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Advances In Steam Turbines For Modern Power Plants

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Advances in Steam Turbines for Modern Power Plants

Advances in Steam Turbines for Modern Power Plants Book
Author : Tadashi Tanuma
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-11-01
ISBN : 9780081003145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Advances in Steam Turbines for Modern Power Plants" provides an authoritative review of steam turbine design optimization, analysis and measurement, the development of steam turbine blades, and other critical components, including turbine retrofitting and steam turbines for renewable power plants. As a very large proportion of the world s electricity is currently generated in systems driven by steam turbines, (and will most likely remain the case in the future) with steam turbines operating in fossil-fuel, cogeneration, combined cycle, integrated gasification combined cycle, geothermal, solar thermal, and nuclear plants across the world, this book provides a comprehensive assessment of the research and work that has been completed over the past decades. Presents an in-depth review on steam turbine design optimization, analysis, and measurementWritten by a range of experts in the areaProvides an overview of turbine retrofitting and advanced applications in power generation"

Steam Turbines for Modern Fossil Fuel Power Plants

Steam Turbines for Modern Fossil Fuel Power Plants Book
Author : Alexander S. Leyzerovich
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-01-18
ISBN : 8770222673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presenting the newest approaches to the design and operation of steam turbines, this book also explores modern techniques for refurbishment of aging units. It covers recent engineering breakthroughs and new approaches to transient operating conditions, as well as improved information support for operational personnel. An authoritative guide for power plant engineers, operators, owners and designers on all of these crucial developments, this book fully describes and evaluates the most important new design and operational improvement opportunities for the full spectrum of today's steam turbines – from the newest and most advanced to the more common existing systems.

Gas Turbines for Electric Power Generation

Gas Turbines for Electric Power Generation Book
Author : S. Can Gülen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-02-14
ISBN : 1108416659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Everything you wanted to know about industrial gas turbines for electric power generation in one source with hard-to-find, hands-on technical information.

Sustainable Utility Systems

Sustainable Utility Systems Book
Author : Petar Sabev Varbanov,Jiří Škorpík,Jiří Pospíšil,Jiří Jaromír Klemeš
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-12-07
ISBN : 3110630095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a thorough guidance on maximizing the performance of utility systems in terms of sustainability. It covers general structure, typical components and efficiency trends, and applications such as top-level analysis for steam pricing and selection of processes for improved heat integration. Examples are provided to illustrate the discussed models and methods to give sufficient learning experience for the reader.

Materials for Ultra Supercritical and Advanced Ultra Supercritical Power Plants

Materials for Ultra Supercritical and Advanced Ultra Supercritical Power Plants Book
Author : Augusto Di Gianfrancesco
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-01
ISBN : 008100558X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials for Ultra-Supercritical and Advanced Ultra-Supercritical Power Plants provides researchers in academia and industry with an essential overview of the stronger high-temperature materials required for key process components, such as membrane wall tubes, high-pressure steam piping and headers, superheater tubes, forged rotors, cast components, and bolting and blading for steam turbines in USC power plants. Advanced materials for future advanced ultra-supercritical power plants, such as superalloys, new martensitic and austenitic steels, are also addressed. Chapters on international research directions complete the volume. The transition from conventional subcritical to supercritical thermal power plants greatly increased power generation efficiency. Now the introductions of the ultra-supercritical (USC) and, in the near future, advanced ultra-supercritical (A-USC) designs are further efforts to reduce fossil fuel consumption in power plants and the associated carbon dioxide emissions. The higher operating temperatures and pressures found in these new plant types, however, necessitate the use of advanced materials. Provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative and systematic overview of the stronger high-temperature materials required for both ultra-supercritical and advanced ultra-supercritical power plants Covers materials for critical components in ultra-supercritical power plants, such as boilers, rotors, and turbine blades Addresses advanced materials for future advanced ultra-supercritical power plants, such as superalloys, new martensitic and austenitic steels Includes chapters on technologies for welding technologies

