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Advances In Molten Salt Reactors

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Molten Salt Reactors and Integrated Molten Salt Reactors

Molten Salt Reactors and Integrated Molten Salt Reactors Book
Author : Bahman Zohuri
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-29
ISBN : 0323918468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the evolution and advances of energy conversion is critical to meet today’s energy demands while lowering emissions in the fight against climate change. One advancement within nuclear plants that continues to gain interest is molten salt reactors and integrated molten salt reactors, which are the new proposed generation IV small modular reactors. To get up to speed on the latest technology, Molten Salt Reactors and Integrated Molten Salt Reactors: Integrated Power Conversion delivers a critical reference covering the main steps for the application of these reactors. Creating a more environmentally friendly energy production methodology, the reference reviews the past, current, and future states of the reactors including pros and cons, designs and safety features involved, and additional references. Included in the reference is a new approach to energy conversion technology, including coverage on material, economic, and technical challenges towards waste heat recovery, power conversion systems, and advanced computational materials proposed for generation IV systems. Advanced nuclear open air-brayton cycles are also included for higher efficiency. Rounding out with guidance on avoiding salt freezing and salt cleanup for fission and fusion reactors, Molten Salt Reactors and Integrated Molten Salt Reactors: Integrated Power Conversion provides today’s nuclear engineer and power plant engineer with the impactful content of rising efficiency in molten salt reactors, ultimately leading to more efficient and affordable electricity. Gain the latest applications and steps to implement modular reactors, including safety and technical considerations Learn an innovative approach to nuclear air combined cycles (NACC), bringing down the costs of producing electricity in nuclear power plants Practice techniques and computer modeling with additional appendices that include experimental validation methods and computer code results

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy Book
Author : Thomas James Dolan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-08
ISBN : 0081012438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molten Salt Reactors is a comprehensive reference on the status of molten salt reactor (MSR) research and thorium fuel utilization. There is growing awareness that nuclear energy is needed to complement intermittent energy sources and to avoid pollution from fossil fuels. Light water reactors are complex, expensive, and vulnerable to core melt, steam explosions, and hydrogen explosions, so better technology is needed. MSRs could operate safely at nearly atmospheric pressure and high temperature, yielding efficient electrical power generation, desalination, actinide incineration, hydrogen production, and other industrial heat applications. Coverage includes: Motivation -- why are we interested? Technical issues – reactor physics, thermal hydraulics, materials, environment, ... Generic designs -- thermal, fast, solid fuel, liquid fuel, ... Specific designs – aimed at electrical power, actinide incineration, thorium utilization, ... Worldwide activities in 23 countries Conclusions This book is a collaboration of 58 authors from 23 countries, written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten Salt Forum. It can serve as a reference for engineers and scientists, and it can be used as a textbook for graduate students and advanced undergrads. Molten Salt Reactors is the only complete review of the technology currently available, making this an essential text for anyone reviewing the use of MSRs and thorium fuel, including students, nuclear researchers, industrial engineers, and policy makers. Written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten-Salt Forum Covers MSR-specific issues, various reactor designs, and discusses issues such as the environmental impact, non-proliferation, and licensing Includes case studies and examples from experts across the globe

Molten Salt Reactor Program Semiannual Progress Report for Period Ending

Molten Salt Reactor Program Semiannual Progress Report for Period Ending     Book
Author : Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1965-02
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Molten Salt Reactor Program Semiannual Progress Report for Period Ending book written by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Molten Salt Reactor Program Progress Report for Period from

Molten Salt Reactor Program Progress Report for Period from     Book
Author : Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1961-03
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Molten Salt Reactor Program Progress Report for Period from book written by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry

Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry Book
Author : J. Braunstein,Gleb Mamantov,G. P. Smith
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-21
ISBN : 1461582709
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first chapter of this volume deals with computer simulation of molten salt behavior by molecular dynamics calculations. The next four chapters are reviews of experimental work: Chapter 2 deals with the solubility of nonre active gases in molten salts, Chapter 3 with various types of organic reactions in molten tetrachloroaluminates, Chapter 4 with techniques for the study of molten fluorides, and Chapter 5 with the physical and chemical properties of thiocyanate melts. The last chapter is a collection of phase diagrams for binary and ternary fluoride systems. J. B., G. M., G. P. S. v CONTENTS Chapter 1 MOLECULAR DYNAMICS CALCULATIONS ON MOLTEN IONIC SALTS L. V. Woodcock 1. Introduction. . 4 2. Intermolecular Forces in Molten Salts 4 2.1. True and Effective Pair Potentials 2.2. Semiempirical Models 6 3. Computational Techniques 13 3.1. Molecular Dynamics Simulation 13 3.2. The Monte Carlo Method 15 3.3. Electrostatic Summations . . 18 4. Calculation of Physical Properties 23 4.1. Equilibrium Properties . 23 4.2. Transport Coefficients 27 4.3. Spectroscopic Properties 32 5. Applications. . . . . . . . 35 5.1. Studies of Interionic Forces. 35 5.2. Microstructure and Mechanisms 40 5.3. Interpretation of Experimental Observables 50 5.4. Reappraisal of Molten Salt Theories . 64 70 6. Conclusions 7. References. 72 vii Contents viii Chapter 2 GAS SOLUBILITY IN MOLTEN SALTS P. Field 1. Introduction 75 2. Experimental Techniques 78 3. Solution Thermodynamics.

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment Book
Author : Jyeshtharaj Joshi,Arun K Nayak
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0081023375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment presents the latest computational fluid dynamic technologies. It includes an evaluation of safety systems for reactors using CFD and their design, the modeling of Severe Accident Phenomena Using CFD, Model Development for Two-phase Flows, and Applications for Sodium and Molten Salt Reactor Designs. Editors Joshi and Nayak have an invaluable wealth of experience that enables them to comment on the development of CFD models, the technologies currently in practice, and the future of CFD in nuclear reactors. Readers will find a thematic discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of Gen II to Gen IV reactor concepts that will help them develop cost reduction strategies for nuclear power plants. Presents a thematic and comprehensive discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of nuclear reactors Provides an historical review of the development of CFD models, discusses state-of-the-art concepts, and takes an applied and analytic look toward the future Includes CFD tools and simulations to advise and guide the reader through enhancing cost effectiveness, safety and performance optimization

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry Book
Author : Markus H.A. Piro
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-20
ISBN : 008102651X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry presents a high-level description of nuclear fuel chemistry based on the most recent research and advances. Dr. Markus H.A. Piro and his team of global, expert contributors cover all aspects of both the conventional uranium-based nuclear fuel cycle and non-conventional fuel cycles, including mining, refining, fabrication, and long-term storage, as well as emerging nuclear technologies, such as accident tolerant fuels and molten salt materials. Aimed at graduate students, researchers, academics and practicing engineers and regulators, this book will provide the reader with a single reference from which to learn the fundamentals of classical thermodynamics and radiochemistry. Consolidates the latest research on nuclear fuel chemistry into one comprehensive reference, covering all aspects of traditional and non-traditional nuclear fuel cycles Includes contributions from world-renowned experts from many countries representing government, industry and academia Covers a variety of fuel designs, including conventional uranium dioxide, mixed oxides, research reactor fuels, and molten salt fuels Written by experts with hands-on experience in the development of such designs

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Pascal Yvon
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-27
ISBN : 0081009127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Operating at a high level of fuel efficiency, safety, proliferation-resistance, sustainability and cost, generation IV nuclear reactors promise enhanced features to an energy resource which is already seen as an outstanding source of reliable base load power. The performance and reliability of materials when subjected to the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors are essential areas of study, as key considerations for the successful development of generation IV reactors are suitable structural materials for both in-core and out-of-core applications. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors explores the current state-of-the art in these areas. Part One reviews the materials, requirements and challenges in generation IV systems. Part Two presents the core materials with chapters on irradiation resistant austenitic steels, ODS/FM steels and refractory metals amongst others. Part Three looks at out-of-core materials. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors is an essential reference text for professional scientists, engineers and postgraduate researchers involved in the development of generation IV nuclear reactors. Introduces the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors and implications for structural materials Contains chapters on the key core and out-of-core materials, from steels to advanced micro-laminates Written by an expert in that particular area

Molten Salts Chemistry and Technology

Molten Salts Chemistry and Technology Book
Author : Marcelle Gaune-Escard,Geir Martin Haarberg
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-05-12
ISBN : 1118448820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written to record and report on recent research progresses in the field of molten salts, Molten Salts Chemistry and Technology focuses on molten salts and ionic liquids for sustainable supply and application of materials. Including coverage of molten salt reactors, electrodeposition, aluminium electrolysis, electrochemistry, and electrowinning, the text provides researchers and postgraduate students with applications include energy conversion (solar cells and fuel cells), heat storage, green solvents, metallurgy, nuclear industry, pharmaceutics and biotechnology.

