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Advances And Innovations In Nuclear Decommissioning

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Advances and Innovations in Nuclear Decommissioning

Advances and Innovations in Nuclear Decommissioning Book
Author : Michele Laraia
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-12
ISBN : 008101239X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances and Innovations in Nuclear Decommissioning is an essential resource for industry professionals and academics interested in acquiring the most up-to-date information on the current state of nuclear decommissioning. Written and edited by the world’s leading experts, this book considers lessons learned and new innovations in the field. Edited by Dr. Laraia, it is the perfect companion to his 2012 book, Nuclear Decommissioning, which critically reviews the nuclear decommissioning processes and technologies applicable to nuclear power plants and other civilian nuclear facilities. Where the earlier book covers the basics of decommissioning, this new book brings you up-to-date with new areas of interest and approaches, innovative technologies, and lessons learned by both the nuclear and non-nuclear decommissioning sectors. Focuses on new aspects, trends and innovative technologies Includes content on decommissioning after a severe accident, including the use of robotics Brings together information from around the world and considers the lessons learned from the non-nuclear sector as well

Nuclear Decommissioning

Nuclear Decommissioning Book
Author : Michele Laraia
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-03-14
ISBN : 3319759167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the history of nuclear decommissioning as a science and industry. It explores the early, little-known period when the term “decommissioning” was not used in the nuclear context and the end-of-life operations of a nuclear facility were a low priority. It then describes the subsequent period when decommissioning was recognized as a separate phase of the nuclear lifecycle, before bringing readers up to date with today’s state of the art. The author addresses decommissioning as a mature industry in an era in which large, commercial nuclear reactors and other fuel-cycle installations have been fully dismantled, and their sites returned to other uses. The book also looks at the birth, growth and maturity of decommissioning, focusing on how new issues emerged, how these were gradually addressed, and the lessons learned from them. Further, it examines the technologies and management advances in science and industry that followed these solutions. Nuclear Decommissioning is a point of reference for industry researchers and decommissioning practitioners looking to enrich their knowledge of decommissioning in recent decades as well as the modern industry. The book is also of interest to historians and students who wish to learn more about the history of nuclear decommissioning.

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies Book
Author : Michele Laraia
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-02-09
ISBN : 0128237015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies: Accidental Impacts on Workers, the Environment and the Public, Volume One presents a collection of international case studies that show impacts on workers, the public and the environment. Author Michele Laraia describes typical stages of decommissioning, such as categorization, hazard and risk analysis, and the risks and impacts involved at each stage. Each case is introduced before discussing its impacts, solutions, analysis, and lessons learned. This book uniquely collects, categorizes and compares radiological and non-radiological accidents, incidents and near misses which will be of great value to practitioners in industry and authorities developing nuclear programs. Finally, this book instructs readers on important prevention, mitigation and control measures to create sustainable, safe nuclear facilities. Includes various case studies and analyses on the impact of nuclear decommissioning on environmental sustainability, workers and the public Highlights the need of ensuring sustainability plans at the beginning of a nuclear project and informs decision makers on how to select the best options Guides the reader through a systematic analysis of the likelihood of incidents and how to take measures against them

Disarmament and Decommissioning in the Nuclear Domain

Disarmament and Decommissioning in the Nuclear Domain Book
Author : Jean-Claude Amiard
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-08-19
ISBN : 1119855519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following the acquisition of the atomic bomb by five states, the United Nations began drafting several treaties to limit nuclear proliferation. These efforts failed, as four more states also acquired nuclear weapons. In a similar vein, an attempt to limit atomic weapons - primarily within the two superpowers - was initiated. While the number of weapons has decreased, the new bombs now being manufactured are more powerful and more precise, negating any reduction in numbers. In the field of civil nuclear use, all nuclear facilities (reactors, factories, etc.) have a limited lifespan. Once a plant is permanently shut down, these facilities must be decommissioned and dismantled. These operations are difficult, time-consuming and costly. In addition, decommissioning generates large volumes of radioactive waste of various categories, including long-lived and high-activity waste. Risks to the environment and to health are not negligible during decommissioning. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) have produced numerous publications with recommendations. Each state has its own decommissioning strategy (immediate or delayed) and final plan for the site - whether it be returning it to greenfield status or obtaining a nuclear site license with centuries-long monitoring.

