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An Introduction To Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

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An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Book
Author : Michael I. Ojovan,William E. Lee,Stepan N. Kalmykov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-04-04
ISBN : 0081027036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation, Third Edition examines nuclear waste issues, including natural levels of radionuclides in the environment, the geological disposal of waste-forms, and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. The book has been updated to include a discussion of the disposal of nuclear waste from non-energy sources, also adding a chapter on the nuclear fuel cycle. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices, such as bitumen. The book's final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste. Focuses on core technologies and an integrated approach to immobilization and hazards Includes new scientific findings on wasteform performance and novel technological developments Provides expanded coverage on decommissioning waste, including clearance of bulk materials from regulatory control and novel processing approaches Focuses on different matrices used in nuclear waste immobilization, including cement, bitumen, glass and new materials

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Book
Author : Michael I Ojovan,William E Lee,William E. Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-07
ISBN : 9780080455716
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety and environmental impact is of uppermost concern when dealing with the movement and storage of nuclear waste. The 20 chapters in 'An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation' cover all important aspects of immobilisation, from nuclear decay, to regulations, to new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used in transport: cement, bitumen and glass, with the greatest attention being given to glass. The last chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of each matrix, and on new developments of ceramics and glass composite materials, thermochemical methods and in-situ metal matrix immobilisation. The book thoroughly covers all issues surrounding nuclear waste: from where to locate nuclear waste in the environment, through nuclear waste generation and sources, treatment schemes and technologies, immobilisation technologies and waste forms, disposal and long term behaviour. Particular attention is paid to internationally approved and worldwide-applied approaches and technologies. * Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilisation: Cement, bitumen, glass and new materials. * Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste – such as treatment schemes and technologies, and disposal - at the forefront.

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilization

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilization Book
Author : Michael I. Ojovan,W. E. Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-06
ISBN : 9780081013632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drawing on the authors extensive experience in the processing and disposal of waste, "An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation," "Second Edition"examines the gamut of nuclear waste issues from the natural level of radionuclides in the environment to geological disposal of waste-forms and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices such as bitumen. The final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of the resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste. The fully revised second edition focuses on core technologies and has an integrated approach to immobilization and hazardsEach chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilization: cement, bitumen, glass and new materialsKeeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste - such as treatment schemes and technologies and disposal - at the forefront"

Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies

Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies Book
Author : Michael I Ojovan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-01-24
ISBN : 085709095X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radioactive wastes are generated from a wide range of sources, including the power industry, and medical and scientific research institutions, presenting a range of challenges in dealing with a diverse set of radionuclides of varying concentrations. Conditioning technologies are essential for the encapsulation and immobilisation of these radioactive wastes, forming the initial engineered barrier required for their transportation, storage and disposal. The need to ensure the long term performance of radioactive waste forms is a key driver of the development of advanced conditioning technologies. The Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes. The book opens with an introductory chapter on radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies. Part one reviews the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction, incineration and plasma treatment, as well as encapsulation methods such as cementation, calcination and vitrification. This coverage is extended in part two, with in-depth reviews of the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning, including geopolymers, glass and ceramic matrices for nuclear waste immobilisation, and waste packages and containers for disposal. Finally, part three reviews the long-term performance assessment and knowledge management techniques applicable to both spent nuclear fuels and solid radioactive waste forms. With its distinguished international team of contributors, the Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies is a standard reference for all radioactive waste management professionals, radiochemists, academics and researchers involved in the development of the nuclear fuel cycle. Provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes Explores radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies including the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning Assesses the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction

Sustainability of Life Cycle Management for Nuclear Cementation Based Technologies

Sustainability of Life Cycle Management for Nuclear Cementation Based Technologies Book
Author : Rehab O. Abdel Rahman,Michael I. Ojovan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-05-28
ISBN : 0128183292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainability of Life Cycle Management for Nuclear Cementation-Based Technologies, edited by Dr. Rahman and Dr. Ojovan, presents the latest knowledge and research on the management of cementitious systems within nuclear power plants. The book covers aging, development and updates on regulatory frameworks on a global scale, the development of cementitious systems for the immobilization of problematic wastes, and the decommissioning and decontamination of complex cementitious systems. The book's editors and their team of experts combine their practical knowledge to provide the reader with a thorough understanding on the sustainability of lifecycle management of cementitious systems within the nuclear industry. Sections provide a comparative tool that presents national regulations concerning cementitious systems within nuclear power plants, check international and national evaluation results of the sustainability of different systems, help in the development of performance test procedures, and provide a guide on aging nuclear power plants and the long-term behavior of these systems in active and passive safety environments. Presents the latest information on the behavior of different cementitious systems used in the nuclear industry in one comprehensive resource Includes scientific justifications of system behavior during the design, operation, maintenance and decommissioning phases Aids the reader in the development of evaluation tests for problematic wastes

