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Advances In Marine Antifouling Coatings And Technologies

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Advances in Marine Antifouling Coatings and Technologies

Advances in Marine Antifouling Coatings and Technologies Book
Author : Claire Hellio,Diego Yebra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-05-22
ISBN : 184569631X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine biofouling can be defined as the undesirable accumulation of microorganisms, algae and animals on structures submerged in seawater. From the dawn of navigation, marine biofouling has been a major problem for shipping in such areas as reduced speed, higher fuel consumption and increased corrosion. It also affects industries using off-shore structures such as oil and gas production and aquaculture. Growing concerns about the environmental impact of antifouling coatings has led to major new research to develop more environmentally-friendly alternatives. Advances in marine antifouling coatings and technologies summaries this wealth of research and its practical implications. This book is divided into four sub-sections which discuss: marine fouling organisms and their impact, testing and development of antifouling coatings, developments in chemically-active marine antifouling technologies, and new surface approaches to the control of marine biofouling. It provides an authoritative overview of the recent advances in understanding the biology of fouling organisms, the latest developments on antifouling screening techniques both in the field and in the laboratory, research on safer active compounds and the progress on nontoxic coatings with tailor-made surface properties. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Advances in marine antifouling coatings and technologies is a standard reference for manufacturers of marine antifouling solutions, the shipping industry, oil and gas producers, aquaculture and other industries using offshore structures, and academics researching this important area. Assesses marine antifouling organisms and their impact, including a historical review and directions for future research Discusses developments in antifouling coatings examining chemically-active and new surface approaches Reviews the environmentally friendly alternative of safer active compounds and the progress of non-toxic compounds

Biology and Management of Invasive Quagga and Zebra Mussels in the Western United States

Biology and Management of Invasive Quagga and Zebra Mussels in the Western United States Book
Author : Wai Hing Wong,Shawn L. Gerstenberger
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-05-07
ISBN : 1466595620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biology and Management of Invasive Quagga and Zebra Mussels in the Western United States is a synthesis of the biology and management of invasive mussels from scientists and managers working on invasive quagga and zebra mussels in the western United States. Invasive dreissenid mussels have spread throughout southwestern United States at unprecedented speeds, and present a unique threat to native ecosystems. This book documents the efforts, both successful and unsuccessful, of individuals and agencies after dreissenid mussels invaded the West. Although the book is designed specifically for scientists and managers fighting invasive mussels in western waterbodies, it offers an opportunity for scientists and lake managers worldwide to compare successful strategies relevant to their unique situation. It includes guidance documents and protocols related to early detection, prevention, regulation, monitoring, and control of these invasive pests in the West. It compares quagga and zebra mussels in the western United States with those mussels colonizing the Great Lakes and European waters.

Smart Composite Coatings and Membranes

Smart Composite Coatings and Membranes Book
Author : Maria Fatima Montemor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-11-09
ISBN : 1782422951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Composite Coatings and Membranes: Transport, Structural, Environmental and Energy Applications provides the latest information on the increase in demand for new smart materials for a wide array of different technological applications. The book comprehensively reviews the latest developments in smart composite materials used as membranes, barriers, and coatings, with a special focus on corrosion protection, transportation, structure, and the wide range of applications. Part one examines the properties, processing, and manufacture of smart composite materials, along with techniques for modeling the behavior of these materials, while other sections review the use of smart composite coatings in aerospace, marine, and metal structural applications, examine the protective properties and applications of smart composite coatings, and introduce specific low environmental impact and energy efficient applications, such as energy generation and storage, water management, and stone conservation. Explores the use of smart composite materials for coatings, barriers and membranes Comprehensively reviews the latest developments in smart composite materials, with a special focus on corrosion protection, transportation, structure, and the wide range of applications Examines the properties, processing, manufacture and behavior modeling of smart composite materials Focuses on applications that have an impact on more effective energy savings and efficiency, green-house emissions, and environmental protection

