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Analytical Methods For Biomass Characterization And Conversion

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Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion Book
Author : David C. Dayton,Thomas D. Foust
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-05
ISBN : 0128156066
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion is a thorough resource for researchers, students and professors who investigate the use of biomass for fuels, chemicals and products. Advanced analytical chemistry methods and techniques can now provide detailed compositional and chemical measurements of biomass, biomass conversion process streams, intermediates and products. This volume from the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series brings together the current knowledge on each of these methods, including spectroscopic methods (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Near-infrared Spectroscopy, Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance), pyrolysis (Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry), Liquid Chromatography/High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, and so on. Authors David C. Dayton and Thomas D. Foust show how these can be used for measuring biomass composition and for determining the composition of intermediates with regard to subsequent processing for biofuels, bio-chemicals and bio-based products. Covers the broad range of techniques and applications that have been developed and perfected in the last decade Highlights specific analyses required for understanding biomass conversion to select intermediates Provides references to seminal books, review articles and technical articles that go into greater depth, serving as a basis for further study

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass Book
Author : Sílvio Vaz Jr.
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-27
ISBN : 3319414143
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with the application of techniques and methods of chemical analysis for the study of biomass and its conversion processes, aiming to fill the current gap in the book literature on the subject. The use of various techniques and analytical methods is presented and discussed in a straightforward manner, providing the reader with the possibility of choosing the most appropriate methodologies for analysis of the major classes of plant biomass and its products. In the present volume, a select group of international specialists describes different approaches to understand the biomass structure, their physical and chemical properties, the parameters of conversion processes, the products and by-products formation and quantification, quality parameters, etc. Modern chemistry plays a strong economic role in industrial activities based on biomass, with an increasing trend of the importance of its application from the deployment of biorefineries and the principles of green chemistry, which make use of the potential of biomass with decreasing impact negative environmental. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the supply chains of biomass, be it plant or animal origin; however, with the first offering the greatest challenges and the greatest opportunity for technical, scientific and economic progress, given its diversified chemical constitution. Thus, the chemical analysis can be used to examine the composition for characterizing physicochemical properties and to monitor their conversion processes, in order to obtain better products and uses of biomass. The quality of the biomass used determines the product quality. Therefore, reliable information is required about the chemical composition of the biomass to establish the best use (e.g., most suitable conversion process and its conditions), which will influence harvest and preparation steps. Conversion processes should be monitored for their yield, integrity, safety, and environmental impact. Effluent or residues should be monitored and analyzed for environmental control. Co-products need to be monitored to avoid interference with the product yield and product purity; however, co-products are also a good opportunity to add value to the biomass chain. Finally, products need to be monitored and analyzed to determine their yields and purity and to ensure their quality. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the biomass supply chains, be it of plant or animal origin.

Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomass Conversion Processes

Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomass Conversion Processes Book
Author : T. Milne,A.H. Brennan,B.H. Glenn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1990-09-30
ISBN : 9781851665273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomass Conversion Processes book written by T. Milne,A.H. Brennan,B.H. Glenn, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biomass Modification Characterization and Process Monitoring Analytics to Support Biofuel and Biomaterial Production

