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Ambient Air Pollution

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Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution Book
Author : Jane Q. Koenig
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461545692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution provides the reader with an overview of the health effects of air pollution in human subjects. The majority of the book is devoted to the discussion of the health effects of common widespread air pollutants regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through national ambient air quality standards. The book reviews the sources and fate of common air pollutants in ambient air and researches the adverse effects of these outdoor and indoor air pollutants in `in vivo' cell systems, animals, and humans. Research for the book was conducted in controlled laboratory studies and epidemiologic studies. Special emphasis throughout Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution is placed on the effects of air pollution in subjects with asthma.

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China Book
Author : Guang-Hui Dong
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-25
ISBN : 9811056579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the health impacts of air pollution in China, especially the epidemiology-based exposure-response functions for the mortality, morbidity, and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and mental health related to pollution. It also provides the latest estimates of the magnitude of the adverse effects of air pollution on the health of the Chinese population. By providing a better understanding of the impact of air pollution on health, it improves the scientific basis of risk assessment, and also helps governments develop policies and other health protection initiatives to reduce the impacts of air pollution. The book offers environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and students a comprehensive and organized body of information in the area of air pollution.

Ambient Air Pollution in Beijing

Ambient Air Pollution in Beijing Book
Author : Shutian Xu
Publisher :
Release : 2019
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This research uses air pollution data, information about the locations of the air quality monitoring stations, and political events data from 2016 to 2017 to investigate the possible existence and characteristics of China's routine short-term environmental policies aimed for ambient air quality. The results of multiple difference-in-difference suggest that air quality in the urban area, where ambient air pollution levels are usually higher due to population density, is lower on diplomatic events dates, while there is limited evidence that air quality is better in the urban area on domestic events dates. Therefore, this research reveals that there are short-term policies taking place on diplomatic events dates.

Air Quality Guidelines

Air Quality Guidelines Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9289021926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents revised guideline values for the four most common air pollutants - particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide - based on a recent review of the accumulated scientific evidence. The rationale for selection of each guideline value is supported by a synthesis of information emerging from research on the health effects of each pollutant. As a result, these guidelines now also apply globally. They can be read in conjunction with Air quality guidelines for Europe, 2nd edition, which is still the authority on guideline values for all other air pollutants. As well as revised guideline values, this book makes a brief yet comprehensive review of the issues affecting the application of the guidelines in risk assessment and policy development. Further, it summarizes information on: . pollution sources and levels in various parts of the world, . population exposure and characteristics affecting sensitivity to pollution, . methods for quantifying the health burden of air pollution, and . the use of guidelines in developing air quality standards and other policy tools. Finally, the special case of indoor air pollution is explored. Prepared by a large team of renowned international experts who considered conditions in various parts of the globe, these guidelines are applicable throughout the world. They provide reliable guidance for policy-makers everywhere when considering the various options for air quality management.

Ambient Air Pollution and Its Association with Olfaction in U S Women

Ambient Air Pollution and Its Association with Olfaction in U S  Women Book
Author : Frank Daniel Purdy
Publisher :
Release : 2020
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Olfaction impairment (OI) is an often underreported, common sensory deficit that can lead to a host of adverse health conditions, quality of life issues, and is a predictor of 5-year mortality. Environmental exposures, including very fine particulate matter (PM2.5), are believed to be a potential risk factor in the loss of smell but previous research into this association has been limited. We therefore collaborated with the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences' Sister Study, which had been originally designed to examine the relationship between environmental exposures and cancer, to test a large sub-sample (n=4020) of their population in order to identify participants with olfaction impairment. Our multivariable logistic regression analysis found that those in the highest exposure group were more likely to suffer from olfaction impairment when compared to those in the lowest exposure group, with an OR = 1.55 (95% CI: 1.40, 1.72) after adjusting for all relevant confounders. Results were similar for all instances of PM2.5 yearly average measurements. Further quantile regression analyses showed that the greatest effect of ambient air pollutants on olfaction was for those whose smell tests fell below the 42nd quantile, indicating that PM2.5 may exacerbate OI rather than instigate it. We conclude that higher levels of PM2.5 were associated with olfaction impairment and that the effect may have been greater for those with an already declining sense of smell.

