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Advances In The Regulation And Production Of Fungal Enzymes By Transcriptomics Proteomics And Recombinant Strains Design

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Advances in the Regulation and Production of Fungal Enzymes by Transcriptomics Proteomics and Recombinant Strains Design

Advances in the Regulation and Production of Fungal Enzymes by Transcriptomics  Proteomics and Recombinant Strains Design Book
Author : André Damasio,Gustavo H. Goldman,Roberto N. Silva,Fernando Segato
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-10-04
ISBN : 2889630536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Several efforts have been made in developing strategies to supply the enzyme market, as well as in reducing its costs. It includes the selection of an appropriate enzyme source and the optimization of enzyme properties and secretion. Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes (CAZymes) are industrially relevant biocatalysts that are capable of degrading plant cell wall biomass. The most important secreted enzymes related to plant cell wall decomposition are cellulases, hemicellulases, and auxiliary enzymes. These enzymes have been applied in the hydrolysis of plant biomass for the production of second-generation (2G) ethanol and several other high added value products. One of the bottlenecks for 2G ethanol production is the cost of enzymes applied on plant biomass hydrolysis. The improvement of proteins production by fungi applying system biology and genetic engineering is an interesting and promising strategy to reduce the enzymes cost and make the 2G ethanol production viable. Fungi play an important role in plant biomass degradation and biotechnology by producing and secreting high yields of enzymes. In spite of the fact that filamentous fungi present several advantages compared to other microorganisms due to the high level of proteins production, heterologous protein production is far from optimal levels and still needs to be improved. Currently, heterologous production of certain proteins is generally considerably lower than the levels obtained to homologous production. Many strategies have been studied in order to improve heterologous production of proteins by filamentous fungi, including the deletion of genes that encode for proteases, the deletion of lectin-like ER-Golgi cargo receptors and the co-expression of specific chaperones. It has been shown that the main bottleneck in the production of heterologous proteins is not caused by the low expression of the target gene. An experimental evidence suggests that most target proteins produced in filamentous fungi are lost or stuck in the secretory pathway due to errors in processing, modification or misfolding that result in their elimination by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) quality control. Misfolded proteins alter homeostasis and proper ER functioning resulting in a state known as ER stress. ER stress activates a conserved signaling pathway called unfolded protein response (UPR) and ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD), which upregulates genes responsible for restoring protein folding homeostasis in the cell and degrades misfolded protein in the cytosol by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. The genetic manipulation of individual genes and changes in the genome seems not to be the best alternative to overcome the main bottlenecks in heterologous protein secretion. However, the understanding of complex interactions of important proteins and genes, as well as how they are regulated is more promising.

Grand Challenges in Fungal Biotechnology

Grand Challenges in Fungal Biotechnology Book
Author : Helena Nevalainen
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-08
ISBN : 3030295419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the major applications and potential of fungal biotechnology. The respective chapters report on the latest advances and opportunities in each topic area, proposing new and sustainable solutions to some of the major challenges faced by modern society. Aimed at researchers and biotechnologists in academia and industry, it represents essential reading for anyone interested in fungal biotechnology, as well as those working within the broader area of microbial biotechnology. Written in an accessible language, the book also offers a valuable reference resource for decision-makers in government and at non-governmental organizations who are involved in the development of cleaner technologies and the global bioeconomy. The 21st century is characterized by a number of critical challenges in terms of human health, developing a sustainable bioeconomy, facilitating agricultural production, and establishing practices that support a cleaner environment. While there are chemical solutions to some of these challenges, developing bio-based approaches is becoming increasingly important. Filamentous fungi, ‘the forgotten kingdom,’ are a group of unique organisms whose full potential has yet to be revealed. Some key properties, such as their exceptional capacity to secrete proteins into the external environment, have already been successfully harnessed for the production of industrial enzymes and cellulosic biofuels. Many further aspects discussed here –such as feeding the hungry with fungal protein, and the potential applications of the various small molecules produced by fungi –warrant further exploration. In turn, the book covers the use of fungal cell factories to produce foreign molecules, e.g. for therapeutics. Strategies including molecular approaches to strain improvement, and recent advances in high-throughput technologies, which are key to finding better products and producers, are also addressed. Lastly, the book discusses the advent of synthetic biology, which is destined to greatly expand the scope of fungal biotechnology. The chapter “Fungal Biotechnology in Space: Why and How?” is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License at link.springer.com.

