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Aging And Decision Making

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Aging and Decision Making

Aging and Decision Making Book
Author : Thomas M. Hess,JoNell Strough,Corinna Löckenhoff
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-02-17
ISBN : 0124171559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decisions large and small play a fundamental role in shaping life course trajectories of health and well-being: decisions draw upon an individual's capacity for self-regulation and self-control, their ability to keep long-term goals in mind, and their willingness to place appropriate value on their future well-being. Aging and Decision Making addresses the specific cognitive and affective processes that account for age-related changes in decision making, targeting interventions to compensate for vulnerabilities and leverage strengths in the aging individual. This book focuses on four dominant approaches that characterize the current state of decision-making science and aging - neuroscience, behavioral mechanisms, competence models, and applied perspectives. Underscoring that choice is a ubiquitous component of everyday functioning, Aging and Decision Making examines the implications of how we invest our limited social, temporal, psychological, financial, and physical resources, and lays essential groundwork for the design of decision supportive interventions for adaptive aging that take into account individual capacities and context variables. Divided into four dominant approaches that characterize the current state of decision-making science and aging neuroscience Explores the impact of aging on the linkages between cortical structures/functions and the behavioral indices of decision-making Examines the themes associated with behavioral approaches that attempt integrations of methods, models, and theories of general decision-making with those derived from the study of aging Details the changes in underlying competencies in later life and the two prevailing themes that have emerged—one, the general individual differences perspective, and two, a more clinical focus

Aging and Decision Making How Aging Affects Decisions Under Uncertainty

Aging and Decision Making  How Aging Affects Decisions Under Uncertainty Book
Author : Alec Sproten,Carsten Diener,Christian Fiebach,Christiane Schwieren
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Aging and Decision Making How Aging Affects Decisions Under Uncertainty book written by Alec Sproten,Carsten Diener,Christian Fiebach,Christiane Schwieren, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Decision Making The impact of aging

Decision Making  The impact of aging Book
Author : Jonas Junk
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2020-07-09
ISBN : 3346204553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Master's Thesis from the year 2019 in the subject Business economics - Miscellaneous, grade: 2.0, University of Münster, language: English, abstract: The world population gets older as life expectancy increases. The popula-tion of people over the age of 60 is expected to be over two billion in 2050 (cf. United Nations, 2017, pp. 13-14). Older adults (OA) still face decisions, which might be even more significant or complex than decisions of young-er adolescents. For example, the average age of C-suite members in Ameri-can firms is 54 (cf. Korn Ferry, 2007). On a more individual level, the pop-ulation aged 55 and higher has a significantly higher mean net worth than the younger population (cf. Bricker et al., 2017, p. 13). Especially, if one accounts for the fact that research has shown that declines in cognitive functioning are seen before the age of 50 (cf. Salthouse, 2004, p. 141), re-search on aging and decision making (DM) is of high importance. In recent years numerous papers on this topic were published. This thesis helps existing literature by creating a literature overview to summarize current findings. Because of the reasons above, this thesis concentrates on age-related differences between young and OA, but does not analyze re-search about DM in childhood. It adds to current literature by being the first work with an extensive overview of age-related changes in the respective analyzed biases with a short subsequent view on financial DM. The thesis deals with the research question, whether biases of DM literature differ between younger and OA. To answer this question, I examine differ-ences in typical DM biases. The chosen biases are the ones being investi-gated the most thoroughly in existing literature on aging and DM and wherever possible or necessary I will focus on DM in economic contexts. The remainder of this paper is organized as follows: section two gives a short overview about the foundations of DM. After examining age-related effects on processes, which underly DM, in chapter three, the fourth chapter deals with age-related differences in DM. Afterwards, I shine a light on potential implications resulting from respective age differences. Chapter six concludes.

Ethics Law and Aging Review Volume 10

Ethics  Law  and Aging Review  Volume 10 Book
Author : Marshall B. Kapp, JD, MPH, FCLM
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2004-12-06
ISBN : 9780826116390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although the topic of decision making capacity and older persons has been discussed in the literature, there still is much to be learned about it theoretically and practically. Experts continue to disagree about which standards are important for assessing decision making capacity. Questions such as: ìWhen should a capacity assessment be done on an older person and by whom?î are covered by the editors. Topics included in this volume are the application of an original framework for ethical decision making in long term care; an elder's capacity to decide to remain living alone in the community; the quest for helpful standardized instruments for evaluating decision making capacity; and end-of-life liability issues.

