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Amine Unit Corrosion In Refineries

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Amine Unit Corrosion in Refineries

Amine Unit Corrosion in Refineries Book
Author : J Harston,F Ropital
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-04-18
ISBN : 184569323X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The corrosion of carbon steels in amine units used for gas treatment in refining operations is a major problem for the petrochemical industry. Maximising amine unit reliability, together with improving throughput, circulation and treatment capacity, requires more effective ways of measuring and predicting corrosion rates. However, there has been a lack of data on corrosion. This valuable report helps to remedy this lack of information by summarising findings from over 30 plants. It covers such amine types as methyl diethanolamine (MDEA), diethanolamine (DEA), monoethanolamine (MEA) and di-isopropanolamine (DIPA), and makes recommendations on materials and process parameters to maximise amine unit efficiency and reliability. Covers such amine types as Methyl Diethanolamine (MDEA) and Di-isopropanolamine Makes recommendations on materials and process parameters to maximise amine unit efficiency and reliability

Corrosion in Amine Treating Units

Corrosion in Amine Treating Units Book
Author : Johan van Roij
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-11-03
ISBN : 0323915507
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion in Amine Treating Units, Second Edition presents a fully updated resource with a broadened focus that includes corrosion in not only refining operations, but also in oil and gas production. New sections have been added on inhibition, corrosion modeling and metallic coatings. More detailed descriptions of the degradation mechanisms and Integrity Operating Windows (IOW) are now included, as is more in-depth information on guidelines for what sections and locations are most vulnerable to corrosion and how to control corrosion in amine units e.g., using corrosion Loop descriptions and providing indicative integrity operating windows for operation to achieve a suitable life expectance. Provides new insights on the degradation mechanisms occurring in amine treating units and the locations within the unit where they occur Discusses how to mitigate and control corrosion in amine units Provides guidance for setting up corrosion control documents and inspection and maintenance plans for amine treating units

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry Book
Author : Alec Groysman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-24
ISBN : 3319452568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses corrosion problems and their solutions at facilities in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, including cooling water and boiler feed water units. Further, it describes and analyzes corrosion control actions, corrosion monitoring, and corrosion management. Corrosion problems are a perennial issue in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, as they lead to a deterioration of the functional properties of metallic equipment and harm the environment – both of which need to be protected for the sake of current and future generations. Accordingly, this book examines and analyzes typical and atypical corrosion failure cases and their prevention at refineries and petrochemical facilities, including problems with: pipelines, tanks, furnaces, distillation columns, absorbers, heat exchangers, and pumps. In addition, it describes naphthenic acid corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, hydrogen damages, sulfidic corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion fatigue occurring at refinery units. At last, fouling, corrosion and cleaning are discussed in this book.

Corrosion and degradatio

Corrosion and degradatio    Book
Author : François Ropital,Trevor Jones
Publisher : Editions OPHRYS
Release : 2021-12-03
ISBN : 9782710811398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second section describes the various techniques used in the petroleum industry to protect metallic materials, to detect and to monitor corrosion, in a manner readily accessible to non-specialist readers. --

Corrosion and Degradation of Metallic Materials

Corrosion and Degradation of Metallic Materials Book
Author : François Ropital,Yves Chauvin
Publisher : Editions technip
Release : 2010
ISBN : 2710809443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second section describes the various techniques used in the petroleum industry to protect metallic materials, to detect and to monitor corrosion, in a manner readily accessible to non-specialist readers. --

Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industry

Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industry Book
Author : Viswanathan S. Saji,Saviour A. Umoren
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-02-10
ISBN : 3527822135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides comprehensive coverage of corrosion inhibitors in the oil and gas industries Considering the high importance of corrosion inhibitor development for the oil and gas sectors, this book provides a thorough overview of the most recent advancements in this field. It systematically addresses corrosion inhibitors for various applications in the oil and gas value chain, as well as the fundamentals of corrosion inhibition and interference of inhibitors with co-additives. Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industries is presented in three parts. The first part on Fundamentals and Approaches focuses on principles and processes in the oil and gas industry, the types of corrosion encountered and their control methods, environmental factors affecting inhibition, material selection strategies, and economic aspects of corrosion. The second part on Choice of Inhibitors examines corrosion inhibitors for acidizing processes, inhibitors for sweet and sour corrosion, inhibitors in refinery operations, high-temperature corrosion inhibitors, inhibitors for challenging corrosive environments, inhibitors for microbiologically influenced corrosion, polymeric inhibitors, vapor phase inhibitors, and smart controlled release inhibitor systems. The last part on Interaction with Co-additives looks at industrial co-additives and their interference with corrosion inhibitors such as antiscalants, hydrate inhibitors, and sulfide scavengers. -Presents a well-structured and systematic overview of the fundamentals and factors affecting corrosion -Acts as a handy reference tool for scientists and engineers working with corrosion inhibitors for the oil and gas industries -Collectively presents all the information available on the development and application of corrosion inhibitors for the oil and gas industries -Offers a unique and specific focus on the oil and gas industries Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industries is an excellent resource for scientists in industry as well as in academia working in the field of corrosion protection for the oil and gas sectors, and will appeal to materials scientists, electrochemists, chemists, and chemical engineers.

Corrosion in Refineries

Corrosion in Refineries Book
Author : J Harston
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 1845693248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion in ageing refinery plant presents a serious safety hazard. This important book summarises key research into corrosion processes in refinery equipment, how it can be measured and controlled. The book reviews factors affecting corrosion such as carburisation and metal dusting as well as corrosion in steel and other materials used in refinery technology. It considers corrosion in a range of refinery equipment such as storage tanks, HF alkylation units, sour water strippers and insulated units. Other chapters discuss ways of testing for corrosion and cracking in refineries together with integrity and life cycle assessment techniques. There is also coverage of ways of trouble-shooting corrosion problems and preventative measures such as coating systems. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, Corrosion in refineries is a valuable reference for all those concerned with building and maintaining refineries in the petrochemical industry. Summarises key research into corrosion processes in refinery equipment Discusses ways of testing for corrosion and cracking in refineries

Fouling in Refineries

Fouling in Refineries Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2015-05-14
ISBN : 0128011459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fouling in Refineries is an important and ongoing problem that directly affects energy efficiency resulting in increased costs, production losses, and even unit shutdown, requiring costly expenditures to clean up equipment and return capacity to positive levels. This text addresses this common challenge for the hydrocarbon processing community within each unit of the refinery. As refineries today face a greater challenge of accepting harder to process heavier crudes and the ongoing flow of the lighter shale oil feedstocks, resulting in bigger challenges to balance product stability within their process equipment, this text seeks to inform all relative refinery personnel on how to monitor fouling, characterize the deposits, and follow all available treatments. With basic modeling and chemistry of fouling and each unit covered, users will learn how to operate at maximum production rates and elongate the efficiency of their refinery’s capacity. Presents an understanding of the breakdown of fouling per refinery unit, including distillation and coking units Provides all the factors, crude types, and refining blends that cause fouling, especially the unconventional feedstocks and high acid crudes used today Helps users develop an analysis-based treatment and control strategy that empowers them to operate refinery equipment at a level that prevents fouling from occurring

Corrosion Issues in Light Water Reactors

Corrosion Issues in Light Water Reactors Book
Author : D Féron,J-M Olive
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-06-22
ISBN : 1845693469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stress corrosion cracking is a major problem in light water nuclear reactors, whether pressurised water reactors (PWRs) or boiling water reactors (BWRs). The nuclear industry needs to be able to predict the service life of these power plants and develop appropriate maintenance and repair practices to ensure safe long term operation. This important book sums up key recent research on corrosion in light water reactors and its practical applications. The book is divided into four parts. It begins with an overview of materials degradation due to stress corrosion, corrosion potential monitoring and passivation. Part two summarises research on susceptibility of materials to stress corrosion cracking and the ways it can be initiated. The third part of the book considers stress corrosion crack propagation processes whilst the final part includes practical case studies of corrosion in particular plants. The book reviews corrosion in a range of materials such as low alloy steels, stainless steels and nickel-based alloys. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, Corrosion issues in light water reactors is a standard work for the nuclear industry. Summarises key recent research on corrosion in light water reactors Includes practical case studies

