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Air Pollution Calculations

Air Pollution Calculations Book
Author : Daniel A. Vallero
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-03
ISBN : 0128149353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air Pollution Calculations introduces the equations and formulae that are most important to air pollution, but goes a step further. Most texts lack examples of how these equations and formulae apply to the quantification of real-world scenarios and conditions. The ample example calculations apply to current air quality problems, including emission inventories, risk estimations, biogeochemical cycling assessments, and efficiencies in air pollution control technologies. In addition, the book explains thermodynamics and fluid dynamics in step-by-step and understandable calculations using air quality and multimedia modeling, reliability engineering and engineering economics using practical examples likely to be encountered by scientists, engineers, managers and decision makers. The book touches on the environmental variables, constraints and drivers that can influence pollutant mass, volume and concentrations, which in turn determine toxicity and adverse outcomes caused by air pollution. How the pollutants form, move, partition, transform and find their fate are explained using the entire range of atmospheric phenomena. The control, prevention and mitigation of air pollution are explained based on physical, chemical and biological principles which is crucial to science-based policy and decision-making. Users will find this to be a comprehensive, single resource that will help them understand air pollution, quantify existing data, and help those whose work is impacted by air pollution. Explains air pollution in a comprehensive manner, enabling readers to understand how to measure and assess risks to human populations and ecosystems actually or potentially exposed to air pollutants Covers air pollution from a multivariate, systems approach, bringing in atmospheric processes, health impacts, environmental impacts, controls and prevention Facilitates an understanding of broad factors, like climate and transport, that influence patterns and change in pollutant concentrations, both spatially and over time

Air Pollution Control Engineering

Air Pollution Control Engineering Book
Author : William Licht
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1988-02-19
ISBN : 9780824778989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Air Pollution Control Engineering book written by William Licht, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Air Pollution Control Equipment Calculations

Air Pollution Control Equipment Calculations Book
Author : Louis Theodore
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-11-26
ISBN : 0470255757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unique problem-and-solution approach for quickly mastering a broad range of calculations This book's problem-and-solution approach enables readers to quickly grasp the fundamentals of air pollution control equipment and essential applications. Moreover, the author sets forth solid principles for the design and selection of air pollution control equipment as well as for its efficient operation and maintenance. Readers gain a deep understanding of both the equipment itself and the many factors affecting performance. Following two introductory chapters, the book dedicates four chapters to examining control equipment for gaseous pollutants, including adsorption, absorption, and incineration equipment. The remaining six chapters deal with equipment for managing airborne particulate pollutants, including gravity settlers, cyclones, electrostatic precipitators, scrubbers, and baghouses. The appendix contains discussions of hybrid systems, the SI system (including conversion constants), and a cost-equipment model. Each chapter offers a short introduction to the control device discussed. Next, progressively more difficult problems with accompanying solutions enable readers to build their knowledge as they advance through the chapter. Problems reflect the most recent developments in pollution control and include a variety of performance equations and operation and maintenance calculations. Each problem includes a statement of the problem, the data used to solve the problem, and a detailed solution. Readers may further hone their skills by visiting the text's Web site for additional problems and solutions. This publication serves both as a textbook for engineering students and as a reference for engineers and technicians who need to ensure that air pollution control equipment operates efficiently and enables their facility to meet all air pollution control standards and regulations.

Emissions of Air Pollutants

Emissions of Air Pollutants Book
Author : Rainer Friedrich,Stefan Reis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662070154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a wealth of new information that enables environmental scientists and authorities to design methods for measuring and modelling emission rates related to specific pollution sources, and thus to generate improved emission inventories and reduction strategies. The text shows how to carry out experiments to verify emission data, including tunnel and open motorway studies, comprehensive city experiments and tracer experiments.

Air Pollution Control Engineering

Air Pollution Control Engineering Book
Author : William Licht
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980-01
ISBN : 9780824768461
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Air Pollution Control Engineering book written by William Licht, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Guide to Local Diffusion of Air Pollutants

Guide to Local Diffusion of Air Pollutants Book
Author : Gordon A. Beals
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The report is intended as a guide on local air pollution for forecasters who have had no prior experience with diffusion. Certain fundamentals of micormeteorology and diffusion in the lower layers are expounded and their relatio to the determination of air pollutant dispersion and concentration amounts is explained. Calculations of pollutant concentrations using accepted techniques are systematically discussed and solution of actual air pollution problems are shown in the Appendix. Graphs and nomograms used in solving air pollution problems are also furnished in the Appendix.

