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All The Shahs Men

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All the Shah s Men

All the Shah s Men Book
Author : Stephen Kinzer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2003
ISBN : 047018549X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A new edition of the best-selling study of the Iran-U.S. conflict traces the events leading to the 1953 coup in Iran, noting the reasons behind the U.S.'s covert operations under the joint authority of Eisenhower and Churchill, the orchestrations of prime minister Mossadegh and CIA officer Kermit Roosevelt, the coup's ongoing consequences, and future conflict. Original.

All the Shah s Men

All the Shah s Men Book
Author : Stephen Kinzer
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 2008-01-02
ISBN : 9780470580417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With a thrilling narrative that sheds much light on recent events, this national bestseller brings to life the 1953 CIA coup in Iran that ousted the country’s elected prime minister, ushered in a quarter-century of brutal rule under the Shah, and stimulated the rise of Islamic fundamentalism and anti-Americanism in the Middle East. Selected as one of the best books of the year by the Washington Post and The Economist, it now features a new preface by the author on the folly of attacking Iran.

All the Shah s Men

All the Shah s Men Book
Author : Gail Rose Thompson
Publisher : Outskirts Press
Release : 2015-12-23
ISBN : 9781478765134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the wife of an American businessman I spent the better part of the 1970's in Iran and saw the boom of the Shah's development and great vision for Iran to be recognized internationally, in every field; it was to be Iran's Great Civilization. An invitation to work for the Imperial Court as a horse trainer enabled me to see many of the royal family in informal moments; it also gave me an entree into high society, to watch the upper class Iranians at play. Many generals and court officials spent much of their time junketing and enjoying all kinds of sports activities in which they indulged themselves to the fullest, in Tehran and costal resorts. This is a book of stories and anecdotes about my life during the "Golden Years" of the reign of Mohamed Reza Shahanshah Aryamehr of Iran. There were times of joy, fun, stress, accomplishment and sadness during my years living in that beautiful Middle Eastern country. Much has been said of the failure of the American officials to see what was coming in Iran soon enough to begin corrective action however, I don't think much could have been done to stop the Revolution. Iran now, with its youthful population, that had no part in the Islamic movement, is begging to become an accepted part of the International system."

Reset

Reset Book
Author : Stephen Kinzer
Publisher : Macmillan
Release : 2010-06-08
ISBN : 9781429948289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The bestselling author of Overthrow offers a new and surprising vision for rebuilding America's strategic partnerships in the Middle East What can the United States do to help realize its dream of a peaceful, democratic Middle East? Stephen Kinzer offers a surprising answer in this paradigm-shifting book. Two countries in the region, he argues, are America's logical partners in the twenty-first century: Turkey and Iran. Besides proposing this new "power triangle," Kinzer also recommends that the United States reshape relations with its two traditional Middle East allies, Israel and Saudi Arabia. This book provides a penetrating, timely critique of America's approach to the world's most volatile region, and offers a startling alternative. Kinzer is a master storyteller with an eye for grand characters and illuminating historical detail. In this book he introduces us to larger-than-life figures, like a Nebraska schoolteacher who became a martyr to democracy in Iran, a Turkish radical who transformed his country and Islam forever, and a colorful parade of princes, politicians, women of the world, spies, oppressors, liberators, and dreamers. Kinzer's provocative new view of the Middle East is the rare book that will richly entertain while moving a vital policy debate beyond the stale alternatives of the last fifty years.

Operation Ajax

Operation Ajax Book
Author : Mike de Seve
Publisher : Verso Books
Release : 2020-08-18
ISBN : 1781689253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphic true-life spy thriller about the CIA mission that overthrew Iran’s democracy The year is 1953. As the value of oil skyrockets, global power brokers begin to take interest in the political regimes of the Middle East. British agents have controlled Iranian oil exports for a generation, but the Shah’s hold on peace is shaky as a charismatic leader enters the scene. Mohammed Mossadegh’s calls to overthrow the elites resonates among the people, and as rumors circulate of an impending revolt, American, British and Persian agents hatch plans of overthrow. Deals are made behind closed doors. Every actor has a stake. Iran’s oil will flow, by any means necessary. Operation Ajax is the story of the CIA coup that removed the democratically elected Mossadegh and reinstated the monarchy. Introduced by New York Times–bestselling author of All the Shah’s Men, Stephen Kinzer, Operation Ajax is a thrilling tale of real-life intrigue.

