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An Introduction To Aspects Of Thermodynamics And Kinetics Relevant To Materials Science

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An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science

An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science Book
Author : Eugene Machlin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-07
ISBN : 9780080549682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is based on a set of notes developed over many years for an introductory course taught to seniors and entering graduate students in materials science. An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science is about the application of thermodynamics and kinetics to solve problems within Materials Science. Emphasis is to provide a physical understanding of the phenomenon under discussion, with the mathematics presented as a guide. The problems are used to provide practice in quantitative application of principles, and also to give examples of applications of the general subject matter to problems having current interest and to emphasize the important physical concepts. End of chapter problems are included, as are references, and bibliography to reinforce the text. This book provides students with the theory and mathematics to understand the important physical understanding of phenomena. Based on a set of notes developed over many years for an introductory course taught to seniors and entering graduate students in materials science Provides students with the theory and mathematics to understand the important physical understanding of phenomena Includes end of chapter problems, references, and bibliography to reinforce the text

Materials Science in Microelectronics I

Materials Science in Microelectronics I Book
Author : Eugene Machlin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-07
ISBN : 9780080459608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thin films play a key role in the material science of microelectronics, and the subject matter of thin-films divides naturally into two headings: processing / structure relationship, and structure / properties relationship. The first volume of Materials Science in Microelectronics focuses on the first relationship – that between processing and the structure of the thin-film. The state of the thin film’s surface during the period that one monolayer exists - before being buried in the next layer – determines the ultimate structure of the thin film, and thus its properties. This volume takes into consideration the following potential influencing factors: crystal defects, void structure, grain structure, interface structure in epitaxial films, the structure of amorphous films, and reaction-induced structure. An ideal text or reference work for students and researchers in material science, who need to learn the basics of thin films.

Materials Science in Microelectronics II

Materials Science in Microelectronics II Book
Author : Eugene Machlin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-07
ISBN : 9780080460406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The subject matter of thin-films – which play a key role in microelectronics – divides naturally into two headings: the processing / structure relationship, and the structure / properties relationship. Part II of 'Materials Science in Microelectronics' focuses on the latter of these relationships, examining the effect of structure on the following: • Electrical properties • Magnetic properties • Optical properties • Mechanical properties • Mass transport properties • Interface and junction properties • Defects and properties Captures the importance of thin films to microelectronic development Examines the cause / effect relationship of structure on thin film properties

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals Book
Author : Ryan O'Hayre
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-01-12
ISBN : 1118972899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introductory kinetics for the undergrad materials scientist Materials Kinetics Fundamentals is an accessible and interesting introduction to kinetics processes, with a focus on materials systems. Designed for the undergraduate student, this book avoids intense mathematics to present the theory and application of kinetics in a clear, reader-friendly way. Students are first introduced to the fundamental concepts of kinetics, with illustrated diagrams, examples, text boxes, and homework questions that impart a unified, intuitive understanding. Further chapters cover the application of these concepts in the context of materials science, with real-world examples including silicon processing and integrated circuit fabrication, thin-film deposition, carbon-14 dating, steel degassing, energy conversion, and more. Instructor materials including PowerPoint presentations, a test bank, and more are available through the companion website, providing a complete resource for the undergraduate materials science student. At its core, kinetics deals with rates, telling us how fast something will take place – for example, how fast water will evaporate, or how fast molten silicon will solidify. This book is designed to provide students with an introduction to kinetics' underlying principles, without rigorous math to distract from understanding. Understand universally important kinetic concepts like diffusion and reaction rate Model common kinetic processes both quantitatively and qualitatively Learn the mechanisms behind important and interesting materials systems Examine the behaviors, properties, and interactions of relevant solid materials There are a large number of books on chemical kinetics, but there are far fewer that focus on materials kinetics, and virtually none that provide an accessible, introductory-level treatment of the subject. Materials Kinetics Fundamentals fills that need, with clear, detailed explanations of these universal concepts.

