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Agricultural Law And Economics In Sub Saharan Africa

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Agricultural Law and Economics in Sub Saharan Africa

Agricultural Law and Economics in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Frederick Owusu Boadu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-27
ISBN : 0128018453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural Law in Sub-Saharan Africa: Cases and Comments introduces the subject of agricultural law and economics to researchers, practitioners, and students in common law countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, and presents information from the legal system in Botswana, Gambia, Ghana, Lesotho, Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The law and economics approach entails the use of quantitative methods in research. This is consistent with the expectations in an applied economics field such as agricultural economics. Covering the general traditional law topics in contracts, torts, and property, the book goes further to introduce cutting-edge and region-relevant topics, including contracts with illiterate parties, contract farming, climate change, and transboundary water issues. The book is supported by an extensive list of reference materials, as well as study and enrichment exercises, to deepen readers’ understanding of the principles discussed in the book. It is a learning tool, first and foremost, and can be used as a stand-alone resource to teach the subject matter of agricultural law and economics to professionals new to the subject area as well as to students in law school, agricultural economics, economics, and inter-disciplinary classes. Offers research findings on such topics as food safety, climate change, transboundary natural resources, international sale of goods, patents, and trademarks to highlight the future sources of pressure on the agriculture industry Uses case-studies to provide real-world insights into the challenges and considerations of appropriate agricultural law development Challenges readers to carry out their own research in their areas of study, and to gain some understanding of the relationship between law, economics, and statistics Includes extensive resources, such as chapter summaries, study questions, and challenge questions at the end of each chapter to assist instructors and students in gaining full benefits from using the book Provides separate instructor and student study guides, a test bank, and test bank answers, in hardcopy and electronic formats

Large Scale Land Investments in Least Developed Countries

Large Scale Land Investments in Least Developed Countries Book
Author : Luis Tomás Montilla Fernández
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-09
ISBN : 331965280X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book analyses large-scale land investments for agricultural purposes in Africa’s least developed countries from a law and economics perspective. Focusing on the effects of foreign land investments on host countries’ local populations and the apparent failure of international law to create incentives to offset them, it also examines the legal and economic mechanisms to hold investors accountable in cases where their investment leads to human rights violations. Applying principal agent and contract theory, it elucidates the sources of opportunism and develops control mechanisms to ameliorate the negative effects. It shows that although judicial mechanisms fail to deliver justice, international law offers alternatives to safeguard against arbitrary and abusive state and investor conduct, and also to effectuate human rights and, thus, tackle opportunistic behaviour.

Reconciling Environmental Protection and Economic Development in Sub Saharan Africa The Case of Cameroon

Reconciling Environmental Protection and Economic Development in Sub Saharan Africa  The Case of Cameroon Book
Author : Ruddy Fualefeh Morfaw Azanu
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2019-03-26
ISBN : 3668907455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Master's Thesis from the year 2018 in the subject Environmental Sciences, grade: A, University of Buea, course: LLM International Law, language: English, abstract: This work has engaged in refining current understandings of the possibilities for attaining environmental conservation objectives amidst the incessant struggle for economic advancement in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It has examined the inability of the region to properly assimilate sustainable developmental tenets as reflected in the weaknesses of the several legislations that exist. The analysis was done through the concept of the respect for the Rule of Law and considered all relevant factors in terms of structural and administrative changes as well as reflected needs of the region, using Cameroon as a case study. Through the doctrinal research approach, it demonstrated in theory, the correlation between environmental protection and economic development. Looking at the legal, policy and institutional frameworks for environmental protection within SSA and Cameroon, it has examined the effect of the several legislations on business and trade, and therefore the overall upshot on economic development. The work has consequently scrutinized the possibility of reconciling environment and economic needs through green growth and a green economy. Amidst these difficulties associated with the concept of sustainable development, the question was therefore contemplated whether the pressing international calls for the restriction of the use of Africa’s resources could be tantamount to a disguised neo-colonialist move by former imperialist nations to retard the region’s advancement. The findings of the work therefore revealed outweighing difficulties associated with presently attaining green growth within the region and how its efforts continually stifle economic growth and development. The weaknesses inherently associated with the concept of sustainable development, which are strongly reflected in the prevailing African situation established some misgivings about the good-faith propagated by the ‘rich North’ towards the ‘poor South’. The work therefore suggested that the region should properly weigh its needs and goals in the light of the environment and the economy, and not rush into commitments it cannot live up to. To achieve this, it would have to integrate the opinions of all stakeholders into the decision-making process, from public to private and to individual levels.

