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Amorphous And Nano Alloys Electroless Depositions

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Amorphous and Nano Alloys Electroless Depositions

Amorphous and Nano Alloys Electroless Depositions Book
Author : Bangwei Zhang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-12-07
ISBN : 0128027061
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Amorphous and Nano Alloys Electroless Depositions: Technology, Theory, Structure and Property describes the whole development and the most important subjects (technology, theory, structure and property) up to date of electroless plating (EP). The author concentrates on the fundamental scientific and academic problems (principle, mechanism and theory) in EP today. Based on the history of EP, this valuable reference describes lots of new EP processes, including electroless Fe based alloy system deposits, formation and theoretical description of electroless alloys, microscopic theory of electroless plating deposits, microscopic structures and surface morphology of electroless deposits, and weldability property of electroless deposits. Focus on the fundamental scientific and academic problems (principles, mechanisms and theory) in electroless plating The book gives a very good overview of the research and development in this field and each chapter is fully referenced Detailed analysis and review of the current data, logically structured for ease of use

Electroless Nickel Plating Fundamentals to Applications

Electroless Nickel Plating  Fundamentals to Applications Book
Author : Fabienne Delaunois,Veronique Vitry,Luiza Bonin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-30
ISBN : 0429881134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electroless Nickel Plating: Fundamentals to Applications provides a complete and actualized view of electroless nickel plating, thus greatly improving the accessibility of knowledge on the subject. It touches upon all aspects of electroless nickel, from the fundamentals (including thermodynamics of electroless plating, bath chemistry, and substrate preparation) to more applied areas of the field such as bath replenishment, composite coatings, post-treatments, polyalloys, graded and multilayer coatings, ultrasound assistance, applications, and properties. Contributed to by a variety of international authors to ensure different points of view and interests are addressed, this book stands as the first complete and updated state-of-the-art text on electroless nickel in the twenty-first century. It also serves as the first technical book with a strong emphasis on nickel-boron. It also focuses on environmental aspects. Including cutting-edge content presented sufficiently extensive to be directly useful to the practitioner, this book is aimed at materials scientists, metallurgists, and other professionals working with electroless nickel plating.

Advanced Surface Coating Techniques for Modern Industrial Applications

Advanced Surface Coating Techniques for Modern Industrial Applications Book
Author : Roy, Supriyo,Bose, Goutam Kumar
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-09-18
ISBN : 179984871X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In engineering, there are often situations in which the material of the main component is unable to sustain long life or protect itself from adverse operating environments. Moreover, in some cases, different material properties such as anti-friction and wear, anti-corrosive, thermal resistive, super hydrophobic, etc. are required as per the operating conditions. If those bulk components are made of such materials and possess those properties, the cost will be very high. In such cases, a practical solution is surface coating, which serves as a protective barrier to the bulk material from the adverse environment. In the last decade, with enormous effort, researchers and scientists have developed suitable materials to overcome those unfavorable operating conditions, and they have used advanced deposition techniques to enhance the adhesion and surface texturing of the coatings. Advanced Surface Coating Techniques for Modern Industrial Applications is a highly sought reference source that compiles the recent research trends in these new and emerging surface coating materials, deposition techniques, properties of coated materials, and their applications in various engineering and industrial fields. The book particularly focuses on 1) coating materials including anti-corrosive materials and nanomaterials, 2) coating methods including thermal spray and electroless disposition, and 3) applications such as surface engineering and thin film application. The book is ideal for engineers, scientists, researchers, academicians, and students working in fields like material science, mechanical engineering, tribology, chemical and corrosion science, bio-medical engineering, biomaterials, and aerospace engineering.

