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Agroecosystem Diversity

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Agroecosystem Diversity

Agroecosystem Diversity Book
Author : Gilles Lemaire,Paulo Cesar de Faccio Carvalho,Scott Kronberg,Sylvie Recous
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10-08
ISBN : 0128110511
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agro-Ecosystem Diversity: Impact on Food Security and Environmental Quality presents cutting-edge exploration of developing novel farming systems and introduces landscape ecology to agronomy. It encompasses the broad range of links between agricultural development and ecological impact and how to limit the potential negative results. Presented in seven sections, each focusing on a specific challenge to sustaining diversity, the book provides insights toward the argument that by re-introducing diversity, it should be possible to maintain a high level of productivity of agro-ecosystems while also maintaining and/or restoring a satisfactory level of environment quality and biodiversity. Demonstrates that diversified agro-ecosystems can be intensified with environmental quality preserved, restored and enhanced Includes analysis of economic constraints leading to specialization of farms and regions and the social locking forces resisting to diversification of agro-ecosystems Presents a global vision of world agriculture and the tradeoff between a necessary increase in food production and restoring environment quality

Agroecosystem Diversity

Agroecosystem Diversity Book
Author : Richard Garner Smith
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Agroecosystem Diversity book written by Richard Garner Smith, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biotic Diversity in Agroecosystems

Biotic Diversity in Agroecosystems Book
Author : D. Pimentel,Maurizio G. Paoletti
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0444596763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The preservation of biodiversity is a high priority among biologists, ecologists and environmentalists. The impact that human activities have on biodiversity is clear; however, few studies have focused on the importance of biodiversity to natural and agricultural ecosystems. In fact, many natural species are essential to sustainable agricultural programs. A new school of thought is appreciating the ecological principles and benefits that diversity of natural biota have for humans and the environment. Landscape ecology and agroecology can play a major role in protecting the environment and conserving biological diversity. The practical opportunities for improving the sustainability of agriculture and making it more environmentally sound were discussed at the Symposium on Agroecology and Conservation Issues, from which 22 papers were collected for this volume. Strategies for increasing biodiversity in agricultural landscapes are provided alongside discussion that agriculture will continue to spread into forests, to meet the growing need for food. Although humans recognize the value of crop and livestock species, few really appreciate the fact that agriculture and forestry cannot function in a productive sustainable way when significant numbers of species in natural biota are lost.

Biodiversity Structure and Function Volume I

Biodiversity   Structure and Function   Volume I Book
Author : Wilhelm Barthlott,K. Eduard Linsenmair,Stefan Porembski
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-08-19
ISBN : 1905839340
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodiversity: Structure and Function is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Biodiversity: Structure and Function discusses matters of great relevance to our world such as: Characterization of Biodiversity; Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning; Spatial and Temporal Dimensions of Biodiversity Dynamics; Evolutionary and Genetic Aspects of Biodiversity; Biodiversity Monitoring, Assessment, Data Management, and Indicators; The Value of Biodiversity; Halting Biodiversity Loss: Fundamentals and Latest Trends of Conservation Science and Action; Application of Ecological Knowledge to Habitat Restoration. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Biodiversity in Agroecosystems

Biodiversity in Agroecosystems Book
Author : Wanda W. Collins,Calvin O. Qualset
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-08-14
ISBN : 9781420049244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

between the diversity of plant and animal species and host/dependent agricultural systems. Biodiversity in Agroecosystems shows how biodiversity can be thought of not only as the rich make-up of a great number of related and competing species within an ecologically defined community, but also as the robust behavior and resilience of those species over time and as the endurance of their eco-community. This book brings to the fore new research on biodiversity in agricultural ecosystems at both micro and macro levels, heretofore available only in journals and proceedings papers.

