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Allergens And Respiratory Pollutants

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Allergens and Respiratory Pollutants

Allergens and Respiratory Pollutants Book
Author : Marc A. Williams
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-18
ISBN : 1908818069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Allergens and respiratory pollutants is a collection of 12 authoritative papers that draws upon the collective expertise of world leaders in the fields of innate immunity, immunotoxicology and pulmonary biology. The book critically explores the biological and immunological mechanisms that contribute to immune dysfunction on exposure to allergens and the susceptibility to infectious disease on exposure to ambient pollutants. The clinical relevance of exposure to ambient airborne xenobiotics is critically discussed and collectively, this book provides an educational forum that links the health effects of environmental exposures, immune dysfunction and inflammatory airways disease. Discusses recent advances in our understanding of cell-mediated innate immune mechanisms that occur during allergic inflammation and provides important timely coverage of diseases of concern and how such diseases are influenced by a dysfunctional immune system Provides useful information on linking environmental 'danger signals' that provoke immune dysfunction and exacerbation of existing disease Draws upon the collective expertise of an international college of leaders in the field, but also provides chapters that provide essential reference material

Allergens and Respiratory Pollutants The Role of Innate Immunity

Allergens and Respiratory Pollutants  The Role of Innate Immunity Book
Author : Marc A. Williams
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2011-08-01
ISBN : 9780081017166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Allergens and Respiratory Pollutants The Role of Innate Immunity book written by Marc A. Williams, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Allergy E Book

Allergy E Book Book
Author : Stephen T Holgate,Martin K. Church,David H. Broide,Fernando D Martinez
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2011-10-11
ISBN : 0702050415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new edition of Allergy, by Drs. Stephen Holgate, Martin Church, David Broide, and Fernando Martinez, uses an enhanced clinical focus to provide the clear, accessible guidance you need to treat allergy patients. A more consistent format throughout features new differential diagnosis and treatment algorithms, updated therapeutic drug information in each chapter, and additional coverage of pediatric allergies. With current discussions of asthma, allergens, pollutants, drug treatment, and more, this comprehensive resource is ideal for any non-specialist who treats patients with allergies. Prescribe appropriate therapies and effectively manage patients’ allergies using detailed treatment protocols. Identify allergic conditions quickly and easily with algorithms that provide at-a-glance assistance. Explore topics in greater detail using extensive references to key literature. Manage allergies in both adult and pediatric patients using coverage of treatment practices for both in each chapter. Stay current on hot topics including asthma, allergens, pollutants, and more. Get up-to-date coverage of cell-based condition with brand new chapters on Eosinophilia: Clinical Manifestations and Therapeutic Options and Systemic Mastocytosis. Apply the latest best practices through new and updated treatment algorithms. Find therapeutic drug information more easily with guidance incorporated into each chapter.

Advanced Topics in Environmental Health and Air Pollution Case Studies

Advanced Topics in Environmental Health and Air Pollution Case Studies Book
Author : Anca Moldoveanu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-08-29
ISBN : 9533075252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book describes the effects of air pollutants, from the indoor and outdoor spaces, on the human physiology. Air pollutants can influence inflammation biomarkers, can influence the pathogenesis of chronic cough, can influence reactive oxygen species (ROS) and can induce autonomic nervous system interactions that modulate cardiac oxidative stress and cardiac electrophysiological changes, can participate in the onset and exacerbation of upper respiratory and cardio-vascular diseases, can lead to the exacerbation of asthma and allergic diseases. The book also presents how the urban environment can influence and modify the impact of various pollutants on human health.

Clearing the Air

Clearing the Air Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Committee on the Assessment of Asthma and Indoor Air
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2000-04-24
ISBN : 9780309132732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since about 1980, asthma prevalence and asthma-related hospitalizations and deaths have increased substantially, especially among children. Of particular concern is the high mortality rate among African Americans with asthma. Recent studies have suggested that indoor exposures--to dust mites, cockroaches, mold, pet dander, tobacco smoke, and other biological and chemical pollutants--may influence the disease course of asthma. To ensure an appropriate response, public health and education officials have sought a science-based assessment of asthma and its relationship to indoor air exposures. Clearing the Air meets this need. This book examines how indoor pollutants contribute to asthma-- its causation, prevalence, triggering, and severity. The committee discusses asthma among the general population and in sensitive subpopulations including children, low-income individuals, and urban residents. Based on the most current findings, the book also evaluates the scientific basis for mitigating the effects of indoor air pollutants implicated in asthma. The committee identifies priorities for public health policy, public education outreach, preventive intervention, and further research.

