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Advances In Filament Yarn Spinning Of Textiles And Polymers

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Advances in Filament Yarn Spinning of Textiles and Polymers

Advances in Filament Yarn Spinning of Textiles and Polymers Book
Author : Dong Zhang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-02-15
ISBN : 0857099175
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Filament Yarn Spinning of Textiles and Polymers reviews the different types of spinning techniques for synthetic polymer-based fibers, and issues such as their effect on fiber properties, including melt, dry, wet, and gel spinning. Synthetic polymer-based fibers are used in a great variety of consumer and industrial textile applications ranging from clothing to home furnishings to surgical procedures. This book explores how a wide array of spinning techniques can be applied in the textile industry. Part one considers the fundamental structure and properties of fibers that determine their behavior during spinning. The book then discusses developments in technologies for manufacturing synthetic polymer films to produce different fibers with specialized properties. Part two focuses on spinning techniques, including the benefits and limitations of melt spinning and the use of gel spinning to produce high-strength and high-elastic fibers. These chapters focus specifically on developments in bi-component, bi-constituent, and electro-spinning, in particular the fabrication of nanocomposite fibers. The final chapters review integrated composite spinning of yarns and the principles of wet and dry spinning. This collection is an important reference for a wide range of industrial textile technologists, including spinners, fabric and garment manufacturers, and students of textile technology. It is also of great interest for polymer scientists. Reviews the different spinning techniques and issues such as their effect on fiber properties, including melt, dry, wet, and gel spinning Considers the fundamental structure and properties of fibers that determine their behavior during spinning Reviews integrated composite spinning of yarns and the principles of wet and dry spinning

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration Book
Author : Stephen M. Burkinshaw,Andrew Filarowski
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-02-08
ISBN : 1118725697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The production of textile materials comprises a very large and complex global industry that utilises a diverse range of fibre types and creates a variety of textile products. As the great majority of such products are coloured, predominantly using aqueous dyeing processes, the coloration of textiles is a large-scale global business in which complex procedures are used to apply different types of dye to the various types of textile material. The development of such dyeing processes is the result of substantial research activity, undertaken over many decades, into the physico-chemical aspects of dye adsorption and the establishment of ‘dyeing theory’, which seeks to describe the mechanism by which dyes interact with textile fibres. Physico-Chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration provides a comprehensive treatment of the physical chemistry involved in the dyeing of the major types of natural, man-made and synthetic fibres with the principal types of dye. The book covers: fundamental aspects of the physical and chemical structure of both fibres and dyes, together with the structure and properties of water, in relation to dyeing; dyeing as an area of study as well as the terminology employed in dyeing technology and science; contemporary views of intermolecular forces and the nature of the interactions that can occur between dyes and fibres at a molecular level; fundamental principles involved in dyeing theory, as represented by the thermodynamics and kinetics of dye sorption; detailed accounts of the mechanism of dyeing that applies to cotton (and other cellulosic fibres), polyester, polyamide, wool, polyacrylonitrile and silk fibres; non-aqueous dyeing, as represented by the use of air, organic solvents and supercritical CO2 fluid as alternatives to water as application medium. The up-to-date text is supported by a large number of tables, figures and illustrations as well as footnotes and widespread use of references to published work. The book is essential reading for students, teachers, researchers and professionals involved in textile coloration.

Auxetic Textiles

Auxetic Textiles Book
Author : Hong Hu,Minglonghai Zhang,Yanping Liu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-07-11
ISBN : 0081022123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Auxetic Textiles provides a detailed introduction to the basic properties of auxetic materials and how they differ from conventional materials, particularly auxetic textiles, such as polymers, fibers, yarns, fabrics and textile composites. The book discusses the beneficial properties of auxetic structures in textiles and how to translate those benefits into actual materials development. Sections cover the deformation mechanism of textile structures to achieve auxetic behavior and the modelling and simulation of auxetic textile structures. Finally, the book provides expert insights into potential application areas. Cutting across textiles disciplines, from technical textiles and advanced composites, to fashion and design, the book is a valuable introduction to the field for newcomers, with potent insights into the potential of these materials. Introduces the concept of auxetic materials and their differences from conventional materials Provides a practical guide to the mechanics of achieving auxetic properties in textile materials, including polymers, fibers, yarns, fabrics and composites Reviews and links up research and development in auxetic materials with the textile industry, helping enable the development of a range of new applications