Overthrow

Overthrow Book
Author : Stephen Kinzer
Publisher : Macmillan
Release : 2007-02-06
ISBN : 9781429905374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A fast-paced narrative history of the coups, revolutions, and invasions by which the United States has toppled fourteen foreign governments -- not always to its own benefit "Regime change" did not begin with the administration of George W. Bush, but has been an integral part of U.S. foreign policy for more than one hundred years. Starting with the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893 and continuing through the Spanish-American War and the Cold War and into our own time, the United States has not hesitated to overthrow governments that stood in the way of its political and economic goals. The invasion of Iraq in 2003 is the latest, though perhaps not the last, example of the dangers inherent in these operations. In Overthrow, Stephen Kinzer tells the stories of the audacious politicians, spies, military commanders, and business executives who took it upon themselves to depose monarchs, presidents, and prime ministers. He also shows that the U.S. government has often pursued these operations without understanding the countries involved; as a result, many of them have had disastrous long-term consequences. In a compelling and provocative history that takes readers to fourteen countries, including Cuba, Iran, South Vietnam, Chile, and Iraq, Kinzer surveys modern American history from a new and often surprising perspective. "Detailed, passionate and convincing . . . [with] the pace and grip of a good thriller." -- Anatol Lieven, The New York Times Book Review

Poisoner in Chief

Poisoner in Chief Book
Author : Stephen Kinzer
Publisher : Henry Holt and Company
Release : 2019-09-10
ISBN : 1250140447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The bestselling author of All the Shah’s Men and The Brothers tells the astonishing story of the man who oversaw the CIA’s secret drug and mind-control experiments of the 1950s and ’60s. The visionary chemist Sidney Gottlieb was the CIA’s master magician and gentlehearted torturer—the agency’s “poisoner in chief.” As head of the MK-ULTRA mind control project, he directed brutal experiments at secret prisons on three continents. He made pills, powders, and potions that could kill or maim without a trace—including some intended for Fidel Castro and other foreign leaders. He paid prostitutes to lure clients to CIA-run bordellos, where they were secretly dosed with mind-altering drugs. His experiments spread LSD across the United States, making him a hidden godfather of the 1960s counterculture. For years he was the chief supplier of spy tools used by CIA officers around the world. Stephen Kinzer, author of groundbreaking books about U.S. clandestine operations, draws on new documentary research and original interviews to bring to life one of the most powerful unknown Americans of the twentieth century. Gottlieb’s reckless experiments on “expendable” human subjects destroyed many lives, yet he considered himself deeply spiritual. He lived in a remote cabin without running water, meditated, and rose before dawn to milk his goats. During his twenty-two years at the CIA, Gottlieb worked in the deepest secrecy. Only since his death has it become possible to piece together his astonishing career at the intersection of extreme science and covert action. Poisoner in Chief reveals him as a clandestine conjurer on an epic scale.

The Brothers John Foster Dulles Allen Dulles and Their Secret World War

The Brothers  John Foster Dulles  Allen Dulles  and Their Secret World War Book
Author : Stephen Kinzer
Publisher : Macmillan
Release : 2013-10-01
ISBN : 1429953527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A joint biography of John Foster Dulles and Allen Dulles, who led the United States into an unseen war that decisively shaped today's world During the 1950s, when the Cold War was at its peak, two immensely powerful brothers led the United States into a series of foreign adventures whose effects are still shaking the world. John Foster Dulles was secretary of state while his brother, Allen Dulles, was director of the Central Intelligence Agency. In this book, Stephen Kinzer places their extraordinary lives against the background of American culture and history. He uses the framework of biography to ask: Why does the United States behave as it does in the world? The Brothers explores hidden forces that shape the national psyche, from religious piety to Western movies—many of which are about a noble gunman who cleans up a lawless town by killing bad guys. This is how the Dulles brothers saw themselves, and how many Americans still see their country's role in the world. Propelled by a quintessentially American set of fears and delusions, the Dulles brothers launched violent campaigns against foreign leaders they saw as threats to the United States. These campaigns helped push countries from Guatemala to the Congo into long spirals of violence, led the United States into the Vietnam War, and laid the foundation for decades of hostility between the United States and countries from Cuba to Iran. The story of the Dulles brothers is the story of America. It illuminates and helps explain the modern history of the United States and the world. A Kirkus Reviews Best Nonfiction Book of 2013