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up Book
Author : William E Lee,Michael I Ojovan,Carol M Jantzen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-31
ISBN : 085709744X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up reviews radioactive waste management processes, technologies, and international experiences. Part one explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies. International safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management are also reviewed. Part two highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. The experience in Japan, with a specific chapter on Fukushima, is also covered. Finally, part three explores the clean-up of sites contaminated by weapons programmes including the USA and former USSR. Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up is a comprehensive resource for professionals, researchers, scientists and academics in radioactive waste management, governmental and other regulatory bodies and the nuclear power industry. Explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies Reviews international safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management Highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America specifically including a chapter on the experience in Fukushima, Japan

Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization

Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization Book
Author : Rehab O. Abdel Rahman,Ravil Z. Rakhimov,Michael I. Ojovan,Nailia R. Rakhimova
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-11-17
ISBN : 1118512006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cementitious materials are an essential part in any radioactive waste disposal facility. Conditioning processes such as cementation are used to convert waste into a stable solid form that is insoluble and will prevent dispersion to the surrounding environment. It is incredibly important to understand the long-term behavior of these materials. This book summarises approaches and current practices in use of cementitious materials for nuclear waste immobilisation. It gives a unique description of the most important aspects of cements as nuclear waste forms: starting with a description of wastes, analyzing the cementitious systems used for immobilization and describing the technologies used, and ending with analysis of cementitious waste forms and their long term behavior in an envisaged disposal environment. Extensive research has been devoted to study the feasibility of using cement or cement based materials in immobilizing and solidifying different radioactive wastes. However, these research results are scattered. This work provides the reader with both the science and technology of the immobilization process, and the cementitious materials used to immobilize nuclear waste. It summarizes current knowledge in the field, and highlights important areas that need more investigation. The chapters include: Introduction, Portland cement, Alternative cements, Cement characterization and testing, Radioactive waste cementation, Waste cementation technology, Cementitious wasteform durability and performance assessment.

Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management

Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization

Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization Book
Author : Michael I. Ojovan,Neil C. Hyatt
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-01-09
ISBN : 3039218468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book outlines recent advances in nuclear wasteform materials including glasses, ceramics and cements and spent nuclear fuel. It focuses on durability aspects and contains data on performance of nuclear wasteforms as well as expected behavior in a disposal environment.

State of the art Review of Materials Properties of Nuclear Waste Forms

State of the art Review of Materials Properties of Nuclear Waste Forms Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Materials Characterization Center (MCC) was established at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory to assemble a standardized nuclear waste materials data base for use in research, systems and facility design, safety analyses, and waste management decisions. This centralized data base will be provided through the means of a Nuclear Waste Materials Handbook. The first issue of the Handbook will be published in the fall of 1981 in looseleaf format so that it can be updated as additional information becomes available. To ensure utmost reliability, all materials data appearing in the Handbook will be obtained by standard procedures defined in the Handbook and approved by an independent Materials Review Board (MRB) comprised of materials experts from Department of Energy laboratories and from universities and industry. In the interim before publication of the Handbook there is need for a report summarizing the existing materials data on nuclear waste forms. This review summarizes materials property data for the nuclear waste forms that are being developed for immobilization of high-level radioactive waste. It is intended to be a good representation of the knowledge concerning the properties of HLW forms as of March 1981. The table of contents lists the following topics: introduction which covers waste-form categories, and important waste-form materials properties; physical properties; mechanical properties; chemical durability; vaporization; radiation effects; and thermal phase stability.

Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization

Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization Book
Author : Rehab O. Abdel Rahman,Ravil Z. Rakhimov,Nailia R. Rakhimova,Michael I. Ojovan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-08-28
ISBN : 1118511972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cementitious materials are an essential part in any radioactive waste disposal facility. Conditioning processes such as cementation are used to convert waste into a stable solid form that is insoluble and will prevent dispersion to the surrounding environment. It is incredibly important to understand the long-term behavior of these materials. This book summarises approaches and current practices in use of cementitious materials for nuclear waste immobilisation. It gives a unique description of the most important aspects of cements as nuclear waste forms: starting with a description of wastes, analyzing the cementitious systems used for immobilization and describing the technologies used, and ending with analysis of cementitious waste forms and their long term behavior in an envisaged disposal environment. Extensive research has been devoted to study the feasibility of using cement or cement based materials in immobilizing and solidifying different radioactive wastes. However, these research results are scattered. This work provides the reader with both the science and technology of the immobilization process, and the cementitious materials used to immobilize nuclear waste. It summarizes current knowledge in the field, and highlights important areas that need more investigation. The chapters include: Introduction, Portland cement, Alternative cements, Cement characterization and testing, Radioactive waste cementation, Waste cementation technology, Cementitious wasteform durability and performance assessment.

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Named Processes in Chemical Technology Fourth Edition

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Named Processes in Chemical Technology  Fourth Edition Book
Author : Alan E. Comyns
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-02-21
ISBN : 1466567767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the third edition of this reference was completed, there have been major changes in the global chemical industry. With less emphasis on new processes for making basic chemicals and more emphasis on pollution prevention and waste disposal, petrochemical processes are giving way to biochemical processes. These changes are reflected in the new processes being developed, many of which have their own names. In addition, niche improvements are still being made in petrochemistry, and some of these processes have new names as well. Gathering and defining a large portion of special named processes that may fall outside standard chemical texts or be scattered among industry manuals, Encyclopedic Dictionary of Named Processes in Chemical Technology, Fourth Edition provides a single-source reference on an extensive array of named processes. It provides concise descriptions of those processes in chemical technology that are known by special names that are not self-explanatory. While overviews of the chemical technology industry are present in other books, most of the names defined within this volume are unique to this compilation. This reference includes named processes in current commercial use around the world, processes that have been or are being piloted on a substantial scale, and even obsolete processes that have been important in the past. The length of the dictionary entries reflects their importance and topicality. The text includes references that document the origins of the processes and review the latest developments. Written by a highly experienced and respected author, this user-friendly text is presented in a practical dictionary format that is useful for a broad audience including industrial chemists and engineers.

Corrosion Science Modern Trends and Applications

Corrosion Science  Modern Trends and Applications Book
Author : N. Suresh Kumar, P. Banerjee,H. Manjunatha, K. Chandra Babu Naidu
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2021-05-24
ISBN : 9811481814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The advent of Industry 4.0 has opened a data-rich avenue of predicting and controlling premature degradation of industrial materials. For any industrial construction or manufacturing projects, performing analysis on the structural integrity of materials is crucial for their sustainability. Corrosion Science: Modern Trends and Applications gives scholars a snapshot of recent contributions and development in the field of material corrosion. The book presents 12 chapters that cover topics such as corrosion testing methods, anti-corrosive coating mechanisms, corrosion in different types of products (electronics, polymers), industrial systems (power plants, concrete constructions, and hydraulic systems), and corrosion as a result of environmental characteristics (such as marine surroundings). The breadth of topics covered coupled with the reader-friendly presentation of the book make it highly beneficial for students, research scholars, faculty members, and R&D specialists working in the area of corrosion science, material science, solid-state science, chemical engineering, and nanotechnology. Readers will be equipped with the knowledge to understand and plan industrial processes that involve measuring the reliability and integrity of material structures which are impacted by corrosive factors.

Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies III

Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies III Book
Author : Tatsuki Ohji,Josef Matyáš,Navin Jose Manjooran,Gary Pickrell,Andrei Jitianu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-10-10
ISBN : 1118996704
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This proceedings contains a collection of 26 papers from the following six 2013 Materials Science and Technology (MS&T'13) symposia: Green Technologies for Materials Manufacturing and Processing V Materials Development and Degradation Management in Nuclear Applications Materials Issues in Nuclear Waste Management in the 21st Century Energy Storage III: Materials, Systems and Applications Nanotechnology for Energy, Healthcare and Industry Hybrid Organic – Inorganic Materials for Alternative Energy

Waste Immobilization in Glass and Ceramic Based Hosts

Waste Immobilization in Glass and Ceramic Based Hosts Book
Author : Ian W. Donald
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-04-01
ISBN : 1444319361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The safe storage in glass-based materials of both radioactiveand non-radioactive hazardous wastes is covered in a single book,making it unique Provides a comprehensive and timely reference source at thiscritical time in waste management, including an extensive andup-to-date bibliography in all areas outlined to waste conversionand related technologies, both radioactive and non-radioactive Brings together all aspects of waste vitrification, drawscomparisons between the different types of wastes and treatments,and outlines where lessons learnt in the radioactive waste fieldcan be of benefit in the treatment of non-radioactive wastes

Le risque radioactif Devenir des radionucl ides dans l environnement et impacts sur la sant

Le risque radioactif    Devenir des radionucl  ides dans l environnement et impacts sur la sant   Book
Author : AMIARD Jean-Claude
Publisher : Lavoisier
Release : 2013-05-01
ISBN : 2743064951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

L’utilisation et la gestion de l’énergie nucléaire sont des sujets sensibles. Chaque accident nucléaire majeur qui se produit soulève de nombreuses et nouvelles interrogations sur les risques radioactifs pour l’environnement et la biodiversité, et l’impact des radionucléides sur les êtres vivants et la santé. S’inscrivant au cœur du débat public, Le risque radioactif propose une synthèse complète des connaissances actuelles sur les principaux polluants radioactifs de l’environnement (uranium, transuraniens, isotopes radioactifs du césium, du strontium, de l’iode, du tritium, du carbone et de divers métaux de transition…), leur comportement et leur devenir dans les divers compartiments physiques des milieux et au sein des organismes vivants, dont l’homme. Il présente de façon claire et raisonnée : - les fondements de la physique et de la chimie nucléaires ainsi que leurs applications dans différents domaines (militaire, énergie, médecine, industrie…). Il aborde également les notions à connaître d’écologie et de génétique, et rappelle les origines anthropiques des radionucléides dans l’environnement ; - les grands principes de la radioécologie, discipline consacrée à l’étude des radionucléides, le comportement de ces derniers dans l’environnement (atmosphère, hydrosphère et lithosphère), leur mode de contamination et leur effet néfaste sur les organismes non humains ; - les principaux risques radioactifs pour l’homme (exposition, imprégnation), les mécanismes de contamination et leurs conséquences sur la santé (effets des irradiations) ; - les principaux inconvénients de l’utilisation de l’énergie nucléaire que sont les déchets radioactifs et leur gestion, et les accidents nucléaires et leur impact. Véritable ouvrage de référence multidisciplinaire, Le risque radioactif s’adresse aux ingénieurs, techniciens et industriels concernés par l’évaluation, la prévention et la gestion des risques radioactifs, aux responsables « environnement » des entreprises et collectivités ainsi qu’aux autorités de sûreté nucléaire. Il sera également utile aux enseignants et étudiants de troisième cycle ainsi qu’à toute personne souhaitant mieux comprendre le risque radioactif.

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Named Processes in Chemical Technology

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Named Processes in Chemical Technology Book
Author : Alan E. Comyns
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-06-07
ISBN : 9781420008647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recommended, by Choice Current Reviews for Academic Libraries,. Covering a broad spectrum of chemical technology, from the gigantic Bessemer process for making steel to the microscopic Manasevit process for applying circuits to silicon chips, the Encyclopedic Dictionary of Named Processes in Chemical Technology, Third Edition