The Influence of the School Environment on Asthma and Other Health Conditions in Primary School Children

The Influence of the School Environment on Asthma and Other Health Conditions in Primary School Children Book
Author : Guicheng Zhang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Their houses were measured for air pollutants and dust allergens twice: winter and summer. House indoor pollutant measurement showed that although the target school and the control schools were matched as closely as possible there were still some differences in levels of some pollutants and allergens in domestic environments between the target and control schools. Children in domestic environments have a significant exposure to Der pl, Fel dl, PM10, ultrafine particles, HCHO and NO2. Nine hundred and ninety six students from the 'low allergen' school (173) and the control schools (823) participated in the questionnaire survey. The questionnaire survey showed that compared to the control schools, the 'low allergen' school did not significantly reduce the prevalence of most respiratory symptoms, asthma and other allergic conditions in children. However, the 'low allergen' school appeared to have a significantly lower rate of the respiratory symptom "Woken up with shortness of breath", relative to the control schools. Moreover, the 'low allergen' school seemed to decrease the symptom occurrence of rhinitis in children across the whole year except for winter, compared to the control schools. In conclusion, although the 'low allergen' school has improved indoor environmental quality to some extent, it did not significantly decrease the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, asthma and other allergic conditions with a few ambiguous exceptions. The present study further highlights the complexity of implementing 'healthy building' concepts in schools. In order to improve school indoor quality, and thus decrease the prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms in children, much more effort needs to be made in Western Australia and elsewhere.ighty-

Advanced Topics in Environmental Health and Air Pollution Case Studies

Advanced Topics in Environmental Health and Air Pollution Case Studies Book
Author : Anca Moldoveanu
Publisher : IntechOpen
Release : 2011-08-29
ISBN : 9789533075259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book describes the effects of air pollutants, from the indoor and outdoor spaces, on the human physiology. Air pollutants can influence inflammation biomarkers, can influence the pathogenesis of chronic cough, can influence reactive oxygen species (ROS) and can induce autonomic nervous system interactions that modulate cardiac oxidative stress and cardiac electrophysiological changes, can participate in the onset and exacerbation of upper respiratory and cardio-vascular diseases, can lead to the exacerbation of asthma and allergic diseases. The book also presents how the urban environment can influence and modify the impact of various pollutants on human health.

Prevention of Respiratory Diseases

Prevention of Respiratory Diseases Book
Author : Marcel Goldberg
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1993-08-23
ISBN : 9780824788506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume covers advances in the field of respiratory diseases, reflecting the recent and dramatic expansion of knowledge regarding the determinants of respiratory health, screening tests for early pulmonary lesions, therapeutic interventions for respiratory infections and strategies for prevention. It examines indoor and outdoor environmental sources of respiratory diseases, including levels of pollutants, air conditioning, indoor air quality and airborne allergens. Exploring ways to promote the respiratory health of both the individual and the community, Prevention of Respiratory Diseases covers areas including: the role of most of the known extrinsic and potentially preventable determinants in respiratory diseases; developments in epidemiology and children's respiratory health; the relationship between respiratory diseases and occupations; individual sensitivity or susceptibility to the effects of air pollutants; genetic, epidemiological and immunological markers, markers for bronchial cancer and the protease-antiprotease system; and the connection between tobacco smoke and respiratory diseases.;This resource is intended for pulmonologists, clinical immunologists and allergists, oncologists, physiologists, infectious disease specialists, respiratory therapists and graduate and medical school students in these disciplines.

The Lung

The Lung Book
Author : Kent Pinkerton,Richard Harding,Charles Plopper
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-11-21
ISBN : 0080481353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique book provides a concise account, written by world authorities in their fields, of how the mammalian lung grows and matures before birth and how the lungs, and their ability to function well, can be affected by the environment and by genetic factors, both before and after birth. It provides an understanding of the basis of some major lung diseases affecting infants and children. The book also deals with how the lung changes with age, and how the process of lung aging can be affected by the environment. * Discusses the mechanisms that regulate the initial events of lung morphogenesis * Provides a better understanding of the cellular and biochemical events involved in alveolarization * Development of the pulmonary immune system and how the exposure to allergens during development may lead to diseases such as asthma

How Indoor Air Quality Affects Your Health

How Indoor Air Quality Affects Your Health Book
Author : Manfred Kaiser
Publisher : ReadHowYouWant.com
Release : 2008-08-22
ISBN : 1427090769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

HEALTH PROFESSIONALS HAVE FOUND THAT THE AIR PEOPLE BREATHE IN THEIR HOMES IS LIKELY TO BE TWO TO FIVE TIMES MORE POLLUTED THAN THE AIR THEY INHALE OUTSIDE. INDOOR AIR POLLUTION IS RANKED IN THE TOP FIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS TO OUR HEALTH. How Indoor Air Quality Affects Your Health and what you can do about it provides in-depth information on the effects to our health of the many pollutants in the home and how we can eradicate them and breathe clean, fresh air.

