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Air Quality And Ecological Impacts

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The Effects of Air Pollution on Cultural Heritage

The Effects of Air Pollution on Cultural Heritage Book
Author : John Watt,Johan Tidblad,Vladimir Kucera,Ron Hamilton
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-06-10
ISBN : 9780387848938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the sources of the air pollutants responsible for building damage and the mechanisms involved. Studies investigating the relationships between pollution concentration (dose) and the resulting damage (response) are described and the latest research findings for dose-response functions are presented. Trends in pollutant emissions, ambient concentrations and building damage over time are described and future predictions are presented. Methodologies for assessing the extent of the potential problem in a region – the stock at risk – are presented. Procedures for estimating the economic implications are described and the consequences are discussed in detail, because economic factors are important for reaching policy and management decisions at local, national and international scales. Damage to cultural heritage buildings is an important additional effect which needs to be considered as the standards are revised and the factors which will need to be brought into the assessment are presented.

Air Quality and Ecological Impacts

Air Quality and Ecological Impacts Book
Author : Allan H. Legge
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-04-01
ISBN : 9780080952024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air Quality and Ecological Impacts reviews the characterization of air quality as it pertains to specific emission sources and their environmental effect. Since emissions from multiple sources impact the same location, a multidisciplinary approach is needed to relate atmospheric processes to terrestrial vegetation. As global industrial expansions continue, air quality is no longer governed by isolated point sources (e.g., a single coal-fired power plant), but by source clusters or complexes. To address these issues, atmospheric receptor models have been developed and are continually being improved. The benefits of any air quality control measures based on receptor modeling must be verified by assessing changes or bettering in environmental impacts. Until now, such an approach has not been well integrated and practiced. This book provides the needed concepts and methods in conducting the studies to establish cause-and-effect relationships under ambient conditions, which is valuable to policy makers both in industrialized and developing nations. Offers approaches for identifying the emissions components from specific air pollution sources Details methods for using pollutant accumulation in plants for ecological effects assessment Establishes cause (air quality) and effect (plant responses) relationships under ambient conditions

Fundamentals of Air Pollution

Fundamentals of Air Pollution Book
Author : Arthur C. Stern
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-01
ISBN : 0323147674
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Air Pollution focuses on air quality and the control of air pollution. This book discusses the meteorology of air pollution and the behavior of the atmosphere, which differentiates air pollution from the various aspects of environmental management and protection. Organized into four parts encompassing 28 chapters, this text begins with an overview of the gaseous composition of unpolluted air, including nitrogen, oxygen, water, argon, carbon dioxide, neon, helium, methane, hydrogen, nitrous oxide, and organic vapor. This book then differentiates the primary pollutants that are emitted directly from the source and the secondary pollutants that cause eye irritation, smog, and haze. Other chapters consider the adverse effects of air pollution to human health, environment, and economy. This book is a valuable resource to air pollution, space, atmospheric, and medical scientists, as well as environmentalists, ecologists, biologists, and meteorologists. This text will also be useful to economists, engineers, sanitarians, chemists, public administrators, educators, public relations specialists, researchers, and students.

Air Quality Control

Air Quality Control Book
Author : G. Baumbach
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-12-15
ISBN : 9783642790034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air quality and air pollution control are tasks of international concern as, for one, air pollutants do not refrain from crossing borders and, for another, industrial plants and motor vehicles which emit air pollutants are in widespread use today. In a number of the world's expanding cities smog situations are a frequent occurrence due to the number and emission-intensity of air pollution sources. Polluted air causes annoy ances and can, when it occurs in high concentrations in these cities, constitute a seri ous health hazard. How important clean air is to life becomes apparent when consid ering the fact that humans can do without food for up to 40 days, without air, how ever, only a few minutes. The first step towards improving the air quality situation is the awareness that a sound environment is as much to be aspired for as the development of new tech nologies improving the standard of living. Technical progress should be judged es pecially by how environmentally benign, clean and noiseless its products are. Of these elements, clean air is of special concern to me. I hope that this book will awaken more interest in this matter and that it will lead to new impulses. Due to the increasing complexity of today's machinery and industrial processes science and technology can no longer do without highly specialized design engineers and opera tors. Environmental processes, however, are highly interdependent and interlinked.

