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Air Pollution Calculations

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Air Pollution Calculations

Air Pollution Calculations Book
Author : Daniel A. Vallero
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-03
ISBN : 0128149353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air Pollution Calculations introduces the equations and formulae that are most important to air pollution, but goes a step further. Most texts lack examples of how these equations and formulae apply to the quantification of real-world scenarios and conditions. The ample example calculations apply to current air quality problems, including emission inventories, risk estimations, biogeochemical cycling assessments, and efficiencies in air pollution control technologies. In addition, the book explains thermodynamics and fluid dynamics in step-by-step and understandable calculations using air quality and multimedia modeling, reliability engineering and engineering economics using practical examples likely to be encountered by scientists, engineers, managers and decision makers. The book touches on the environmental variables, constraints and drivers that can influence pollutant mass, volume and concentrations, which in turn determine toxicity and adverse outcomes caused by air pollution. How the pollutants form, move, partition, transform and find their fate are explained using the entire range of atmospheric phenomena. The control, prevention and mitigation of air pollution are explained based on physical, chemical and biological principles which is crucial to science-based policy and decision-making. Users will find this to be a comprehensive, single resource that will help them understand air pollution, quantify existing data, and help those whose work is impacted by air pollution. Explains air pollution in a comprehensive manner, enabling readers to understand how to measure and assess risks to human populations and ecosystems actually or potentially exposed to air pollutants Covers air pollution from a multivariate, systems approach, bringing in atmospheric processes, health impacts, environmental impacts, controls and prevention Facilitates an understanding of broad factors, like climate and transport, that influence patterns and change in pollutant concentrations, both spatially and over time

Air Pollution Control Equipment Calculations

Air Pollution Control Equipment Calculations Book
Author : Louis Theodore
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-11-26
ISBN : 0470255757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unique problem-and-solution approach for quickly mastering a broad range of calculations This book's problem-and-solution approach enables readers to quickly grasp the fundamentals of air pollution control equipment and essential applications. Moreover, the author sets forth solid principles for the design and selection of air pollution control equipment as well as for its efficient operation and maintenance. Readers gain a deep understanding of both the equipment itself and the many factors affecting performance. Following two introductory chapters, the book dedicates four chapters to examining control equipment for gaseous pollutants, including adsorption, absorption, and incineration equipment. The remaining six chapters deal with equipment for managing airborne particulate pollutants, including gravity settlers, cyclones, electrostatic precipitators, scrubbers, and baghouses. The appendix contains discussions of hybrid systems, the SI system (including conversion constants), and a cost-equipment model. Each chapter offers a short introduction to the control device discussed. Next, progressively more difficult problems with accompanying solutions enable readers to build their knowledge as they advance through the chapter. Problems reflect the most recent developments in pollution control and include a variety of performance equations and operation and maintenance calculations. Each problem includes a statement of the problem, the data used to solve the problem, and a detailed solution. Readers may further hone their skills by visiting the text's Web site for additional problems and solutions. This publication serves both as a textbook for engineering students and as a reference for engineers and technicians who need to ensure that air pollution control equipment operates efficiently and enables their facility to meet all air pollution control standards and regulations.

Emissions of Air Pollutants

Emissions of Air Pollutants Book
Author : Rainer Friedrich,Stefan Reis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662070154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a wealth of new information that enables environmental scientists and authorities to design methods for measuring and modelling emission rates related to specific pollution sources, and thus to generate improved emission inventories and reduction strategies. The text shows how to carry out experiments to verify emission data, including tunnel and open motorway studies, comprehensive city experiments and tracer experiments.

Air Pollution Control Engineering

Air Pollution Control Engineering Book
Author : William Licht
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1988-02-19
ISBN : 9780824778989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Air Pollution Control Engineering book written by William Licht, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Calculations

Environmental Calculations Book
Author : Robert G. Kunz
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-12-14
ISBN : 111821563X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Environmental Permitting Calculations providesan essential reference for the technical calculations to obtainenvironmental permits. Along with accurate explanations, the textincludes helpful chemical equations, examples, and case studies toassist and illuminate calculations. Filled with the rich experiencefrom the author’s work in environmental permitting, thecoverage features major concepts and practice in the environmentalpermitting process; environmental chemistry; air pollution control;and more. Handbook of Environmental Permitting Calculationsis a must-have for anybody working on environmental planning andcompliance, as well as those issuing and monitoring environmentalpermits.

Fundamentals of Air Pollution Engineering

Fundamentals of Air Pollution Engineering Book
Author : Richard C. Flagan,John H. Seinfeld
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0486488721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A rigorous and thorough analysis of the production of air pollutants and their control, this text is geared toward chemical and environmental engineering students. Topics include combustion, principles of aerosol behavior, theories of the removal of particulate and gaseous pollutants from effluent streams, and air pollution control strategies. 1988 edition.Reprint of the Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1988 edition.