Engineering Materials Science

Engineering Materials Science Book
Author : Milton Ohring
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-11-29
ISBN : 9780080505695
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Milton Ohring's Engineering Materials Science integrates the scientific nature and modern applications of all classes of engineering materials. This comprehensive, introductory textbook will provide undergraduate engineering students with the fundamental background needed to understand the science of structure-property relationships, as well as address the engineering concerns of materials selection in design, processing materials into useful products, andhow material degrade and fail in service. Specific topics include: physical and electronic structure; thermodynamics and kinetics; processing; mechanical, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties; degradation; and failure and reliability. The book offers superior coverage of electrical, optical, and magnetic materials than competing text. The author has taught introductory courses in material science and engineering both in academia and industry (AT&T Bell Laboratories) and has also written the well-received book, The Material Science of Thin Films (Academic Press). Key Features * Provides a modern treatment of materials exposing the interrelated themes of structure, properties, processing, and performance * Includes an interactive, computationally oriented, computer disk containing nine modules dealing with structure, phase diagrams, diffusion, and mechanical and electronic properties * Fundamentals are stressed * Of particular interest to students, researchers, and professionals in the field of electronic engineering

An Introduction to Chemical Metallurgy

An Introduction to Chemical Metallurgy Book
Author : R. H. Parker
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1483139212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Introduction to Chemical Metallurgy, Second Edition introduces the reader to chemical metallurgy, including its fundamental principles and some of their applications. References in the text to a date and the author of some law or principle of physical chemistry are given for the sake of historical significance. This book is comprised of eight chapters and opens with an overview of thermodynamics, with particular emphasis on the first law of thermodynamics; the expansion of a gas; thermodynamically reversible changes; applications of thermochemistry in metallurgy; and experimental techniques in calorimetry. The following chapters focus on entropy, free energy, and chemical equilibrium; solutions and reaction kinetics; extraction and refining of metals, including refining by preferential oxidation; and corrosion and electrodeposition. Electrochemistry and interfacial phenomena are also explored, along with surface energy and surface tension, electrolytes and electrolysis, and reduction and oxidation potentials. This monograph is written primarily for chemists and metallurgists as well as students embarking on courses in chemical metallurgy.

Introduction to Computational Materials Science

Introduction to Computational Materials Science Book
Author : Richard LeSar
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-03-28
ISBN : 0521845874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emphasising essential methods and universal principles, this textbook provides everything students need to understand the basics of simulating materials behavior. All the key topics are covered from electronic structure methods to microstructural evolution, appendices provide crucial background material, and a wealth of practical resources are available online to complete the teaching package. Modeling is examined at a broad range of scales, from the atomic to the mesoscale, providing students with a solid foundation for future study and research. Detailed, accessible explanations of the fundamental equations underpinning materials modelling are presented, including a full chapter summarising essential mathematical background. Extensive appendices, including essential background on classical and quantum mechanics, electrostatics, statistical thermodynamics and linear elasticity, provide the background necessary to fully engage with the fundamentals of computational modelling. Exercises, worked examples, computer codes and discussions of practical implementations methods are all provided online giving students the hands-on experience they need.

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering Book
Author : Dennis W. Readey
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-01-27
ISBN : 1482256789
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A pedagogical gem.... Professor Readey replaces ‘black-box’ explanations with detailed, insightful derivations. A wealth of practical application examples and exercise problems complement the exhaustive coverage of kinetics for all material classes." –Prof. Rainer Hebert, University of Connecticut "Prof. Readey gives a grand tour of the kinetics of materials suitable for experimentalists and modellers.... In an easy-to-read and entertaining style, this book leads the reader to fundamental, model-based?understanding of kinetic processes critical to development, fabrication and application of commercially-important soft (polymers, biomaterials), hard (ceramics, metals) and composite materials. It is a must-have for anyone who really wants to understand how to make materials and how they will behave in service." --Prof. Bill Lee, Imperial College London, Fellow of the Royal?Academy of Engineering "A much needed text filing the gap between an introductory course in materials science and advanced materials-specific kinetics courses. Ideal for the undergraduate interested in an in-depth study of kinetics in materials." –Prof. Mark E. Eberhart, Colorado School of Mines This book provides an in-depth introduction to the most important kinetic concepts in materials science, engineering, and processing. All types of materials are addressed, including metals, ceramics, polymers, electronic materials, biomaterials, and composites. The expert author with decades of teaching and practical experience gives a lively and accessible overview, explaining the principles that determine how long it takes to change material properties and make new and better materials. The chapters cover a broad range of topics extending from the heat treatment of steels, the processing of silicon integrated microchips, and the production of cement, to the movement of drugs through the human body. The author explicitly avoids "black box" equations, providing derivations with clear explanations.