Environmental Ecology

Environmental Ecology Book
Author : Bill Freedman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-09-25
ISBN : 1483278115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Ecology: The Impacts of Pollution and Other Stresses on Ecosystem Structure and Function deals with environmental studies on the ecological impacts of anthropogenic stresses. The book discusses more particularly the ways that anthropogenic or natural influences affect the quality of the inorganic and biotic components of the biosphere, as well as the human environment. The text discusses the sources of air pollution, the different toxic elements (naturally occurring contamination or anthropogenic sources), and acidifying substances or "acid rain." The author also cites several studies that deal with the reclamation of acidified bodies of water. Another topic the author addresses is declining forest areas; he then cites several case studies of this occurrence, such as those by Fowells, 1965; Hepting, 1971; and Auclair, 1987. The text also investigates the ecological effects of oil pollution caused during the refining process and transportation. The author then examines the general response patterns to ecological stress. The text is intended for advanced students of environmental ecology and environmental science, as well as for ecologists, environmentalists, and urban planners and officials.

Air Pollution

Air Pollution Book
Author : Bhola R. Gurjar,Luisa T. Molina,C.S. P. Ojha
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-06-22
ISBN : 1439809631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air pollution is recognized as one of the leading contributors to the global environmental burden of disease, even in countries with relatively low concentrations of air pollution. Air Pollution: Health and Environmental Impacts examines the effect of this complex problem on human health and the environment in different settings around the world. I

Criteria Air Pollutants and their Impact on Environmental Health

Criteria Air Pollutants and their Impact on Environmental Health Book
Author : Pallavi Saxena,Saurabh Sonwani
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-14
ISBN : 9811399921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air pollution is a global hazard. Majority of the world’s population is affected by air pollution. Contamination of air is no more an only an atmospheric problem but now has become a health concern too. Under the Clean Air Act of 1971, a set of air pollutants are designated as criteria pollutants. These are suspected to be strongly harming the public health and the environment as compared to other primary and secondary pollutants. Globally, this category of air pollutants has been given less attention, only few studies have been reported in this area. This book begins with a short background on criteria air pollutants and their sources, sinks and chemistry. The chapters explore the detailed nature of primary pollutants criteria pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, particulate matter and lead. Their reaction mechanisms, climate change potency, environmental health effects on plants and human life are discussed. The book also covers secondary pollutants such as ozone. The book discusses ozone chemistry and its environmental health effects. This book act as a valuable tool for students in Environmental Science, Biological Science and Agriculture, as well as environmental consultants and professionals involved in air quality research and the application of air quality guidelines and advice.

Air Quality Fifth Edition

Air Quality  Fifth Edition Book
Author : Thad Godish,Wayne T. Davis,Joshua S. Fu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-08-15
ISBN : 1466584440
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fifth edition of a bestseller, Air Quality provides students with a comprehensive overview of air quality, the science that continues to provide a better understanding of atmospheric chemistry and its effects on public health and the environment, and the regulatory and technological management practices employed in achieving air quality goals. Maintaining the practical approach that has made previous editions so popular, the chapters have been reorganized, new material has been added, less relevant material deleted, and new images added, particularly those from Earth satellites. See What’s New in the Fifth Edition: New graphics, images, and an appended list of unit conversions New problems and questions Revisions and updates on the regulatory aspects related to air quality, emissions of pollutants, and particularly in the area of greenhouse gas emissions Updated information on topics that affect air quality such as global warming, climate change, international issues associated with air quality and its regulation, atmospheric deposition, atmospheric chemistry, and health and environmental effects of atmospheric pollution Written in Thad Godish’s accessible style, the book clearly elucidates the challenges we face in our fifth decade of significant regulatory efforts to protect and enhance the quality of the nation’s air. It also highlights the growing global awareness of air quality issues, climate change, and public health concerns in the developing world. The breadth of coverage, review questions at the end of each chapter, extensive glossary, and list of readings put the tools for understanding in your students’ hands.