Handbook of Magnetic Materials

Handbook of Magnetic Materials Book
Author : Ekkes Bruck
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-21
ISBN : 0444641629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Magnetic Materials, Volume 27, covers the expansion of magnetism over the last few decades and its applications in research, notably the magnetism of several classes of novel materials that share the presence of magnetic moments with truly ferromagnetic materials. The book is an ideal reference for scientists active in magnetism research, providing readers with novel trends and achievements in magnetism. Each article contains an extensive description given in graphical, as well as, tabular form, with much emphasis placed on the discussion of the experimental material within the framework of physics, chemistry and materials science. Comprises topical review articles written by leading authorities Includes a variety of self-contained introductions to a given area in the field of magnetism without requiring recourse to the published literature Introduces given topics in the field of magnetism Describes novel trends and achievements in magnetism

Pd based Membranes

Pd based Membranes Book
Author : Thijs Peters,Alessio Caravella
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-03-26
ISBN : 3038977020
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Palladium (Pd)-based membranes have received a great deal of attention from both academia and industry thanks to their ability to selectively separate hydrogen from gas streams. The integration of such membranes with appropriate catalysts in membrane reactors allows for hydrogen production with CO2 capture that can be applied in smaller bioenergy or combined heat and power (CHP) plants, as well as in large-scale power plants. Pd-based membranes are therefore regarded as a Key Enabling Technology (KET) to facilitate the transition towards a knowledge-based, low-carbon, and resource-efficient economy. This Special Issue of the journal Membranes on “Pd-based Membranes: Overview and Perspectives” contains nine peer-reviewed articles. Topics include manufacturing techniques, understanding of material phenomena, module and reactor design, novel applications, and demonstration efforts and industrial exploitation.

Membranes for Environmental Applications

Membranes for Environmental Applications Book
Author : Zhien Zhang,Wenxiang Zhang,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-29
ISBN : 3030339785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces recent developments of membrane technologies applied to gas and water treatments, energy processes and environmental issues. Novel knowledge and mechanisms on membrane fabrication and usage in energy, chemical, and environmental engineering are detailed in 12 book chapters from France, UK, Spain, China, Nigeria, Iran and Pakistan. The information in this book will be useful for engineers, students, and experts in these fields.

Nano plating II

Nano plating  II  Book
Author : Tohru Watanabe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-08-16
ISBN : 0128218576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nano Plating (II): A Metallurgical Approach to Electrochemical Theory and Its Applications to Technology is the result of the author’s 50 years of research. The author reviews the vast experimental results of electrochemical phenomena in light of metallurgical knowledge and proposes theories that can give new insights in electrochemical thermodynamics and predict many phenomena in this field. The book complements Tohru Watanabe’s previous book on nano-plating published by Elsevier in 2004. Covers new electrochemical theories related to plating, including electroplating and electroless plating Explains the mechanism of dissolution and corrosion of metals in aqueous solutions Explains the power generation mechanism of various batteries, such as acid batteries and alkaline batteries Written by an expert in the field who has five decades of experience in metal electrodeposition and its structural investigation

Nano plating

Nano plating Book
Author : Tohru Watanabe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-03-19
ISBN : 9780080443751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern plating technology is highly advanced, and has developed to cover a wide range of applications. In addition to the traditional use for surface finishing, plating technology can now offer novel processes to fabricate high-performance films or fine microstructural bodies in the microelectronics industry. This rapid progress reflects the potential for the electroplating plating method to become one of today's leading-edge technologies. This book will introduce a concept of a Microstructure Control Theory for plated films, describe and discuss various experimental results that support the theory, and finally, present a collection of experimental data on 53 types of plated metal/alloy systems with a special emphasis on their microstructure.The unique feature of this database is that most of the plating baths are simple and contain no additives. In addition, amorphous materials were used as substrates to avoid the effects of substrate structure, and single-crystal substrates were chosen to study the epitaxial growth phenomenon. * Contains a comprehensive database for the microstructure of plated films * The book is very logically structured with a very detailed contents which makes finding information easy * The book gives a very good overview of the research and development in this field and each chapter is fully referenced

Development of Novel Process for the Deposition of Nanostructured Ternary Alloys and Composites for Replacement of Cadmium Coatings

