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Agri Waste And Microbes For Production Of Sustainable Nanomaterials

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Agri Waste and Microbes for Production of Sustainable Nanomaterials

Agri Waste and Microbes for Production of Sustainable Nanomaterials Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Rajiv Periakaruppan,S. Rajeshkumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-10
ISBN : 0128235764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agri-Waste and Microbes for Production of Sustainable Nanomaterials assesses the most recent trends used to produce bionanomaterials from agricultural waste and microorganisms. The book covers the green synthesis of various nanomaterials using microorganisms and agricultural waste, including the synthesis and characterization of green nanomaterials, the production of nanomaterials from agri-waste, including metallic, copper, silica, cellulose, nanopolymers and nano/micro plastics, and biological methods such as agricultural and microbial synthesis of metallic/metal oxide, magnetic, silver, copper, nanomaterials and nanonutrients. This is an important reference source for plant scientists, materials scientists and environmental scientists who want to understand this new generation of sustainable nanomaterials. The synthesis of nanocellulose materials from agri-wastes is an emerging alternative for waste treatment methods, developing new biosensors and antimicrobial agents. Silicon nanoparticles are an additional ingredient for the improvement of crop yields. With recent advances in nanomaterials synthesis performance and the discovery of their biomedical, environmental and agricultural applications, it is hoped that the implementation of these methods will be used at large-scale for industrial applications in different sectors. Highlights recent methods to produce bionanomaterials from agricultural waste and microorganisms Explores the use of agri-waste in environmental and agricultural applications Assesses the major challenges for using agri-waste to create eco-friendly nanomaterials at large scale

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanomaterials

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanomaterials Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-01
ISBN : 0128245093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanomaterials illustrates how to biologically scale up silver nanoparticle synthesis. This book covers green synthesis of silver nanomaterials, via plants, agricultural waste, fungi, and microorganisms. Sections cover the synthesis and characterization of chemical and green synthesis, various types of silver nanomaterialism, the ability of different fungal species, such as filamentous fungi, to produce silver nanoparticles, the microbial synthesis of silver NMs, biosynthesis mechanisms, toxicity, fate and commercialization. As examples, greener pathways and mechanisms, toxicity of silver nanoparticles in aquatic life and in natural eco-systems, and strategies for the scaling up of green-synthesized nanomaterials are discussed. With the extended work in enhancing nanomaterials synthesis performance, and discovering their biomedical, environmental, and agricultural applications, it is hoped that the execution of these methods on a large scale and their industrial applications in different fields will take place in the near future. Assesses the impact of a large variety of silver-based nanostructures in the biomedical, environmental and agri-food sectors Discusses the major synthesis methods used for effectively processing plant-based silver nanoparticles Outlines the potential and major challenges for adopting green synthesis methods on a mass scale

Nano Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity

Nano Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity Book
Author : Javid A. Parray,Mohammad Yaseen Mir,Nowsheen Shameem
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-07-19
ISBN : 1119714869
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides detailed information about the use of nanotechnology in remediating waste and pollution in agriculture Nano-Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity explores sustainable, eco-friendly technologies for remediating wastes and contaminated areas in both water and land ecosystems. Focusing on nano-technological innovations that use microbes and microbial agents to improve the quality and pollutant discharge of contaminated sites, this comprehensive volume also discusses molecular approaches for the characterization of nanoparticles, the biosynthetic pathways of microbes, gene and protein expression studies for bio-deterioration techniques, and more. Organized into nine chapters, the book opens with a thorough overview of the functions, classification, properties, synthesis, and applications of nanoparticles. Following a discussion of the environmental and agricultural implications of nanotechnology, the authors examine the current role and future prospects of nanotechnology in managing plant diseases, improving agri-food production, and increasing agricultural productivity. Subsequent chapters cover lignin nanoparticles, various applications of nanotechnology in agriculture, and nano-based advances in plant and microbial science. Offering an up-to-date account of the role of nanotechnologies in agricultural bioremediation, this book: Explores biotechnological advances in the development of sophisticated green technologies for waste minimization and waste control Emphasizes the use of microbes for degradation and removal of various xenobiotic substances Discusses bioremediation approaches in relation to the impact of increased urbanization and industrialization on the environment Covers a variety of applications of nanotechnology in agriculture, including nano-fertilizers, nano-biosensors, nano-pesticides, and nanoparticle protection in plants Nano-Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity is a valuable resource for students in plant biotechnology and agricultural science and engineering, as well as an important reference for researchers in plant biotechnology and agricultural sciences, particularly those with interest in the use of nanomaterials for pollution remediation and sustainable development.

