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African Palaeoenvironments And Geomorphic Landscape Evolution

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African Palaeoenvironments and Geomorphic Landscape Evolution

African Palaeoenvironments and Geomorphic Landscape Evolution Book
Author : Jörgen Runge
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-11-01
ISBN : 0203845277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 30st jubilee volume (2010) of "Palaeoecology of Africa" looks back and reflects the "state of the art" of what is actually known on former African climates and ecosystems in the format of review articles authored by specialists in the field. New research articles on climate and ecosystem dynamics as well as applied topics on geomorphic ha

Landscape Evolution Neotectonics and Quaternary Environmental Change in Southern Cameroon

Landscape Evolution  Neotectonics and Quaternary Environmental Change in Southern Cameroon Book
Author : Jürgen Runge
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-05-30
ISBN : 0415677351
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Founded in 1966, the internationally recognized and acclaimed Series ‘Palaeoecology of Africa’ publishes interdisciplinary scientific papers on landscape evolution and on former environments of the African continent. Beginning with topics such as changes in climate and vegetation cover, the papers expand horizons and interconnections to various types of environmental dynamics from the Cainozoic up to the present; moreover, the aspect of human influence since the Late Quaternary is related to many of the areas studied. Volume 31 presents four comprehensive papers on long- and short-term processes of landscape evolution (geological history, neotectonics and proxy Quaternary alluvia), as well as a recent regional perspective on environmental problems in Southern Cameroon. The book acts as a showcase for successful North-South cooperation and capacity building for empowering African Universities. It is problem oriented and applied, and illustrates how scientific and interdisciplinary cooperation can work. In the framework of the German Research Foundation’s (DFG, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) funded "Rain Forest Savanna Contact" project (2003-2009) two abbreviated English versions of PhD theses are here published, one by J. Eisenberg on neotectonics and the other by M. Sangen on river sediments in rain forest-savanna transitional zones. Complementary articles are an introduction on geological history, by B. Kankeu et al. and a paper on environmental risks by M. Tchindjang et al., together these complete the results of this joint German-Cameroonian research project. This book will be of interest to all concerned with ecosystems dynamics, tropical forests, savannas and related development problems of Third World countries, especially regional planners, ecologists, botanists, earth scientists and students of the Quaternary (e.g. LGM and Holocene ecosystem dynamics, Global Change). It will be valuable for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates as a reference for new research articles on the topic of long‐term geologic‐tectonic and Quaternary landscape evolution in an up‐to‐now not well explored marginal area of the Western Congo basin.

New Studies on Former and Recent Landscape Changes in Africa

New Studies on Former and Recent Landscape Changes in Africa Book
Author : Jörgen Runge
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-11-15
ISBN : 1315815052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 32 (2013) of the internationally recognized and acclaimed yearbook seriesPalaeoecology of Africa publishes 9 new interdisciplinary scientific papers on former and recent landscape evolution and on past environments of the African continent (e.g. climate change, vegetation dynamics and growing impact of humans on ecosystems). These papers

The African Neogene Climate Environments and People

The African Neogene   Climate  Environments and People Book
Author : Jürgen Runge
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-10-12
ISBN : 1351666398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the Neogene – covering the last 23 Million years – the evolution of the environmental setting in Africa was subject to considerable changes. Natural shifts, slow and rapid, evidenced by modifications in palaeogeography, geodynamics, climate, and vegetation have caused repeated and strong changes of ecosystems in the lower latitudes. Using a variety of proxy data – researched and applied by many authors from numerous disciplines – an attempt is made to reconstruct African landscapes over space and time. Besides such spatio-temporal oscillations in recently humid, semi-humid, and dry areas of Africa, this volume of Palaeoecology of Africa (PoA) focuses on long term interrelationships between ecosystem dynamics and climate change, not ignoring the ever growing and ongoing influence of humans on natural ecosystems since the Quaternary. Regionally, this volume lays a strong focus on Nigeria (Niger Delta). Facing the omnipresent challenges of Global Change, an increasing number of African scientists is involved in palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic research, both theoretical and applied. PoA systematically supports established as well as junior African scientists in the field of sustainable cooperation and academic capacity building. This book will be of interest to all concerned with or interested in up-to-date research on Neogene to Quaternary low latitudes ecosystem changes and their respective interpretation in the framework of natural climate and vegetation change evidenced by a variety of methods that allow to read and learn from the past by following the motto, "The geologic foretime as the key to the present, and possibly to the future." Palynologists, Geologists, Geographers, Archaeologists, and Geomorphologists will find this edition equally useful for their work.

