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Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques

Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques Book
Author : Narendra Tuteja,Renu Tuteja,Nishat Passricha,Shabnam Saifi
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-06-13
ISBN : 0128185821
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques presents updates on biotechnology and molecular biological approaches which have contributed significantly to crop improvement. The book discusses the emerging importance of bioinformatics in analyzing the vast resources of information regarding crop improvement and its practical application and utilization. Throughout this comprehensive resource, emphasis is placed on various techniques used to improve agricultural crops, providing a common platform for the utility of these techniques and their combinations. Written by an international team of contributors, this book provides an in-depth analysis of existing tools and a framework for new research. Reviews techniques used for crop improvement, from selection and crossing over, to microorganismal approaches Explores the role of conventional biotechnology in crop improvement Summarizes the combined approaches of cytogenetics and biotechnology for crop improvement, including the importance of molecular techniques in this process Focuses on the emerging role of bioinformatics for crop improvement

Phenotyping for Plant Breeding

Phenotyping for Plant Breeding Book
Author : Siva Kumar Panguluri,Are Ashok Kumar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-09
ISBN : 1461483204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant phenotyping is the thorough assessment of plant traits such as growth, development, adaptation, yield, quality, tolerance, resistance, architecture, and the basic measurement of individual quantitative parameters that form the basis for understanding of traits. Genetic approaches to understand plant growth and development have always benefitted from phenotyping techniques that are simple, rapid and measurable in units. The forward genetics approach is all about understanding the trait inheritance using the phenotypic data and in most cases it is the mutant phenotypes that formed the basis for understanding of gene functions. With rapid advancement of genotyping techniques, high throughput genotyping has become a reality at costs people never imagined to be that low, but the phenotypic methods did not receive same attention. However, without quality phenotyping data the genotyping data cannot be effectively put to use in plant improvement. Therefore efforts are underway to develop high-throughput phenotyping methods in plants to keep pace with revolutionary advancement in genotyping techniques to enhance the efficiency of crop improvement programs. Keeping this in mind, we described in this book the best phenomic tools available for trait improvement in some of the world’s most important crop plants.

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Cereals

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Cereals Book
Author : Jameel M. Al-Khayri,Shri Mohan Jain,Dennis V. Johnson
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-14
ISBN : 3030231089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the development of innovative modern methodologies towards augmenting conventional plant breeding, in individual crops, for the production of new crop varieties under the increasingly limiting environmental and cultivation factors to achieve sustainable agricultural production, enhanced food security, in addition to providing raw materials for innovative industrial products and pharmaceuticals. This Volume 5, subtitled Cereals, focuses on advances in breeding strategies using both traditional and modern approaches for the improvement of individual crops. It addresses important staple food crops including barley, fonio, finger millet, foxtail millet, pearl millet, proso millet, quinoa, rice, rye, tef, triticale and spelt wheat. The volume is contributed by 53 internationally reputable scientists from 14 countries. Each chapter comprehensively reviews the modern literature on the subject and reflects the authors own experience.

Molecular Marker Systems in Plant Breeding and Crop Improvement

Molecular Marker Systems in Plant Breeding and Crop Improvement Book
Author : Horst L?rz,Gerhard Wenzel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-10-04
ISBN : 9783540740063
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Successful release of new and better crop varieties increasingly requires genomics and molecular biology. This volume presents basic information on plant molecular marker techniques from marker location up to gene cloning. The text includes a description of technical approaches in genome analysis such as comparison of marker systems, positional cloning, and array techniques in 19 crop plants. A special section focuses on converting this knowledge into general and specific breeding strategies, particularly in relation to biotic stress. Theory and practice of marker assisted selection for QTL, gene pyramiding and the future of MAS are summarized and discussed for maize, wheat, and soybean. Furthermore, approaches in silviculture on the examples of Fagus, Populus, Eucalyptus, Picea and Abies are presented. The volume ends with a comprehensive review of the patents relevant for using molecular markers and marker assisted selection.

Biotechnology for Fruit Crop Improvement

Biotechnology for Fruit Crop Improvement Book
Author : Emerson Benjamin
Publisher : Scientific e-Resources
Release : 2018-09-06
ISBN : 1839471816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present book is a comprehensive, easy-to-use illustrated reference that provides essential facts on the world's top fruit crops. It attempts to describe the significant features of many of them including listing important cultivars and plant material together with principal growing concerns. Biotechnology is generally a technique that is used to modify the products of living organisms with the help of cell and tissue culture, molecular biology, to generate unique organisms with new traits. An overview of advances in biotechnology for fruit crop improvement is presented. Biotechnologies include: in vitro regeneration, embryo rescue, somaclonal variation, haploid, protoplast fusion, non-morphological markers, in vitro conservation of germplasm and recombinant DNA technology or genetic engineering. Novel strategies emanating from these new technologies offer tremendous potential to overcome some of the limitations of sexual hybridization. The application of biotechnology to fruit crops are discussed with an emphasis on limitations of conventional improvement methods and possible biotechnological resolutions. The present study gives us a wonderful panorama about the knowledge of biotechnology being used for the benefit of mankind, not only in India but also the world over, in one way or the other. The feature of this study lies in the balanced coverage of all the advancement of biotechnology. Keeping this in mind the present book has been shaped on various aspects of canopy management of biotechnology and fruit crops. This book covers all important fruits of temperate, tropical and sub-tropical.