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : WHO Regional Office Europe
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9289041684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial pollution is a key element of indoor air pollution. It is caused by hundreds of species of bacteria and fungi, in particular filamentous fungi (mould), growing indoors when sufficient moisture is available. This document provides a comprehensive review of the scientific evidence on health problems associated with building moisture and biological agents. The review concludes that the most important effects are increased prevalences of respiratory symptoms, allergies and asthma as well as perturbation of the immunological system. The document also summarizes the available information on the conditions that determine the presence of mould and measures to control their growth indoors. WHO guidelines for protecting public health are formulated on the basis of the review. The most important means for avoiding adverse health effects is the prevention (or minimization) of persistent dampness and microbial growth on interior surfaces and in building structures. [Ed.]

Lung Inflammation

Lung Inflammation Book
Author : Kian Chung Ong
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2014-05-14
ISBN : 9535113739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In order to perform its function in gas exchange, the lungs and all components of the respiratory system are constantly exposed to pathogens, toxins, pollutants, irritants, and allergens in the environment. Lung inflammation involves an array of mechanisms to defend the lung against these extrinsic agents and to repair injured tissue. Additionally, the lungs are a frequent target at risk to conditions associated with systemic inflammation that cause multi-organ damage. The inflammatory reaction in the lung is a complex and dynamic process, and our understanding in this field is rapidly progressing. Further elucidation of the complexity of inflammation will likely improve the clinicians approach to as well as the treatment of a myriad of lung disorders. The chapters in this book are selected topics of current interest in lung inflammation.

Middleton s Allergy E Book

Middleton s Allergy E Book Book
Author : N. Franklin Adkinson Jr.,Bruce S Bochner,A Wesley Burks,William W Busse,Stephen T Holgate,Robert F Lemanske,Robyn E O'Hehir
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2013-09-18
ISBN : 032311332X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This best-selling resource has a worldwide reputation as the leader in its field. Focusing on human immunology and biology, while also reporting on scientific experimentation and advancement, it provides comprehensive coverage of state-of-the-art basic science as well as authoritative guidance on the practical aspects of day-to-day diagnosis and management. This new edition includes 700 full-color illustrations and a new, more accessible format to make finding information a snap for the busy practitioner. Includes a glossary of allergy and immunology for quick and easy reference. Contains keypoints and clinical pearls highlighted to find important information quickly. links to useful online resources both for you and for your patients. Offers contributions from hundreds of international authorities for world-class expertise in overcoming any clinical challenge. Contains 400 new illustrations, 700 in all, to better illustrate complex immunology. Covers the very latest in the field, including hot topics such as food allergy and immunotherapy. Includes the latest guidelines from The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP). Utilizes a new, more user-friendly full-color format for easier reference.

Allergy and Allergic Diseases

Allergy and Allergic Diseases Book
Author : A. Barry Kay,Jean Bousquet,Patrick G. Holt,Allen P. Kaplan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-01-26
ISBN : 144430092X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reserve your copy now This two volume book is an outstanding reference source on allaspects of allergy and allergic diseases. Covering virtually everyallergic condition, from the immunological and molecular basis ofthe allergic response to future trends in allergic diseaseprevention, this new international editorial team (A.B.Kay, JeanBousquet, Pat Holt and Allen Kaplan) have completely revised andupdated the text, from both a scientific and clinical perspective.References will continue to be added to the text until it goes topress making this the most up-to-date book available in thefield. This second edition consists of more than 1,800 pages containedwithin 98 chapters. The price includes a fully searchable companion CD ROM with thecomplete text and over 300 images from the book in full colour.

Diagnosis Prevention and Treatment of Exercise Related Asthma Respiratory and Allergic Disorders in Sports

Diagnosis  Prevention and Treatment of Exercise Related Asthma  Respiratory and Allergic Disorders in Sports Book
Author : K-H. Carlsen,L. Delgado,S. Del Giacco
Publisher : European Respiratory Society
Release : 2005
ISBN : 1904097871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Asthma and allergy represent increasing problems for the actively competing athlete. The prevalence of exercise-induced asthma (EIA) has increased over the last two decades, especially amongst elite endurance athletes; it has been reported that high-level endurance training in particular may increase bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and cause inflammation in the airways. Intensive endurance training and competition, together with environmental influences, are thought to be causative factors. For winter sports, inhaled cold air represents such an environmental factor; moreover, exposure of c.