Handbook of Fibrous Materials 2 Volumes

Handbook of Fibrous Materials  2 Volumes Book
Author : Jinlian Hu,Bipin Kumar,Jing Lu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-04-27
ISBN : 3527342206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edited by a leading expert in the field with contributions from experienced researchers in fibers and textiles, this handbook reviews the current state of fibrous materials and provides a broad overview of their use in research and development. Volume One focuses on the classes of fibers, their production and characterization, while the second volume concentrates on their applications, including emerging ones in the areas of energy, environmental science and healthcare. Unparalleled knowledge of high relevance to academia and industry.

Integrated and Hybrid Process Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Integrated and Hybrid Process Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Abdul Wahab Mohammad,Wei Lun Ang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-25
ISBN : 0128230568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tackling the issue of water and wastewater treatment nowadays requires novel approaches to ensure that sustainable development can be achieved. Water and wastewater treatment should not be seen only as an end-of-pipe solution but instead the approach should be more holistic and lead to a more sustainable process. This requires the integration of various methods/processes to obtain the most optimized design. Integrated and Hybrid Process Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment discusses the state-of-the-art development in integrated and hybrid treatment processes and their applications to the treatment of a vast variety of water and wastewater sources. The approaches taken in this book are categorized as (i) resources recovery and consumption, (ii) optimal performance, (iii) physical and environmental footprints, (iv) zero liquid discharge concept and are (v) regulation-driven. Through these categories, readers will see how such an approach could benefit the water and wastewater industry. Each chapter discusses challenges and prospects of an integrated treatment process in achieving sustainable development. This book serves as a platform to provide ideas and to bridge the gap between laboratory-scale research and practical industry application. Includes comprehensive coverage on integrated and hybrid technology for water and wastewater treatment Takes a new approach in looking at how water and wastewater treatment contributes to sustainable development Provides future direction of research in sustainable water and wastewater treatment

Advances in 3D Textiles

Advances in 3D Textiles Book
Author : Xiaogang Chen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-05-28
ISBN : 1782422196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in 3D Textiles presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications. The text covers a wide range of fabric types, including their structures, properties, and uses in the textiles industry. Beginning with the various types of woven three-dimensional fabrics, the text then examines 3-D knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main applications and uses of three-dimensional textiles. Presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications Examines many types of 3-D textiles, including knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main uses of three-dimensional textiles Covers their structures, properties, and uses within the textiles industry

Advances in Smart Medical Textiles

Advances in Smart Medical Textiles Book
Author : Lieva van Langenhove
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-12-02
ISBN : 1782424008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Smart Medical Textiles: Treatments and Health Monitoring provides comprehensive coverage on smart textiles, the emerging and important materials that are finding applications in the fields of medicine and healthcare. The book explores the range of smart textiles available for use in medicine and the transfer of these innovative technologies into medical applications. Early chapters survey various smart fibers, fabrics, and finishes, while subsequent sections focus on the role of smart textiles in treating patients, from wound care to rehabilitation, and the use of textile-based sensors and wearable electronics for monitoring patient health. Provides a comprehensive review of the materials used in smart medical textiles Analyzes the application of these textiles in medical treatments and sensors for health monitoring Covers the range of international research in the field and keeps focus on the needs of the textile industry

Cut Protective Textiles

Cut Protective Textiles Book
Author : Daniel Li
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-23
ISBN : 0128203919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cut Protective Textiles is a comprehensive guide to the background theory, industrial testing methods, regulations, applications and material characteristics important to those working with cut protective textiles. This book will help readers understand the pitfalls of assessing cut performance and how to translate that understanding into innovative concepts for their research or product development. Detailed coverage of the properties of cut resistant textiles includes information on fibers, yarns and fabrics, providing a valuable resource for a wide range of researchers and practitioners. The book's comparisons will help clear up confusion caused by different testing methods. Finally, the inclusion of methodologies for the creation of cut protective articles will help readers make full use of this book in a practical setting. Explains global testing standards in detail, also comparing their various strengths and weaknesses Provides cut resistance performance information for different materials Introduces the characteristics of the appropriate materials with supporting theory Draws on industry best practice to create a detailed guide to making cut resistant products

Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications 3 Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications  3 Volume Set Book
Author : Munmaya Mishra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-12-17
ISBN : 1351019414
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Undoubtedly the applications of polymers are rapidly evolving. Technology is continually changing and quickly advancing as polymers are needed to solve a variety of day-to-day challenges leading to improvements in quality of life. The Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications presents state-of-the-art research and development on the applications of polymers. This groundbreaking work provides important overviews to help stimulate further advancements in all areas of polymers. This comprehensive multi-volume reference includes articles contributed from a diverse and global team of renowned researchers. It offers a broad-based perspective on a multitude of topics in a variety of applications, as well as detailed research information, figures, tables, illustrations, and references. The encyclopedia provides introductions, classifications, properties, selection, types, technologies, shelf-life, recycling, testing and applications for each of the entries where applicable. It features critical content for both novices and experts including, engineers, scientists (polymer scientists, materials scientists, biomedical engineers, macromolecular chemists), researchers, and students, as well as interested readers in academia, industry, and research institutions.

Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers

Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers Book
Author : Michael Jaffe,Joseph D. Menczel
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-22
ISBN : 0081005814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers offers systematic and comprehensive coverage of the subject, from the principles of fiber structure and established TA methods, to advanced TA techniques and their application to high-performance fibers and textiles. Thermal analysis is a convenient method for assessing fiber and fabric performance as monitored under end-use relevant conditions. Expertise in this field requires knowledge of both TA methods and of fiber behavior, information that is brought together in this new volume. In recent years, thermal analysis has been applied to a variety of novel and high-performance fibers, such as Kevlar, Vectran, PBI, polyolefins, polypropylene, PAN and PVA, amongst others. TA techniques are also used in fiber identification, characterization and stability testing and may be combined with spectroscopic techniques to yield still more information about fiber properties. Includes chapters on novel and high-performance fibers that are used in assembling technical textiles Covers advanced TA methods, such as combined and modulated techniques Brings together focused information on TA for fibers and textiles that is not otherwise available in a single volume

Fibers for Technical Textiles

Fibers for Technical Textiles Book
Author : Sheraz Ahmad,Abher Rasheed,Yasir Nawab
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-21
ISBN : 3030492249
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the properties of fibres used in manufacturing technical textiles, highlighting the importance of material selection in terms of cost, end-user requirements and properties. It also discusses the classification of technical textiles, and describes the details of each category, such as the properties, applications, advantages and drawbacks. As such, it is a valuable resource for all those interested in advanced textiles.

Fibres to Smart Textiles

Fibres to Smart Textiles Book
Author : Asis Patnaik,Sweta Patnaik
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-08
ISBN : 042982193X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fibres to Smart Textiles: Advances in Manufacturing, Technologies, and Applications offers comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals and advances in the textile and clothing manufacturing sectors. It describes the basics of fibres, yarns, and fabrics and their end use in the latest developments and applications in the field and addresses environmental impacts from textile processes and how to minimize them. This book serves as a single comprehensive source discussing textile fibres, yarn formation, filament formation techniques, woven fabric formation, knitting technologies, nonwoven manufacturing technologies, braiding technologies, and dyeing, printing, and finishing processes. Testing of textile materials, environmental impacts of textile processes and use of CAD and CAM in designing textile products are also included. The book also discusses applications including textile composites and biocomposites, technical textiles, smart textiles, and nanotextiles. With chapters authored by textile experts, this practical book offers guidance to professionals in textile and clothing manufacturing and shows how to avoid potential pitfalls in product development.

Characterization of Polymers and Fibers

Characterization of Polymers and Fibers Book
Author : Mukesh Kumar Singh,Annika Singh
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-09-19
ISBN : 0128242396
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization of Polymers and Fibres addresses an integral part of fiber and polymer manufacturing processes that is crucial in helping manufacturers ensure that final products achieve intended specifications. The characterization of fiber and polymers is needed for attributes including molecular weight, morphology, dyeing behavior, tensile, optical and thermal behavior. This book covers a wide range of characterization techniques, including thermal, X-ray diffraction, solubility, tensile, optical, hygroscopic and particle size distribution. Introductions and definitions are provided where beneficial to make topics accessible to a broad range of readers in both academia and industry. Addressing advances from the fields of bioscience, polymer science, material science, and textile science, this book is wide in scope, drawing on the latest research to provide details of characterization techniques and equipment. Provides a thorough description of the material quality control process, including the latest industry practice Presents material characterization at all levels, from the atomic level to surface structure Covers technical advice on natural fiber characterization methods, including XRD, XPS, TGA, SEM, TEM, AFM, Contact angle, Particle size analysis, FTIR, and NMR

