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Advances In Radiation Shielding For Fusion Reactors

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Advances in Radiation Shielding for Fusion Reactors

Advances in Radiation Shielding for Fusion Reactors Book
Author : Rafael Juarez Manas,Michael Loughlin,Sanz Javier
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-02-15
ISBN : 9780081027967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Radiation Shielding for Fusion Reactors provides complete guidance on radiation shielding principles and their application to nuclear fusion facilities, incorporating the lessons learnt from the design and construction of the latest major modern nuclear fusion facilities such as ITER. It provides an insight of the main challenges and the computational approach to deal with them efficiently. Although applicable to general radiation shielding problems, specific attention is given to problems associated with conceptual fusion reactors. This includes neutron and gamma-ray shielding in deep penetration and streaming geometries, activation, radio-active waste, occupational radiation exposure and ALARA. Descriptions of shielding issues for fusion reactors, and shielding principles and strategies, and lessons learnt from the conception and construction of ITER Advanced and modern computation methods to predict and analyse radiation fields in 3D to identify shielding needs or validate shielding proposals Revision of the main sources of uncertainty to be considered in these calculations and a methodology to determine and apply safety factors to mitigate the impact of uncertainties

Neutronics of Advanced Nuclear Systems

Neutronics of Advanced Nuclear Systems Book
Author : Yican Wu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-19
ISBN : 9811365202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a systematic and comprehensive introduction to the neutronics of advanced nuclear systems, covering all key aspects, from the fundamental theories and methodologies to a wide range of advanced nuclear system designs and experiments. It is the first-ever book focusing on the neutronics of advanced nuclear systems in the world. Compared with traditional nuclear systems, advanced nuclear systems are characterized by more complex geometry and nuclear physics, and pose new challenges in terms of neutronics. Based on the achievements and experiences of the author and his team over the past few decades, the book focuses on the neutronics characteristics of advanced nuclear systems and introduces novel neutron transport methodologies for complex systems, high-fidelity calculation software for nuclear design and safety evaluation, and high-intensity neutron source and technologies for neutronics experiments. At the same time, it describes the development of various neutronics designs for advanced nuclear systems, including neutronics design for ITER, CLEAR and FDS series reactors. The book not only summarizes the progress and achievements of the author’s research work, but also highlights the latest advances and investigates the forefront of the field and the road ahead.

Superconducting Magnets for Fusion Applications

Superconducting Magnets for Fusion Applications Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fusion magnet technology has made spectacular advances in the past decade; to wit, the Mirror Fusion Test Facility and the Large Coil Project. However, further advances are still required for advanced economical fusion reactors. Higher fields to 14 T and radiation-hardened superconductors and insulators will be necessary. Coupled with high rates of nuclear heating and pulsed losses, the next-generation magnets will need still higher current density, better stability and quench protection. Cable-in-conduit conductors coupled with polyimide insulations and better steels seem to be the appropriate path. Neutron fluences up to 1019 neutrons/cm2 in niobium tin are achievable. In the future, other amorphous superconductors could raise these limits further to extend reactor life or decrease the neutron shielding and corresponding reactor size.

Fusion Energy Update

Fusion Energy Update Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fusion Energy Update book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Integral Experiments for Fusion reactor Shield Design Summary of Progress

Integral Experiments for Fusion reactor Shield Design  Summary of Progress Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neutron and gamma-ray energy spectra from the reactions of approx. 14-MeV neutrons in blanket and shield materials and from the streaming of these neutrons through a cylindrical duct (L/D approx. 2) have been measured and calculated. These data are being obtained in a series of integral experiments to verify the radiation transport methods and nuclear data that are being used in nuclear design calculations for fusion reactors. The experimental procedures and analytical methods used to obtain the calculated data are reviewed. Comparisons between measured and calculated data for the experiments that have been performed to date are summarized.

