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Advances In Transportation And Health

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Advances in Transportation and Health

Advances in Transportation and Health Book
Author : Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Haneen Khreis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-08
ISBN : 0128191376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development. Explores the latest advances on the full spectrum of connections between transport and health Offers a "roadmap" on how transport impacts health Includes tools for analyzing and estimating the health impacts of transport Shows what research and practice gaps need attention Includes contributions from leading scholars, practitioners and policymakers

Transportation and Health

Transportation and Health Book
Author : Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Haneen Khreis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04
ISBN : 0128191368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development.

Transportation and Public Health

Transportation and Public Health Book
Author : Sam Elrahman,Michael Meyer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0128167742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation and Public Health: An Integrated Approach to Policy, Planning, and Implementation helps current and future transportation professionals integrate public health considerations into their transportation planning, thus supporting sustainability and promoting societal health and well-being. The book defines key issues, describes potential solutions, and provides detailed examples of how solutions have been implemented worldwide. In addition, it demonstrates how to identify gaps in existing policy frameworks. Addressing a critical and emerging urgent need in transportation and public health research, the book creates a coherent, inclusive and interdisciplinary framework for understanding. By integrating principles from transportation planning and engineering, health management, economics, social and organizational psychology, the book deepens understanding of these multiple perspectives and tensions inherent in integrating public health and transportation planning and policy implementation. Bridges the gap between transport and public health, two fields that have traditionally traveled on separate and parallel tracks Synthesizes key research and practice literature Includes teaching and learning aids, such as case studies, chapter objectives, summaries and discussion questions

Advances in Transportation Geotechnics IV

Advances in Transportation Geotechnics IV Book
Author : Erol Tutumluer,Soheil Nazarian,Imad Al-Qadi,Issam I.A. Qamhia
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-30
ISBN : 3030772306
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents selected papers presented during the 4th International Conference on Transportation Geotechnics (ICTG). The papers address the geotechnical challenges in design, construction, maintenance, monitoring, and upgrading of roads, railways, airfields, and harbor facilities and other ground transportation infrastructure with the goal of providing safe, economic, environmental, reliable and sustainable infrastructures. This volume will be of interest to postgraduate students, academics, researchers, and consultants working in the field of civil and transport infrastructure.

Advances in Transportation Engineering

Advances in Transportation Engineering Book
Author : Srinivas Pulugurtha,Indrajit Ghosh,Sabyasachi Biswas
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-09
ISBN : 9811371628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprises select papers presented at the International Conference on Trends and Recent Advances in Civil Engineering (TRACE 2018). The book covers cutting-edge methods and applications in the field of traffic control, transportation planning, road maintenance, and highway and pavement engineering. Case studies on traffic safety, pedestrian behavior, and highway maintenance and design are also presented in this book. The contents of this book are useful for researchers and practitioners working in transportation and traffic engineering.

Advances in Artificial Transportation Systems and Simulation

Advances in Artificial Transportation Systems and Simulation Book
Author : Rosaldo J F Rossetti,Ronghui Liu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-12-15
ISBN : 0123973287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Intelligent Systems Series encompasses theoretical studies, design methods, and real-world implementations and applications. It publishes titles in three core sub-topic areas: Intelligent Automation, Intelligent Transportation Systems, and Intelligent Computing. Titles focus on professional and academic reference works and handbooks. This volume, Advances in Artificial Transportation Systems and Simulation, covers hot topics including driver assistance systems; cooperative vehicle-highway systems; collision avoidance; pedestrian protection; image, radar and lidar signal processing; and V2V and V2I communications. The readership for the series is broad, reflecting the wide range of intelligent systems interest and application, but focuses on engineering (in particular automation, control, mechatronics, robotics, transportation, automotive, aerospace), electronics and electronic design, and computer science. Provides researchers and engineers with up to date research results and state-of-the art technologies in the area of intelligent vehicles and transportation systems Includes case studies plus surveys of the latest research Covers hot topics including driver assistance systems; cooperative vehicle-highway systems; collision avoidance; pedestrian protection; image, radar and lidar signal processing; V2V and V2I communications

