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Atmospheric Aerosols

Atmospheric Aerosols Book
Author : Claudio Tomasi,Sandro Fuzzi,Alexander Kokhanovsky
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-20
ISBN : 3527336451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book describes the morphological, physical and chemical properties of aerosols from various natural and anthropogenic sources to help the reader better understand the direct role of aerosol particles in scattering and absorbing short- and long-wave radiation.

Aerosols and climate

Aerosols and climate Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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A Plan for a Research Program on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change

A Plan for a Research Program on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Panel on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1996-04-17
ISBN : 9780309175913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book recommends the initiation of an "integrated" research program to study the role of aerosols in the predicted global climate change. Current understanding suggest that, even now, aerosols, primarily from anthropogenic sources, may be reducing the rate of warming caused by greenhouse gas emissions. In addition to specific research recommendations, this book forcefully argues for two kinds of research program integration: integration of the individual laboratory, field, and theoretical research activities and an integrated management structure that involves all of the concerned federal agencies.

Atmospheric Aerosol Properties and Climate Impacts

Atmospheric Aerosol Properties and Climate Impacts Book
Author : Mian Chin
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2009-05
ISBN : 1437912613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) critically reviews current knowledge about global distributions and properties of atmospheric aerosols, as they relate to aerosol impacts on climate. It assesses possible next steps aimed at substantially reducing uncertainties in aerosol radiative forcing estimates. Current measurement techniques and modeling approaches are summarized, providing context. The objectives of this report are: (1) to promote a consensus about the knowledge base for climate change decision support; and (2) to provide a synthesis and integration of the current knowledge of the climate-relevant impacts of anthropogenic aerosols. Illustrations.

Atmospheric Aerosols

Atmospheric Aerosols Book
Author : Olivier Boucher
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-05-18
ISBN : 9401796491
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook aims to be a one stop shop for those interested in aerosols and their impact on the climate system. It starts with some fundamentals on atmospheric aerosols, atmospheric radiation and cloud physics, then goes into techniques used for in-situ and remote sensing measurements of aerosols, data assimilation, and discusses aerosol-radiation interactions, aerosol-cloud interactions and the multiple impacts of aerosols on the climate system. The book aims to engage those interested in aerosols and their impacts on the climate system: graduate and PhD students, but also post-doctorate fellows who are new to the field or would like to broaden their knowledge. The book includes exercises at the end of most chapters. Atmospheric aerosols are small (microscopic) particles in suspension in the atmosphere, which play multiple roles in the climate system. They interact with the energy budget through scattering and absorption of solar and terrestrial radiation. They also serve as cloud condensation and ice nuclei with impacts on the formation, evolution and properties of clouds. Finally aerosols also interact with some biogeochemical cycles. Anthropogenic emissions of aerosols are responsible for a cooling effect that has masked part of the warming due to the increased greenhouse effect since pre-industrial time. Natural aerosols also respond to climate changes as shown by observations of past climates and modelling of the future climate.

Atmospheric Aerosol Properties and Climate Impacts

Atmospheric Aerosol Properties and Climate Impacts Book
Author : United States Climate Change Science Program
Publisher : CreateSpace
Release : 2015-02-03
ISBN : 9781507830635
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atmospheric aerosols are suspensions of solid and/or liquid particles in air. Aerosols are ubiquitous in air and are often observable as dust, smoke, and haze. Both natural and human processes contribute to aerosol concentrations. On a global basis, aerosol mass derives predominantly from natural sources, mainly sea salt and dust. However, anthropogenic (manmade) aerosols, arising primarily from a variety of combustion sources, can dominate in and downwind of highly populated and industrialized regions, and in areas of intense agricultural burning. This report critically reviews current knowledge about global distributions and properties of atmospheric aerosols, as they relate to aerosol impacts on climate. It assesses possible next steps aimed at substantially reducing uncertainties in aerosol radiative forcing estimates. Current measurement techniques and modeling approaches are summarized, providing context. As a part of the Synthesis and Assessment Product in the Climate Change Science Program, this assessment builds upon recent related assessments, including the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC AR4, 2007) and other Climate Change Science Program reports. The objectives of this report are (1) to promote a consensus about the knowledge base for climate change decision support, and (2) to provide a synthesis and integration of the current knowledge of the climate-relevant impacts of anthropogenic aerosols for policy makers, policy analysts, and general public, both within and outside the U.S. government and worldwide.