Nuclear Energy

Nuclear Energy Book
Author : Raymond L. Murray
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-09
ISBN : 1483182223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Energy: An Introduction to the Concepts, Systems, and Applications of Nuclear Processes introduces the reader to the concepts, systems, and applications of nuclear processes. It provides a factual description of basic nuclear phenomena, as well as devices and processes that involve nuclear reactions. The problems and opportunities that are inherent in a nuclear age are also highlighted. Comprised of 27 chapters, this book begins with an overview of fundamental facts and principles, with emphasis on energy and states of matter, atoms and nuclei, and nuclear reactions. Radioactivity, radiation, and nuclear fusion and fission are then examined, along with the operating principles of radiation equipment, nuclear reactors, and other systems involving nuclear processes. Nuclear devices such as particle accelerators, isotope separators, and radiation detectors are described. Subsequent chapters focus on the relation between nuclear energy and peaceful applications. Finally, attention is directed to the subjects of radiation protection, beneficial usage of isotopes, and the connection between energy resources and human progress. This monograph will be of interest to those who wish to know about the role of nuclear energy in society or to learn nuclear concepts for use in professional work.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Essential Further Elementary Intermediate Nuclear Reactor Physics Engineering Unzipped

Essential  Further  Elementary   Intermediate Nuclear Reactor Physics   Engineering Unzipped Book
Author : Adrian Carrington
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-06-11
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Of all subjects the physics, engineering and technology of nuclear reactors is perhaps one of the most esoteric yet it plays a highly important role in most of our lives; and soon, without doubt, will become even more so. Because it is generally unknown means that it is often feared but it shouldn't be. Books that broach this subject often do so from either a most basic approach, leaving the enquiring mind wanting for more, or more often are designed specifically for students of nuclear engineering to a very advanced level and are therefore far too advanced for the level of interest of the non-nuclear student or first/second year nuclear undergraduate and often assume that the reader is already in possession of high level mathematics. This book sets out, at fast pace, to ease the reader into this subject at an elementary, further elementary and intermediate level but also addresses any theory from basic first principles that is often missing in other literature. Herein we explain this subject without missing out the necessary concomitant underlying concepts without which the student will remain forever wondering how. This book is also designed to suit, and is navigable at, all aspirational levels of study from basic technology to advanced physics. Within we shall discuss: nuclear & atomic physics and technology, nuclear fission, fusion, radiation, shielding and instrumentation, analysis of reactor core design geometries, critical mass calculations and fuel pitch optimization, fuel poisoning, reactor stability, reactor types and characteristics, nuclear accidents and safety, fuel manufacture, chemistry and enrichment, metallurgy of reactor materials, fuel loading and burn-up calculations. Further to this, substantial other material has been added given the need for wider engineering perspectives of power plant design, thermodynamics, thermal-hydraulics, engineering control theory and in introducing useful topics, including theory and techniques in linear analysis, for bridging into advanced reactor theory. This book is a highly illustrated, concise and comprehensive, practical and theoretical introduction to this high utility subject and also serves beyond its apparent cognitive application. It is designed to provide more than that of a textbook at the elementary/further elementary/intermediate level. If you are a student of physics, mechanical, chemical, electrical or environmental engineering, mathematics or chemistry, are a naval officer or just academically or curiously minded who seeks a better understanding of this mysterious subject or if you are a first/second year nuclear engineering student then this book will get you straight in and help you succeed in understanding the fascinating world of nuclear energy.

Diagnostics for Experimental Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors 2

Diagnostics for Experimental Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors 2 Book
Author : Peter E. Stott,Giuseppe Gorini,Paolo Prandoni
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461553539
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book of proceedings collects the papers presented at the workshop on "Diagnostics for Experimental Fusion Reactors" held at Villa Monastero, Varenna (Italy) September 4-12, 1997. This workshop was the seventh organized by the International School of Plasma Physics "Piero Caldirola" on the topic of plasma diagnostics and the second devoted to the diagnostic studies for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). The proceedings of the first workshop on ITER diagnostics were published by Plenum Press in 1996 with the title "Diagnostics for Experimental Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors". While many of the ideas and studies reported in the first workshop remain valid, there has been sub stantial progress in the design and specification of many diagnostics for ITER. This moti vated a second workshop on this topic and the publication of a new book of proceedings. ITER is a joint venture between Europe, Japan, Russia and USA in the field of con trolled thermonuclear fusion research. The present aim of ITER is to design an experimental fusion reactor that can demonstrate ignition and sustained burn in a magnetically confined plasma. To achieve this goal, a wide range of plasma parameters will have to be measured reliably. It is also anticipated that diagnostics will be used much more extensively as input to control systems on ITER than on present fusion devices and this will require increased relia bility and long-term stability.

