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An Integration Of Phycoremediation Processes In Wastewater Treatment

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An Integration of Phycoremediation Processes in Wastewater Treatment

An Integration of Phycoremediation Processes in Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah,Susana Rodriguez-Couto,Celia Bertha Vargas De La Cruz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-15
ISBN : 9780128234990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Integration of Phycoremediation Processes in Wastewater Treatment reviews the potential of microalgae to treat wastewater containing highly recalcitrant compounds whose degradation is not achieved by the conventional existing treatments. In addition, the book describes how the microalgae collected after wastewater treatment can be used for obtaining added-value products, hence closing the loop and contributing to a circular economy. Finally, the technoeconomical aspects of this green technology are addressed, along with the design and development of photobioreactors, genetic aspects, metagenomics and metabolomics. Deals with emerging aspects of algal research, with a special reference to phycoremediation Covers diversity, mutations, genomics, metagenomics, eco-physiology, culturing, microalgae for food and feed, biofuel production, harvesting of microalgae, separation and purification of biochemicals Describes the techno-economical assessment, microalgal biotechnology and algal-bacterial systems for wastewater treatment Presents complex issues associated with cutting-edge biotechnological tools and techniques like next-generation sequencing methods, metabolomics and bioreactor design and development

Application of Microalgae in Wastewater Treatment

Application of Microalgae in Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Sanjay Kumar Gupta,Faizal Bux
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-23
ISBN : 3030139131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This two-volume work presents comprehensive, accurate information on the present status and contemporary development in phycoremediation of various types of domestic and industrial wastewaters. The volume covers a mechanistic understanding of microalgae based treatment of wastewaters, including current challenges in the treatment of various organic and inorganic pollutants, and future opportunities of bioremediation of wastewater and industrial effluents on an algal platform. The editors compile the work of authors from around the globe, providing insight on key issues and state-of-the-art developments in algal bioremediation that is missing from the currently available body of literature. The volume hopes to serve as a much needed resource for professors, researchers and scientists interested in microalgae applications for wastewater treatment. Volume 1 focuses on the different aspects of domestic and industrial wastewater treatment by microalgae. The case studies include examples such as genetic technologies as well as the development and efficient use of designer consortia for enhanced utilization of microalgae. This volume provides thorough and comprehensive information on removal of persistent and highly toxic contaminants such as heavy metals, organic pesticides, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, endocrine disruptors, pharmaceutical compounds, and dyes from wastewater by microalgae, diatoms, and blue-green algae. Design considerations for algal ponds and efficient use of photobioreactors and HRAPs for wastewater treatment are some other highlights. This volume addresses the applications, potentials, and future opportunities for these various considerations in water pollution mitigation using algal technologies.

Phytoremediation Potential of Bioenergy Plants

Phytoremediation Potential of Bioenergy Plants Book
Author : Kuldeep Bauddh,Bhaskar Singh,John Korstad
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-29
ISBN : 9811030847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The globally escalating population necessitates production of more goods and services to fulfil the expanding demands of human beings which resulted in urbanization and industrialization. Uncontrolled industrialization caused two major problems – energy crisis and accelerated environmental pollution throughout the world. Presently, there are technologies which have been proposed or shown to tackle both the problems. Researchers continue to seek more cost effective and environmentally beneficial pathways for problem solving. Plant kingdom comprises of species which have the potential to resolve the couple problem of pollution and energy. Plants are considered as a potential feedstock for development of renewable energy through biofuels. Another important aspect of plants is their capacity to sequester carbon dioxide and absorb, degrade, and stabilize environmental pollutants such as heavy metals, poly-aromatic hydrocarbons, poly-aromatic biphenyls, radioactive materials, and other chemicals. Thus, plants may be used to provide renewable energy generation and pollution mitigation. An approach that could amalgamate the two aspects can be achieved through phytoremediation (using plants to clean up polluted soil and water), and subsequent generation of energy from the phyto-remediator plants. This would be a major advance in achieving sustainability that focuses on optimizing ‘people’ (social issues), ‘planet’ (environmental issues), and ‘profit’ (financial issues). The “Phytoremediation-Cellulosic Biofuels” (PCB) process will be socially beneficial through reducing pollution impacts on people, ecologically beneficial through pollution abatement, and economically viable through providing revenue that supplies an energy source that is renewable and also provides less dependence on importing foreign energy (energy-independence). The utilization of green plants for pollution remediation and energy production will also tackle some other important global concerns like global climate change, ocean acidification, and land degradation through carbon sequestration, reduced emissions of other greenhouse gases, restoration of degraded lands and waters, and more. This book addresses the overall potential of major plants that have the potential to fulfil the dual purposes of phytoremediation and energy generation. The non-edible bioenergy plants that are explored for this dual objective include Jatropha curcas, Ricinus communis, Leucaena leucocephalla, Milletia pinnata, Canabis sativa, Azadirachta indica, and Acacia nilotica. The book addresses all possible aspects of phyto-remediaton and energy generation in a holistic way. The contributors are one of most authoritative experts in the field and have covered and compiled the best content most comprehensively. The book is going to be extremely useful for researchers in the area, research students, academicians and also for policy makers for an inclusive understanding and assessment of potential in plant kingdom to solve the dual problem of energy and pollution.