Plant Microbes Engineered Nano particles PM ENPs Nexus in Agro Ecosystems

Plant Microbes Engineered Nano particles  PM ENPs  Nexus in Agro Ecosystems Book
Author : Pardeep Singh,Rishikesh Singh,Pramit Verma,Rahul Bhadouria,Ajay Kumar,Mahima Kaushik
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-22
ISBN : 3030669564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a collection of cross-disciplinary research, with contributions addressing all key features of the plant/microbe/ENP nexus in agro-ecosystems. The uptake, transport and transformation of nanoparticles in plants have attracted more and more attention in the past several years. Especially, the impact of Engineered Nanoparticles (ENPs) on bioprocesses; low-, medium- and high-level dose responses in the microbial community of soil; and long-, medium- and short-term exposure responses, particularly microbial nitrogen transformations, are just a few of the aspects involved. Since ENPs are used in many industries, including cosmetics, agriculture, medicine, food technology and waste management, their transport through biogeochemical cycles is an important focus of many studies today. Specifically, ENP–microbe interaction has been analysed with regard to disease treatment for plants; it plays a vital role in disease inhibition by releasing metal ions that act through many pathways – e.g. reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, DNA transformation and disruption of the cell cycle – to stop cell growth in the pathogen. Due to these properties, ENPs are also used as slow release or delayed release pesticides and fungicides, and as carrier systems for growth-promoting hormones. Despite their multiple uses in various industries, the negative effects of ENPs are still a major concern for the scientific community and consumers alike. For example, their transport to various food chains has been reported to have adverse effects. This raises a degree of doubt concerning a rapidly growing scientific field with major applications in many industries. From a sustainable development perspective and particularly to ensure food security in light of the uncertainty accompanying climate change, it is imperative to address this divergence by focusing on the plant/microbe/ENP nexus.

Relationship Between Microbes and the Environment for Sustainable Ecosystem Services Volume 1

Relationship Between Microbes and the Environment for Sustainable Ecosystem Services  Volume 1 Book
Author : Jastin Samuel,Ajay Kumar,Joginder Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-05-18
ISBN : 0323910564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Relationship Between Microbes and Environment for Sustainable Ecosystem Services, Volume One: Microbial Products for Sustainable Ecosystem Services promotes advances in sustainable solutions, value-added products, and fundamental research in microbes and the environment. Topics include advanced and recent discoveries in the use of microbes for sustainable development. Users will find reference information ranging from the description of various microbial applications for sustainability in different aspects of food, energy, the environment and social development. Volume One includes the direct and indirect role of bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes, viruses, mycoplasma and protozoans in the development of products contributing towards sustainable. The book provides a holistic approach to the most recent advances in the application of various microbes as a biotechnological tool for a vast range of sustainable applications, modern practices, exploring futuristic strategies to harness its full potential. Covers the latest developments, recent applications and future research avenues in microbial biotechnology for sustainable development Includes expressive tables and figures with concise information about sustainable ecosystem services Provides a wide variety of applications and modern practices of harnessing the potential of microbes in the environment

Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture

Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : M. Anwar Mallick,Manoj K. Solanki,Baby Kumari,Suresh Kumar Verma
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-07-09
ISBN : 1000397815
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture presents applications of nanobiotechnology for eco-friendly agriculture practices. Implementing sustainable agriculture techniques is a crucial component in meeting projected global food demands while minimising toxic waste in the environment. Nano-technological tools – including nanoparticles, nanocapsules, nanotubes and nanomolecules – offer sustainable options to modernise agriculture systems. Written by nanotechnology experts, this book outlines how nano-formulations can improve yield without reliance on chemecial pesticides and reduce nutrient losses in fertilization. It reveals how nanotools are used for rapid disease diagnostics, in treating plant diseases and enhancing the capacity for plants to absorb nutrients. Features: Combines nanotechnology and agronomy presenting applications for improving plant performance and yields. Reveals nanotechnology-based products used for the soil and plant health management which mitigate climate change. Discusses roles of microbial endophytes, heavy metal nanoparticles and environment health, nano-nutrients, phytochemicals, green bioengineering and plant health. This book appeals to professionals working in the agriculture and food industry, as well as agricultural scientists and researchers in nanotechnology and agronomy.

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials Book
Author : R. Praveen Kumar,B. Bharathiraja
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-05-19
ISBN : 0128224312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials: Application in Biofuels and Bioenergy Production Systems looks at how biofuels and bioenergy can be part of the "sustainable" solution to the worlds energy problems. By addressing bioenergy products compared to their fossil energy counterparts, covering research and development in biofuels applied with nanomaterials this book analyzes the future trends and how biofuels and bioenergy can contribute to its optimization. Starting from fundamentals up to synthesis, characterization and applications of nanomaterials in biofuels and bioenergy production systems, the chapters include the procedures needed for introducing nanomaterials in these specific sectors along with the benefits derived from their applications. Including the hazards and environmental effects of nanomaterials in bioenergy applications, sustainability issues and a techno-economic analysis of the topic, this book provides researchers in bioscience, energy & environment and bioengineering with an up to date look at the full life cycle assessment of nanomaterials in bioenergy. Provides a one stop solution manual for applications of nanomaterials in bioenergy and biofuels Includes biofuel applications with compatible global application case studies Addresses the demand for environmental and techno-economic analysis of nanomaterials applications

Biogenic Nano Particles and their Use in Agro ecosystems

Biogenic Nano Particles and their Use in Agro ecosystems Book
Author : Mansour Ghorbanpour,Prachi Bhargava,Ajit Varma,Devendra K. Choudhary
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-20
ISBN : 981152985X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Several nano-scale devices have emerged that are capable of analysing plant diseases, nutrient deficiencies and any other ailments that may affect food security in agro-ecosystems. It has been envisioned that smart delivery systems can be developed and utilised for better management of agricultural ecosystems. These systems could exhibit beneficial, multi-functional characteristics, which could be used to assess and also control habitat-imposed stresses to crops. Nanoparticle-mediated smart delivery systems can control the delivery of nutrients or bioactive and/or pesticide molecules in plants. It has been suggested that nano-particles in plants might help determine their nutrient status and could also be used as cures in agro-ecosystems. Further, to enhance soil and crop productivity, nanotechnology has been used to create and deliver nano fertilizers, which can be defined as nano-particles that directly help supply nutrients for plant growth and soil productivity. Nano-particles can be absorbed onto clay networks, leading to improved soil health and more efficient nutrient use by crops. Additionally, fertilizer particles can be coated with nano-particles that facilitate slow and steady release of nutrients, reducing loss of nutrients and enhancing their efficiency in agri-crops. Although the use of nanotechnology in agro-ecosystems is still in its early stages and needs to be developed further, nano-particle-mediated delivery systems are promising solutions for the successful management of agri-ecosystems. In this context, the book offers insights into nanotechnology in agro-ecosystems with reference to biogenic nanoparticles. It highlights the: • occurrence and diversity of Biogenic Nanoparticles • mechanistic approach involved in the synthesis of biogenic nanoparticles • synthesis of nanoparticles using photo-activation, and their fate in the soil ecosystem • potential applications of nanoparticles in agricultural systems • application and biogenic synthesis of gold nanoparticles and their characterization • impact of biogenic nanoparticles on biotic stress to plants • mechanistic approaches involved in the antimicrobial effects and cytotoxicity of biogenic nanoparticles • role of biogenic nanoparticles in plant diseases management • relevance of biological synthesized nanoparticles in the longevity of agricultural crops • design and synthesis of nano-biosensors for monitoring pollutants in water, soil and plant systems • applications of nanotechnology in agriculture with special refer to soil, water and plant sciences A useful resource for postgraduate and research students in the field of plant and agricultural sciences, it is also of interest to researchers working in nano and biotechnology.