Air Pollution Control Equipment

Air Pollution Control Equipment Book
Author : Louis Theodore,Anthony J. Buonicore
Publisher : CRC PressI Llc
Release : 1988-01-31
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unique problem-and-solution approach for quickly mastering a broad range of calculations This book's problem-and-solution approach enables readers to quickly grasp the fundamentals of air pollution control equipment and essential applications. Moreover, the author sets forth solid principles for the design and selection of air pollution control equipment as well as for its efficient operation and maintenance. Readers gain a deep understanding of both the equipment itself and the many factors affecting performance. Following two introductory chapters, the book dedicates four chapters to examining control equipment for gaseous pollutants, including adsorption, absorption, and incineration equipment. The remaining six chapters deal with equipment for managing airborne particulate pollutants, including gravity settlers, cyclones, electrostatic precipitators, scrubbers, and baghouses. The appendix contains discussions of hybrid systems, the SI system (including conversion constants), and a cost-equipment model. Each chapter offers a short introduction to the control device discussed. Next, progressively more difficult problems with accompanying solutions enable readers to build their knowledge as they advance through the chapter. Problems reflect the most recent developments in pollution control and include a variety of performance equations and operation and maintenance calculations. Each problem includes a statement of the problem, the data used to solve the problem, and a detailed solution. Readers may further hone their skills by visiting the text's Web site for additional problems and solutions. This publication serves both as a textbook for engineering students and as areference for engineers and technicians who need to ensure that air pollution control equipment operates efficiently and enables their facility to meet all air pollution control standards and regulations.

Prediction and Regulation of Air Pollution

Prediction and Regulation of Air Pollution Book
Author : M.E. Berlyand
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401137684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Investigations of atmospheric pollution have recently reached a new stage. In addition to the estimation and the monitoring of pollutant concentrations in the air around their sources, by way of observational data and also by calcu lations on the basis of theoretical research, it is now possible to make short term forecasts of air pollution and to use them to regulate industrial emissions. Many countries are interested in such forecasts. In the Soviet Union the organizations of the State Committee of the USSR for Hydrometeorology (Goskomgidromet) are carrying out a wide-scale scientific programme on the devising of methods to forecast atmospheric pollution. Prognostic groups are organized in territorial hydrometeocenters; in essence a new forecasting service has been established. Nowadays, in more than 200 towns of the USSR predictions are made and transmitted to large enterprises for the purpose of taking the necessary steps to preserve air qua lity. To ensure an operative working of this service, Methodological Instruc (1979) have been issued, as well as other instructions and guides. Wide tions scale verifications of proposed calculating methods have been made. Prob lems of forecasting and regulating air pollution have become evident lately in other countries as well. Much attention to these problems is payed by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). They have been widely dis cussed in a number of international conferences and meetings for modelling and investigating pollutant distribution in the atmosphere. The number of publications on this subject is rapidly increasing.

Environmental Regulatory Calculations Handbook

Environmental Regulatory Calculations Handbook Book
Author : Leo Stander,Louis Theodore
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-06-04
ISBN : 9780470118504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Regulatory Calculations Handbook addresses the environmental concerns of individuals by presenting the basic fundamentals of many environmental regulatory topics. Featuring an overview of the history of environmental problems, the current regulatory framework, and problems/solutions of practical problems in the field, this handbook comprehensively brings the potential calculations and information on regulations into one single-source reference. Provides 500 solved problems, which detail how to calculate the amount of pollutant that a facility is letting go into the environment Includes problems and solutions that can stand alone, offering material that develops the reader's understanding of regulatory matters Combines information that is otherwise spread-out and difficult to consolidate quickly

A Summary of Air Pollution Source Emission Calculations for Utah

A Summary of Air Pollution Source Emission Calculations for Utah Book
Author : Utah. State Division of Health
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Summary of Air Pollution Source Emission Calculations for Utah book written by Utah. State Division of Health, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mixing Heights Wind Speeds and Potential for Urban Air Pollution Throughout the Contiguous United States