Advances in Contact Angle Wettability and Adhesion

Advances in Contact Angle  Wettability and Adhesion Book
Author : K. L. Mittal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-02-26
ISBN : 1119459958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the third Volume in the series “Advances in Contact Angle, Wettability and Adhesion” initiated to consolidate information and provide commentary on certain recent research aspects dealing with this important topic. Its predecessor Volumes 1 and 2 were published in 2013 and 2015, respectively. This new book comprising 15 research and review articles is divided into four parts: Part 1: Contact Angle Measurement and Analysis; Part 2: Wettability Behavior; Part 3: Hydrophobic/Superhydrophobic Surfaces; Part 4: Wettability, Surface Free Energy and Adhesion. The topics covered include: O Procedure to measure and analyse contact angles/drop shape behaviors. O Contact angle measurement considering spreading, evaporation and reactive substrate. O Measurement of contact angle of a liquid on a substrate of the same liquid. O Evolution of the axisymmetric droplet shape parameters. O Interfacial modulus of a solid surface. O Functionalization of textiles using UV-based techniques for surface modification—patterned wetting behavior. O Wettability behavior of oleophilic and oleophobic nanorough surfaces. O Wettability behavior of nanofluids. O Dielectrowetting for digital microfluidics. O Hydrophobicity and superhydrophobicity in fouling prevention. O Superhydrophobic/superhydrophilic hybrid surface. O Laser material processing for enhancing stem cell growth. O Wettability correlation for bioadhesion to different materials. O Determination of the surface free energy of solid surfaces: statistical consideration. O Determination of apparent surface free energy using hysteresis approach.

Sulfur Containing Marine Bioactives

Sulfur Containing Marine Bioactives Book
Author : Anna Palumbo
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-03-24
ISBN : 3036504907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sulfur is an essential element for all living organisms and is required by algae, plants, fungi, animals, and humans for growth and development. It is present in a variety of biomolecules involved in many biological functions, including the maintenance of cell redox homeostasis, defense, and detoxifying processes. The alteration of sulfur compound metabolism may lead to human diseases as well as to plant and animal pathologies. The marine environment, which is characterized by a high biodiversity of species and a great chemical diversity, represents a great potential source of bioactive sulfur molecules. A broad range of biologically active sulfur compounds with unique structures and pharmacological properties have been reported to occur in marine organisms, from amino acids to different sulfated derivatives. Great attention is also focused on sulfur metabolites in the marine microbial world in relation to the global sulfur cycle. The aim of this Special Issue is to present existing knowledge and recent studies on sulfur-containing marine bioactive compounds in different biological systems. Attention is also focused on metabolites active at the ecological level.

Active Coatings for Smart Textiles

Active Coatings for Smart Textiles Book
Author : Jinlian Hu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-04-06
ISBN : 0081002653
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Active Coatings for Smart Textiles presents the latest information on active materials and their application to textiles in the form of coatings and finishes for the purpose of improving performance and creating active functional effects. This important book provides detailed coverage of smart coating types, processes, and applications. After an introduction to the topic, Part One introduces various types of smart and active coatings, including memory polymer coatings, durable and self-cleaning coatings, and breathable coatings. Technologies and related processes for the application of coatings to textiles is the focus of Part Two, with chapters devoted to microencapsulation technology, plasma surface treatments, and nanotechnology-based treatments. The book ends with a section on applications of smart textiles with responsive coatings, which are increasingly finding commercial niches in sportswear, protective clothing, medical textiles, and architecture. Introduces various types of smart and active coatings for textiles Covers technologies and application processes for the coating and finishing of textiles Reviews commercial applications of such coatings, including in sportswear, protective clothing, medical textiles and architecture

Anionic Polymerization

Anionic Polymerization Book
Author : Nikos Hadjichristidis,Akira Hirao
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-09-01
ISBN : 4431541861
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents these important facts: a) The mechanism of anionic polymerization, a more than 50-year challenge in polymer chemistry, has now become better understood; b) Precise synthesis of many polymers with novel architectures (triblock, multi-block, graft, exact graft, comb, cyclic, many armed stars with multi-components, dendrimer-like hyper-branched, and their structural mixed (co)polymers, etc.) have been advanced significantly; c) Based on such polymers, new morphological and self-organizing nano-objects and supra molecular assemblies have been created and widely studied and are considered nanodevices in the fields of nano science and technology; d) New high-tech and industrial applications for polymeric materials synthesized by anionic polymerization have been proposed. These remarkable developments have taken place in the last 15 years. Anionic polymerization continues to be the only truly living polymerization system (100 % termination free under appropriate conditions) and consequently the only one with unique capabilities in the synthesis of well-defined (i.e., precisely controlled molecular weight, nearly mono-disperse molecular weight distribution, structural and compositional homogeneity) complex macromolecular architectures. This book, with contributions from the world’s leading specialists, will be useful for all researchers, including students, working in universities, in research organizations, and in industry.