Development of Novel Process for the Deposition of Nanostructured Ternary Alloys and Composites for Replacement of Cadmium Coatings Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objective of this investigation was to develop novel processes for depositing ternary Zn-Ni-X (X=Cu or P) alloys for replacement of Cd coatings in sacrificial protection of steel substrates. Introducing small amounts of Cu in the Zn-Ni plating bath results in alloys with reduced amount of Zn in the final deposit. This alloy shows improved corrosion performance that is 4 times higher than that of Cd coatings. Also, the use of autocatalytic method was investigated to deposit amorphous Ni-Zn-P alloys. The electroless Ni-Zn-P alloy shows improved corrosion performance that is 5 times higher than that of Cd coatings and reduces the hydrogen ingress into steel to 94%. A novel electrolytic process was developed to deposit Ni-Zn alloys with high Ni content. Deposition parameters like pH and temperature were optimized based on composition and the surface morphology of the coating. The Zn content in the coating was optimized based on the corrosion resistance of the final deposit. Finally. corrosion studies shows that Ni-Zn coatings obtained using these methods show a 5 times increase in barrier resistance as compared to Cd coatings. Also a mathematical model was developed to study the electroless Ni-Zn-P deposition.

Physical Fundamentals of Nanomaterials

Physical Fundamentals of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Bangwei Zhang
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-02-03
ISBN : 0124104797
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physical Fundamentals of Nanomaterials systematically describes the principles, structures and formation mechanisms of nanomaterials, in particular the concepts, principles and theories of their physical properties as well as the most important and commonly used preparation methods. The book aims to provide readers with a basic understanding of how nanomaterials are synthesized as well as their resultant physical properties it therefore focuses on the science of nanomaterials rather than applications, serving as an excellent starting point for researchers, materials scientists and advanced students who already possess a basic knowledge of chemistry and physics. Provides thorough coverage of the physics and processes involved in the preparation of nanomaterials Contains separate chapters for various types of synthesis methods, including gas phase, liquid phase, solid phase, and self-assembly Coverage of properties includes separate chapters on mechanical, thermal, optical, electrical and magnetic

Amorphous Nanomaterials

Amorphous Nanomaterials Book
Author : Lin Guo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-03-30
ISBN : 3527826343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A valuable overview covering important fundamental and applicative aspects of amorphous nanomaterials! Amorphous nanomaterials are very important in non-crystalline solids, which have emerged as a new category of advanced materials. Compared to the crystalline counterpart, amorphous nanomaterials with isotropic nature always exhibit fast ion diffusion, relieved strain, and higher reactivity, enabling such materials to exhibit high performance in mechanics and catalysis, as well as other interesting properties. Amorphous Nanomaterials: Preparation, Characterization, and Applications covers the fundamental concept, synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications of nanoscaled amorphous materials. It starts with the introduction of amorphous materials, then gives a global view of the history, structure, and growth mechanism of amorphous nanomaterials. Subsequently, some powerful techniques to characterize amorphous materials, such as X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, spherical aberration electron microscope, in-situ-Transmission Electron Microscope, Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy, and some other defect characterization technologies are included. Furthermore, the emerging innovative methods to fabricate well-defined, regularshaped amorphous nanomaterials, including zero-, one-, two-, and three-dimensional amorphous nanomaterials are systematically introduced. The fascinating properties and applications related to amorphous nanomaterials including the applications in electrocatalysis, batteries, supercapacitors, photocatalysis, mechanics, etc., are presented. It will greatly help the researchers to find professional answers related to amorphous materials. Great topic: amorphous nanomaterials are a very large and important field in both academia and industry Comprehensive: in-depth discussion of various important aspects, from both a fundamental and an applied point of view, on the chemistry, physics and technological importance of the amorphous nanomaterials are presented Vitally needed: the understanding of the fundamentals of amorphous nanomaterials is a prerequisite for devising new applications of such materials Highly relevant: amorphous nanomaterials have found specific applications in chemistry, catalysis, physics, sensing, batteries, supercapacitors, and engineering Amorphous Nanomaterials is a vital resource for materials scientists, inorganic and physical chemists, solid state chemists, physicists, catalytic and analytical chemists, as well as organic chemists.

