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Agricultural Extension Reforms In South Asia

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Agricultural Extension Reforms in South Asia

Agricultural Extension Reforms in South Asia Book
Author : Suresh Chandra Babu,P.K. Joshi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-27
ISBN : 0128187530
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural Extension Reforms in South Asia: Status, Challenges, and Policy Options is based on agricultural extension reforms across five South Asian countries, reflecting past experiences, case studies and experiments. Beginning with an overview of historical trends and recent developments, the book then delves into country-wise reform trajectories and presents several cases testing the effectiveness of different types (public and private) and forms (nutrition extension, livestock extension) of extension systems. Further, the book provides a comprehensive overview of challenges and constraints faced in formulating and implementing reforms, tying the results into a concrete set of lessons and highlighting areas that require further research. In addition, the book discusses how a major aspect of agricultural development is the productivity increase from the knowledge base of farmers, and how translating research results into a knowledge base for farmers requires designing and implementing well-functioning extension programs. Presents the current challenges and solutions by region, and provides insights for application in global settings Provides key foundational information for the effective and efficient design of future intervention programs Includes workshops and presentations based on real-world research of specific aspects of extension systems and provision of advisory and consultation services to various governments

Agricultural Extension Reforms in South Asia

Agricultural Extension Reforms in South Asia Book
Author : Suresh Chandra Babu,P.K. Joshi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-18
ISBN : 9780128187524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural Extension Reforms in South Asia: Status, Challenges, and Policy Options is based on the agricultural extension reforms across five South Asian countries reflecting on past experiences, case studies and experiments. Beginning with a comprehensive overview of historical trends and recent developments in the region, the book then delves into country-wise reform trajectories and presents several cases testing the effectiveness of different types (public and private) and forms (nutrition extension, livestock extension) of extension systems. Further, the book also provides a comprehensive overview of the different challenges and constraints faced in formulating and implementing reforms, tying the results into a concrete set of lessons and highlighting the areas that require further research. Agricultural Extension Reforms in South Asia: Status, Challenges, and Policy Options discusses how a major aspect of agricultural development is the productivity increase from the knowledge base of the farmers and translating research results into knowledge base for farmers requires designing and implementing well-functioning extension programs. As such, the readers will gain a solid understanding of the challenges facing academics, researchers and policy makers in agricultural transformation through a wide range of experiences, lessons and case studies. Presents the current challenges and solutions by region, and provides insights for application in global settings Provides key foundational information for the effective and efficient design of future intervention programs Includes workshops and presentations based on real-world research of specific aspects of extension systems and provision of advisory and consultation services to various governments

Agricultural Innovation in Developing East Asia

Agricultural Innovation in Developing East Asia Book
Author : Riikka Rajalahti
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2021-12-29
ISBN : 1464816816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural innovation has played a critical role in the economic transformation of developing East Asian countries over the past half century. The Green Revolution—in the form of modern seed varieties, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and modern machinery—has contributed to increased crop yields and farm incomes, and decreased poverty across the region. Although policy makers’ traditional focus on expanding and intensifying agricultural production has brought many benefits, the focus on productivity has come at a rising cost. The environmental sustainability of agricultural production is increasingly under threat. Moreover, as countries in the region have become more urbanized and demand for processed foods has risen, inadequate food safety systems and related food safety hazards have created a new form of food insecurity. As detailed in Agricultural Innovation in Developing East Asia: Productivity, Safety, and Sustainability, a new generation of innovation in agriculture has the potential to address the challenges of productivity, sustainability, and food safety to deliver a “triple win.†? To make the most of this promising wave of agricultural innovations, policy makers in the region will need to act to strengthen countries’ agricultural innovation systems. This effort will require a cross-cutting approach, including policy and institutional reforms, improved governance of countries’ agri-food systems, and efforts to build farmers’ and firms’ capacities to adopt new technologies and to innovate.

The Growth and Sustainability of Agriculture in Asia

The Growth and Sustainability of Agriculture in Asia Book
Author : Mingsan Khāosaʻāt,Benjavan Rerkasem
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an extensive account of the green revolution's effect on the performance of Asian agriculture over the past two decades, as well as the second-generation problems that the green revolution is now experiencing.