Ultra Supercritical Coal Power Plants

Ultra Supercritical Coal Power Plants Book
Author : Dongke Zhang FTSE
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-08-31
ISBN : 0857097512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The continued use of coal as a means of generating electricity and an increasing demand for cleaner, more efficient energy production has led to advances in power plant technology. Ultra-supercritical coal power plants reviews the engineering, operation, materials and performance of ultra-supercritical coal power plants. Following a chapter introducing advanced and ultra-supercritical coal power plants, part one goes on to explore the operating environments, materials and engineering of ultra-supercritical coal power plants. Chapters discuss the impacts of steam conditions on plant materials and operation, fuel considerations and burner design, and materials and design for boilers working under supercritical steam conditions. Chapters in part two focus on improving ultra-supercritical coal power plant performance and operability. Ash fouling, deposition and slagging in ultra-supercritical coal power plants are highlighted along with pollution control measures and the estimation, management and extension of the life of ultra-supercritical power plants. Further chapters provide an economic and engineering analysis of a 700°C advanced ultra-supercritical pulverised coal power plant and discuss CO2 capture-ready ultra-supercritical coal power plants. Ultra-supercritical coal power plants is a comprehensive technical reference for power plant operators and engineers, high-temperature materials scientists, professionals in the power industry who require an understanding of ultra-supercritical coal power plants and researchers and academics interested in the field. Provides a comprehensive reference on the developments, materials, design and operation of ultra-supercritical power plant Considers the degradation issues affecting this type of plant, as well as emissions control and CO2 capture technology; improved plant controls critical to improved operation and environmental performance Contains operational assessments for plant safety, plant life management, and plant economics

Advances in Gas Turbine Technology

Advances in Gas Turbine Technology Book
Author : Ernesto Benini
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-11-04
ISBN : 9533076119
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gas turbine engines will still represent a key technology in the next 20-year energy scenarios, either in stand-alone applications or in combination with other power generation equipment. This book intends in fact to provide an updated picture as well as a perspective vision of some of the major improvements that characterize the gas turbine technology in different applications, from marine and aircraft propulsion to industrial and stationary power generation. Therefore, the target audience for it involves design, analyst, materials and maintenance engineers. Also manufacturers, researchers and scientists will benefit from the timely and accurate information provided in this volume. The book is organized into five main sections including 21 chapters overall: (I) Aero and Marine Gas Turbines, (II) Gas Turbine Systems, (III) Heat Transfer, (IV) Combustion and (V) Materials and Fabrication.

Creating the Twentieth Century

Creating the Twentieth Century Book
Author : Vaclav Smil
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 2005-08-25
ISBN : 0195168747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The two pre-World War I generations encompassed the greatest innovative period in history. Technical inventions of 1867-1914 & their rapid improvement & commercialisation created new prime movers, materials, infrastructures & information means that provided the lasting foundations of the modern world.

