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Advances In Cell And Molecular Diagnostics

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Advances in Cell and Molecular Diagnostics

Advances in Cell and Molecular Diagnostics Book
Author : Pongali Raghavendra,Thammineni Pullaiah
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-04
ISBN : 9780128136799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Cell and Molecular Diagnostics brings the scientific advances in the translation and validation of cellular and molecular discoveries in medicine into the clinical diagnostic setting. It enumerates the description and application of technological advances in the field of cellular and molecular diagnostic medicine, providing an overview of specialized fields, such as biomarker, genetic marker, screening, DNA-profiling, NGS, cytogenetics, transcriptome, cancer biomarkers, prostate specific antigen, and biomarker toxicologies. In addition, it presents novel discoveries and clinical pathologic correlations, including studies in oncology, infectious diseases, inherited diseases, predisposition to disease, and the description or polymorphisms linked to disease states. This book is a valuable resource for oncologists, practitioners and several members of the biomedical field who are interested in understanding how to apply cutting-edge technologies into diagnostics and healthcare. Encompasses the current scientific advances in the translation and validation of cellular and molecular discoveries into the clinical diagnostic setting Explains the application of cellular and molecular diagnostics methodologies in clinical trials Focuses on translating preclinical tests to the bedside in order to help readers apply the most recent technologies to healthcare

Advances in Cell and Molecular Diagnostics

Advances in Cell and Molecular Diagnostics Book
Author : Pongali Raghavendra,Thammineni Pullaiah
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-10
ISBN : 0128136804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Cell and Molecular Diagnostics brings the scientific advances in the translation and validation of cellular and molecular discoveries in medicine into the clinical diagnostic setting. It enumerates the description and application of technological advances in the field of cellular and molecular diagnostic medicine, providing an overview of specialized fields, such as biomarker, genetic marker, screening, DNA-profiling, NGS, cytogenetics, transcriptome, cancer biomarkers, prostate specific antigen, and biomarker toxicologies. In addition, it presents novel discoveries and clinical pathologic correlations, including studies in oncology, infectious diseases, inherited diseases, predisposition to disease, and the description or polymorphisms linked to disease states. This book is a valuable resource for oncologists, practitioners and several members of the biomedical field who are interested in understanding how to apply cutting-edge technologies into diagnostics and healthcare. Encompasses the current scientific advances in the translation and validation of cellular and molecular discoveries into the clinical diagnostic setting Explains the application of cellular and molecular diagnostics methodologies in clinical trials Focuses on translating preclinical tests to the bedside in order to help readers apply the most recent technologies to healthcare

Recent Advances in Cell Biology of Acute Leukemia

Recent Advances in Cell Biology of Acute Leukemia Book
Author : Wolf-Dieter Ludwig,Eckhard Thiel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642848958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of new techniques such as immuno phenotyping, cytogenetic investigations and, more recently, molecular studies has considerably increased our diagnostic repertoire and broadened our ideas about the biology of acute leukemias. While immunophenotyping with mono clonal antibodies has yielded increased diagnostic precision and made it possible to develop a highly reproducible classification of acute leukemias based on cell-biological features, further insights have been gained into the patho genetic mechanisms involved in leukemogenesis by means of cytogenetic detection of acquired structural chromosomal abnormalities. Analysis of the leukemia-associated chromo somal breakpoints using molecular techniques can now pinpoint many genomic sites essential for normal develop ment and maturation of hematopoietic cells but functionally disrupted in leukemic cells. The main goal of the international workshop that we held in Berlin with a select group of scientists and clinicians involved in leukemia research was to describe the state of the art and new developments in the immunologic, cytogenetic, and molecular characterization of acute leukemias and to discuss the clinical importance of cell biological features. After introductory survey lectures dealing with the immunological and molecular-biological characteristics of normal vs. malignant lymphatic and myeloid progenitor cells, the workshop centered on con tributions characterizing the immunophenotype and both numerical and structural chromosomal abnormalities in acute leukemias.

Advances in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and Molecular Therapy

Advances in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and Molecular Therapy Book
Author : Rainer Haas,Ralf Kronenwett,Georg Sczakiel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-04-04
ISBN : 9783642468384
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Blood stem cell transplantation has become an established therapeutic option in the treatment of malignant diseases. At the same time molecular therapeutic approaches (i.e. gene therapy) are promising alternatives to the classical treatment of cancer. The proceedings give an overview of the biology of hematopoietic progenitor cells, peripheral stem cell transplantation in patients with hematological malignancies, recent developments in molecular diagnosis and gene therapeutic concepts, and show that successful future developments require cooperative research connecting basic science with clinical application.

