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Advances In Analog And Rf Ic Design For Wireless Communication Systems

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Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems Book
Author : Gabriele Manganaro,Domine Leenaerts
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 0128064471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The recent and dramatic increase in demand for mobile data communication, driven by consumer devices such as smartphones and tablets, is resulting in heightened technical challenges for the wireless infrastructure that lies as a bridge in-between these mobile terminals and the wired network transferring the data between final users. Several challenges arise in the design of the electronics behind the wireless infrastructure access points, or base-stations. This Chapter provides an overview of the present state, challenges and trends in the RF, analog and mixed signal electronics for wireless infrastructure and provides a frame to orient the reader of this book to the following chapters covering the specifics of the technologies involved.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems Book
Author : Gil Engel,Gabriele Manganaro
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 0128064579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter discusses the practical application of RF digital-to-analog converters (RF DACs) to communication systems such as cable distribution, wireless communications infrastructure (WIFR) base stations, wireless backhaul, and other such systems. The key specifications that are driving the development of RF DAC technology are reviewed, as are some common radio architectures used to implement those systems. Challenges associated with the design of RF DACs are described, and some trade-offs and possible solutions are discussed. Design considerations of the package and the printed circuit board (PCB) design are reviewed. Measured results of an RF DAC suitable for cable head-end transmitters are presented. The features and performance of RF DACs provide an enabling solution for “Software Defined Radio” (SDR) systems targeted toward multi-carrier, multi-band, multi-standard radio transmitters.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems Book
Author : Michael Elliott,Boris Murmann
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 0128064552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter provides an overview of design techniques and system aspects relevant to the application of high-speed pipelined ADCs in wireless base transceiver stations (BTS). The discussion begins with a derivation of typical ADC specifications for the receive path of a multi-carrier BTS system. Next, we investigate issues pertaining to the interface between the ADC and its driving circuitry, including complications that arise with sample-and-hold-amplifier-less (SHA-less) ADC frontends. Lastly, we summarize recent research results that look into the digital linearization of dynamic nonlinearities at the ADC’s frontend.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems Book
Author : Richard Schreier,Hajime Shibata
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 0128064544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design concepts and an example of bandpass Delta-Sigma ADCs for wireless receivers are described. Delta-Sigma ADC design involves a variety of choices in the system design phase, such as lowpass vs. bandpass loop filter or, feedback vs. feedforward architecture. In the first half of the chapter, such system decisions are compared and discussed in the context of wireless communication applications. The latter half of the Chapter describes an example bandpass Delta-Sigma ADC design based on the aforementioned discussions. Circuit implementations and measurement results are disclosed in details.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems Book
Author : Hooman Darabi
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 012806448X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter offers a system-level analysis of advanced RF transceivers intended for use in wireless and particularly mobile applications. An overview of RF cellular standards is presented, followed by a discussion of various radio architectures. The key radio requirements are derived, and translated to circuit specs, giving an overview of a practical top-down radio design. Several radio non-idealities resulting from RF CMOS shortcomings are discussed, and various architectural and calibration techniques are introduced to overcome those. We will also cover more advanced topics such as handset calibration, the evolution to broadband, RF diversity, and next-generation mobile standards and their requirements.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems Book
Author : William Redman-White
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 0128064528
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mixers are a vital part of any transceiver architecture, and their performance is critical to achieving overall specifications. Although the basic operation is, in principle, a simple multiplication, in reality the circuit level implementation must be tailored to the specific function in the signal chain, and the technology being used. Starting from some of the basic principles, this chapter aims to identify the physical origins of noise and linearity issues, and lay out the design constraints and choices for the mixer function in a modern fully integrated transceiver. With the current prevalence of CMOS, passive mixers are examined as well as the classical current steering active type and their suitability in receive and transmit functions is considered. Enhanced passive and active mixers are also examined, exploiting the I and Q signal path available in complex receiver architectures.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems Book
Author : Mustafa Acar,Mark P. van der Heijden,Jawad H. Qureshi