Drummond County Railway Deal

Drummond County Railway Deal Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1915
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Opportunities to Improve Representation of Clouds and Aerosols in Climate Models with Classified Observing Systems

Opportunities to Improve Representation of Clouds and Aerosols in Climate Models with Classified Observing Systems Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Opportunities to Improve the Representation of Clouds and Aerosols in Climate Models with National Collection Systems: A Workshop
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2016-08-31
ISBN : 0309443458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the most significant and uncertain aspects of climate change projections is the impact of aerosols on the climate system. Aerosols influence the climate indirectly by interacting with nearby clouds leading to small changes in cloud cover, thickness, and altitude, which significantly affect Earth's radiative balance. Advancements have been made in recent years on understanding the complex processes and atmospheric interactions involved when aerosols interact with surrounding clouds, but further progress has been hindered by limited observations. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine organized a workshop to discuss the usefulness of the classified observing systems in advancing understanding of cloud and aerosol interactions. Because these systems were not developed with weather and climate modeling as a primary mission objective, many participants said it is necessary for scientists to find creative ways to utilize the data. The data from these systems have the potential to be useful in advancing understanding of cloud and aerosol interactions. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Aerosol Effects on Climate

Aerosol Effects on Climate Book
Author : S. G. Jennings
Publisher : University of Arizona Press
Release : 1993-01-01
ISBN : 9780816513628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is now a growing awareness that, in addition to the well publicized influence of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases on the warming of the earth's atmosphere, aerosol particles may also play an important role in forcing climate change. This volume brings together previously unavailable data and interpretative analyses, derived from studies in both the U.S. and U.S.S.R., which review, update, and assess aerosol-related climatic effects.

Climatic Effects of Aerosols and Clouds

Climatic Effects of Aerosols and Clouds Book
Author : K.Ya. Kondratyev,Kirill I͡Akovlevich Kondratʹev,Kirill Âkovlevič Kondrat'ev,K. Ia Kondratev,Kirill Ja Kondratʹev
Publisher : Boom Koninklijke Uitgevers
Release : 1999-01-08
ISBN : 9781852331108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first book to provide a complete overview of aerosol physics in climate research, containing details of work carried out in the former Soviet Union that has not been fully recognised in the West.

Report of the Meeting of JSC Experts on Aerosols and Climate Geneva 27 31 October 1980

Report of the Meeting of JSC Experts on Aerosols and Climate  Geneva  27 31 October 1980  Book
Author : Meeting of JSC Experts on Aerosols and Climate
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Report of the Meeting of JSC Experts on Aerosols and Climate Geneva 27 31 October 1980 book written by Meeting of JSC Experts on Aerosols and Climate, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Aerosol Forcing of Climate

Aerosol Forcing of Climate Book
Author : R. J. Charlson,J. Heintzenberg
Publisher : John Wiley & Son Limited
Release : 1995-08-24
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global climate change as a consequence of anthropogenic changes in the chemical composition of the atmosphere poses scientific questions of a nature and interdisciplinary scope that are unprecedented. Uncertainties in the climate forecast are large and thus far have hampered the establishment of a clear world plan for preventing or mitigating against unacceptable effects. The forecast of global and regional climate changes depends upon the development of a sound understanding of the factors that change the global heat balance and thus influence the climate. Changes in heat balance due to anthropogenic or externally imposed changes in the chemical composition of the atmosphere are referred to as forcings. While the uncertainties in the global mean greenhouse-gas forcing are not negligible (??? 15%), uncertainties in forcings by changes in the atmospheric aerosol and in clouds are much larger, and in some cases even include uncertainty in the sign of the forcing. Reductionist science, with its compartmentalized disciplines, has not coped effectively with the scientific problems of aerosols and their effects, largely because of a need for simultaneous consideration of chemical processes, chemical properties, physical properties, and a wide variety of physical processes and consequences. In the case of natural aerosols and their effects on clouds, it is even necessary to include studies of microbiology and of biochemistry. This volume ? the record of intense, interdisciplinary debate between atmospheric chemists, meteorologists, physicists, and biogeochemists - considers the subset of climate forcings due to atmospheric aerosols, with particular emphasis on integrating the necessary disciplinary components. It is truly unique in its interdisciplinary approach. The information contained in the overview papers and summary reports will be of interest to policymakers and scientists alike. Goal of this Dahlem Workshop to assess the controlling factors, geographic and temporal variations of the radiative properties of atmospheric aerosols, and to examine the extent to which their forcing through direct and indirect effects counteracts greenhouse-gas forcing on regional and global climate.

Aerosol Science

Aerosol Science Book
Author : Ian Colbeck,Mihalis Lazaridis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-01-30
ISBN : 1118675355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aerosols influence many areas of our daily life. They are at the core of environmental problems such as global warming, photochemical smog and poor air quality. They can also have diverse effects on human health, where exposure occurs in both outdoor and indoor environments. However, aerosols can have beneficial effects too; the delivery of drugs to the lungs, the delivery of fuels for combustion and the production of nanomaterials all rely on aerosols. Advances in particle measurement technologies have made it possible to take advantage of rapid changes in both particle size and concentration. Likewise, aerosols can now be produced in a controlled fashion. Reviewing many technological applications together with the current scientific status of aerosol modelling and measurements, this book includes: • Satellite aerosol remote sensing • The effects of aerosols on climate change • Air pollution and health • Pharmaceutical aerosols and pulmonary drug delivery • Bioaerosols and hospital infections • Particle emissions from vehicles • The safety of emerging nanomaterials • Radioactive aerosols: tracers of atmospheric processes With the importance of this topic brought to the public’s attention after the eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull, this book provides a timely, concise and accessible overview of the many facets of aerosol science.