Nanomaterials for Advanced Technologies

Nanomaterials for Advanced Technologies Book
Author : Jitendra Kumar Katiyar,Vinay Panwar,Neha Ahlawat
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-05-24
ISBN : 9811913846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents experimental as well as simulation methodologies for analysis and development of nanostructures for introducing the desirable effects through modifications in the basic structure of select nanomaterials. The initial chapters in this book focus on exploring the basic aspects of nanomaterials, e.g., distinguishing features, synthesis, processing, characterization, simulation and application dimensions, or nanostructures that enable novel/enhanced properties or functions. The chapters also cover the size-dependent electronic, optical, and magnetic properties of nanomaterials in exposing the specific properties essential for applications in nanophotonics, nanoplasmonics, nanosystems (e.g., biological, medical, chemical, catalytic, energy, and environmental applications), and nanodevices (e.g., electronic, photonic, magnetic, imaging, diagnostic, and sensor applications). This book is a useful resource for students, researchers, and technologists in gathering recent knowledge on novel nanostructures and their use in different application areas.

Microbial Management of Plant Stresses

Microbial Management of Plant Stresses Book
Author : Ajay Kumar,Samir Droby
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-07-31
ISBN : 0323859208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Management of Plant Stresses: Current Trends, Application and Challenges explores plant microbiota including isolated microbial communities that have been used to study the functional capacities, ecological structure and dynamics of the plant-microbe interaction with focus on agricultural crops. Presenting multiple examples and evidence of the potential genetic flexibility of microbial systems to counteract the climate induced stresses associated with their host as a part of indigenous system, this book presents strategies and approaches for improvement of microbiome. As climate changes have altered the global carbon cycling and ecological dynamics, the regular and periodic occurrences of severe salinity, drought, and heat stresses across the different regimes of the agro-ecological zones have put additional constraints on agricultural ecosystem to produce efficient foods and other derived products for rapidly growing world population through low cost and sustainable technology. Furthermore chemical amendments, agricultural inputs and other innovative technologies although may have fast results with fruitful effects for enhancing crop productivity but also have other ecological drawbacks and environmental issues and offer limited use opportunities. Microbial formulations and/or microbial consortia deploying two or multiple partners have been frequently used for mitigation of various stresses, however, field success is often variable and improvement Smart, knowledge-driven selection of microorganisms is needed as well as the use of suitable delivery approaches and formulations. Microbial Management of Plant Stresses: Current Trends, Application and Challenges presents the functional potential of plant microbiota to address current challenges in crop production addressing this urgent need to bring microbial innovations into practice. Demonstrates microbial ecosystems as an indigenous system for improving plant growth, health and stress resilience Covers all the novel aspects of microbial regulatory mechanism. Key challenges associated with microbial delivery and successful establishment for plant growth promotion and stress avoidance Explores plant microbiome and the modulation of plant defense and ecological dynamics under stressed environment

Biofertilizers

Biofertilizers Book
Author : Amitava Rakshit,Vijay Singh Meena,Manoj Parihar,H.B. Singh,A.K. Singh
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-03-24
ISBN : 0128230304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biofertilizers, Volume One: Advances in Bio-inoculants provides state-of-the-art descriptions of various approaches, techniques and basic fundamentals of BI used in crop fertilization practices. The book presents research within a relevant theoretical framework to improve our understanding of core issues as applied to natural resource management. Authored by renowned scientists actively working on bio-inoculant, biofertilizer and bio-stimulant sciences, the book addresses the scope of inexpensive and energy neutral bio-inoculant technologies and the impact regulation has on biofertilizer utilization. This book is a valuable reference for agricultural/environmental scientists in academic and corporate environments, graduate and post-graduate students, regulators and policymakers. Informs researchers on how to develop innovative products and technologies that increase crop yields and quality while decreasing agricultural carbon footprints Focuses on production, protocols and developments in the processing of bio-inoculants, bio-stimulants and bio-fertilizers Summarizes the biologically active compounds and examines current research areas