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment Book
Author : Jyeshtharaj Joshi,Arun K. Nayak
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-06-09
ISBN : 0081023383
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment presents the latest computational fluid dynamic technologies. It includes an evaluation of safety systems for reactors using CFD and their design, the modeling of Severe Accident Phenomena Using CFD, Model Development for Two-phase Flows, and Applications for Sodium and Molten Salt Reactor Designs. Editors Joshi and Nayak have an invaluable wealth of experience that enables them to comment on the development of CFD models, the technologies currently in practice, and the future of CFD in nuclear reactors. Readers will find a thematic discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of Gen II to Gen IV reactor concepts that will help them develop cost reduction strategies for nuclear power plants. Presents a thematic and comprehensive discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of nuclear reactors Provides an historical review of the development of CFD models, discusses state-of-the-art concepts, and takes an applied and analytic look toward the future Includes CFD tools and simulations to advise and guide the reader through enhancing cost effectiveness, safety and performance optimization

Molten Salt Reactors

Molten Salt Reactors Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Molten Salt Reactors book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fluid Fuel Reactors

Fluid Fuel Reactors Book
Author : H. G. MacPherson,James A. Lane,Frank Maslan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1958
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fluid Fuel Reactors book written by H. G. MacPherson,James A. Lane,Frank Maslan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Global Progress on Molten Salt Reactors

Global Progress on Molten Salt Reactors Book
Author : Thomas James Dolan,John Kutsch
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2023-05-01
ISBN : 9780323991292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global Case Studies on Molten Salt Reactors: A Companion to Dolan's Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy, Second Edition presents global perspectives on the latest research and technological advances. Each case study utilizes a comprehensive template that guides the reader through country specific research. Useful data which can be applied to work and research is included, along with a list of references for further research. Researchers, professional engineers and policymakers will gain a broad picture of worldwide MSR activity and a deep understanding of how theory and practical guidance is applied in a variety of settings, including budgets, approaches and constraints.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy Research Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

ERDA Research Abstracts

ERDA Research Abstracts Book
Author : United States. Energy Research and Development Administration
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download ERDA Research Abstracts book written by United States. Energy Research and Development Administration, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : United States. Energy Research and Development Administration
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download ERDA Energy Research Abstracts book written by United States. Energy Research and Development Administration, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1975-12
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nuclear Science Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thermodynamics In Nuclear Power Plant Systems

Thermodynamics In Nuclear Power Plant Systems Book
Author : Bahman Zohuri,Patrick McDaniel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-20
ISBN : 3319134191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics required to understand electrical power generation systems, honing in on the application of these principles to nuclear reactor power systems. It includes all the necessary information regarding the fundamental laws to gain a complete understanding and apply them specifically to the challenges of operating nuclear plants. Beginning with definitions of thermodynamic variables such as temperature, pressure and specific volume, the book then explains the laws in detail, focusing on pivotal concepts such as enthalpy and entropy, irreversibility, availability, and Maxwell relations. Specific applications of the fundamentals to Brayton and Rankine cycles for power generation are considered in-depth, in support of the book’s core goal- providing an examination of how the thermodynamic principles are applied to the design, operation and safety analysis of current and projected reactor systems. Detailed appendices cover metric and English system units and conversions, detailed steam and gas tables, heat transfer properties, and nuclear reactor system descriptions.

Nuclear Hydrogen Production Handbook

Nuclear Hydrogen Production Handbook Book
Author : Xing L. Yan,Ryutaro Hino
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439810842
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by two leading researchers from the world-renowned Japan Atomic Energy Agency, the Nuclear Hydrogen Production Handbook is an unrivalled overview of current and future prospects for the effective production of hydrogen via nuclear energy. Combining information from scholarly analyses, industrial data, references, and other resources, this h