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Agri Waste And Microbes For Production Of Sustainable Nanomaterials

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Agri Waste and Microbes for Production of Sustainable Nanomaterials

Agri Waste and Microbes for Production of Sustainable Nanomaterials Book
Author : Kamel Ahmed Abd-Elsalam,Rajiv Periakaruppan,S. Rajeshkumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-01
ISBN : 0128235764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agri-Waste and Microbes for Production of Sustainable Nanomaterials assesses the most recent trends used to produce bionanomaterials from agricultural waste and microorganisms. The book covers the green synthesis of various nanomaterials using microorganisms and agricultural waste, including the synthesis and characterization of green nanomaterials, the production of nanomaterials from agri-waste, including metallic, copper, silica, cellulose, nanopolymers and nano/micro plastics, and biological methods such as agricultural and microbial synthesis of metallic/metal oxide, magnetic, silver, copper, nanomaterials and nanonutrients. This is an important reference source for plant scientists, materials scientists and environmental scientists who want to understand this new generation of sustainable nanomaterials. The synthesis of nanocellulose materials from agri-wastes is an emerging alternative for waste treatment methods, developing new biosensors and antimicrobial agents. Silicon nanoparticles are an additional ingredient for the improvement of crop yields. With recent advances in nanomaterials synthesis performance and the discovery of their biomedical, environmental and agricultural applications, it is hoped that the implementation of these methods will be used at large-scale for industrial applications in different sectors. Highlights recent methods to produce bionanomaterials from agricultural waste and microorganisms Explores the use of agri-waste in environmental and agricultural applications Assesses the major challenges for using agri-waste to create eco-friendly nanomaterials at large scale

Nano Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity

Nano Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity Book
Author : Javid A. Parray,Mohammad Yaseen Mir,Nowsheen Shameem
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-07-19
ISBN : 1119714869
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides detailed information about the use of nanotechnology in remediating waste and pollution in agriculture Nano-Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity explores sustainable, eco-friendly technologies for remediating wastes and contaminated areas in both water and land ecosystems. Focusing on nano-technological innovations that use microbes and microbial agents to improve the quality and pollutant discharge of contaminated sites, this comprehensive volume also discusses molecular approaches for the characterization of nanoparticles, the biosynthetic pathways of microbes, gene and protein expression studies for bio-deterioration techniques, and more. Organized into nine chapters, the book opens with a thorough overview of the functions, classification, properties, synthesis, and applications of nanoparticles. Following a discussion of the environmental and agricultural implications of nanotechnology, the authors examine the current role and future prospects of nanotechnology in managing plant diseases, improving agri-food production, and increasing agricultural productivity. Subsequent chapters cover lignin nanoparticles, various applications of nanotechnology in agriculture, and nano-based advances in plant and microbial science. Offering an up-to-date account of the role of nanotechnologies in agricultural bioremediation, this book: Explores biotechnological advances in the development of sophisticated green technologies for waste minimization and waste control Emphasizes the use of microbes for degradation and removal of various xenobiotic substances Discusses bioremediation approaches in relation to the impact of increased urbanization and industrialization on the environment Covers a variety of applications of nanotechnology in agriculture, including nano-fertilizers, nano-biosensors, nano-pesticides, and nanoparticle protection in plants Nano-Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity is a valuable resource for students in plant biotechnology and agricultural science and engineering, as well as an important reference for researchers in plant biotechnology and agricultural sciences, particularly those with interest in the use of nanomaterials for pollution remediation and sustainable development.

Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agri food and Ecosystems

Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agri food and Ecosystems Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-14
ISBN : 012821354X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agrifood and Ecosystems shows how hybrid nanomaterials (HNMs) are being used to enhance agriculture, food and environmental science. The book discusses the synthesis and characterization of HNMs before exploring agrifoods and environmental functions. It shows how novel HNMs are being used for the detection and separation of heavy metal ions, for destroying and sensing of insecticides, in managed release fertilizer and pesticide formulations, plant protection, plant promotions, purification, detection, and to control mycotoxins. Further, the book describes the use of silica-based total nanosystems, carbon nanotubes, nanocellulose-based, and polymer nanohybrids for agricultural and biological applications. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and food scientists who want to gain a greater understanding on how multifunctional nanomaterials are being used for a range of agricultural and environmental applications. Outlines the major nanomaterial types that are being used in agriculture Explains why the properties of multifunctional nanomaterials are particularly efficient for use in agriculture Assesses the major challenges of using multifunctional nanomaterials on an industrial scale

