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Ammonia Fuel Cells

Ammonia Fuel Cells Book
Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Osamah Siddiqui
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-09
ISBN : 0128228253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ammonia Fuel Cells covers all aspects of ammonia fuel cell technologies and their applications, including their theoretical analysis, modeling studies and experimental investigations. The book analyzes the role of integrated ammonia fuel cell systems within various renewable energy resources and existing energy systems. Covers the types of ammonia fuel cells that have been developed over history Features explanations of the underlying fundamentals and principles of ammonia fuel cells, along with methods to assess the performance of different types of cell Includes case studies considering different applications of ammonia fuel cells and their significance in the future of clean energy

Sustainable Ammonia Production

Sustainable Ammonia Production Book
Author : Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-09
ISBN : 3030351068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents sustainable synthetic pathways and modern applications of ammonia. It focuses on the production of ammonia using various catalytic systems and its use in fuel cells, membrane, agriculture, and renewable energy sectors. The book highlights the history, investigation, and development of sustainable pathways for ammonia production, current challenges, and state-of-the-art reviews. While discussing industrial applications, it fills the gap between laboratory research and viable applications in large-scale production.

Techno Economic Challenges of Green Ammonia as an Energy Vector

Techno Economic Challenges of Green Ammonia as an Energy Vector Book
Author : Agustin Valera-Medina,Rene Banares-Alcantara
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-30
ISBN : 0128208864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Techno-Economic Challenges of Green Ammonia as an Energy Vector presents the fundamentals, techno-economic challenges, applications, and state-of-the-art research in using green ammonia as a route toward the hydrogen economy. This book presents practical implications and case studies of a great variety of methods to recover stored energy from ammonia and use it for power, along with transport and heating applications, including its production, storage, transportation, regulations, public perception, and safety aspects. As a unique reference in this field, this book can be used both as a handbook by researchers and a source of background knowledge by graduate students developing technologies in the fields of hydrogen economy, hydrogen energy, and energy storage. Includes glossaries, case studies, practical concepts, and legal, public perception, and policy viewpoints that allow for thorough, practical understanding of the use of ammonia as energy carrier Presents its content in a modular structure that can be used in sequence, as a handbook, in individual parts or as a field reference Explores the use of ammonia, both as a medium for hydrogen storage and an energy vector unto itself

Ammonia Fuel Cells

Ammonia Fuel Cells Book
Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Osamah Siddiqui
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-24
ISBN : 0128228261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ammonia Fuel Cells covers all aspects of ammonia fuel cell technologies and their applications, including their theoretical analysis, modeling studies and experimental investigations. The book analyzes the role of integrated ammonia fuel cell systems within various renewable energy resources and existing energy systems. Covers the types of ammonia fuel cells that have been developed over history Features explanations of the underlying fundamentals and principles of ammonia fuel cells, along with methods to assess the performance of different types of cell Includes case studies considering different applications of ammonia fuel cells and their significance in the future of clean energy

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Author : Meng Ni,Tim S. Zhao
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2013-08-16
ISBN : 1849737770
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are promising electrochemical power generation devices that can convert chemical energy of a fuel into electricity in an efficient, environmental-friendly, and quiet manner. Due to their high operating temperature, SOFCs feature fuel flexibility as internal reforming of hydrocarbon fuels and ammonia thermal cracking can be realized in SOFC anode. This book presents an overview of the SOFC technology with a focus on the recent developments in new technologies and new ideas for addressing the key issues of SOFC development. This book first introduces the fundamental principles of SOFCs and compares SOFC technology with conventional heat engines as well as low temperature fuel cells. Then the latest developments in SOFC R&D are reviewed and future directions are discussed. Key issues related to SOFC performance improvement, long-term stability, mathematical modelling, as well as system integration/control are addressed, including material development, infiltration technique for nano-structured electrode fabrication, focused ion beam – scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) technique for microstructure reconstruction, the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) simulation at pore scale, multi-scale modelling, SOFC integration with buildings and other cycles for stationary applications.

Electrocatalysts for Low Temperature Fuel Cells

Electrocatalysts for Low Temperature Fuel Cells Book
Author : Thandavarayan Maiyalagan,Viswanathan S. Saji
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-05-04
ISBN : 3527803866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Meeting the need for a text on solutions to conditions which have so far been a drawback for this important and trend-setting technology, this monograph places special emphasis on novel, alternative catalysts of low temperature fuel cells. Comprehensive in its coverage, the text discusses not only the electrochemical, mechanistic, and material scientific background, but also provides extensive chapters on the design and fabrication of electrocatalysts. A valuable resource aimed at multidisciplinary audiences in the fields of academia and industry.