Advances in Technical Nonwovens

Advances in Technical Nonwovens Book
Author : George Kellie
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-05-17
ISBN : 0081005849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Technical Nonwovens presents the latest information on the nonwovens industry, a dynamic and fast-growing industry with recent technological innovations that are leading to the development of novel end-use applications. The book reviews key developments in technical nonwoven manufacturing, specialist materials, and applications, with Part One covering important developments in materials and manufacturing technologies, including chapters devoted to fibers for technical nonwovens, the use of green recycled and biopolymer materials, and the application of nanofibres. The testing of nonwoven properties and the specialist area of composite nonwovens are also reviewed, with Part Two offering a detailed and wide-ranging overview of the many applications of technical nonwovens that includes chapters on automotive textiles, filtration, energy applications, geo- and agrotextiles, construction, furnishing, packaging and medical and hygiene products. Provides systematic coverage of trends, developments, and new technology in the field of technical nonwovens Focuses on the needs of the nonwovens industry with a clear emphasis on applied technology Contains contributions from an international team of authors edited by an expert in the field Offers a detailed and wide-ranging overview of the many applications of technical nonwovens that includes chapters on automotive textiles, filtration, energy applications, geo- and agrotextiles, and more

Advances in Braiding Technology

Advances in Braiding Technology Book
Author : Yordan Kyosev
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-03-12
ISBN : 0081004265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Braiding is the process of interlacing three or more threads or yarns in a diagonal direction to the product axis in order to obtain thicker, wider or stronger textiles or, in the case of overbraiding, in order to cover a profile. Braids are becoming the reinforcement of choice in composite manufacturing, and have found a range of technical applications in fields including medicine, candles, transport and aerospace. Building on the information provided in Prof. Kyosev’s previous book, Braiding Technology for Textiles, this important title covers advanced technologies and new developments for the manufacture, applications and modelling of braided products. Part One covers the braiding of three-dimensional profiles, and includes a detailed overview of three-dimensional braiding technologies as well as chapters devoted to specific kinds of 3D braiding. Part Two addresses specialist braiding techniques and applications, and includes chapters reviewing the use of braids for medical textiles and candles. Part Three focuses on braiding techniques for ropes and Part Four reviews braiding for composites. The final part of the book considers modelling and simulation, and covers topics including overbraiding simulation, Finite Element Method (FEM) modelling and geometrical modelling. Covers advanced braiding techniques, technical applications, and modelling and simulation of braided textiles. Focused on the needs of the textile industry by offering suitable breadth and depth of coverage of a range of braiding manufacturing technology, applications and modelling techniques in a single volume. Written by an eminent team of authors, composed of leading scientists and developers in the field who have a wealth of relevant, first-hand experience in braiding, and edited by a high-profile editor who is an expert in his field.

Advances in Silk Science and Technology

Advances in Silk Science and Technology Book
Author : Arindam Basu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-04-30
ISBN : 1782423249
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The remarkable properties of silk fibres have gained them a prominent place in the field of technical textiles. Advances in Silk Science and Technology explores recent developments in silk processing, properties and applications. Techniques for manufacturing spider silk are also discussed and the current and future applications of this fibre are reviewed. Part One focuses on the properties and processing of silk from both silkworms and spiders. It addresses recent advances in our understanding of the properties of silk and offers systematic coverage of the processing of silk from spinning through to finishing, as well as an analysis of quality testing for silk fibres, yarns and fabrics. Part Two then addresses important applications of silk from silkworms and spiders, and includes chapters on the use of silk in polymer matrix composites and in different kinds of biomaterial. The book concludes with a chapter on developments in the use of silk waste. Reviews the properties of silk from both silkworms and spiders Offers systematic coverage of the processing of silk from spinning through to finishing Cover a range of applications, including on the use of silk in polymer matrix composites and in different kinds of biomaterial