Novel Approaches to Improving High Temperature Corrosion Resistance

Novel Approaches to Improving High Temperature Corrosion Resistance Book
Author : M Schütze,W Quadakkers
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-05-29
ISBN : 1845694473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-temperature corrosion is a major problem affecting sectors such as the power generation, aerospace and metal-working industries. This important book summarises a wide range of research on ways of dealing with this important problem. The first part of the book reviews ways of modifying alloys to improve high-temperature corrosion resistance. The second part discusses surface treatments such as pre-treatments and coatings. The third part of the book summarises research on testing for high-temperature corrosion resistance and the development of common testing standards. It also reviews research on the behaviour of alloys in a wide range of service conditions such as furnace and boiler environments. The final part of the book discusses ways of modelling high-temperature corrosion processes to improve material performance and service life. With its distinguished editors and team of contributors drawn from some of the leading centres of research in the field, Novel approaches to improving high-temperature corrosion resistance is a standard reference for all those studying and dealing with high-temperature corrosion. Summarises a wide range of research on ways of dealing with high-temperature corrosion Discusses ways of modelling high-temperature corrosion processes to improve material performance and service life A standard reference for all those studying and dealing with high-temperature corrosion

Standardisation of Thermal Cycling Exposure Testing

Standardisation of Thermal Cycling Exposure Testing Book
Author : M Schütze,M Malessa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 1845693477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The thermal cyclic oxidation test has become one of the most widely accepted ways of measuring high temperature corrosion. There has long been a need for an agreed code of practice with standardised methods and procedures to ensure both the comparability and reliability of the results obtained. Based on an EU project, ‘Cyclic oxidation testing – development of a code of practice for the characterisation of high temperature materials performance’ (COTEST), this volume provides the essential background to an appropriate code of practice. The first part of the book reviews the range of existing test procedures. Part two summarises research on the influence of various test parameters on thermal cycling oxidation behaviour, including both long dwell and short dwell thermal cycling oxidation. The third and final part of the book describes the resulting code of practice which is being considered by the ISO/TC 156 Working Group 13 responsible for an appropriate international standard. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, this important book is a standard reference for all those conducting thermal cycling oxidation testing or assessing its implications in such sectors as the power industry. Provides the essential background for an appropriate code of practice Reviews the range of existing test procedures

Oil and Gas Corrosion Prevention

Oil and Gas Corrosion Prevention Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2014-03-13
ISBN : 0128004150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

According to NACE (National Association of Corrosion Engineers), the total annual cost of corrosion in petroleum refining takes up $3.7 billion in the US alone. Corrosion control is always a challenge for the downstream industry, but as the quality of feedstock is declining due to refineries accepting more of the heavy and shale gas and oil resources that are more readily available today, refinery managers, petroleum and natural gas engineers are unprepared for the new set of corrosion problems that are showing up in their equipment and processing units. Oil and Gas Corrosion Prevention: From Surface Facilities to Refineries quickly gets the engineer and manager up to speed on the latest types of corrosion common for these lower grade crude oils and gases as well as the best prevention methods for all of the major sections of the refinery, especially desalting and sulfur recovery units, which are the most common problem areas for unconventional feedstocks. Also covering the unique midstream sections, or point of entry to the refinery, as well as the major critical refinery equipment, Oil and Gas Corrosion Prevention: From Surface Facilities to Refineries offers the perfect quick cross-reference for the oil and gas community. Gets engineers and managers up to speed on the latest types of corrosion common for lower grade crude oils and gases Provides the best prevention methods for all of the major sections of the refinery, especially desalting and sulfur recovery units Covers additional topics such as unique midstream sections, or point of entry to the refinery, as well as major critical refinery equipment