Ammonia Based Hydrogen Source for Fuel Cell Applications

Ammonia Based Hydrogen Source for Fuel Cell Applications Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Generation of hydrogen from the reaction of ammonia (NH3) with magnesium hydride (MgH2) was studies. Experiments were conducted at near ambient temperatures (75-150 deg C), which are lower than that required by ammonia cracking and/or metal hydride thermal decomposition reactions. Effects of selected catalysts/promoters for the production of hydrogen by the NH3-MgH2 reaction were evaluated. Addition of ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) accelerated the NH3-MgH2 reaction. MgH2 doped with either PdCl2 or PtCl4 also showed increased reactivity towards NH3 for H2 production in the presence of NH4Cl. Results from this study demonstrated the feasibility of hydrogen production from ammonia-based reactions in support of potable hydrogen fuel cells. These preliminary results warrant further systematic studies to elucidate the activation mechanism of PdCl2 or PtCl4 as catalysts, as well as the role of NH4Cl as an additive, a reactant and/or a catalyst in the reaction system of interest.

Fuel Cell Catalysis

Fuel Cell Catalysis Book
Author : Andrzej Wieckowski
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-04-01
ISBN : 9780470463741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wiley Series on Electrocatalysis and Electrochemistry Fuel Cell Catalysis A Surface Science Approach A Core reference on fuel cell catalysis Fuel cells represent an important alternative energy source and a very active area of research. Fuel Cell Catalysis brings together world leaders in this field, providing a unique combination of state-of-the-art theory and computational and experimental methods. With an emphasis on understanding fuel cell catalysis at the molecular level, this text covers fundamental principles, future challenges, and important current research themes. Fuel Cell Catalysis: Provides a molecular-level description of catalysis for low-temperature polymer-electrolyte membrane fuel cells, including both hydrogen-oxygen cells and direct alcohol cells Examines catalysis issues of both anode and cathode such as oxygen reduction, alcohol oxidation, and CO tolerance Features a timely and forward-looking approach through emphasis on novel aspects such as computation and bio-inspiration Reviews the use and potential of surface-sensitive techniques like vibrational spectroscopy (IR, Raman, nonlinear spectroscopy, laser), scanning tunneling microscopy, X-ray scattering, NMR, electrochemical techniques, and more Reviews the use and potential of such modern computational techniques as DFT, ab initio MD, kinetic Monte Carlo simulations, and more Surveys important trends in reactivity and structure sensitivity, nanoparticles, "dynamic" catalysis, electrocatalysis vs. gas-phase catalysis, new experimental techniques, and nontraditional catalysts This cutting-edge collection offers a core reference for electrochemists, electrocatalysis researchers, surface and physical chemists, chemical and automotive engineers, and researchers in academia, research institutes, and industry.

Catalytic Ammonia Synthesis

Catalytic Ammonia Synthesis Book
Author : J.R. Jennings
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1475795920
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The phenomenon of catalysis is found in many homogeneous and heterogeneous systems undergoing chemical change, where it effects the rates of approach to the equilibrium state in processes as diverse as those found in the stars, the earth's mantle, living organisms, and the various chemistries utilized by industry. The economies and the living standards of both developed and developing countries depend to varying degrees upon the efficacy of their chemical industries. Con sequently, this century has seen a wide exploration and expansion of catalytic chemistry together with an intensive investigation of specific, essential processes like those contributing to life-supporting agricultures. Prime among the latter must surely be the "fixation" of atmospheric nitrogen by catalytic hydrogenation to anhydrous ammonia, still the preferred synthetic precursor of the nitrogenous components of fertilizers. In each decade contemporary concepts and techniques have been used to further the understanding, as yet incomplete, of the catalyst, the adsorbates, the surface reactions, and the technology of large-scale operation. The contributors to the present volume review the state of the art, the science, and the technology; they reveal existing lacunae, and suggest ways forward. Around the turn of the century, Sabatier's school was extending the descriptive catalytic chemistry of hydrogenation by metals to include almost all types of multiple bond. The triple bond of dinitrogen, which continued to be more resistant than the somewhat similar bonds in carbon monoxide and ethyne, defied their efforts.