Psychological Perspectives on Financial Decision Making

Psychological Perspectives on Financial Decision Making Book
Author : Tomasz Zaleskiewicz,Jakub Traczyk
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-21
ISBN : 3030455009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the latest research from psychology, neuroscience, and behavioral economics evaluating how people make financial choices in real-life circumstances. The volume is divided into three sections investigating financial decision making at the level of the brain, the level of an individual decision maker, and the level of the society, concluding with a discussion of the implications for further research. Among the topics discussed: Neural and hormonal bases of financial decision making Personality, cognitive abilities, emotions, and financial decisions Aging and financial decision making Coping methods for making financial choices under uncertainty Stock market crashes and market bubbles Psychological perspectives on borrowing, paying taxes, gambling, and charitable giving Psychological Perspectives on Financial Decision Making is a useful reference for researchers both in and outside of psychology, including decision-making experts, consumer psychologists, and behavioral economists.

Older Adults Decision making and the Law

Older Adults  Decision making and the Law Book
Author : Michael A. Smyer,Klaus Warner Schaie,Marshall B. Kapp
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Older Adults Decision making and the Law book written by Michael A. Smyer,Klaus Warner Schaie,Marshall B. Kapp, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Changes in Decision Making Capacity in Older Adults

Changes in Decision Making Capacity in Older Adults Book
Author : Sara Honn Qualls,Michael A. Smyer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-02-08
ISBN : 9780470228272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part of the Wiley Series in Clinical Geropsychology, Changes in Decision-Making Capacity in Older Adults: Assessment and Intervention helps to familiarize you with the legal and social contexts for decision making in potentially impaired individuals. Editors Sara Qualls and Michael Smyer have brought together a notable team of international contributors to provide you with a unique framework of the legal, social, and psychological approaches to assessing the ability of older adults to make decisions.

Decision Making for the Aging

Decision Making for the Aging Book
Author : Charles D. Drenning
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Decision Making for the Aging book written by Charles D. Drenning, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Resident Decision making in Homes for the Aging

Resident Decision making in Homes for the Aging Book
Author : Ann Trueblood Raper
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Resident Decision making in Homes for the Aging book written by Ann Trueblood Raper, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Successful Aging

Successful Aging Book
Author : Zihui Ma
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

No matter how old you are or where you are, there is an ultimate question that everyone asks oneself---how can I live a happy, healthy, and engaged life? This ultimate question may become even bolder when someone enters his or her senior life. This study aims to approach this question from the model of senior living, which is an ideal combination of gerontology, psychology, sociology, food and nutrition, interior design, and residential life management.

Medical Decisions Estrogen and Aging

Medical Decisions  Estrogen and Aging Book
Author : Jay Schulkin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-12-20
ISBN : 9781402066863
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The decision making process that underlies ovarian hormone therapy (HT) is fallible. Thus, the decision for women to go on HT remains controversial. At a time when confusion still permeates the decision making with regard to HT, this book bridges diverse features that surround the decision making concerning HT. The book is written for both specialists and generalists in the field.

DEVELOPING A HEALTH NUMERACY SCALE TO ASSESS MEDICAL DECISION MAKING AMONG OLDER ADULTS

DEVELOPING A HEALTH NUMERACY SCALE TO ASSESS MEDICAL DECISION MAKING AMONG OLDER ADULTS Book
Author : Jiaxi Wang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physical and cognitive decline in late adulthood is considered a normative change of aging. Consequently, the ability to make sound decisions regarding medical matters becomes an important factor in older adults’ well-being. As health information is often presented numerically, the ability to work with such information (health numeracy) is extremely important for making medical decisions (e.g., choosing a Medicare plan). While general numeracy has gained attention from aging and decision making researchers, the construct of health numeracy and its relationships with general numeracy and medical decision making were rarely studied. In Study 1, a measurement of health numeracy was developed and validated through an online sample (N = 262). Then the scale was refined through a Rasch analysis. In Study 2, the newly developed Health Numeracy Scale was cross validated in a community sample (N = 108). Regression analyses indicated that health numeracy was a more suitable predictor over general numeracy in predicting medical decision making in older adults. Implication and future directions of the findings were discussed.

