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Amorphous Chalcogenides

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Amorphous Chalcogenides

Amorphous Chalcogenides Book
Author : Victor I. Mikla,Victor V. Mikla
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-09-23
ISBN : 0123884349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Amorphous chalcogenide semiconductors have commercial value and have many uses such as image formation, including x-rays, and high-definition TV pick up tubes. They have widespread application in the microelectronics industry and amorphous metallic alloys also have useful magnetic properties. This book focuses on their imaging applications and related properties. It examines the two groups of amorphous semiconductors that are of most commercial interest: the chalcogenide glasses the tetrahedrally bonded amorphous solids such as amorphous silicon, germanium and related alloys Both of these groups may be conveniently prepared in the form of thin/thick films which is of considerable importance in applications where large-area coverage of flat or curved surfaces of rigid or flexible materials is desirable such as in photovoltaic arrays, X-Ray sensors, display screens and photocopier drums. Provides information on the amorphous semiconductors that are of most commercial interest Presents the history of the commercial applications, the latest developments and future possibilities

Amorphous Chalcogenides

Amorphous Chalcogenides Book
Author : Rong Ping Wang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-03-05
ISBN : 9814411302
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the chalcogenide glass science and various applications based on the glasses. It starts with a review on the glass-forming ability of various systems, followed by a discussion on the structural and physical properties of various chalcolgenide glasses and their application in integrated optics. The chapters have been contributed by prominent experts from all over the world, and therefore, the book presents the recent research advances in the area. This book will appeal to anyone who is involved in glass science and technology and glass application.

Amorphous Chalcogenide Semiconductors and Related Materials

Amorphous Chalcogenide Semiconductors and Related Materials Book
Author : Keiji Tanaka,Koichi Shimakawa
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-01
ISBN : 3030695980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides introductory, comprehensive, and concise descriptions of amorphous chalcogenide semiconductors and related materials. It includes comparative portraits of the chalcogenide and related materials including amorphous hydrogenated Si, oxide and halide glasses, and organic polymers. It also describes effects of non-equilibrium disorder, in comparison with those in crystalline semiconductors.

Metastable States in Amorphous Chalcogenide Semiconductors

Metastable States in Amorphous Chalcogenide Semiconductors Book
Author : Victor I. Mikla,Victor V. Mikla
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-24
ISBN : 9783642027451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents experimental results on the structural and electronic metastable states in Se-rich chalcogenides. Coverage includes states in the mobility gap, structural transformation, photocrystallization, and many potential related applications.

Chalcogenides

Chalcogenides Book
Author : Alexander V. Kolobov,Junji Tominaga
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-22
ISBN : 3642287050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A state-of-the-art description of metastability observed in chalcogenide alloys is presented with the accent on the underlying physics. A comparison is made between sulphur(selenium)-based chalcogenide glasses, where numerous photo-induced phenomena take place entirely within the amorphous phase, and tellurides where a reversible crystal-to-amorphous phase-change transformation is a major effect. Applications of metastability in devices¿optical memories and nonvolatile electronic phase-change random-access memories among others are discussed, including the latest trends. Background material essential for understanding current research in the field is also provided.

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass I

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass I Book
Author : Robert Fairman,Boris Ushkov
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2004-05-10
ISBN : 9780080525266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chalcogenide glass is made up of many elements from the Chalcogenide group. The glass is transparent to infrared light and is useful as a semiconductor in many electronic devices. For example, chalcogenide glass fibers are a component of devices used to perform laser surgery. This book is a comprehensive survey of the current state of science and technology in the field of chalcogenide semiconductor glasses. While the majority of the book deals with properties of chalcogenide glass, chapters also deal with industrial applications, synthesis and purification of chalcogenide glass, and glass structural modification. The first individual or collective monograph written by Eastern European scientists known to Western readers regarding structural and chemical changes in chalcogenide vitreous semiconductors(CVS) Chapters written by B.G. Kolomiets who discovered the properties of chalcogenide glass in 1955 Provides evidence and discussion for problems discussed by authors from opposing positions.

Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology

Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2011-01-28
ISBN : 0080932282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Semiconductors are at the heart of modern living. Almost everything we do, be it work, travel, communication, or entertainment, all depend on some feature of semiconductor technology. Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology captures the breadth of this important field, and presents it in a single source to the large audience who study, make, and exploit semiconductors. Previous attempts at this achievement have been abbreviated, and have omitted important topics. Written and Edited by a truly international team of experts, this work delivers an objective yet cohesive global review of the semiconductor world. The work is divided into three sections. The first section is concerned with the fundamental physics of semiconductors, showing how the electronic features and the lattice dynamics change drastically when systems vary from bulk to a low-dimensional structure and further to a nanometer size. Throughout this section there is an emphasis on the full understanding of the underlying physics. The second section deals largely with the transformation of the conceptual framework of solid state physics into devices and systems which require the growth of extremely high purity, nearly defect-free bulk and epitaxial materials. The last section is devoted to exploitation of the knowledge described in the previous sections to highlight the spectrum of devices we see all around us. Provides a comprehensive global picture of the semiconductor world Each of the work's three sections presents a complete description of one aspect of the whole Written and Edited by a truly international team of experts

Chalcogenide Glasses

Chalcogenide Glasses Book
Author : J-L Adam,X. Zhang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-02-14
ISBN : 0857093568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The unique properties and functionalities of chalcogenide glasses make them promising materials for photonic applications. Chalcogenide glasses are transparent from the visible to the near infrared region and can be moulded into lenses or drawn into fibres. They have useful commercial applications as components for lenses for infrared cameras, and chalcogenide glass fibres and optical components are used in waveguides for use with lasers, for optical switching, chemical and temperature sensing and phase change memories. Chalcogenide glasses comprehensively reviews the latest technological advances in this field and the industrial applications of the technology. Part one outlines the preparation methods and properties of chalcogenide glasses, including the thermal properties, structure, and optical properties, before going on to discuss mean coordination and topological constraints in chalcogenide network glasses, and the photo-induced phenomena in chalcogenide glasses. This section also covers the ionic conductivity and physical aging of chalcogenide glasses, deposition techniques for chalcogenide thin films, and transparent chalcogenide glass-ceramics. Part two explores the applications of chalcogenide glasses. Topics discussed include rare-earth-doped chalcogenide glass for lasers and amplifiers, the applications of chalcogenide glasses for infrared sensing, microstructured optical fibres for infrared applications, and chalcogenide glass waveguide devices for all-optical signal processing. This section also discusses the control of light on the nanoscale with chalcogenide thin films, chalcogenide glass resists for lithography, and chalcogenide for phase change optical and electrical memories. The book concludes with an overview of chalcogenide glasses as electrolytes for batteries. Chalcogenide glasses comprehensively reviews the latest technological advances and applications of chalcogenide glasses, and is an essential text for academics, materials scientists and electrical engineers working in the photonics and optoelectronics industry. Outlines preparation methods and properties, and explores applications of chalcogenide glasses. Covers the ionic conductivity and physical aging of chalcogenide glasses, deposition techniques for chalcogenide thin films, and transparent chalcogenide glass-ceramics Discusses the control of light on the nanoscale with chalcogenide thin films, chalcogenide glass resists for lithography, and chalcogenide for phase change optical and electrical memories

Applications of Chalcogenides S Se and Te

Applications of Chalcogenides  S  Se  and Te Book
Author : Gurinder Kaur Ahluwalia
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-02
ISBN : 331941190X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces readers to a wide range of applications for elements in Group 16 of the periodic table, such as, optical fibers for communication and sensing, X-ray imaging, electrochemical sensors, data storage devices, biomedical applications, photovoltaics and IR detectors, the rationale for these uses, the future scope of their applications, and expected improvements to existing technologies. Following an introductory section, the book is broadly divided into three parts—dealing with Sulfur, Selenium, and Tellurium. The sections cover the basic structure of the elements and their compounds in bulk and nanostructured forms; properties that make these useful for various applications, followed by applications and commercial products. As the global technology revolution necessitates the search for new materials and more efficient devices in the electronics and semiconductor industry, Applications of Chalcogenides: S, Se, and Te is an ideal book for a wide range of readers in industry, government and academic research facilities looking beyond silicon for materials used in the electronic and optoelectronic industry as well as biomedical applications.

Chalcogenide

Chalcogenide Book
Author : Abhay Kumar Singh,Tien-Chien Jen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-04-27
ISBN : 0429536410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is introductory book for researchers, scientists and students in the area of organic and inorganic composite materials. This book has addressed timely the innovative topic "chalcogenide-multiwalled carbon nanotubes and chalcogenide-bilayer graphene" composite materials under a glassy regime. This book will give a clear idea on the concepts of the newly established composite materials area, by providing interpretations of inside physio-chemical mechanism. The remarkable landmark innovations related to this newly introduced research field are included in this book. Additionally, the possible futuristic applications in the area of nanoelectronics, optoelectronics, biomedical etc are also addressed.

