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Air Quality And Ecological Impacts

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Air Quality and Ecological Impacts

Air Quality and Ecological Impacts Book
Author : Allan H. Legge
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-04-01
ISBN : 9780080952024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air Quality and Ecological Impacts reviews the characterization of air quality as it pertains to specific emission sources and their environmental effect. Since emissions from multiple sources impact the same location, a multidisciplinary approach is needed to relate atmospheric processes to terrestrial vegetation. As global industrial expansions continue, air quality is no longer governed by isolated point sources (e.g., a single coal-fired power plant), but by source clusters or complexes. To address these issues, atmospheric receptor models have been developed and are continually being improved. The benefits of any air quality control measures based on receptor modeling must be verified by assessing changes or bettering in environmental impacts. Until now, such an approach has not been well integrated and practiced. This book provides the needed concepts and methods in conducting the studies to establish cause-and-effect relationships under ambient conditions, which is valuable to policy makers both in industrialized and developing nations. Offers approaches for identifying the emissions components from specific air pollution sources Details methods for using pollutant accumulation in plants for ecological effects assessment Establishes cause (air quality) and effect (plant responses) relationships under ambient conditions

Air Pollution

Air Pollution Book
Author : Bhola R. Gurjar,Luisa T. Molina,C.S. P. Ojha
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-06-22
ISBN : 1439809631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air pollution is recognized as one of the leading contributors to the global environmental burden of disease, even in countries with relatively low concentrations of air pollution. Air Pollution: Health and Environmental Impacts examines the effect of this complex problem on human health and the environment in different settings around the world. I

Wildland Fires and Air Pollution

Wildland Fires and Air Pollution Book
Author : Andrzej Bytnerowicz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0080556094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Wildland fires are one of the most devastating and terrifying forces of nature. While their effects are mostly destructive they also help with regeneration of forests and other ecosystems. Low-intensity fires clear accumulating biomass reducing risk of catastrophic crown fires and can be used as an effective management tool. This book presents current understanding of wildland fires and air quality as well as their effects on human health, forests and other ecosystems. In the first section of the book the basics of wildland fires and resulting emissions are presented from the perspective of changing global climate, air quality impairment and effects on environment and human health and security. In the second section, effects of wildland fires on air quality, visibility and human health in various regions of the Earth are discussed. The third section of the book deals with complex issues of the ecological impacts of fire and air pollution in forests and chaparral in North America. --

Environmental Impacts

Environmental Impacts Book
Author : Wayne J. Hoffman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Impacts book written by Wayne J. Hoffman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Air Pollution XXVIII

Air Pollution XXVIII Book
Author : J. Casares,J. Longhurst,J. Barnes
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2020-08-11
ISBN : 1784663913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air pollution issues remain one of the most challenging problems facing the international community. The included research demonstrates the wide-spread nature of the air pollution phenomena and explores in depth their impacts on human health and the environment. The scientific knowledge derived from well-designed studies needs to be allied with further technical and economic studies in order to ensure cost-effective and efficient mitigation. In turn, the science, technology and economic outcomes are necessary but not sufficient. Increasingly, the conference has recognised that the outcome of such research needs to be contextualised within well-formulated communication strategies that help policy makers and citizens to understand and appreciate the risks and rewards arising from air pollution management. Consequently, the series has enjoyed a wide range of high-quality papers that develop the fundamental science of air pollution and an equally impressive range of presentations that places these new developments within the frame of mitigation and management of air pollution. The included papers, which were presented at the 28th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution, provide an invaluable record of recent developments in the science and policies pertaining to air pollution.