Introduction to Materials Science

Introduction to Materials Science Book
Author : Jean-Pierre Mercier,Gérald Zambelli,Wilfried Kurz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9782842992866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The approach of this concise but comprehensive introduction, covering all major classes of materials, is right for not just materials science students and professionals, but also for those in engineering, physics and chemistry, or other related disciplines. The characteristics of all main classes of materials, metals, polymers and ceramics, are explained with reference to real-world examples. So each class of material is described, then its properties are explained, with illustrative examples from the leading edge of application. This edition contains new material on nanomaterials and nanostructures, and includes a study of degradation and corrosion, and a presentation of the main organic composite materials. Illustrative examples include carbon fibres, the silicon crystal, metallic glasses, and diamond films. Applications explored include ultra-light aircraft, contact lenses, dental materials, single crystal blades for gas turbines, use of lasers in the automotive industry, cables for cable cars, permanent magnets and molecular electronic devices. * covers latest materials including nanomaterials and nanostructures * real-world case studies bring the theory to life and illustrate the latest in good design * all major classes of materials are covered in this concise yet comprehensive volume

An Introduction to Mineral Sciences

An Introduction to Mineral Sciences Book
Author : Andrew Putnis
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1992-10-22
ISBN : 9780521429474
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Introduction to Mineral Sciences explains the principles underlying the modern study of minerals.

Electrochemical Techniques in Corrosion Science and Engineering

Electrochemical Techniques in Corrosion Science and Engineering Book
Author : Robert G. Kelly,John R. Scully,David Shoesmith,Rudolph G. Buchheit
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-09-13
ISBN : 0824743229
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the origin, use, and limitations of electrochemical phase diagrams, testing schemes for active, passive, and localized corrosion, the development and electrochemical characterization of passivity, and methods in process alteration, failure prediction, and materials selection. It offers useful guidelines for assessing the efficacy of corrosion inhibitors and coatings for metals and alloys, developing effective corrosion prediction models, calculating the corrosion rates of various materials, determining the resistance of alloys to pitting and crevice corrosion, and considering current and potential distribution effects on corrosion.

An Introduction to Materials Engineering and Science for Chemical and Materials Engineers

An Introduction to Materials Engineering and Science for Chemical and Materials Engineers Book
Author : Brian S. Mitchell
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-01-30
ISBN : 0471473367
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Introduction to Materials Engineering and Science forChemical and Materials Engineers provides a solid background inmaterials engineering and science for chemical and materialsengineering students. This book: Organizes topics on two levels; by engineering subject area andby materials class. Incorporates instructional objectives, active-learningprinciples, design-oriented problems, and web-based information andvisualization to provide a unique educational experience for thestudent. Provides a foundation for understanding the structure andproperties of materials such as ceramics/glass, polymers,composites, bio-materials, as well as metals and alloys. Takes an integrated approach to the subject, rather than a"metals first" approach.

Science of Ceramic Interfaces II

Science of Ceramic Interfaces II Book
Author : J. Nowotny
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 1995-01-13
ISBN : 0080544940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of papers arose from the Proceedings of the International Workshop on Interfaces of Ceramic Materials held in Australia, 1993 and is a continuation of the previous book published under the same title. The objective of the Workshop was to discuss research progress on the chemistry of ceramic interfaces and related industrial aspects. Due to the multidisciplinary character of ceramic interfaces the book contains articles covering several areas of expertise, including ceramics, surface science, solid state electrochemistry, metallurgy and high temperature chemistry. Some technical papers are also included in this volume. Scientists and engineers working in these areas, as well as students in materials science and engineering, will find this book of particular significance.