Biomass Modification  Characterization and Process Monitoring Analytics to Support Biofuel and Biomaterial Production Book
Author : Robert Henry,Blake Simmons,Jason Lupoi
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-06-09
ISBN : 2889198677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into renewable fuels and other commodities has provided an appealing alternative towards supplanting global dependence on fossil fuels. The suitability of multitudes of plants for deconstruction to useful precursor molecules and products is currently being evaluated. These studies have probed a variety of phenotypic traits, including cellulose, non-cellulosic polysaccharide, lignin, and lignin monomer composition, glucose and xylose production following enzymatic hydrolysis, and an assessment of lignin-carbohydrate and lignin-lignin linkages, to name a few. These quintessential traits can provide an assessment of biomass recalcitrance, enabling researchers to devise appropriate deconstruction strategies. Plants with high polysaccharide and lower lignin contents have been shown to breakdown to monomeric sugars more readily. Not all plants contain ideal proportions of the various cell wall constituents, however. The capabilities of biotechnology can alleviate this conundrum by tailoring the chemical composition of plants to be more favorable for conversion to sugars, fuels, etc. Increases in the total biomass yield, cellulose content, or conversion efficiency through, for example, a reduction in lignin content, are pathways being evaluated to genetically improve plants for use in manufacturing biofuels and bio-based chemicals. Although plants have been previously domesticated for food and fiber production, the collection of phenotypic traits prerequisite for biofuel production may necessitate new genetic breeding schemes. Given the plethora of potential plants available for exploration, rapid analytical methods are needed to more efficiently screen through the bulk of samples to hone in on which feedstocks contain the desired chemistry for subsequent conversion to valuable, renewable commodities. The standard methods for analyzing biomass and related intermediates and finished products are laborious, potentially toxic, and/or destructive. They may also necessitate a complex data analysis, significantly increasing the experimental time and add unwanted delays in process monitoring, where delays can incur in significant costs. Advances in thermochemical and spectroscopic techniques have enabled the screening of thousands of plants for different phenotypes, such as cell-wall cellulose, non-cellulosic polysaccharide, and lignin composition, lignin monomer composition, or monomeric sugar release. Some instrumental methods have been coupled with multivariate analysis, providing elegant chemometric predictive models enabling the accelerated identification of potential feedstocks. In addition to the use of high-throughput analytical methods for the characterization of feedstocks based on phenotypic metrics, rapid instrumental techniques have been developed for the real-time monitoring of diverse processes, such as the efficacy of a specific pretreatment strategy, or the formation of end products, such as biofuels and biomaterials. Real-time process monitoring techniques are needed for all stages of the feedstocks-to-biofuels conversion process in order to maximize efficiency and lower costs by monitoring and optimizing performance. These approaches allow researchers to adjust experimental conditions during, rather than at the conclusion, of a process, thereby decreasing overhead expenses. This Frontiers Research Topic explores options for the modification of biomass composition and the conversion of these feedstocks into to biofuels or biomaterials and the related innovations in methods for the analysis of the composition of plant biomass, and advances in assessing up- and downstream processes in real-time. Finally, a review of the computational models available for techno-economic modeling and lifecycle analysis will be presented.

Biomass Compositional Analysis Laboratory Fact Sheet

Biomass Compositional Analysis Laboratory  Fact Sheet   Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At the Biomass Compositional Analysis Laboratory, NREL scientists have more than 20 years of experience supporting the biomass conversion industry. They develop, refine, and validate analytical methods to determine the chemical composition of biomass samples before, during, and after conversion processing. These high-quality compositional analysis data are used to determine feedstock compositions as well as mass balances and product yields from conversion processes.

Fuel Conversion and Ash Formation Interactions

Fuel Conversion and Ash Formation Interactions Book
Author : Anna Strandberg
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9789176018712
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass is considered to be CO 2 neutral, and to be able to reduce the dependency on fossil fuels the need for expanded and sustainable biomass feedstock is increasing. Ash-related problems are some of the most important aspects of this increasing use of new biomass assortments in thermal energy conversion systems. An improved basic understanding of fuel conversion, ash formation, ash transformation and ash interactions with the converting fuel is therefore important. In the present thesis, the main objective was to provide new knowledge on thermochemical fuel conversion, specifically on how ash formation interacts with fuel conversion for lignocellulosic biomasses. The main methods used were experimental characterization of decomposition behavior and analysis of morphology and elemental composition of samples, using different appliances, analytical methods and fuels. Multivariate data analysis was successfully used on thermogravimetric data for prediction of compositional data and fuel properties. New, detailed explanations of structural changes in char morphology and ash properties during conversion were provided including descriptions of the influences of ash formation on fuel conversion rates under different conditions. The influences were found different depending on both particle size and ash composition. One implication of these findings is that for fuels with low temperature melting ash, the diffusion barrier formed causes difficulties for typical thermogravimetric experiments aiming at determination of reactivity in the kinetically controlled regime. This is recommended to carefully consider for future studies. On a single pellet level, char encapsulation was not found to dominate and limit gas transport and conversion for any of the fuels tested. In practical applications, however, the situation may be different with thick ash layers accumulating on a fuel bed surface. Another important finding was the extensive formation of cracks and internal cavities during combustion of pellets, providing new insights in the fundamentals of fuel conversion. Clean woody fuels, rich in calcium, formed a porous ash layer with no sign of limiting char conversion rates. The phase chemical transformations involving carbonate and oxide formation from poplar pellets was studied in detail. For grassy fuels, on the other hand, low melting point silicates are expected to form. The physical properties of K-Ca-silicates from silicon rich straw fuels were also characterized, providing new insights on ash formation on micrometer scale resolution; at high temperature, the silicate melt formed bubbles on the surface that partially covered the char, while for lower temperature a more rigid net structure was formed.

