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An Introduction To Aspects Of Thermodynamics And Kinetics Relevant To Materials Science

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An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science

An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science Book
Author : Eugene Machlin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-07
ISBN : 9780080549682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is based on a set of notes developed over many years for an introductory course taught to seniors and entering graduate students in materials science. An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science is about the application of thermodynamics and kinetics to solve problems within Materials Science. Emphasis is to provide a physical understanding of the phenomenon under discussion, with the mathematics presented as a guide. The problems are used to provide practice in quantitative application of principles, and also to give examples of applications of the general subject matter to problems having current interest and to emphasize the important physical concepts. End of chapter problems are included, as are references, and bibliography to reinforce the text. This book provides students with the theory and mathematics to understand the important physical understanding of phenomena. Based on a set of notes developed over many years for an introductory course taught to seniors and entering graduate students in materials science Provides students with the theory and mathematics to understand the important physical understanding of phenomena Includes end of chapter problems, references, and bibliography to reinforce the text

Materials Science in Microelctronics III

Materials Science in Microelctronics III Book
Author : Elsevier
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007-02-01
ISBN : 9780080446417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Materials Science in Microelctronics III book written by Elsevier, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Materials Science in Microelectronics I

Materials Science in Microelectronics I Book
Author : Eugene Machlin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-07
ISBN : 9780080459608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thin films play a key role in the material science of microelectronics, and the subject matter of thin-films divides naturally into two headings: processing / structure relationship, and structure / properties relationship. The first volume of Materials Science in Microelectronics focuses on the first relationship – that between processing and the structure of the thin-film. The state of the thin film’s surface during the period that one monolayer exists - before being buried in the next layer – determines the ultimate structure of the thin film, and thus its properties. This volume takes into consideration the following potential influencing factors: crystal defects, void structure, grain structure, interface structure in epitaxial films, the structure of amorphous films, and reaction-induced structure. An ideal text or reference work for students and researchers in material science, who need to learn the basics of thin films.

Materials Science in Microelectronics II

Materials Science in Microelectronics II Book
Author : Eugene Machlin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-07
ISBN : 9780080460406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The subject matter of thin-films – which play a key role in microelectronics – divides naturally into two headings: the processing / structure relationship, and the structure / properties relationship. Part II of 'Materials Science in Microelectronics' focuses on the latter of these relationships, examining the effect of structure on the following: • Electrical properties • Magnetic properties • Optical properties • Mechanical properties • Mass transport properties • Interface and junction properties • Defects and properties Captures the importance of thin films to microelectronic development Examines the cause / effect relationship of structure on thin film properties

The Inorganic Chemistry of Materials

The Inorganic Chemistry of Materials Book
Author : Paul J. van der Put
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1489900950
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

P.J. van der Put offers students an original introduction to materials chemistry that integrates the full range of inorganic chemistry. Technologists who need specific chemical facts to manipulate matter will also find this work invaluable as an easy-to-use reference. The text includes practical subjects of immediate use for materials such as bonding, morphogenesis, and design that more orthodox materials science volumes often leave out.

Handbook of Thermal Process Modeling Steels

Handbook of Thermal Process Modeling Steels Book
Author : Cemil Hakan Gur,Jiansheng Pan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-12-22
ISBN : 1420003585
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Emerging Tool for Pioneering Engineers Co-published by the International Federation of Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering.Thermal processing is a highly precise science that does not easily lend itself to improvements through modeling, as the computations required to attain an accurate prediction of the microstructure and properties of work