Air Pollution XXIX

Air Pollution XXIX Book
Author : J. Casares,J. Longhurst,J. Barnes
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2021-12-29
ISBN : 1784664391
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discussing many important air pollution issues, the included contributions were presented at the 29th annual meeting in a successful series of international conferences dealing with the Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution. The scientific knowledge derived from well-designed studies needs to be allied with further technical and economic studies to ensure cost-effective and efficient mitigation. In turn, the science, technology and economic outcomes are necessary but not sufficient. Increasingly, it is being recognised that the outcome of such research needs to be contextualised within well-formulated communication strategies that help policymakers and citizens to understand and appreciate the risks and rewards arising from air pollution management. Consequently, this volume comprises a wide range of high-quality papers that develop the fundamental science of air pollution and that place these new developments within the frame of mitigation and management of air pollution. Air pollution issues remain one of the most challenging problems facing the international community. The varied research published in this book covers topics such as Air pollution modelling; Aerosols and nanoparticles; Emission studies; Indoor air pollution; Monitoring, measuring and air quality data; Air pollution control technologies; Industrial and transport air pollution; Climate change effects; Emerging air pollutants; Air pollution management, policy and legislation; Low carbon strategies; Biogenic emissions; Biomass emissions; Atmospheric modelling; Pollution dynamics; Air quality forecasting using satellite data; Environmental justice; Interdisciplinary studies on air quality; Transboundary air pollution; Anthropogenic pollution.

Acid in the Environment

Acid in the Environment Book
Author : Gerald R. Visgilio,Diana M. Whitelaw
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-04-13
ISBN : 0387375627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the result of a conference held biannually at the Goodwin-Niering Center for Conservation Biology and Environmental Studies at Connecticut College. It uses an interdisciplinary approach to focus on important ecological impacts of acid deposition. The book combines research findings and the policy analyses of experts from different academic disciplines with the positions advanced by representatives of various nongovernmental organizations.

Ecological Effects of Air Pollutants

Ecological Effects of Air Pollutants Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ecological Effects of Air Pollutants book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Air Pollution and Plant Life

Air Pollution and Plant Life Book
Author : Nigel Bell,J. N. B. Bell,M. Treshow,M Treshow
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2002-05-22
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This standard textbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the direct and indirect impacts of air pollution on plant life. Written by an international team of experts, the book covers the main historical aspects and sources of pollutants, atmospheric transport and transformations of pollutants, and issues of global change and the use of science in air pollution policy formulation. * covers all the main phytotoxic pollutants with due consideration given to impacts at all levels of plant organisation from molecular to ecological. * emphasises the effects of air pollutants in altering plant response to common stresses, both abiotic and biotic - fields in which considerable progress has been made since publication of the first edition. * includes coverage of how research leads to pollution control policy development. Essential reading for students in Environmental Science, Biological Science and Agriculture, as well as environmental consultants and professionals involved in air quality research and the application of air quality guidelines and advice.

Urban Air Pollution and Forests

Urban Air Pollution and Forests Book
Author : Mark E. Fenn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-05-02
ISBN : 9780387953373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The environmental studies of pollution in the Mexico City Air Basin serve as models for urban areas all over the world. This book reviews the ongoing research for the first time and synthesizes a complete study of the effects of air pollution on forests. A thorough discussion of regional geology, climate and hydrology and the sociological factors affecting air pollution in the area sets the stage for a variety of case studies of forests. The editors also address the outlook for the health and sustainability of forests in the midst of widespread urbanization.

The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution

The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution Book
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2016-06-09
ISBN : 9264257470
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report provides a comprehensive assessment of the economic consequences of outdoor air pollution in the coming decades, focusing on the impacts on mortality, morbidity, and changes in crop yields as caused by high concentrations of pollutants.

Atmospheric Pollution and Environmental Change

Atmospheric Pollution and Environmental Change Book
Author : Sarah Metcalfe,Dick Derwent
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-05-01
ISBN : 1444119257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atmospheric Pollution and Environmental Change is an introduction to the major pollutants causing concern today, a description of their sources and how their emissions and concentrations have changed through time. Approaching atmospheric change in the context of its effects on the natural environment, people and the global climate system, Atmospheric Pollution and Environmental Change examines: ·Atmospheric pollution at global, continental and local scales ·The development of policy at national and international levels ·The uses of computer models to help us understand and forecast the behaviour of pollutants and their impacts ·The success (or otherwise) of policies designed to reduce air pollution and the prospects for the future. With extensive references to useful web sites and further reading, Atmospheric Pollution and Environmental Change will be of great benefit to senior undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Air Pollution in Eastern Asia An Integrated Perspective