The Tehran Conviction

The Tehran Conviction Book
Author : Tom Gabbay
Publisher : Harper Collins
Release : 2009-06-09
ISBN : 0061885991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“Told against the background of a real-life CIA coup, The Tehran Conviction mixes historical fact with vivid storytelling in ways that will delight readers of both.” —Stephen Kinzer, New York Times Bestselling author of All the Shah’s Men Bestselling thriller writer Jack Higgins calls Tom Gabbay, “John le Carré with a witty ironic edge.” In The Tehran Conviction, the acclaimed author of The Berlin Conspiracy and The Lisbon Crossing sends Agent Jack Teller to Iran during two equally volatile times in the nation’s recent history: on the eve of a CIA-sponsored coup in1953, and in 1979, the year of the infamous Islamic revolution. Denver’s Rocky Mountain News advises you to, “add [Gabbay’s] name to the must-read list of thriller writers.” Read The Tehran Conviction and see why.

Crescent and Star

Crescent and Star Book
Author : Stephen Kinzer
Publisher : Macmillan
Release : 2008-09-16
ISBN : 0374531404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reports on conditions in Turkey at the beginning of the twenty-first century, looking at the country's potential to become a world leader, and examining the factors that could keep that from happening.

A Thousand Hills

A Thousand Hills Book
Author : Stephen Kinzer,Visiting Fellow at the Watson Institute for International Studies Stephen Kinzer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 2008-06-03
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The life story of one-time revolutionary Paul Kagame describes how he returned from exile to lead a modern-day coup, rose to the position of president of the devastated country of Rwanda, and has led an effective and ambitious campaign to stabilize and revive his once shattered nation. By the author of All the Shah's Men.

ReTargeting Iran

ReTargeting Iran Book
Author : David Barsamian
Publisher : City Lights Books
Release : 2020-09-15
ISBN : 0872868311
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A timely primer on the conflict between the United States and Iran by scholars of Middle Eastern politics who advocate diplomacy and de-escalation. The United States and Iran seem to be permanently locked in a dangerous cycle of brinkmanship and violence. Both countries have staged cyber attacks and recently shot down one another’s aircrafts. Why do both countries seem intent on escalation? Why did the U.S. abandon the nuclear deal (which, according to the UN, was working)? Where can Washington and Tehran find common ground? To address these questions and the political and historical forces at play, David Barsamian presents the perspectives of Iran scholars Ervand Abrahamian, Noam Chomsky, Nader Hashemi, Azadeh Moaveni, and Trita Parsi. A follow-up to the previously published Targeting Iran, this timely book continues to affirm the goodwill between Iranian and American people, even as their respective governments clash on the international stage. Praise for ReTargeting Iran: "In a Q&A format about the continued demonization of Iran by the U.S., [David] Barsamian gets at the key to the deterioration of the relationship between the two nations. … [T]he discussion is astute and relevant."—Kirkus Reviews "A necessary and timely education on one of the most politically fraught and historically significant relationships of our time. I devoured these smart, insightful interviews with five important Iran scholars, about the struggle between two countries that have both been our home."—Dina Nayeri, author of The Ungrateful Refugee: What Immigrants Never Tell You "This little book contains more wisdom about Iran than exists in the White House, Congress, the State Department, and the Pentagon combined. Anyone who wants to understand the world's most misunderstood country will find no better source."—Stephen Kinzer, Author of All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror "Many journalists and academics have written books about Iran. But ReTargeting Iran fills an important gap, a book sharply critical of U.S. policy and the Iranian government. David Barsamian provides timely interviews with major analysts that sets the record straight. It's a highly accessible read and a great introduction to the U.S.-Iran conflict."—Reese Erlich, author of The Iran Agenda Today: The Real Story Inside Iran and What's Wrong with U.S. Policy. "ReTargeting Iran is a facts-only objective account of where America has gone wrong, stupidly wrong—yet again—in its foreign policy, dominated by a mythical belief that Iran has an active nuclear weapons program. All one needs to know about the threat is this: as of mid-2020, the United States had no less than thirty-five military bases, manned by 65,000 soldiers, ready go to war in the nations immediately surrounding our feared adversary."—Seymour M. Hersh, author of Reporter: A Memoir