Agroecological Innovations

Agroecological Innovations Book
Author : Norman Uphoff
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-06-17
ISBN : 1136571981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The world's food supply needs to rise significantly, yet both arable and water supplies per capita are decreasing. Not only are modern agricultural methods beyond the reach of those suffering the greatest food insecurity but they are also ecologically damaging, relying upon fossil energy and chemical inputs. This volume offers a collection of innovative and diverse approaches to agricultural development. Documented in 12 case studies, these approaches are reliant upon greater knowledge, skill and labour input, rather than larger capital expenditure. They are shown to increase yield substantially, sometimes doubling or tripling output. This volume presents the concepts and operational means for reorienting agricultural efforts towards these more environmentally friendly and socially desirable approaches in the developed as well as developing world.

Sustainable Agroecosystem Management

Sustainable Agroecosystem Management Book
Author : Patrick J. Bohlen,Gar House
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-03-24
ISBN : 1420052152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emphasizes Centrality of the Ecosystem PerspectiveSustainable management of agroecosystems in the 21st century faces unprecedented challenges. Protecting the environment while feeding a burgeoning population that could reach nine billion by mid-century, preserving the world's biodiversity, and sustaining agriculture in an increasingly urban world i

Biotic Diversity in Agroecosystems

Biotic Diversity in Agroecosystems Book
Author : M. G. Paoletti,David Pimentel
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The preservation of biodiversity is a high priority among biologists, ecologists and environmentalists. The impact that human activities have on biodiversity is clear; however, few studies have focused on the importance of biodiversity to natural and agricultural ecosystems. In fact, many natural species are essential to sustainable agricultural programs. A new school of thought is appreciating the ecological principles and benefits that diversity of natural biota have for humans and the environment. Landscape ecology and agroecology can play a major role in protecting the environment and conserving biological diversity. The practical opportunities for improving the sustainability of agriculture and making it more environmentally sound were discussed at the Symposium on Agroecology and Conservation Issues, from which 22 papers were collected for this volume. Strategies for increasing biodiversity in agricultural landscapes are provided alongside discussion that agriculture will continue to spread into forests, to meet the growing need for food. Although humans recognize the value of crop and livestock species, few really appreciate the fact that agriculture and forestry cannot function in a productive sustainable way when significant numbers of species in natural biota are lost.

Handbook of Biological Control

Handbook of Biological Control Book
Author : T. W. Fisher,Thomas S. Bellows,L. E. Caltagirone,D. L. Dahlsten,Carl B. Huffaker,G. Gordh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1999-09-20
ISBN : 9780080533018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For many years the use of chemical agents such as pesticides and herbicides has been effective in controlling the many varieties of pests that infest both agricultural crops and backyard gardens. However, these pests are gradually becoming resistant to these agents, because the agents themselves are acting as selective factors making the pests better and better able to resist and persist. As a result, the use of biological controlling agents is increasing. This book is a comprehensive and authoritative handbook of biological control. Key Features * Introduction (preface plus 2 chapters) * Principles and processes (12 chapters) * Agents, biology, and methods (6 chapters) * Applications (10 chapters) * Research (2 chapters)

Resilient Agriculture

Resilient Agriculture Book
Author : Laura Lengnick
Publisher : New Society Publishers
Release : 2015-05-11
ISBN : 1550925784
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change presents an unprecedented challenge to the productivity and profitability of agriculture in North America. More variable weather, drought, and flooding create the most obvious damage, but hot summer nights, warmer winters, longer growing seasons, and other environmental changes have more subtle but far-reaching effects on plant and livestock growth and development. Resilient Agriculture recognizes the critical role that sustainable agriculture will play in the coming decades and beyond. The latest science on climate risk, resilience, and climate change adaptation is blended with the personal experience of farmers and ranchers to explore: The "strange changes" in weather recorded over the last decade The associated shifts in crop and livestock behavior The actions producers have taken to maintain productivity in a changing climate The climate change challenge is real and it is here now. To enjoy the sustained production of food, fiber, and fuel well into the twenty-first century, we must begin now to make changes that will enhance the adaptive capacity and resilience of North American agriculture. The rich knowledge base presented in Resilient Agriculture is poised to serve as the cornerstone of an evolving, climate-ready food system. Laura Lengnick is a researcher, policymaker, activist, educator, and farmer whose work explores the community-enhancing potential of agriculture and food systems. She directs the academic program in sustainable agriculture at Warren Wilson College and was a lead author of the report Climate Change and Agriculture in the United States: Effects and Adaptation.