Gene Expression Systems in Fungi Advancements and Applications

Gene Expression Systems in Fungi  Advancements and Applications Book
Author : Monika Schmoll,Christoph Dattenböck
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-04-04
ISBN : 3319279513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotechnology has emerged as one of the key environmentally safe technologies for the future which enables use of biomass to develop novel smart materials and to replace oil derived products. Fungi are the most efficient producers of the enzymes needed for this purpose and in addition they produce a plethora of secondary metabolites, among which novel antibiotics can be found. Industrial application and exploitation of the metabolic capacities of fungi requires highly productive and robust gene expression systems, which can be achieved by selection of appropriate species and strain improvement. In this book we aim to summarize homologous and heterologous gene expression systems of fungi for production of enzymes and secondary metabolites. A broad overview on requirements, challenges and successful applications shall serve as a basis for further development of fungi as biotechnological workhorses in research and industry.

Systems and Synthetic Biology

Systems and Synthetic Biology Book
Author : Vikram Singh,Pawan K. Dhar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-15
ISBN : 9401795142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook has been conceptualized to provide a detailed description of the various aspects of Systems and Synthetic Biology, keeping the requirements of M.Sc. and Ph.D. students in mind. Also, it is hoped that this book will mentor young scientists who are willing to contribute to this area but do not know from where to begin. The book has been divided into two sections. The first section will deal with systems biology – in terms of the foundational understanding, highlighting issues in biological complexity, methods of analysis and various aspects of modelling. The second section deals with the engineering concepts, design strategies of the biological systems ranging from simple DNA/RNA fragments, switches and oscillators, molecular pathways to a complete synthetic cell will be described. Finally, the book will offer expert opinions in legal, safety, security and social issues to present a well-balanced information both for students and scientists.

Genetically Engineered Crops

Genetically Engineered Crops Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Genetically Engineered Crops: Past Experience and Future Prospects
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-01-28
ISBN : 0309437385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genetically engineered (GE) crops were first introduced commercially in the 1990s. After two decades of production, some groups and individuals remain critical of the technology based on their concerns about possible adverse effects on human health, the environment, and ethical considerations. At the same time, others are concerned that the technology is not reaching its potential to improve human health and the environment because of stringent regulations and reduced public funding to develop products offering more benefits to society. While the debate about these and other questions related to the genetic engineering techniques of the first 20 years goes on, emerging genetic-engineering technologies are adding new complexities to the conversation. Genetically Engineered Crops builds on previous related Academies reports published between 1987 and 2010 by undertaking a retrospective examination of the purported positive and adverse effects of GE crops and to anticipate what emerging genetic-engineering technologies hold for the future. This report indicates where there are uncertainties about the economic, agronomic, health, safety, or other impacts of GE crops and food, and makes recommendations to fill gaps in safety assessments, increase regulatory clarity, and improve innovations in and access to GE technology.

Recombinant Gene Expression

Recombinant Gene Expression Book
Author : Paulina Balbás,Argelia Lorence
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004
ISBN : 1592597742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leading investigators, all of them experts on particular gene expression systems, provide a stellar set of original protocols for gene expression supported by overviews and troubleshooting guides for the biological systmes addressed. This book provides a global view of gene expression in prokaryotes, fungi, plants and animals and will be an invaluable reference in the collection of all biological science laboratories.

Fungi

Fungi Book
Author : Kevin Kavanagh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-04
ISBN : 111997769X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fungi: Biology and Applications, Second Edition provides a comprehensive treatment of fungi, covering biochemistry, genetics and the medical and economic significance of these organisms at introductory level. With no prior knowledge of the subject assumed, the opening chapters offer a broad overview of the basics of fungal biology, in particular the physiology and genetics of fungi and also a new chapter on the application of genomics to fungi. Later chapters move on to include more detailed coverage of topics such as antibiotic and chemical commodities from fungi, new chapters on biotechnological use of fungal enzymes and fungal proteomics, and fungal diseases of humans, antifungal agents for use in human therapy and fungal pathogens of plants.

Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts

Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts Book
Author : James W. Lee
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-30
ISBN : 1461433487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed as a text not only for students and researchers, but anyone interested in green technology, Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts offers the reader a vast overview of the state-of-the-art in renewable energies. The typical chapter sets out to explain the fundamentals of a new technology as well as providing its context in the greater field. With contributions from nearly 100 leading researchers across the globe, the text serves as an important and timely look into this rapidly expanding field. The 40 chapters that comprise Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts are handily organized into the following 8 sections: · Introduction and Brazil's biofuel success · Smokeless biomass pyrolysis for advanced biofuels production and global biochar carbon sequestration · Cellulosic Biofuels · Photobiological production of advanced biofuels with synthetic biology · Lipids-based biodiesels · Life-cycle energy and economics analysis · High-value algal products and biomethane · Electrofuels

Fungi in Bioremediation

Fungi in Bioremediation Book
Author : G. M. Gadd,Geoffrey M. Gadd
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2001-11-15
ISBN : 9780521781190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An authoritative account of the application of fungi to the treatment of environmental pollution.