Formalization and Privatization of Land Rights in Sub Saharan Africa

Formalization and Privatization of Land Rights in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Jean-Philippe Platteau
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Formalization and Privatization of Land Rights in Sub Saharan Africa book written by Jean-Philippe Platteau, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Globalisation and Seed Sovereignty in Sub Saharan Africa

Globalisation and Seed Sovereignty in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Clare O'Grady Walshe
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-16
ISBN : 3030128709
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"It is my expectation that respect for the critical importance of seed sovereignty will in due course be recognised by member states of the United Nations to be as critical to global peace and security as the UN Charter demands in respect of State sovereign equality, justice, human rights and economic and social wellbeing for all peoples."—Denis J. Halliday, UN Assistant Secretary-General 1994-98 "A constructive contribution to our understanding of what is going wrong and what can go right in the complex area of seed sovereignty."—Dervla Murphy, renowned travel writer and adventurer "Keeping seed diversity alive is the secret ingredient, not just for the good, nutrient-dense food that every cook, gardener and farmer/producer needs, but for strengthening our resilience in the face of multiple environmental threats. This compelling and timely book helps us to understand what we are up against and how we can overcome it."— Darina Allen, internationally renowned cook, founder of Ballymaloe Cookery school and President of the East Cork Convivium of Slow Food This book studies the relationship between globalisation and seed sovereignty in Sub-Saharan Africa. It provides comparative case studies of the most recent Kenyan and Ethiopian seed laws, as well as a study of seed sovereignty 'on the ground' in a locality within Ethiopia. Based on extensive fieldwork, it identifies the interests and motivations of transnational seed corporations, global philanthropic organisations, state actors, and local farmers. It finds significant differences in the wording of seed laws and the exercise of seed sovereignty, applying theories of globalisation to help us better understand these varied outcomes. It shows that seed sovereignty has the potential to be shared between local, national, regional, and global authorities, but in different ways in different countries and localities. In the face of what might sometimes appear to be unstoppable global forces, these findings suggest that the exercise of seed sovereignty can be transformed even in a highly globalised world.

Africa s Agricultural Policies

Africa s Agricultural Policies Book
Author : United States. General Accounting Office
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Africa s Agricultural Policies book written by United States. General Accounting Office, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Africa

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Africa Book
Author : Kym Anderson,William A. Masters
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2009-03-13
ISBN : 9780821376645
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The vast majority of the world s poorest households depend on farming for their livelihoods. During the 1960s and 1970s, most developing countries imposed pro-urban and anti-agricultural policies, while many high-income countries restricted agricultural imports and subsidized their farmers. Both sets of policies inhibited economic growth and poverty alleviation in developing countries. Although progress has been made over the past two decades to reduce those policy biases, many trade- and welfare-reducing price distortions remain between agriculture and other sectors and within the agricultural sector of both rich and poor countries. Comprehensive empirical studies of the disarray in world agricultural markets appeared approximately 20 years ago. Since then, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has provided estimates each year of market distortions in high-income countries, but there have been no comparable estimates for the world s developing countries. This volume is the third in a series (other volumes cover Asia, Europe s transition economies, and Latin America and the Caribbean) that not only fills that void for recent years but extends the estimates in a consistent and comparable way back in time and provides analytical narratives for scores of countries that shed light on the evolving nature and extent of policy interventions over the past half-century. 'Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Africa' provides an overview of the evolution of distortions to agricultural incentives caused by price and trade policies in the Arab Republic of Egypt plus 20 countries that account for about of 90 percent of Sub-Saharan Africa s population, farm households, agricultural output, and overall GDP. Sectoral, trade, and exchange rate policies in the region have changed greatly since the 1950s, and there have been substantial reforms since the 1980s. Nonetheless, numerous price distortions in this region remain, others have been added in recent years, and there has also been some backsliding, such as in Zimbabwe. The new empirical indicators in these country studies provide a strong evidence-based foundation for assessing the successes and failures of the past and for evaluating policy options for the years ahead.