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download ERDA Energy Research Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Accessions of Unlimited Distribution Reports

Accessions of Unlimited Distribution Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974-04-05
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Accessions of Unlimited Distribution Reports book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fusion Reactor Design

Fusion Reactor Design Book
Author : Takashi Okazaki
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-11-04
ISBN : 3527832947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fusion Reactor Design Provides a detailed overview of fusion reactor design, written by an international leader in the field Nuclear fusion—generating four times as much energy from the same mass of fuel as nuclear fission—is regarded by its proponents as a viable, eco-friendly alternative to gas-fired, coal-fired, and conventional power plants. Although the physics of nuclear fusion is essentially understood, the construction of prototype reactors currently presents significant technical challenges. Fusion Reactor Design: Plasma Physics, Fuel Cycle System, Operation and Maintenance provides a systematic, reader-friendly introduction to the characteristics, components, and critical systems of fusion reactors. Focusing on the experimental Tokamak reactor, this up-to-date resource covers relevant plasma physics, necessary technology, analysis methods, and the other aspects of fusion reactors. In-depth chapters include derivations of key formulas, figures highlighting physical and structural characteristics of fusion reactors, illustrative numerical calculations, practical design examples, and more. Designed to help researchers and engineers understand and overcome the technological difficulties in making fusion power a reality, this volume: Provides in-depth knowledge on controlled thermonuclear fusion and its large-scale application in both current fusion reactors and future test reactors Covers plasma analysis, plasma equilibrium and stability, and plasma transport and confinement, and safety considerations Explains each component of fusion reactors, including divertors, superconducting coils, plasma heating and current drive systems, and vacuum vessels Discusses safety aspects of fusion reactors as well as computational approaches to safety aspects of fusion reactors Fusion Reactor Design: Plasma Physics, Fuel Cycle System, Operation and Maintenance is required reading for undergraduate and graduate students studying plasma physics and fusion reactor technology, and an important reference for nuclear physicists, nuclear reactor manufacturers, and power engineers involved in fusion reactor research and advanced technology development.

Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors

Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors Book
Author : Alexander Perevezentsev,Mikhail Rozenkevich
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-02
ISBN : 0128243236
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors summarizes the most recent research and practice in tritium technologies for the processing of hydrogen isotopes in fuel cycles. Authors Dr. Perevezentsev and Professor Rozenkevich combine their wealth of first-hand experience to present this comprehensive guide which promotes the best radiation protection practices and a more sustainable way to produce power in a thermonuclear reactor plant. Applicable to both magnetic and inertial confinements of plasma, this book covers tritium processing systems, tritium recovery from the plasma chamber, and various safety systems devoted to lessening the impact on the public and environment. The readers are also led through various modeling techniques, such as the separation of hydrogen isotopes, and the detritiation of liquid and gaseous streams in dynamic and steady state operation modes. This book is a practical guide which includes various case studies and examples which will help solidify the reader’s learning. It combines the latest research of tritium technologies with applications for fusion nuclear reactors, and includes solutions and directions for the resolution of various common challenges faced. Engineers, researchers, and students of tritium technologies, fusion energy, and nuclear power generation will gain a detailed and integrated understanding of how tritium can be used within a nuclear setting, for cleaner and more efficient power generation. Guides the reader through problem solving via step-by-step processes and models Includes case studies and examples throughout, from two of the most recognized experts in the field with firsthand knowledge of the subject Presents a comprehensive, practical reference on the tritium fuel cycle for fusion reactors