Efficiency of heat and work in a regional energy system

Efficiency of heat and work in a regional energy system Book
Author : Tommy Rosén
Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
Release : 2019-12-11
ISBN : 9179299342
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the largest flows of energy in Swedish municipalities is the fuel-energy flow through the regional combined heat and power (CHP) plant. The customer products from this flow are mainly electricity to the electricity grid and heat to the building sector. There are many ways to describe and examine this fuel-energy flow, and there are many perspectives. This thesis presents one perspective. It is a top-down, analytical and numerical perspective on the efficiency of heat and work in a regional energy system. The analysis focus on the present situation in Linköping municipality and aims at describing the energy efficiency improvement potential. Three subsystems are considered, the regional production of electricity, the regional production of heat, and the regional public transport by bus. These three systems are physically all heat engines i.e. engines that derive work and/or heat from fuel combustion processes. It is important to notice that the analysis in this thesis does not describe the theoretical improvement potential, that potential is considerably higher than the implementable potential, but of no practical use. Instead the analysis is as far as possible based on real world measured efficiencies and efficiency values of best practice (Best available technology). The analysis shows that hardware investments at the CHP plant can improve the electricity generation efficiency and thereby reduce CO2 emissions. The investments are in high pressure turbines, medium pressure turbines and preheaters. The size of the improvement is hard to quantify because it depends partly on unknown factors in the surrounding electricity market. In the studied system CO2 reduction could be as high as 40 - 60 %. The regionally produced biogas would be used more efficiently if it were used in the local combined cycle gas turbine instead of being used in internal combustion engines in buses. The buses would instead be electrically driven. This use of biogas would create a better integrated fuel-energy flow and reduce heat losses. Another improvement is to reduce the system temperatures in the district heating system. The study shows that the efficiency gains, because of lower system temperatures, would increase electricity production by about 1 – 3%, and that greenhouse gas emissions would be reduced by 4 – 20%. However, these improvements are dependent on demand side investments in the district heating system and are therefore slow to implement. Ett av de största energiflödena i svenska kommuner är bränsle/energi-flödet genom det regionala kraftvärmeverket. De konsumentprodukter som detta energiflöde producerar är främst uppvärmning av bostäder och elkraft. Det finns många sätt att beskriva och utvärdera detta bränsle/energi-flöde och det finns många olika perspektiv. Det här arbetet analyserar energiflödet med en analytisk ”top-down” metod. Analysen utgår ifrån den nuvarande situationen i Linköpings kommun och avser att belysa den förbättringspotential som finns med avseende på systemets verkningsgrad. Tre delsystem har studerats, det regionala systemet för värmeproduktion, det regionala systemet för elproduktion och det regionala kollektivtrafiksystemet för innerstadstrafik med buss. Dessa tre system är fysikaliskt värmemotorer d.v.s. de är system som nyttjar termisk energi från förbränningsprocesser för att utföra ett arbete och/eller generera värme. Det är viktigt att notera att analyserna i detta arbete inte avser att beskriva en teoretisk förbättringspotential. Analyserna avser istället att belysa den praktiska, implementerbara, förbättringspotentialen. Därför har arbetet så långt som möjligt utgått ifrån uppmätta data och numeriska värden på verkningsgrader ifrån redan existerande anläggningar eller tekniska komponenter. Analyserna visar att hårdvaruinvesteringar i det lokala kraftvärmeverket skulle öka elproduktionen och därigenom sänka koldioxidutsläppen. De investeringar som skulle behöva göras är investeringar i högtrycksturbiner, mellantrycksturbiner och förvärmare. De sänkta koldioxidutsläppen är svåra att kvantifiera eftersom de delvis beror på okända faktorer på den omgivande elmarknaden. Reduktionen av koldioxidutsläppen skulle kunna vara så stor som 40 - 60 %. Den lokalt producerade biogasen skulle användas mer effektivt om den användes i den lokala gaskombi-anläggningen istället för att användas som bussbränsle som är det nuvarande användningsområdet för detta bränsle. Bussarna skulle istället kunna ersättas med elbussar. En sådan förändring av biogas-användningen skulle innebära ett bättre integrerat energisystem med lägre värmeförluster. En annan möjlig förbättring av kraftvärmesystemet är att sänka returtemperaturerna i fjärrvärmesystemet. Analyserna visar att elverkningsgraden skulle förbättras 1 – 3 % och att koldioxidutsläppen skulle kunna minska med 4 – 20 %. Dessa förbättringar skulle däremot kräva investeringar på kraftvärmesystemets kundsida och bedöms därför vara långsamma att implementera.

100 Years of Power Plant Development

100 Years of Power Plant Development Book
Author : Heinz Termuehlen
Publisher : Amer Society of Mechanical
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Overviews the thermodynamic design concepts behind the most common types of power generation plants. Termuehlen, who is retired from Siemens, shows how advances in power plant technologies--especially the large steam and gas turbine design--have improved the performance of power stations, and how problems have been overcome. Nuclear power, co-generation, combined-cycle, and coal gasification plants are described. The final chapter identifies available fuel sources, and examines the best technologies for converting fuel into electric power with the lowest adverse effect on the environment. c. Book News Inc.