Agroecosystem Research for Rural Development

Agroecosystem Research for Rural Development Book
Author : A. Terry Rambo,Kanok Rerkasem
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Agroecosystem Research for Rural Development book written by A. Terry Rambo,Kanok Rerkasem, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Global research on underutilized crops An assessment of current activities and proposals for enhanced cooperation

Global research on underutilized crops  An assessment of current activities and proposals for enhanced cooperation Book
Author : John Trevor Williams
Publisher : Bioversity International
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9290435453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Global research on underutilized crops An assessment of current activities and proposals for enhanced cooperation book written by John Trevor Williams, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Management and Development of Agricultural and Natural Resources in Egypt s Desert

Management and Development of Agricultural and Natural Resources in Egypt s Desert Book
Author : Ahmed A. Elkhouly,Abdelazim Negm
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-31
ISBN : 3030731618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the economic potential of various natural resources found in the Egyptian deserts that could help fill the food gap in Egypt, e.g., the date palm, olives, and domestic animals. Bearing in mind that the entire country is subject to arid or hyperarid climatic conditions, only a small portion (3% of total area) is agriculturally productive in comparison, the dominant deserts. These aspects, combined with a growing population (ca. 100 million citizens) and water resources scarcity, have produced severe adverse effects on natural resource utilization. This book presents innovative methods for addressing desert soil's key problems (soil erosion, salinity, pollution, decreased fertility, minerals, and weed and pest control). Its goal is to help authorities reclaim the desert and optimally utilize the minerals and the available natural resources to support the sustainability agenda 2030. Besides, it offers researchers guidance on remaining gaps and future research directions. Lastly and importantly, it provides essential information on investment opportunities in desert cultivation, such as the fields of food, fodder, and medicinal plants.

Sustainable agroecosystems in climate change mitigation

Sustainable agroecosystems in climate change mitigation Book
Author : Maren Oelbermann
Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers
Release : 2014-04-08
ISBN : 9086862357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the challenges under current land management practices is to increase food and soil security to meet projected trends in food production, while maintaining the resilience to climate change. This book provides a forum for researchers to access the most recent developments in enhancing carbon sinks and minimizing greenhouse gas emissions. It suggests that policies and practices integrating microbial technology, modern crop cultivars, conservation practices, increased manure application, organic farming and agroforestry have a greater capacity to sequester carbon and reduce carbon-based greenhouse gases, leading to more robust agroecosystems compared to conventional agriculture. It is argued that empirical models can represent powerful tools for assessing how mitigation and adaptation strategies can be used to optimize crop yield and minimize greenhouse gas emissions under future climate change scenarios. 'Sustainable agroecosystems in climate change mitigation' bridges our current knowledge gaps and recognizes the contribution of sustainable agricultural practices as a way forward in reducing the global carbon and nitrogen footprint. It is relevant for students, researchers, governmental and non-governmental organisations interested in climate change mitigation, sustainable agriculture, soil science, modern analytical techniques and modelling. It answers the questions: 'How can sustainable agroecosystems help mitigate climate change?' and 'What are the tools to achieve this goal?'