Air Pollution Calculations

Air Pollution Calculations Book
Author : Daniel A. Vallero
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-03
ISBN : 0128149353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air Pollution Calculations introduces the equations and formulae that are most important to air pollution, but goes a step further. Most texts lack examples of how these equations and formulae apply to the quantification of real-world scenarios and conditions. The ample example calculations apply to current air quality problems, including emission inventories, risk estimations, biogeochemical cycling assessments, and efficiencies in air pollution control technologies. In addition, the book explains thermodynamics and fluid dynamics in step-by-step and understandable calculations using air quality and multimedia modeling, reliability engineering and engineering economics using practical examples likely to be encountered by scientists, engineers, managers and decision makers. The book touches on the environmental variables, constraints and drivers that can influence pollutant mass, volume and concentrations, which in turn determine toxicity and adverse outcomes caused by air pollution. How the pollutants form, move, partition, transform and find their fate are explained using the entire range of atmospheric phenomena. The control, prevention and mitigation of air pollution are explained based on physical, chemical and biological principles which is crucial to science-based policy and decision-making. Users will find this to be a comprehensive, single resource that will help them understand air pollution, quantify existing data, and help those whose work is impacted by air pollution. Explains air pollution in a comprehensive manner, enabling readers to understand how to measure and assess risks to human populations and ecosystems actually or potentially exposed to air pollutants Covers air pollution from a multivariate, systems approach, bringing in atmospheric processes, health impacts, environmental impacts, controls and prevention Facilitates an understanding of broad factors, like climate and transport, that influence patterns and change in pollutant concentrations, both spatially and over time

Acid in the Environment

Acid in the Environment Book
Author : Gerald R. Visgilio,Diana M. Whitelaw
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-04-13
ISBN : 0387375627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the result of a conference held biannually at the Goodwin-Niering Center for Conservation Biology and Environmental Studies at Connecticut College. It uses an interdisciplinary approach to focus on important ecological impacts of acid deposition. The book combines research findings and the policy analyses of experts from different academic disciplines with the positions advanced by representatives of various nongovernmental organizations.

Energy Use and Air Pollution in Indonesia

Energy Use and Air Pollution in Indonesia Book
Author : Ulrich Scholz
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work describes how spectacular economic growth in Indonesia has led to a sharp increase in energy consumption and consequently, in air pollution. It demonstrates that control is required, and offers an analysis of how Indonesia could move forward. The text includes an in-depth study of Indonesia's geography, economy and state of the environment, as well as historical statistics and how Jawa is developing. It gives advice on how Indonesia's pollution problems can be controlled in all area's and thus reduce the health risks.

Environmental Impacts of International Shipping The Role of Ports

Environmental Impacts of International Shipping The Role of Ports Book
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2011-02-17
ISBN : 9264097333
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the environmental impacts of international maritime transport, and looks more in detail at the impacts stemming from near-port shipping activities, the handling of the goods in the ports and from the distribution of the goods to the surrounding regions.

Environmental Impacts of Road Vehicles

Environmental Impacts of Road Vehicles Book
Author : R M Harrison,R E Hester
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2017-06-16
ISBN : 1782628924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first concerns that come to mind in relation to pollution from road vehicles are direct emissions of carbon dioxide and toxic air pollutants. These are, of course, important but the impacts of road traffic are altogether more substantial. This volume of the Issues in Environmental Science and Technology Series takes a broader view of the effects on the environment and human health, excluding only injury due to road traffic accidents. By looking across the environmental media, air, water and soil, and taking account also of noise pollution, the volume addresses far more than the conventional atmospheric issues. More importantly, however, it examines present and future vehicle technologies, the implications of more extensive use of batteries in electric vehicles and the consequences of recycling vehicles at the end of use. Finally, examples of life-cycle analysis as applied to road vehicles are reviewed. This book is a comprehensive source of authoritative information for students studying pollution, and for policy-makers concerned with vehicle emissions and road traffic impacts more generally.

Environmental Impacts of Road Vehicles

Environmental Impacts of Road Vehicles Book
Author : R M Harrison,R E Hester
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2017-06-13
ISBN : 1788011767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first concerns that come to mind in relation to pollution from road vehicles are direct emissions of carbon dioxide and toxic air pollutants. These are, of course, important but the impacts of road traffic are altogether more substantial. This volume of the Issues in Environmental Science and Technology Series takes a broader view of the effects on the environment and human health, excluding only injury due to road traffic accidents. By looking across the environmental media, air, water and soil, and taking account also of noise pollution, the volume addresses far more than the conventional atmospheric issues. More importantly, however, it examines present and future vehicle technologies, the implications of more extensive use of batteries in electric vehicles and the consequences of recycling vehicles at the end of use. Finally, examples of life-cycle analysis as applied to road vehicles are reviewed. This book is a comprehensive source of authoritative information for students studying pollution, and for policy-makers concerned with vehicle emissions and road traffic impacts more generally.