Electronic Textiles

Electronic Textiles Book
Author : Tilak Dias
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-04-28
ISBN : 0081002238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The integration of electronics into textiles and clothing has opened up an array of functions beyond those of conventional textiles. These novel materials are beginning to find applications in commercial products, in fields such as communication, healthcare, protection and wearable technology. Electronic Textiles: Smart Fabrics and Wearable Technology opens with an initiation to the area from the editor, Tilak Dias. Part One introduces conductive fibres, carbon nano-tubes and polymer yarns. Part Two discusses techniques for integrating textiles and electronics, including the design of textile-based sensors and actuators, and energy harvesting methods. Finally, Part Three covers a range of electronic textile applications, from wearable electronics to technical textiles featuring expert chapters on embroidered antennas for communication systems and wearable sensors for athletes. Comprehensive overview of conductive fibres, yarns and fabrics for electronic textiles Expert analysis of textile-based sensors design, integration of micro-electronics with yarns and photovoltaic energy harvesting for intelligent textiles Detailed coverage of applications in electronic textiles, including werable sensors for athletes, embroidered antennas for communication and electronic textiles for military personnel

Advances in Women s Intimate Apparel Technology

Advances in Women   s Intimate Apparel Technology Book
Author : Yu Wing Man
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-04-18
ISBN : 1782423907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Women’s Intimate Apparel Technology discusses the design and manufacture of intimate apparel and how the industry is increasingly embracing novel materials, new technologies, and innovations in sizing and fit. The book reviews the ways in which new materials and methods are improving the range, function, and quality of intimate apparel, with particular focus on brassiere design. Part One introduces the advanced materials used for intimate apparel, including novel fabrics and dyes and finishes, along with materials for wiring and embellishments. Part Two discusses the role of seamless technology in intimate apparel production, covering lamination, moulding, and seamless knitting. Finally, Part Three reviews advances in design, fit, and performance. Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage on key trends in intimate apparel technology Presents chapters that follow a coherent sequence, beginning with advanced materials, then discussing new manufacturing techniques, and finishing with coverage of performance and fit“/li> Focuses on the needs of the apparel industry, covering materials, manufacturing, and design aspects Written by distinguished author and professor Winnie Yu who is the Director of the ACE Style Institute of Intimate Apparel at Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Ink Jet Textile Printing

Ink Jet Textile Printing Book
Author : Christina Cie
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-02-11
ISBN : 085709923X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the rapid expansion of ink jet printing, textile printing and allied industries need to understand the principles underpinning this technology and how it is currently being successfully implemented into textile products. Considering the evolution of new print processes, technological development often involves a balance of research across different disciplines. Translating across the divide between scientific research and real-world engagement with this technology, this comprehensive publication covers the basic principles of ink jet printing and how it can be applied to textiles and textile products. Each step of the ink jet printing process is covered, including textiles as a substrate, colour management, pre-treatments, print heads, inks and fixing processes. This book also considers the range of textile printing processes using ink jet technology, and discusses their subsequent impact on the textile designer, manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer and the environment. Covers the foundations and development of ink jet textile printing technology Discusses the steps of ink jet printing from colour management to fixing processes Analyses how ink jet printing has affected the textile industry

Textiles and Fashion

Textiles and Fashion Book
Author : Rose Sinclair
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-08
ISBN : 0857095617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This major textbook is designed for students studying textiles and fashion at higher and undergraduate level, as well as those needing a comprehensive and authoritative overview of textile materials and processes. The first part of the book reviews the main types of natural and synthetic fibres and their properties. Part two provides a systematic review of the key processes involved first in converting fibres into yarns and then transforming yarns into fabrics. Part three discusses the range of range of finishing techniques for fabrics. The final part of the book looks specifically at the transformation of fabric into apparel, from design and manufacture to marketing. With contributions from leading experts in their fields, this major book provides the definitive one-volume guide to textile manufacture. Provides comprehensive coverage of the types and properties of textile fibres to yarn and fabric manufacture, fabric finishing, apparel production and fashion Focused on the needs of college and undergraduate students studying textiles or fashion courses Each chapter ends with a summary to emphasise key points, a comprehensive self-review section, and project ideas are also provided