Changing Climates Ecosystems and Environments within Arid Southern Africa and Adjoining Regions

Changing Climates  Ecosystems and Environments within Arid Southern Africa and Adjoining Regions Book
Author : Jörgen Runge
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-10-30
ISBN : 1315738309
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is volume 33 of the yearbook seriesPalaeoecology of Africa presenting the outcome of atribute conference to the internationally recognized South African researcher and palynologist Professor Louis Scott. He has recently retired, but is continuing his active research career. The conference proceedings and articles published here

Quaternary Environmental Change in Southern Africa

Quaternary Environmental Change in Southern Africa Book
Author : Jasper Knight
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2016-06-23
ISBN : 1107055792
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a benchmark study of southern African landscape evolution during the Quaternary, for researchers, professionals and policymakers.

Quaternary Vegetation Dynamics

Quaternary Vegetation Dynamics Book
Author : Jürgen Runge,William D. Gosling,Anne-Marie Lézine,Louis Scott
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-11-29
ISBN : 1000431150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book celebrates the relaunch of the African Pollen Database, presents state-of-the-art of modern and ancient pollen data from sub-Saharan Africa, and promotes Open Access science. Pollen grains are powerful tools for the study of past vegetation dynamics because they preserve well within sedimentary deposits and have a huge diversity in ornamentation that allows different taxa to be determined. The reconstruction of past vegetation from the examination of ancient pollen records thus can be used to characterize the nature of past landscapes (e.g. abundance of forests vs. grasslands), provide insights into changes in biodiversity, and gain empirical evidence of vegetation response to climatic change and human activity. In this, the 35th Volume of "Palaeoecology of Africa", we bring together new data and extensive synthetic reviews to provide novel insights into the relationships between human evolution, human activity, climate change and vegetation dynamics during the Quaternary, the last 2.6 million years. Current and ongoing climate and land-use change is exerting pressure on modern vegetation formations and threatening the livelihoods and wellbeing of many peoples in Africa. In this book the focus is on the Quaternary because it is during this geological period that the modern vegetation formations developed into their current configurations against a backdrop of high magnitude global climate change (glacial-interglacial cycles), human evolution, and a growing human land-use footprint. In this book the latest information is presented and collated from around the African continent to parameterize past vegetation states, identify the drivers of vegetation change, and assess the vegetation resilience to change. To achieve this research from two broad themes are covered: (i) the present is the key to the past (i.e. studies which improve our understanding of modern environments so that we can better interpret evidence from the past), and (ii) the past is the key to the future (i.e. studies which unlock information on how and why vegetation changed in the past so one can better anticipate trajectories of future change). This Open Access book will provide a strong foundation for future research exploring past ecological, environmental and climatic change within Africa and the surrounding islands. The book is organized regionally (covering western, eastern, central, and southern Africa) and it contains specialized articles focused on particular topics (such as modern pollen-vegetation relationships and fire as a driver of vegetation change), as well as regional and pan-African syntheses drawing together decades of research to assess key scientific questions (including the role of climate in driving vegetation change and the role of vegetation change in human evolution). These articles will be useful to students and teachers from high school to the highest level of university who are interested in the origins and dynamics of vegetation in Africa. Furthermore, it is also meant to provide societally relevant information that can act as an inspiration for the development of sustainable management practices for the future.