Non conventional Yeasts from Basic Research to Application

Non conventional Yeasts  from Basic Research to Application Book
Author : Andriy Sibirny
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-08-12
ISBN : 303021110X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume scopes several aspects of non-conventional yeast research prepared by the leading specialists in the field. An introduction on taxonomy and systematics enhances the reader’s knowledge on yeasts beyond established ones such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biotechnological approaches that involve fungal utilization of unusual substrates, production of biofuels and useful chemicals as citric acid, glutathione or erythritol are discussed. Further, strategies for metabolic engineering based on knowledge on regulation of gene expression as well as sensing and signaling pathways are presented. The book targets researchers and advanced students working in Microbiology, Microbial Biotechnology and Biochemistry.

Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology

Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology Book
Author : Byong H. Lee
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-16
ISBN : 1118384954
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology Food biotechnology is the application of modern biotechnological techniques to the manufacture and processing of food; for example, through fermentation of food (which is the oldest biotechnological process) and food additives, as well as plant and animal cell cultures. New developments in fermentation and enzyme technological processes, molecular thermodynamics, genetic engineering, protein engineering, metabolic engineering, bioengineering, and processes involving monoclonal antibodies, nanobiotechnology and quorum sensing have introduced exciting new dimensions to food biotechnology, a burgeoning field that transcends many scientific disciplines. Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology, 2nd edition is based on the author’s 25 years of experience in teaching on a food biotechnology course at McGill University in Canada. The book will appeal to professional food scientists as well as graduate and advanced undergraduate students by addressing the latest exciting food biotechnology research in areas such as genetically modified foods (GMOs), bioenergy, bioplastics, functional foods/ nutraceuticals, nanobiotechnology, quorum sensing and quenching. In addition, cloning techniques for bacterial and yeast enzymes are included in a “New Trends and Tools” section and selected references, questions, and answers appear at the end of each chapter. This new edition has been comprehensively rewritten and restructured to reflect the new technologies, products, and trends that have emerged since the original book. Many new aspects highlight the short- and longer-term commercial potential of food biotechnology. Food Biochemistry and Food Processing, 2nd Edition Edited by Benjamin K. Simpson, Leo M.L. Nollet, Fidel Toldra, et al. ISBN 978-0-8138-0874-1 Food Processing: Principles and Applications, 2nd Edition Edited by Stephanie Clark (Editor), Stephanie Jung, Buddhi Lamsal ISBN 978-0-470-67114-6

Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass

Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass Book
Author : Christian P. Kubicek
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-07-09
ISBN : 1118414489
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Harnessing fungi’s enzymatic ability to break down lignocellulolytic biomass to produce ethanol more efficiently and cost-effectively has become a significant research and industrial interest. Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass provides readers with a broad range of information on the uses and untapped potential of fungi in the production of bio-based fuels. With information on the molecular biological and genomic aspects of fungal degradation of plant cell walls to the industrial production and application of key fungal enzymes, chapters in the book cover topics such as enzymology of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin degradation. Edited by a leading researcher in the field, Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass will be a valuable tool in advancing the development and production of biofuels and a comprehensive resource for fungal biologists, enzymologists, protein chemists, biofuels chemical engineers, and other research and industry professionals in the field of biomass research.

Green Bio processes

Green Bio processes Book
Author : Binod Parameswaran,Sunita Varjani,Sindhu Raveendran
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-03
ISBN : 9811332630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume discusses recent advancements to the age old practice of using microbial enzymes in the preparation of food. Written by leading experts in the field, it discusses novel enzymes and their applications in the industrial preparation of food to improve taste and texture, while reducing cost and increasing consistency. This book will be of interest to both researchers and students working in food technology.

Systems Metabolic Engineering

Systems Metabolic Engineering Book
Author : Christoph Wittmann,Sang Yup Lee
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-06-15
ISBN : 9400745346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Systems Metabolic Engineering is changing the way microbial cell factories are designed and optimized for industrial production. Integrating systems biology and biotechnology with new concepts from synthetic biology enables the global analysis and engineering of microorganisms and bioprocesses at super efficiency and versatility otherwise not accessible. Without doubt, systems metabolic engineering is a major driver towards bio-based production of chemicals, materials and fuels from renewables and thus one of the core technologies of global green growth. In this book, Christoph Wittmann and Sang-Yup Lee have assembled the world leaders on systems metabolic engineering and cover the full story – from genomes and networks via discovery and design to industrial implementation practises. This book is a comprehensive resource for students and researchers from academia and industry interested in systems metabolic engineering. It provides us with the fundaments to targeted engineering of microbial cells for sustainable bio-production and stimulates those who are interested to enter this exiting research field.