The Political Economy of Agricultural Policy Reform in India

The Political Economy of Agricultural Policy Reform in India Book
Author : Regina Birner,Surupa Gupta,Neeru Sharma
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0896291723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural policy reform is one of the major challenges facing India today. Such reform is required to reduce poverty through faster agricultural growth and to promote more sustainable use of natural resources while ensuring food security. Subsidy policies that promote the use of fertilizer and of electricity for groundwater irrigation are in particular need of reform. While subsidies for these two inputs played a crucial role in achieving India's Green Revolution, they have been criticized during the past decade for benefitting large-scale farmers more than smallholders, placing a fiscal burden on the state, and having negative environmental effects. By analyzing the evolution of these input subsidy policies and examining the political processes involved in efforts to reform them, this study throws new light on the factors that have so far prevented a move toward more pro-poor and environmentally sustainable agricultural input policies in India. The authors show that electoral politics, institutional factors, and policy paradigms or belief systems all play an important role in blocking reform. They identify several policy reform options as well as political strategies that can overcome past obstacles to reform. Community-based policy solutions, new coalitions for policy reform, fresh approaches to the policy debate, innovative and consensus-oriented forms of deliberation, and effective use of research-based knowledge can all make positive contributions to Indian policy reform. The analyses and proposals presented in this study will be a valuable resource for policymakers and stakeholders concerned with the politics of agricultural development.

Getting Ready for the Twenty first Century

Getting Ready for the Twenty first Century Book
Author : Charles H. Antholt
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780821325100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The productivity growth of farming in Asian countries over the past few decades highlights the high returns on investments in agricultural research and extension made in the region. This publication examines the performance of agricultural research and extension programmes in Asia, including the World Bank's training and visit (TandV) system, the challenges they face, and ways of improving their relevance, responsiveness, and cost- effectiveness. Conclusions reached include the importance of raising agricultural productivity through new technology in order to promote long- term growth and poverty reduction, and the need for less intensive and more environmentally sound agricultural practices.

Agricultural Policy Analysis

Agricultural Policy Analysis Book
Author : Jeevika Weerahewa,Andrew Jacque
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-04-09
ISBN : 9811632847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is centred around various interwoven topics which are fundamental to policy analysis in agriculture. Key concepts and tools that are fundamental for the analysis of agricultural policies and programmes are presented. Key concepts introduced include, the role of the state in a market economy with examples from the Sri Lankan and other developing economies, the international trade environment, and conceptual frameworks for analysing important domestic and international trade policies. It also highlights interconnections among agriculture, development, policy and illustrates the extent to which the agricultural sector contributes in achieving economic growth objectives, equity and equality objectives and environmental objectives. The book takes the readers through the nature of agricultural markets in developing countries, with special emphasis on Sri Lanka, and illustrates how the degree of competitiveness is measured at various market levels using multiple indices and methods. Several tools, with accompanying case studies, for the analysis of policies and programmes are detailed. These tools include the GTAP model, gravity models, extended benefit cost analysis, and linear programming. Tools and models are applied to the analysis of trade policies and agreements, marketing policies, environmental services, extension programmes, land tenure reforms and climate change adaptations. Case studies in relation to the agri-food policy and strategy response to COVID-19 Pandemic are also covered. This book is of interest to public officials working in agricultural planning and agricultural policy, teachers, researchers, agro-economists, capacity builders and policymakers. Also the book serves as additional reading material for undergraduate and graduate students of agriculture, development studies, and environmental sciences. National and international agricultural scientists, policy makers will also find this to be a useful read.

Agricultural extension Global status and performance in selected countries

Agricultural extension  Global status and performance in selected countries Book
Author : Davis, Kristin E., ed.,Babu, Suresh Chandra, ed.,Ragasa, Catherine, ed.
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2020-09-02
ISBN : 0896293750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural transformation and development are critical to the livelihoods of more than a billion small-scale farmers and other rural people in developing countries. Extension and advisory services play an important role in such transformation and can assist farmers with advice and information, brokering and facilitating innovations and relationships, and dealing with risks and disasters. Agricultural Extension: Global Status and Performance in Selected Countries provides a global overview of agricultural extension and advisory services, assesses and compares extension systems at the national and regional levels, examines the performance of extension approaches in a selected set of country cases, and shares lessons and policy insights. Drawing on both primary and secondary data, the book contributes to the literature on extension by applying a common and comprehensive framework — the “best-fit” approach — to assessments of extension systems, which allows for comparison across cases and geographies. Insights from the research support reforms — in governance, capacity, management, and advisory methods — to improve outcomes, enhance financial sustainability, and achieve greater scale. Agricultural Extension should be a valuable resource for policymakers, extension practitioners, and others concerned with agricultural development.