Agricultural Land Redistribution and Land Administration in Sub Saharan Africa

Agricultural Land Redistribution and Land Administration in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Frank F. K. Byamugisha
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2014-05-05
ISBN : 1464801894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural Land Redistribution and Land Administration in Sub-Saharan Africa: Case Studies of Recent Reforms focuses on “how” to undertake land reforms in Sub-Saharan Africa, but with relevant lessons for other developing countries. It provides details, with case studies, on how reforms were undertaken to address a pressing and controversial development challenge in Africa – land ownership inequality – and an intransigent development issue – inefficiency and corruption in land administration. An equally important contribution of the book is assessing reforms and highlighting valuable lessons for other countries contemplating reforms. The six case studies collectively cover two main areas of land governance: reforms in redistributing agricultural land and reforms in land administration. The first two case studies discuss reforms in redistributing agricultural land in Malawi and South Africa, part of the southern Africa region where land ownership inequalities rival those in Latin America. The remaining case studies, four in number, are focused on addressing corruption and inefficiency in land administration in a variety of contexts of governance including stable and post-conflict countries. The case studies cover: • Decentralizing land administration with demonstrations from Uganda, Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Ghana; • Developing post-conflict land administration systems with examples from Liberia and Rwanda; • Re-engineering and computerizing land information systems with examples from Ghana and Uganda; and • Improving management of government land through land inventories with examples drawn from Ghana and Uganda. The common elements between sometimes disparate experiences provide lessons of relevance to African and other developing countries contemplating similar reforms. The rigorous analysis and yet down-to-earth lessons of experience are a reflection of the authors’ deep global experience underpinned by personal participation in the reforms covered by the book. This volume will be of interest to a wide audience including land specialists and practitioners, African policy makers, experts and managers in the international development community, and the academia.

The Informal Economy Innovation and Intellectual Property Concepts Metrics and Policy Considerations

The Informal Economy  Innovation and Intellectual Property  Concepts  Metrics and Policy Considerations Book
Author : Jeremy de Beer,Kun Fu,Sacha Wunsch-Vincent,World Intellectual Property Organization
Publisher : WIPO
Release : 2021-10-21
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The authors connect concepts, definitions and data regarding the informal economy, innovation, and intellectual property in order to establish a framework for further qualitative and quantitative research and the improvement of public policies in respect of these issues.

Governing large scale farmland investments in sub Saharan Africa Challenges and ways forward

Governing large scale farmland investments in sub Saharan Africa  Challenges and ways forward Book
Author : George C. Schoneveld
Publisher : CIFOR
Release : 2014-06-10
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Large-scale farmland investments in sub-Saharan Africa have to date produced a striking uniformity of largely negative local socioeconomic and environmental outcomes, raising questions about their contribution to sustainable development. This study attributes these outcomes to eight interrelated factors, namely, (1) deficiencies in the law, (2) elite capture, (3) conflicts of interest, (4) capacity constraints, (5) high modernist ideologies, (6) limited contestation, (7) incompatibility of production systems, and (8) misalignment of corporate accountability. Considering the important role of poor implementation and enforcement in shaping outcomes, greater emphasis should be placed on institutional rather than legal reform in host countries. Institutional conditions relating to (1) mandate, (2) capacity, (3) incentives, and (4) accountability need to be fulfilled. Findings also highlight the importance of balanced cross-sectoral reform, risks associated with decentralization, and the need to exercise greater caution when adopting free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC) principles. This Info Brief concludes with a number of concrete recommendations for policy makers.