Anti Abrasive Nanocoatings

Anti Abrasive Nanocoatings Book
Author : M Aliofkhazraei
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-12-09
ISBN : 0857092170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of the fabrication methods for anti-abrasive nanocoatings. The connections among fabrication parameters, the characteristics of nanocoatings and the resulting properties (i.e. nanohardness, toughness, wear rate, load-bearing ability, friction coefficient, and scratch resistance) are discussed. Size-affected mechanical properties of nanocoatings are examined, including their uses. Anti-abrasive nanocoatings, including metallic-, ceramic-, and polymeric-based layers, as well as different kinds of nanostructures, such as multi-layered nanocomposites and thin films, are reviewed. Provides a comprehensive overview of the fabrication methods for anti-abrasive nanocoatings Discusses the connections among fabrication parameters, the characteristics of nanocoatings and the resulting properties Reviews advantages and drawbacks of fabrication methods for anti-abrasive nanocoatings and clarifies the place of these nanocoatings in the world of nanotechnology

Handbook of Nanoceramic and Nanocomposite Coatings and Materials

Handbook of Nanoceramic and Nanocomposite Coatings and Materials Book
Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Dieter Scharnweber
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2015-05-08
ISBN : 0444633820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this new handbook, top researchers from around the world discuss recent academic and industrial advances in designing ceramic coatings and materials. They describe the role of nanotechnology in designing high performance nanoceramic coatings and materials in terms of the unique advantages that can be gained from the nano scale, including the latest techniques for the synthesis and processing of ceramic and composite coatings for different applications. Focuses on the most advanced technologies for industry-oriented nano-ceramic and nano-composite coatings, including recent challenges for scaling up nano-based coatings in industry Covers the latest evaluation methods for measuring coatings performance Discusses novel approaches for improving the performance of ceramic and composite coatings and materials via nanotechnology Provides the most recent and advanced techniques for surface characterization

Microelectronic Packaging

Microelectronic Packaging Book
Author : M. Datta,Tetsuya Osaka,J. Walter Schultze
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-12-20
ISBN : 9780203473689
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microelectronic Packaging analyzes the massive impact of electrochemical technologies on various levels of microelectronic packaging. Traditionally, interconnections within a chip were considered outside the realm of packaging technologies, but this book emphasizes the importance of chip wiring as a key aspect of microelectronic packaging, and focuses on electrochemical processing as an enabler of advanced chip metallization. Divided into five parts, the book begins by outlining the basics of electrochemical processing, defining the microelectronic packaging hierarchy, and emphasizing the impact of electrochemical technology on packaging. The second part discusses chip metallization topics including the development of robust barrier layers and alternative metallization materials. Part III explores key aspects of chip-package interconnect technologies, followed by Part IV's analysis of packages, boards, and connectors which covers materials development, technology trends in ceramic packages and multi-chip modules, and electroplated contact materials. Illustrating the importance of processing tools in enabling technology development, the book concludes with chapters on chemical mechanical planarization, electroplating, and wet etching/cleaning tools. Experts from industry, universities, and national laboratories submitted reviews on each of these subjects, capturing the technological advances made in each area. A detailed examination of how packaging responds to the challenges of Moore's law, this book serves as a timely and valuable reference for microelectronic packaging and processing professionals and other industrial technologists.

Copper Electrodeposition for Nanofabrication of Electronics Devices

Copper Electrodeposition for Nanofabrication of Electronics Devices Book
Author : Kazuo Kondo,Rohan N. Akolkar,Dale P. Barkey,Masayuki Yokoi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-20
ISBN : 1461491762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the scientific mechanism of copper electrodeposition and it's wide range of applications. The book will cover everything from the basic fundamentals to practical applications. In addition, the book will also cover important topics such as: • ULSI wiring material based upon copper nanowiring • Printed circuit boards • Stacked semiconductors • Through Silicon Via • Smooth copper foil for Lithium-Ion battery electrodes. This book is ideal for nanotechnologists, industry professionals, and practitioners.