Agricultural transformation in Asia

Agricultural transformation in Asia Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2021-06-11
ISBN : 9251344981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past few decades, some countries in Asia have been more successful than others in addressing poverty and malnutrition. The key question is what policies, strategies, legislation and institutional arrangements have led to a transformed agricultural sector, effectively contributing to poverty alleviation and addressing malnutrition. The great majority of national policymakers within and outside the Asia-Pacific region are keen to understand the causes of agricultural development and transformation in successful countries in Asia. A large number of studies have been conducted and some of them link specific public policies and interventions to successful agricultural transformation. However, there seems to be lack of focus on the policy, legislative and institutional environments that have enabled or impeded agricultural transformation in Asia. National policymakers are likely to benefit significantly from adequate and convincing information on successful and relevant experiences in successful transformation. Countries are interested in what their neighbours and peers have done, and why some have achieved impressive results. The main purpose of this study is to take stock of public sector experiences in facilitating and enabling agricultural transformation in selected countries in Asia. The study focuses on key public sector interventions, in particular policies, legislation and institutional innovations, because these areas have so far not been adequately researched.

An evolving paradigm of agricultural mechanization development How much can Africa learn from Asia

An evolving paradigm of agricultural mechanization development  How much can Africa learn from Asia  Book
Author : Diao, Xinshen, ed.,Takeshima, Hiroyuki. ed.,Zhang, Xiaobo, ed.
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2020-12-07
ISBN : 0896293807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural mechanization in Africa south of the Sahara — especially for small farms and businesses — requires a new paradigm to meet the needs of the continent’s evolving farming systems. Can Asia, with its recent success in adopting mechanization, offer a model for Africa? An Evolving Paradigm of Agricultural Mechanization Development analyzes the experiences of eight Asian and five African countries. The authors explore crucial government roles in boosting and supporting mechanization, from import policies to promotion policies to public good policies. Potential approaches presented to facilitating mechanization in Africa include prioritizing market-led hiring services, eliminating distortions, and developing appropriate technologies for the African context. The role of agricultural mechanization within overall agricultural and rural transformation strategies in Africa is also discussed. The book’s recommendations and insights should be useful to national policymakers and the development community, who can adapt this knowledge to local contexts and use it as a foundation for further research.

New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture

New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture Book
Author : Peter B. R. Hazell,Atiqur Rahman
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0199689342
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Arising from an International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) project this book explores the most promising innovations in technology, institutional, and policy approaches for creating additional and better farm business opportunities for smallholder farmers.

Transforming the Rural Asian Economy

Transforming the Rural Asian Economy Book
Author : Mark W. Rosegrant,P. B. R. Hazell
Publisher : Asian Development Bank
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780195924480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past three decades the Asian rural economy has experienced a dramatic transformation. In most Asian countries, the speed and level of agricultural, rural and overall economic development have far exceeded expectations. Despite such remarkable success, Asia continues to face major challenges. This book describes this 'quiet revolution' with an emphasis on public policies and strategies and their impact on agricultural and economic growth, poverty, and the environment.

Land Reforms in South East Asia

Land Reforms in South East Asia Book
Author : Zahir Ahmed
Publisher : New Delhi : Orient Longman
Release : 1975
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Land Reforms in South East Asia book written by Zahir Ahmed, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

A bottom up approach for a private fisheries extension system A framework and action plan for an aqua chamber of commerce in India

A bottom up approach for a private fisheries extension system  A framework and action plan for an aqua chamber of commerce in India Book
Author : Ojha, Shekhar Nath,Dey, Suman,Babu, Suresh Chandra
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2022-12-04
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aquaculture and fisheries continues to be a sector that has not received adequate attention for its contribution to food security goals across the globe. This sector is predicted to grow at a fast rate in the next 40 years. In the Indian context, the government has prioritized the aquaculture and fisheries sector by establishing an independent federal ministry. However, the public extension system in India still lacks resources and strategies to address the needs of fish farmers and fishers. This has created a space for the private extension system to play a pivotal role in providing appropriate skills and training to farmers and fishers. Considering the present challenges in the aquaculture and fisheries sector, this paper proposes the creation of an Aqua-Chamber of Commerce (ACC) as a viable bottom-up approach to improve the performance of the sector by providing adequate support to private extension system. Additionaly, the ACC will also help in improving the public extension system, facilitating the business ecosystem and strategies, and advocating for major policy reforms in the sector.