Fungi Bio prospects in Sustainable Agriculture Environment and Nano technology

Fungi Bio prospects in Sustainable Agriculture  Environment and Nano technology Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Sharma,Maulin P. Shah,Shobhika Parmar,Ajay Kumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-10
ISBN : 0128217359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fungi Bio-prospects in Sustainable Agriculture: Fungal metabolites and Nano-technology is a three-volume series that has been designed to explore the huge potential of the many diverse applications of fungi to human life. The series unveils the latest developments and scientific advances in the study of the biodiversity of fungi, extremophilic fungi, and fungal secondary metabolites and enzymes, while also presenting cutting-edge molecular tools used to study fungi. Readers will learn all about the recent progress and future potential applications of fungi in agriculture, environmental remediation, industry, food safety, medicine, and nanotechnology. Volume 3 provides a comprehensive account of fungal metabolites, including bioactive and host origin compounds, along with other biomolecules, and mycotoxins. This book includes the applications, limitations, and prospects of working with fungal secondary metabolites. The authors explore fungi in the myco-mediated synthesis of nanoparticles along with their biotechnological, industrial, and agricultural uses. This book also discusses advancements in medical mycology for the diagnosis and treatment of fungal infections. Furthermore, this book provides up-to-date and in-depth knowledge about the adoption of advanced CRISPR-Cas9 technology in fungi for gene editing Covers the secondary metabolites of fungi including bioactive compounds, mycotoxins and other biomolecules Provides insight into the fungal mediated biosynthesis of nanoparticles and its various applications in diverse fields Describes advances in diagnosis and treatment of human fungal infections Presents the latest information on applications of the CRISPR-Cas9 system in fungi

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanomaterials

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanomaterials Book
Author : Kamel Ahmed Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-15
ISBN : 9780128245088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the crucial difficulties in the development of nanomaterials is scaling up laboratory procedures to a commercial scale. Large-scale biosynthesis of nanoparticles has usually been a substantial obstacle. This book illustrates how to biologically scale up silver nanoparticle synthesis. This book covers green synthesis of silver nanomaterials, via plants, agricultural waste, fungi, and microorganisms. The book is divided into five main parts: Part 1 deals with the synthesis and characterization of chemical and green synthesis and various types of silver nanomaterials Part 2 is focused on the production of silver nanoparticles from agri-waste and plant-media and their characterization Part 3 reviews the ability of different fungal species, such as filamentous fungi, to produce silver nanoparticles Part 4 includes detailed information related to the microbial synthesis of silver NMs Part 5 is focused on biosynthesis mechanism, toxicity, fate, and the commercial production of silver nanomaterials. As examples, greener pathways and mechanisms, toxicity of silver nanoparticles in aquatic life, silver nanoparticles in natural eco-systems, and strategies for the scaling up of green-synthesized nanomaterials are discussed The synthesis of nanocellulose from agri-waste is a sustanabile alternative for waste treatment methods, for developing new biosensors, and for nanobiocides and antimicrobial agents. With the extended work in enhancing nanomaterials synthesis performance, and discovering their biomedical, environmental, and agricultural applications, it is hoped that the execution of these methods on a large scale and their industrial applications in different fields will take place in the near future. The use of agri-waste, plant sources, and microbes not only minimize the cost of nanomaterials production, but it also decreases the need for applying dangerous chemicals, encourages 'green synthesis', and is a strong step towards promoting environmental sustainability. This book is an important reference source for agricultural scientists who are looking to gain an increased understanding of how nanotechnology can enhance plant protection strategies. Assesses the impact of a large variety of silver-based nanostructures in the biomedical, environmental and agri-food sectors Discusses the major synthesis methods used for processing plant-based silver nanoparticles effectively Outlines the potential and major challenges for adopting green synthesis methods on a mass scale

Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture

Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : M. Anwar Mallick,Manoj K. Solanki,Baby Kumari,Suresh Kumar Verma
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-07-09
ISBN : 1000397815
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture presents applications of nanobiotechnology for eco-friendly agriculture practices. Implementing sustainable agriculture techniques is a crucial component in meeting projected global food demands while minimising toxic waste in the environment. Nano-technological tools – including nanoparticles, nanocapsules, nanotubes and nanomolecules – offer sustainable options to modernise agriculture systems. Written by nanotechnology experts, this book outlines how nano-formulations can improve yield without reliance on chemecial pesticides and reduce nutrient losses in fertilization. It reveals how nanotools are used for rapid disease diagnostics, in treating plant diseases and enhancing the capacity for plants to absorb nutrients. Features: Combines nanotechnology and agronomy presenting applications for improving plant performance and yields. Reveals nanotechnology-based products used for the soil and plant health management which mitigate climate change. Discusses roles of microbial endophytes, heavy metal nanoparticles and environment health, nano-nutrients, phytochemicals, green bioengineering and plant health. This book appeals to professionals working in the agriculture and food industry, as well as agricultural scientists and researchers in nanotechnology and agronomy.

Microbial Management of Plant Stresses

Microbial Management of Plant Stresses Book
Author : Ajay Kumar,Samir Droby
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-08-06
ISBN : 0323859208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Management of Plant Stresses: Current Trends, Application and Challenges explores plant microbiota including isolated microbial communities that have been used to study the functional capacities, ecological structure and dynamics of the plant-microbe interaction with focus on agricultural crops. Presenting multiple examples and evidence of the potential genetic flexibility of microbial systems to counteract the climate induced stresses associated with their host as a part of indigenous system, this book presents strategies and approaches for improvement of microbiome. As climate changes have altered the global carbon cycling and ecological dynamics, the regular and periodic occurrences of severe salinity, drought, and heat stresses across the different regimes of the agro-ecological zones have put additional constraints on agricultural ecosystem to produce efficient foods and other derived products for rapidly growing world population through low cost and sustainable technology. Furthermore chemical amendments, agricultural inputs and other innovative technologies although may have fast results with fruitful effects for enhancing crop productivity but also have other ecological drawbacks and environmental issues and offer limited use opportunities. Microbial formulations and/or microbial consortia deploying two or multiple partners have been frequently used for mitigation of various stresses, however, field success is often variable and improvement Smart, knowledge-driven selection of microorganisms is needed as well as the use of suitable delivery approaches and formulations. Microbial Management of Plant Stresses: Current Trends, Application and Challenges presents the functional potential of plant microbiota to address current challenges in crop production addressing this urgent need to bring microbial innovations into practice. Demonstrates microbial ecosystems as an indigenous system for improving plant growth, health and stress resilience Covers all the novel aspects of microbial regulatory mechanism. Key challenges associated with microbial delivery and successful establishment for plant growth promotion and stress avoidance Explores plant microbiome and the modulation of plant defense and ecological dynamics under stressed environment

Microbial Resource Technologies for Sustainable Development

Microbial Resource Technologies for Sustainable Development Book
Author : Joginder Singh,Deepansh Sharma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-02-15
ISBN : 9780323905909
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Resource Technologies for Sustainable Development describes the production and uses of microbial cells and metabolites and reviews the microbial resource technologies associated with providing sustainable solutions options in future endeavours in managing microbial resources. The book includes the recent development and scientific demonstrations of microbial technologies in the relationship between microbes and the environment focussing on its effective resource management to achieve agricultural and environmental sustainability. Topics covered in the book include recent applications and exploration of the development of Marine Microbial Technologies for marine resources, soil microbes as biopolymers for enhancing mechanical properties of soil: A sustainable approach, rhizosphere microbiome for enhancement of the cereal crops, endophytic fungal communities in crops grown under different farming systems, microbiota of termite for lignocellulose breakdown, microbial consortium technologies to produce biomethane from waste effluents, microbial technologies for sustainable food additives production, biological synthesis of the nanoparticles, fungal cellulases, and efficient biofuel and acetic acid production using waste residues with an emphasis on the commercial exploitation of such microbial technologies. The remaining chapters cover microbial interactions and utilization of the microbial resources for sustainable agricultural crop and soil improvement in the root rhizosphere. Discusses enhancement of plant production through growth-promoting microbes Considers microbial degradation and environmental management of wastes Covers microbial applications in biofuel and bioenergy production Explores plant-microbe interactions for removal of heavy metals from contaminated areas Explains about engineered microorganisms for effective bioremediation Describes potential indigenous/effective microbes for food and industrial treatment processes Presents research on microbes for sustainable agricultural practices