Decision Making of the Elderly in Acute Care Settings

Decision Making of the Elderly in Acute Care Settings Book
Author : Ruth Anne Goode,Gerontological Society
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981*
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Decision Making of the Elderly in Acute Care Settings book written by Ruth Anne Goode,Gerontological Society, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nothing about Us Without Us

Nothing about Us Without Us Book
Author : HelpAge International,Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9781872590073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nothing about Us Without Us book written by HelpAge International,Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Role of Learning in Age related Differences in Decision Making Under Uncertainty

The Role of Learning in Age related Differences in Decision Making Under Uncertainty Book
Author : Kendra L. Seaman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The global population is growing older. In addition to this demographic change, individuals are increasingly being asked to take personal responsibility for their own economic welfare. The confluence of these trends can have profound economic consequences that underscore the importance of understanding decision making in older adults. While the study of decision making and aging has grown in recent years, there have been two important limitations in this work to date. First, researchers often assume that when people make decisions, they calculate the expected value of each option by multiplying the value of each by the probability that it will occur. This overlooks the possibility that people may focus more on value or probability when making decisions. Second, despite the fact that age differences in decision-making have been linked to learning deficits, interpretations in the literature often ignore the influence these deficits have on decisions. To address these limitations, this dissertation focused on the ability of older adults to learn probabilistic relationships, and how this learning influences decision-making behavior. The first study examined learning of stable, or consistent, probabilistic relationships in healthy and young adults. The study revealed age differences in learning, suggesting that young and older adults may use different cognitive systems when learning stable probabilistic relationships. The second study built upon the first by examining age differences in learning both stable and volatile, or unstable, probabilistic relationships. This study revealed that individual differences in learning predict decision-making performance. Specifically, learning stable relationships predicted performance on a stable decision making task while learning volatile relationships predicted performance on a volatile decision making task. Importantly, the converse relationships were not significant, revealing a dissociation between learning of stable and volatile relationships. Collectively, these results support the hypothesis that age-related deficits in learning underlie age differences in decision making and highlight the need to further characterize how learning and decision making interact with the aging process.

Financial Decision Making and Retirement Security in an Aging World

Financial Decision Making and Retirement Security in an Aging World Book
Author : Olivia S. Mitchell,P. Brett Hammond,Stephen P. Utkus
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-09-29
ISBN : 0192537857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the world's population lives longer, it will become increasingly important for plan sponsors, retirement advisors, regulators, and financial firms to focus closely on how older persons fare in the face of rising difficulties with cognition and financial management. This book offers state-of-the-art research and recommendations on how to evaluate when older persons need financial advice, help them make better financial decisions, and to identify policy options for handling these individual and social challenges efficiently and fairly. This latest volume in the Pension Research Council series, draws lessons from theory and practice, and will be of interest to employees and retirees, consumers and researchers, and financial institutions working to design better retirement plan offerings.

Dopamine Decision making and Aging

Dopamine  Decision making  and Aging Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 9789178315512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dopamine Decision making and Aging book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Dopaminergic serotonergic Contributions to Aging Decision Making

Dopaminergic serotonergic Contributions to Aging Decision Making Book
Author : 謝宛倫
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dopaminergic serotonergic Contributions to Aging Decision Making book written by 謝宛倫, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Financial Decision Making and Retirement

Financial Decision Making and Retirement Book
Author : Olivia S. Mitchell,P. Brett Hammond,Stephen P. Utkus
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-10-05
ISBN : 0198808038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the world's population lives longer, it will become increasingly important for plan sponsors, retirement advisors, regulators, and financial firms to focus closely on how older persons fare in the face of rising difficulties with cognition and financial management. This book offers state-of-the-art research and recommendations on how to evaluate when older persons need financial advice, help them make better financial decisions, and to identify policy options for handling these individual and social challenges efficiently and fairly. This latest volume in the Pension Research Council series, draws lessons from theory and practice, and will be of interest to employees and retirees, consumers and researchers, and financial institutions working to design better retirement plan offerings.