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Advances In Water Purification Techniques

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Advances in Water Purification Techniques

Advances in Water Purification Techniques Book
Author : Satinder Ahuja
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-29
ISBN : 0128147911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Water Purification Techniques: Meeting the Needs of Developed and Developing Countries provides a variety of approaches to water purification that can help assist readers with their research and applications. Water contamination problems occur frequently worldwide, hence the most updated knowledge on water purification systems can be helpful in employing the right type of filter or other mechanism of decontamination. The problems with arsenic contamination of water in Bangladesh and the lead problem in Flint, Michigan remind us of the need to monitor water pollution rigorously, from both point and non-point sources. Provides a valuable resource on how to solve water contamination problems or develop new approaches to water purification Presents advanced methods for monitoring water contamination Describes various approaches to water purification Encourages new developments in water purification techniques Includes methods for assessing and monitoring environmental contaminants Covers recent advancement in molecular techniques

Ethylene Glycols Advances in Research and Application 2013 Edition

Ethylene Glycols   Advances in Research and Application  2013 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2013-06-21
ISBN : 1481675540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ethylene Glycols—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Chloral Hydrate. The editors have built Ethylene Glycols—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Chloral Hydrate in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Ethylene Glycols—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality Book
Author : Satinder Ahuja
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-07-17
ISBN : 9780080921129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work provides those involved in water purification research and administration with a comprehensive resource of methods for analyzing water to assure its safety from contaminants, both natural and human caused. The book first provides an overview of major water-related issues in developing and developed countries, followed by a review of issues of sampling for water analysis, regulatory considerations and forensics in water quality and purity investigations. The subsequent chapters cover microbial as well chemical contaminations from inorganic compounds, radionuclides, volatile and semi-volatile compounds, disinfectants, herbicides, and pharmaceuticals, including endocrine disruptors, as well as potential terrorist-related contamination. The last chapter describes the Grainger prize-winning filter that can remove arsenic from water sources and sufficiently protect the health of a large number of people. - Covers the scope of water contamination problems on a worldwide scale - Provides a rich source of methods for analyzing water to assure its safety from natural and deliberate contaminants - Describes the filter that won the $1 million Grainger prize and thereby highlighting an important approach to remediation

Chemistry and Water

Chemistry and Water Book
Author : Satinder Ahuja
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-11-23
ISBN : 0128096055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After air, water is the most crucial resource for human survival. To achieve water sustainability, we will have to deal with its scarcity and quality, and find ways to reclaim it from various sources. Chemistry and Water: The Science Behind Sustaining the World's Most Crucial Resource applies contemporary and sophisticated separation science and chromatographic methods to address the pressing worldwide concerns of potable water for drinking and safe water for irrigation to raise food for communities around the world. Edited and authored by world-leading analytical chemists, the book presents the latest research and solutions on topics including water quality and pollution, water treatment technologies and practices, watershed management, water quality and food production, challenges to achieving sustainable water supplies, water reclamation techniques, and wastewater reuse. Explores the role water plays to assure our survival and maintain life Provides valuable information from world leaders in chemistry and water research Addresses water challenges and solutions globally to ensure sustainability

New Trends in Emerging Environmental Contaminants

New Trends in Emerging Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Swatantra P. Singh,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Tarun Gupta,Shihabudheen M. Maliyekkal
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-12
ISBN : 9811683670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is based on recent trends for the research in emerging environmental contaminants in different compartment of the environment. It provides a recent understanding for the fate, transport, and degradation of emerging contaminants in different environmental sectors, including water, air, and soil. The contents discuss the fate and transport of microplastics, PPCPs, along with the method of detection and degradation. It includes removal of variety of pollutants including microplastics, pharmaceuticals, and personal care products from the water using adsorption technique, electrooxidation, membrane technology and other advance oxidation methods. This volume will be of great value to those in academia and industry involved in environmental science and engineering research.