Handbook on Characterization of Biomass Biowaste and Related By products

Handbook on Characterization of Biomass  Biowaste and Related By products Book
Author : Ange Nzihou
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2020-02-18
ISBN : 9783030350192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides authoritative information, techniques and data necessary for the appropriate understanding of biomass and biowaste (understood as contaminated biomass) composition and behaviour while processed in various conditions and technologies. Numerous techniques for characterizing biomass, biowaste and by-product streams exist in literature. However, there lacks a reference book where these techniques are gathered in a single book, although such information is in increasingly high demand. This handbook provides a wealth of characterization methods, protocols, standards, databases and references relevant to various biomass, biowaste materials and by-products. It specifically addresses sampling and preconditioning methods, extraction techniques of elements and molecules, as well as biochemical, mechanical and thermal characterization methods. Furthermore, advanced and innovative methods under development are highlighted. The characterization will allow the analysis, identification and quantification of molecules and species including biomass feedstocks and related conversion products. The characterization will also provide insight into physical, mechanical and thermal properties of biomass and biowaste as well as the resulting by-products.

Sustainable Degradation of Lignocellulosic Biomass

Sustainable Degradation of Lignocellulosic Biomass Book
Author : Anuj Chandel,Silvio Silverio Da Silva
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 9535111191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides important aspects of sustainable degradation of lignocellulosic biomass which has a pivotal role for the economic production of several value-added products and biofuels with safe environment. Different pretreatment techniques and enzymatic hydrolysis process along with the characterization of cell wall components have been discussed broadly. The following features of this book attribute its distinctiveness: This book comprehensively covers the improvement in methodologies for the biomass pretreatment, hemicellulose and cellulose breakdown into fermentable sugars, the analytical methods for biomass characterization, and bioconversion of cellulosics into biofuels. In addition, mechanistic analysis of biomass pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis have been discussed in details, highlighting key factors influencing these processes at industrial scale.

Valorization of Biomass to Value Added Commodities

Valorization of Biomass to Value Added Commodities Book
Author : Michael O. Daramola,Augustine O. Ayeni
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-21
ISBN : 3030380327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the most up-to-date technologies for the transformation of biomass into valuable fuels, chemicals, materials, and products. It provides comprehensive coverage of the characterization and fractionation of various types of biomass and details the many challenges that are currently encountered during this process. Divided into two sections, this book discusses timely topics such as the characterization of biomass feedstock, pretreatment and fractionation of biomass, and describes the process for conversion of biomass to value-added commodities. The authors bring biomass transformational strategies that are yet to be explored to the forefront, making this innovative book useful for graduate students and researchers in academia, government, and industry.

Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomaas Conversion Processes

Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomaas Conversion Processes Book
Author : T.A. Milne
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomaas Conversion Processes book written by T.A. Milne, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Introduction to Renewable Biomaterials