The True Flag

The True Flag Book
Author : Stephen Kinzer
Publisher : Henry Holt and Company
Release : 2017-01-24
ISBN : 1627792171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The bestselling author of Overthrow and The Brothers brings to life the forgotten political debate that set America’s interventionist course in the world for the twentieth century and beyond. How should the United States act in the world? Americans cannot decide. Sometimes we burn with righteous anger, launching foreign wars and deposing governments. Then we retreat—until the cycle begins again. No matter how often we debate this question, none of what we say is original. Every argument is a pale shadow of the first and greatest debate, which erupted more than a century ago. Its themes resurface every time Americans argue whether to intervene in a foreign country. Revealing a piece of forgotten history, Stephen Kinzer transports us to the dawn of the twentieth century, when the United States first found itself with the chance to dominate faraway lands. That prospect thrilled some Americans. It horrified others. Their debate gripped the nation. The country’s best-known political and intellectual leaders took sides. Theodore Roosevelt, Henry Cabot Lodge, and William Randolph Hearst pushed for imperial expansion; Mark Twain, Booker T. Washington, and Andrew Carnegie preached restraint. Only once before—in the period when the United States was founded—have so many brilliant Americans so eloquently debated a question so fraught with meaning for all humanity. All Americans, regardless of political perspective, can take inspiration from the titans who faced off in this epic confrontation. Their words are amazingly current. Every argument over America’s role in the world grows from this one. It all starts here.

Crescent and Star

Crescent and Star Book
Author : Stephen Kinzer
Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Release : 2001-09-22
ISBN : 1429979399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A sharp, spirited appreciation of where Turkey stands now, and where it may head." —Carlin Romano, The Philadelphia Inquirer In the first edition of this widely praised book, Stephen Kinzer made the convincing claim that Turkey was the country to watch -- poised between Europe and Asia, between the glories of its Ottoman past and its hopes for a democratic future, between the dominance of its army and the needs of its civilian citizens, between its secular expectations and its Muslim traditions. In this newly revised edition of Crescent and Star, he adds much important new information on the many exciting transformations in Turkey's government and politics that have kept it in the headlines, and also shows how recent developments in both American and European policies (and not only the war in Iraq) have affected this unique and perplexing nation.