Ultra High Temperature Ceramics

Ultra High Temperature Ceramics Book
Author : William G. Fahrenholtz,Eric J. Wuchina,William E. Lee,Yanchun Zhou
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-10-10
ISBN : 111892441X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first comprehensive book to focus on ultra-hightemperature ceramic materials in more than 20 years Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics are a family of compounds thatdisplay an unusual combination of properties, including extremelyhigh melting temperatures (>3000°C), high hardness, andgood chemical stability and strength at high temperatures. Typical UHTC materials are the carbides, nitrides, and borides oftransition metals, but the Group IV compounds (Ti, Zr, Hf) plus TaCare generally considered to be the main focus of research due tothe superior melting temperatures and stable high-meltingtemperature oxide that forms in situ. Rather than focusing on thelatest scientific results, Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics:Materials for Extreme Environment Applications broadly andcritically combines the historical aspects and the state-of-the-arton the processing, densification, properties, and performance ofboride and carbide ceramics. In reviewing the historic studies and recent progress in thefield, Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics: Materials for ExtremeEnvironment Applications provides: Original reviews of researchconducted in the 1960s and 70s Content on electronic structure,synthesis, powder processing, densification, property measurement,and characterization of boride and carbide ceramics. Emphasis on materials for hypersonicaerospace applications such as wing leading edges and propulsioncomponents for vehicles traveling faster than Mach 5 Information on materials used in theextreme environments associated with high speed cutting tools andnuclear power generation Contributions are based on presentations by leading researchgroups at the conference "Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics: Materials for Extreme Environment Applications II" held May 13-19,2012 in Hernstein, Austria. Bringing together disparate researchersfrom academia, government, and industry in a singular forum, themeeting cultivated didactic discussions and efforts between benchresearchers, designers and engineers in assaying results in abroader context and moving the technology forward toward near- andlong-term use. This book is useful for furnace manufacturers,aerospace manufacturers that may be pursuing hypersonic technology,researchers studying any aspect of boride and carbide ceramics, andpractitioners of high-temperature structural ceramics.

Advanced Ceramics for Energy Conversion and Storage

Advanced Ceramics for Energy Conversion and Storage Book
Author : Olivier Guillon
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-20
ISBN : 0081027842
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In order to enable an affordable, sustainable, fossil-free future energy supply, research activities on relevant materials and related technologies have been intensified in recent years, Advanced Ceramics for Energy Conversion and Storage describes the current state-of-the-art concerning materials, properties, processes, and specific applications. Academic and industrial researchers, materials scientists, and engineers will be able to get a broad overview of the use of ceramics in energy applications, while at the same time become acquainted with the most recent developments in the field. With chapters written by recognized experts working in their respective fields the book is a valuable reference source covering the following application areas: ceramic materials and coatings for gas turbines; heat storage and exchange materials for solar thermal energy; ceramics for nuclear energy; ceramics for energy harvesting (thermoelectrics, piezoelectrics, and sunlight conversion); ceramic gas separation membranes; solid oxide fuel cells and electrolysers; and electrochemical storage in battery cells. Advanced Ceramics for Energy Conversion and Storage offers a sound base for understanding the complex requirements related to the technological fields and the ceramic materials that make them possible. The book is also suitable for people with a solid base in materials science and engineering that want to specialize in ceramics. Presents an extensive overview of ceramic materials involved in energy conversion and storage Updates on the tremendous progress that has been achieved in recent years Showcases authors at the forefront of their fields, including results from the huge amount of published data Provides a list of requirements for the materials used for each energy technology Includes an evaluation and comparison of materials available, including their structure, properties and performance

Techno Fixers

Techno Fixers Book
Author : Sean F. Johnston
Publisher : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Release : 2020-03-26
ISBN : 0228002044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the story of a seductive idea. Over the past century, the potential of new technology to solve social dilemmas has captivated modern culture. From apps that encourage physical activity to airport scanners meant to prevent terrorism, the concept that clever innovation can improve society is irresistible, but faith in such technological fixes is seldom questioned. Where did this idea come from, what makes it so appealing, and how does it endanger our future? Techno-Fixers traces the source of modern confidence in technology to engineering hubris, radical utopian movements, science fiction fanzines, policy-makers' soundbites, corporate marketing, and optimistic consumer culture from the turn of the twentieth century until today. Sean Johnston demonstrates that, through the promotion of prominent government scientists, technocrats, entrepreneurs, and popular media, modern invention became the favourite tool for addressing human problems and society's ills. Nonetheless, when it comes to assessing the success of cigarette filters as the solution to safe smoking, or DDT as the answer for agricultural productivity, the evidence is sobering. Cautioning that the rhetoric of technological fixes seldom matches reality, Johnston examines how employing innovation to bypass traditional methods can foster as many problems as it solves. A critical examination of modern faith in technology, Techno-Fixers evaluates past mistakes, present implications, and future opportunities for innovating societies.