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Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution Book
Author : Jane Q. Koenig
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461545692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution provides the reader with an overview of the health effects of air pollution in human subjects. The majority of the book is devoted to the discussion of the health effects of common widespread air pollutants regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through national ambient air quality standards. The book reviews the sources and fate of common air pollutants in ambient air and researches the adverse effects of these outdoor and indoor air pollutants in `in vivo' cell systems, animals, and humans. Research for the book was conducted in controlled laboratory studies and epidemiologic studies. Special emphasis throughout Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution is placed on the effects of air pollution in subjects with asthma.

Air Pollution and Health

Air Pollution and Health Book
Author : Stephen T. Holgate,Hillel S. Koren,Jonathan M. Samet,Robert L. Maynard
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-04-21
ISBN : 0080526926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concern about the impact of air pollution has led governments and local authorities across the world to regulate, among other things, the burning of fossil fuels, industrial effluence, cigarette smoke, and aerosols. This legislation has often followed dramatic findings about the impact of pollution on human health. At the same time there have been significant developments in our ability to detect and quantify pollutants and a proliferation of urban and rural air pollution networks to monitor levels of atmospheric contamination. Air Pollution and Health is the first fully comprehensive and current account of air pollution science and it impact on human health. It ranges in scope from meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and particle physics to the causes and scope of allergic reactions and respiratory, cardiovascular, and related disorders. The book has substantial international coverage and includes sections on cost implications, risk assessment, regulation, standards, and information networks. The multidisciplinary approach and the wide range of issues covered makes this an essential book for all concerned with monitoring and regulating air pollution as well as those concerned with its impact on human health. Only comprehensive text covering all the important air pollutants and relating these to human health and regulatory bodies Brings together a wide range of issues concerning air pollution in an easily accessible format Contributions from government agencies in the US and UK provide information on public policy and resource networks in the areas of health promotion and environmental protection

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China Book
Author : Guang-Hui Dong
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-25
ISBN : 9811056579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the health impacts of air pollution in China, especially the epidemiology-based exposure-response functions for the mortality, morbidity, and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and mental health related to pollution. It also provides the latest estimates of the magnitude of the adverse effects of air pollution on the health of the Chinese population. By providing a better understanding of the impact of air pollution on health, it improves the scientific basis of risk assessment, and also helps governments develop policies and other health protection initiatives to reduce the impacts of air pollution. The book offers environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and students a comprehensive and organized body of information in the area of air pollution.

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution Book
Author : American Lung Association
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution book written by American Lung Association, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Adverse health effects of ambient air pollution

Adverse health effects of ambient air pollution Book
Author : Sics Editore
Publisher : SICS Editore
Release : 2014-10-01
ISBN : 8869309088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the exception of malodorous sulphur compounds, adverse health effects of ambient air pollutants are experienced only in built-up areas where the most hazardous compounds are respirable particles and nitrogen dioxide.

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment Book
Author : World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe,World Health Organization
Publisher : WHO Regional Office Europe
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9789289013512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide to the principles and methods of air quality assessment aimed at measuring population exposure to ambient air pollutants and estimating the effects on health. Addressed to policy-makers as well as scientists engaged in air quality monitoring, the book responds to the failure of most monitoring systems to provide data that are useful in estimating and managing threats to health. The need for exposure data on populations at special risk is also addressed. Throughout, emphasis is placed on methods of monitoring and modelling that are cost-effective, targeted, and appropriate to local and national conditions. The report has six chapters. The first introduces WHO activities related to air quality management and explains the need for monitoring systems capable of assessing health impact. The types of information required for health impact assessment are described in chapter two, which outlines several methods of monitoring and modelling that can be used to measure the level and distribution of exposure to air pollutants in populations, identify population groups with high exposure, and estimate adverse effects on health. Chapter three formulates a general concept of air quality assessment, offering advice on principles for designing a monitoring network, interpreting and reporting data, and solving problems with quality assurance. Also included is a comparison of the advantages, disadvantages, and costs of different methods for air quality monitoring. Against this background, the fourth and most extensive chapter describes specific methods for the monitoring of carbon monoxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter, benzene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, lead, and atmospheric cadmium. Monitoring strategies for each pollutant are presented according to a standard format, which covers health effects, sources and exposure patterns, monitoring methods, recommended strategies for monitoring and assessment, and a practical example. The remaining chapters offer advice on the collation, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of data, and summarize the main conclusions and recommendations of the report. Detailed technical guidelines for the use of various methods and models are provided in a series of annexes. The report also reproduces the newly revised WHO air quality guidelines for Europe.