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering Book
Author : Dennis W. Readey
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-01-27
ISBN : 1482235676
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A pedagogical gem.... Professor Readey replaces ‘black-box’ explanations with detailed, insightful derivations. A wealth of practical application examples and exercise problems complement the exhaustive coverage of kinetics for all material classes." –Prof. Rainer Hebert, University of Connecticut "Prof. Readey gives a grand tour of the kinetics of materials suitable for experimentalists and modellers.... In an easy-to-read and entertaining style, this book leads the reader to fundamental, model-based understanding of kinetic processes critical to development, fabrication and application of commercially-important soft (polymers, biomaterials), hard (ceramics, metals) and composite materials. It is a must-have for anyone who really wants to understand how to make materials and how they will behave in service." --Prof. Bill Lee, Imperial College London, Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering "A much needed text filing the gap between an introductory course in materials science and advanced materials-specific kinetics courses. Ideal for the undergraduate interested in an in-depth study of kinetics in materials." –Prof. Mark E. Eberhart, Colorado School of Mines This book provides an in-depth introduction to the most important kinetic concepts in materials science, engineering, and processing. All types of materials are addressed, including metals, ceramics, polymers, electronic materials, biomaterials, and composites. The expert author with decades of teaching and practical experience gives a lively and accessible overview, explaining the principles that determine how long it takes to change material properties and make new and better materials. The chapters cover a broad range of topics extending from the heat treatment of steels, the processing of silicon integrated microchips, and the production of cement, to the movement of drugs through the human body. The author explicitly avoids "black box" equations, providing derivations with clear explanations.

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals Book
Author : Ryan O'Hayre
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-01-12
ISBN : 1118972899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introductory kinetics for the undergrad materials scientist Materials Kinetics Fundamentals is an accessible and interesting introduction to kinetics processes, with a focus on materials systems. Designed for the undergraduate student, this book avoids intense mathematics to present the theory and application of kinetics in a clear, reader-friendly way. Students are first introduced to the fundamental concepts of kinetics, with illustrated diagrams, examples, text boxes, and homework questions that impart a unified, intuitive understanding. Further chapters cover the application of these concepts in the context of materials science, with real-world examples including silicon processing and integrated circuit fabrication, thin-film deposition, carbon-14 dating, steel degassing, energy conversion, and more. Instructor materials including PowerPoint presentations, a test bank, and more are available through the companion website, providing a complete resource for the undergraduate materials science student. At its core, kinetics deals with rates, telling us how fast something will take place – for example, how fast water will evaporate, or how fast molten silicon will solidify. This book is designed to provide students with an introduction to kinetics' underlying principles, without rigorous math to distract from understanding. Understand universally important kinetic concepts like diffusion and reaction rate Model common kinetic processes both quantitatively and qualitatively Learn the mechanisms behind important and interesting materials systems Examine the behaviors, properties, and interactions of relevant solid materials There are a large number of books on chemical kinetics, but there are far fewer that focus on materials kinetics, and virtually none that provide an accessible, introductory-level treatment of the subject. Materials Kinetics Fundamentals fills that need, with clear, detailed explanations of these universal concepts.

Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Materials Science

Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Materials Science Book
Author : Boris S. Bokstein,Mikhail I. Mendelev,David J. Srolovitz
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2005-06-30
ISBN : 9780198528043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a concise and thorough introduction to the concepts and applications of thermodynamics and kinetics, suitable for a 1-2 semester course for upper-level undergraduates or first year graduate students in a materials-science-oriented discipline. It can also be used as a self-study guide, containing computer-based self-tests and "laboratories."

An Introduction to Chemical Metallurgy

An Introduction to Chemical Metallurgy Book
Author : R. H. Parker
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1483139212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Introduction to Chemical Metallurgy, Second Edition introduces the reader to chemical metallurgy, including its fundamental principles and some of their applications. References in the text to a date and the author of some law or principle of physical chemistry are given for the sake of historical significance. This book is comprised of eight chapters and opens with an overview of thermodynamics, with particular emphasis on the first law of thermodynamics; the expansion of a gas; thermodynamically reversible changes; applications of thermochemistry in metallurgy; and experimental techniques in calorimetry. The following chapters focus on entropy, free energy, and chemical equilibrium; solutions and reaction kinetics; extraction and refining of metals, including refining by preferential oxidation; and corrosion and electrodeposition. Electrochemistry and interfacial phenomena are also explored, along with surface energy and surface tension, electrolytes and electrolysis, and reduction and oxidation potentials. This monograph is written primarily for chemists and metallurgists as well as students embarking on courses in chemical metallurgy.