Industrial Polymer Applications

Industrial Polymer Applications Book
Author : William R Ashcroft
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2019-03-07
ISBN : 1788018117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Industrial Polymer Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the diverse properties and applications of thermoset and thermoplastic polymer technologies used routinely in the modification, protection, repair, restoration and bonding of the main classes of industrial engineering materials such as concrete, masonry, wood, metal, rubber, plastic, glass and advanced ceramics. The Author, with extensive industrial experience in the design and development of polymeric adhesives, composites, concrete repair and industrial coatings materials, provides a balanced perspective of the essential chemistries and technologies for each of the relevant polymeric solutions. This book includes explanations as to why polymers are needed and the specific problems and key industrial application challenges that can be overcome for each class of engineering material. The use of supplementary information boxes, suggestions for further reading, and supportive appendices including worked examples delivers an easy to understand guide of relevant industrial applications of polymers. Written in an accessible way, the book provides a supplementary text for undergraduates, postgraduates and industrialists who have studied or are involved in chemistry, polymer chemistry, industrial chemistry, materials science, chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering or corrosion engineering, science and technology.

BASF Handbook Basics of Coating Technology

BASF Handbook Basics of Coating Technology Book
Author : Hans-Joachim Streitberger,Artur Goldschmidt
Publisher : European Coatings
Release : 2018-02-28
ISBN : 386630336X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The industry’s most comprehensive handbook - now available in its 3rd edition: the BASF Handbook covers the entire spectrum from coatings formulation and relevant production processes through to practical application aspects. It takes a journey through the industry’s various sectors, placing special emphasis on automotive coating and industrial coating in general. The new edition has been completely updated, featuring several new sections on nanoproducts, low-emissions, biobased materials, wind turbine coating, and smart coatings.

Biocidal Polymers

Biocidal Polymers Book
Author : Narendra Pal Singh Chauhan
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2019-10-21
ISBN : 3110638630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biocidal polymers are designed to inhibit or kill microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and protozoans. This book summarizes recent findings in the synthesis, modification and characterization of various antimicrobial polymers ranging from plastics and elastomers to biomimetic and biodegradable polymers. Modifications with different antimicrobial agents as well as antimicrobial testing methods are described in a comprehensive manner.

Biological Diversity

Biological Diversity Book
Author : Paul E. Hatcher,Nick Battey
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-23
ISBN : 0470979860
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological Diversity takes a fresh, innovative approach to the teaching of biodiversity. Rather than detailing and cataloguing the major taxa and their evolutionary relationships, the authors have selected 18 groups of organisms and used these as a framework in which to discuss the species and their interactions with man and each other. There is a strong narrative theme throughout – the exploited and the exploiters - and, in many cases, there is emphasis on the historical context. A wide range of organisms are covered, from the unicellular to birds and mammals and with an equal consideration of plants and animals. Species have been chosen for their ability to best illustrate particular biological principles, and for their strong interaction with other species. After an introduction the book is divided into two parts: ‘Exploited’ and ‘Exploiters’. Each of the chapters, although linked to each other, forms a stand-alone essay. They are scientifically rigorous, up-to-date and do not shy away from addressing some controversial issues. Chapters have’ text boxes’ highlighting important issues and concepts, lists of further reading and references. In addition to tables and figures the book has a selection of original illustrations drawn by leading artist Steven Appleby. This fresh approach will appeal to all those interested in the biological sciences, and aims to be accessible to people with a diversity of backgrounds. It will prove particularly useful to biology students, enabling them to get to grips with important biological principles and concepts that underpin the diversity of life, and the interrelationship of humans with other groups of organisms.

