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Advances In Aquaculture Hatchery Technology

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Advances in Aquaculture Hatchery Technology

Advances in Aquaculture Hatchery Technology Book
Author : Geoff Allan,Gavin Burnell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0857097466
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aquaculture is the fastest-growing food production sector in the world. With demand for seafood increasing at astonishing rates, the optimization of production methods is vital. One of the primary restrictions to continued growth is the supply of juveniles from hatcheries. Addressing these constraints, Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology provides a comprehensive, systematic guide to the use of current and emerging technologies in enhancing hatchery production. Part one reviews reproduction and larval rearing. Aquaculture hatchery water supply and treatment systems, principles of finfish broodstock management, genome preservation, and varied aspects of nutrition and feeding are discussed in addition to larval health management and microbial management for bacterial pathogen control. Closing the life-cycle and overcoming challenges in hatchery production for selected invertebrate species are the focus of part two, and advances in hatchery technology for spiny lobsters, shrimp, blue mussel, sea cucumbers and cephalopods are all discussed. Part three concentrates on challenges and successes in closing the life-cycle and hatchery production for selected fish species, including tuna, striped catfish, meagre, and yellowtail kingfish. Finally, part four explores aquaculture hatcheries for conservation and education. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology is an authoritative review of the field for hatchery operators, scientists, marine conservators and educators. Provides a comprehensive guide to the use of technologies in enhancing hatchery production Examines reproduction and larval rearing, including genetic improvement and microdiets Discusses challenges in hatchery production of specific species

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : D. Meritt,D. Webster
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087528
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The hands-on nature of the hatchery setting is a natural supplement to curriculum units for students of all ages and experience levels. This chapter addresses the benefits of experiential education and provides descriptions of its use for a variety of aquaculture-based learning experiences pertinent to a number of subject areas. Recommendations for implementing such programs are presented for each grade level and discipline. The chapter provides a number of examples and resources to aid the reader in developing or enhancing instruction in the hatchery or classroom.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : G.J. Partridge
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The reliance on wild-caught juvenile tuna is seen as the Achilles heel of tuna ranching industries worldwide and it is widely recognised that closed-cycle hatchery production is essential to sustain the demand for tuna and reduce pressure on wild stocks. The many features that make tuna such a unique group of fish also give rise to the many challenges associated with their culture and despite some forty years of effort, commercial scale hatchery production has yet to be fully realised. This chapter summarises the history of closed-cycle tuna production and discusses the recent and significant achievements that have been made towards the achievement of this elusive goal.

Advances in Aquaculture Hatchery Technology

Advances in Aquaculture Hatchery Technology Book
Author : Geoff Allan,Gavin Burnell
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-11-13
ISBN : 9780081015735
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For seafood production to meet expected demand from a growing global population, many more millions of tons of seafood will need to be produced. The expectations for increased product from capture fisheries is limited, so this rise in production will have to come from aquaculture, one of the fastest growing food producing sectors in the world. A primary constraint to the continuing growth of aquaculture is the supply of juveniles from hatcheries --