Polymer Physics

Polymer Physics Book
Author : Wenbing Hu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-11-05
ISBN : 3709106702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A molecular view on the fundamental issues in polymer physics is provided with an aim at students in chemistry, chemical engineering, condensed matter physics and material science courses. An updated translation by the author, a renowned Chinese chemist, it has been proven to be an effective source of learning for many years. Up-to-date developments are reflected throughout the work in this concise presentation of the topic. The author aims at presenting the subject in an efficient manner, which makes this particularly suitable for teaching polymer physics in settings where time is limited, without having to sacrifice the extensive scope that this topic demands.

Basic Materials Studies

Basic Materials Studies Book
Author : P N Peapell,J A Belk
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-01-21
ISBN : 1483106012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

BASIC Materials Studies is a supplement to a variety of materials courses which intends to indicate how simple computer programs, such as Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code (BASIC), can be used to illustrate and clarify materials principles. The book starts by providing an introduction to BASIC including the BASIC approach, the elements and different computers and variants of BASIC, checking programs, and graphic and special commands. Chapter 2 tackles the three aspects of the structure of materials: the arrangement of atoms in crystals; the composition and quantity of phases within the structure; and the microscopical assessment of the distribution of phases in a structure. The book continues by discussing the essential theory and programs of thermodynamics and kinetics of solids; mechanical properties of polymers; and deformation and strength of crystalline materials. The last chapter of the book illustrates the materials available; the variety of their properties; and the combinations of characteristics that are available or impossible to achieve with real materials. Students with only a brief introduction to BASIC or engaged on a variety of vocational and non-vocational materials courses will find this book invaluable.

Introduction to Physical Polymer Science

Introduction to Physical Polymer Science Book
Author : Leslie H. Sperling
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-02
ISBN : 1119103746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Updated Edition of the Classic Text Polymers constitute the basis for the plastics, rubber, adhesives, fiber, and coating industries. The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Physical Polymer Science acknowledges the industrial success of polymers and the advancements made in the field while continuing to deliver the comprehensive introduction to polymer science that made its predecessors classic texts. The Fourth Edition continues its coverage of amorphous and crystalline materials, glass transitions, rubber elasticity, and mechanical behavior, and offers updated discussions of polymer blends, composites, and interfaces, as well as such basics as molecular weight determination. Thus, interrelationships among molecular structure, morphology, and mechanical behavior of polymers continue to provide much of the value of the book. Newly introduced topics include: * Nanocomposites, including carbon nanotubes and exfoliated montmorillonite clays * The structure, motions, and functions of DNA and proteins, as well as the interfaces of polymeric biomaterials with living organisms * The glass transition behavior of nano-thin plastic films In addition, new sections have been included on fire retardancy, friction and wear, optical tweezers, and more. Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, Fourth Edition provides both an essential introduction to the field as well as an entry point to the latest research and developments in polymer science and engineering, making it an indispensable text for chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, and polymer science and engineering students and professionals.

High Pressure Chemistry Biochemistry and Materials Science

High Pressure Chemistry  Biochemistry and Materials Science Book
Author : Roland Winter,J. Jonas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1993
ISBN : 9780792322900
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph, which is the outcome of the ASI on High Pressure Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Materials Science, illustrates new developments in the field of high pressure science. In fact, for chemists, biochemists, and materials scientists, pressure as an experimental variable represents a tool which provides unique information about systems of materials. The main contributions to this volume present overview of the different subfields or applications of high pressure studies. In contrast, contributed papers offer more specialized aspects of various high pressure studies. The various contributions to this volume make clear the impressive range of fundamental and applied problems that can be studied by high pressure techniques, and also point towards a major growth of high pressure science and technology in the near future. The book focuses mainly on advances achieved in the six years since the previous ASI devoted to the high pressure field. The organization of this volume is as follows. The main lectures covering the three main areas of high pressure applications to chemistry, biochemistry, and materials science are followed by contributed papers. A summary of a panel discussion on the future of high pressure science and technology concludes this volume.