Molecular Diagnosis and Targeting for Gynecologic Malignancy

Molecular Diagnosis and Targeting for Gynecologic Malignancy Book
Author : Seiji Isonishi,Yoshihiro Kikuchi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-03-06
ISBN : 9789813360129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the important developments in the field of cancer research, specifically uterine cervical/endometrial cancer and ovarian cancer. It highlights the recent advances in gynecologic cancer, such as next generation models of genetically engineered animal models or cancer cell lines, focusing on their significance for advancing our understanding of gynecologic cancer biology, prevention and treatment, and drug response and resistance. Cancer research in the area of gynecologic tumors has undergone an enormous transformation over the past decade, with a greater understanding of tumor biology, elucidation of novel targets for therapeutic intervention, and better recognition of genetic predisposition syndromes. At the same time, the recent advances in basic cancer research have provided key insights into all aspects of gynecologic cancer biology, including developmental pathways and the impact of lineage plasticity, understanding metastatic progression, uncovering the roles of the tumor microenvironment , exploring tumor evolution, and discovering new therapeutic approaches and mechanisms of drug sensitivity and adaptive response. Molecular Diagnosis and Targeting for Gynecologic Malignancy appeals to investigators, clinicians, residents and postdocs who are curious about new research on gynecologic malignancies. It not only presents basic and translational research, but also explores the generalizability of the evidence covering the interface between basic and clinical science. Furthermore, a number of the topics offer the basis for new ideas that have the potential to advance into the gynecologic malignancies. This book provides readers with state-of-the-art information that will help improve the lives of patients with these challenging diseases.

Principles of Molecular Diagnostics and Personalized Cancer Medicine

Principles of Molecular Diagnostics and Personalized Cancer Medicine Book
Author : Dongfeng Tan,Henry T. Lynch
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2012-12-07
ISBN : 1469820641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The role of molecular genetics in the treatment of malignancy continues to grow at an astonishing rate. Today’s subspecialized multidisciplinary approach to oncology has incorporated advances in targeted molecular therapy, prognosis, risk assessment, and prevention—all based at least in part on molecular diagnostics and imaging. Inside this cutting-edge resource, readers will explore broad, comprehensive perspectives on the current trends in molecular diagnosis of cancer and personalized cancer medicine. Authoritative discussions share insights from noted experts in cancer research, clinical trials, molecular diagnostics, personalized therapy, bioinformatics, and federal regulations. From the basic mechanisms of carcinogenesis to the most advanced molecular screening, staging, and treatment technologies, readers will discover clear and straightforward discussions directly relevant to patient diagnosis and care.

Fundamentals of Diagnostic Molecular Biology

Fundamentals of Diagnostic Molecular Biology Book
Author : Thirumalairaj Vinoth Kumar
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2015-05-13
ISBN : 9783659595790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in molecular and cell biology have provided us with an understanding of the mechanisms of disease at the molecular and genetic levels. Diagnostic Molecular Biology is a class of diagnostic tests that assess a person's health literally at a molecular level, detecting and measuring specific genetic sequences in DNA or RNA or the proteins they express. Molecular diagnostics identify gene, RNA, and protein variations that shed light on whether a specific person is predisposed to have a disease, whether they actually have a disease, or whether a certain treatment option is likely to be effective for a specific disease. Molecular diagnostic tests detect specific sequences in DNA or RNA that may or may not be associated with disease, including single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), deletions, rearrangements, insertions and others. These tests also can detect and quantify the presence of specific viruses, bacteria, or types of cells. It is a dynamic and transformative area of diagnostics that revolutionizes health care. It helps to uncover the underlying mechanisms of disease. It enables clinicians to care at an individual level and impede the practice of personalized medicine.

Molecular Diagnostics

Molecular Diagnostics Book
Author : William B. Coleman,Gregory J. Tsongalis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-18
ISBN : 1475725884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Notable practitioners describe how laboratory medicine is practiced today and illuminate how it will function tomorrow as the revolutionary advances afforded by molecular diagnostics become increasingly central to effective analysis. Proceeding from a discussion of elementary nucleic acid technology to a review of the more advanced techniques, the distinguished contributors lay the groundwork for a comprehensive understanding of their applications throughout clinical medicine. The result is a detailed description of those molecular technologies currently used in diagnostic laboratories, as well as those that seem particularly promising. Detailed discussions of specific clinical applications include those for cancer, hematological malignancies, cardiovascular disease, and neuromuscular, endocrine, and infectious diseases.