Introduction to Renewable Biomaterials Book
Author : Ali S. Ayoub,Lucian A. Lucia
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-09-06
ISBN : 1118698584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covers the entire evolutionary spectrum of biomass, from its genetic modification and harvesting, to conversion technologies, life cycle analysis, and its value to the current global economy This original textbook introduces readers to biomass—a renewable resource derived from forest, agriculture, and organic-based materials—which has attracted significant attention as a sustainable alternative to petrochemicals for large-scale production of fuels, materials, and chemicals. The current renaissance in the manipulation and uses of biomass has been so abrupt and focused, that very few educational textbooks actually cover these topics to any great extent. That’s why this interdisciplinary text is a welcome resource for those seeking a better understanding of this new discipline. It combines the underpinning science of biomass with technology applications and sustainability considerations to provide a broad focus to its readers. Introduction to Renewable Biomaterials: First Principles and Concepts consists of eight chapters on the following topics: fundamental biochemical & biotechnological principles; principles and methodologies controlling plant growth and silviculture; fundamental science and engineering considerations; critical considerations and strategies for harvesting; first principles of pretreatment; conversion technologies; characterization methods and techniques; and life cycle analysis. Each chapter includes a glossary of terms, two to three problem sets, and boxes to highlight novel discoveries and instruments. Chapters also offer questions for further consideration and suggestions for further reading. Developed from a successful USDA funded course, run by a partnership of three US universities: BioSUCEED - BioProducts Sustainability, a University Cooperative Center for Excellence in Education Covers the entire evolutionary spectrum of biomass, from genetic modification to life cycle analysis Presents the key chemistry, biology, technology, and sustainability aspects of biomaterials Edited by a highly regarded academic team, with extensive research and teaching experience in the field Introduction to Renewable Biomaterials: First Principles and Concepts is an ideal text for advanced academics and industry professionals involved with biomass and renewable resources, bioenergy, biorefining, biotechnology, materials science, sustainable chemistry, chemical engineering, crop science and technology, agriculture.

Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals

Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals Book
Author : Charles E. Wyman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-03-27
ISBN : 111856040X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant biomass is attracting increasing attention as asustainable resource for large-scale production of renewable fuelsand chemicals. However, in order to successfully compete withpetroleum, it is vital that biomass conversion processes aredesigned to minimize costs and maximize yields. Advances inpretreatment technology are critical in order to develophigh-yielding, cost-competitive routes to renewable fuels andchemicals. Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological andChemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals presents acomprehensive overview of the currently available aqueouspretreatment technologies for cellulosic biomass, highlighting thefundamental chemistry and biology of each method, key attributesand limitations, and opportunities for future advances. Topics covered include: • The importance of biomass conversion to fuels • The role of pretreatment in biological and chemicalconversion of biomass • Composition and structure of biomass, andrecalcitrance to conversion • Fundamentals of biomass pretreatment at low, neutraland high pH • Ionic liquid and organosolv pretreatments tofractionate biomass • Comparative data for application of leadingpretreatments and effect of enzyme formulations • Physical and chemical features of pretreatedbiomass • Economics of pretreatment for biologicalprocessing • Methods of analysis and enzymatic conversion ofbiomass streams • Experimental pretreatment systems from multiwellplates to pilot plant operations This comprehensive reference book provides an authoritativesource of information on the pretreatment of cellulosic biomass toaid those experienced in the field to access the most currentinformation on the topic. It will also be invaluable to thoseentering the growing field of biomass conversion.

Process Design Strategies for Biomass Conversion Systems

Process Design Strategies for Biomass Conversion Systems Book
Author : Denny K. S. Ng,Raymond R. Tan,Dominic C. Y. Foo,Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-01-19
ISBN : 1118699130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers recent developments in process systems engineering (PSE) for efficient resource use in biomass conversion systems. It provides an overview of process development in biomass conversion systems with focus on biorefineries involving the production and coproduction of fuels, heating, cooling, and chemicals. The scope includes grassroots and retrofitting applications. In order to reach high levels of processing efficiency, it also covers techniques and applications of natural-resource (mass and energy) conservation. Technical, economic, environmental, and social aspects of biorefineries are discussed and reconciled. The assessment scales vary from unit- to process- and life-cycle or supply chain levels. The chapters are written by leading experts from around the world, and present an integrated set of contributions. Providing a comprehensive, multi-dimensional analysis of various aspects of bioenergy systems, the book is suitable for both academic researchers and energy professionals in industry.