Emerging Trends in Agri nanotechnology

Emerging Trends in Agri nanotechnology Book
Author : Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Sandhya Mishra,Leonardo Fernandes Fraceto,Renata de Lima
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2018-04-27
ISBN : 1786391449
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The science of nanotechnology, the manipulation, design and engineering of devices at the atomic and molecular scale, is starting to be applied to many disciplines including aspects of agriculture and crop science. This book opens with a brief history of nanotechnology in agriculture. Applications are then examined in detail, including nanopesticides, nanosensors, nanofertilizers, and nanoherbicides. Topics covered include; the biosynthesis of nanoparticles (through microbes, plants and other biotic agents); the ecological consequences of their delivery into the environment (examining effects and toxicity on soil, soil biota, and plants); safety issues; an overview of the global market for nanotechnology products, and the regulation of nanotechnology in agriculture. The book concludes with speculations on what the future holds for the technology. The book has been written by an international group of researchers and experts from over 12 countries with experience across a wide range of issues relating to the industry. This book will be of use to a wide range of researchers and professional scientists in the agricultural sector, academia and industry, including microbiologists, chemical engineers, geneticists, plant scientists and biochemists.

Application of Nanotechnology in Food Science and Food Microbiology

Application of Nanotechnology in Food Science and Food Microbiology Book
Author : Jayanta Kumar Patra,Han-Seung Shin,Spiros Paramithiotis
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-06-25
ISBN : 2889454886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology is a fast-evolving discipline that already produces outstanding basic knowledge and industrial applications for the benefit of society. It is a new emerging and fascinating field of science, that permits advanced research in many areas. The first applications of nanotechnology mainly concerned material sciences; applications in the agriculture and food sectors are still emerging. Food science nanotechnology is an area of rising attention that unties new possibilities for the food industry. Due to the rapid population growth there is a need to produce food and beverages in a more efficient, safe and sustainable way. The application of nanotechnology in food has also gained great importance in recent years in view of its potential application to improve production of food crops, enhance nutrition, packaging and food safety overall. The new materials, products and applications are anticipated to bring lots of improvements to the food and related sectors, impacting agriculture and food production, food processing, distribution, storage, sanitation as well as the development of innovative products and sensors for effective detection of contaminants. Therefore, nanotechnology present with a large potential to provide an opportunity for the researchers of food science, food microbiology and other fields, to develop new tools for incorporation of nanoparticles into food system that could augment existing functions and add new ones. However, the number of relative publications currently available is rather small. The present Research Topic aims to provide with basic information and practical applications regarding all aspects related to the applications of nanotechnology in food science and food microbiology, namely, nanoparticle synthesis, especially through the eco-friendly perspective, potential applications in food processing, biosensor development, alternative strategies for effective pathogenic bacteria monitoring as well as the possible effects on human health and the environment.

Farming System and Sustainable Agriculture

Farming System and Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : S.S. Walia,U.S. Walia
Publisher : Scientific Publishers
Release : 2020-05-13
ISBN : 9388812921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The land holding of the farmer is decreasing day by day due to urbanisation and there is no chance for horizontal increase in agricultural land. To increase the income of the farmers, few steps for vertical increase in agricultural production have been discussed in this book. A detailed and comprehensive information regarding the historical background of farming system, farming system and its components, integrated farming system and allied enterprises, integrated farming system models in different agroclimatic zones, role of integrated farming system in agriculture and livelihood security, resource cycling and flow of energy in different farming systems, role of crop residues in agriculture, farming system of dryland agriculture, role of agroforestry in farming system, scope of organic farming in farming system have been given. A detailed information regarding the latest concepts of agronomy like conservation agriculture strategies in cropping system, sustainable agriculture, scope of hydroponics techniques in agriculture have also been discussed. In the end tools for determining production and efficiencies in cropping and farming system have also been given.