Beyond Decommissioning

Beyond Decommissioning Book
Author : Michele Laraia
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-06-08
ISBN : 008102875X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Beyond Decommissioning: The Reuse and Redevelopment of Nuclear Installations presents the most up-to-date research and guidance on the reuse and redevelopment of nuclear plants and sites. Consultant Michele Laraia extensively builds upon experience from the redevelopment of non-nuclear industrial sites, a technical field that has considerably predated nuclear applications, to help the reader gain a very thorough and practical understanding of the redevelopment opportunities for decommissioned nuclear sites. Laraia emphasizes the socioeconomic and financial benefits from very early planning for site reuse, including how to manage the decommissioning transition, anticipate financial issues, and effectively utilize available resources. With an increasing number of decommissioning projects being conducted worldwide, it is critical that knowledge gained by experts with hands-on experience is passed on to the younger generation of nuclear professionals. Besides, this book describes the experiences of non-nuclear organizations that have reutilized the human, financial, and physical site assets, with adaptations, for a new productive mission, making it a key reference for all parties associated with nuclear operation and decommissioning. Those responsible for nuclear operation and decommissioning are encouraged to incorporate site reuse within an integrated, beginning-to-end view of their projects. The book also appeals to nuclear regulators as it highlights more opportunities to complete nuclear decommissioning safely, speedily, and in the best interests of all concerned parties. Includes lessons learned from worldwide case studies of reuse and repurposing of nuclear plants from both the nuclear and non-nuclear industries Provides practical guidance on a broad-spectrum of factors and opportunities for nuclear decommissioning Identifies the roles and responsibilities of parties involved, including nuclear operators, regulators and authorities, land planners and environmentalists

Nuclear Waste Management

Nuclear Waste Management Book
Author : Man-Sung Yim
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9402421068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book lays a comprehensive foundation for addressing the issue of safety in the lifecycle of nuclear waste. With the focus on the fundamental principles, the book covers key technical approaches to safety in the management of spent nuclear fuel, reprocessed high-level waste, low-level waste, and decommissioning wastes. Behaviors of nuclear waste in natural and engineered systems in relation to safety assessment are also described through the explanation of fundamental processes. For any country involved with the use of nuclear power, nuclear waste management is a topic of grave importance. Although many countries have heavily invested in nuclear waste management, having a successful national program still remains a major challenge. This book offers substantial guidance for those seeking solutions to these problems. As the problem of nuclear waste management is largely influenced by social factors, the connection between technical and social issues in nuclear waste management is also discussed. The book is a core text for advanced students in nuclear and environmental engineering, and a valuable reference for those working in nuclear engineering and related areas.

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization Book
Author : Salah Ud-Din Khan,Alexander V. Nakhabov
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-06-16
ISBN : 0128189436
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization presents the theory and principles of the most common advanced nuclear reactor systems and provides a context for the value and utilization of nuclear power in a variety of applications both inside and outside a traditional nuclear setting. As countries across the globe realize their plans for a sustainable energy future, the need for innovative nuclear reactor design is increasing, and this book will provide a deep understanding of how these technologies can aid in a region’s goal for clean and reliable energy. Dr Khan and Dr Nakhabov, alongside their team of expert contributors, discuss a variety of important topics, including nuclear fuel cycles, plant decommissioning and hybrid energy systems, while considering a variety of diverse uses such as nuclear desalination, hydrogen generation and radioisotope production. Knowledge acquired enables the reader to conduct further research in academia and industry, and apply the latest design, development, integration, safety and economic guidance to their work and research. Combines reactor fundamentals with a contemporary look at evolving trends in the design of advanced reactors and their application to both nuclear and non-nuclear uses Analyses the latest research and uses of hybrid systems which bring together nuclear technology with renewable energy technologies Presents applications, economic factors and an analysis of sustainability factors in one comprehensive resource

Sustainability of Life Cycle Management for Nuclear Cementation Based Technologies

Sustainability of Life Cycle Management for Nuclear Cementation Based Technologies Book
Author : Rehab O. Abdel Rahman,Michael I. Ojovan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-05-25
ISBN : 0128183292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainability of Life Cycle Management for Nuclear Cementation-Based Technologies, edited by Dr. Rahman and Dr. Ojovan, presents the latest knowledge and research on the management of cementitious systems within nuclear power plants. The book covers aging, development and updates on regulatory frameworks on a global scale, the development of cementitious systems for the immobilization of problematic wastes, and the decommissioning and decontamination of complex cementitious systems. The book's editors and their team of experts combine their practical knowledge to provide the reader with a thorough understanding on the sustainability of lifecycle management of cementitious systems within the nuclear industry. Sections provide a comparative tool that presents national regulations concerning cementitious systems within nuclear power plants, check international and national evaluation results of the sustainability of different systems, help in the development of performance test procedures, and provide a guide on aging nuclear power plants and the long-term behavior of these systems in active and passive safety environments. Presents the latest information on the behavior of different cementitious systems used in the nuclear industry in one comprehensive resource Includes scientific justifications of system behavior during the design, operation, maintenance and decommissioning phases Aids the reader in the development of evaluation tests for problematic wastes