Environmental Impact of Mining and Mineral Processing

Environmental Impact of Mining and Mineral Processing Book
Author : Ravi Jain
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2015-08-03
ISBN : 0128040920
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Impact of Mining and Mineral Processing: Management, Monitoring, and Auditing Strategies covers all the aspects related to mining and the environment, including environmental assessment at the early planning stages, environmental management during mine operation, and the identification of major impacts. Technologies for the treatment of mining, mineral processing, and metallurgical wastes are also covered, along with environmental management of mining wastes, including disposal options and the treatment of mining effluents. Presents a systematic approach for environmental assessment of mining and mineral processing projects Provides expert advice for the implementation of environmental management systems that are unique to the mining industry Effectively addresses a number of environmental challenges, including air quality, water quality, acid mine drainage, and land and economic impacts Explains the latest in environmental monitoring and control systems to limit the environmental impact of mining and processing operations

Air Pollution

Air Pollution Book
Author : David H.F. Liu,Bela G. Liptak
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-12-15
ISBN : 9781566705134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Whether considered a threat to the health of humans in particular or of the ecosystem in general, the problem of air pollution affects us all. In addition to the 189 chemicals listed in the air toxins category of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, smog, acid rain, ozone depletion, and global warming all arise from air pollution. You can debate the prime causes óacid rain, excessive lumbering or changes in the weather ó but the diminishing rainforest and the spreading desert speak for themselves. Air Pollution addresses the sources and results of these problems, and how they influence the environment. It surveys all aspects of management, including dispersion modeling, emission measurements, air quality and continuous emission monitoring, remote sensing, and stack sampling. In addition, the book explores methods of reduction and control, with particular attention to gaseous emission controls and odor control. This stellar resource addresses the prevention of pollution created by existing technology, and the design of future zero-emissions technology. A useful guide for engineers, students or anyone working for environmental protection, Air Pollution provides a solid foundation and presents a sound environmental philosophy. Béla G. Lipták speaks on Post-Oil Energy Technology on the AT&T Tech Channel.

Assessing and Managing the Ecological Impacts of Paved Roads

Assessing and Managing the Ecological Impacts of Paved Roads Book
Author : National Research Council,Transportation Research Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Ecological Impacts of Road Density
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2005-12-22
ISBN : 9780309164832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All phases of road developmentâ€"from construction and use by vehicles to maintenanceâ€"affect physical and chemical soil conditions, water flow, and air and water quality, as well as plants and animals. Roads and traffic can alter wildlife habitat, cause vehicle-related mortality, impede animal migration, and disperse nonnative pest species of plants and animals. Integrating environmental considerations into all phases of transportation is an important, evolving process. The increasing awareness of environmental issues has made road development more complex and controversial. Over the past two decades, the Federal Highway Administration and state transportation agencies have increasingly recognized the importance of the effects of transportation on the natural environment. This report provides guidance on ways to reconcile the different goals of road development and environmental conservation. It identifies the ecological effects of roads that can be evaluated in the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of roads and offers several recommendations to help better understand and manage ecological impacts of paved roads.

Valuing the Environment

Valuing the Environment Book
Author : Jean-Philippe Barde,David W. Pearce
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-11-05
ISBN : 1134048467
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the second in a pair of economic texts commissioned by the OECD in the field of environmental economics; The Pearce Report: Blueprint for a Green Economy puts the role which monetary evaluation of environmental costs and benefits can play firmly into the public eye. This book goes further and looks at six countries where such evaluation techniques are applied and at the obstacles to their further use. The case studies, written by leading experts in each nation, show how these methods are being taken up in the UK, Norway and Italy and the ways in which they are already extensively in use in the USA, Germany and the Netherlands. The authors also describe the obstacles to their use - the lack of knowledge of environmental economics at government level; the competition from other government priorities; and, the failure of environmental groups to grasp the importance of financial evaluation to their cause. But, as this book makes clear, significant advances are being made, both in the implementation of these economic techniques and, above all, in striking and yet further developments in economic thinking.