Biosurfactants for a Sustainable Future

Biosurfactants for a Sustainable Future Book
Author : Hemen Sarma,Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-27
ISBN : 1119671000
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explore the state-of-the-art in biosurfactant technology and its applications in environmental remediation, biomedicine, and biotechnology Biosurfactants for a Sustainable Future explores recent developments in biosurfactants and their use in a variety of cutting-edge applications. The book opens a window on the rapid development of microbiology by explaining how microbes and their products are used in advanced medical technology and in the sustainable remediation of emerging environmental contaminants. The book emphasizes the different techniques that are used for the production of biosurfactants from microorganisms and their characterization. Various aspects of biosurfactants, including structural characteristics, developments, production, bio-economics and their sustainable use in the environment and biomedicine, are addressed, and the book also presents metagenomic strategies to facilitate the discovery of novel biosurfactants producing microorganisms. Readers will benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to the state-of-the-art in biosurfactant technology, techniques, and applications An exploration of biosurfactant enhanced remediation of sediments contaminated with organics and inorganics A discussion of perspectives for biomedical and biotechnological applications of biosurfactants A review of the antiviral, antimicrobial, and antibiofilm potential of biosurfactants against multi-drug-resistant pathogens. An examination of biosurfactant-inspired control of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus Perfect for academic researchers and scientists working in the petrochemical industry, pharmaceutical industry, and in the agroindustry, Biosurfactants for a Sustainable Future will also earn a place in the libraries of scientists working in environmental biotechnology, environmental science, and biomedical engineering.

Waste Valorisation

Waste Valorisation Book
Author : Carol Sze Ki Lin,Guneet Kaur,Chong Li,Xiaofeng Yang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-12-14
ISBN : 1119502705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide to the wide-variety of waste valorisation techniques related to various biomass, waste materials and by products Waste Valorisation provides a comprehensive review of waste chemistry and its application to the generation of value-added products. The authors – noted experts on the topic – offer a clear understanding of waste diversity, drivers and policies governing its valorisation based on the location. The book provides information on the principles behind various valorisation schemes and offers a description of general treatment options with their evaluation guidelines in terms of cost, energy consumption and waste generation. Each of the book's chapters contain an introduction which summarises the current production and processing methods, yields, energy sources and other pertinent information for each specific type of waste. The authors focus on the most relevant novel technologies for value-added processing of waste streams or industrial by-products which can readily be integrated into current waste management systems. They also provide the pertinent technical, economic, social and environmental evaluations of bioconversions as future sustainable technologies in a biorefinery. This important book: Presents the most current technologies which integrate waste and/or by-product valorisation Includes discussions on end-product purity and life-cycle assessment challenges Explores relevant novel technologies for value-added processing of waste streams or industrial by-products which can be integrated into current waste management systems Offers a guide to waste reuse, a key sustainability goal for existing biorefineries wishing to reduce material and environmental costs Written for academic researchers and industrial scientists working in agricultural and food production, bioconversions and waste management professionals, Waste Valorisation is an authoritative guide to the chemistry and applications of waste materials and provides an overview of the most recent developments in the field.