Nanotechnology for Food Agriculture and Environment

Nanotechnology for Food  Agriculture  and Environment Book
Author : Devarajan Thangadurai,Jeyabalan Sangeetha,Ram Prasad
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-11
ISBN : 3030319385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology progresses its concerts and suitability by improving its effectiveness, security and also reducing the impact and risk. Various chapters in this book are written by eminent scientists and prominent researchers in the field of nanotechnology across the world. This book is focused to put emerging techniques forward using nanoparticles for safe and nutritional food production, protecting crops from pests, increasing nutritional value and providing solutions for various environmental issues. The outcome of this book creates a path for wide usage of nanoparticles in food, agriculture and the environment fields. This book has clear and simple illustrations, tables and case studies to understand the content even by non-experts. This book especially deals with the nanotechnology for controlling plant pathogens, food packaging and preservation, agricultural productivity, waste water treatment and bioenergy production. Hence, this book can be adopted and used by many researchers and academicians in the fields of food, agriculture, environment and nanotechnology for catering the needs of sustainable future. The salient features of this book are • Describes nanotechnology as an interdisciplinary and emerging field in life sciences• Useful for researchers in the cutting edge life science related fields of nanoscience, nanobiology and nanotechnology• Deal with various problems in food, agriculture and environmental sector for sustainable solutions through the application of nanotechnology• Supported with illustrations in color, tables and case studies (wherever applicable), and • Contributed and well written by nanotechnology experts from across various disciplines

Nanotechnology Based Sustainable Alternatives for the Management of Plant Diseases

Nanotechnology Based Sustainable Alternatives for the Management of Plant Diseases Book
Author : Giorgio Mariano Balestra,Elena Fortunati
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-15
ISBN : 9780128233948
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology-based Sustainable Alternatives for the Management of Plant Diseases addresses the power of sustainable nanomaterials for plant and food protection. Plant protection and food safety are vital in order to reduce the economic losses caused by microorganism spoilage. The control of plant pathogens in plants and in food has been conventionally made by adding chemical preservatives and by thermal processing. There is an increasing demand being made by farmers and consumers for strategies starting with the farmer's field and ending with the supermarket shelf. Sustainable nanotechnology can be a powerful tool for providing solutions to the complex set of scientific and technological challenges necessary to improve the safety of the entire agri-food chain. Advances in materials science have led to the rapid development of nanotechnology that has great potential for improving food safety, as a powerful tool for the delivery and controlled release of natural antimicrobials, leading to an increase in plant protection and food product shelf-life. This book highlights dangers arising from bacteria, fungi, viruses, insects, seeds, plants, fruits, and food production, and summarizes new and sustainable strategies in the agricultural sector to meet these challenges. This has a particular focus on plant pathogen control and in the food packaging sector in agri-food applications. Analyses and lays out information relating to sustainable strategies, taking a nano-based approach to the management of plant diseases and biotic damage on fresh food Presents the latest discoveries and practical applications of nanotechnology-based sustainable plant protection strategies to combat dangerous micro-organisms, and improve the shelf life of food Assesses the major challenges of manufacturing nanotechnology-based pesticides on a mass scale