Gas Purification

Gas Purification Book
Author : Arthur L Kohl,Richard Nielsen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1997-08-28
ISBN : 0080507204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This massively updated and expanded fifth edition is the most complete, authoritative engineering treatment of the dehydration and gas purification processes used in industry today. Of great value to design and operations engineers, it gives practical process and equipment design descriptions, basic data, plant performance results, and other detailed information on gas purification processes and hardware. This latest edition incorporates all significant advances in the field since 1985. You will find major new chapters on the rapidly expanding technologies of nitrogen oxide control, with discussions of regulatory requirements and available processes; absorption in physical solvents, covering single component and mixed solvent systems; and membrane permeation, with emphasis on the gas purification applications of membrane units. In addition, new sections cover areas of strong current interest, particularly liquid hydrocarbon treating, Claus plant tail gas treating, thermal oxidation of volatile organic compounds, and sulfur scavenging processes. This volume brings you expanded coverage of alkanolamines for hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide removal, the removal and use of ammonia in gas purification, the use of alkaline salt solutions for acid gas removal, and the use of water to absorb gas impurities. The basic technologies and all significant advances in the following areas are thoroughly described: sulfur dioxide removal and recovery processes, processes for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur, liquid phase oxidation processes for hydrogen sulfide removal, the absorption of water vapor by dehydrating solutions, gas dehydration and purification by adsorption, and the catalytic and thermal conversion of gas impurities.

The Fundamentals of Corrosion and Scaling for Petroleum Environmental Engineers

The Fundamentals of Corrosion and Scaling for Petroleum   Environmental Engineers Book
Author : George V Chilingar,Ryan Mourhatch,Ghazi D Al-Qahtani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-11-25
ISBN : 0127999914
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scale, or deposits, can build up in the wellbore tubulars and other downhole components, causing considerable damage to the life of the well. Infrastructure provides the support for the wells system and with oil and gas consumption on the rise and transportation required to feed that demand, all petroleum and pipeline engineers must have accurate corrosion and scaling information. The Fundamentals of Corrosion and Scaling for Petroleum and Environmental Engineers will provide the quick knowledge that engineers need to not only enhance the reliability of corrosion and scale control technologies but also manage scale deposits, prevent fatigue and ensure equipment integrity.

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry Second Edition

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry  Second Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 1627080945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1994, this second edition of Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry collects peer-reviewed articles written by experts in the field of corrosion that were specifically chosen for this book because of their relevance to the petrochemical industry. This edition expands coverage of the different forms of corrosion, including the effects of metallurgical variables on the corrosion of several alloys. It discusses protection methods, including discussion of corrosion inhibitors and corrosion resistance of aluminum, magnesium, stainless steels, and nickels. It also includes a section devoted specifically to petroleum and petrochemical industry related issues.

Environmental Aspects of Oil and Gas Production

Environmental Aspects of Oil and Gas Production Book
Author : J. O. Robertson,G. V. Chilingar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-06-15
ISBN : 1119117399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oil and gas still power the bulk of our world, from automobiles and the power plants that supply electricity to our homes and businesses, to jet fuel, plastics, and many other products that enrich our lives. With the relatively recent development of hydraulic fracturing ("fracking"), multilateral, directional, and underbalanced drilling, and enhanced oil recovery, oil and gas production is more important and efficient than ever before. Along with these advancements, as with any new engineering process or technology, come challenges, many of them environmental. More than just a text that outlines the environmental challenges of oil and gas production that have always been there, such as gas migration and corrosion, this groundbreaking new volume takes on the most up-to-date processes and technologies involved in this field. Filled with dozens of case studies and examples, the authors, two of the most well-known and respected petroleum engineers in the world, have outlined all of the major environmental aspects of oil and gas production and how to navigate them, achieving a more efficient, effective, and profitable operation. This groundbreaking volume is a must-have for any petroleum engineer working in the field, and for students and faculty in petroleum engineering departments worldwide.

Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines

Corrosion Under Insulation  CUI  Guidelines Book
Author : S Winnik
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-11-26
ISBN : 0081007396
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion-under-insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels that occurs underneath externally clad/jacketed insulation as a result of the penetration of water. By its very nature CUI tends to remain undetected until the insulation and cladding/jacketing is removed to allow inspection or when leaks occur. CUI is a common problem shared by the refining, petrochemical, power, industrial, onshore and offshore industries. In the first edition of this book published in 2008, the EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP15 engaged together to provide guidelines on managing CUI with contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical and offshore companies. The guidelines are intended for use on all plants and installation that contain insulated vessels, piping and equipment. The guidelines cover a risk-based inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques and recommended best practice for mitigating CUI, including design of plant and equipment, coatings and the use of thermal spray techniques, types of insulation, cladding/jacketing materials and protection guards. The guidelines also include case studies. The original document first published in 2008 was very successful and provided an important resource in the continuing battle to mitigate CUI. Many members of the EFC corrosion community requested an update and this has taken between 18-24 months to do so. Hopefully this revised document will continue to serve the community providing a practical source of information on how to monitor and manage insulated systems. Revised and fully updated technical guidance on managing CUI provided by EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP 15 Contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical and offshore companies Extensive appendices that provide additional practical guidance on the implementation of corrosion-under-insulation best practice, collected practical expertise and case studies

Nuclear Corrosion

Nuclear Corrosion Book
Author : Stefan Ritter
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-08-14
ISBN : 0128237201
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Corrosion: Research, Progress and Challenges, part of the “Green Book series of the EFC, builds upon the foundations of the very first book published in this series in 1989 (“Number 1 - Corrosion in the Nuclear Industry ). This newest volume provides an overview on state-of-the-art research in some of the most important areas of nuclear corrosion. Chapters covered include aging phenomena in light water reactors, reprocessing plants, nuclear waste disposal, and supercritical water and liquid metal systems. This book will be a vital resource for both researchers and engineers working within the nuclear field in both academic and industrial environments. Discusses industry related aspects of materials in nuclear power generation and how these materials react with the environment Provides comprehensive coverage of the topic as written by noted experts in the field Includes coverage of nuclear waste corrosion

Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines

Corrosion Under Insulation  CUI  Guidelines Book
Author : Gino De Landtsheer
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-08-22
ISBN : 0128233362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) Guidelines: Technical Guide for Managing CUI, Third Edition, Volume 55 builds upon the success of the first two editions to provide a fully up-to-date, practical source of information on how to monitor and manage insulated systems. In the first edition of this book published in 2008, the EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP15 engaged together to provide guidelines on managing CUI with contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical, and offshore companies. The guidelines were intended for use on all plants and installations that contain insulated vessels, piping, and equipment, and cover a risk-based inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques, and recommended best practices for mitigating CUI. The guidelines include design of plant and equipment, coatings and the use of thermal spray techniques, types of insulation, cladding/jacketing materials, and protection guards. Corrosion-under-insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels that occurs underneath externally clad/jacketed insulation as a result of the penetration of water. By its very nature CUI tends to remain undetected until the insulation and cladding/jacketing is removed to allow inspection, or when leaks occur. CUI is a common problem shared by the refining, petrochemical, power, industrial, onshore and offshore industries. Provides revised and updated technical guidance on managing CUI provided by EFC Working Parties 13 and 15 Discusses the standard approach to risk based inspection methodology Presents the argument that CUI is everywhere, and looks at mitigating actions that can be started from the onset Includes a wide array of concepts of corrosion mitigation

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water cooled Nuclear Reactors

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water cooled Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Damien Feron,Roger W Staehle
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-01-30
ISBN : 0081000626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water-Cooled Nuclear Reactors: The Coriou Effect presents the latest information on brittle failure of metals in corrosive chemical environments under the influence of tensile stresses. Nickel alloys are more resistant to SCC as well as high temperatures and have been widely used in more challenging environments such as nuclear power plants. However, these alloys can suffer SCC under certain conditions, resulting in component failure. A key figure in understanding the mechanisms of SCC in nickel alloys in water-cooled nuclear reactors is Henri Coriou of the CEA, France’s leading center for nuclear research. This book assesses his work in the context of the latest research on SCC in nickel alloys in nuclear power plants. Up-to-date reviews of recent research findings from leading experts in the field Authoritative and comprehensively reviewed by the Working Party 4 on Nuclear Corrosion Showcases the excellent quality and technical accomplishments of Henri Coriou and CEA