Advances in Transportation Geotechnics

Advances in Transportation Geotechnics Book
Author : Ed Ellis,Hai-Sui Yu,Glenn McDowell,Andrew R. Dawson,Nick Thom
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-08-01
ISBN : 0203885945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Highways provide the arteries of modern society. The interaction of road, rail and other transport infrastructure with the ground is unusually intimate, and thus needs to be well-understood to provide economic and reliable infrastructure for society. Challenges include not only the design of new infrastructure (often on problematic ground), but inc

International Encyclopedia of Transportation

International Encyclopedia of Transportation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-15
ISBN : 9780081026717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

International Encyclopedia of Transportation emphasizes the interaction between the different aspects of research and aims to offer new solutions to understanding these problems. Through 9 volumes, the series takes a familiar dimension of work on transportation, bringing together the views of experts from different disciplinary perspectives. Each volume highlights aspects of work in many disciplinary fields, including engineering, operations research, economics, geography, and sociology to understand the changes taking place. Constraints on public budgets have led to increasing pressure on the private sector to fund improvements requiring new and innovative financial solutions. While there are clear differences in the nature of the pressures felt in developed and less developed economies, there is an increasing recognition that in all societies there are accessibility problems where certain groups become disadvantaged. While the problems are clearly multidimensional, research on transportation is often constrained by single disciplinary approaches, hence this book tries to overcome boundaries. Provides a forward looking and integrated approach to transportation Updated with future technological impacts, such as self-driving vehicles, cyber-physical systems and big data analytics Includes comprehensive coverage Presents a worldwide approach, including sets of comparative studies and applications

Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation

Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation Book
Author : Neville Stanton
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-27
ISBN : 3319938851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the latest advances in research and development, design, operation and analysis of transportation systems and their complementary infrastructures. It reports on both theories and case studies on road and rail, aviation and maritime transportation. Further, it covers a wealth of topics, from accident analysis, vehicle intelligent control, and human-error and safety issues to next-generation transportation systems, model-based design methods, simulation and training techniques, and many more. A special emphasis is placed on smart technologies and automation in transport, and on the user-centered, ergonomic and sustainable design of transport systems. The book, which is based on the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, held in Orlando, Florida, USA on July 21–25, 2018, mainly addresses the needs of transportation system designers, industrial designers, human–computer interaction researchers, civil and control engineers, as well as vehicle system engineers. Moreover, it represents a timely source of information for transportation policy-makers and social scientists whose work involves traffic safety, management, and sustainability issues in transport.

Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation Part I

Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation  Part I Book
Author : Neville Stanton,Giuseppe Di Bucchianico,Andrea Vallicelli,Steven Landry
Publisher : AHFE International (USA)
Release : 2021-07-19
ISBN : 149512097X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Factors and Ergonomics have made a considerable contribution to the research, design, development, operation and analysis of transportation systems which includes road and rail vehicles and their complementary infrastructure, aviation and maritime transportation. This book presents recent advances in the Human Factors aspects of Transportation. These advances include accident analysis, automation of vehicles, comfort, distraction of drivers (understanding of distraction and how to avoid it), environmental concerns, in-vehicle systems design, intelligent transport systems, methodological developments, new systems and technology, observational and case studies, safety, situation awareness, skill development and training, warnings and workload. This book brings together the most recent human factors work in the transportation domain, including empirical research, human performance and other types of modeling, analysis, and development. The issues facing engineers, scientists, and other practitioners of human factors in transportation research are becoming more challenging and more critical. The common theme across these sections is that they deal with the intersection of the human and the system. Moreover, many of the chapter topics cross section boundaries, for instance by focusing on function allocation in NextGen or on the safety benefits of a tower controller tool. This is in keeping with the systemic nature of the problems facing human factors experts in rail and road, aviation and maritime research– it is becoming increasingly important to view problems not as isolated issues that can be extracted from the system environment, but as embedded issues that can only be understood as a part of an overall system.

Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation

Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation Book
Author : Neville A. Stanton,Steven Landry,Giuseppe Di Bucchianico,Andrea Vallicelli
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-26
ISBN : 3319416820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the latest advances in research and development, design, operation and analysis of transportation systems and their complementary infrastructures. It reports on both theories and case studies on road and rail, aviation and maritime transportation. The book covers a wealth of topics, from accident analysis, vehicle intelligent control, and human-error and safety issues to next-generation transportation systems, model-based design methods, simulation and training techniques, and many more. A special emphasis is given to smart technologies and automation in transport, as well as to user-centered, ergonomic and sustainable design of transport systems. The book, which is based on the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, held on July 27-31, 2016, in Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, mainly addresses transportation system designers, industrial designers, human-computer interaction researchers, civil and control engineers, as well as vehicle system engineers. Moreover, it represents a timely source of information for transportation policy-makers and social scientists dealing with traffic safety, management, and sustainability issues in transport.

Human Mobility Spatiotemporal Context and Environmental Health Recent Advances in Approaches and Methods

Human Mobility  Spatiotemporal Context  and Environmental Health  Recent Advances in Approaches and Methods Book
Author : Mei-Po Kwan
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-07-12
ISBN : 3039211838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental health researchers have long used concepts like the neighborhood effect to assessing people’s exposure to environmental influences and the associated health impact. However, these are static notions that ignore people’s daily mobility at various spatial and temporal scales (e.g., daily travel, migratory movements, and movements over the life course) and the influence of neighborhood contexts outside their residential neighborhoods. Recent studies have started to incorporate human mobility, non-residential neighborhoods, and the temporality of exposures through collecting and using data from GPS, accelerometers, mobile phones, various types of sensors, and social media. Innovative approaches and methods have been developed. This Special Issue aims to showcase studies that use new approaches, methods, and data to examine the role of human mobility and non-residential contexts on human health behaviors and outcomes. It includes 21 articles that cover a wide range of topics, including individual exposure to air pollution, exposure and access to green spaces, spatial access to healthcare services, environmental influences on physical activity, food environmental and diet behavior, exposure to noise and its impact on mental health, and broader methodological issues such as the uncertain geographic context problem (UGCoP) and the neighborhood effect averaging problem (NEAP). This collection will be a valuable reference for scholars and students interested in recent advances in the concepts and methods in environmental health and health geography.

Communities in Action

Communities in Action Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-04-27
ISBN : 0309452961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Analyzing Impacts of Transportation and Non transportation Activities on Human Health with an Advanced Platform for Collecting Travel and Physical Activity Data

Analyzing Impacts of Transportation and Non transportation Activities on Human Health with an Advanced Platform for Collecting Travel and Physical Activity Data Book
Author : Raed Abdullah Hasan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recently much attention is paid to the lack of physical activities that may cause the health problems in many counties. Travel activities provide a certain amount of physical activities, and the active transportation, such as walking and cycling, becomes more important as an essential element of transportation. The active transportation is expected to contribute to improving human health by reducing cardiovascular disease, obesity, and premature death. However, detailed relationship between the transportation choices and human health has not been well understood. Therefore, there is a need for investigating traveler behaviors and how their choices affect physical activities and public health. The first part of the dissertation explores the role of societal cultures and their impact on choosing active transportation modes. Through a multinational survey conducted in the selected cities of the United States, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq, the sociocultural factors that influence transportation mode choices especially active transportation are identified. The second part of the study involves using a mobile application platform named Physical Activity through Smart Travel Activity (PASTA) to monitor the travel and physical activities of transportation users. The PASTA platform includes mobile data communication, big data analysis, activity classification, transportation mode detection, and physical activity quantification on different interfaces, such as smartphones, cloud databases, and computers. The platform provides data to compare physical activities attributable to transportation across different geographical areas. The PASTA platform is tested in Texas and Michigan and proves to be useful in apportioning the total physical activity into travel-related physical activities and non-travel related physical activities. A transportation mode detection (TMD) system is also developed to process the data collected from PASTA based on machine learning techniques. The third part of the dissertation employs the integrated transportation and health impact model (ITHIM) and enhances the concept of ITHIM by adding the quantitative data obtained from PASTA. Mechanisms for collecting data on physical activities (PA) related to or not related to transportation in previous studies relied on questionnaires and interviews of specific samples in the community. Instead, the PASTA platform provides an automated mechanism for gathering the daily activities of people, especially with regard to physical activities and travel behaviors. The study also introduces the physical activity minute (PAM), an indicator of changes in activity levels, which is an alternative to the metabolic equivalence of the task (METs), which is often a constant value for any type of physical activity. By coupling the data from PASTA, this research substantially reduces the limitations in the previous ITHIM and upgrades the model to conform to the current technological advances. The last part of the dissertation discusses the relationship between the levels of physical activity of individuals, their socio-economic features and body shapes using descriptive analysis and path analysis. Three sets of data are used in this study, such as the questionnaire, body shape tests, and physical activity levels associated with transportation. Socio-economic and body shape factors such as race, age, gender, state of residence, percent of body fat, are found to have significant direct and indirect effects on physical activity. The findings of this study help in incorporating human health into transportation planning by addressing health outcomes impacted by physical activities associated with transportation choices considering peoples socioeconomic and body composition profiles. This dissertation makes an effort to analyze and quantify participants actual physical activities by using recent wearable devices with sensing and GPS tracking technology. The dissertation addresses health outcomes impacted by physical activities associated with transportation options. The study provides information that can be used to enhance community awareness of the health benefits that resulted from different transportation mode choices. Overall, the findings of this study can be used to incorporate human health in transportation planning.