Iran United States Relations

Iran   United States Relations Book
Author : Source Wikipedia
Publisher : University-Press.org
Release : 2013-09
ISBN : 9781230595108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 157. Chapters: Nuclear program of Iran, 1953 Iranian coup d'etat, Iran hostage crisis, Opposition to military action against Iran, Jundallah, United States support for Iraq during the Iran-Iraq war, Timeline of nuclear program of Iran, Iran Air Flight 655, 1983 Beirut barracks bombing, Diplomatic tensions between Iran and the United States, Scott Ritter, Operation Eagle Claw, Abadan Crisis timeline, October surprise conspiracy theory, CIA activities in Iran, Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, William J. Fallon, Operation Praying Mantis, Lawrence Franklin espionage scandal, U.S. sanctions against Iran, Shahram Amiri, University of Chicago Persian antiquities crisis, U.S. raid on the Iranian Liaison Office in Arbil, 2008 U.S.-Iranian naval dispute, 2009-2011 detention of Americans by Iran, United Against Nuclear Iran, 2007 Gasoline Rationing Plan in Iran, Operation Earnest Will, Operation Prime Chance, Project Dark Gene, Canadian Caper, USS Samuel B. Roberts, Iranium, Sanctions against Iranian scientists, USA kill or capture strategy in Iraq, Bomb Iran, United States oil politics, Filipino Monkey, Operation Nimble Archer, Esha Momeni, American military action against Iran, Kidnapping of Jalal Sharafi, Trita Parsi, Persian Gulf Command, Robert Levinson, Iran and Libya Sanctions Act, Hands Off the People of Iran, All the Shah's Men, Great Satan, Panha 2091, Iranian frigate Sahand, American Institute of Iranian Studies, United States Ambassador to Iran, Hossein Alikhani, U.S. Embassy, Tehran, Iran Ajr, United States v. Banki, National Iranian American Council, Operation Eager Glacier, Iran - United States Claims Tribunal, Operation Merlin, United Nations Security Council Resolution 616, Iranian Directorate, United Nations Security Council Resolution 461, Toophan, Algiers Accords, ..

Iran Agenda

Iran Agenda Book
Author : Reese Erlich,Robert Scheer
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-01-08
ISBN : 1317257375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First Published in 2016. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an Informa company.

Dateline Havana

Dateline Havana Book
Author : Reese Erlich,Stephen Kinzer
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-01-08
ISBN : 1317261593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expertly researched and deftly reported, Dateline Havana is a probing exposé of U.S. policy and the future of Cuba on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Cuban Revolution. Covering art, music, and Cuban politics, Reese Erlich creates a tableau that is at once moving and informative.

Oil Power and War

Oil  Power  and War Book
Author : Matthieu Auzanneau
Publisher : Chelsea Green Publishing
Release : 2018-11-06
ISBN : 1603587446
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Auzanneau has created a towering telling of a dark and dangerous addiction.”—Nature In this sweeping, unabashed history of oil, Matthieu Auzanneau takes a fresh, thought-provoking look at the way oil interests have commandeered politics and economies, changed cultures, disrupted power balances across the globe, and spawned wars. He upends commonly held assumptions about key political and financial events of the past 150 years, and he sheds light on what our oil-constrained and eventually post-oil future might look like. Oil, Power, and War follows the oil industry from its heyday when the first oil wells were drilled to the quest for new sources as old ones dried up. It traces the rise of the Seven Sisters and other oil cartels and exposes oil’s key role in the crises that have shaped our times: two world wars, the Cold War, the Great Depression, Bretton Woods, the 2008 financial crash, oil shocks, wars in the Middle East, the race for Africa’s oil riches, and more. And it defines the oil-born trends shaping our current moment, such as the jockeying for access to Russia’s vast oil resources, the search for extreme substitutes for declining conventional oil, the rise of terrorism, and the changing nature of economic growth. We meet a long line of characters from John D. Rockefeller to Dick Cheney and Rex Tillerson, and hear lesser-known stories like how New York City taxes were once funneled directly to banks run by oil barons. We see how oil and power, once they became inextricably linked, drove actions of major figures like Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin, Hitler, Kissinger, and the Bushes. We also learn the fascinating backstory sparked by lesser-known but key personalities such as Calouste Gulbenkian, Abdullah al-Tariki, and Marion King Hubbert, the once-silenced oil industry expert who warned his colleagues that oil production was facing its peak. Oil, Power, and War is a story of the dreams and hubris that spawned an era of economic chaos, climate change, war, and terrorism—as well as an eloquent framing from which to consider our options as our primary source of power, in many ways irreplaceable, grows ever more constrained. Oil, Power, and War was originally published in France as Or Noir. It was translated from the original French by John F. Reynolds and published in collaboration with the Post Carbon Institute. PCI generously funded the translation and helped bring the entire project to fruition, including the foreword by Richard Heinberg and a technical review.