Textures of Materials ICOTOM 13

Textures of Materials   ICOTOM 13 Book
Author : Dong Nyung Lee
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Texture is a fundamental material characteristic which results from the microstructural evolution that takes place during various processes, including the thermomechanical deformation of materials. Therefore, texture-related phenomena will continue to be of great importance, because of their scientific interest as well as their effect upon industrial applications, in the 21st century. This volume deals with all of the themes which are related to texture phenomena in both conventional and advanced materials, including: ceramics, thin films, polymers, nanocrystalline materials, rocks and composites. The papers cover various texture-related fields: quantitative texture analysis, experimental measurement, modeling, micro-texture analysis, deformation textures, recrystallization and grain growth textures, anisotropic properties, textures in steels, textures in Al and Al-Alloys, textures in thin films, and textures in ceramics, intermetallics and polymers, etc.

Comprehensive Materials Processing

Comprehensive Materials Processing Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-04-07
ISBN : 0080965334
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Materials Processing provides students and professionals with a one-stop resource consolidating and enhancing the literature of the materials processing and manufacturing universe. It provides authoritative analysis of all processes, technologies, and techniques for converting industrial materials from a raw state into finished parts or products. Assisting scientists and engineers in the selection, design, and use of materials, whether in the lab or in industry, it matches the adaptive complexity of emergent materials and processing technologies. Extensive traditional article-level academic discussion of core theories and applications is supplemented by applied case studies and advanced multimedia features. Coverage encompasses the general categories of solidification, powder, deposition, and deformation processing, and includes discussion on plant and tool design, analysis and characterization of processing techniques, high-temperatures studies, and the influence of process scale on component characteristics and behavior. Authored and reviewed by world-class academic and industrial specialists in each subject field Practical tools such as integrated case studies, user-defined process schemata, and multimedia modeling and functionality Maximizes research efficiency by collating the most important and established information in one place with integrated applets linking to relevant outside sources

Nanostructured Materials

Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Gan-Moog Chow,Nina Ivanovna Noskova
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401150028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A critical, up to date, tutorial review and discussion of the science and technology of nanostructured metallic and ceramic materials. The focus is on the synthesis and processing of nanoparticles, the assembly and stability of nanostructures, characterization and properties, and applications. There is a growing interest in the processing of nanoparticles into consolidated bulk materials and coatings. The metastability of nanoparticles may lead to undesirable grain growth during thermally assisted consolidation or other processing routes, and the retention of nanostructures in a processed part or component continues to attract a great deal of attention. Current activity is concentrating on the deposition of nanostructured coatings using established thermal spray technology and wet chemistry methods. Naturally existing or artificially synthesized templates with unique structures and morphologies have been used to fabricate nanostructured materials with the same structural and morphological characteristics as the templates. Recent advances in characterization techniques have provided information on the structure, the surface and bulk chemistry of nanoparticles, and the structures and chemistry of exposed and buried surfaces of coatings. Contributors are drawn from Canada, France, UK, USA, Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.

Electrochemical Nanotechnologies

Electrochemical Nanotechnologies Book
Author : Tetsuya Osaka,Madhav Datta,Yosi Shacham-Diamand
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-15
ISBN : 9781441914248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, the term "electrochemical nanotechnology" is defined as nanoprocessing by means of electrochemical techniques. This introductory book reviews the application of electrochemical nanotechnologies with the aim of understanding their wider applicability in evolving nanoindustries. These advances have impacted microelectronics, sensors, materials science, and corrosion science, generating new fields of research that promote interaction between biology, medicine, and microelectronics. This volume reviews nanotechnology applications in selected high technology areas with particular emphasis on advances in such areas. Chapters are classified under four different headings: Nanotechnology for energy devices - Nanotechnology for magnetic storage devices - Nanotechnology for bio-chip applications - Nanotechnology for MEMS/Packaging.