Agricultural Extension

Agricultural Extension Book
Author : R. Saravanan
Publisher : New India Publishing
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9788189422967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural extension is in a great transition worldwide. The demand for public extension reform is greater than ever before. The agriculture knowledge infrastructure is evolving in a big way with the emergence of pluralistic extension actors and innovations to cater the needs of the farmeThis book is an attempt to document the past experiences and recent developments in the agriculture knowledge information systems. The compilation of 14 country s such as; Afghanistan, Benin, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, India, Iran, Mozambique, Nepal, Peru, Philippines, Trinidad and Tobago and Zimbabwe is intended to document the experience of extension systems. The fourteen country s highlight the worldwide agricultural extension reform measures (Decentralization, Privatization, Demand driven and Cost-recovery approaches), Institutional Pluralism (Public, Private, and NGOs) and Innovations (Farmer to Farmer extension, Participatory and Self-Help Group (SHG) approaches and ICT initiatives). The agricultural extension students, academicians, scientist, practitioners, administrators, and policy makers will find this compilation of extension experiences from the fourteen countries relevant for designing future reforms, advancing pluralistic extension system and also to integrating innovations in their extension approaches.

Climate Change Adaptation and Gender

Climate Change  Adaptation and Gender Book
Author : Mamta Mehar,Narayan Prasad
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2022-10-26
ISBN : 1789249899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a wide, in-depth study of the gender-climate change-agriculture nexus. The crux of understanding these connections comprises gender equality and tools to measure gender discrimination, the evolution of the concept of gender inclusiveness and its concerns; and the need to address the same by formulating gender-inclusive policymaking. Despite the fact that more than 50 years have elapsed since gender concerns were included in explorations of this nexus, there is still ambiguity around the foundations, connections, and approaches for planning gender-inclusive climate policies. It will be of wide interest to students, scholars, and researchers in gender studies, agriculture, climate change and rural development research, and also to practitioners, extension workers, and planners designing new climate-resilient practices.

Vietnam s Post 1975 Agrarian Reforms

Vietnam   s Post 1975 Agrarian Reforms Book
Author : Trung Dang
Publisher : ANU Press
Release : 2018-04-17
ISBN : 1760461962
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book investigates why collectivised farming failed in south Vietnam after 1975. Despite the strong will of the new regime to implement collectivisation, the effort was uneven, misapplied and subverted. After only 10 years of trying, the regime annulled the policy. Focusing on two case studies—Quảng Nam province in the Central Coast region and An Giang province in the Mekong Delta—and based on extensive evidence, this study argues that the reasons for variations in implementation and the failure and reversal of the policy were twofold: regional differences and local politics.

Indian Agriculture Towards 2030

Indian Agriculture Towards 2030 Book
Author : Ramesh Chand
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-12-04
ISBN : 9811907633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Indian Agriculture Towards 2030 book written by Ramesh Chand, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Global Food Insecurity

Global Food Insecurity Book
Author : Mohamed Behnassi,Sidney Draggan,Sanni Yaya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-03-29
ISBN : 9400708904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human-kind and ecological systems are currently facing one of the toughest challenges: how to feed more billions of people in the future within the perspective of climate change, energy shortages, economic crises and growing competition for the use of renewable and non renewable resources. This challenge is even more crucial given that we have not yet come close to achieving the Millennium Development Goal of halving the number of people living in extreme poverty and hunger. Scientists and relevant stakeholders are now voicing a clear message: that multiple challenges the world is facing require innovative, multifaceted, science-based, technological, economic and political approaches in theoretical thinking, decision making and action. With this background central to survival and well-being, the purpose of this volume is to formulate and promote relevant theoretical analysis and policy recommendations. The major perspective of this publication is that paradigm and policy shifts at all levels are needed urgently. This is based on the evidence that agriculture in the 21st century will be undergoing significant demands, arising largely from the need to increase the global food enterprise, while adjusting and contributing to climate change adaptation and mitigation. Global Food Insecurity aims at providing structure to effect achievement of this critically needed roadmap.

The impact of India s farm science centers Krishi Vigyan Kendras on farm households economic welfare Evidence from a national farmers survey

The impact of India   s farm science centers  Krishi Vigyan Kendras  on farm households    economic welfare  Evidence from a national farmers survey Book
Author : Kumar, Anjani,Singh, A. K.,Saroj, Sunil,Madhavan M., Misha,Joshi, Pramod Kumar
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2022-12-04
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The paper examines the impact of access to India’s farm science centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras, or KVKs) on agricultural households’ welfare using household-level data from the nationally representative Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households conducted by India’s National Sample Survey Office in 2013. Employing different matching techniques and endogenous switching regression models, we find that the KVKs have a positive and statistically significant impact on agricultural households’ economic welfare, although that impact is heterogeneous. Further, the investments made in expansion of India’s network of KVKs have been quite remunerative, as the benefit-to-cost ratio of expenditure on KVKs ranges from 8 to 12. Moreover, our findings suggest that expanding rural formal credit markets and promoting literacy can maximize the potential impact of KVKs on agricultural households’ economic welfare.