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Agricultural Law And Economics In Sub Saharan Africa

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Agricultural Law and Economics in Sub Saharan Africa

Agricultural Law and Economics in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Frederick Owusu Boadu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-27
ISBN : 0128018453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural Law in Sub-Saharan Africa: Cases and Comments introduces the subject of agricultural law and economics to researchers, practitioners, and students in common law countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, and presents information from the legal system in Botswana, Gambia, Ghana, Lesotho, Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The law and economics approach entails the use of quantitative methods in research. This is consistent with the expectations in an applied economics field such as agricultural economics. Covering the general traditional law topics in contracts, torts, and property, the book goes further to introduce cutting-edge and region-relevant topics, including contracts with illiterate parties, contract farming, climate change, and transboundary water issues. The book is supported by an extensive list of reference materials, as well as study and enrichment exercises, to deepen readers’ understanding of the principles discussed in the book. It is a learning tool, first and foremost, and can be used as a stand-alone resource to teach the subject matter of agricultural law and economics to professionals new to the subject area as well as to students in law school, agricultural economics, economics, and inter-disciplinary classes. Offers research findings on such topics as food safety, climate change, transboundary natural resources, international sale of goods, patents, and trademarks to highlight the future sources of pressure on the agriculture industry Uses case-studies to provide real-world insights into the challenges and considerations of appropriate agricultural law development Challenges readers to carry out their own research in their areas of study, and to gain some understanding of the relationship between law, economics, and statistics Includes extensive resources, such as chapter summaries, study questions, and challenge questions at the end of each chapter to assist instructors and students in gaining full benefits from using the book Provides separate instructor and student study guides, a test bank, and test bank answers, in hardcopy and electronic formats

Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub Saharan Africa

Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Andrew McKay,Erik Thorbecke
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015
ISBN : 019872845X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While Sub-Saharan Africa has undergone an important growth recovery, of more interest is the impact of this on the conditions of those living on the continent. This book reviews many of the issues, which are particularly important in making economic growth more effective in reducing poverty. These include the extent to which agriculture, especially small-scale agriculture, shares in this growth; the extent of employment creation associated with growth; the natureof industrialization accompanying growth; and the impact of globalization. The volume surveys the risks and opportunities in each of these areas, with a view to understanding how growth can beassociated with a better record of poverty reduction.

Agriculture Diversification and Gender in Rural Africa

Agriculture  Diversification  and Gender in Rural Africa Book
Author : Agnes Andersson Djurfeldt,Fred Mawunyo Dzanku,Aida Cuthbert Isinika
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-01-25
ISBN : 0198799284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa uses a longitudinal cross-country comparative approach to contribute to the understanding of smallholder agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa. Relying on unique household level data collected in six African countries since 2002, it addresses the dynamics of intensification and diversification within and outside agriculture in contexts where women have much poorer access to agrarian resources than men. Despite a growing interest in smallholder agriculture in Africa, this interest has not been matched by the research on the subject. While recent policies focus on reducing poverty through encouraging smallholder agriculture, there are few studies showing how livelihoods have changed since this time, and especially how such changes may have affected male and female headed households differently. Moreover, agriculture is often viewed in isolation from other types of income generating opportunities, like small scale trading. Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa looks at how livelihoods have changed over time and how this has affected the relationship between agricultural and non-agricultural sources of livelihoods. In general, women have much poorer access to agricultural sources of income, and for this reason the interplay between farm and non-farm sources of income is especially important to analyse. Providing suggestions for more inclusive policies related to rural development, this edited volume outlines current weaknesses and illustrates potential opportunities for change. It offers a nuanced alternative to the current dominance of structural transformation narratives of agricultural change through adding insights from gender studies as well as village-level studies of agrarian development. It positions change in relation to broader livelihood dynamics outside the farm sector and contextualises them nationally and regionally to provide a necessary analytical adaption to the unfolding empirical realities of rural Africa.

Large Scale Land Investments in Least Developed Countries

Large Scale Land Investments in Least Developed Countries Book
Author : Luis Tomás Montilla Fernández
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-17
ISBN : 9783319652795
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book analyses large-scale land investments for agricultural purposes in Africa’s least developed countries from a law and economics perspective. Focusing on the effects of foreign land investments on host countries’ local populations and the apparent failure of international law to create incentives to offset them, it also examines the legal and economic mechanisms to hold investors accountable in cases where their investment leads to human rights violations. Applying principal agent and contract theory, it elucidates the sources of opportunism and develops control mechanisms to ameliorate the negative effects. It shows that although judicial mechanisms fail to deliver justice, international law offers alternatives to safeguard against arbitrary and abusive state and investor conduct, and also to effectuate human rights and, thus, tackle opportunistic behaviour.

Handbook of Research on In Country Determinants and Implications of Foreign Land Acquisitions

Handbook of Research on In Country Determinants and Implications of Foreign Land Acquisitions Book
Author : Osabuohien, Evans
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2014-12-31
ISBN : 1466674067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Several studies have investigated the impetus and implications behind large-scale land acquisitions/deals at the global level; however, intranational factors within communities and societies have not received much attention from researchers. The Handbook of Research on In-Country Determinants and Implications of Foreign Land Acquisitions examines the economic, sociological, and environmental issues surrounding land transactions and the impact these deals may have on local households and communities. Focusing on international issues as well as domestic concerns, this publication is a useful reference for policymakers, academics, researchers, and advanced-level students in various disciplines.