Corruption Good Governance and the African State

Corruption  Good Governance  and the African State Book
Author : Ganahl, Joseph Patrick
Publisher : Universitätsverlag Potsdam
Release : 2014-02-18
ISBN : 386956248X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

African states are often called corrupt, indicating that the political system in Africa differs from the one prevalent in economically advanced democracies. This, however, does not give us any insight into what makes corruption the dominant norm of African statehood. Thus we must turn to the overly neglected theoretical work on the political economy of Africa in order to determine how the poverty of governance in Africa is firmly anchored both in Africa’s domestic socioeconomic reality, as well as in the region’s role in the international economic order. Instead of focusing on increased monitoring, enforcement and formal democratic procedures, this book combines economic analysis with political theory in order to arrive at a better understanding of the political-economic roots of corruption in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Foreign Direct Investment in Agriculture in Sub Saharan Africa Implications for Sustainable Development and Rural Livelihoods

Foreign Direct Investment in Agriculture in Sub Saharan Africa  Implications for Sustainable Development and Rural Livelihoods Book
Author : Kordula Pfeiffer
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2017-10-16
ISBN : 3668549176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: Afrika, Note: 1,3, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Veranstaltung: Economics of Human Development, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Large-scale land acquisitions have raised questions about benefits and long-term impacts of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on host countries. Against this background the paper investigates how local economies, environment and finally the livelihoods of current rural land users are affected. For this purpose FDI are analyzed using different project examples of various countries that account for 50 % of the total area under FDI in Africa like Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia, but also Kenia and Uganda. International as well as national policy-making needs to meet reciprocal effects and thus complex goals. This requires an inclusion of development goals in the investment policy-making. As foreign investors have shown a keen interest in Mozambique for biofuel production, the paper aims to use positive findings in order to derive strategies that lead to sustainable development without compromising rural livelihoods. What basic requirements for responsible investment should be given will be illustrated based on the most relevant principles and guidelines.

Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement A Global Assessment for Sustainable Development

Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement     A Global Assessment for Sustainable Development Book
Author : Ephraim Nkonya,Alisher Mirzabaev,Joachim von Braun
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-11
ISBN : 3319191683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume deals with land degradation, which is occurring in almost all terrestrial biomes and agro-ecologies, in both low and high income countries and is stretching to about 30% of the total global land area. About three billion people reside in these degraded lands. However, the impact of land degradation is especially severe on livelihoods of the poor who heavily depend on natural resources. The annual global cost of land degradation due to land use and cover change (LUCC) and lower cropland and rangeland productivity is estimated to be about 300 billion USD. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) accounts for the largest share (22%) of the total global cost of land degradation. Only about 38% of the cost of land degradation due to LUCC - which accounts for 78% of the US$300 billion loss – is borne by land users and the remaining share (62%) is borne by consumers of ecosystem services off the farm. The results in this volume indicate that reversing land degradation trends makes both economic sense, and has multiple social and environmental benefits. On average, one US dollar investment into restoration of degraded land returns five US dollars. The findings of the country case studies call for increased investments into the rehabilitation and restoration of degraded lands, including through such institutional and policy measures as strengthening community participation for sustainable land management, enhancing government effectiveness and rule of law, improving access to markets and rural services, and securing land tenure. The assessment in this volume has been conducted at a time when there is an elevated interest in private land investments and when global efforts to achieve sustainable development objectives have intensified. In this regard, the results of this volume can contribute significantly to the ongoing policy debate and efforts to design strategies for achieving sustainable development goals and related efforts to address land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Leveraging Export Diversification in Fragile Countries