Climate Change and Allergy An Issue of Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America E Book

Climate Change and Allergy  An Issue of Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America  E Book Book
Author : Jae Won Oh
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2020-11-30
ISBN : 032379386X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This issue of Immunology and Allergy Clinics, guest edited by Dr. Jae Won Oh, is devoted to Climate Change and Allergy. Articles in this issue include: Climate change and air pollution: Effects on respiratory allergy, Climate change and its direct and indirect effects on the allergy epidemic, Climate change, aeroallergens and allergic disease: the view from the southern hemisphere, Allergenic pollen season variations in the past two decades under changing climate in the United States, Climate Change and Pollen Allergy in India and the other South Asian Countries, Climate change: extreme weather events in Australia and their impact on allergic diseases, Climate change, air pollution and biodiversity in Asia Pacific and impact on allergic diseases, The Role of Extreme Weather and Climate Events on Asthma Outcomes, Insect migration and changes in venom allergy due to climate change, The impact of climate change on pollen allergy and sensitization rate to pollen, Effect of Climate Change on Allergenic Airborne Pollen in Japan for people with pollen allergy, Forecast for pollen allergy, and more.

Chemical Microbiological Health and Comfort Aspects of Indoor Air Quality State of the Art in SBS

Chemical  Microbiological  Health and Comfort Aspects of Indoor Air Quality   State of the Art in SBS Book
Author : Helmut Knöppel,Peder Wolkoff
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 940158088X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interest in indoor air quality (IAQ) is growing at public, political and scientific levels. Complaints about poor IAQ, associated with acute symptoms such as mucous irritation, headaches and bad odor occur frequently, particularly in the office environment, where typical patterns of symptoms often occur, leading to the coining of the term `Sick Building Syndrome'. In the present book, internationally known experts address the following issues: the dynamics of the indoor environment and strategies for indoor measurement chemical and microbiological pollution, important species, sources and detection methods effects of indoor pollution, in particular sensory irritation, including odor airway, eye and skin irritation by organic indoor pollutants and their assessment immune effects, including allergic sensitization chemical hyper-responsiveness controlled human reactions to organic pollutants building investigation: approaches and results source characterization and control criteria, norms and techniques in indoor air pollution, and regulatory aspects. The complex, multifactorial nature of sick building syndrome requires multidisciplinary collaboration from very diverse fields. It is evident that communication between researchers coming from very different areas, all speaking their own language, is a difficult task. This book, presenting as it does the state of the art on sick buildings and how to cure them, is a sound foundation on which to build for the future.

New Developments in Asthma Research

New Developments in Asthma Research Book
Author : Amy P. Miller
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781600210549
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Asthma is a disease that affects the lungs. It causes repeated episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and night-time or early morning coughing. Tens of millions of people throughout the world suffer from asthma. Airways are the paths that carry air to the lungs. As the air moves through the lungs, the airways become smaller, like branches of a tree. During an attack, the sides of the airways in the lungs become inflamed and swollen. Muscles around the airways tighten, and less air passes in and out of the lungs. Excess mucus forms in the airways, clogging them even more. The attack, also called an episode, can include coughing, chest tightness, wheezing, and trouble breathing. Environmental exposures, such as house dust mites and environmental tobacco smoke, are important triggers of an attack. This book presents important new research on the causes on asthma as well as its diagnosis and treatment.

Trends in Asthma Research

Trends in Asthma Research Book
Author : Miroslav Tersa
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781594541483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Asthma is a disease that affects the lungs. It causes repeated episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and night-time or early morning coughing. Tens of millions of people throughout the world suffer from asthma. Airways are the paths that carry air to the lungs. As the air moves through the lungs, the airways become smaller, like branches of a tree. During an attack, the sides of the airways in the lungs become inflamed and swollen. Muscles around the airways tighten, and less air passes in and out of the lungs. Excess mucus forms in the airways, clogging them even more. The attack, also called an episode, can include coughing, chest tightness, wheezing, and trouble breathing. Environmental exposures, such as house dust mites and environmental tobacco smoke, are important triggers of an attack. This new book presents important new research on the causes on asthma as well as its diagnosis and treatment.

Allergic Diseases

Allergic Diseases Book
Author : Celso Pereira
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-04-22
ISBN : 9535120441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Allergic diseases are one of the most prevalent diseases in the present with an undeniable correlation with development conditions and with the surrounding environment. Thus, it becomes imperative that the gradual understanding of the pathophysiology and treatment strategies may be convenient for wide dissemination in the scientific community. The chapters included in the book Allergic diseases New Insights addressed a variety of important topics related to distinct aspects related to allergy. The contribution of outstanding expert authors from many countries provided update reviews on basic, clinical and treatment aspects and put in evidence further research regarding the knowledge of immune system responses and key points of allergic inflammatory reactions.