Molecular Diagnostics

Molecular Diagnostics Book
Author : Wayne W. Grody,Robert M. Nakamura,Frederick L. Kiechle,Charles Strom
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-11-06
ISBN : 9780080919041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in genomic and proteomic profiling of disease have transformed the field of molecular diagnostics, thus leading the way for a major revolution in clinical practice. While the range of tests for disease detection and staging is rapidly expanding, many physicians lack the knowledge required to determine which tests to order and how to interpret results. Molecular Diagnostics provides a complete guide to the use and interpretation of molecular testing in the clinical arena. No other available resource offers this emphasis, comprehensive scope, and practical utility in the clinical setting. Serves as the definitivereference for molecular pathologists worldwide Covers a variety of molecular techniques including next generation sequencing, tumor somatic cell genotyping, infectious and genetic disease tecting, and pharmacogenetics Discusses in the detail issues concerning quality assurance, regulation, ethics, and future directions for the science

Current Advances in Breast Cancer Research A Molecular Approach

Current Advances in Breast Cancer Research  A Molecular Approach Book
Author : Shankar Suman,Garima Suman,Sanjay Mishra
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2020-04-30
ISBN : 9811451427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Breast cancer is a recognized disease around the world with varying patient outcomes based on the type of breast cancer, access to healthcare and other factors. Survival rates for breast cancer are significantly lower in metastatic cases than localized cases. Early diagnosis and effective treatments for the efficient management of breast cancer are now in demand , as they help to prolong patient life. There have been many breakthrough developments in the molecular biology of breast cancer research in recent times. Advancements in diagnostic techniques (imaging and biomarker detection) for breast cancer have improved the screening of the disease and have improved patient outcomes. Despite these enhancements, the disease is still lethal for patients and the search for a cure requires a complete understanding of the disease. Current Advances in Breast Cancer Research: A Molecular Approach presents a comprehensive overview of current basic and translational research on the subject. The 14 chapters of the book give emphasis to current knowledge about breast cancer, ongoing challenges, and innovative research findings by different research groups. Readers will find detailed information about breast cancer biology, genetics, clinical diagnostics and treatments. Additional information for advanced readers in life sciences, such as techniques relevant to genomics (including genetic fingerprinting), proteomics, metabolomics and medicine (such as imaging and molecular diagnostics) is also provided. The combination of both basic and advanced information makes this book a useful reference to the student and researcher, alike, seeking an understanding about breast cancer at a molecular level.

Advances in Molecular Pathology E Book 2019

Advances in Molecular Pathology  E Book 2019 Book
Author : Gregory J. Tsongalis
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2019-11-06
ISBN : 0323709516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This issue of Advances in Molecular Pathology will provide a comprehensive review of the most current practices, trends, and developments in the field of Molecular Pathology. Publishing on an annual basis, the volume will be divided into 7 sections: Genetics, Hematopathology, Infectious Disease, Pharmacogenomics, Informatics, Solid tumors, and Identity/HLA. Led by Dr. Gregory Tsongalis of Dartmouth University, a team of experienced pathologists from institutions across the country oversee annual topic and expert author selection.

Single Cell Omics

Single Cell Omics Book
Author : Debmalya Barh,Vasco Azevedo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-06
ISBN : 0128149205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Single-Cell Omics: Volume 1: Technological Advances and Applications provides the latest technological developments and applications of single-cell technologies in the field of biomedicine. In the current era of precision medicine, the single-cell omics technology is highly promising due to its potential in diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutics. Sections in the book cover single-cell omics research and applications, diverse technologies applied in the topic, such as pangenomics, metabolomics, and multi-omics of single cells, data analysis, and several applications of single-cell omics within the biomedical field, for example in cancer, metabolic and neuro diseases, immunology, pharmacogenomics, personalized medicine and reproductive health. This book is a valuable source for bioinformaticians, molecular diagnostic researchers, clinicians and members of the biomedical field who are interested in understanding more about single-cell omics and its potential for research and diagnosis. Covers not only the technological aspects, but also the diverse applications of single cell omics in the biomedical field Summarizes the latest progress in single cell omics and discusses potential future developments for research and diagnosis Written by experts across the world, bringing different points-of-view and case studies to give a comprehensive overview on the topic