Leveraging Export Diversification in Fragile Countries Book
Author : José López-Cálix
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2020-02-12
ISBN : 1464814902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite multiple past efforts, fragile Sub-Saharan African economies such as those of Mali, Chad, Niger, and Guinea still rank among the least diversified worldwide, with natural resources constituting a high share of their gross domestic product or exports. Large-scale production of gold for Mali, oil for Chad, uranium for Niger, and bauxite for Guinea offers substantial opportunities, but also has major shortcomings. Conclusive evidence shows poor economic performance by resource-rich but fragile Sub-Saharan African countries. The primary reason is not only their high vulnerability to external shocks, but the greed or grievances that typically lead to rents appropriation by a small group of elites in countries that are prone to conflict. Leveraging Export Diversifi cation in Fragile Countries explores the following questions: What are Mali’s, Chad’s, Niger’s, and Guinea’s main constraints to export diversification as perceived by key exporting firms? How it could be beneficial for these countries to target certain emerging export products? Are their current interventions to promote global value chain (GVC) adequate? What lessons can be extracted from specific cases? How can trade and logistic policies favor (or hamper) export diversification†“led growth? The book lays the groundwork for effective step-by-step multidimensional policies to propel export diversification in fragile economies that are hindered not only by poor governance and weak institutions, but also by their landlocked position (except Guinea), small domestic markets, and business-unfriendly environments. Recognizing that traditional project interventions in these countries have had limited success, mainly due to their unidimensional focus on single components of an agricultural value chain, the book proposes a GVC 2.0 cluster-based approach to export diversification, in which complementary efforts attract foreign firms and public investment in support of agribusiness. Promising pilot examples of joint implementation plans among multiple donors, risk-sharing facilities, and agribusiness clusters provide valuable insights into recent global value chain developer interventions.

In Her Lifetime

In Her Lifetime Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee to Study Female Morbidity and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1996-04-06
ISBN : 0309054303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The relative lack of information on determinants of disease, disability, and death at major stages of a woman's lifespan and the excess morbidity and premature mortality that this engenders has important adverse social and economic ramifications, not only for Sub-Saharan Africa, but also for other regions of the world as well. Women bear much of the weight of world production in both traditional and modern industries. In Sub-Saharan Africa, for example, women contribute approximately 60 to 80 percent of agricultural labor. Worldwide, it is estimated that women are the sole supporters in 18 to 30 percent of all families, and that their financial contribution in the remainder of families is substantial and often crucial. This book provides a solid documentary base that can be used to develop an agenda to guide research and health policy formulation on female health--both for Sub-Saharan Africa and for other regions of the developing world. This book could also help facilitate ongoing, collaboration between African researchers on women's health and their U.S. colleagues. Chapters cover such topics as demographics, nutritional status, obstetric morbidity and mortality, mental health problems, and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV.

Green Closed Loop Circular Bio Economy

Green  Closed Loop  Circular Bio Economy Book
Author : Charisios Achillas,Dionysis Bochtis
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-03-04
ISBN : 3036502106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, bioeconomy strategies have been implemented and adapted internationally. In the bioeconomy, materials are to a certain extent circular by nature. However, biomaterials may also be used in a rather linear way. Lately, a transition towards a circular economy, a more restorative and regenerative economic model, is being promoted worldwide. A circular economy offers an alternative model aiming at “doing more and better with less”. It is based on the idea that circulating matter and energy will diminish the need for new input. Its concept lies in maintaining the value of products, materials, and resources for as long as possible and at the same time minimizing or even eliminating the amount of waste produced. Focused on “closing the loops”, a circular economy is a practical solution for promoting entrepreneurial sustainability, economic growth, environmental resilience, and a better quality of life for all. The most efficient way to close resource loops is to find value in the waste. Different modes of resource circulation may be applied, e.g., raw materials, by-products, human resources, logistics, services, waste, energy, or water. To that end, this Special Issue seeks to contribute to the circular bioeconomy agenda through enhanced scientific and multidisciplinary knowledge to boost the performance efficiency of circular business models and support decision-making within the specific field. The Special Issue includes innovative technical developments, reviews, and case studies, all of which are relevant to green, closed-loop, circular bioeconomy.