Kinetics of Materials

Kinetics of Materials Book
Author : Robert W. Balluffi,Sam Allen,W. Craig Carter
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2005-12-16
ISBN : 0471749303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A classroom-tested textbook providing a fundamental understandingof basic kinetic processes in materials This textbook, reflecting the hands-on teaching experience of itsthree authors, evolved from Massachusetts Institute of Technology'sfirst-year graduate curriculum in the Department of MaterialsScience and Engineering. It discusses key topics collectivelyrepresenting the basic kinetic processes that cause changes in thesize, shape, composition, and atomistic structure of materials.Readers gain a deeper understanding of these kinetic processes andof the properties and applications of materials. Topics are introduced in a logical order, enabling students todevelop a solid foundation before advancing to more sophisticatedtopics. Kinetics of Materials begins with diffusion, offering adescription of the elementary manner in which atoms and moleculesmove around in solids and liquids. Next, the more complex motion ofdislocations and interfaces is addressed. Finally, still morecomplex kinetic phenomena, such as morphological evolution andphase transformations, are treated. Throughout the textbook, readers are instilled with an appreciationof the subject's analytic foundations and, in many cases, theapproximations commonly used in the field. The authors offer manyextensive derivations of important results to help illuminate theirorigins. While the principal focus is on kinetic phenomena incrystalline materials, select phenomena in noncrystalline materialsare also discussed. In many cases, the principles involved apply toall materials. Exercises with accompanying solutions are provided throughoutKinetics of Materials, enabling readers to put their newfoundknowledge into practice. In addition, bibliographies are offeredwith each chapter, helping readers to investigate specializedtopics in greater detail. Several appendices presenting importantbackground material are also included. With its unique range of topics, progressive structure, andextensive exercises, this classroom-tested textbook provides anenriching learning experience for first-year graduate students.

Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter

Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter Book
Author : Anatoly I. Burshtein
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-07-11
ISBN : 3527618120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Imparts the similarities and differences between ratified and condensed matter, classical and quantum systems as well as real and ideal gases. Presents the quasi-thermodynamic theory of gas-liquid interface and its application for density profile calculation within the van der Waals theory of surface tension. Uses inductive logic to lead readers from observation and facts to personal interpretation and from specific conclusions to general ones.

Principles Of Classical Thermodynamics Applied To Materials Science

Principles Of Classical Thermodynamics  Applied To Materials Science Book
Author : Didier De Fontaine
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2019-06-04
ISBN : 9813222700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to present Classical Thermodynamics in a unified way, from the most fundamental principles to non-uniform systems, thereby requiring the introduction of coarse graining methods, leading for instance to phase field methods. Solutions thermodynamics and temperature-concentration phase diagrams are covered, plus also a brief introduction to statistical thermodynamics and topological disorder. The Landau theory is included along with a general treatment of multicomponent instabilities in various types of thermodynamic applications, including phase separation and order-disorder transitions. Nucleation theory and spinodal decomposition are presented as extreme cases of a single approach involving the all-important role of fluctuations.In this way, it is hoped that this coverage will reconcile in a unified manner techniques generally presented separately in physics and materials texts.

Fundamentals of Materials Science

Fundamentals of Materials Science Book
Author : Eric J. Mittemeijer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-08-17
ISBN : 9783030600556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook offers a strong introduction to the fundamental concepts of materials science. It conveys the quintessence of this interdisciplinary field, distinguishing it from merely solid-state physics and solid-state chemistry, using metals as model systems to elucidate the relation between microstructure and materials properties. Mittemeijer's Fundamentals of Materials Science provides a consistent treatment of the subject matter with a special focus on the microstructure-property relationship. Richly illustrated and thoroughly referenced, it is the ideal adoption for an entire undergraduate, and even graduate, course of study in materials science and engineering. It delivers a solid background against which more specialized texts can be studied, covering the necessary breadth of key topics such as crystallography, structure defects, phase equilibria and transformations, diffusion and kinetics, and mechanical properties. The success of the first edition has led to this updated and extended second edition, featuring detailed discussion of electron microscopy, supermicroscopy and diffraction methods, an extended treatment of diffusion in solids, and a separate chapter on phase transformation kinetics. “In a lucid and masterly manner, the ways in which the microstructure can affect a host of basic phenomena in metals are described.... By consistently staying with the postulated topic of the microstructure - property relationship, this book occupies a singular position within the broad spectrum of comparable materials science literature .... it will also be of permanent value as a reference book for background refreshing, not least because of its unique annotated intermezzi; an ambitious, remarkable work.” G. Petzow in International Journal of Materials Research. “The biggest strength of the book is the discussion of the structure-property relationships, which the author has accomplished admirably.... In a nutshell, the book should not be looked at as a quick ‘cook book’ type text, but as a serious, critical treatise for some significant time to come.” G.S. Upadhyaya in Science of Sintering. “The role of lattice defects in deformation processes is clearly illustrated using excellent diagrams . Included are many footnotes, ‘Intermezzos’, ‘Epilogues’ and asides within the text from the author’s experience. This ..... soon becomes valued for the interesting insights into the subject and shows the human side of its history. Overall this book provides a refreshing treatment of this important subject and should prove a useful addition to the existing text books available to undergraduate and graduate students and researchers in the field of materials science.” M. Davies in Materials World.