Towards Sustainable Natural Resources

Towards Sustainable Natural Resources Book
Author : Meenu Rani,Bhagwan Singh Chaudhary,Saleha Jamal,Pavan Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-10-10
ISBN : 3031064437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural resources not only contribute to overall growth of the economy but also help reduce poverty by providing employment and food security to populations on the continent, and is thus the most inclusive growth sector of the economy of Asian countries. Global weather and climate studies are also increasingly being considered a vital source of information to understand the earth’s environment, in particular in the framework of weather and climate studies, land use transformation and human influence across these areas. Satellite earth observing systems provide a unique tool to monitor these changes. This book includes significant and up to date contributions in the field of sustainable natural resources conservation across the globe. While the range of applications and innovative techniques is constantly increasing, this book provides a summary of key case studies where satellite data offers critical information to help understand the causes and effects of those environmental changes, allowing us to reflect on how to minimize their negative impacts. This book is of interest to researchers and practitioners in the field of remote sensing, geographical information, meteorology, and environmental sciences. Scientists and graduate to post-graduate-level students in environmental science will also find valuable information in this book.

Knowledge for the Future of Black Walnut

Knowledge for the Future of Black Walnut Book
Author : J. W. Van Sambeek
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Knowledge for the Future of Black Walnut book written by J. W. Van Sambeek, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Invertebrate Biodiversity as Bioindicators of Sustainable Landscapes

Invertebrate Biodiversity as Bioindicators of Sustainable Landscapes Book
Author : Maurizio G. Paoletti
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0444599681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reducing environmental hazard and human impact on different ecosystems, with special emphasis on rural landscapes is the main topic of different environmental policies designed in developed countries and needed in most developing countries. This book covers the bioindication approach of rural landscapes and man managed ecosystems including both urbanised and industrialised ones. The main techniques and taxa used for bioindication are considered in detail. Remediation and contamination is faced with diversity, abundance and dominance of biota, mostly invertebrates. Invertebrate Biodiversity as Bioindicators of Sustainable Landscapes provides a basic tool for students and scientists involved in landscape ecology and planning, environmental sciences, landscape remediation and pollution.

Insects and Ecosystem Function

Insects and Ecosystem Function Book
Author : W.W. Weisser,Evan Siemann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-05
ISBN : 354074004X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Insects are a dominant component of biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems and play a key role in mediating the relationship between plants and ecosystem processes. This volume examines their effects on ecosystem functioning, focusing mainly, but not exclusively, on herbivorous insects. Renowned authors with extensive experience in the field of plant-insect interactions, contribute to the volume using examples from their own work.

Sustainable Agricultural Systems

Sustainable Agricultural Systems Book
Author : Clive A. Edwards
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-25
ISBN : 1000162273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A unique look at how the adoption of sustainable farming methods is being pursued throughout the world. This comprehensive book provides clear insight into research and education needs and the many points of view that come to bear on the issue of sustainability. Essential for agricultural leaders in research, education, conservation, policy making, and anyone else interested in creating an economically and environmentally sustainable agriculture worldwide.

Environmental Standards

Environmental Standards Book
Author : Christian Streffer,Josef Bücker,Adrienne Cansier,Dieter Cansier,Carl Friedrich Gethmann,Robert Guderian,Gerd Hanekamp,Dietrich Henschler,Gerald Pöch,Eckard Rehbinder,Ortwin Renn,Marco Slesina,Kerstin Wuttke
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-08-04
ISBN : 9783540440970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The rapid growth of the world population - nearly six-fold over the last hundred years - combined with the rising number of technical installations especially in the industrialized countries has lead to ever tighter and more strained living spaces on our planet. Because ofthe inevitable processes oflife, man was at first an exploiter rather than a careful preserver of the environment. Environmental awareness with the intention to conserve the environment has grown only in the last few decades. Environmental standards have been defined and limit values have been set largely guided, however, by scientific and medical data on single exposures, while public opinion, on the other hand, now increasingly calls for astronger consideration of the more complex situations following combined exposures. Furthermore, it turned out that environmental standards, while necessarily based on scientific data, must also take into account ethical, legal, economic, and sociological aspects. A task of such complexity can only be dealt with appropriately in the framework of an inter disciplinary group.