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells Book
Author : Supramaniam Srinivasan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-12-31
ISBN : 0387354026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This concise sourcebook of the electrochemical, engineering and economic principles involved in the development and commercialization of fuel cells offers a thorough review of applications and techno-economic assessment of fuel cell technologies, plus in-depth discussion of conventional and novel approaches for generating energy. Parts I and II explain basic and applied electrochemistry relevant to an understanding of fuel cells. Part III covers engineering and technology aspects. The book is useful for undergraduate and graduate students and scientists interested in fuel cells. Unlike any other current book on fuel cells, each chapter includes problems based on the discussions in the text.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Book
Author : International Energy Agency,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9264108831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrogen and fuel cells are vital technologies to ensure a secure and CO2-free energy future. Their development will take decades of extensive public and private effort to achieve technology breakthroughs and commercial maturity.Government research programmes are indispensable for catalysing the development process. This report maps the IEA countries current efforts to research, develop and deploy the interlocking elements that constitute a hydrogen economy, including CO2 capture and storage when hydrogen is produced out of fossil fuels. It provides an overview of what is being done, and by whom, covering an extensive complexity of national government R&D programmes. The survey highlights the potential for exploiting the benefits of the international co-operation.This book draws primarily upon information contributed by IEA governments. In virtually all the IEA countries, important R&D and policy efforts on hydrogen and fuel cells are in place and expanding. Some are fully-integrated, government-funded programs, some are a key element in an overall strategy spread among multiple public and private efforts. The large amount of information provided in this publication reflects the vast array of technologies and logistics required to build the hydrogen economy.

ALKAMMONIA

ALKAMMONIA Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Project ALKAMMONIA focused on the design, manufacture and testing of a prototype integrated small-scale power system designed for remote applications. The prototype integrates two main components: a fuel delivery system that passes ammonia through a cracker to produce hydrogen and an alkaline fuel cell system which utilises the hydrogen produced. A control system for the fuel cell component should be extended to manage the whole integrated system. The main development are underpinned by computational modelling and a programme of project controls running throughout the project duration.

The Hydrogen Economy

The Hydrogen Economy Book
Author : National Academy of Engineering,National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2004-09-05
ISBN : 0309091632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The announcement of a hydrogen fuel initiative in the President’s 2003 State of the Union speech substantially increased interest in the potential for hydrogen to play a major role in the nation’s long-term energy future. Prior to that event, DOE asked the National Research Council to examine key technical issues about the hydrogen economy to assist in the development of its hydrogen R&D program. Included in the assessment were the current state of technology; future cost estimates; CO2 emissions; distribution, storage, and end use considerations; and the DOE RD&D program. The report provides an assessment of hydrogen as a fuel in the nation’s future energy economy and describes a number of important challenges that must be overcome if it is to make a major energy contribution. Topics covered include the hydrogen end-use technologies, transportation, hydrogen production technologies, and transition issues for hydrogen in vehicles.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Book
Author : Zhigang Qi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-12-16
ISBN : 1466513705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clean energy technologies are poised to play an important role in overcoming fossil fuel exhaustion and global pollution. Among these technologies, electrochemical energy storage and conversion are considered to be the most feasible, sustainable, and environmentally friendly. Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells are prime examples of electrochemical energy conversion technologies in action. Believed to be ideal sources of clean power, PEM fuel cells are replacing internal combustion and diesel engines in vehicles, as well as Pb-acid batteries and diesel generators in the emergency backup of telecommunications base stations and computer centers. Written by an industry-leading scientist, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells explains the theoretical foundations of PEM fuel cells in relation to practical design and operation to not only help beginners grasp the essentials, but also guide industry professionals in tackling technical challenges. Useful to scientists, researchers, students, academics, and practicing engineers, the book covers the fundamentals, materials, components, modules, system architecture, applications, and current developmental status; offers real-world examples; and provides insight into advancing this sustainable clean technology.

Tomorrow s Energy

Tomorrow s Energy Book
Author : Peter Hoffmann
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780262582216
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How hydrogen -- nonpolluting and easy to produce -- could become the fuel of the future.