Biomass Chars Elaboration Characterization and Applications

Biomass Chars  Elaboration  Characterization and Applications     Book
Author : Lionel Limousy,Mejdi Jeguirim
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 3039216627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass can be converted to energy, biofuels, and bioproducts via thermochemical conversion processes, such as combustion, pyrolysis, and gasification. Combustion technology is most widely applied on an industrial scale. However, biomass gasification and pyrolysis processes are still in the research and development stage. The major products from these processes are syngas, bio-oil, and char (called also biochar for agronomic application). Among these products, biomass chars have received increasing attention for different applications, such as gasification, co-combustion, catalysts or adsorbents precursors, soil amendment, carbon fuel cells, and supercapacitors. This Special Issue provides an overview of biomass char production methods (pyrolysis, hydrothermal carbonization, etc.), characterization techniques (e.g., scanning electronic microscopy, X-ray fluorescence, nitrogen adsorption, Raman spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and temperature programmed desorption and mass spectrometry), their properties, and their suitable recovery processes.

Encyclopedia of Alternative and Renewable Energy

Encyclopedia of Alternative and Renewable Energy Book
Author : Brad Hill,David McCartney
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015-02-05
ISBN : 9781632391865
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An elucidative account based on the sustainable degradation of lignocellulosic biomass has been described in this book. It covers important aspects of sustainable degradation of lignocellulosic biomass which plays a crucial role in the economic production of numerous value-added products and biofuels which are safe to the environment. Enzymatic hydrolysis process and various pretreatment methods along with the depiction of cell wall components have been elucidated broadly. This book provides in-depth analysis regarding the enhancement in methodologies for the biomass pretreatment, the analytical procedures for biomass characterization, hemicellulose and cellulose breakdown into fermentable sugars and bioconversion of cellulosics into biofuels. Mechanistic analysis of biomass pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis has also been elucidated, focusing on the key factors responsible for these processes at industrial scale.

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value Added Products

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value Added Products Book
Author : Mihir Kumar Purkait,Dibyajyoti Haldar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-07-02
ISBN : 0128235349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value-Added Products: Fundamental Strategies and Technological Advancements focuses on fundamental and advanced topics surrounding technologies for the conversion process of lignocellulosic biomass. Each and every concept related to the utilization of biomass in the process of conversion is elaborately explained, with importance given to minute details. Advanced level technologies involved in the conversion of biomass into biofuels, like bioethanol and biobutanol, are addressed, along with the process of pyrolysis. Readers of this book will become fully acquainted with the field of lignocellulosic conversion, from its basics to current research accomplishments. The uniqueness of the book lies in the fact that it covers each and every topic related to biomass and its conversion into value-added products. Technologies involved in the major areas of pretreatment, hydrolysis and fermentation are explained precisely. Additional emphasis is given to the analytical part, especially the established protocols for rapid and accurate quantification of total sugars obtained from lignocellulosic biomass. Includes chapters arranged in a flow-through manner Discusses mechanistic insights in different phenomena using colorful figures for quick understanding Provides the most up-to-date information on all aspects of the conversion of individual components of lignocellulosic biomass