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : United States. Energy Research and Development Administration
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976-05
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download ERDA Energy Research Abstracts book written by United States. Energy Research and Development Administration, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : United States. Energy Research and Development Administration. Technical Information Center
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download ERDA Energy Research Abstracts book written by United States. Energy Research and Development Administration. Technical Information Center, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1975
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nuclear Science Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Introduction to Materials for Advanced Energy Systems

Introduction to Materials for Advanced Energy Systems Book
Author : Colin Tong
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-12
ISBN : 3319980025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This first of its kind text enables today’s students to understand current and future energy challenges, to acquire skills for selecting and using materials and manufacturing processes in the design of energy systems, and to develop a cross-functional approach to materials, mechanics, electronics and processes of energy production. While taking economic and regulatory aspects into account, this textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the range of materials used for advanced energy systems, including fossil, nuclear, solar, bio, wind, geothermal, ocean and hydropower, hydrogen, and nuclear, as well as thermal energy storage and electrochemical storage in fuel cells. A separate chapter is devoted to emerging energy harvesting systems. Integrated coverage includes the application of scientific and engineering principles to materials that enable different types of energy systems. Properties, performance, modeling, fabrication, characterization and application of structural, functional and hybrid materials are described for each energy system. Readers will appreciate the complex relationships among materials selection, optimizing design, and component operating conditions in each energy system. Research and development trends of novel emerging materials for future hybrid energy systems are also considered. Each chapter is basically a self-contained unit, easily enabling instructors to adapt the book for coursework. This textbook is suitable for students in science and engineering who seek to obtain a comprehensive understanding of different energy processes, and how materials enable energy harvesting, conversion, and storage. In setting forth the latest advances and new frontiers of research, the text also serves as a comprehensive reference on energy materials for experienced materials scientists, engineers, and physicists. Includes pedagogical features such as in-depth side bars, worked-out and end-of- chapter exercises, and many references to further reading Provides comprehensive coverage of materials-based solutions for major and emerging energy systems Brings together diverse subject matter by integrating theory with engaging insights

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology Book
Author : Ernest J. Henley,Jeffery Lewins
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-09
ISBN : 1483215660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology, Volume 9 provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of nuclear science and technology. This book discusses the safe and beneficial development of land-based nuclear power plants. Organized into five chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the possible consequences of a large-scale release of radioactivity from a nuclear reactor in the event of a serious accident. This text then discusses the extension of conventional perturbation techniques to multidimensional systems and to high-order approximations of the Boltzmann equation. Other chapters consider details of probability treatment of the conventionally assumed loss-of-pressure accident to a modern gas-cooled reactor. This book discusses as well details of reliability analysis of a typical electromechanical protective system. The final chapter deals with the computer applications and the need for standardization as both computing and nuclear energy shifted from research and development to industry status. This book is a valuable resource for reactor physicists, engineers, scientists, and research workers.

Advanced Radiation Protection Dosimetry

Advanced Radiation Protection Dosimetry Book
Author : Shaheen Dewji,Nolan E. Hertel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-04-02
ISBN : 0429621558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although many radiation protection scientists and engineers use dose coefficients, few know the origin of those dose coefficients. This is the first book in over 40 years to address the topic of radiation protection dosimetry in intimate detail. Advanced Radiation Protection Dosimetry covers all methods used in radiation protection dosimetry, including advanced external and internal radiation dosimetry concepts and regulatory applications. This book is an ideal reference for both scientists and practitioners in radiation protection and students in graduate health physics and medical physics courses. Features: A much-needed book filling a gap in the market in a rapidly expanding area Contains the history, evolution, and the most up-to-date computational dosimetry models Authored and edited by internationally recognized authorities and subject area specialists Interrogates both the origins and methodologies of dose coefficient calculation Incorporates the latest international guidance for radiation dosimetry and protection

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology Book
Author : Jeffery Lewins,Martin Becker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-18
ISBN : 0306470888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since its initiation in 1962, this series has presented authoritative reviews of the most important developments in nuclear science and engineering, from both theoretical and applied perspectives. In addition, many original contributions are included.