Molecular Biology in Cellular Pathology

Molecular Biology in Cellular Pathology Book
Author : John Crocker,Paul G. Murray
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2003-09-12
ISBN : 0470864982
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The latest edition of this highly successful text, covers the major advances in the methods used in cellular and molecular pathology. In recent years, knowledge of the molecular organization of the cell has led to the development of powerful new techniques that bring greater accuracy and objectives to the diagnosis, prognosis and management of many diseases and to the study of pathological states. This book describes the latest molecular techniques available for the analysis of diseases. In particular it includes new techniques using fluorescent dyes, DNA microarrays, protein chemistry, and mass spectrometry. It also incorporates information from the Human Genome Project, and the new disciplines of genomics and proteomics, where relevant to pathology. Color plates are a new feature of this edition, illustrating the advances in fluorescence labeling of cells.

Morphology Methods

Morphology Methods Book
Author : Ricardo V. Lloyd
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-06-15
ISBN : 1592591906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The past several decades have witnessed an impressive array of conceptual and techno logical advances in the biomedical sciences. Much of the progress in this area has developed directly as a result of new morphology-based methods that have permitted the assessment of chemical, enzymatic, immunological, and molecular parameters at the cellular and tissue levels. Additional novel approaches including laser capture microdissection have also emerged for the acquisition of homogeneous cell popula tions for molecular analyses. These methodologies have literally reshaped the approaches to fundamental biological questions and have also had a major impact in the area of diagnostic pathology. Much of the groundwork for the development of morphological methods was estab th lished in the early part of the 19 century by Francois-Vincent Raspail, generally acknowledged as the founder of the science of histochemistry. The earliest work in the field was primarily in the hands of botanists and many of the approaches to the under standing of the chemical composition of cells and tissues involved techniques such as microincineration, which destroyed structural integrity. The development of aniline th dyes in the early 20 century served as a major impetus to studies of the structural rather than chemical composition of tissue. Later in the century, however, the focus returned to the identification of chemical constituents in the context of intact cell and tissue structure.

Mycobacteria

Mycobacteria Book
Author : C. Ratledge,J. W. Dale
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-04-01
ISBN : 1444311441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tuberculosis continues to kills more people than any other single infective agent. The resurgence of the disease in many countries has produced a heightened awareness of the threat posed by mycobacterial infections. At the same time, there has been an explosion of knowledge of the fundamental properties of mycobacteria, most notably the determination of the complete genome sequence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This book provides an up-to-date account of these developments in the molecular biology and immunology of mycobacteria, coupled with allied advances of a more applied nature, such as the use of molecular techniques for diagnosis and epidemiological investigations. With chapters contributed from an international team of experts, it will not only be an essential reference text for the expanding mycobacterial research community, but also will find a prominent place on the shelves of clinicians, infectious disease and public health specialists, diagnostic laboratories, postgraduate students and indeed anyone concerned with the management and investigation of outbreaks of tuberculosis. Comprehensively covers recent advances in the molecular biology of the mycobacteria. First book to be published on this subject since the publishing of the complete genome for the tubercle bacillus (M. tuberculosis). Coincides with a worldwide resurgence of tuberculosis.

Clinical Applications of PCR

Clinical Applications of PCR Book
Author : Y. M. Dennis Lo,Rossa W. K. Chiu,K. C. Allen Chan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006
ISBN : 159745074X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this updated second edition of the much praised Clinical Applications of PCR, leading researchers apply molecular diagnostics to the many recent advances that have occurred in polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based technologies. Highlights include real-time PCR, which allows the technique to be performed in a quantitative manner with improved sensitivity, robustness, and resilience to carryover contamination, mass spectrometric analysis of nucleic acids, and circulating cell-free nucleic acids in plasma. The authors apply these innovations to a broad spectrum of applications, including gene expression, methylation, trace molecule, gene dosage, and single cell analysis. The protocols follow the successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, each offering step-by-step laboratory instructions, an introduction outlining the principles behind the technique, lists of the necessary equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. State-of-the-art and highly practical, Clinical Applications of PCR, Second Edition, will help today's laboratorians and researchers working in molecular diagnostics harness the power of these techniques with unprecedented sensitivity and ease.