Advancements in Biomass Feedstock Preprocessing Conversion Ready Feedstocks

Advancements in Biomass Feedstock Preprocessing  Conversion Ready Feedstocks Book
Author : J. Richard Hess,Allison E. Ray,Timothy G. Rials
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-03-12
ISBN : 2889634655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The success of lignocellulosic biofuels and biochemical industries depends upon an economic and reliable supply of quality biomass. However, research and development efforts have historically focused on the utilization of agriculturally-derived, cellulosic feedstocks without consideration of their low energy density, high variations in physical and chemical characteristics and potential supply risks in terms of availability and affordability. This Research Topic will explore strategies that enable supply chain improvements in biomass quality and consistency through blending, preprocessing, diversity and landscape design for development of conversion-ready, lignocellulosic feedstocks for production of biofuels and bio-products. Biomass variability has proven a formidable challenge to the emerging biorefining industry, impeding continuous operation and reducing yields required for economical production of lignocellulosic biofuels at scale. Conventional supply systems lack the preprocessing capabilities necessary to ensure consistent biomass feedstocks with physical and chemical properties that are compatible with supply chain operations and conversion processes. Direct coupling of conventional feedstock supply systems with sophisticated conversion systems has reduced the operability of biorefining processes to less than 50%. As the bioeconomy grows, the inherent variability of biomass resources cannot be managed by passive means alone. As such, there is a need to fully recognize the magnitude of biomass variability and uncertainty, as well as the cost of failing to design feedstock supply systems that can mitigate biomass variability and uncertainty. A paradigm shift is needed, from biorefinery designs using raw, single-resource biomass, to advanced feedstock supply systems that harness diverse biomass resources to enable supply chain resilience and development of conversion-ready feedstocks. Blending and preprocessing (e.g., drying, sorting, sizing, fractionation, leaching, densification, etc.) can mitigate variable quality and performance in diverse resources when integrated with downstream conversion systems. Decoupling feedstock supply from biorefining provides an opportunity to manage supply risks and incorporate value-added upgrading to develop feedstocks with improved convertibility and/ or market fungibility. Conversion-ready feedstocks have undergone the required preprocessing to ensure compatibility with conversion and utilization prior to delivery at the biorefinery and represent lignocellulosic biomass with physical and chemical properties that are tailored to meet the requirements of industrially-relevant handling and conversion systems.

Biomass Conversion

Biomass Conversion Book
Author : Michael E. Himmel
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2016-05-01
ISBN : 9781493959266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With step-by-step guidance on studying the processes of biomass conversion, a field combining basic and applied science with engineering analysis, the detail included here ensures reproducible results. So too does the astute advice from leading researchers.

Hydrothermal Technology in Biomass Utilization Conversion

Hydrothermal Technology in Biomass Utilization   Conversion Book
Author : David Chiaramonti,Andrea Kruse,Marco Klemm
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-04-30
ISBN : 3039286765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses a key innovative technology for decarbonization of the energy system: hydrothermal processing. It basically consists of treating biomass and wastes in a wet form, under pressure and temperature condition. This approach is becoming more and more attractive, as new feedstock and applications are appearing on the scene of bioeconomy and bioenergy. The hydrothermal processing of various type of biomass, waste, and residues, thus, raised the interest of many researchers and companies around the world, together with downstream upgrading processes and technologies: solid products as biochar, for instance, or liquid ones as crude bioliquids, are finding new market opportunities in circular economy schemes. The Special Issue collects recent innovative research works in the field, from basic to applied research, as well as pilot industrial applications/demo. It is a valuable set of references for those investing time and effort in research in the field.

Liquid Biofuels

Liquid Biofuels Book
Author : Krushna Prasad Shadangi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-05-11
ISBN : 1119793017
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Compiled by a well-known expert in the field, Liquid Biofuels provides a profound knowledge to researchers about biofuel technologies, selection of raw materials, conversion of various biomass to biofuel pathways, selection of suitable methods of conversion, design of equipment, selection of operating parameters, determination of chemical kinetics, reaction mechanism, preparation of bio-catalyst: its application in bio-fuel industry and characterization techniques, use of nanotechnology in the production of biofuels from the root level to its application and many other exclusive topics for conducting research in this area. Written with the objective of offering both theoretical concepts and practical applications of those concepts, Liquid Biofuels can be both a first-time learning experience for the student facing these issues in a classroom and a valuable reference work for the veteran engineer or scientist. The description of the detailed characterization methodologies along with the precautions required during analysis are extremely important, as are the detailed description about the ultrasound assisted biodiesel production techniques, aviation biofuels and its characterization techniques, advance in algal biofuel techniques, pre-treatment of biomass for biofuel production, preparation and characterization of bio-catalyst, and various methods of optimization. The book offers a comparative study between the various liquid biofuels obtained from different methods of production and its engine performance and emission analysis so that one can get the utmost idea to find the better biofuel as an alternative fuel. Since the book covers almost all the field of liquid biofuel production techniques, it will provide advanced knowledge to the researcher for practical applications across the energy sector. A valuable reference for engineers, scientists, chemists, and students, this volume is applicable to many different fields, across many different industries, at all levels. It is a must-have for any library.