Annual Air Quality Report

Annual Air Quality Report Book
Author : Illinois. Environmental Protection Agency. Ambient Air Monitoring Section
Publisher :
Release : 1996
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adverse health effects of ambient air pollution

Adverse health effects of ambient air pollution Book
Author : Sics Editore
Publisher : SICS Editore
Release : 2014-10-01
ISBN : 8869309088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the exception of malodorous sulphur compounds, adverse health effects of ambient air pollutants are experienced only in built-up areas where the most hazardous compounds are respirable particles and nitrogen dioxide.

Air Pollution and Health Effects

Air Pollution and Health Effects Book
Author : Srikanth S. Nadadur,John W. Hollingsworth
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-05-06
ISBN : 1447166698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exposure to ambient air pollutants, both indoors and outdoors has been associated with the exacerbation and also in the etiology of diverse human diseases. This book offers an overview of our current understanding of air pollution health risks and how this knowledge is being used in the regulatory, therapeutic intervention measures to protect the public health and reduce the disease burden caused by acute and long-term exposure to air pollutants. Air Pollution and Health Effects provides readers with a comprehensive understanding of air pollution health risks, morbidity and the global disease burden, whilst also delivering critical review on state of the art research so as to gain a fundamental understanding of the biological mechanisms involved in the etiology of air pollution-induced diseases. Chapters range from pregnancy outcomes and pre-term birth, carcinogens in the ambient aerosol and the health consequences of indoor biomass burning. Special emphasis is placed on regional and local air pollution and its impact on global health along with suitable preventive and interventional measures. With contributions from international experts in the field this volume is a valuable guide for researchers and clinicians in toxicology, medicine and public health as well as industry and government regulatory scientists involved in health protection.

Characterization of Ambient Air Pollution for Stochastic Health Models

Characterization of Ambient Air Pollution for Stochastic Health Models Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 1981
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This research is an analysis of various measures of ambient air pollution useful in cross-sectional epidemiological investigations and rick assessments. The Chestnut Ridge area health effects investigation, which includes a cross-sectional study of respiratory symptoms in young children, is used as a case study. Four large coal-fired electric generating power plants are the dominant pollution sources in this area of western Pennsylvania. The air pollution data base includes four years of sulfur dioxide and five years of total suspended particulate concentrations at seventeen monitors. Some 70 different characterizations of pollution are constructed and tested. These include pollutant concentrations at various percentiles and averaging times, exceedence measures which show the amount of time a specified threshold concentration is exceeded, and several dosage measures which transform non-linear dose-response relationships onto pollutant concentrations.

Health Effects of Transport related Air Pollution

Health Effects of Transport related Air Pollution Book
Author : Michał Krzyżanowski,Birgit Kuna-Dibbert,Jürgen Schneider
Publisher : WHO Regional Office Europe
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9289013737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diseases related to the air pollution caused by road transport affect tens of thousands of people in the WHO Europe region each year. This publication considers the policy challenges involved in the need to reduce the related risks to public health and the environment, whilst meeting socio-economic requirements for effective transport systems. It sets out a systematic review of the literature and a comprehensive evaluation of the health hazards of transport-related air pollution, including factors determining emissions, the contribution of traffic to pollution levels, human exposure and the results of epidemiological and toxicological studies to identify and measure the health effects, and suggestions for policy actions and further research.

Fundamentals of Air Pollution

Fundamentals of Air Pollution Book
Author : Richard W. Boubel,Daniel Vallero,Donald L. Fox,Bruce Turner,Arthur C. Stern
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 0080507077
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new edition of the premier air pollution textbook is completely updated and revised to include all components of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. Fundamentals of Air Pollution, Third Edition covers the spectrum of topics pertinent to the study of air pollution: elements, sources, effects, measurement, monitoring, meteorology, and regulatory and engineering control. In addition, the textbook features new chapters on atmospheric emissions from hazardous waste sites, air pathways from hazardous waste sites, and the long-term effects of air pollution on the earth. It also presents updated information on acidic development, long-distance transport, atmospheric chemistry, and mathematical modeling. With extensive references, suggested reading lists, questions, and new figures and tables, this text will serve as an invaluable resource for students and practitioners alike. * This new edition features coverage of: Regulatory requirements of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 New developments in the modelling of air quality Air pollution control Air pollution engineering/atmospheric chemistry