Air Pollution

Air Pollution Book
Author : United States. General Accounting Office
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Air Pollution book written by United States. General Accounting Office, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ambient Air Pollution

Ambient Air Pollution Book
Author : EnviroComp Institute, The
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007-03-01
ISBN : 9780979254208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Air Pollution XXIV

Air Pollution XXIV Book
Author : J.W.S. Longhurst,C.A. Brebbia,J. Barnes
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2016-07-14
ISBN : 1784661295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In these proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution, international academics and air pollution practitioners contribute to the evolving understanding of the science and policy contexts of air pollution. All the books from the conference series have discussed important air pollution issues at an international, national and local level and by virtue of their truly international composition have brought to the discussion a unique suite of perspectives. The conference findings enjoy a wide and rapid dissemination amongst the air pollution science and policy communities. The management of air pollution is one of the most challenging problems facing the international community. A particular strength of the series has been the attention given to regulatory and market solutions to air pollution management. The Air Pollution series of conferences has consistently acknowledged that science remains the key to identifying the nature and scale of air pollution impacts and reaffirmed that science is essential in the formulation of policy relevant information for regulatory decision making. The conference series also acknowledged, at a very early stage, that science alone will not improve a polluted atmosphere. The scientific knowledge derived from well-designed studies needs to be allied with further technical and economic studies in order to ensure cost effective and efficient mitigation. In turn, the science, technology and economic outcomes are necessary but not sufficient. Topics covered include: Air pollution modelling; Air pollution mitigation and management; Aerosols and particles; Emission studies; Health effects; Indoor air pollution; Air data quality; Monitoring and measuring; Case studies; Air pollution control technologies; Industrial air pollution; Air pollution science; Global and regional studies; Climate change effects; GIS & remote sensing applications; Emerging pollutants; Socio economic issues; Public engagement; Policy and legislation.

An Assessment of Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution in Latin America and the Caribbean

An Assessment of Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution in Latin America and the Caribbean Book
Author : Pan American Health Organization. Area of Sustainable Development and Environmental Health
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download An Assessment of Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution in Latin America and the Caribbean book written by Pan American Health Organization. Area of Sustainable Development and Environmental Health, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Growth and Yield Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Valencia Orange Trees

The Growth and Yield Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Valencia Orange Trees Book
Author : David M. Olszyk,California. Air Resources Board
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Growth and Yield Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Valencia Orange Trees book written by David M. Olszyk,California. Air Resources Board, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sustainable Air Pollution Management

Sustainable Air Pollution Management Book
Author : Ramesha Chandrappa,Umesh Chandra Kulshrestha
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-08-21
ISBN : 3319215965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work is intended as a textbook on the theory and practice of sustainable air pollution management. The book discusses the fundamental aspects of traditional air pollution topics as well as some more advanced topics (such as atmospheric brown cloud, trans-boundary movement of air pollutants, air transportation of radioactive material, biological air pollutants, etc.). Though much has been written about theory of Air Pollution Management, it is still not practiced in society for a variety of reasons. Having worked at the grass roots level and travelled extensively, the authors have captured useful, cost-effective and successfully implemented practices with their cameras and notebooks. The non-technical issues that are often seen as a hindrance to adopting sustainable solutions due to political, legal and social factors are also addressed to enable readers to understand a different dimension of social problems. Topics covered include selecting a separation process, process description, materials selection logic, implementation etc. Theory, design and operation specifications are also included for each air pollution management option. The book is an excellent guide for those readers looking to understand and practice sustainable air pollution management. Readers also learn how energy-efficient and cost-effective methods can be successfully used to reduce the production of contaminants, providing cleaner air.

Air Pollution

Air Pollution Book
Author : Pallavi Saxena,Vaishali Naik
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2018-12-19
ISBN : 1786393891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air pollution has become a major global issue due to rapid industrialization, human population growth and increasing urbanization. The various sources of atmospheric pollutants, both those created by human activity and those from natural physical and biological processes, have become the focus of much scientific research and analysis. An understanding of how these many pollutants are affecting air quality is essential in order to design strategies to mitigate them. Written by a team of international experts, this book aims to provide a broad overview of the issues surrounding air pollution and how to control and monitor pollution levels. Beginning with a brief background on the subject, the book moves on to discuss global emissions, with an emphasis on megacities and their effects. Possible pollution control measures and methods of air pollution measurement and modelling are also explored. The book ends with descriptions of the various indices used for assessing air quality with a focus on human health impacts, and a discussion on policy making to control air pollution. The book will be useful to students of environmental science and atmospheric science, as well as environmental consultants and researchers interested in air quality . Key Features: Comprehensive introduction to the primary causes of air pollution today with an emphasis on growing urban populations and megacities Discusses both anthropogenic and biogenic emissions and their effects on human health and the environment Gives an overview of indices used today for assessing air quality and describes current methods for air pollution monitoring and modelling Discusses new technologies for mitigating the effects of air pollution and policy making for implementation of controls

Drivers and Health Impacts of Ambient Air Pollution in Slovakia

Drivers and Health Impacts of Ambient Air Pollution in Slovakia Book
Author : Weltbankgruppe
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report, created with the support of the Structural Reform Support Program of the European Commission (EC), provides an estimate of the health impacts of current concentrations of air pollutants in the Republic of Slovakia across its 72 districts (the two biggest cities are counted as one each) and evaluates the benefits of measures to reduce concentrations of pollutants relative to the costs of such measures. At the same time, a toolkit is prepared so that similar analyses can be conducted in the future. The study is motivated by the need to better understand the extent of the health consequences of the levels of ambient air pollution in Slovakia (which is among the highest in Europe) and to evaluate different actions to improve air quality in terms of their benefits relative to their costs. In this way policy actions to address air pollution can be more cost effective.