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality Book
Author : Satinder Ahuja
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-26
ISBN : 032385138X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality, Second Edition provides those involved in water purification research and administration with a comprehensive resource of methods for analyzing water to assure its safety from contaminants, both natural and human caused. The book includes an overview of the subject and discusses major water-related issues in developing and developed countries. Issues covered include sampling for water analysis, regulatory considerations, and forensics in water quality and purity investigations. Microbial as well as chemical contaminations from inorganic compounds, radionuclides, disinfectants, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals, including endocrine disruptors, are discussed at length. In addition, the luxury of municipal water purified for human consumption is unavailable for a very large number of people. To help solve this problem, some economical water purification techniques, including a million-dollar Grainger prizewinner that can save millions of lives have been included. This fully updated second edition includes four new chapters on topics such as the GenX Water Contamination Problem, the impact of climate change on water, and green chemistry solutions to water pollution. Covers the scope of water contamination problems on a worldwide scale with an overview of major water-related issues in developing and developed countries, including monitoring techniques for potential terrorist-related activities Provides a rich source of methods for analyzing water to ensure its safety from natural and deliberate contaminants Includes a review of water quality forensics with the objective of tracking new potential water contaminants

Water Safety Security and Sustainability

Water Safety  Security and Sustainability Book
Author : Ashok Vaseashta,Carmen Maftei
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-14
ISBN : 3030760081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on threats, especially contaminants, to drinking water and the supply system, especially in municipalities but also in industrial and even residential settings. The safety, security, and suitability landscape can be described as dynamic and complex stemming from necessity and hence culpability due to the emerging threats and risks, vis-a-vis globalization resulting in new forms of contaminants being used due to new technologies. The book provides knowledge and guidance for engineers, scientists, designers, researchers, and students who are involved in water, sustainability, and study of security issues. This book starts out with basics of water usage, current statistics, and an overview ofwater resources. The book then introduces different scenarios of safety and security and areas that researchers need to focus. Following that, the book presents different types of contaminants – inadvertent, intentional, or incidental. The next section presents different methodologies of contamination sensing/detection and remediation strategies as per guidance and standards set globally. The book then concludes with selected chapters on water management, including critical infrastructure that is critical to maintaining safe water supplies to cities and municipalities. Each chapter includes descriptive information for professionals in their respective fields. The breadth of chapters offers insights into how science (physical, natural, and social) and technology can support new developments to manage the complexity resident within the evolving threat and risk landscape.

Separations of Water Pollutants with Nanotechnology

Separations of Water Pollutants with Nanotechnology Book
Author : Satinder Ahuja
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-05-16
ISBN : 0323907644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Separations of Water Pollutants with Nanotechnology, the latest volume in the Separation Science and Technology series, offers new solutions for remediating water pollution utilizing nanomaterials with separation methods. Current water purification methods are unsuitable, inconvenient or expensive, so there is a need for new and better processes and techniques. Nanomaterials can purify water by removing pollutants such as heavy metals, pathogens, organic compounds, inorganic compounds, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals of emerging concern. These can effectively replace membrane-based methods if the right expertise is developed—this book helps separation scientists do just that. Existing water treatment problems can be solved by applying a nanotechnology-based processes: antimicrobial nanotechnology, zero-valent iron nanoparticles, nanoadsorbents, nano-enhanced membranes, nanometal oxides, and nano photocatalysts. The current literature places emphasis on materials chemistry rather than the separation methods used for water purification. This new volume presents a collection of chapters that deal with remediation based on separation chemistry. Written by leaders in their respective fields from around the world and edited by Satinder Ahuja, a leading expert on water quality improvement Covers the environmental impact of anthropogenic nanoparticles and plant derived bionanomaterials, which are not contained in other books related to nanomaterials for water purification Illustrates key information visually wherever possible throughout the book, e.g. process diagrams in the nanomaterial synthesis and nanomembrane fabrication chapters, electron microscope images, and more

Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Zhiwei Wang,Kwang-Ho Choo,Chuyang Y. Tang,T David Waite
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-04-04
ISBN : 0323859879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment consolidates state-of-the-art research developments in electrochemical membrane technology in water reclamation and sustainability in terms of fundamental theories, membrane and electrode materials, reactor designs, and fouling control mechanisms and applications. Fundamental theories and applications of electrochemical membrane technology are detailed, with emerging applications of electrochemical membrane technology introduced. The knowledge gaps and future research perspectives in electrochemical membrane technology are also addressed. This book is an excellent resource for understanding fundamental theories, the latest developments, and future prospects in electrochemical membrane technology. The concepts presented in this book can benefit a broad audience of researchers and engineers working in water purification, membrane technology and electrochemical process. Consolidates scattered knowledge of electrochemical membrane technology into a more assessible resource Provides a comprehensive review of fundamental theories, membrane materials and module design as well as the latest developments in electrochemical membrane technology Provides a state-of-the-art review on the applications of electrochemical membrane technology Includes detailed discussions on the challenges and prospects of electrochemical membrane technology in different applications Presents an excellent reference for the education and understanding of water treatment, wastewater treatment, membrane technology, electrochemical technology, environmental science and technology, and the latest research and developments

Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water

Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water Book
Author : M. N. V. Prasad
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2020-01-24
ISBN : 0081029772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water: Detection and Treatment presents cutting-edge research on how to understand the procedures, processes and considerations for detecting and treating disinfection by-products from drinking water, swimming pool water, and wastewater. The book begins with an overview of the different groups of Disinfection Byproducts (DBPs), such as: Trihalomethanes (THM), Halo acetic acids, and Haloacetonitrile (HAN). This coverage is quickly followed by a clear and rigorous exposition of the latest methods and technologies for the characterization, occurrence, formation, transformation and removal of DBPs in drinking water. Other chapters focus on ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, electron spin resonance, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Researchers will find a valuable resource to a breath of topics for DBP detection and treatment, including various recent techniques, such as microfiltration, nanofiltration membrane and nanotechnology.

Sustainable Nanoscale Engineering

Sustainable Nanoscale Engineering Book
Author : Gyorgy Szekely,Andrew G. Livingston
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-09-18
ISBN : 0128146826
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Nanoscale Engineering: From Materials Design to Chemical Processing presents the latest on the design of nanoscale materials and their applications in sustainable chemical production processes. The newest achievements of materials science, in particular nanomaterials, opened new opportunities for chemical engineers to design more efficient, safe, compact and environmentally benign processes. These materials include metal-organic frameworks, graphene, membranes, imprinted polymers, polymers of intrinsic microporosity, nanoparticles, and nanofilms, to name a few. Topics discussed include gas separation, CO2 sequestration, continuous processes, waste valorization, catalytic processes, bioengineering, pharmaceutical manufacturing, supercritical CO2 technology, sustainable energy, molecular imprinting, graphene, nature inspired chemical engineering, desalination, and more. Describes new, efficient and environmentally accepted processes for nanomaterials design Includes a large array of materials, such as metal-organic frameworks, graphene, imprinted polymers, and more Explores the contribution of these materials in the development of sustainable chemical processes

Selenium Contamination in Water

Selenium Contamination in Water Book
Author : Pooja Devi,Pardeep Singh,Arindam Malakar,Daniel Snow
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-05-12
ISBN : 1119693543
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The contamination of environment and water resources by Selenium (Se) and its oxyanions from various sources are emerging contaminants of significant health and environmental concern. The primary sources include agricultural drainage water, mine drainage, residues from fossil fuels, thermoelectric power plants, oil refineries, and metal ores. Various methods and technologies have been developed which focus on the treatment of selenium-containing waters and wastewater. High concentrations of selenium in water cause various adverse impact to human health, such as carcinogenic, genotoxic, and cytotoxic effects. But in the lower concentrations, it is a useful constituent of the biological system. The range between toxicity and deficiency of selenium is minimal (40 to 400 μg per day), due to its dual nature. Selenium Contamination in Water contains the latest status and information on selenium’s origin, its chemistry and its toxicity to humans. The book represents a comprehensive and advanced reference book for students, researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in working in the field of metalloids, in particular selenium. A special emphasis is given on its geological distribution, monitoring techniques, and remedial technologies. As such, the authors critically analyze the various techniques used for the monitoring and removal of selenium from water. Featuring chapters arranged according to the major themes of the latest research, with specific case-studies from industrial experiences of selenium detection and removal, Selenium Contamination in Water will be particularly valued by researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in working in the field of metalloids including selenium.