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : P. Kamermans,T. Galley,P. Boudry,J. Fuentes,H. McCombie,F.M. Batista,A. Blanco,L. Dominguez,F. Cornette,L. Pincot,A. Beaumont
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To date, European mussel culture has relied entirely on wild seed from suspended collectors or mussel beds. One problem faced by blue mussel producers is the unpredictability of seed supply, the amounts of wild seed available being extremely variable from year to year. A second problem is that recently spawned mussels cannot be sold due to insufficient meat. Hatcheries can complement wild seed supply. Hatcheries also allow triploid induction that produces non-maturing mussels. In this chapter, the different steps in hatchery production of mussel seed are described. A final section addresses future trends.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : P.T. Nguyen,T.M. Bui,T.A. Nguyen,S. De Silva
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 012808748X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) farming in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, is considered as a major, aquaculture development both in Vietnam and globally. One of the main drivers responsible for the explosive growth of the sector is considered to be the development and commercialisation of techniques for artificial propagation of the species. This chapter looks first at the life-cycle of the striped catfish and historical developments in hatchery technology before going on to discuss induced breeding of catfish in hatcheries together with larval and fry nursing. Finally, harvesting and transportation are described and possible future directions in the sector.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : J. Wyban
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global shrimp farming more than tripled production over the last decade. The major driver of that expansion was the introduction, adoption and expansion of farming P. vannamei as the shrimp species of choice. A key element determining farmers’ preference for P. vannamei was widespread availability of High Health post-larvae (PL) produced from specific pathogen free (SPF) broodstock that outperformed other shrimp species in reliability and profitability. Production of High Health PL requires use of SPF broodstock in hatcheries using biosecurity. This chapter reviews key management practices of securing SPF broodstock and biosecurity in P. vannamei shrimp hatchery systems.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : O.-I. Lekang
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Good water quality is of major importance to production results in a hatchery, particularly in those which work more intensively. A low cost water transfer system is also important economically, affecting both investment and running costs. The low cost, however, should not be allowed to compromise the efficacy of the system, leading to operating problems or a lower water quality, for example. This chapter will take a brief look at some important factors in the location of hatcheries, before progressing to assess different water supply systems, encompassing both fresh water and sea water. Before the water entersthe production unit, it hasto be treated to fulfill the requirement of the aquatic organism as closely as possible. A description of different water treatment equipment/methods is also included in the chapter.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : A. Mercier,J.-F. Hamel
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sea cucumber fisheries have existed for centuries, driven primarily by the Chinese markets. In recent decades, overfishing has severely depleted commercial sea cucumber populations worldwide. Consequently, a growing number of countries are becoming interested in developing aquaculture programs. Every year billions of larvae and millions of juveniles are successfully grown in aquaculture facilities and new initiatives are booming. Here we introduce briefly the main species that have so far been successfully cultivated: Apostichopus japonicus, Holothuria scabra and Isostichopus fuscus. We describe common techniques for the culture of larvae and juveniles and outline some of the main challenges of this industry.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : S. Kolkovski
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine fish larvae fed microdiets have not, at this stage, matched the growth and survival performances demonstrated by larvae fed live feeds such as rotifers and Artemia. This chapter discusses the issues related to the use of microdiets as a sole or partial feed for marine fish larvae. The techniques and methods of manufacturing microdiet particles, chemical and physical properties of microdiet particles are described. The use of feeding systems and advantages and disadvantage of the current feeding systems is reviewed. The chapter also looks at advances in feeding regimes such as co-feeding and feeding systems.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : N.J. Duncan,A. Estévez,H. Fernández-Palacios,I. Gairin,C.M. Hernández-Cruz,J. Roo,D. Schuchardt,R. Vallés
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Meagre (Argyrosomus regius) have good potential for aquaculture. Culture characteristics include controlled spawning in captivity, relatively easy larval rearing, fast growth, good feed conversion ratios and no maturation during ongrowing. Whilst characteristics of the final product include good processing yield, low fat content, good taste and firm texture. This chapter details the present knowledge on the biology of the species, the culture protocols being used through the entire production cycle (broodstock management, larval rearing, pre-ongrowing and ongrowing), product quality, market and economics of production. Finally future prospects and challenges to achieve mass production are examined.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : M.R. Brown,S.I. Blackburn
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087366
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microalgae remain an indispensible hatchery food for many aquaculture species, despite some on-going progress in the development of formulated larval feeds. The majority of the microalgae feed production occurs as living cultures on-site within hatcheries. In this review, general characteristics of microalgae are discussed, including chemical profiles, nutritional qualities and methods of mass culture. Key microalgal species are identified that are used as feeds leading to the hatchery production of bivalves, abalone, shrimp and fish. Global demand for microalgae production as hatchery feeds is likely to increase, requiring not only the expansion of existing infrastructure, but technical innovation to develop new production systems that are more intensive and have greater production capacity.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : D. Stewart Fielder
