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Advances In Nuclear Fuel Chemistry

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Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry Book
Author : Markus H.A. Piro
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-20
ISBN : 008102651X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry presents a high-level description of nuclear fuel chemistry based on the most recent research and advances. Dr. Markus H.A. Piro and his team of global, expert contributors cover all aspects of both the conventional uranium-based nuclear fuel cycle and non-conventional fuel cycles, including mining, refining, fabrication, and long-term storage, as well as emerging nuclear technologies, such as accident tolerant fuels and molten salt materials. Aimed at graduate students, researchers, academics and practicing engineers and regulators, this book will provide the reader with a single reference from which to learn the fundamentals of classical thermodynamics and radiochemistry. Consolidates the latest research on nuclear fuel chemistry into one comprehensive reference, covering all aspects of traditional and non-traditional nuclear fuel cycles Includes contributions from world-renowned experts from many countries representing government, industry and academia Covers a variety of fuel designs, including conventional uranium dioxide, mixed oxides, research reactor fuels, and molten salt fuels Written by experts with hands-on experience in the development of such designs

Advances in Nuclear Fuel

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Book
Author : Shripad T. Revankar
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-02-22
ISBN : 9535100424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Worldwide there are more than 430 nuclear power plants operating and more plants are being constructed or planned for construction. For nuclear power to be sustainable the nuclear fuel must be sustainable and there should be adequate nuclear fuel waste management program. Continuous technological advances will lead towards sustainable nuclear fuel through closed fuel cycles and advance fuel development. This focuses on challenges and issues that need to be addressed for better performance and safety of nuclear fuel in nuclear plants. These focused areas are on development of high conductivity new fuels, radiation induced corrosion, fuel behavior during abnormal events in reactor, and decontamination of radioactive material.

The Path to Sustainable Nuclear Energy Basic and Applied Research Opportunities for Advanced Fuel Cycles

The Path to Sustainable Nuclear Energy  Basic and Applied Research Opportunities for Advanced Fuel Cycles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objective of this report is to identify new basic science that will be the foundation for advances in nuclear fuel-cycle technology in the near term, and for changing the nature of fuel cycles and of the nuclear energy industry in the long term. The goals are to enhance the development of nuclear energy, to maximize energy production in nuclear reactor parks, and to minimize radioactive wastes, other environmental impacts, and proliferation risks. The limitations of the once-through fuel cycle can be overcome by adopting a closed fuel cycle, in which the irradiated fuel is reprocessed and its components are separated into streams that are recycled into a reactor or disposed of in appropriate waste forms. The recycled fuel is irradiated in a reactor, where certain constituents are partially transmuted into heavier isotopes via neutron capture or into lighter isotopes via fission. Fast reactors are required to complete the transmutation of long-lived isotopes. Closed fuel cycles are encompassed by the Department of Energy?s Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI), to which basic scientific research can contribute. Two nuclear reactor system architectures can meet the AFCI objectives: a?single-tier? system or a?dual-tier? system. Both begin with light water reactors and incorporate fast reactors. The?dual-tier? systems transmute some plutonium and neptunium in light water reactors and all remaining transuranic elements (TRUs) in a closed-cycle fast reactor. Basic science initiatives are needed in two broad areas:? Near-term impacts that can enhance the development of either?single-tier? or?dual-tier? AFCI systems, primarily within the next 20 years, through basic research. Examples: Dissolution of spent fuel, separations of elements for TRU recycling and transmutation Design, synthesis, and testing of inert matrix nuclear fuels and non-oxide fuels Invention and development of accurate on-line monitoring systems for chemical and nuclear species in the nuclear fuel cycle Development of advanced tools for designing reactors with reduced margins and lower costs? Long-term nuclear reactor development requires basic science breakthroughs: Understanding of materials behavior under extreme environmental conditions Creation of new, efficient, environmentally benign chemical separations methods Modeling and simulation to improve nuclear reaction cross-section data, design new materials and separation system, and propagate uncertainties within the fuel cycle Improvement of proliferation resistance by strengthening safeguards technologies and decreasing the attractiveness of nuclear materials A series of translational tools is proposed to advance the AFCI objectives and to bring the basic science concepts and processes promptly into the technological sphere. These tools have the potential to revolutionize the approach to nuclear engineering R & D by replacing lengthy experimental campaigns with a rigorous approach based on modeling, key fundamental experiments, and advanced simulations.