Advances in Molecular Pathology E Book

Advances in Molecular Pathology  E Book Book
Author : Gregory J. Tsongalis
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2020-11-07
ISBN : 032372227X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This issue of Advances in Molecular Pathology will provide a comprehensive review of the most current practices, trends, and developments in the field of Molecular Pathology. Publishing on an annual basis, the volume will be divided into 7 sections: Genetics, Hematopathology, Infectious Disease, Pharmacogenomics, Informatics, Solid tumors, and Identity/HLA. Led by Dr. Gregory Tsongalis of Dartmouth University, a team of experienced pathologists from institutions across the country oversee annual topic and expert author selection.

Endocrine Pathology

Endocrine Pathology  Book
Author : Ricardo V. Lloyd
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-01-24
ISBN : 9781441910691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Endocrine Pathology: Differential Diagnosis and Molecular Advances, Second Edition provides detailed coverage of endocrine pathology with extensive discussion of the differential diagnosis as well as presentation of molecular pathobiology of the major endocrine organs. Revised and expanded from the first edition, each chapter, written by leaders in their respective field, has been updated with the latest advances that are transforming the field of endocrine pathology. Richly illustrated with color photomicrographs, useful diagrams and line drawings, each chapter includes differential diagnosis of common and uncommon lesions as well as material on molecular developments, with emphasis on the molecular findings that are most helpful in the diagnosis of specific disorders. Endocrine Pathology: Differential Diagnosis and Molecular Advances, Second Edition, provides a useful and well-organized resource designed not only for the endocrine pathologist and the general surgical pathologist, but also for the clinical endocrinologist and the endocrine surgeon.

Essential Concepts in Molecular Pathology

Essential Concepts in Molecular Pathology Book
Author : William B. Coleman,Gregory J. Tsongalis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-23
ISBN : 0128132582
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essential Concepts in Molecular Pathology, Second Edition, offers an introduction to molecular genetics and the "molecular" aspects of human disease. The book illustrates how pathologists harness their understanding of these entities to develop new diagnostics and treatments for various human diseases. This new edition offers pathology, genetics residents, and molecular pathology fellows an advanced understanding of the molecular mechanisms of disease that goes beyond what they learned in medical and graduate school. By bridging molecular concepts of pathogenesis to the clinical expression of disease in cell, tissue and organ, this fully updated, introductory reference provides the background necessary for an understanding of today’s advances in pathology and medicine. Explains the practice of "molecular medicine" and the translational aspects of molecular pathology, including molecular diagnostics, molecular assessment and personalized medicine Orients non-pathologists on what pathologists look for and how they interpret their observational findings based on histopathology Provides the reader with what is missing from most targeted introductions to pathology—the cell biology behind pathophysiology

Molecular Diagnostics in the Detection of Neurodegenerative Disorders

Molecular Diagnostics in the Detection of Neurodegenerative Disorders Book
Author : Megha Agrawal,William C. Cho
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-07-04
ISBN : 2889451941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurodegeneration is characterized by the progressive loss of neural tissue that result in various neurodegeneration-initiated cerebral failures and complex diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease. All these medical conditions are accompanied by the disruption of blood-brain barrier (BBB). The BBB is an interface, separating the brain from the circulatory system and protecting the central nervous system from potentially harmful chemicals while regulating transport of essential molecules and maintaining a stable environment. Owing to the inability of the neurons to regenerate on their own after neurodegeneration or severe damage to the neural tissue, neurodegenerative disorders do not have natural cures on their own. Neuroregeneration is a viable way to curb neurodegeneration. One of the current approaches is stem cell-based therapy that has been shown to be potentially helpful for the application of neuronal cell replacement for neuroregeneration. It is vital that the neurodegenerative disorder being detected at an early stage as it can provide a chance for treatment that may be helpful to prevent further progression of the fatal disease. Thus, research has focused on developing effective non-invasive diagnostic methods for early detection of these disorders. Molecular diagnostics can provide a powerful method to detect and diagnose various neurological disorders. Such diagnosis can enhance early detection, provide subsequent medical counsel based on medical pathway, as well as to gain better insight of neurogenesis and hopefully eventual cure of the neurodegenerative diseases. With research reports, reviews, mini-reviews and commentary, this research topic covers a wide range of areas in neurodegeneration research, including diagnosis and prognosis; regulating central nervous system; biomarkers and brain injury induced neurobehavioral outcomes among other timely reports on neurodegeneration.