The Biogas Handbook

The Biogas Handbook Book
Author : Arthur Wellinger,Jerry D Murphy,David Baxter
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0857097415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With pressure increasing to utilise wastes and residues effectively and sustainably, the production of biogas represents one of the most important routes towards reaching national and international renewable energy targets. The biogas handbook: Science, production and applications provides a comprehensive and systematic guide to the development and deployment of biogas supply chains and technology. Following a concise overview of biogas as an energy option, part one explores biomass resources and fundamental science and engineering of biogas production, including feedstock characterisation, storage and pre-treatment, and yield optimisation. Plant design, engineering, process optimisation and digestate utilisation are the focus of part two. Topics considered include the engineering and process control of biogas plants, methane emissions in biogas production, and biogas digestate quality, utilisation and land application. Finally, part three discusses international experience and best practice in biogas utilisation. Biogas cleaning and upgrading to biomethane, biomethane use as transport fuel and the generation of heat and power from biogas for stationery applications are all discussed. The book concludes with a review of market development and biomethane certification schemes. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, The biogas handbook: Science, production and applications is a practical reference to biogas technology for process engineers, manufacturers, industrial chemists and biochemists, scientists, researchers and academics working in this field. Provides a concise overview of biogas as an energy option Explores biomass resources for production Examines plant design and engineering and process optimisation

Thermal Power Plants

Thermal Power Plants Book
Author : Paweł Madejski
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-05-02
ISBN : 1789230780
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The demand for electricity and heat production is still largely covered by conventional thermal power plants based on fossil fuel combustion. Thermal power stations face a big challenge to meet the environmental requirements constantly keeping high process efficiency and avoiding lifetime shortening of critical components. In recent years, many activities have been observed to reduce pollutant emissions and optimize performance in thermal power plants. Increased share of renewable sources of energy in domestic markets enforces flexible operation and fast adjustment to actual demand. Gas power plants start to play a very important role in this process, allowing for rapid change of load and emission reduction. Operation under changing load together with keeping emissions at the accurate level requires constantly introducing new solutions and technologies as well as carrying out many research and development activities for optimization of the electricity and heat production process. The edited book is aimed to present new technologies, innovative solutions, measurement techniques, tools and computational methods dedicated to thermal power plants in the light of new trends and challenges.

Power Plant Engineering

Power Plant Engineering Book
Author : A. K. Raja,Amit Prakash Srivastava
Publisher : New Age International
Release : 2006
ISBN : 8122418317
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Text-Cum-Reference Book Has Been Written To Meet The Manifold Requirement And Achievement Of The Students And Researchers. The Objective Of This Book Is To Discuss, Analyses And Design The Various Power Plant Systems Serving The Society At Present And Will Serve In Coming Decades India In Particular And The World In General. The Issues Related To Energy With Stress And Environment Up To Some Extent And Finally Find Ways To Implement The Outcome.Salient Features# Utilization Of Non-Conventional Energy Resources# Includes Green House Effect# Gives Latest Information S In Power Plant Engineering# Include Large Number Of Problems Of Both Indian And Foreign Universities# Rich Contents, Lucid Manner

Gas Turbines

Gas Turbines Book
Author : Claire Soares
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-23
ISBN : 0124104851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering basic theory, components, installation, maintenance, manufacturing, regulation and industry developments, Gas Turbines: A Handbook of Air, Sea and Land Applications is a broad-based introductory reference designed to give you the knowledge needed to succeed in the gas turbine industry, land, sea and air applications. Providing the big picture view that other detailed, data-focused resources lack, this book has a strong focus on the information needed to effectively decision-make and plan gas turbine system use for particular applications, taking into consideration not only operational requirements but long-term life-cycle costs in upkeep, repair and future use. With concise, easily digestible overviews of all important theoretical bases and a practical focus throughout, Gas Turbines is an ideal handbook for those new to the field or in the early stages of their career, as well as more experienced engineers looking for a reliable, one-stop reference that covers the breadth of the field. Covers installation, maintenance, manufacturer's specifications, performance criteria and future trends, offering a rounded view of the area that takes in technical detail as well as well as industry economics and outlook Updated with the latest industry developments, including new emission and efficiency regulations and their impact on gas turbine technology Over 300 pages of new/revised content, including new sections on microturbines, non-conventional fuel sources for microturbines, emissions, major developments in aircraft engines, use of coal gas and superheated steam, and new case histories throughout highlighting component improvements in all systems and sub-systems.