Monitoring Water Quality

Monitoring Water Quality Book
Author : Satinder Ahuja
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-01-02
ISBN : 0444594043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Monitoring Water Quality is a practical assessment of one of the most pressing growth and sustainability issues in the developed and developing worlds: water quality. Over the last 10 years, improved laboratory techniques have led to the discovery of microbial and viral contaminants, pharmaceuticals, and endocrine disruptors in our fresh water supplies that were not monitored previously. This book offers in-depth coverage of water quality issues (natural and human-related), monitoring of contaminants, and remediation of water contamination. In particular, readers will learn about arsenic removal techniques, real-time monitoring, and risk assessment. Monitoring Water Quality is a vital text for students and professionals in environmental science, civil engineering, chemistry — anyone concerned with issues of water analysis and sustainability assessment. Covers in depth the scope of sustainable water problems on a worldwide scale Provides a rich source of sophisticated methods for analyzing water to assure its safety Describes the monitoring of contaminants, including pharmaceutical and endocrine disruptors Helps to quickly identify the sources and fates of contaminants and sources of pollutants and their loading

Nanotechnology Characterization Tools for Environment Health and Safety

Nanotechnology Characterization Tools for Environment  Health  and Safety Book
Author : Challa S.S.R. Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-21
ISBN : 3662596008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tenth volume of a 40 volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Nanotechnology Characterization Tools for Environment, Health, and Safety. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

Integrated and Hybrid Process Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Integrated and Hybrid Process Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Abdul Wahab Mohammad,Wei Lun Ang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-25
ISBN : 0128230568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tackling the issue of water and wastewater treatment nowadays requires novel approaches to ensure that sustainable development can be achieved. Water and wastewater treatment should not be seen only as an end-of-pipe solution but instead the approach should be more holistic and lead to a more sustainable process. This requires the integration of various methods/processes to obtain the most optimized design. Integrated and Hybrid Process Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment discusses the state-of-the-art development in integrated and hybrid treatment processes and their applications to the treatment of a vast variety of water and wastewater sources. The approaches taken in this book are categorized as (i) resources recovery and consumption, (ii) optimal performance, (iii) physical and environmental footprints, (iv) zero liquid discharge concept and are (v) regulation-driven. Through these categories, readers will see how such an approach could benefit the water and wastewater industry. Each chapter discusses challenges and prospects of an integrated treatment process in achieving sustainable development. This book serves as a platform to provide ideas and to bridge the gap between laboratory-scale research and practical industry application. Includes comprehensive coverage on integrated and hybrid technology for water and wastewater treatment Takes a new approach in looking at how water and wastewater treatment contributes to sustainable development Provides future direction of research in sustainable water and wastewater treatment

Natural Polymers Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment

Natural Polymers   Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment Book
Author : Susheel Kalia
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-22
ISBN : 0128205423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural Polymers-Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment focuses on the recent development of novel polymeric adsorbents that are green and eco-friendly or biodegradable in nature. The book reviews the synthesis, properties and adsorption applications of natural and green polymer-based adsorbents. It discusses adsorption processes in biopolymer systems, remediation technologies developed to remove environmental pollutants, the usage of natural polymer-based cost-effective and green novel adsorbent materials for the removal of organic and inorganic contaminants, and the efficiency of functionalized polymers, nanosorbents, hydrogels, composites, graft copolymers in the sorption of various pollutants from the environment as well as from the industrial effluents. Researchers working on environmental remediation need a single book, where all data on natural and green adsorbents for water treatment are discussed comprehensively. Natural Polymers-Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment addresses this need by providing world-wide leading experts’ observations and research. So, this book is a valuable reference for early-career scientist, academic researchers and graduate students in chemical engineering and material science. Presents step-by-step review of processing and modification of natural polymers and their applications in water remediation Analyzes data on natural and green adsorbents for water treatment, meanwhile provides world-wide experts’ knowledge to pave the way for further research Includes extensive tables, graphs, figures, bibliographies and references to enhance key concepts