Algal Biorefinery An Integrated Approach

Algal Biorefinery  An Integrated Approach Book
Author : Debabrata Das
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-30
ISBN : 3319228137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book critically discusses different aspects of algal production systems and several of the drawbacks related to microalgal biomass production, namely, low biomass yield, and energy-consuming harvesting, dewatering, drying and extraction processes. These provide a background to the state-of-the-art technologies for algal cultivation, CO2 sequestration, and large-scale application of these systems. In order to tap the commercial potential of algae, a biorefinery concept has been proposed that could help to extract maximum benefits from algal biomass. This refinery concept promotes the harvesting of multiple products from the feedstock so as to make the process economically attractive. For the last few decades, algal biomass has been explored for use in various products such as fuel, agricultural crops, pigments and pharmaceuticals, as well as in bioremediation. To meet the huge demand, there has been a focus on large-scale production of algal biomass in closed or open photobioreactors. Different nutritional conditions for algal growth have been explored, such as photoautotrophic, heterotrophic, mixotrophic and oleaginous. This book is aimed at a wide audience, including undergraduates, postgraduates, academics, energy researchers, scientists in industry, energy specialists, policy makers and others who wish to understand algal biorefineries and also keep abreast of the latest developments.

Biotechnological Applications of Microalgae

Biotechnological Applications of Microalgae Book
Author : Faizal Bux
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-05-22
ISBN : 1466515295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microalgae are an invaluable biomass source with potential uses that could lead to environmental and economic benefits for society. Biotechnological Applications of Microalgae: Biodiesel and Value Added Products presents the latest developments and recent research trends with a focus on potential biotechnologically related uses of microalgae. It gives an analysis of microalgal biology, ecology, biotechnology, and biofuel production capacity as well as a thorough discussion on the value added products that can be generated from diverse microalgae. The book provides a detailed discussion of microalgal strain selection for biodiesel production, a key factor in successful microalgal cultivation and generation of desired biofuel products. It also describes microalagal enumeration methods, harvesting and dewatering techniques, and the design, and the pros and cons, of the two most common methods for cultivation—open raceway ponds and photobioreactors. Chapters cover lipid extraction and identification, chemical and biological methods for transesterification of microalgal lipids, and procedures involved in life cycle analysis of microalgae. They also examine the importance of microalgal cultivation for climate change abatement through CO2 sequestration and microalgae involvement in phycoremediation of domestic and industrial wastewaters. The book concludes with a general discussion of microalgal biotechnology and its potential as a modern "green gold rush." The final chapter provides an overview of advanced techniques such as genetic engineering of microalgae to increase lipid yield. This book provides a one-stop benchmark reference on microalgal biotechnology, considering all aspects, from microalgal screening to production of biofuels and other value added products.

Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation Book
Author : Abid Ali Ansari,Sarvajeet Singh Gill,Ritu Gill,Guy R. Lanza,Lee Newman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-03
ISBN : 3319109693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text details the plant-assisted remediation method, “phytoremediation”, which involves the interaction of plant roots and associated rhizospheric microorganisms for the remediation of soil contaminated with high levels of metals, pesticides, solvents, radionuclides, explosives, crude oil, organic compounds and various other contaminants. Each chapter highlights and compares the beneficial and economical alternatives of phytoremediation to currently practiced soil removal and burial practices. This book covers state of the art approaches in Phytoremediation written by leading and eminent scientists from around the globe. Phytoremediation: Management of Environmental Contaminants, Volume 1 supplies its readers with a multidisciplinary understanding in the principal and practical approaches of phytoremediation from laboratory research to field application.