The Steam Turbine the Rede Lecture 1911

The Steam Turbine  the Rede Lecture 1911 Book
Author : Charles Parsons
Publisher : CUP Archive
Release : 1911
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Steam Turbine the Rede Lecture 1911 book written by Charles Parsons, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Recent Improvements of Power Plants Management and Technology

Recent Improvements of Power Plants Management and Technology Book
Author : Aleksandar Nikolic,Žarko Janda
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-07-13
ISBN : 9535133578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since first AC current high-power hydropower plant was put in operation, built by Nikola Tesla and George Westinghouse in 1895 on Niagara Falls, electrification of the world has dramatically changed. The growing power demand and energy consumption in the last decades require fundamental changes in the process, power production, and services. These requirements tend to use both conventional and nonconventional energy generation in order to have power plants economically useful and environmentally friendly to the society. The goal of this textbook is to provide an up-to-date review of this important topic with specific emphasis on the current guidelines for improving overall efficiency, lowering emissions, and using large share of renewable energy.

Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook

Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook Book
Author : Meherwan P. Boyce
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-09-01
ISBN : 9780080456898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook has been the standard for engineers involved in the design, selection, and operation of gas turbines. This revision includes new case histories, the latest techniques, and new designs to comply with recently passed legislation. By keeping the book up to date with new, emerging topics, Boyce ensures that this book will remain the standard and most widely used book in this field. The new Third Edition of the Gas Turbine Engineering Hand Book updates the book to cover the new generation of Advanced gas Turbines. It examines the benefit and some of the major problems that have been encountered by these new turbines. The book keeps abreast of the environmental changes and the industries answer to these new regulations. A new chapter on case histories has been added to enable the engineer in the field to keep abreast of problems that are being encountered and the solutions that have resulted in solving them. Comprehensive treatment of Gas Turbines from Design to Operation and Maintenance. In depth treatment of Compressors with emphasis on surge, rotating stall, and choke; Combustors with emphasis on Dry Low NOx Combustors; and Turbines with emphasis on Metallurgy and new cooling schemes. An excellent introductory book for the student and field engineers A special maintenance section dealing with the advanced gas turbines, and special diagnostic charts have been provided that will enable the reader to troubleshoot problems he encounters in the field The third edition consists of many Case Histories of Gas Turbine problems. This should enable the field engineer to avoid some of these same generic problems

Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines

Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Committee on Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2020-04-19
ISBN : 0309664225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leadership in gas turbine technologies is of continuing importance as the value of gas turbine production is projected to grow substantially by 2030 and beyond. Power generation, aviation, and the oil and gas industries rely on advanced technologies for gas turbines. Market trends including world demographics, energy security and resilience, decarbonization, and customer profiles are rapidly changing and influencing the future of these industries and gas turbine technologies. Technology trends that define the technological environment in which gas turbine research and development will take place are also changing - including inexpensive, large scale computational capabilities, highly autonomous systems, additive manufacturing, and cybersecurity. It is important to evaluate how these changes influence the gas turbine industry and how to manage these changes moving forward. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines identifies high-priority opportunities for improving and creating advanced technologies that can be introduced into the design and manufacture of gas turbines to enhance their performance. The goals of this report are to assess the 2030 gas turbine global landscape via analysis of global leadership, market trends, and technology trends that impact gas turbine applications, develop a prioritization process, define high-priority research goals, identify high-priority research areas and topics to achieve the specified goals, and direct future research. Findings and recommendations from this report are important in guiding research within the gas turbine industry and advancing electrical power generation, commercial and military aviation, and oil and gas production.

Advances in Design Simulation and Manufacturing III

Advances in Design  Simulation and Manufacturing III Book
Author : Vitalii Ivanov,Ivan Pavlenko,Oleksandr Liaposhchenko,José Machado,Milan Edl
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-04
ISBN : 3030504913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores topics at the interface between mechanical and chemical engineering, with a focus on design, simulation, and manufacturing. Covering recent developments in the mechanics of solids and structures; numerical simulation of coupled problems, including wearing, compression, detonation and collision; and chemical process technologies, including ultrasonic technology, capillary rising process, pneumatic classification, membrane electrolysis and absorption processes, it reports on developments in the field of heat and mass transfer, energy-efficient technologies, and industrial ecology. Part of a two-volume set based on the 3rd International Conference on Design, Simulation, Manufacturing: The Innovation Exchange (DSMIE-2020), held on June 9-12, 2020, in Kharkiv, Ukraine, this book provides academics and professionals with extensive information on the latest trends, technologies and challenges in the field as well as practical lessons learned.