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 0128064501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter presents high-efficiency power amplifiers (PAs) for wireless infrastructure. It starts by stating the importance of high efficiency and the historical evolution in base station PA concepts. It then introduces the current solution, the Doherty PA. After explaining the fundamentals of the Doherty PA, a novel implementation achieving more than 35% drain efficiency across a 6dB power back-off range and up to 20W peak power between 1.7 and 2.3GHz is given. Afterwards, a future PA concept, switch-mode outphasing PA, is introduced. Theory and implementation details of a class-E outphasing PA achieving more than 60% drain efficiency across a 6dB power back-off range and up to 19W peak power between 1800 and 2050MHz is explained. By the end of the chapter, an essential part of switch-mode PAs, high voltage (up to 10V) and high frequency (up to 4GHz) drivers are presented.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems Book
Author : Salvatore Levantino,Carlo Samori
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 012806451X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In less than one decade after their introduction into radio-frequency applications, digital fractional-N phase-locked loops (PLLs) have become a relevant topic in microelectronic research and a practical solution for products. In addition to the well-known advantages, such as their silicon area occupation scaling as technology node and their easier portability to new nodes, digital PLLs enable easy and low-cost implementation of calibration techniques, which substantially reduce spurious tones and remove other major analog impairments. In wideband PLLs, the ultimate level of spur performance is often bounded by the time resolution and the linearity of the time-to-digital converter within the digital PLL. Methods for mitigating its nonlinearity such as those based on element randomization and large-scale dithering are discussed. The use of fractional-N dividers based on digital-to-time converters, as a means to relax the design of the time-to-digital converter, is also reviewed. This concept is extended to the limit case of a single-bit time-to-digital converter, which provides best PLL noise–power trade-off with good spur performance.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems Book
Author : Domine Leenaerts
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 0128064498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radios for cellular wireless infrastructure require low-noise amplifiers (LNAs) with very demanding requirements on noise and linearity performance. So far these amplifiers have been realized in III-V technologies, but for various reasons silicon-based LNAs are needed too. This chapter will explain the challenges in LNA design for this application field.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems Book
Author : Kostas Doris,Erwin Janssen,Yu Lin,Athon Zanikopoulos,Alessandro Murroni
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 0128064560
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This paper reviews recent developments of interleaved Successive Approximation Analog-to-Digital converters (SAR) in deep sub-micron CMOS technologies. The discussion covers design tradeoffs and degrees of freedom related to the impact of extensive interleaving with many SAR units on bandwidth, noise, linearity, and spurious performance. The impact of interleaving mismatches on representative broadband and multi-carrier narrowband signals is also discussed. Next, two examples are given demonstrating how interleaving with many ADCs can be transformed from a weakness to a strength. The first example concerns low spurious performance enabled by redundant SAR converters and randomization of their operation. The second example presents spectral sensing techniques.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems Book
Author : Michael H. Perrott
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 0128064587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Time-to-digital converter (TDC) circuits are a key component for achieving high-performance digital phase-locked loops (PLLs) which offer lower area and greater flexibility than their analog PLL counterparts. This chapter focuses on a recently developed TDC architecture known as the gated ring oscillator (GRO) which offers first-order shaping of its quantization noise and delay stage mismatch. To provide context for the GRO discussion, background on general TDC implementation techniques is described along with key performance issues related to digital frequency synthesizers. The GRO concept is then presented, followed by implementation details and measured results. Finally, recent variations on the GRO concept are described such as a MASH TDC structure which achieves higher-order noise shaping and a switched ring oscillator (SRO) TDC which improves robustness to dead zones encountered by the GRO TDC.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems Book
Author : Gabriele Manganaro,Domine M W Leenaerts
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 0123983320
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems gives technical introductions to the latest and most significant topics in the area of circuit design of analog/RF ICs for wireless communication systems, emphasizing wireless infrastructure rather than handsets. The book ranges from very high performance circuits for complex wireless infrastructure systems to selected highly integrated systems for handsets and mobile devices. Coverage includes power amplifiers, low-noise amplifiers, modulators, analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) and digital-to-analog converters (DACs), and even single-chip radios. This book offers a quick grasp of emerging research topics in RF integrated circuit design and their potential applications, with brief introductions to key topics followed by references to specialist papers for further reading. All of the chapters, compiled by editors well known in their field, have been authored by renowned experts in the subject. Each includes a complete introduction, followed by the relevant most significant and recent results on the topic at hand. This book gives researchers in industry and universities a quick grasp of the most important developments in analog and RF integrated circuit design. Emerging research topics in RF IC design and its potential application Case studies and practical implementation examples Covers fundamental building blocks of a cellular base station system and satellite infrastructure Insights from the experts on the design and the technology trade-offs, the challenges and open questions they often face References to specialist papers for further reading