Environmental Impacts of Modern Agriculture

Environmental Impacts of Modern Agriculture Book
Author : R M Harrison,R E Hester
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2012-07-05
ISBN : 1849734976
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern agriculture must seek to feed the world's growing population with little or no cost to the Environment. Modern agriculture is capable of producing greater yields than ever before, but intensification of agriculture does come at a price. This comprehensive volume examines the environmental impact made by agriculture in the 21st Century, looking forward to the future with the lessons of the past. Key chapters include impacts of agriculture upon soil quality, greenhouse gas budgets, water-borne pathogens, surface water chemistry, groundwater, agricultural pesticides and the environment, balancing the environmental consequences of agriculture with the needs for food security and positive and negative aspects of agricultural production of biofuels. A fundamental reference for advanced students, researchers, practitioners and policy makers working in the field or related areas.

Air Quality Control

Air Quality Control Book
Author : G. Baumbach
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1996-10-02
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air quality and air pollution control are tasks of international concern as, for one, air pollutants do not refrain from crossing borders and, for another, industrial plants and motor vehicles which emit air pollutants are in widespread use today. In a number of the world's expanding cities smog situations are a frequent occurrence due to the number and emission-intensity of air pollution sources. Polluted air causes annoy ances and can, when it occurs in high concentrations in these cities, constitute a seri ous health hazard. How important clean air is to life becomes apparent when consid ering the fact that humans can do without food for up to 40 days, without air, how ever, only a few minutes. The first step towards improving the air quality situation is the awareness that a sound environment is as much to be aspired for as the development of new tech nologies improving the standard of living. Technical progress should be judged es pecially by how environmentally benign, clean and noiseless its products are. Of these elements, clean air is of special concern to me. I hope that this book will awaken more interest in this matter and that it will lead to new impulses. Due to the increasing complexity of today's machinery and industrial processes science and technology can no longer do without highly specialized design engineers and opera tors. Environmental processes, however, are highly interdependent and interlinked.

Air Pollution and Environmental Health

Air Pollution and Environmental Health Book
Author : Pallavi Saxena,Anju Srivastava
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-14
ISBN : 9811534810
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air pollution is an alarming problem, not only in terms of air quality, but also in relation to health issues. Toxic air pollutant concentrations produce harmful impacts on plant health and human health. Further, though there are various sources of air pollution, anthropogenic and biogenic sources are becoming increasingly problematic. A number of control methods have been applied to reduce the air pollutant concentrations so that their global environmental burden on plants as well as humans can be mitigated. However, as confirmed in numerous reports and studies, their concentrations continue to be very high and everyday cases related to air pollution have become exponentially high not only in developing countries but also in developed countries. In plants, toxic air quality has various adverse effects, including biochemical and physiological disorders, chronic diseases and/or lower yields. In humans, air pollutants affect the body’s metabolism and immune system, lungs and central nervous system. This book provides an essential overview of air pollution, its impacts on plant and human health, and potential control strategies. The respective chapters cover general monitoring and characterization techniques for air pollutants, air quality modelling applications, plant and human health effects, risk assessment, and air pollution control policy. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable and unique resource for students of Environmental Science, Biological Science, Medical Science and Agriculture; and for environmental consultants, researchers and other professionals whose work involves air quality, plant and human related research.

Healthy People in a Healthy Environment

Healthy People in a Healthy Environment Book
Author : European Commission
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recoge:1. The approach to environment and health assessment - 2. Possibilities and options for practical implementation - 3. Cross-cutting issues and other matters - 4. Priorities and conclusions.