Green Technologies and Environmental Sustainability

Green Technologies and Environmental Sustainability Book
Author : Ritu Singh,Sanjeev Kumar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-05
ISBN : 3319506544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the present scenario, green technologies are playing significant role in changing the course of nation’s economic growth towards sustainability and providing an alternative socio-economic model that will enable present and future generations to live in a clean and healthy environment, in harmony with nature. Green technology, which is also known as clean technology, refers to the development and extension of processes, practices, and applications that improve or replace the existing technologies facilitating society to meet their own needs while substantially decreasing the impact of human on the planet, and reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities. The concepts of Green Technologies, if endorsed and pervaded into the lives of all societies, will facilitate the aim of the Millennium Development Goals of keeping the environment intact and improve it for the civilization to survive. Green Technologies and Environmental Sustainability is focused on the goals of green technologies which are becoming increasingly important for ensuring sustainability. This book provides different perspectives of green technology in sectors like energy, agriculture, waste management and economics and contains recent advancements made towards sustainable development in the field of bioenergy, nanotechnology, green chemistry, bioremediation, degraded land reclamation. This book is written for a large and broad readership, including researchers, scientists, academicians and readers from diverse backgrounds across various fields such as nanotechnology, chemistry, agriculture, environmental science, water engineering, waste management and energy. It could also serve as a reference book for graduates and post-graduate students, faculties, environmentalist and industrial personnel who are working in the area of green technologies.

Role of Plant Growth Promoting Microorganisms in Sustainable Agriculture and Nanotechnology

Role of Plant Growth Promoting Microorganisms in Sustainable Agriculture and Nanotechnology Book
Author : Ajay Kumar,Amit Kishore Singh,Krishna Kumar Choudhary
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-06-20
ISBN : 0128170050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Role of Plant Growth Promoting Microorganisms in Sustainable Agriculture and Nanotechnology explores PGPMs (actinomycetes, bacteria, fungi and cyanobacteria) and their multidimensional roles in agriculture, including their increasing applications in sustainable agriculture. In addition to their traditional understanding and applications in agriculture, PGPMs are increasingly known as a source of nano-particles production that are gaining significant interest in their ability to provide more economically, environmentally friendly and safe technologies to crop growers. The book considers new concepts and current developments in plant growth, thus promoting microorganisms research and evaluating its implications for sustainable productivity. Users will find this to be an invaluable resource for researchers in applied microbial biotechnology, soil science, nano-technology of microbial strains, and industry personnel in these areas. Presents basic and applied aspects of sustainable agriculture, including nano-technology in sustainable agriculture Identifies molecular tools/omics approaches for enhancing plant growth promoting microorganisms Discusses plant growth promoting microorganisms in bioactive compounds production, and as a source of nano-particles

Sustainable Biological Systems for Agriculture

Sustainable Biological Systems for Agriculture Book
Author : Megh R. Goyal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-05-03
ISBN : 1351676598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Biological Systems for Agriculture: Emerging Issues in Nanotechnology, Biofertilizers, Wastewater, and Farm Machines explores and introduces the use of nanotechnology, biofertilizers, and design of farm machines in agriculture. The contributions are from India, Africa and the USA; the chapters emphasize sustainable solutions for the enhancement of agriculture processes. The volume provides a wealth of information on new and emerging issues in this interdisciplinary field. The book is divided into several sections: Potential Applications of Nanotechnology in Biological Systems Emerging Issues, Challenges and Specific Examples of Nanotechnology for Sustainable Biological Systems Potential of Nano- and Bio- fertilizers in Sustainable Agriculture Emerging Focus Areas in Biological Systems Performance of Farm Machines for Sustainable Agriculture The information provided here will be valuable to government agricultural professionals, scientists, researchers, farmers, and faculty and students all over the world.

Emerging Trends of Nanotechnology in Environment and Sustainability

Emerging Trends of Nanotechnology in Environment and Sustainability Book
Author : Karthiyayini Sridharan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-04
ISBN : 3319713272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses nanotechnology, its benefits and risks affecting the environment we live in today, and is divided into three parts: Part-I dealing with Sustainability, Part-II describing Toxicological Impacts, and Part-III discussing Nanomaterial-based Adsorbents. The crucial challenge of sustainability in various environmental elements is a global problem. This draws upon various issues of nanotechnology which impact sustainability of food, clean environment, green house gases, raw materials extraction, manufacturing and automobile industry. Growth in the production of nanomaterials to suit any of these applications is commendable. However, this does not negate the growth in their toxic effects. The nanotoxicity research in areas like medicine and agriculture industry is reviewed in detail in this book. Part-II discusses the toxic nature of widely used nanomaterials. Nanomaterials are enormously used in environmental remediation due to some of their distinct properties. These properties are described and discussed. Part-III of the book highlights the highly reactive and adsorbent properties of nanomaterials that enable them to be a competent agent in water and pollutant remediation. This book is mainly intended for researchers and students to acquire fairly comprehensive understanding and appreciation of nanotechnology dominance in sustainability challenges, with the aim to give the anticipatory governance of nanomaterials in our society and environment.