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology Book
Author : Ernest J. Henley
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461328624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present volume in our annual review series reviews a wide range of developments, giving a broad interpretation to the "technology" of our title. Starting at the beginning, Science, we have the review of basic nuclear physics data of Walker and Weaver for reactor kinetics, particularly, there fore, delayed neutron data. In the search for better and better accuracy, it is being realized that this involves the closest scrutiny of fundamental data, given to us here from the Birmingham school. Associated with this review of data is the review from Italy by Professor Pacilio and his co workers of the theory of reactor kinetics in the stochastic form, and a valuable compilation of the theory underlying a wide range of practical techniques. Tending more to technology come the papers by Jervis, reviewing the application of digital computers to the control of large nuclear power stations as developed in both the united Kingdom and Canada, Pickman's review of the design of fuels for heavy water reactors, and the account by Ishi kawa and Inabe of the new Japanese Research Reactor Program, itself initially directed largely to fuel element studies. The balance of the volume is made up of more philoso phical contributions to the practicalities of nuclear power.

The Path to Sustainable Nuclear Energy Basic and Applied Research Opportunities for Advanced Fuel Cycles September 12 14 2005

The Path to Sustainable Nuclear Energy  Basic and Applied Research Opportunities for Advanced Fuel Cycles  September 12 14  2005 Book
Author : C. Burns,P. Peterson,D. Dixon,G. Henry,J. Sackett,B. Moyer,A. Navrotsky,K. McCarthy,W. Weber,K. Nash,J. Laidler,T. Allen,K. E. Sickafus,N. Edelstein,P. Finck,L. Morss,M. Chadwick,J. Tulenko,K. Pasamehmetoglu,M. Corradini,P. Oblozinsky,M. Goff
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objective of this report is to identify new basic science that will be the foundation for advances in nuclear fuel-cycle technology in the near term, and for changing the nature of fuel cycles and of the nuclear energy industry in the long term. The goals are to enhance the development of nuclear energy, to maximize energy production in nuclear reactor parks, and to minimize radioactive wastes, other environmental impacts, and proliferation risks. The limitations of the once-through fuel cycle can be overcome by adopting a closed fuel cycle, in which the irradiated fuel is reprocessed and its components are separated into streams that are recycled into a reactor or disposed of in appropriate waste forms. The recycled fuel is irradiated in a reactor, where certain constituents are partially transmuted into heavier isotopes via neutron capture or into lighter isotopes via fission. Fast reactors are required to complete the transmutation of long-lived isotopes. Closed fuel cycles are encompassed by the Department of Energy?s Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI), to which basic scientific research can contribute. Two nuclear reactor system architectures can meet the AFCI objectives: a?single-tier? system or a?dual-tier? system. Both begin with light water reactors and incorporate fast reactors. The?dual-tier? systems transmute some plutonium and neptunium in light water reactors and all remaining transuranic elements (TRUs) in a closed-cycle fast reactor. Basic science initiatives are needed in two broad areas:? Near-term impacts that can enhance the development of either?single-tier? or?dual-tier? AFCI systems, primarily within the next 20 years, through basic research. Examples: Dissolution of spent fuel, separations of elements for TRU recycling and transmutation Design, synthesis, and testing of inert matrix nuclear fuels and non-oxide fuels Invention and development of accurate on-line monitoring systems for chemical and nuclear species in the nuclear fuel cycle Development of advanced tools for designing reactors with reduced margins and lower costs? Long-term nuclear reactor development requires basic science breakthroughs: Understanding of materials behavior under extreme environmental conditions Creation of new, efficient, environmentally benign chemical separations methods Modeling and simulation to improve nuclear reaction cross-section data, design new materials and separation system, and propagate uncertainties within the fuel cycle Improvement of proliferation resistance by strengthening safeguards technologies and decreasing the attractiveness of nuclear materials A series of translational tools is proposed to advance the AFCI objectives and to bring the basic science concepts and processes promptly into the technological sphere. These tools have the potential to revolutionize the approach to nuclear engineering R & D by replacing lengthy experimental campaigns with a rigorous approach based on modeling, key fundamental experiments, and advanced simulations.

Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction

Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction Book
Author : Bruce A. Moyer
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-08-19
ISBN : 9781420059700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growth in the world’s nuclear industry, motivated by peaking world oil supplies, concerns about the greenhouse effect, and domestic needs for energy independence, has resulted in a heightened focus on the need for next-generation nuclear fuel-cycle technologies. Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction: A Series of Advances, Volume 19 provides a comprehensive look at the state of the science underlying solvent extraction in its role as the most powerful separation technique for the reprocessing of commercial spent nuclear fuel. Capturing the current technology and scientific progress as it exists today and looking ahead to potential developments, the book examines the overall state of solvent extraction in reprocessing, new molecules for increased selectivity and performance, methods for predicting extractant properties, and actinide-lanthanide group separation. The contributors also explore the simultaneous extraction of radionuclides by mixing extractants, the cause and nature of third-phase formation, the effects of radiation on the solvent and its performance, analytical techniques for measuring process concentrations, new centrifugal contactors for more efficient processing, and new chemistry using novel media. The long-term vision of many professionals in the field entails a proliferation-free nuclear energy economy in which little or no waste is stored or released into the environment and all potential energy values in spent nuclear fuel are recycled. This text opens a window on that possibility, offering insight from world leaders on the cutting edge of nuclear research.

Comparative Evaluation of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Techniques for Advances i e Advanced Fuel Cycle Concepts

Comparative Evaluation of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Techniques for Advances  i e  Advanced  Fuel Cycle Concepts Book
Author : Guna Seelan Selvaduray
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Comparative Evaluation of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Techniques for Advances i e Advanced Fuel Cycle Concepts book written by Guna Seelan Selvaduray, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Recent Advances In Actinide Science

Recent Advances In Actinide Science Book
Author : Iain May,N D Bryan,Rebeca Alvares
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2007-10-31
ISBN : 1847555365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Actinide elements and their chemistry have a significant number of applications. Bringing together contributions from the leading experts in the field, Recent Advances in Actinide Science covers six main topics: * Analysis, the environment and biotransformations * Coordination and organometallic chemistry * Heavy elements * Nuclear fuels, materials and waste forms * Separations and solution chemistry * Spectroscopy, magnetism and superconductivity Covering a wide range of research from pure academic studies to applied industrial science and technology, this book distils the knowledge and achievements gained in actinide science over the last four years. This high level book is aimed at researchers, both industrial and academic, and provides a comprehensive overview of the current status of actinide science.

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology Book
Author : Ernest J. Henley,Herbert Kouts
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-05-12
ISBN : 1483224589
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology, Volume 1 provides an authoritative, complete, coherent, and critical review of the nuclear industry. This book covers a variety of topics, including nuclear power stations, graft polymerization, diffusion in uranium alloys, and conventional power plants. Organized into seven chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the three stages of the operation of a power plant, either nuclear or conventionally fueled. This text then examines the major problems that face the successful development of commercial nuclear power plants. Other chapters consider the synthesis of graft copolymers by radiation-induced graft polymerization. This book discusses as well the processes of technical importance in the nuclear field, such as the bonding of fuel materials to cladding, or the release of fission gases from fuel elements. The final chapter deals with the effects of nuclear radiation in causing chemical changes in matter. This book is a valuable resource for scientists and engineers.