Engineering Materials Science

Engineering Materials Science Book
Author : Milton Ohring
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9780125249959
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Milton Ohring's Engineering Materials Science integrates the scientific nature and modern applications of all classes of engineering materials. This comprehensive, introductory textbook will provide undergraduate engineering students with the fundamental background needed to understand the science of structure–property relationships, as well as address the engineering concerns of materials selection in design, processing materials into useful products, andhow material degrade and fail in service. Specific topics include: physical and electronic structure; thermodynamics and kinetics; processing; mechanical, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties; degradation; and failure and reliability. The book offers superior coverage of electrical, optical, and magnetic materials than competing text.The author has taught introductory courses in material science and engineering both in academia and industry (AT&T Bell Laboratories) and has also written the well-received book, The Material Science of Thin Films (Academic Press).

Recent Progress in Diffusion Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Intermetallic Compounds

Recent Progress in Diffusion Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Intermetallic Compounds Book
Author : Rafal Abdank-Kozubski
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-09-26
ISBN : 3038266493
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fascinating development of materials science which nowadays definitely involves the previously side-lined basic research within physics and chemistry has led to a number of innovative technologies of new materials. Despite many hopes and even successes in replacing traditional metallic materials by, for example, polymers or composites, the former materials are not only still widely used but are also making a 'come back'. As an example, intermetallic phases are enjoying an ever increasing interest as either functional or high-temperature structural materials and are prominent in this development. The present volume responds to the above trends by presenting a series of 7 extended articles devoted to diverse aspects of diffusion in intermetallic phases studied both experimentally and theoretically. The opening chapter gives an overview on the subject matter and focuses on binary intermetallics. It is followed by two works presenting results obtained by means of two particular promising experimental methods that allow the observation of diffusion phenomena in terms of individual acts of atomic migration. Diffusion in nanostructured intermetallic materials is addressed in the following two contributions which discuss a hot topic of diffusion-controlled solid-state reactions including self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS). Elucidation and interpretation of the experimental results is proposed in terms of analytical calculations, as well as of atomistic simulations. The final two chapters of the volume are devoted to two particular diffusion-controlled phenomena observed in Ni-Al - an intermetallic recently being of both technological and basic interest. The first of these presents a thorough theoretical study of thermotransport in liquid NiAl while the closing chapter reports on an atomistic simulation study of ordering phenomena in NiAl that is fundamentally controlled by vacancy thermodynamics.

Materials Science in Photocatalysis

Materials Science in Photocatalysis Book
Author : Elisa I. Garcia Lopez,Leonardo Palmisano
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-27
ISBN : 0128218606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials Science in Photocatalysis provides a complete overview of the different semiconductor materials, from titania to third-generation photocatalysts, examining the increasing complexity and novelty of the materials science in photocatalytic materials. The book describes the most recommended synthesis procedure for each of them and the suitable characterization techniques for determining the optical, structural, morphological, and physical-chemical properties. The most suitable applications of the photocatalysts are described in detail, as well as their environmental applications for wastewater treatment, gaseous effluents depollution, water splitting, CO2 ?xation, selective organic synthesis, coupling reactions, and other selective transformations under both UV light and visible-light irradiation. This book offers a useful reference for a wide audience from students studying chemical engineering and materials chemistry to experienced researchers working on chemical engineering, materials science, materials engineering, environment engineering, nanotechnology, and green chemistry. • Includes a complete overview of the different semiconductor materials used as photocatalysts • Describes methods of preparation and characterization of photocatalysts and their applications • Examines new possibilities to prepare effective photocatalysts