Improving Sustainable Viticulture and Winemaking Practices

Improving Sustainable Viticulture and Winemaking Practices Book
Author : J. Miguel Costa,Sofia Catarino,Jose M.Escalona,Piergiorgio Comuzzo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-03-19
ISBN : 0323851673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Improving Sustainable Practices in Viticulture and Enology provides an up-to-date view on the major issues concerning the sustainability of the wine supply chain. The book describes problems and solutions on the use of inputs (e.g., water, energy) and emphasizes the roles and limitations of implementing circularity in the sector. It identifies some of the most relevant metrics while pinpointing the most critical issues concerning the environmental impacts of wine’s supply chain (vineyards, wineries, trading). This is a novel reference to help the industry excel in production while improving current environmental practices. Professionals in industry, academics, environmentalists and anyone interested in gaining knowledge in sustainable solutions and practices in viticulture and wine production will find this resource indispensable. Suggests and discusses solutions to overcome challenges imposed by adverse climate conditions Presents innovative technologies that have an impact on the efficiency of resources and recycling Includes technological tools for more precise monitoring and management in the wine supply chain

Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Water and Wastewater

Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Water and Wastewater Book
Author : Arturo Hernandez-Maldonado,Lee Blaney
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2019-10-19
ISBN : 012813562X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Water and Wastewater: Advanced Treatment Processes presents the state-of-the-art in the design and use of adsorbents, membranes, and UV/oxidation processes, along with the challenges that will need to be addressed to close the gap between development and implementation in water/wastewater treatment applications. Chapters cover adsorbent and membrane design and performance, direct comparison of performance data between new (inorganic and metal organic nanoporous materials) and classic adsorbents and membranes, a list of advantages, disadvantages, and challenges related to performance limitations, regenerability, and upscaling. In addition, users will find sections on the identification of potential site and off-site applications that are listed according to adsorbent and membrane types, transformation of CECs in low- and/or medium-pressure UV irradiation processes used for disinfection, the oxidation of CECs by chlorine and ozone, and a comparison of advanced oxidation processes for the treatment of a variety of CECs in water and wastewater. Addresses the advantages/disadvantages of select technologies, including energy resource needs and waste management issues of reverse osmosis, amongst other issues Presents information on the advancements of technology within the realm of Engineered Treatments of CECs Focuses on the inherent science and technology of advanced treatment processes

Comprehensive Water Quality and Purification

Comprehensive Water Quality and Purification Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-09-24
ISBN : 0123821835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This major reference work provides a rich source of methods for analyzing water to assure its safety from natural and deliberate contaminants, including those that are added because of carelessness of human endeavors. Human development has great impact on water quality, and new contaminants are emerging every day. The issues of sampling for water analysis, regulatory considerations, and forensics in water quality and purity investigations are covered in detail. Microbial as well as chemical contaminations from inorganic compounds, radionuclides, volatile and semivolatile compounds, disinfectants, herbicides, and pharmaceuticals, including endocrine disruptors, are treated extensively. Researchers must be aware of all sources of contamination and know how to prescribe techniques for removing them from our water supply. Unlike other works published to date that concentrate on issues of water supply, water resource management, hydrology, and water use by industry, this work is more tightly focused on the monitoring and improvement of the quality of existing water supplies and the recovery of wastewater via new and standard separation techniques Using analytical chemistry methods, offers remediation advice on pollutants and contaminants in addition to providing the critical identification perspective The players in the global boom of water purification are numerous and varied. Having worked extensively in academia and industry, the Editor-in-Chief has been careful about constructing a work for a shared audience and cause

Arsenic Monitoring Removal and Remediation

Arsenic Monitoring  Removal and Remediation Book
Author : Margarita Stoytcheva,Roumen Zlatev
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2022-03-30
ISBN : 1839696656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Arsenic Monitoring, Removal and Remediation discusses methods for determining arsenic levels in the environment and removing arsenic pollution. Chapters in the first section comment on the principal methods for arsenic determination in environmental samples with emphasis on sample pretreatment, extraction, separation, and method validation techniques for speciation analysis. Attention is paid to the electrochemical methods for arsenic quantification as an alternative to the commonly used techniques and to the potential of the differential alternative pulses voltammetry for arsenic determination in the presence of interferences. Chapters in the second section highlight the benefits of using adsorption for arsenic species removal and suggest remedial approaches against arsenic pollution, including bioremediation, along with traditional techniques.