Environment and Sustainable Development

Environment and Sustainable Development Book
Author : M.H. Fulekar,Bhawana Pathak,R K Kale
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-04
ISBN : 8132211669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global society in the 21st century is facing challenges of improving the quality of air, water, soil and the environment and maintaining the ecological balance. Environmental pollution, thus, has become a major global concern. The modern growth of industrialization, urbanization, modern agricultural development and energy generation has resulted in the indiscriminate exploitation of natural resources for fulfilling human desires and needs, which has contributed in disturbing the ecological balance on which the quality of our environment depends. Human beings, in the truest sense, are the product of their environment. The man-environment relationship indicates that pollution and deterioration of the environment have a social origin. The modern technological advancements in chemical processes/operations have generated new products, resulting in new pollutants in such abundant levels that they are above the self-cleaning capacity of the environment. One of the major issues in recent times is the threat tohuman lives due to the progressive deterioration of the environment from various sources. The impact of the pollutants on the environment will be significant when the accumulated pollutants load will exceed the carrying capacity of the receiving environment. Sustainable development envisages the use of natural resources, such as forests, land, water and fisheries, in a sustainable manner without causing changes in our natural world. The Rio de Janeiro-Earth Summit, held in Brazil in 1992, focused on sustainable development to encourage respect and concern for the use of natural resources in a sustainable manner for the protection of the environment. This book will be beneficial as a source of educational material to post-graduate research scholars, teachers and industrial personnel for maintaining the balance in the use of natural sources for sustainable development.

Advances in Powder Metallurgy

Advances in Powder Metallurgy Book
Author : Isaac Chang,Yuyuan Zhao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-08-31
ISBN : 085709890X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Powder metallurgy (PM) is a popular metal forming technology used to produce dense and precision components. Different powder and component forming routes can be used to create an end product with specific properties for a particular application or industry. Advances in powder metallurgy explores a range of materials and techniques used for powder metallurgy and the use of this technology across a variety of application areas. Part one discusses the forming and shaping of metal powders and includes chapters on atomisation techniques, electrolysis and plasma synthesis of metallic nanopowders. Part two goes on to highlight specific materials and their properties including advanced powdered steel alloys, porous metals and titanium alloys. Part three reviews the manufacture and densification of PM components and explores joining techniques, process optimisation in powder component manufacturing and non-destructive evaluation of PM parts. Finally, part four focusses on the applications of PM in the automotive industry and the use of PM in the production of cutting tools and biomaterials. Advances in powder metallurgy is a standard reference for structural engineers and component manufacturers in the metal forming industry, professionals working in industries that use PM components and academics with a research interest in the field. Discusses the forming and shaping of metal powders and includes chapters on atomisation techniques Highlights specific materials and their properties including advanced powdered steel alloys, porous metals and titanium alloys Reviews the manufacture and densification of PM components and explores joining techniques

Engineering Failure Analysis

Engineering Failure Analysis Book
Author : Kary Thanapalan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-05-06
ISBN : 178985945X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chapter contents include information on: Stress analysis – strengths and limitations of traditional theoretical approaches to FRP laminate design against failure; stress corrosion cracking behavior of materials; failure analysis and durability issues.

Studies in Natural Products Chemistry

Studies in Natural Products Chemistry Book
Author : Atta-ur-Rahman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-08-21
ISBN : 0128194847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural products in the plant and animal kingdom offer a huge diversity of chemical structures that are the result of biosynthetic processes that have been modulated over the millennia through genetic effects. With the rapid developments in spectroscopic techniques and accompanying advances in high-throughput screening techniques, it has become possible to isolate and then determine the structures and biological activity of natural products rapidly, thus opening up exciting opportunities in the field of new drug development to the pharmaceutical industry. Studies in Natural Products Chemistry covers the synthesis or testing and recording of the medicinal properties of natural products, providing cutting edge accounts of the fascinating developments in the isolation, structure elucidation, synthesis, biosynthesis and pharmacology of a diverse array of bioactive natural products. Focuses on the chemistry of bioactive natural products Contains contributions by leading authorities in the field Presents sources of new pharmacophores

Environmental Impact of Ships

Environmental Impact of Ships Book
Author : Stephen de Mora,Timothy Fileman,Thomas Vance
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-09-30
ISBN : 1108422373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive, global review of the impact ships have on the environment, covering pollutant discharges, non-pollutant impacts and international legislation.