Atmospheric Aerosol Properties

Atmospheric Aerosol Properties Book
Author : Kirill Ya. Kondratyev,Lev S. Ivlev,Vladimir F. Krapivin,Costas A. Varostos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-08-29
ISBN : 3540376984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides the first comprehensive analysis of how aerosols form in the atmosphere through in situ processes as well as via transport from the surface (dust storms, seas spray, biogenic emissions, forest fires etc.). Such an analysis has been followed by the consideration of both observation data (various field observational experiments) and numerical modeling results to assess climate impacts of aerosols bearing in mind that these impacts are the most significant uncertainty in studying natural and anthropogenic causes of climate change.

State of the Science Fact Sheet

State of the Science Fact Sheet Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This document represents the state of the science as described by NOAA researchers. NOAA’s Aerosol-Climate activities include targeted research to understand the processes that control atmospheric aerosol distribution and properties, monitoring to assess how aerosols are changing over time, and modeling to quantify how aerosols affect climate"--Page [1].

Impact of Sulphate Aerosols on Regional Climate

Impact of Sulphate Aerosols on Regional Climate Book
Author : Tahira Munir
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2012-02
ISBN : 9783847375531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change has become a global concern and emerging threat to earth's climate and there is now overwhelming scientific consensus that it is happening, and human-induced. Factors that are contributing to climate change; among them aerosols have not yet revealed all of their clear climate-influencing roles and still uncertainties exist.Both natural and human processes contribute to aerosol concentrations but Anthropogenic activities such as transportation, industry, agriculture, burning of gasoline, other fossil fuels and urban land use is the main source of atmospheric aerosols which are tiny particles suspended in the air.They not only poses serious problems to human health, but also has an effect on weather and climate Change.There are different types of aerosols with varying properties like Sulphate aerosols are capable of modifying the climate not only by reflecting incoming sunlight back to the space (direct effect) but also by indirectly altering the properties of clouds (indirect effect). Main focus of research work based in this book is to bring complex and interconnected role of greenhouse gases and sulphate aerosols on climate change of South Asia focusing Pakistan.

Aerosol Cloud Interactions from Urban Regional to Global Scales

Aerosol Cloud Interactions from Urban  Regional  to Global Scales Book
Author : Yuan Wang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-05-05
ISBN : 3662471752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The studies in this dissertation aim at advancing our scientific understandings about physical processes involved in the aerosol-cloud-precipitation interaction and quantitatively assessing the impacts of aerosols on the cloud systems with diverse scales over the globe on the basis of the observational data analysis and various modeling studies. As recognized in the Fifth Assessment Report by the Inter-government Panel on Climate Change, the magnitude of radiative forcing by atmospheric aerosols is highly uncertain, representing the largest uncertainty in projections of future climate by anthropogenic activities. By using a newly implemented cloud microphysical scheme in the cloud-resolving model, the thesis assesses aerosol-cloud interaction for distinct weather systems, ranging from individual cumulus to mesoscale convective systems. This thesis also introduces a novel hierarchical modeling approach that solves a long outstanding mismatch between simulations by regional weather models and global climate models in the climate modeling community. More importantly, the thesis provides key scientific solutions to several challenging questions in climate science, including the global impacts of the Asian pollution. As scientists wrestle with the complexities of climate change in response to varied anthropogenic forcing, perhaps no problem is more challenging than the understanding of the impacts of atmospheric aerosols from air pollution on clouds and the global circulation.

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Book
Author : John H. Seinfeld,Spyros N. Pandis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-03-30
ISBN : 111922117X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expanded and updated with new findings and new features New chapter on Global Climate providing a self-contained treatment of climate forcing, feedbacks, and climate sensitivity New chapter on Atmospheric Organic Aerosols and new treatment of the statistical method of Positive Matrix Factorization Updated treatments of physical meteorology, atmospheric nucleation, aerosol-cloud relationships, chemistry of biogenic hydrocarbons Each topic developed from the fundamental science to the point of application to real-world problems New problems at an introductory level to aid in classroom teaching

Effects of Natural Aerosols on Climate

Effects of Natural Aerosols on Climate Book
Author : Douglas Stephen Hamilton
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Effects of Natural Aerosols on Climate book written by Douglas Stephen Hamilton, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.