Advances in Human Aspects of Road and Rail Transportation

Advances in Human Aspects of Road and Rail Transportation Book
Author : Neville A. Stanton
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-07-17
ISBN : 143987123X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human factors and ergonomics have made considerable contributions to the research, design, development, operation and analysis of transportation systems and their complementary infrastructure. This volume focuses on the causations of road accidents, the function and design of roads and signs, the design of automobiles, and the training of the driver. It covers accident analyses, air traffic control, control rooms, intelligent transportation systems, and new systems and technologies.

Advances in Smart Vehicular Technology Transportation Communication and Applications

Advances in Smart Vehicular Technology  Transportation  Communication and Applications Book
Author : Valentina Emilia Balas,Jeng-Shyang Pan,Tsu-Yang Wu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-01
ISBN : 9811612099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the Proceedings of The Third International Conference on Smart Vehicular Technology, Transportation, Communication and Applications (VTCA 2019), Arad, Romania, held on October 15–18 October 2019 in Arad, Romania. This edition is technically co-sponsored by “Aurel Vlaicu” University of Arad, Romania, Southwest Jiaotong University, Fujian University of Technology, Chang’an University, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Fujian Provincial Key Lab of Big Data Mining and Applications, and National Demonstration Center for Experimental Electronic Information and Electrical Technology Education (Fujian University of Technology), China, Romanian Academy and General Association of Engineers in Romania - Arad Section. The book covers a range of topics including algorithms for optimization, video processing, parking management, IoT, software testing, cryptanalysis, NLP, CNN, wireless sensors network, adaptive security, data protection, green transportation, AI, smart cities, train control, analytic hierarchy process, big data, car following model, etc. The books help to disseminate the knowledge about some active research directions in the field Vehicle Technology and Communication. The book provides useful information to professors, researchers and graduated students in area of Vehicle Technology and Communication.

Data Driven Solutions to Transportation Problems

Data Driven Solutions to Transportation Problems Book
Author : Yinhai Wang,Ziqiang Zeng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-12-04
ISBN : 0128170271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data-Driven Solutions to Transportation Problems explores the fundamental principle of analyzing different types of transportation-related data using methodologies such as the data fusion model, the big data mining approach, computer vision-enabled traffic sensing data analysis, and machine learning. The book examines the state-of-the-art in data-enabled methodologies, technologies and applications in transportation. Readers will learn how to solve problems relating to energy efficiency under connected vehicle environments, urban travel behavior, trajectory data-based travel pattern identification, public transportation analysis, traffic signal control efficiency, optimizing traffic networks network, and much more. Synthesizes the newest developments in data-driven transportation science Includes case studies and examples in each chapter that illustrate the application of methodologies and technologies employed Useful for both theoretical and technically-oriented researchers