OECD FAO Agricultural Outlook 2016 2025

OECD FAO Agricultural Outlook 2016 2025 Book
Author : OECD,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2016-07-04
ISBN : 9264253238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2016-2025 provides an assessment of prospects for the coming decade of the agricultural commodity markets across 41 countries and 12 regions, including OECD countries and key agricultural producers, such as India, China, Brazil, the Russian Federation and Argentina.

Decent rural employment productivity effects and poverty reduction in sub Saharan Africa

Decent rural employment  productivity effects and poverty reduction in sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2018-10-24
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Promoting decent rural employment, by creating new jobs in rural areas and upgrading the existing ones, could be one of the most efficient pathways to reduce rural poverty. This paper systematically investigates the impact of decent rural employment on agricultural production efficiency in sub-Saharan African countries, taking Ethiopia and Tanzania as case countries. The analysis applies an output-oriented distance function approach with an estimation procedure that accounts for different technological, demographic, socio-economic, institutional and decent rural employment indicators. Data of the most recent round of Living Standards Measurement Study-Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA) for the two countries are used, and a set of indicators are derived to proxy core dimensions of decent rural employment. The findings of our analysis show that decent rural employment contributes to agricultural production efficiency.

Agriculture in Africa

Agriculture in Africa Book
Author : Luc Christiaensen,Lionel Demery
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2017-10-25
ISBN : 1464811377
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stylized facts set agendas and shape debates. In rapidly changing and data scarce environments, they also risk being ill-informed, outdated and misleading. So, following higher food prices since the 2008 world food crisis, robust economic growth and rapid urbanization, and climatic change, is conventional wisdom about African agriculture and rural livelihoods still accurate? Or is it more akin to myth than fact? The essays in “Agriculture in Africa †“ Telling Myths from Facts†? aim to set the record straight. They exploit newly gathered, nationally representative, geo-referenced information at the household and plot level, from six African countries. In these new Living Standard Measurement Study-Integrated Surveys on Agriculture, every aspect of farming and non-farming life is queried—from the plots farmers cultivate, the crops they grow, the harvest that is achieved, and the inputs they use, to all the other sources of income they rely on and the risks they face. Together the surveys cover more than 40 percent of the Sub-Saharan African population. In all, sixteen conventional wisdoms are examined, relating to four themes: the extent of farmer’s engagement in input, factor and product markets; the role of off-farm activities; the technology and farming systems used; and the risk environment farmers face. Some striking surprises, in true myth-busting fashion, emerge. And a number of new issues are also thrown up. The studies bring a more refined, empirically grounded understanding of the complex reality of African agriculture. They also confirm that investing in regular, nationally representative data collection yields high social returns.

New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture

New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture Book
Author : Peter B. R. Hazell,Atiqur Rahman
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0199689342
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are about 450 million small farms today and they are getting more numerous and smaller by the day. Many have become too small to provide adequate livelihoods or to compete successfully in today's globalised markets. This has led to considerable debate about the future role of small farms and whether it still makes sense for governments to invest in them. This book reviews the current status of small farms around the developing world, and the challenges thatthey face. It finds that policy makers need to differentiate more sharply than in the past between different types of small farms and the types of assistance they need, and discusses strategies appropriate for each type. The book draws on a wealth of recent experience at IFAD and elsewhere to helpidentify best practice approaches.

Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme

Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme Book
Author : New Partnership for Africa's Development
Publisher : Nepad
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme book written by New Partnership for Africa's Development, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Growth and Poverty in Sub Saharan Africa

Growth and Poverty in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Channing Arndt,Andy McKay,Finn Tarp
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-04-14
ISBN : 019874479X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While the economic growth renaissance in sub-Saharan Africa is widely recognized, much less is known about progress in living conditions. This book comprehensively evaluates trends in living conditions in 16 major sub-Saharan African countries, corresponding to nearly 75% of the total population. It shows how some countries have seen little economic growth and progress for the poor whilst others have made impressive progress in key non-monetary indicators ofwellbeing.

Building a Resilient and Sustainable Agriculture in Sub Saharan Africa

Building a Resilient and Sustainable Agriculture in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Abebe Shimeles,Audrey Verdier-Chouchane,Amadou Boly
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-01
ISBN : 3319762222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What are the challenges and action points for agricultural sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa? This open access collection of papers offers technical analyses, policy recommendations and an overview of success stories to date. Each carefully selected paper provides valuable insights for improved policy making and defines relevant strategic priorities on Africa’s sustainable transformation process, which is in line with the international development agenda. Although agriculture remains the main source of income for Africa’s population, the sector is rain-fed subjecting it to the vagaries of weather and climate change. This volume demonstrates the rationale of developing a competitive, inclusive and sustainable agribusiness sector for Africa’s food security and structural transformation. From the impact of Bioenergy crop adoption and Drought Index Insurance to Agro-Industrialization, this volume is important reading for individual researchers, academic associations and professional bodies interested in African agricultural development.