Geo trekking in Ethiopia s Tropical Mountains

Geo trekking in Ethiopia   s Tropical Mountains Book
Author : Jan Nyssen,Miro Jacob,Amaury Frankl
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-09
ISBN : 3030049558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is based on over 150 scientific papers about the Dogu’a Tembien district in Ethiopia. To reach a broader public of people interested in geosites and human-environment interactions, the authors here add a geoguide about this mountain district in Ethiopia(13°30’ N, 39°10’ E; upto 2850 m high) which shows a varied lithology. A large team has carried out research in that district over the past 23 years, including long stays in the areas. Numerous viewpoints and geosites are only accessible on foot; hence the authors prepared the book as a trekking guide, which will enhance sustainable tourism in the same time. This edited work summarises the study results in the international literature into a comprehensive book, which comprises 35 thematic chapters, detailed description of 573 km of trekking routes to access the landscape and the most scenic excursion points, as well as the necessary logistical information. A state-of-the-art trekking map is included as a digital annex.

Landscape Evolution Neotectonics and Quaternary Environmental Change in Southern Cameroon

Landscape Evolution  Neotectonics and Quaternary Environmental Change in Southern Cameroon Book
Author : Jörgen Runge
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-05-30
ISBN : 0203120205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Founded in 1966, the internationally recognized and acclaimed SeriesPalaeoecology of Africa publishes interdisciplinary scientific papers on landscape evolution and on former environments of the African continent. Beginning with topics such as changes in climate and vegetation cover, the papers expand horizons and interconnections to various typ

Dynamics of Forest Ecosystems in Central Africa During the Holocene Past Present Future

Dynamics of Forest Ecosystems in Central Africa During the Holocene  Past   Present   Future Book
Author : J. Runge
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-04-21
ISBN : 1482265990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book consists of scientific papers resulting from an international workshop:Environmental and Cultural Change in West- and Central Africa' organized by the German Research Foundation (DFG) in Yaounde, Cameroon, March 2006. Problems of Holocene and Late Pleistocene modifications of the rain forest savanna fringe and their possible influence o

Geomorphological Landscapes of the World

Geomorphological Landscapes of the World Book
Author : Piotr Migon
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-01-22
ISBN : 9789048130559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physical landscapes are one of the most fascinating facets of our Planet, which tell stories about the evolution of the surface of the Earth. This book provides up-to-date information about the geomorphology of the selected ‘classic’ sites from around the world and shows the variety of geomorphological landscapes as moulded by different sets of processes acting over different timescales, from millions of years to days. The volume is written by nearly fifty geomorphologists from more than twenty countries who for many years have researched some of the unique sceneries on the planet. The thirty six chapters present each continent of the world. They describe landscapes of different origin, so that the reader can learn about the complexity of processes behind the sceneries. This is a useful reference book, linking geomorphology with global initiatives focused on nature conservation.

The Geography of South Africa in a Changing World

The Geography of South Africa in a Changing World Book
Author : R. C. Fox,Roddy Fox,Kate Rowntree
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook specifically studies the geography and environment of South Africa and the Southern African region and locates them within the broader context of the global environment.

Quaternary Environmental Change in Southern Africa

Quaternary Environmental Change in Southern Africa Book
Author : Jasper Knight,Stefan W. Grab
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2016-06-23
ISBN : 1316571580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ongoing climate change necessitates advances in our understanding of the interrelationships between climate, landscape-shaping processes and human activity over long time periods, especially in areas that are already climatically stressed. This volume presents new ideas on macroscale landscape evolution; mountain, fluvial and aeolian processes; and environments in southern Africa, a key region in the story of human evolution during the last two million years. Interdisciplinary in scope, it brings together an international team of experts to synthesise the latest research and understanding of landscape-human relationships in this region. It incorporates results from the emerging fields of geoarchaeology and cultural landscapes and utilises the latest data and analytical techniques. A key reference for researchers studying hominid evolution, geoarchaeology and environmental change, it provides a benchmark study of southern African landscape evolution during the Quaternary. It will also appeal to professionals and policymakers with interests in future human-landscape evolution in southern Africa.