Frontiers in Soil and Environmental Microbiology

Frontiers in Soil and Environmental Microbiology Book
Author : Suraja Kumar Nayak,Bibhuti Bhusan Mishra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-03-03
ISBN : 0429941048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil harbours a wide range of microorganisms with biotic potentials which can be explored for social benefits. The book Frontiers in Soil and Environmental Microbiology comprises an overview of the complex inter-relationship between beneficial soil microbes and crop plants, and highlights the potential for utilisation to enhance crop productivity, bioremediation and soil health. The book focusses on important areas of research such as biocide production, pesticide degradation and detoxification, microbial decay processes, remediation of soils contaminated with toxic metals, industrial wastes, and hydrocarbon pollutants. Features Presents the state of the art of microbial research in environmental and soil microbiology Discusses an integrated and systematic compilation of microbes in the soil environment and its role in agriculture and plant growth and productivity Elucidates microbial application in environmental remediation Explores advanced genomics topics for uncultivable microbes of soil

Advances in Nano Fertilizers and Nano Pesticides in Agriculture

Advances in Nano Fertilizers and Nano Pesticides in Agriculture Book
Author : Sudisha Jogaiah,Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Leonardo Fernandes,Renata De Lima
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-12-01
ISBN : 0128200928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Nano-Fertilizers and Nano-Pesticides in Agriculture explores the use of nanotechnology as it provides new approaches for the controlled delivery of pesticides, herbicides and fertilisers to improve safety of products with increasing the efficiency of food production and decreased environmental pollution. The development of nanodevices such as smart delivery systems to target specific sites, as well as nanocarriers for chemical controlled release are currently important aspects in novel agriculture and require a strong foundation of understanding not only the technology but the resulting impacts. Fills key knowledge- gaps of bio-nanotechnology, how they interact with plant cells and their biological consequences Focused on the agro-nanotechnology which can be utilized for developing healthy seeds Explores the possibilities of macronutrient nano-based fertilizers

Fungal Nanotechnology

Fungal Nanotechnology Book
Author : Ram Prasad
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-25
ISBN : 3319684248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fungal nanotechnology has great prospects for developing new products with industrial, agricultural, medicinal, and consumer applications in a wide range of sectors. The fields of chemical engineering, agri-food, biochemistry, pharmaceuticals, diagnostics, and medical device development all employ fungal products, with fungal nanomaterials currently used in applications ranging from drug development to the food industry and agricultural biotechnology. Fungal agents are an environmentally friendly, clean, non‐toxic agent for the synthesis of metal nanoparticles and employ both intracellular and extracellular methods. The simplicity of scaling up and downstream processing and the presence of fungal mycelia which afford an increased surface area provide key advantages. In addition, the large spectrum of synthesized nanoparticle morphologies and the substantially faster biosynthesis rate in cell-free filtrate (due to the higher amount of proteins secreted in fungi) make this a particularly enticing route. Understanding the diversity of fungi in assorted ecosystems, as well as their interactions with other microorganisms, animals, and plants, underpins real and innovative technological developments and the applications of metal nanoparticles in many disciplines including agriculture, catalysis, and biomedical biosensors. Importantly, biogenic fungal nanoparticles show significant synergistic characteristics when combined with antibiotics and fungicides to offer substantially greater resistance to microbial growth and applications in nanomedicine ranging from topical ointments and bandages for wound healing to coated stents.

Biotechnology for Biofuels A Sustainable Green Energy Solution

Biotechnology for Biofuels  A Sustainable Green Energy Solution Book
Author : Nitish Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-05-16
ISBN : 9811537615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The depletion of petroleum-derived fuel and environmental concerns have prompted many millennials to consider biofuels as alternative fuel sources. But completely replacing petroleum-derived fuels with biofuels is currently impossible in terms of production capacity and engine compatibility. Nevertheless, the marginal replacement of diesel with biofuel could delay the depletion of petroleum resources and abate the radical climate change caused by automotive pollutants. Energy security and climate change are the two major driving forces for worldwide biofuel development, and also have the potential to stimulate the agro-industry. The development of biofuels as alternative and renewable sources of energy has become critical in national efforts towards maximum self-reliance, the cornerstone of our energy security strategy. At the same time, the production of biofuels from various types of biomass such as plants, microbes, algae and fungi is now an ecologically viable and sustainable option. This book describes the biotechnological advances in biofuel production from various sources, while also providing essential information on the genetic improvement of biofuel sources at both the conventional and genomic level. These innovations and the corresponding methodologies are explained in detail.