Reprogramming Microbial Metabolic Pathways

Reprogramming Microbial Metabolic Pathways Book
Author : Xiaoyuan Wang,Jian Chen,Peter Quinn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-19
ISBN : 9400750552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metabolic engineering has been developed over the past 20 years to become an important tool for the rational engineering of industrial microorganisms. This book has a particular interest in the methods and applications of metabolic engineering to improve the production and yield of a variety of different metabolites. The overall goal is to achieve a better understanding of the metabolism in different microorganisms, and provide a rational basis to reprogram microorganisms for improved biochemical production.

Next Generation Sequencing

Next Generation Sequencing Book
Author : Jerzy Kulski
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-01-14
ISBN : 9535122401
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Next generation sequencing (NGS) has surpassed the traditional Sanger sequencing method to become the main choice for large-scale, genome-wide sequencing studies with ultra-high-throughput production and a huge reduction in costs. The NGS technologies have had enormous impact on the studies of structural and functional genomics in all the life sciences. In this book, Next Generation Sequencing Advances, Applications and Challenges, the sixteen chapters written by experts cover various aspects of NGS including genomics, transcriptomics and methylomics, the sequencing platforms, and the bioinformatics challenges in processing and analysing huge amounts of sequencing data. Following an overview of the evolution of NGS in the brave new world of omics, the book examines the advances and challenges of NGS applications in basic and applied research on microorganisms, agricultural plants and humans. This book is of value to all who are interested in DNA sequencing and bioinformatics across all fields of the life sciences.

Flow Cytometry and Cell Sorting

Flow Cytometry and Cell Sorting Book
Author : Andreas Radbruch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 3662041294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The analysis and sorting of large numbers of cells with a fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) was first achieved some 30 years ago. Since then, this technology has been rapidly developed and is used today in many laboratories. A Springer Lab Manual Review of the First Edition: "This is a most useful volume which will be a welcome addition for personal use and also for laboratories in a wide range of disciplines. Highly recommended." CYTOBIOS

Industrial Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Industrial Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Book
Author : Heinrich Klefenz
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release : 2002-04-22
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume focuses on pharmaceutical biotechnology as a key area of life sciences. The complete range of concepts, processes and technologies of biotechnology is applied in modern industrial pharmaceutical research, development and production. The results of genome sequencing and studies of biological-genetic function are combined with chemical, micro-electronic and microsystem technology to produce medical devices and diagnostic biochips. A multitude of biologically active molecules is expanded by additional novel structures created with newly arranged gene clusters and bio-catalytic chemical processes. New organisational structures in the co-operation of institutes, companies and networks enable faster knowledge and product development and immediate application of the results of research and process development. This book is the ideal source of information for scientists and engineers in research and development, for decision-makers in biotech, pharma and chemical corporations, as well as for research institutes, but also for founders of biotech companies and people working for venture capital corporations.

Microbial Products for Health Environment and Agriculture

Microbial Products for Health  Environment and Agriculture Book
Author : Pankaj Kumar Arora
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-21
ISBN : 9811619476
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume discusses the role of various microbial products in healthcare, environment and agriculture. Several microbial products are directly involved in solving major health problems, agricultural and environmental issues. In healthcare sector, microbes are used as anti-tumor compounds, antibiotics, anti-parasitic agents, enzyme inhibitors and immunosuppressive agents. Microbial products are also used to degrade xenobiotic compounds and bio-surfactants, for biodegradation process. In agriculture, microbial products are used to enhance nutrient uptake, to promote plant growth, or to control plant diseases. The book presents several such applications of microbes in the ecosystems. The chapters are contributed from across the globe and contain up-to-date information. This book is of interest to teachers, researchers, microbiologists and ecologists. Also the book serves as additional reading material for undergraduate and graduate students of agriculture, forestry, ecology, soil science, and environmental sciences.

Fungal Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Fungal Biotechnology and Bioengineering Book
Author : Abd El-Latif Hesham,Ram Sanmukh Upadhyay,Gauri Dutt Sharma,Chakravarthula Manoharachary,Vijai Kumar Gupta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-06-20
ISBN : 9783030418724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fungi are eukaryotic microorganisms that include both unicellular and multicellular species. They have a worldwide distribution and a wide range of applications in diverse sectors, from environmental, food and medicine to biotechnological innovations. Fungal biochemical genetics involves the study of the relationships between genome, proteome and metabolome, and the underlying molecular processes in both native and bioengineered fungi. This book provides a valuable resource on the challenges and potential of fungal biotechnology and related bioengineering and functional diversity for various industrial applications in the food, environmental, bioenergy and biorefining, and the biopharma sectors. In comparison to previous and related publications in the area of applied myco-biotech-engineering, this book bridges a knowledge gap in the areas related to prospects and investment as well as intellectual and technical issues. This book also provides information on recent commercial and economic interests in the area by juxtaposing the developments achieved in recent worldwide research and its many challenges.