Nanomaterials and Nanoarchitectures

Nanomaterials and Nanoarchitectures Book
Author : M. Bardosova,T. Wagner
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-08-31
ISBN : 9401799210
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The current work consists of nine contributions describing recent progress in the interdisciplinary of Nanoscience, which involves physics, chemistry, engineering, biology and medicine and one essay outlining some important historical and socioeconomic factors pertaining to recent developments in nanoscale science and technology. All 10 chapters have been written by eminent experts in their respective fields. The authors employ the terms ‘nanomaterials’ as building blocks of a range of materials, ‘nanoarchitecture’ represents the design and ‘nanotechnology’ the means to produce a particular device or functionality. Two of the chapters are devoted to novel materials and two others focus on analyzing techniques, which can be used to enable molecular control of the film architecture. Additionally, the reader will find material devoted to photonic and hybrid plasmonic-photonic crystals as well as sections which address their applications, such as the use of plasmonic particles and nanostructures for new sensing concepts and ultrasensitive detection techniques. This work will be of interest to graduate students, researchers and practitioners alike.

Physics and Applications of Non Crystalline Semiconductors in Optoelectronics

Physics and Applications of Non Crystalline Semiconductors in Optoelectronics Book
Author : A. Andriesh,M. Bertolotti
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401154961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Workshop on Physics and Application of Non-crystalline Semiconductors in Optoelectronics was held from 15 to 17 October 1996 in Chisinau. republic of Moldova and was devoted to the problems of non-crystalline semiconducting materials. The reports covered two mjlin topics: theoretical basis of physics of non -crystalline materials and experimental results. In the framework of these major topics there were treated many subjects. concerning the physics of non-crystalline semiconductors and their specific application: -optical properties of non-crystalline semiconductors; -doping of glassy semiconductors and photoinduced effects in chalcogenide glasses and their application for practical purposes; -methods for investigation of the structure in non-crystalline semiconductors -new glassy materials for IR trasmittance and optoelectronics. Reports and communications were presented on various aspects of the theory. new physical principles. studies of the atomic structure. search and development of optoelectronics devices. Special attention was paid to the actual subject of photoinduced transformations and its applications. Experimental investigations covered a rather wide spectrum of materials and physical phenomena. As a novel item it is worth to mention the study of nonlinear optical effects in amorphous semiconducting films. The third order optical non linearities. fast photoinduced optical absorption and refraction. acusto-optic effects recently discovered in non-crystalline semiconductors could potentially be utilised for optical signal processing. The important problems of photoinduced structural transformations and related phenomena. which are very attractive and actual both from the scientific and practical points of view. received much attention in discussions at the conference.

Electronic Processes in Non Crystalline Materials

Electronic Processes in Non Crystalline Materials Book
Author : Nevill Francis Mott,Edward A Davis
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2012-02-02
ISBN : 0191023280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the first edition of this highly successful book the field saw many great developments both in experimental and theoretical studies of electrical properties of non-crystalline solids. It became necessary to rewrite nearly the whole book, while the aims of the second edition remained the same: to set out the theoretical concepts, to test them by comparison with experiment for a wide variety of phenomena, and to apply them to non-crystalline materials. Sir Nevill Mott shared the 1977 Nobel Prize for Physics, awarded for his research work in this field. The reissue of this book as part of the Oxford Classic Texts in the Physical Sciences is a reprint of the second edition which was published in 1979.

Optical Properties of Materials and Their Applications

Optical Properties of Materials and Their Applications Book
Author : Jai Singh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-01-07
ISBN : 111950631X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a semi-quantitative approach to recent developments in the study of optical properties of condensed matter systems Featuring contributions by noted experts in the field of electronic and optoelectronic materials and photonics, this book looks at the optical properties of materials as well as their physical processes and various classes. Taking a semi-quantitative approach to the subject, it presents a summary of the basic concepts, reviews recent developments in the study of optical properties of materials and offers many examples and applications. Optical Properties of Materials and Their Applications, 2nd Edition starts by identifying the processes that should be described in detail and follows with the relevant classes of materials. In addition to featuring four new chapters on optoelectronic properties of organic semiconductors, recent advances in electroluminescence, perovskites, and ellipsometry, the book covers: optical properties of disordered condensed matter and glasses; concept of excitons; photoluminescence, photoinduced changes, and electroluminescence in noncrystalline semiconductors; and photoinduced bond breaking and volume change in chalcogenide glasses. Also included are chapters on: nonlinear optical properties of photonic glasses; kinetics of the persistent photoconductivity in crystalline III-V semiconductors; and transparent white OLEDs. In addition, readers will learn about excitonic processes in quantum wells; optoelectronic properties and applications of quantum dots; and more. Covers all of the fundamentals and applications of optical properties of materials Includes theory, experimental techniques, and current and developing applications Includes four new chapters on optoelectronic properties of organic semiconductors, recent advances in electroluminescence, perovskites, and ellipsometry Appropriate for materials scientists, chemists, physicists and electrical engineers involved in development of electronic materials Written by internationally respected professionals working in physics and electrical engineering departments and government laboratories Optical Properties of Materials and Their Applications, 2nd Edition is an ideal book for senior undergraduate and postgraduate students, and teaching and research professionals in the fields of physics, chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science, and materials engineering.