It s the Crude Dude

It s the Crude  Dude Book
Author : Linda Mcquaig
Publisher : Macmillan
Release : 2007-04-01
ISBN : 9781429907163
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

George W. Bush says he invaded Iraq to bring democracy to the Middle East. Some people believe that. But if you have nagging doubts, you'll be intrigued by the story unraveled in It's the Crude, Dude. With all the drama of a thriller, Canadian bestselling author Linda McQuaig probes the mystery of what really lay behind the U.S. invasion of Iraq. She points to Washington's desire to gain control of the most spectacular untapped oil bonanza on Earth--even as rapidly dwindling worldwide oil reserserves threaten to turn competition for crude into the major international battleground of the future. That battle has actually been raging for decades. Once tightly controlled by Big Oil, most of the world's oil reserves have been taken over by nationalistic regimes in the Middle East. Ever since those regimes imposed an oil embargo on the United States in the mid-1970s, Washington has been determined to regain control over oil--by force if necessary. With China's recent emergence as a voracious oil consumer, there soon won't be enough oil left to fuel two superpowers. Against this backdrop--and the equally urgent problem of global warming--It's the Crude, Dude reminds us of the enormous consequences of our failure to curb our addiction to oil.

Crossing Zero

Crossing Zero Book
Author : Elizabeth Gould,Paul Fitzgerald
Publisher : City Lights Books
Release : 2011-02-22
ISBN : 087286569X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The war in Afghanistan has become the most complex foreign policy problem the United States has ever faced, spreading into Pakistan and involving the conflicting interests of Russia, India, China and Iran. Written as a companion to Elizabeth Gould and Paul Fitzgerald's widely acclaimed book Invisible History: Afghanistan's Untold Story, Crossing Zero focuses on the nuances of the Obama administration's evolving military and political strategy, the people implementing it, and the long-term consequences for the United States and the region. "Fitzgerald and Gould have consistently raised the difficult questions and inconvenient truths about western engagement in Afghanistan. While many analysts and observers have attempted to wish a reality on a grim and tragic situation in Afghanistan, Fitzgerald and Gould have systematically dug through the archives and historical record with integrity and foresight to reveal a series of misguided strategies and approaches that have contributed to what has become a tragic quagmire in Afghanistan. I suspect that many of their assessments while presently viewed as controversial and contentious, will eventually be considered conventional wisdom."—Thomas Johnson "Americans are now beginning to grasp the scope of the mess their leaders made while pursuing misguided military adventures into regions of Central Asia we once called 'remote.' How this happened—and what the US can do to extricate itself from its entanglements in Pakistan and Afghanistan—is the story of Crossing Zero. Based on decades of study and research, this book draws lines and connects dots in ways few others do. It is clear, sober and methodical—an ideal handbook for anyone seeking to understand how the US became the latest imperial power to blunder into this turbulent and fascinating region."—Stephen Kinzer, author of All the Shah's Men and Reset: Iran, Turkey and America's Future "I loved it. An extraordinary contribution to understanding war and geo-politics in Afghanistan that will shock most Americans by its revelations of official American government complicity in using, shielding, sponsoring and supporting terrorism. A devastating indictment on the behind-the-scenes shenanigans by some of America's most respected statesmen."—Daniel Estulin "Gould and Fitzgerald have identified the triumphalist strain that has marked American foreign policy over the past 100 years and documented President Obama's failure to introduce change to American national security policy. The war in Afghanistan is consistent with previous failures in U.S. policymaking over the past 50 years as well as with the misuse of military force. This book should be required reading at the National Security Council and the Pentagon."—Melvin A. Goodman; CIA Senior Soviet Analyst, 1966-1990; Professor of International Security at the National War College,1986-2004; Senior Fellow, Center for International Policy, Washington, DC. Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould, a husband and wife team, began working together in 1979 co-producing a documentary for Paul's television show, Watchworks. Called, The Arms Race and the Economy, A Delicate Balance, they found themselves in the midst of a swirling controversy that was to boil over a few months later with the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Their acquisition of the first visas to enter Afghanistan granted to an American TV crew in the spring of 1981, brought them into the middle of the most heated Cold War controversy since Vietnam. But the pictures and the people inside Soviet occupied Afghanistan told a very different story from the one being broadcast on the evening news.