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Yellowtail kingfish (Seriola lalandi; YTK) hatchery technology has been largely developed in New Zealand and Australia where a burgeoning seacage grow-out industry exists. Wild-caught broodstock can be maintained in land-based tanks and induced to spawn using hormone therapy or more commonly will spawn spontaneously within one to two breeding seasons of domestication using phototherm manipulation. The chapter looks at seriola aquaculture, detailing broodstock management and larviculture. Two peaks of mortality have been found to occur – one at 3–4 dph when larvae commence feeding, and a second caused by cannibalism which occurs when larvae are 6–10mm total length – and the chapter discusses strategies for mitigating these problems. The major bottlenecks to YTK juvenile production have included low survival and high rates of deformity, and the chapter finishes by looking at how commercial and government research institutes are addressing these.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : E.F. Goulden,L. Høj,M.R. Hall
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In aquaculture production systems, the hatchery phase is the most challenging as larvae are prone to infections and disease from microbial agents causing mass mortalities. A holistic microbial management regime concept is developed with the hatchery managed as a set of compartments: (1) the water column (planktonic); (2) surfaces (biofilm); (3) the larvae themselves; and (4) feeds (live and formulated). Emphasis on the use of the microbial community as a whole to maintain larvae in high health with various prophylactic strategies is discussed. A range of treatment strategies are considered, including antibiotics, bacteriophage therapy, quorum sensing inhibition and microbial predation. Developing innovations and future trends in microbial management and biocontrol are outlined.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : J. Dhont,K. Dierckens,J. Støttrup,G. Van Stappen,M. Wille,P. Sorgeloos
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter provides an update on the most common zooplankton live feed species used in hatchery rearing of fish and shellfish larvae, namely rotifers, Artemia and copepods. Each section starts with a summary of the biology and ecology of these species. An overview of the most common techniques to culture, feed, harvest, disinfect and preserve these organisms is provided. Special attention is given to nutritional and microbiological aspects. Furthermore, new trends and developments are discussed.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : J.E. Purcell,E.J. Baxter,V.L. Fuentes
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter begins by reviewing the fisheries and culture of jellyfish for human food, multi-million-dollar industries with markets currently centered in Asia. Second, we present guidelines for culture conditions and tank construction for display or study of 27 jellyfish species. Most types of jellyfish (scyphomedusae, hydromedusae, siphonophores and ctenophores) also damage the aquaculture industry by causing fish gill disorders and by fouling net pens. We review the lifecycles of these groups and the damage they cause. Finally, we offer recommendations on how to minimize this damage. Ironically, aquaculture may be inadvertently exacerbating the problems with jellyfish blooms.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : T.J. Bowden,I.R. Bricknell
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter looks at the issues surrounding health of finfish and shellfish larvae in the aquaculture environment. The chapter will examine issues such as biosecurity to see how it forms the cornerstone of effective hatchery management and how problems can arise when biosecurity fails. Then the chapter looks at how the health of the larvae can be manipulated and how the larvae can be protected from potential pathogens by good management.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : J. Iglesias,L. Fuentes
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter deals with the different methods used in the world to produce hatchery-reared juveniles of Octopus vulgaris, including capture and transport methods, broodstock conditioning and paralarval rearing technology. First, a review is made of the different systems used for hatchery production of the various Cephalopod species in which there is the greatest commercial interest. Then, specifically for Octopus vulgaris, conclusions and standardized methods related to the spawning process, the control of embryonic development and, finally, a protocol for paralarval rearing are also given. The main bottlenecks and future research trends are pointed out, and important sources of further information and advice are referenced. A brief review of the state-of-the-art on larvae and juvenile rearing of other cephalopods species is also included in this chapter.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : M.R. Hall,M. Kenway,M. Salmon,D. Francis,E.F. Goulden,L. Høj
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0128087412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Closed life-cycle breeding of aquaculture species is essential for sustainability. The primary bottleneck towards this goal is a robust commercial-scale hatchery technology. The larval phase of Palinurid lobsters is amongst the lengthiest of any marine invertebrates; hence a major leap forward in aquaculture hatchery technology is required for commercial-scale production. The main challenges for Palinurid hatchery technology development are outlined together including aspects of water quality and tank design. The larval biology of Palinurid lobsters is discussed as well as broodstock husbandry and spawning. A concise review of reported diseases is presented together with larval nutrition requirements and their relationship to final larval metamorphosis to juvenile.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Book
Author : S.J. Rowland
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 012808751X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Freshwater fishes are one of the great natural resources of the world, but anthropogenic activities have adversely affected aquatic ecosystems and many species are threatened with extinction. Throughout the 1900s, the distribution and abundance of native freshwater fishes in inland and coastal drainages in southeastern Australia were significantly reduced, and there were extirpations of some populations. This chapter reviews these declines and the use of captive breeding and stocking programmes since the late 1970s to aid the recovery of threatened species, establish and maintain large recreational fisheries, and restore lost biodiversity. The successes of these programmes have been due to the development of best practices for broodfish management, artificial breeding, larval rearing, fingerling production and management of infectious diseases, and guidelines which minimise the effects of domestication, maintain genetic identity of stocked populations, and maximise genetic variation providing a basis for fitness and evolutionary potential of each species.