Bioremediation of Industrial Waste for Environmental Safety

Bioremediation of Industrial Waste for Environmental Safety Book
Author : Ram Naresh Bharagava,Gaurav Saxena
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-08
ISBN : 9811334269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Achieving environmental sustainability with rapid industrialization is currently a major global challenge. Industries are the key economic drivers, but are also the main polluters as untreated/partially treated effluents from industry are usually discharged into the aquatic environment or dumped. Industrial effluents often contain highly toxic and hazardous pollutants, which cause ecological damage and present and health hazards to living beings. As such, there is a pressing need to find ecofriendly solutions to deal with industrial waste, and to develop sustainable methods for treating/detoxifying waste before it’s released into the environment. As a low cost and eco-friendly clean technology, bioremediation can offer a sustainable alternative to conventional remediation technologies for the treatment and management of industrial wastes. This book (Volume II) describes the role of biological agents in the degradation and detoxification of organic and inorganic pollutants in industrial wastes, and presents recent bioremediation approaches for waste treatment and management, such as constructed wetlands, electro- bioremediation and nano-bioremediation, as well as microbial fuel cells. It appeals to students, researchers, scientists, industry professionals and experts in the field of microbiology, biotechnology, environmental sciences, eco-toxicology, environmental remediation and waste management and other relevant areas who are interested in biodegradation and bioremediation of industrial wastes for environmental safety.

Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation Book
Author : Abid A. Ansari,Sarvajeet Singh Gill,Ritu Gill,Guy R. Lanza,Lee Newman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-02
ISBN : 3319996517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text details the plant-assisted remediation method, “phytoremediation”, which involves the interaction of plant roots and associated rhizospheric microorganisms for the remediation of soil contaminated with high levels of metals, metalloids, fuel and oil hydrocarbons, nano particles, pesticides, solvents, organic compounds and various other contaminants. Many chapters highlight and compare the efficiency and economic advantages of phytoremediation and nano-phytoremediation to currently practiced soil and water treatment practices. Volume 6 of Phytoremediation: Management of Environmental Contaminants continues the series. Taken together, the six volumes provide a broad–based global synopsis of the current applications of phytoremediation using plants and the microbial communities associated with their roots to decontaminate terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.

Application of Phytotechnologies for Cleanup of Industrial Agricultural and Wastewater Contamination

Application of Phytotechnologies for Cleanup of Industrial  Agricultural and Wastewater Contamination Book
Author : Peter A. Kulakow,Valentina V. Pidlisnyuk
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-11-03
ISBN : 9048135915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As government and community leaders, private companies, citizens, and applied scientists search for low-cost methods to cleanup environmental pollution, phytotechnologies can contribute to the solution by utilizing natural processes to reduce environmental risk. Phytotechnologies use vegetation to manage environmental contaminants in soil, surface water, and groundwater based on site-specific design considerations that can save 50 to 75 percent of the capital and operating costs compared to conventional remediation and containment technologies. Successful phytotechnology applications are based on scientific knowledge of plant physiology, chemical contaminants, climate, and soil conditions. This book presents current research findings that address soil and water contamination with obsolete pesticides, radionuclides and other inorganic and organic contaminants. This book documents international sharing of information by scientists and stakeholders seeking to use the best available information: to disseminate existing knowledge on phytotechnologies and exchange experience of field-scale applications for cleanup of industrial, agricultural, and wastewater contamination, to assess existing knowledge and identify research needs and directions for future work especially in regard to environmental management in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and to promote collaboration between different countries in preparing applications for environmental remediation and restoration.

Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies

Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies Book
Author : Xuan-Thanh Bui,Chart Chiemchaisri,Takahiro Fujioka,Sunita Varjani
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-07
ISBN : 9811332592
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses major technological advances in the treatment and re-use of wastewater. Its focus is on both novel treatment strategies and the modifications and adaptions of conventional processes to optimize the treatment of a complex variety of pollutants, including organic matter, chemicals and micropollutants in different water resources, as well as the integration of water treatment with bioelectricity production. Written by leading researchers in the field, it will be of interest to a wide range of researchers in both industry and academia.

Bioremediation and Phytoremediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds

Bioremediation and Phytoremediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds Book
Author : Godage B. Wickramanayake
Publisher :
Release : 2000
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

- Potential Electron Donors- Bioremediation Microcosm and Laboratory Studies- Bioremediation of MTBE- Field Applications of Enhanced Reductive Dechlorination of Chlorinated Solvents- Aerobic/Anaerobic Mechanisms- Bioaugmentation and Biomonitoring- Cometabolic Processes- Phytoremediation.

Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook

Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook Book
Author : Chang H. Oh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-06-27
ISBN : 1420036459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many books have been written on hazardous waste and nuclear waste separately, but none have combined the two subjects into one single-volume resource. Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook covers the technologies, characteristics, and regulation of both hazardous chemical wastes and radioactive wastes. It provides an overview of recent waste technologies. A reference for scientists and engineers, the handbook focuses on waste-related thermal and non-thermal technologies, separation techniques, and stabilization technologies. It includes information on the DOE and DOD waste matrix located at various sites. It reveals current R&D activities in each technology and what improvements can be made in the future. A detailed schematic diagram illustrates each technology so that the process can be explicitly understood. In addition, the handbook covers relative life-cycle cost estimates for treatment systems using various technologies. With contributions from an international panel and extensively peer-reviewed, Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook provides the latest information on waste remediation technologies and related regulations. Often in the field you will encounter more than one type of hazardous waste. This handbook gives you the design information you need to decide which technology to use and how to design the equipment for your particular needs. You can then incorporate appropriate technologies into a mixed waste treatment system.

Algal Biofuels

Algal Biofuels Book
Author : Sanjay Kumar Gupta,Anushree Malik,Faizal Bux
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-26
ISBN : 331951010X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume focuses on comprehensive state-of-the-art information about the practical aspects of cultivation, harvesting, biomass processing and biofuel production from algae. Chapters cover topics such as synthetic ecological engineering approaches towards sustainable production of biofuel feedstock, and algal biofuel production processes using wastewater. Readers will also discover more about the role of biotechnological engineering in improving ecophysiology, biomass and lipid yields. Particular attention is given to opportunities of commercialization of algal biofuels that provides a realistic assessment of various techno-economical aspects of pilot scale algal biofuel production. The authors also explore the pre-treatment of biomass, catalytic conversion of algal lipids and hydrothermal liquefaction with the biorefinery approach in detail. In a nut shell, this volume will provide a wealth of information based on a realistic evaluation of contemporary developments in algal biofuel research with an emphasis on pilot scale studies. Researchers studying and working in the areas of environmental science, biotechnology, genetic engineering and biochemistry will find this work instructive and informative.

Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2002
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Phytoremediation has proved to be a quite reliable option, based on the properties of plants to accumulate pollutants in their roots and leaves; its application has also been shown to be more economical than other options. Although the practice has some limitations, it is becoming more popular due to its benefits in different countries. This booklet offers readers a general overview of the different aspects involved in the phytoremediation process, as well as coverage of some of its benefits and limitations. "--UNEP.

Phytoremediation of Environmental Pollutants

Phytoremediation of Environmental Pollutants Book
Author : Ram Chandra,N.K. Dubey,Vineet Kumar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-14
ISBN : 1351665626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phytoremediation aids to augment bioremediation as it uses broad range plants to remediate soil, sediment, surface water and ground water that have been contaminated with toxic metals, organic, pesticides and radionuclides. This book serves to disseminate detailed up to date knowledge regarding the various aspects of phytoremediation and plant-microbe interaction. The book highlights process and molecular mechanisms for industrial waste detoxification during phytoremediation in wetland plants, role of endophytic bacteria for phytoremediation of environmental pollutants, constructed wetland treatment system for treatment and recycling of hazardous wastewater, amongst other relevant topics. Key Features: Focuses on phytoremediation process for different pollutants, mainly heavy metal detoxification in the presence of other co-pollutants. Includes plant-soil-microbe interactions in phytoremediations and remediation of contaminated water. Explores life cycle assessment of industrial waste contaminated site with organic pollutants. Discusses hyperaccumulator versus non-hyperaccumulator plants for environmental waste management. Includes bacterial assisted phytoremediation and siderophore formation in specific environmental conditions.