Functional Polymer Coatings

Functional Polymer Coatings Book
Author : Limin Wu,Jamil Baghdachi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-06-15
ISBN : 1118510704
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing on a variety of coatings, this book provides detailed discussion on preparation, novel techniques, recent developments, and design theories to present the advantages of each function and provide the tools for better product performance and properties. • Presents advantages and benefits of properties and applications of the novel coating types • Includes chapters on specific and novel coatings, like nanocomposite, surface wettability tunable, stimuli-responsive, anti-fouling, antibacterial, self-healing, and structural coloring • Provides detailed discussion on recent developments in the field as well as current and future perspectives • Acts as a guide for polymer and materials researchers in optimizing polymer coating properties and increasing product performance

Formation and Control of Biofilm in Various Environments

Formation and Control of Biofilm in Various Environments Book
Author : Hideyuki Kanematsu,Dana M. Barry
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-25
ISBN : 9811522405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides excellent techniques for detecting and evaluating biofilms: sticky films on materials that are formed by bacterial activity and produce a range of industrial and medical problems such as corrosion, sanitary problems, and infections. Accordingly, it is essential to control biofilms and to establish appropriate countermeasures, from both industrial and medical viewpoints. This book offers valuable, detailed information on these countermeasures. It also discusses the fundamentals of biofilms, relates various substrates to biofilms, and presents a variety of biofilm reactors. However, the most important feature of this book (unlike others on the market) is its clear focus on addressing the practical aspects from an engineering viewpoint. Therefore, it offers an excellent practical guide for engineers and researchers in various fields, and can also be used as a great academic textbook.

Superhydrophobic Polymer Coatings

Superhydrophobic Polymer Coatings Book
Author : Sushanta Samal,Smita Mohanty,Sanjay Kumar Nayak
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-21
ISBN : 0128172835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Superhydrophobic Polymer Coatings: Fundamentals, Design, Fabrication, and Applications offers a comprehensive overview of the preparation and applications of polymer coatings with superhydrophobicity, guiding the reader through advanced techniques and scientific principles. Sections present detailed information on the fundamental theories and methods behind the preparation of superhydrophobic polymer coatings and demonstrate the current and potential applications of these materials, covering a range of novel and marketable uses across industry, including coatings with properties such as foul resistance and self-cleaning, anti-icing and ice-release, corrosion inhibition, antibacterial, anti-reflection, slip and drag reduction, oil-water separation, and advanced medical applications. This book is a highly valuable resource for academic researchers, scientists and advanced students working on polymer coatings or polymer surface modifications, as well as professionals across polymer science, polymer chemistry, plastics engineering, and materials science. The detailed information in this book will also be of great interest to scientists, R&D professionals, product designers and engineers who are looking to develop products with superhydrophobic coatings. Presents in-depth information on the advanced methods required in the preparation of superhydrophobic polymer coatings Covers the latest advances in the design of polymer coatings with superhydrophobic properties, including nanofabrication Explains cutting-edge industrial and medical applications, including self-cleaning coatings, corrosion inhibition, anti-icing and ice-release, and oil-water separation

Marine Macrophytes as Foundation Species

Marine Macrophytes as Foundation Species Book
Author : Emil Olafsson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-25
ISBN : 1315353636
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine macrophytes (macroalgae, seagrasses, and mangroves) comprise thousands of species distributed in shallow water areas along the world’s coastlines. They play a key role in marine ecosystems regarding biodiversity and energy flow. A large proportion of macrophyte species can be characterised as ecosystem engineers—organisms that directly or indirectly affect the availability of resources to other species by modifying, maintaining, and creating habitats. This book is divided into three main themes: • Marine macroalgae and seagrasses as sources of biodiversity gives an overview of the diversity of the main organisms associated with macrophytes, and their functional role and interactions within their hosts. • Primary and secondary production of Macrophytes synthesizes research on food web structures derived from/or associated with, macrophytes and the transfer of macrophytic primary and secondary production from one ecosystem to another. • Threats to macrophytic ecosystem engineers addresses human-induced effects including eutrophication, physical destruction, invasive species, and global warming. The book is among the first one to concentrate on the value of macrophytes for the well-being of marine habitats. The book is aimed at academics but may be useful for students, policy makers, and laymen alike.