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems Book
Author : Pascal Philippe,Louis Praamsma,Marcel Geurts
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 0128064536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter presents one of the first integrated Ku-band downconverters with PLL frequency synthesizer that has widely penetrated the market of low noise blocks (LNBs) for reception of satellite television. It starts with a brief description of the general architecture of a LNB and a presentation of the main requirements for the integrated downconverter and frequency synthesizer. The architecture of the integrated circuit and the design of its building blocks are then presented and discussed in detail. The emphasis is put on the design choices made in the downconverter and the synthesizer for competing in cost and performance with discrete implementations at minimal power consumption. By the end of the chapter, measurement results are reported that illustrate the downconverter performance alone or within a demonstration LNB.

Next Generation ADCs High Performance Power Management and Technology Considerations for Advanced Integrated Circuits

Next Generation ADCs  High Performance Power Management  and Technology Considerations for Advanced Integrated Circuits Book
Author : Andrea Baschirotto,Pieter Harpe,Kofi A. A. Makinwa
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-24
ISBN : 3030252671
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is based on the 18 tutorials presented during the 28th workshop on Advances in Analog Circuit Design. Expert designers present readers with information about a variety of topics at the frontier of analog circuit design, including next-generation analog-to-digital converters , high-performance power management systems and technology considerations for advanced IC design. For anyone involved in analog circuit research and development, this book will be a valuable summary of the state-of-the-art in these areas. Provides a summary of the state-of-the-art in analog circuit design, written by experts from industry and academia; Presents material in a tutorial-based format; Includes coverage of next-generation analog-to-digital converters, high-performance power management systems, and technology considerations for advanced IC design.

Wireless Transceiver Design

Wireless Transceiver Design Book
Author : Ariel Luzzatto,Motti Haridim
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-09-08
ISBN : 1118937392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building upon the success of the first edition (2007), Wireless Transceiver Design 2nd Edition is an accessible textbook that explains the concepts of wireless transceiver design in detail. The architectures and the detailed design of both traditional and advanced all-digital wireless transceivers are discussed in a thorough and systematic manner, while carefully watching out for clarity and simplicity. Many practical examples and solved problems at the end of each chapter allow students to thoroughly understand the mechanisms involved, to build confidence, and enable them to readily make correct and practical use of the applicable results and formulas. From the instructors' perspective, the book will enable the reader to build courses at different levels of depth, starting from the basic understanding, whilst allowing them to focus on particular elements of study. In addition to numerous fully-solved exercises, the authors include actual exemplary examination papers for instructors to use as a reference format for student evaluation. The new edition has been adapted with instructors/lecturers, graduate/undergraduate students and RF engineers in mind. Non-RF engineers looking to acquire a basic understanding of the main related RF subjects will also find the book invaluable.

Wireless Radio Frequency Standards and System Design Advanced Techniques

Wireless Radio Frequency Standards and System Design  Advanced Techniques Book
Author : Cornetta, Gianluca
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2012-01-31
ISBN : 1466600845
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radio-frequency (RF) integrated circuits in CMOS technology are gaining increasing popularity in the commercial world, and CMOS technology has become the dominant technology for applications such as GPS receivers, GSM cellular transceivers, wireless LAN, and wireless short-range personal area networks based on IEEE 802.15.1 (Bluetooth) or IEEE 802.15.4 (ZigBee) standards. Furthermore, the increasing interest in wireless technologies and the widespread of wireless communications has prompted an ever increasing demand for radio frequency transceivers. Wireless Radio-Frequency Standards and System Design: Advanced Techniques provides perspectives on radio-frequency circuit and systems design, covering recent topics and developments in the RF area. Exploring topics such as LNA linearization, behavioral modeling and co-simulation of analog and mixed-signal complex blocks for RF applications, integrated passive devices for RF-ICs and baseband design techniques and wireless standards, this is a comprehensive reference for students as well as practicing professionals.