Microbial Inoculants in Sustainable Agricultural Productivity

Microbial Inoculants in Sustainable Agricultural Productivity Book
Author : Dhananjaya Pratap Singh,Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Ratna Prabha
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-23
ISBN : 8132226445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The performance of crops in the soil largely depends on the physico-chemical components of the soil, which regulate the availability of nutrients as well as abiotic and biotic stresses. Microbes are the integral component of any agricultural soil, playing a vital role in regulating the bioavailability of nutrients, the tolerance to abiotic and biotic stresses and management of seed-borneand soil-borne plant diseases. The second volume of the book Microbial Inoculants in Sustainable Agricultural Productivity - Functional Applications reflects the pioneering efforts of eminent researchers to explore the functions of promising microbes as microbial inoculants, establish inoculants for field applications and promote corresponding knowledge among farming communities. In this volume, readers will find dedicated chapters on the role of microbes as biofertilizers and biopesticides in the improvement of crop plants, managing soil fertility and plant health, enhancing the efficiency of soil nutrients and establishing systemic phytopathogen resistance in plants, as well as managing various kinds of plant stress by applying microbial inoculants. The impact of microbial inoculants on the remediation of heavy metals, soil carbon sequestration, function of rhizosphere microbial communities and remediation of heavy metal contaminated agricultural soils is also covered in great detail. In this Volume, a major focus is on the approaches, strategies, advances and technologies used to develop suitable and sustainable delivery systems for microbial inoculants in field applications. Subsequent chapters investigate the role of nanomaterials in agriculture and the nanoparticle-mediated biocontrol of nematodes. An overview of the challenges facing the regulation and registration of biopesticides in India rounds out the coverage.

Plant Microbes Engineered Nano particles PM ENPs Nexus in Agro Ecosystems

Plant Microbes Engineered Nano particles  PM ENPs  Nexus in Agro Ecosystems Book
Author : Pardeep Singh,Rishikesh Singh,Pramit Verma,Rahul Bhadouria,Ajay Kumar,Mahima Kaushik
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-22
ISBN : 3030669564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a collection of cross-disciplinary research, with contributions addressing all key features of the plant/microbe/ENP nexus in agro-ecosystems. The uptake, transport and transformation of nanoparticles in plants have attracted more and more attention in the past several years. Especially, the impact of Engineered Nanoparticles (ENPs) on bioprocesses; low-, medium- and high-level dose responses in the microbial community of soil; and long-, medium- and short-term exposure responses, particularly microbial nitrogen transformations, are just a few of the aspects involved. Since ENPs are used in many industries, including cosmetics, agriculture, medicine, food technology and waste management, their transport through biogeochemical cycles is an important focus of many studies today. Specifically, ENP–microbe interaction has been analysed with regard to disease treatment for plants; it plays a vital role in disease inhibition by releasing metal ions that act through many pathways – e.g. reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, DNA transformation and disruption of the cell cycle – to stop cell growth in the pathogen. Due to these properties, ENPs are also used as slow release or delayed release pesticides and fungicides, and as carrier systems for growth-promoting hormones. Despite their multiple uses in various industries, the negative effects of ENPs are still a major concern for the scientific community and consumers alike. For example, their transport to various food chains has been reported to have adverse effects. This raises a degree of doubt concerning a rapidly growing scientific field with major applications in many industries. From a sustainable development perspective and particularly to ensure food security in light of the uncertainty accompanying climate change, it is imperative to address this divergence by focusing on the plant/microbe/ENP nexus.