Palaeosurfaces

Palaeosurfaces Book
Author : M. Widdowson,M.. Widdowson
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9781897799574
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Palaeosurfaces is an area where geologists and geomorphologists can combine their expertise to provide a more holistic treatment of the processes that helped shape the face of the Earth. This volume presents a cross-disciplinary study of the evolution, reconstruction and palaeoevironmental interpretation of ancient paleosurfaces. Topics include palaeoenvironmental studies involving lateritization and bauxitization, palaeokarstification, geochemistry of rock alteration and the identification of ancient palaeosurface elements in both glaciated and tropical terrains.

Palaeoecology of Africa and the Surrounding Islands

Palaeoecology of Africa and the Surrounding Islands Book
Author : K. Heine,J. Runge
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-01-01
ISBN : 9789058093509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These papers derive from a workshop on "Quaternary Sedimentary Records in Central Africa and their Palaeoenvironmental Interpretation", held at the 15th INQUA Congress. They mainly cover the Late Quaternary to Holocene climate and environmental history of today's rainforest regions.

A Preliminary Report of the Tropical African Geomorphology and Late Quaternary Palaeoenvironments Research Project TAGELAQP 1987 88

A Preliminary Report of the Tropical African Geomorphology and Late Quaternary Palaeoenvironments Research Project  TAGELAQP  1987 88 Book
Author : Mike G. Bingham
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Preliminary Report of the Tropical African Geomorphology and Late Quaternary Palaeoenvironments Research Project TAGELAQP 1987 88 book written by Mike G. Bingham, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stratigraphy and Paleoenvironments of Late Quaternary Valley Fills on the Southern High Plains

Stratigraphy and Paleoenvironments of Late Quaternary Valley Fills on the Southern High Plains Book
Author : Steven Bozarth
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 1995-01-01
ISBN : 9780813711867
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stratigraphy and Paleoenvironments of Late Quaternary Valley Fills on the Southern High Plains book written by Steven Bozarth, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Holocene Palaeoenvironmental History of the Central Sahara

Holocene Palaeoenvironmental History of the Central Sahara Book
Author : Roland Baumhauer,Jürgen Runge
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-02-27
ISBN : 9780415482561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The environmental setting within the Central Sahara was subject to considerable changes during Late Quaternary, mainly driven by major global climate variations, although human impact increased constantly since Early Holocene. Such global events can be reconstructed with the help of reliefs, sediments and palaeosoils and their specific morphological, chemical and mineralogical properties. The project’s focus is to ascertain new and established data on climate variations and associated palaeoenvironmental changes within the Central Sahara and to systematically collate and correlate them to results obtained from the Afro-Asian dry land belt and adjacent areas. The joint analysis of Late Quaternary landscape development and present environmental conditions in the Central Sahara will result in the modelling of Late Pleistocene and Holocene palaeoenvironments, emphasising various aspects. This book will be of interest to all concerned with environmental changes in desert ecosystems in the past and at present and related development problems of Saharan countries, especially Ecologists, Botanists, Earth scientists and Climatologists. It will be valuable for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates as a reference for review and overview articles as well as a source of information for new original manuscripts on the topic of Late Pleistocene and Holocene landscape evolution in the lower latitudes of Africa. Palaeobotanists, Palynologists, Geomorphologists and Quaternarists will equally find this edition useful for their work.

Desert Geomorphology

Desert Geomorphology Book
Author : Ronald U. Cooke,Andrew Warren,Andrew S. Goudie
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1993-01-14
ISBN : 9780203020593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Including recent research findings from terrestrial satellite imagery, the study of planetary landscapes, and advances in laboratory work, this also covers the environmental processes involved in desertification and the solution of planning and

The Geography of South Africa

The Geography of South Africa Book
Author : Jasper Knight,Christian M. Rogerson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 3319949748
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited collection examines contemporary directions in geographical research on South Africa. It encompasses a cross section of selected themes of critical importance not only to the discipline of Geography in South Africa, but also of relevance to other areas of the Global South. All chapters are original contributions, providing a state of the art research baseline on key themes in physical, human and environmental geography, and in understanding the changing geographical landscapes of modern South Africa. These contributions set the scene for an understanding of the relationships between modern South Africa and the wider contemporary world, including issues of sustainable development and growth in the Global South.