The Science and Technology of an American Genius

The Science and Technology of an American Genius Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-11-26
ISBN : 9814470856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Science and Technology of an American Genius book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stanford R Ovshinsky

Stanford R  Ovshinsky Book
Author : Stanford R. Ovshinsky
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9812818391
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the achievements of the self-taught inventor, scientist, manufacturer and entrepreneur, Stanford R Ovshinsky. This remarkable individual could, without special training, compete with the well-funded establishments of learning and industry in the second half of the last century and leave us an incredible legacy of brilliant innovations with a lasting impact on our lives. His achievements extend over amazingly diverse fields and have or are prone to create new industries of great societal value. The phase change memories of commonly used rewritable CDs and DVDs as well as of new flash memories are his invention; so are the Ni Metal hydride batteries which are the enabling batteries for electric and hybrid/electric vehicles. The future hydrogen economy will utilize his efficient and safe hydrogen storage alloys. He has developed light and ultralight photovoltaic solar panels for converting sunlight into electricity and built the largest manufacturing facility for thin film flexible solar roofing materials. A common theme of his inventions is the synthesis of new materials utilizing novel aspects of structural and compositional disorder.The book explains for each of Ovshinsky's innovations the essence of his pioneering ideas and inventions. These introductions are followed by a selection of Ovshinsky's seminal publications and, for each subject category, a list of his patents which reveal the inventive mind of this unusually creative person. Ovshinsky's example of gaining a deep understanding of the science underlying his inventions, his perseverance as well as his ability to attract and inspire talented collaborators will be a role model for entrepreneurs of this century.

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass II

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass II Book
Author : Robert Fairman,Boris Ushkov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-12-17
ISBN : 0080541054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chalcogenide glass is made up of many elements from the Chalcogenide group. The glass is transparent to infrared light and is useful as a semiconductor in many electronic devices. For example, chalcogenide glass fibers are a component of devices used to perform laser surgery. The properties of chalcogenide glass result not only from their chemical composition and atomic structure, but also from the impact of numerous external factors. A comprehensive survey is presented of the properties of chalcogenide glass under various external impacts. Practical recommendations are presented for a wide range of applications. Part II is the second part of a three-volume work within the Semiconductors and Semimetals series. * The first collective monograph written by Eastern European scientists on the electrical and optical properties of chalcogenide vitreous semiconductors (CVS). * Contributions by B.G. Kolomiets, who discovered the properties of chalcogenide glass in 1955! * Provides objective evidence and discussion by authors from opposing positions.

Optical Properties of Condensed Matter and Applications

Optical Properties of Condensed Matter and Applications Book
Author : Jai Singh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-10-02
ISBN : 9780470021934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following a semi-quantitative approach, this book presents asummary of the basic concepts, with examples and applications, andreviews recent developments in the study of optical properties ofcondensed matter systems. Key Features: Covers basic knowledge as well as application topics Includes theory, experimental techniques and current anddeveloping applications Timely and useful contribution to the literature Written by internationally respected contributors working inphysics and electrical engineering departments and governmentlaboratories

Electron Microscopy and Analysis 2001

Electron Microscopy and Analysis 2001 Book
Author : M. Aindow,C. J. Kiely
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-12-01
ISBN : 1482289512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electron microscopy is now a mainstay characterization tool for solid state physicists and chemists as well as materials scientists. Electron Microscopy and Analysis 2001 presents a useful snapshot of the latest developments in instrumentation, analysis techniques, and applications of electron and scanning probe microscopies. The book is ideal for

Frontier Orbitals and Reaction Paths

Frontier Orbitals and Reaction Paths Book
Author : Kenichi Fukui,Hiroshi Fujimoto
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9810222416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collection of selected papers on the Frontier Orbital Theory by Nobel prizewinner Kenichi Fukui (Chemistry 1981), with introductory notes. It provides the basic concept and formulation of the theory, and the physical and chemical significance of the frontier orbital interactions in chemistry, together with many practical applications. The formulation of the Intrinsic Reaction Coordinate and applications to some simple systems are also presented. The aim of this volume is to show by what forces chemical reactions are driven and to demonstrate how the regio- and stereo-selectivities are determined in chemical reactions. Students and senior investigators will gain insight into the nature of chemical reactions and find out how quantum chemical calculations are connected with chemical intuition.