Air Pollution in Eastern Asia  An Integrated Perspective Book
Author : Idir Bouarar,Xuemei Wang,Guy P. Brasseur
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-18
ISBN : 3319594893
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, written by an international group of experts from China, Europe and the USA, presents a broad and comprehensive analysis of the chemical and meteorological processes responsible for the formation of air pollutants in eastern Asia, and in particular for the development of severe pollution episodes observed primarily during winter in the northeastern part of China. With the rapid population growth, economic development and urbanization occurring in Asia, air pollution has become a major environmental problem in this part of the world. The book is organized around six distinct parts. The first part of the volume offers a general perspective on issues related to air pollution including persistent haze events in eastern and southern Asia. The second part presents an overview of air pollution sources (i.e., anthropogenic and biomass burning sources). The third part analyzes in-situ observations of chemical species in China, while the fourth part focuses on space observations of gas-phase and aerosol species. The modeling aspects are treated in the fifth part of the volume, which includes a presentation of several air quality forecast systems and an assessment of the role of urbanization on air pollution levels. Finally, the effects of air pollution on health and crop productivity in China are discussed in the last part of the book. The book also presents an integrated view of past and present situations in Asia and provides the scientific basis from which mitigation policies can be established and air quality can be improved. Audience: This book is written for scientists, educators, students, environmental managers, policy-makers and leaders in public administration and private corporations who wish to use science-based information to mitigate air pollution. The book should help decision-makers to design effective policies for air quality improvement and to successfully manage short-term air pollution episodes that substantially affect people’s quality of life and strongly impact the economy.

Air Pollution

Air Pollution Book
Author : Arthur C. Stern
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1977-12-28
ISBN : 0323139973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Air Pollution

The Effects of Air Pollution and Acid Rain on Fish Wildlife and Their Habitats

The Effects of Air Pollution and Acid Rain on Fish  Wildlife  and Their Habitats Book
Author : M. A. Peterson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Effects of Air Pollution and Acid Rain on Fish Wildlife and Their Habitats book written by M. A. Peterson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Impacts

Environmental Impacts Book
Author : Wayne J. Hoffman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Impacts book written by Wayne J. Hoffman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Toxicology

Environmental Toxicology Book
Author : Ming-Ho Yu,Humio Tsunoda,Masashi Tsunoda
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-11-16
ISBN : 1439840385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human survival depends on the availability of clean air, water, and food and on the welfare of plants and animals. However, anthropogenic and naturally occurring chemicals can cause adverse effects on living organisms and ecological processes. Environmental Toxicology: Biological and Health Effects of Pollutants, Third Edition presents fundamental information on the effects of environmental toxicants on living systems. It focuses on the chemical and biological characteristics of major pollutants found in the air, water, and soil and relates them to the health and well being of humans, animals, and plants. An Indispensable Reference on Air, Soil, & Water Pollutants and Their Impact on Living Systems Surveying the environmental and health changes that have occurred in recent decades, the book discusses the sources, metabolism, and damage process of toxicants, and the environmental, biological, and nutritional factors that may influence toxicity. It looks at natural defense systems, including the mechanisms for detoxification—such as endogenous antioxidants and free radical scavenging enzymes—on a cellular level. The text examines the major toxicants: EPA criteria air pollutants, environmental fluoride, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), environmental metals and metalloids involved in soil and water pollution, and pesticides and related material such as PCBs and dioxins. It then addresses their relationship with endocrine disruption and environmental cancer. This comprehensive approach offers insight into the interaction of various chemical agents with DNA. Fully revised and expanded, the third edition of this popular book includes new and updated material as well as a new chapter on occupational toxicology. Appendices cover the process of ecological risk assessment, carcinogens, and PCB nomenclature. Based on research from more than 35 years of teaching environmental toxicology and related courses, this textbook is a useful resource for students, professionals, and researchers interested in the effects of pollutants on living systems. What’s New in This Edition A new chapter on occupational toxicology, covering indoor air quality, chemicals in the workplace, nanoparticle exposure, and more An updated chapter on environmental changes and health, including significant environmental changes that have occurred since the last edition An updated chapter on environmental cancer, including changes in death rates of respiratory cancers New material on the importance of nitrous oxide (N2O) in stratospheric ozone layer depletion An expanded discussion of environmental disasters