Hydrogen A renewable energy perspective

Hydrogen  A renewable energy perspective Book
Author : International Renewable Energy Agency IRENA
Publisher : International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Release : 2019-09-01
ISBN : 9292602071
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This paper examines the potential of hydrogen fuel for hard-to-decarbonise energy uses, including aviation, shipping and other. But the decarbonisation impact depends on how hydrogen is produced.

Direct Liquid Fuel Cells

Direct Liquid Fuel Cells Book
Author : Ramiz Gültekin Akay,Ayşe Bayrakçeken Yurtcan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-10
ISBN : 0128187360
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Direct Liquid Fuel Cells is a comprehensive overview of the fundamentals and specificities of the use of methanol, ethanol, glycerol, formic acid and formate, dimethyl ether, borohydride, hydrazine and other promising liquid fuels in fuel cells. Each chapter covers a different liquid fuel-based fuel cell such as: Anode catalysts of direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs), future system designs and future trends for direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFCs), development of catalysts for direct glycerol fuel cells (DGFCs), the mechanisms of the reactions taking place at the anode and cathode electrodes, and the reported anode catalysts for direct formic acid fuel cell (DFAFC) and direct formate fuel cell (DFFC), characteristics of direct dimethyl ether fuel cell (DDMEFC), including its electrochemical and operating systems and design, the developments in direct borohydride fuel cells, the development of catalysts for direct hydrazine fuel cells (DHFCs), and also the uncommonly used liquids that have a potential for fuel cell applications including 2-propanol, ethylene glycol, ascorbic acid and ascorbate studied in the literature as well as utilization of some blended fuels. In each part, the most recent literature is reviewed and the state of the art is presented. It also includes examples of practical problems with solutions and a summarized comparison of performance, advantages, and limitations of each type of fuel cell discussed. Direct Liquid Fuel Cells is not a typical textbook but rather designed as a reference book of which any level of students (undergraduate or graduate), instructors, field specialists, industry and general audience, who benefit from current and complete understanding of the many aspects involved in the development and operation of these types of fuel cells, could make use of any chapter when necessary. Presents information on different types of direct liquid fuel cells. Explores information under each section, for specific fuel-based fuel cells in more detail in terms of the materials used. Covers three main sections: direct alcohol, organic fuel-based and inorganic fuel-based fuel cells

PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers

PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers Book
Author : Jiujun Zhang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-26
ISBN : 1848009364
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells are promising clean energy converting devices with high efficiency and low to zero emissions. Such power sources can be used in transportation, stationary, portable and micro power applications. The key components of these fuel cells are catalysts and catalyst layers. “PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers” provides a comprehensive, in-depth survey of the field, presented by internationally renowned fuel cell scientists. The opening chapters introduce the fundamentals of electrochemical theory and fuel cell catalysis. Later chapters investigate the synthesis, characterization, and activity validation of PEM fuel cell catalysts. Further chapters describe in detail the integration of the electrocatalyst/catalyst layers into the fuel cell, and their performance validation. Researchers and engineers in the fuel cell industry will find this book a valuable resource, as will students of electrochemical engineering and catalyst synthesis.

DIRECT AMMONIA AIR FUEL CELL

DIRECT AMMONIA AIR FUEL CELL  Book
Author : M. Eisenberg,K. E. Kuppinger,ELECTROCHIMICA CORP MENLO PARK CA.
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1964
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Performance studies were conducted extensively on direct ammonia fuel cells. Two new types of catalysts were studied and compared with platinum black. Gasketing problems and a new cell structure are discussed. Further improvements in techniques involved in making a complete material balance are described. Results of studies of formation of traces of nitrates and nitrites by chemical side reaction are discussed. Kinetics of the anodic oxidation of ammonia were analyzed theoretically and experimentally investigated in a special apparatus to determine the nature of the controlling step. Results indicate that oxidation of the intermediate metal-amine adsorbed species is rate controlling. Theoretical and practical considerations of the water balance and transport problems are discussed. (Author).

The Alchemy of Air

The Alchemy of Air Book
Author : Thomas Hager
Publisher : Broadway Books
Release : 2009-08-18
ISBN : 0307351793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A profile of pioneering scientists Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch describes their seminal discovery of a way to pull nitrogen out of the air to create synthetic fertilizer, a process that offered a solution to the critical food shortage confronting a growing global population but also led to the development of the gunpowder and explosives that killed millions during the World Wars. 30,000 first printing.