Mixing Heights  Wind Speeds  and Potential for Urban Air Pollution Throughout the Contiguous United States Book
Author : George C. Holzworth
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The mixing-layer height and the average wind speed within the mixing layer were calculated twice for each day of a 5-year record of upper air observations at 62 National Weather Service stations int he contiguous United States. The times of day of these calculations are morning and mid-afternoon. A rough allowance was made for effects of the urban "heat island" on the morning mixing heights. The morning and afternoon times coincide approximately with those of maximum and secondary minimum concentrations of slow-reacting pollutants in cities. These calculations illustrate the typical large diurnal variation in atmospheric dispersion. Twenty charts present seasonal and annual, and morning and afternoon mean mixing heights and wind speeds. A model of some general dispersion features over urban areas is described in which the normalized pollutant concentration averaged over a city is a function of mixing height, wind speed, and city size (distance the wind travels across the city). Frequency values of mixing height by wind speed are used with the model to calculate average normalized concentration frequencies for each weather station. Thirty charts present isopleth analyses of seasonal and annual, and morning and afternoon normalized pollutant concentrations that were exceeded 10, 25, and 50 percent of the time for specified city sizes. The occurrence of episodes during which upper limits on mixing height and wind speed were not exceeded were determined from the daily morning and afternoon values of these parameters. Isopleths of the total number of episode-days for episodes lasting at least 2 days and at least 5 days with various limiting mixing-height and wind-speed values are presented in 20 charts.

Handbook of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Calculations

Handbook of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Calculations Book
Author : Joseph Reynolds,John S. Jeris,Louis Theodore
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-02-09
ISBN : 0470139021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Because of the ubiquitous nature of environmental problems, a variety of scientific disciplines are involved in the development of environmental solutions. The Handbook of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Calculations provides approximately 600 real-world, practical solutions to environmental problems that involve chemical engineering, enabling engineers and applied scientists to meet the professional challenges they face day-to-day. The scientific and mathematical crossover between chemical and environmental engineering is the key to solving a host of environmental problems. Many problems included in the Handbook are intended to demonstrate this crossover, as well as the integration of engineering with current regulations and environmental media such as air, soil, and water. Solutions to the problems are presented in a programmed instructional format. Each problem contains a title, problem statement, data, and solution, with the more difficult problems located near the end of each problem set. The Handbook offers material not only to individuals with limited technical background but also to those with extensive industrial experience. Chapter titles include: Chemical Engineering Fundamentals Chemical Engineering Principles Air Pollution Control Equipment Solid Waste Water Quality and Wastewater Treatment Pollution Prevention Health, Safety, and Accident Management Ideal for students at the graduate and undergraduate levels, the Handbook of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Calculations is also a comprehensive reference for all plant and environmental engineers, particularly those who work with air, drinking water, wastewater, hazardous materials, and solid waste.

Manual Calculation Methods for Air Pollution Inventories

Manual Calculation Methods for Air Pollution Inventories Book
Author : Guy T. Fagin,AIR FORCE OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH LAB BROOKS AFB TX.
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the assessment and control of air pollution, there is a critical need for reliable and consistent data on the quantity and characteristics of emissions from the numerous sources that contribute to the problem. The large number of individual sources and the diversity of source types makes conducting field measurements of emissions impractical on a source by source basis. The only feasible method of determining pollutant emissions for a given community or base is to make general emission estimates typical of each of the source types. Compilation of these emission estimates or airborne pollutant discharges including oxides of nitrogen (NO(x)), oxides of sulfur (SO(x)), hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and particulates (PA) over a period of time, usually one year, is referred to as an Emissions Inventory. A useful tool for estimating general emissions for an emissions inventory is the emission factor. This is an estimate of the rate at which a pollutant is released to the atmosphere as a result of some activity (such as combustion or industrial production) divided by the level of that activity. The use of emission factors for manual calculation of emissions as well as data collection procedures necessary for completion of the emissions inventory are provided within. This report provides guidelines for bioenvironmental engineers and technicians on how to perform Air Emission Inventories (AEIs). This report provides example calculations, blank data sheets, emission factors, and an example completed AEI. (aw).