Advances in Big Data and Cloud Computing

Advances in Big Data and Cloud Computing Book
Author : J. Dinesh Peter,Amir H. Alavi,Bahman Javadi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-12
ISBN : 9811318824
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a compendium of the proceedings of the International Conference on Big Data and Cloud Computing. It includes recent advances in the areas of big data analytics, cloud computing, internet of nano things, cloud security, data analytics in the cloud, smart cities and grids, etc. This volume primarily focuses on the application of the knowledge that promotes ideas for solving the problems of the society through cutting-edge technologies. The articles featured in this proceeding provide novel ideas that contribute to the growth of world class research and development. The contents of this volume will be of interest to researchers and professionals alike.

Advances of Machine Learning in Clean Energy and the Transportation Industry

Advances of Machine Learning in Clean Energy and the Transportation Industry Book
Author : Pandian Vasant
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-11-30
ISBN : 9781685072117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the latest research in the field of machine learning, discussing the real-world application problems associated with new innovative renewable energy methodologies as well as cutting edge technologies in the transport industry. The requirements and demands of problem solving have been increasing exponentially, and new artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies have reduced the scope of data coverage worldwide. Recent advances in data technology (DT) have contributed to reducing the gaps in the coverage of domains around the globe.Attention to clean energy in recent decades has been growing exponentially. This is mainly due to a decrease in the cost of both installed capacity of converters and a decrease in the cost of generated energy. Such successes were achieved thanks to the improvement of modern technologies for the production of converters, an increase in the efficiency of using incoming energy, optimization of the operation of converters and analysis of data obtained during the operation of systems with the possibility of planning production. The use of clean energy plays an important role in the transportation industry, where technologies are also being improved from year to year - the transportation industry is growing, and machinery and systems are becoming more autonomous and robotic, where it is no longer possible to do without complex intelligent computing, machine learning optimization, planning and working with large amounts of data.The book is a valuable reference work for researchers in the fields of renewable energy, computer science and engineering with a particular focus on machine learning and intelligent optimization as well as for postgraduates, managers, economists and decision makers, policy makers, government officials, industrialists and practicing scientists and engineers as well compassionate global decision makers. Topics include: Machine learning, Quantum Optimization, Modern Technology in Transport Industry, Innovative Technologies in Transport Education, Systems Based on Renewable Energy Conversion, Business Process Models and Applications in Renewable Energy, Clean Energy, and Climate Change.

Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation Part III

Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation  Part III Book
Author : Neville Stanton,Steven Landry,Giuseppe Di Bucchianico,Andrea Vallicelli
Publisher : AHFE International (USA)
Release : 2022-07-19
ISBN : 1495120996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Factors and Ergonomics have made a considerable contribution to the research, design, development, operation and analysis of transportation systems which includes road and rail vehicles and their complementary infrastructure, aviation and maritime transportation. This book presents recent advances in the Human Factors aspects of Transportation. These advances include accident analysis, automation of vehicles, comfort, distraction of drivers (understanding of distraction and how to avoid it), environmental concerns, in-vehicle systems design, intelligent transport systems, methodological developments, new systems and technology, observational and case studies, safety, situation awareness, skill development and training, warnings and workload. This book brings together the most recent human factors work in the transportation domain, including empirical research, human performance and other types of modeling, analysis, and development. The issues facing engineers, scientists, and other practitioners of human factors in transportation research are becoming more challenging and more critical. The common theme across these sections is that they deal with the intersection of the human and the system. Moreover, many of the chapter topics cross section boundaries, for instance by focusing on function allocation in NextGen or on the safety benefits of a tower controller tool. This is in keeping with the systemic nature of the problems facing human factors experts in rail and road, aviation and maritime research– it is becoming increasingly important to view problems not as isolated issues that can be extracted from the system environment, but as embedded issues that can only be understood as a part of an overall system.