Rural Development Policies in Sub Saharan Africa and Cooperation with the European Union United Republic of Tanzania

Rural Development Policies in Sub Saharan Africa and Cooperation with the European Union   United Republic of Tanzania Book
Author : Joannes Maria De Luca
Publisher : Babelcube Inc.
Release : 2017-10-01
ISBN : 1507193009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What is the European Union's role in the third millennium geopolitical environment in Sub-Saharan Africa? What are Rural Development Policies in Tanzania? In agriculture they are considered a driver for the development of the entire Country System. What can be created from convergence and cooperation in an African model nation such as The United Republic of Tanzania and the European Vision 2014-2020 in East Africa. This book represents a useful compendium for political scientists and professionals, scholars of the African continent and the evolution of bilateral relations with Europe. It is for those who are interested in updating and deepening the dynamics and characteristics of the European Union's Foreign Policy and Rural Development Policies in Tanzania and their evolution within the East Africa Community. This present research work Rural Development Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa and Cooperation with the European Union: The United Republic of Tanzania has been published to celebrate the tenth anniversary in 2017 of the Joint Africa-European Union Strategy. The author believes in the modernisation of African agriculture, which also goes beyond understanding the policies and their formation. This research work clearly describes the two protagonists the European Union and Tanzania and their respective policies: 2 Visions 1 Future.

Women in Sub Saharan Africa

Women in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Edda Ivan-Smith,Nidhi Tandon,Jane Frances Connors
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Women in Sub Saharan Africa book written by Edda Ivan-Smith,Nidhi Tandon,Jane Frances Connors, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Economics and Organization of Brazilian Agriculture

The Economics and Organization of Brazilian Agriculture Book
Author : Fabio Chaddad
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-09-11
ISBN : 0128018070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Economics and Organization of Brazilian Agriculture: Recent Evolution and Productivity Gains presents insights on Brazilian agriculture and its impressive gains in productivity and international competitiveness, also providing insightful examples for global policymakers. In Brazil, as in many countries, many economists and policymakers believe that agriculture is a traditional, low-tech sector that crowds out the development of other economic sectors and the country. This book shows that this anti-agriculture bias is ill-informed, and with population growth, rising incomes, urbanization and diet changes – especially in developing countries like China and India – on the rise, the demand for food is expected to double in the next 40 years. Brazil has the natural resources, technology and management systems in place to benefit from this expected growth in food consumption and trade. Through real-world examples, the book shows how other low-latitude countries with tropical climate and soils like Brazil – especially in sub-Saharan Africa – can benefit from the agricultural technology, production, and management systems developed in Brazil. Case studies in each of three key categories, including technology, resource management, and effective government programs provide valuable insights into effective decision-making to maximize the effect of each. Provides important and practical insights into achievable agricultural options via case studies Addresses the use of natural resources, technological advances, and management systems to create viable, adaptive economic growth Applies lessons learned in Brazil to improving both economic and ecological resource-sustainable agriculture for other regions and countries

The Farm Labor Problem

The Farm Labor Problem Book
Author : J. Edward Taylor,Diane Charlton
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-29
ISBN : 0128172681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Farm Labor Problem: A Global Perspective explores the unique character of agricultural labor markets and the implications for food production, farm worker welfare and advocacy, and immigration policy. Agricultural labor markets differ from other labor markets in fundamental ways related to seasonality and uncertainty, and they evolve differently than other labor markets as economies develop. We weave economic analysis with the history of agricultural labor markets using data and real-world events. The farm labor history of California and the United States is particularly rich, so it plays a central role in the book, but the book has a global perspective ensuring its relevance to Europe and high-income Asian countries. The chapters in this book provide readers with the basics for understanding how farm labor markets work (labor in agricultural household models, farm labor supply and demand, spatial market equilibria); farm labor and immigration policy; farm labor organizing; farm employment and rural poverty; unionization and the United Farm Workers movement; the Fair Food Program as a new approach to collective bargaining; the declining immigrant farm labor supply; and what economic development in relatively low-income countries portends for the future of agriculture in the United States and other high-income countries. The book concludes with a chapter called "Robots in the Fields," which extrapolates current trends to a perhaps not-so-distant future. The Farm Labor Problem serves as both a guide to policy makers, farmworker advocates and international development organizations and as a textbook for students of agricultural economics and economics. Describes the unique character of agricultural labor markets providing consequential insights Contextualizes the economics of agricultural labor with a global perspective Examines the history of farm labor, immigration, policy and collective bargaining with a view to the future