Ambient Air Pollution

Ambient Air Pollution Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report presents a summary of methods and results of the latest World Health Organization (WHO) global assessment of ambient air pollution exposure and the resulting burden of disease. To date, air pollution -- both ambient (outdoor) and household (indoor) -- is the biggest environmental risk to health, carrying responsibility for about one in every nine deaths annually. Ambient (outdoor) air pollution alone kills around 3 million people each year, mainly from noncommunicable diseases. Air pollution continues to rise at an alarming rate, and affects economies and people's quality of life; it is a public health emergency. Interventions and policies for tackling air pollution issues exist and have been proven to be effective. Air pollution has also been identified as a global health priority in the sustainable development agenda. The role of the health sector is crucial, and there is a need to engage with other sectors to maximize the co-benefits of health, climate, environment, social and development. Saving people's lives is the overarching aim to implement policies aiming at tackling air pollution in the health, transport, energy, and urban development sectors.

Review of the national ambient air quality standards for particulate matter policy sssessment of scientific and technical information

Review of the national ambient air quality standards for particulate matter policy sssessment of scientific and technical information  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 1982
ISBN : 1428904689
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Review of the national ambient air quality standards for particulate matter policy sssessment of scientific and technical information book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Association Between Ambient Air Pollution and Insomnia in Taipei City

Association Between Ambient Air Pollution and Insomnia in Taipei City Book
Author : 蔡亮如
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Association Between Ambient Air Pollution and Insomnia in Taipei City book written by 蔡亮如, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Air Pollution

Air Pollution Book
Author : U S Government Accountability Office (G,U. S. Government Accountability Office (
Publisher : BiblioGov
Release : 2013-06
ISBN : 9781289144739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) use of pollution concentration estimates obtained from air quality dispersion models in carrying out its responsibilities under the Clean Air Act, focusing on whether EPA policies: (1) on ambient air quality resulted in approval of increased emissions; and (2) ensured the consistent use of air quality models in regulatory decisions. GAO found that: (1) the EPA policy that defined ambient air as that portion of the atmosphere, external to buildings, which had public access, resulted in higher emissions limits than otherwise permitted; (2) EPA did not consider any air above company-controlled property as ambient air and exempted it from Clean Air Act requirements for air quality standards; (3) EPA stretched some policy decisions to allow some sources to increase emissions by acquiring additional land and restricting public access to it; and (4) there were four instances of noncompliance with EPA-recommended modelling policies and procedures, since EPA guidelines pertaining to model calibration were not sufficiently detailed to promote consistent understanding among model personnel.

The Impact of Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution on Educational Outcomes

The Impact of Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution on Educational Outcomes Book
Author : Yanjiao Zhang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this study, I examine if higher levels of ambient air pollution impact educational outcomes. According to the literature review, CO, O3, PM10 and PM2.5 are found to be four pollutants that could have an impact on cognitive ability, so I focus on these air pollutants. I analyze provincial test results for the province of British Columbia, and Secondary School Literacy Test results from the province of Ontario (OSSLT) with air pollution and weather data corresponding to the locations and dates in which tests took place. A longitudinal approach is used, in which test results are compared within a school over time with a fixed effects model chosen to control for school and year fixed effects. Correlations are found among the four pollutants in the two provinces, therefore, an integrated Air Quality Index (AQI) is calculated to further examine the relationship between air pollution and educational outcomes. In British Columbia, I find that there is a negative impact of ambient air pollution on student's test results: a one standard deviation increase in AQI leads to a 0.23 percentage points decrease in student average grade. Furthermore, I find that in BC, air pollution's impact on students with special needs experience about 3.4 times of the average impact of other students. In Ontario, I do not find significant association between OSSLT results and the AQI, and this might be because of not having enough observations in Ontario school dataset and lots of missing data in air pollution dataset. However, the association between ambient air pollution and OSSLT results is found to be negative overall, congruent with results from BC.

Effect of Ambient Air Pollution on the Lung and Immune System

Effect of Ambient Air Pollution on the Lung and Immune System Book
Author : Russell P. Sherwin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Effect of Ambient Air Pollution on the Lung and Immune System book written by Russell P. Sherwin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.