Restoration of Wetland Ecosystem A Trajectory Towards a Sustainable Environment

Restoration of Wetland Ecosystem  A Trajectory Towards a Sustainable Environment Book
Author : Atul Kumar Upadhyay,Ranjan Singh,D. P. Singh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-29
ISBN : 9811376654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

​The risks and consequences of environmental change are increasing, leading to massive losses in terms of ecosystems and having a huge impact on human populations. As such, global thinkers, environmentalists, scientists and policy makers are focusing on finding solutions and ways to sustain life on Earth. Anthropogenic impacts on the climate system can only be mitigated by the restoration of existing natural resources and the sustainable development of the environment and society. This book discusses the potential of green technology in waste management, wetland restoration, presenting the latest developments in the field of bioenergy, green ecology, bioremediation and microbial management. Wetlands are one of Earth’s most important ecosystems, and they provide valuable services to human societies, such as minimizing the impacts of floods, acting as a carbon sink, and offering water purification as well as recreational opportunities. Wetlands may be natural or constructed, and the effectiveness of wetland services largely depends on the diversity of macrophytes affecting the algal production, plant biomass and nutrient status of the system. In addition, they are one of the richest microbial ecosystems on earth: the rhizosphere, soil and water interface enhances wetland services with implications ranging from phytoremediation to microbial bioprospection. However, in order to function properly, they need to be effectively redesigned, reengineered, protected and maintained. The book addresses the dynamic relation between three global concerns: environmental pollution, resource exploitation and sustainability. It describes the utilization of resources like wastes (municipal, industrial, agricultural, mine drainage, tannery, solid, and e waste), plants, algae and microbes for production of renewable biofuel, biofertilizers and other value added products to achieve the goal of sustainable development. The book also discusses the current and future trends in employing wetlands in improving water quality. In addition it presents the latest international research in the fields of wetland science, waste management, carbon sequestration and bioremediation. Highlighting a broad spectrum of topics and strategies for achieving a sustainable environment, the book offers researchers, students and academics insights into utilizing resources in a sustainable way.

Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater

Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater Book
Author : Ajay Kumar Mishra,Hossain Md Anawar,Nadjib Drouiche
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-01
ISBN : 0128146745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater: Advanced Treatment Technologies describes the state-of-the-art of remediation technologies, such as those involving nanotechnology, filtration devices (e.g. membranes), strategies involving adsorption and precipitation processes, development of new sorbents, nanosorbents, biosorbents, green technology, bio-electrokinetics, degradation of pollutants, advanced oxidative process, oxidative electrochemical and photocatalytic processes, catalytic degradation, and emerging hybrid technologies, such as photocatalyst membrane photoreactors using TiO2. Scientists and researchers in academia and industry will benefit from this comprehensive resource on the fundamental science behind the mechanisms at which wastewater sources can be purified from emerging contaminants. Provides a fundamental understanding of emerging contaminants to help readers select appropriate remediation technologies Discusses, in detail, new and advanced green technologies that remove emerging contaminants from wastewater Shows how to ensure water quality and save public health by protecting water resources from contaminants

Nanomaterials in Plants Algae and Microorganisms

Nanomaterials in Plants  Algae and Microorganisms Book
Author : Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Parvaiz Ahmad,Shivesh Sharma,Devendra Kumar Chauhan,Nawal Kishore Dubey
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-14
ISBN : 0128116455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae and Microorganisms: Concepts and Controversies: Volume 2 not only covers all the new technologies used in the synthesis of nanoparticles, it also tests their response on plants, algae and micro-organisms in aquatic ecosystems. Unlike most works in the field, the book doesn’t focus exclusively on the higher organisms. Instead, it explores the smaller life forms on which they feed. Topics include the impacts of plant development, how different nanoparticles are absorbed by biota, the impact different metals—including silver and rare earth metals—have on living organisms, and the effects nanoparticles have on aquatic ecosystems as a whole. As nanotechnology based products have become a trillion-dollar industry, there is a need to understand the implications to the health of our biota and ecosystems as the earth is increasingly inundated with these materials. Covers the issues of nanoparticles on more simple organisms and their ecosystems Draws upon global experts to help increase understanding of the interface mechanisms at the physiological, biochemical, molecular, and even genomic and proteomic level between ENPs and biological systems Provides a critical assessment of the progress taking place on this topic Sheds light on future research needs and scientific challenges that still exist in nanoparticle and living organism interactions

Microbial Nanobiotechnology

Microbial Nanobiotechnology Book
Author : Agbaje Lateef
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-20
ISBN : 9813347775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microbial Nanobiotechnology book written by Agbaje Lateef, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.