Evolving Toolbox for Complex Project Management

Evolving Toolbox for Complex Project Management Book
Author : Alex Gorod,Leonie Hallo,Vernon Ireland,Indra Gunawan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-30
ISBN : 042958928X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book enhances learning about complex project management principles and practices through the introduction and discussion of a portfolio of tools presented as an evolving toolbox. Throughout the book, industry practitioners examine the toolsets that are part of the toolbox to develop a broader understanding of complex project management challenges and the available tools to address them. This approach establishes a dynamic, structured platform for a comprehensive analysis and assessment of the modern, rapidly changing, multifaceted business environment to teach the next generation of project managers to successfully cope with the ever increasing complexity of the 21st century.

Advances in Intelligent Systems Research and Innovation

Advances in Intelligent Systems Research and Innovation Book
Author : Vassil Sgurev
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-06-26
ISBN : 3030781240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in Intelligent Systems Research and Innovation book written by Vassil Sgurev, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nuclear Decommissioning and Society

Nuclear Decommissioning and Society Book
Author : Martin J. Pasqualetti
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-03-28
ISBN : 1000007499
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1990. This book argues that a better understanding of the social impact of decommissioning - in areas such as jobs, waste, economics, opinion, law, public policy, land-use and legacies - is vital to the successful application of any technical solution. The issues raised are divided into three areas which deal with those problems that have already been recognized, the questions that decommissioning itself will raise and those that may result from likely future developments. The book aims to initiate a process of appraisal by examining several of the more obvious social ties to decommissioning.

The Innovation Imperative Contributing to Productivity Growth and Well Being

The Innovation Imperative Contributing to Productivity  Growth and Well Being Book
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2015-10-14
ISBN : 9264239812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Well-timed and targeted innovation boosts productivity, increases economic growth and helps solve societal problems. But how can governments encourage more people to innovate more of the time? And how can government itself be more innovative? The OECD Innovation Strategy provides a set of ...

Advances in Cooperative Robotics

Advances in Cooperative Robotics Book
Author : Mohammad O Tokhi,Gurvinder S Virk
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2016-08-04
ISBN : 9813149140
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides state-of-the-art scientific and engineering research findings and developments in the area of mobile robotics and associated support technologies around the theme of cooperative robotics. The book contains peer reviewed articles presented at the CLAWAR 2016 conference. The book contains a strong stream of papers on multi-legged locomotion and cooperative robotics. There is also a strong collection of papers on human assistive devices, notably wearable exoskeletal and prosthetic devices, and personal care robots and mobility assistance devices designed to meet the growing challenges due to the global ageing society. Robot designs based on biological inspirations and ethical concerns and issues related to the design, development and deployment of robots are also strongly featured.

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies Book
Author : Michele Laraia
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-24
ISBN : 0323914896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies: Policies, Strategies, Planning and Knowledge Management focuses on policy, strategy, planning and knowledge management in nuclear decommissioning, offering readers guidance on events that occur in early stages of the lifecycle. The book helps readers plan in advance to avoid and reduce schedule delays and cost overruns to ensure a smooth, safe and successful decommissioning. Events covered in this book range from top-level conception, to strategy selection, the drafting of procedures, and the sharing of best practices. Alongside the other case study books in this series, readers will obtain an understanding of various key points and lessons learned. Decommissioning experts, including regulators, operators, waste managers, researchers and academics will find this book to be suitable supplementary material to Michele Laraia’s reference works on the theory and applications of nuclear decommissioning. Presents a selection of global case studies that focus on the early stages of nuclear decommissioning Highlights the need to ensure sustainability plans are in place at the beginning of a nuclear project Informs decision-makers on selecting the best options Assists the reader in setting clear plans and strategies to avoid schedule delays and cost overruns

Eco friendly Innovations in Electricity Transmission and Distribution Networks

Eco friendly Innovations in Electricity Transmission and Distribution Networks Book
Author : Jean-Luc Bessede
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-27
ISBN : 1782420193
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electricity transmission and distribution (T&D) networks carry electricity from generation sites to demand sites. With the increasing penetration of decentralised and renewable energy systems, in particular variable power sources such as wind turbines, and the rise in demand-side technologies, the importance of innovative products has never been greater. Eco-design approaches and standards in this field are aimed at improving the performance as well as the overall sustainability of T&D network equipment. This multidisciplinary reference provides coverage of developments and lessons-learned in the fields of eco-design of innovation from product-specific issues to system approaches, including case studies featuring problem-solving methodologies applicable to electricity transmission and distribution networks. Discusses key environmental issues and methodologies for eco-design, and applies this to development of equipment for electricity transmission and distribution. Provides analysis of using and assessing advanced equipment for wind energy systems. Includes reviews of the energy infrastructure for demand-side management in the US and Scandinavia.