Constructed Wetlands for Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Constructed Wetlands for Industrial Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Alexandros I. Stefanakis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-08-20
ISBN : 1119268346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A groundbreaking book on the application of the economic and environmentally effective treatment of industrial wastewater Constructed Wetlands for Industrial Wastewater Treatment contains a review of the state-of-the-art applications of constructed wetland technology for industrial wastewater treatment. This green technology offers many economic, environmental, and societal advantages. The text examines the many unique uses and the effectiveness of constructed wetlands for the treatment of complex and heavily polluted wastewater from various industrial sources. The editor — a noted expert in the field — and the international author team (93 authors from 22 countries) present vivid examples of the current state of constructed wetlands in the industrial sector. The text is filled with international case studies and research outcomes and covers a wide range of applications of these sustainable systems including facilities such as the oil and gas industry, agro-industries, paper mills, pharmaceutical industry, textile industry, winery, brewery, sludge treatment and much more. The book reviews the many system setups, examines the different removal and/or transformational processes of the various pollutants and explores the overall effectiveness of this burgeoning technology. This important resource: Offers the first, groundbreaking text on constructed wetlands use for industrial wastewater treatment Provides a single reference with summarized information and the state-of-the-art knowledge of the use of Constructed Wetlands in the industrial sector through case studies, research outcomes and review chapters Covers a range of industrial applications such as hydrocarbons/oil and gas industry, food and beverage, wood and leather processing, agro-industries, pharmaceuticals and many others Includes best practices drawn by a collection of international case studies Presents the latest technological developments in the industry Written for civil and environmental engineers, sustainable wastewater/water managers in industry and government, Constructed Wetlands for Industrial Wastewater Treatment is the first book to offer a comprehensive review of the set-up and effectiveness of constructed wetlands for a wide range of industrial applications to highlight the diverse economic and environmental benefits this technology brings to the industry.

Advances in Environmental Technologies III

Advances in Environmental Technologies III Book
Author : Ji Zhao,Aijie Wang,Xin Yong Li,Xiao Yi Wang
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-06-18
ISBN : 3038265187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 International Conference on Energy and Environmental Protection (ICEEP 2014), April 26-28, 2014, Xi'an, China. The 805 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Environmental Materials and Processes, Chapter 2: Environmental Chemistry and Technology, Chapter 3: Environmental Bioresearch, Chapter 4: Sound, Noise and Vibration Control, Chapter 5: Environmental Safety and Health, Chapter 6: Environmental Analysis, Modeling and Monitoring, Chapter 7: Environmental Planning and Assessment, Chapter 8: Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, Chapter 9: Environmental Restoration Project, Chapter 10: Pollution Control Project, Removal and Treatment Technologies, Chapter 11: Waste Disposal and Recycling, Chapter 12: Hydrology and Water Resources Research, Chapter 13: Water Supply and Drainage Engineering, Chapter 14: Forest Cultivation, Soil and Water Conservation and Desertification Control, Chapter 15: Geographic Information Science, Chapter 16: Cleaner Production Processes and Water Purification, Chapter 17: Land Resources, Environment and Urban Planning, Chapter 18: Architectural Environment, Environment and Eco-Planning

Bioremediation Applications for Environmental Protection and Management

Bioremediation  Applications for Environmental Protection and Management Book
Author : Sunita J. Varjani,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Edgard Gnansounou,Baskar Gurunathan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-11
ISBN : 9811074852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines bioremediation technologies as a tool for environmental protection and management. It provides global perspectives on recent advances in the bioremediation of various environmental pollutants. Topics covered include comparative analysis of bio-gas electrification from anaerobic digesters, mathematical modeling in bioremediation, the evaluation of next-generation sequencing technologies for environmental monitoring in wastewater abatement; and the impact of diverse wastewater remediation techniques such as the use of nanofibers, microbes and genetically modified organisms; bioelectrochemical treatment; phytoremediation; and biosorption strategies. The book is targeted at scientists and researchers working in the field of bioremediation.

The Role of Microalgae in Wastewater Treatment

The Role of Microalgae in Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Lala Behari Sukla,Enketeswara Subudhi,Debabrata Pradhan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-03
ISBN : 9811315868
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with the most emerging aspects of algal research with special reference to microalgae viz; diversity, mutations, genomics and metagenomics study, eco-physiology, culturing, microalgae for food and feed, biofuel production, harvesting of microalgae, separation, and purification of biochemicals, techno-economical assessment, microalgal biotechnology, algal-bacterial systems for wastewater treatment. It describes the complex issues associated with the above-mentioned areas with the intervention of cutting-edge biotechnological tools and techniques like next-generation sequencing methods, metabolomics, and bioreactor design and development. The chapters provide past developments, current information and future prospects of algal technology as an alternate avenue for waste water treatment and its potential for production of biofuel and nutraceuticals.