Urban Climates

Urban Climates Book
Author : T. R. Oke,G. Mills,A. Christen,J. A. Voogt
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-09-14
ISBN : 0521849500
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban Climates is the first full synthesis of modern scientific and applied research on urban climates. The book begins with an outline of what constitutes an urban ecosystem. It develops a comprehensive terminology for the subject using scale and surface classification as key constructs. It explains the physical principles governing the creation of distinct urban climates, such as airflow around buildings, the heat island, precipitation modification and air pollution, and it then illustrates how this knowledge can be applied to moderate the undesirable consequences of urban development and help create more sustainable and resilient cities. With urban climate science now a fully-fledged field, this timely book fulfills the need to bring together the disparate parts of climate research on cities into a coherent framework. It is an ideal resource for students and researchers in fields such as climatology, urban hydrology, air quality, environmental engineering and urban design.

Practical Meteorology

Practical Meteorology Book
Author : Roland Stull
Publisher : Sundog Publishing, LLC
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9780888652836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A quantitative introduction to atmospheric science for students and professionals who want to understand and apply basic meteorological concepts but who are not ready for calculus.

Handbook of Emergency Response to Toxic Chemical Releases

Handbook of Emergency Response to Toxic Chemical Releases Book
Author : Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-12-31
ISBN : 0815517483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook has been prepared as a working reference for the safety officer, the environmental engineer, and the consultant. For the safety officer, this handbook provides detailed guidelines and instructions in preparing Right-to-Know Reporting Audits, establishing programs and training employees on hazard awareness, and developing and implementing emergency response programs in the workplace and at off-site operations. For the environmental engineer, this handbook provides extensive technical data on toxic chemical properties and detailed instructional aid on how to properly prepare toxic chemical release inventory reporting. For the environmental consultant, an extensive overview of corrective action technologies is provided.

Local Exhaust Ventilation

Local Exhaust Ventilation Book
Author : Ivan Logachev,Konstantin Logachev,Olga Averkova
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-05-21
ISBN : 1498720641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Control Harmful Emissions and Improve Work Conditions Local Exhaust Ventilation: Aerodynamic Processes and Calculations of Dust Emissions examines how emissions inherent to production processes in the metal, mining, chemical, and other industries can adversely affect the workplace by compromising a worker’s health and/or contributing to the deterioration of equipment quality and performance. Professionals concerned with the aerodynamics of dust control ventilation, particularly at industrial plants, can greatly benefit from this book. This text considers the impact of emissions exposure to occupational safety and health and the environment, explores the practical purposes of industrial ventilation, and outlines how local exhaust ventilation can help control the emission of harmful substances in industry. The book outlines methods used for surveying currents in local exhaust ventilation systems and deals with the aerodynamics of loose-matter handling in porous ducts and the identification of regularities in air circulation patterns in bypass ducts. Topics covered include the determination of vortex field boundaries, development dynamics of vortex flow patterns, and interaction between the exhaust plume and inflow jets. Divided into two sections, this text: Examines the computations of gas-borne dust flows in local exhaust ventilation systems Provides practical recommendations for the energy-efficient containment of dust emissions Discusses basic approaches to operational energy savings for local exhaust ventilation systems Uses color photos throughout to illustrate dust behavior, flow lines, and patterns Local Exhaust Ventilation: Aerodynamic Processes and Calculations of Dust Emissions establishes local exhaust ventilation as the most reliable way to control the emission of harmful substances. This text incorporates solutions that reduce material carryover rates and decrease the volume of air evacuated by suction, adequately reducing the dust level in an industrial work area, and can help solve a number of problems related to industrial ventilation.

Emerging Trends in Expert Applications and Security

Emerging Trends in Expert Applications and Security Book
Author : Vijay Singh Rathore,Marcel Worring,Durgesh Kumar Mishra,Amit Joshi,Shikha Maheshwari
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-19
ISBN : 9811322856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book covers current developments in the field of expert applications and security, which employ advances of next-generation communication and computational technology to shape real-world applications. It gathers selected research papers presented at the ICETEAS 2018 conference, which was held at Jaipur Engineering College and Research Centre, Jaipur, India, on February 17–18, 2018. Key topics covered include expert applications and artificial intelligence; information and application security; advanced computing; multimedia applications in forensics, security and intelligence; and advances in web technologies: implementation and security issues.