License Renewal Life Extension Decommissioning and Decontamination Basic Nuclear Engineering Advances

License Renewal  Life Extension  Decommissioning  and Decontamination  Basic Nuclear Engineering Advances Book
Author : International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780791835029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download License Renewal Life Extension Decommissioning and Decontamination Basic Nuclear Engineering Advances book written by International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Innovation in Nuclear Energy Technology

Innovation in Nuclear Energy Technology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : OECD
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovation has been a driving force in the successful deployment of nuclear energy and remains essential today for its sustainable future. This report provides an overview of the state of the art in nuclear innovation systems, including their driving forces, main actors, institutional and legal frameworks, and infrastructure for knowledge and programme management. It also offers policy recommendations based on country reports and case studies supplied by participating member countries.

Advanced Security and Safeguarding in the Nuclear Power Industry

Advanced Security and Safeguarding in the Nuclear Power Industry Book
Author : Victor Nian
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-08-04
ISBN : 0128182571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Security and Safeguarding in the Nuclear Power Industry: State of the art and future challenges presents an overview of a wide ranging scientific, engineering, policy, regulatory, and legal issues facing the nuclear power industry. Editor Victor Nian and his team of contributors deliver a much needed review of the latest developments in safety, security and safeguards (“Three S’s ) as well as other related and important subject matters within and beyond the nuclear power industry. This book is particularly insightful to countries with an interest in developing a nuclear power industry as well as countries where education to improve society’s opinion on nuclear energy is crucial to its future success. Advanced Security and Safeguarding in the Nuclear Power Industry covers the foundations of nuclear power production as well as the benefits and impacts of radiation to human society, international conventions, treaties, and standards on the “Three S’s , emergency preparedness and response, and civil liability in the event of a nuclear accident. The socio-technical and economic risks of civilian and military applications of atomic energy Putting into perspective the hazards of radioactive sources and health impacts of exposure to radiation Prevention and protection against severe nuclear accidents with a much needed update on lessons learnt from “Fukushima International conventions, treaties, legal frameworks, standards and best practices on “Three S’s , emergency preparedness and response, and civil liability Evolving technological and institutional challenges facing the nuclear power industry in the future

Waste from Innovative Types of Reactors and Fuel Cycles

Waste from Innovative Types of Reactors and Fuel Cycles Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : International Atomic Energy Agency
Release : 2019-09-30
ISBN : 9789201028181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For reactors currently operating, the types of wastes expected to be generated under normal operating regime are known and, aside from a few problematic wastes (such as graphite, tritium and radiocarbon) most of these wastes have clearly defined cradle-to-grave (end-to-end) pathways. However, for advanced and innovative reactors and their fuel cycles, some waste types may either have new or different properties or might be problematic for processing with the currently available technologies. One of the primary challenges for advanced and innovative reactors and their nuclear fuel cycles is that solutions must be identified for all eventually problematic wastes prior to initiating construction of these facilities. This publication sets the stage for considering the waste generation of advanced fuel fabrication, reactor operation and decommissioning, reprocessing of spent fuel and waste pathways early in the development of new reactors and their associated fuel cycles. It describes waste flows in broad chemical and physical terms and identifies possible processing, recycling and disposition pathways. The publication is intended to support the nuclear industry in taking an early and integrated approach to waste management.

Towards Advanced Robotic Manipulations for Nuclear Decommissioning

Towards Advanced Robotic Manipulations for Nuclear Decommissioning Book
Author : Naresh Marturi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite enormous remote handling requirements, remarkably very few robots are being used by the nuclear industry. Most of the remote handling tasks are still performed manually, using conventional mechanical master-slave devices. The few robotic manipulators deployed are directly tele-operated in rudimentary ways, with almost no autonomy or even a pre-programmed motion. In addition, majority of these robots are under-sensored (id est with no proprioception), which prevents them to use for automatic tasks. In this context, primarily this chapter discusses the human operator performance in accomplishing heavy-duty remote handling tasks in hazardous environments such as nuclear decommissioning. Multiple factors are evaluated to analyse the human operators' performance and workload. Also, direct human tele-operation is compared against human-supervised semi-autonomous control exploiting computer vision. Secondarily, a vision-guided solution towards enabling advanced control and automating the under-sensored robots is presented. Maintaining the coherence with real nuclear scenario, the experiments are conducted in the lab environment and results are discussed.