Storage and Hybridization of Nuclear Energy

Storage and Hybridization of Nuclear Energy Book
Author : Hitesh Bindra,Shripad Revankar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-22
ISBN : 0128139765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Storage and Hybridization of Nuclear Energy: Techno-economic Integration of Renewable and Nuclear Energy provides a unique analysis of the storage and hybridization of nuclear and renewable energy. Editor Bindra and his team of expert contributors present various global methodologies to obtain the techno-economic feasibility of the integration of storage or hybrid cycles in nuclear power plants. Aimed at those studying, researching and working in the nuclear engineering field, this book offers nuclear reactor technology vendors, nuclear utilities workers and regulatory commissioners a very unique resource on how to access reliable, flexible and clean energy from variable-generation. Presents a unique view on the technologies and systems available to integrate renewables and nuclear energy Provides insights into the different methodologies and technologies currently available for the storage of energy Includes case studies from well-known experts working on specific integration concepts around the world

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-22
ISBN : 0081028660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials in a nuclear environment are exposed to extreme conditions of radiation, temperature and/or corrosion, and in many cases the combination of these makes the material behavior very different from conventional materials. This is evident for the four major technological challenges the nuclear technology domain is facing currently: (i) long-term operation of existing Generation II nuclear power plants, (ii) the design of the next generation reactors (Generation IV), (iii) the construction of the ITER fusion reactor in Cadarache (France), (iv) and the intermediate and final disposal of nuclear waste. In order to address these challenges, engineers and designers need to know the properties of a wide variety of materials under these conditions and to understand the underlying processes affecting changes in their behavior, in order to assess their performance and to determine the limits of operation. Comprehensive Nuclear Materials 2e provides broad ranging, validated summaries of all the major topics in the field of nuclear material research for fission as well as fusion reactor systems. Attention is given to the fundamental scientific aspects of nuclear materials: fuel and structural materials for fission reactors, waste materials, and materials for fusion reactors. The articles are written at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with a ready reference resource of information. Most of the chapters from the first Edition have been revised and updated and a significant number of new topics are covered in completely new material. During the ten years between the two editions, the challenge for applications of nuclear materials has been significantly impacted by world events, public awareness, and technological innovation. Materials play a key role as enablers of new technologies, and we trust that this new edition of Comprehensive Nuclear Materials has captured the key recent developments. Critically reviews the major classes and functions of materials, supporting the selection, assessment, validation and engineering of materials in extreme nuclear environments Comprehensive resource for up-to-date and authoritative information which is not always available elsewhere, even in journals Provides an in-depth treatment of materials modeling and simulation, with a specific focus on nuclear issues Serves as an excellent entry point for students and researchers new to the field

Chemical Engineering Progress

Chemical Engineering Progress Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Chemical Engineering Progress book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in chemistry series

Advances in chemistry series Book
Author : American Chemical Society
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in chemistry series book written by American Chemical Society, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry

Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-26
ISBN : 0444637419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry provides timely and critical reviews of important topics in computational chemistry as applied to all chemical disciplines. Topics covered include quantum chemistry, molecular mechanics, force fields, chemical education, and applications in academic and industrial settings. Focusing on the most recent literature and advances in the field, each article covers a specific topic of importance to computational chemists. Includes timely discussions on quantum chemistry and molecular mechanics Covers force fields, chemical education, and more Presents the latest in chemical education and applications in both academic and industrial settings

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy Research Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Gas cooled Reactors Today

Gas cooled Reactors Today Book
Author : British Nuclear Energy Society
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 9780727701664
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Papers are organised by the following session titles: 'Magnox Experience and Nuclear Fuel Testing', 'AGR Fuel', 'Graphite Corrosion and Coolant Chemistry', 'HTR and GCFR Fuel', 'Structural Materials in Helium-cooled Reactors' and 'Structural Materials for Magnox and AGRs'.

Analytical Chemistry of Nuclear Fuels

Analytical Chemistry of Nuclear Fuels Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Analytical Chemistry of Nuclear Fuels book written by International Atomic Energy Agency, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Nuclear Engineering

Advances in Nuclear Engineering Book
Author : John Ray Dunning,Bruce R. Prentice
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1957
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in Nuclear Engineering book written by John Ray Dunning,Bruce R. Prentice, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Journal of the Institution of Engineers India Part MM Mining Metallurgy Division

Journal of the Institution of Engineers  India   Part MM  Mining   Metallurgy Division Book
Author : Institution of Engineers (India). Metallurgy & Material Science Division
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of the Institution of Engineers India Part MM Mining Metallurgy Division book written by Institution of Engineers (India). Metallurgy & Material Science Division, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Learning Directory

Learning Directory Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1970
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Learning Directory book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.