From Evidence to Action

From Evidence to Action Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2018-10-18
ISBN : 9251089817
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cash transfers have become a key social protection tool in developing countries and have expanded dramatically in the last two decades. However, the impacts of cash transfers programmes, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, have not been substantially documented. This book presents a detailed overview of the impact evaluations of these programmes, carried out by the Transfer Project and FAO’s From Protection to Production project. The 14 chapters include a review of eight country case studies: Kenya, Ghana, Ethiopia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Malawi, South Africa, as well as a description of the innovative research methodologies, political economy issues and good practices to design cash transfer programmes. The key objective of the book is to enhance the understanding of these development programmes, how they lead to a broad range of social and productive impacts and also of the role of programme evaluation in the process of developing policies and implementing programmes.

Arethuse 2 2 2015

Arethuse 2 2 2015 Book
Author : Maria Rosaria Marcone,José Luis Rivero Ceballos
Publisher : Società Editrice Esculapio
Release : 2015-07-21
ISBN : 8874888686
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the second issue of 2015, the Journal of International Studies of the scientific association, Arethuse as is by now a tradition, presents a comparison and discussion of international academic scholars on three scientific areas, Strategic Management, Economics and Statistics, and Public Finance.

Youth Employment in Sub Saharan Africa

Youth Employment in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Deon Filmer,Louise Fox
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2014-01-24
ISBN : 1464801088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on how to improve the quality of jobs and meet the aspirations of youth in Sub-Saharan Africa. It finds that a strong foundation for human capital development can be key to boosting earnings, arguing for a balanced approach that builds skills and demand for labor.

Challenges for African Agriculture

Challenges for African Agriculture Book
Author : Jean-Claude Devèze
Publisher : World Bank
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9780821384817
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the key demographic, economic, and environmental challenges for agriculture in Africa and proposes courses of action for Africa to be successful in its agricultural transitions.

Diverse Development Paths and Structural Transformation in the Escape from Poverty

Diverse Development Paths and Structural Transformation in the Escape from Poverty Book
Author : Martin Andersson,Tobias Axelsson
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-04-21
ISBN : 0191057177
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume analyzes the experiences of developing countries in Asia, Latin America, and Sub-Saharan Africa, and examines how they might catch up. Based on growth performance across the developing world over the last five decades, it offers a thorough account of the possibilities to engage in such processes in an increasingly globalized world. Together, the chapters highlight the diversity and variation of development pathways and provide valuable lessons and implications for how to approach this difficult question. The book shows the importance of acknowledging that the process of development is dynamic and that the possibilities for catch up are situation dependent. At the same time it makes clear that without structural change, and in particular agricultural transformation, sustained catch up is unlikely to happen. The volume demonstrates how analysis of current growth processes in developing countries can be enriched by paying closer attention to the multifaceted nature of both economic backwardness and successful pathways to escape it.

Green Closed Loop Circular Bio Economy

Green  Closed Loop  Circular Bio Economy Book
Author : Charisios Achillas,Dionysis Bochtis
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-03-04
ISBN : 3036502106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, bioeconomy strategies have been implemented and adapted internationally. In the bioeconomy, materials are to a certain extent circular by nature. However, biomaterials may also be used in a rather linear way. Lately, a transition towards a circular economy, a more restorative and regenerative economic model, is being promoted worldwide. A circular economy offers an alternative model aiming at “doing more and better with less”. It is based on the idea that circulating matter and energy will diminish the need for new input. Its concept lies in maintaining the value of products, materials, and resources for as long as possible and at the same time minimizing or even eliminating the amount of waste produced. Focused on “closing the loops”, a circular economy is a practical solution for promoting entrepreneurial sustainability, economic growth, environmental resilience, and a better quality of life for all. The most efficient way to close resource loops is to find value in the waste. Different modes of resource circulation may be applied, e.g., raw materials, by-products, human resources, logistics, services, waste, energy, or water. To that end, this Special Issue seeks to contribute to the circular bioeconomy agenda through enhanced scientific and multidisciplinary knowledge to boost the performance efficiency of circular business models and support decision-making within the specific field. The Special Issue includes innovative technical developments, reviews, and case studies, all of which are relevant to green, closed-loop, circular bioeconomy.

Land Tenure and Agricultural Production in Sub Saharan Africa

Land Tenure and Agricultural Production in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Arthur J. Dommen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Land Tenure and Agricultural Production in Sub Saharan Africa book written by Arthur J. Dommen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Insect and Hydroponic Farming in Africa

Insect and Hydroponic Farming in Africa Book
Author : Dorte Verner,Nanna Roos,Afton Halloran
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-11
ISBN : 9781464817663
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an inclusive, and resilient solution to Africa's wide-ranging food security challenges, particularly in fragility, conflict, and violence-affected countries. It assesses the costs and benefits of using two frontier agriculture technologies, insect farming and plant hydroponics, to create a circular food economy in Africa.