Potential to Emit Workbook

Potential to Emit Workbook Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Potential to Emit Workbook book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Summary of Air Pollution Dispersion Model Calculations for Projected Ambient Air Quality Levels in the Denver Metropolitan Area

Summary of Air Pollution Dispersion Model Calculations for Projected Ambient Air Quality Levels in the Denver Metropolitan Area Book
Author : Colorado. Air Pollution Control Division. Planning and Analysis Section
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Summary of Air Pollution Dispersion Model Calculations for Projected Ambient Air Quality Levels in the Denver Metropolitan Area book written by Colorado. Air Pollution Control Division. Planning and Analysis Section, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Air Pollution Control Engineering

Air Pollution Control Engineering Book
Author : Lawrence K Wang,Norman C. Pereira,Yung-Tse Hung
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2010-11-19
ISBN : 9781617373978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A panel of respected air pollution control educators and practicing professionals critically survey the both principles and practices underlying control processes, and illustrate these with a host of detailed design examples for practicing engineers. The authors discuss the performance, potential, and limitations of the major control processes-including fabric filtration, cyclones, electrostatic precipitation, wet and dry scrubbing, and condensation-as a basis for intelligent planning of abatement systems,. Additional chapters critically examine flare processes, thermal oxidation, catalytic oxidation, gas-phase activated carbon adsorption, and gas-phase biofiltration. The contributors detail the Best Available Technologies (BAT) for air pollution control and provide cost data, examples, theoretical explanations, and engineering methods for the design, installation, and operation of air pollution process equipment. Methods of practical design calculation are illustrated by numerous numerical calculations.

Air Pollution

Air Pollution Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 354039222X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Chemistry is a relatively young science. Interest in this subject, however, is growing very rapidly and, although no agreement has been reached as yet about the exact content and limits of this interdisciplinary discipline, there appears to be increasing interest in seeing environmental topics which are based on chemistry embodied in this subject. One of the first objectives of Environmental Chemistry must be the study of the environment and of natural chemical processes which occur in the environment. A major purpose of this series on Environmental Chemistry, therefore, is to present a reasonably uniform view of various aspects of the chemistry of the environment and chemical reactions occurring in the environment. The industrial activities of man have given a new dimension to Environmental Chemistry. We have now synthesized and described over five million chemical compounds and chemical industry produces about hundred and fifty million tons of synthetic chemicals annually. We ship billions of tons of oil per year and through mining operations and other geophysical modifications, large quantities of inorganic and organic materials are released from their natural deposits. Cities and metropolitan areas of up to 15 million inhabitants produce large quantities of waste in relatively small and confined areas. Much of the chemical products and waste products of modern society are released into the environment either during production, storage, transport, use or ultimate disposal. These released materials participate in natural cycles and reactions and frequently lead to interference and disturbance of natural systems.

West London Assessment Study

West London Assessment Study Book
Author : Great Britain. Department of Transport,Sir William Halcrow & Partners,Halcrow Fox and Associates
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download West London Assessment Study book written by Great Britain. Department of Transport,Sir William Halcrow & Partners,Halcrow Fox and Associates, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Selected Methods for the Measurement of Air Pollutants

Selected Methods for the Measurement of Air Pollutants Book
Author : United States. Division of Air Pollution. Interbranch Chemical Advisory Committee
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1965
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Selected Methods for the Measurement of Air Pollutants book written by United States. Division of Air Pollution. Interbranch Chemical Advisory Committee, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Environmental Engineering Calculations 2nd Ed

Handbook of Environmental Engineering Calculations 2nd Ed  Book
Author : C. C. Lee,Shun Dar Lin
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2007-06-08
ISBN : 9780071511124
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Take Advantage of the Latest Calculation Methods for Solving Problems in Every Major Area of Environmental Engineering The only hands-on reference of its kind, the Handbook of Environmental Engineering Calculations equips you with step-by-step calculation procedures covering virtually every aspect of environmental engineering. Designed to give you quick access to essential information, the updated Second Edition of this unique guide now presents the latest methods for solving a wide range of specific problems, together with worked-out examples that include numerical results for the calculations. Written by a team of environmental experts from both the private and public sectors, this easy-to-use reference provides you with complete calculations for water quality assessment and control...solid waste materials ... and air pollution control. Filled with 200 helpful illustrations, the Second Edition features: Hundreds of detailed examples and calculations with fully illustrated steps Calculations covering every aspect of environmental engineering Both SI and U.S. customary units presented throughout New to this edition: new sections on fuel cells and air toxic risk assessment Inside This State-of-the-Art Environmental Engineering Toolkit • Calculations of Water Quality Assessment and Control • Solid Waste Calculations • Air Pollution Control Calculations • Air Toxic Risk Assessment • Fuel Cell Technologies