CMOS Time Mode Circuits and Systems

CMOS Time Mode Circuits and Systems Book
Author : Fei Yuan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1482298740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Time-mode circuits, where information is represented by time difference between digital events, offer a viable and technology-friendly means to realize mixed-mode circuits and systems in nanometer complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technologies. Various architectures of time-based signal processing and design techniques of CMOS time-mode circuits have emerged; however, an in-depth examination of the principles of time-based signal processing and design techniques of time-mode circuits has not been available—until now. CMOS Time-Mode Circuits and Systems: Fundamentals and Applications is the first book to deliver a comprehensive treatment of CMOS time-mode circuits and systems. Featuring contributions from leading experts, this authoritative text contains a rich collection of literature on time-mode circuits and systems. The book begins by presenting a critical comparison of voltage-mode, current-mode, and time-mode signaling for mixed-mode signal processing and then: Covers the fundamentals of time-mode signal processing, such as voltage-to-time converters, all-digital phase-locked loops, and frequency synthesizers Investigates the performance characteristics, architecture, design techniques, and implementation of time-to-digital converters Discusses time-mode delta-sigma-based analog-to-digital converters, placing a great emphasis on time-mode quantizers Includes a detailed study of ultra-low-power integrated time-mode temperature measurement systems CMOS Time-Mode Circuits and Systems: Fundamentals and Applications provides a valuable reference for circuit design engineers, hardware system engineers, graduate students, and others seeking to master this fast-evolving field.

CHIPS 2020 VOL 2

CHIPS 2020 VOL  2 Book
Author : Bernd Höfflinger
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-09-19
ISBN : 3319220934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The release of this second volume of CHIPS 2020 coincides with the 50th anniversary of Moore’s Law, a critical year marked by the end of the nanometer roadmap and by a significantly reduced annual rise in chip performance. At the same time, we are witnessing a data explosion in the Internet, which is consuming 40% more electrical power every year, leading to fears of a major blackout of the Internet by 2020. The messages of the first CHIPS 2020, published in 2012, concerned the realization of quantum steps for improving the energy efficiency of all chip functions. With this second volume, we review these messages and amplify upon the most promising directions: ultra-low-voltage electronics, nanoscale monolithic 3D integration, relevant-data, brain- and human-vision-inspired processing, and energy harvesting for chip autonomy. The team of authors, enlarged by more world leaders in low-power, monolithic 3D, video, and Silicon brains, presents new vistas in nanoelectronics, promising Moore-like exponential growth sustainable through to the 2030s.

Hybrid ADCs Smart Sensors for the IoT and Sub 1V Advanced Node Analog Circuit Design

Hybrid ADCs  Smart Sensors for the IoT  and Sub 1V   Advanced Node Analog Circuit Design Book
Author : Pieter Harpe,Kofi A. A. Makinwa,Andrea Baschirotto
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-18
ISBN : 3319612859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is based on the 18 tutorials presented during the 26th workshop on Advances in Analog Circuit Design. Expert designers present readers with information about a variety of topics at the frontier of analog circuit design, with specific contributions focusing on hybrid ADCs, smart sensors for the IoT, sub-1V and advanced-node analog circuit design. This book serves as a valuable reference to the state-of-the-art, for anyone involved in analog circuit research and development.

Third Generation Communication Systems

Third Generation Communication Systems Book
Author : Jian-Guo Ma
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642189245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Beside technological issues, this book discusses the administrative and industrial aspects of third generation mobile communications. The authors emphasize existing problems and propose solutions. They provide the most comprehensive and topical information on 3G mobile communications currently available. As the first wave of third-generation communication devices arrives, technological and societal effects will be widespread. The ability to communicate via hand-held devices voice, data, and video raises many challenges and questions. Beside detailed looks at technological issues, from the system protocol to implementation technologies, this book discusses the administrative and industrial aspects of third-generation mobile communications. The authors emphasize existing problems and propose solutions. They seek to provide the most comprehensive and topical information on 3G mobile communications currently available. Chapters offer an overview of wireless technology and terminology, protocols for mobility management, the safety of radio-frequency energy, WLAN (wireless local area networks), multiple access schemes, and microwave photonics. It is intended as an introduction and reference for engineers entering the field of wireless communications.