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

Nitrogen oxides NOx why and how they are controlled

Nitrogen oxides  NOx  why and how they are controlled Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2022-08-15
ISBN : 1428902805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nitrogen oxides NOx why and how they are controlled book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Urban Air Pollution Modelling

Urban Air Pollution Modelling Book
Author : Michael M. Benarie
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1980-06-18
ISBN : 1349036390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together the methods, models and formulae used for estimating air pollution concentrations in urban areas. From the ForewordThe visible effects of pollution in most cities in the developed countries have been reduced dramatically in the past thirty years. This has been achieved to a large extent by the replacement of most of the low-level sources, which burnt raw coal, by more modern appliances using gas, electricity or low-sulphur oil. The killer smog of 1952 could not be repeated unless there were to be a massive return to old-fashioned heating methods, due, for example, to excessive environmental constraints being applied to the more modern energy sources. It is important, therefore, to judge the impact of a new source in terms of its effect on the pattern of existing sources. One should also consider the environmental consequences of rejecting the new installation and examine the alternatives--that its product may either be denied to the community at large, produced elsewhere or produced using existing facilities. These facilities are probably less efficient and may therefore produce more pollution per unit of product than the new plant would. An objective, quantitative, urban-air-pollution model is clearly an essential component in such a decision-making process. Dr. Benarie has produced a distillation of existing modelling techniques which will, I hope, become the launching pad for many future models. As each city is unique, it will need its own tailor-made model, drawing on the best and the most appropriate techniques developed previously. Agreement with observations is the only real test of validity, because the physics and chemistry are so complicated that theoretical arguments are reduced to the role of assisting in the best formulation of the problem. Numerical precision must always rely on measurement. This is the approach that Dr. Benarie has adopted.--David J. Moore, Central Electricity Research Laboratires, Leatherhead, Surrey, UK.

Manual Calculation Methods for Air Pollution Inventories

Manual Calculation Methods for Air Pollution Inventories Book
Author : Guy T. Fagin,AIR FORCE OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH LAB BROOKS AFB TX.
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the assessment and control of air pollution, there is a critical need for reliable and consistent data on the quantity and characteristics of emissions from the numerous sources that contribute to the problem. The large number of individual sources and the diversity of source types makes conducting field measurements of emissions impractical on a source by source basis. The only feasible method of determining pollutant emissions for a given community or base is to make general emission estimates typical of each of the source types. Compilation of these emission estimates or airborne pollutant discharges including oxides of nitrogen (NO(x)), oxides of sulfur (SO(x)), hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and particulates (PA) over a period of time, usually one year, is referred to as an Emissions Inventory. A useful tool for estimating general emissions for an emissions inventory is the emission factor. This is an estimate of the rate at which a pollutant is released to the atmosphere as a result of some activity (such as combustion or industrial production) divided by the level of that activity. The use of emission factors for manual calculation of emissions as well as data collection procedures necessary for completion of the emissions inventory are provided within. This report provides guidelines for bioenvironmental engineers and technicians on how to perform Air Emission Inventories (AEIs). This report provides example calculations, blank data sheets, emission factors, and an example completed AEI. (aw).

Guide to Local Diffusion of Air Pollutants

Guide to Local Diffusion of Air Pollutants Book
Author : Gordon Alden Beals
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The report is intended as a guide on local air pollution for forecasters who have had no prior experience with diffusion. Certain fundamentals of micormeteorology and diffusion in the lower layers are expounded and their relatio to the determination of air pollutant dispersion and concentration amounts is explained. Calculations of pollutant concentrations using accepted techniques are systematically discussed and solution of actual air pollution problems are shown in the Appendix. Graphs and nomograms used in solving air pollution problems are also furnished in the Appendix.

Air Pollution Modeling

Air Pollution Modeling Book
Author : P. Zannetti
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 147574465X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Finishing this book is giving me a mixture of relief, satisfaction and frus tration. Relief, for the completion of a project that has taken too many of my evenings and weekends and that, in the last several months, has become almost an obsession. Satisfaction, for the optimistic feeling that this book, in spite of its many shortcomings and imbalances, will be of some help to the air pollution scientific community. Frustration, for the impossibility of incorporating newly available material that would require another major review of several key chap ters - an effort that is currently beyond my energies but not beyond my desires. The first canovaccio of this book came out in 1980 when I was invited by Computational Mechanics in the United Kingdom to give my first Air Pollution Modeling course. The course material, in the form of transparencies, expanded, year after year, thus providing a growing working basis. In 1985, the ECC Joint Research Center in Ispra, Italy, asked me to prepare a critical survey of mathe matical models of atmospheric pollution, transport and deposition. This support gave me the opportunity to prepare a sort of "first draft" of the book, which I expanded in the following years.

Advanced Air Pollution

Advanced Air Pollution Book
Author : Farhad Nejadkoorki
Publisher : IntechOpen
Release : 2011-08-17
ISBN : 9789533075112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leading air quality professionals describe different aspects of air pollution. The book presents information on four broad areas of interest in the air pollution field; the air pollution monitoring; air quality modeling; the GIS techniques to manage air quality; the new approaches to manage air quality. This book fulfills the need on the latest concepts of air pollution science and provides comprehensive information on all relevant components relating to air pollution issues in urban areas and industries. The book is suitable for a variety of scientists who wish to follow application of the theory in practice in air pollution. Known for its broad case studies, the book emphasizes an insightful of the connection between sources and control of air pollution, rather than being a simple manual on the subject.

Air Pollution Abstracts

Air Pollution Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1970
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Air Pollution Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.