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement Volume 2

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement  Volume 2 Book
Author : Satbir Singh Gosal,Shabir Hussain Wani
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-09
ISBN : 331990650X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past 15 years, cellular and molecular approaches have emerged as valuable adjuncts to supplement and complement conventional breeding methods for a wide variety of crop plants. Biotechnology increasingly plays a role in the creation, conservation, characterization and utilization of genetic variability for germplasm enhancement. For instance, anther/microspore culture, somaclonal variation, embryo culture and somatic hybridization are being exploited for obtaining incremental improvement in the existing cultivars. In addition, genes that confer insect- and disease-resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, herbicide tolerance and quality traits have been isolated and re-introduced into otherwise sensitive or susceptible species by a variety of transgenic techniques. Together these transformative methodologies grant access to a greater repertoire of genetic diversity as the gene(s) may come from viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, animals, human beings, unrelated plants or even be artificially derived. Remarkable achievements have been made in the production, characterization, field evaluation and commercialization of transgenic crop varieties worldwide. Likewise, significant advances have been made towards increasing crop yields, improving nutritional quality, enabling crops to be raised under adverse conditions and developing resistance to pests and diseases for sustaining global food and nutritional security. The overarching purpose of this 3-volume work is to summarize the history of crop improvement from a technological perspective but to do so with a forward outlook on further advancement and adaptability to a changing world. Our carefully chosen “case studies of important plant crops” intend to serve a diverse spectrum of audience looking for the right tools to tackle complicated local and global issues.

Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes

Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes Book
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad,Mohd Rafiq Wani,Mohamed Mahgoub Azooz,Lam-Son Phan Tran
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-12
ISBN : 1461488303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current trends in population growth hint that global food production is unlikely to gratify future demands under predicted climate change scenarios unless the rates of crop improvement are accelerated. Crop production faces numerous challenges, due to changing environmental conditions and evolving needs for new plant-derived materials. These challenges come at a time when the plant sciences are witnessing remarkable progress in understanding fundamental processes of plant growth and development. Drought, heat, cold and salinity are among the major abiotic stresses that often cause a series of morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular alterations which adversely affect plant growth, development and productivity, consequently posing a serious challenge for sustainable food production in large parts of the world, particularly in emerging countries. This emphasizes the urgency of finding better ways to translate new advances in plant science into concrete successes in agricultural production. To overcome the pessimistic influence of abiotic stresses and to maintain the food security in the face of these challenges, new, improved and tolerant crop varieties, contemporary breeding techniques, and cavernous understanding of the mechanisms that counteract detrimental climate changes are indubitably needed to sustain the requisite food supply. In this context, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 provides a state-of-the-art guide to recent developments that aid in the understanding of plant responses to abiotic stresses and lead to new horizons vis-à-vis prime strategies for translating current research into applied solutions to create strong yields and overall crop improvement under such unfavourable environments. Written by a diverse group of internationally famed scholars, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 is a brief yet all-inclusive resource that is immensely advantageous for researchers, students, environmentalists, soil scientists, professionals, and many others in the quest of advancement in this flourishing field of research.

Genetics And Plant Breeding

Genetics And Plant Breeding Book
Author : L.D. Vijendra Das
Publisher : New Age International
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 812241575X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Book Has Been Carefully Planned For The Requirement Of Students Of Botany Or Agricultural Botany And Also To The Plant Breeders. The Book Covers Ugc Syllabus In A Detailed Manner. The First Part Of The Book Deals With Genetics, Starting With Mendelian Experiments And Principles. The Subsequent Chapters Like Multiple Allelism, Multiple Factor Hypothesis, Linkage, Sex Chromosomes, Maternal Influence, Alterations In Genetic Make Up, Types Of Plant Reproduction, Methods Of Plant Improvement, Mutations, Laboratory Exercises Have Been Dealt In Details.The Second Part Starts Simply With Plant Breeding Concepts Of Ideotype And Gradually Advances To Genotype X Environment Interaction, Stress And Drought Conditions And Various Problems In The Breeding Strategy In Later Chapters. The Book Also Deals With Fundamental Study Like Plant Genetic Resources And Inter Specific Crosses Including Evolution Of Polyploid Crops. With The Advancement Of Science, The Book Also Deals Further With Somaclonal Variation, Genetic Manipulation, Gene Transfers And Also Nucleic Acid Hybridization. The Rflp Technique Is Gaining Importance Now-A-Days And Hence A Detailed Account Has Been Given In The Last Chapter.

Omics Technologies and Crop Improvement

Omics Technologies and Crop Improvement Book
Author : Noureddine Benkeblia
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-10-14
ISBN : 1466586699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Increased world population, decreased water supply, and climate change all put stresses on the global food supply. An exploration of the challenges and possible solutions to improve yields of the main crops, such as cereals, roots, tubers, and grasses, Omics Technologies and Crop Improvement reviews data on food sciences and omics. The book covers

Gamma field symposia

Gamma field symposia Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Gamma field symposia book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Hindu Survey of Indian Agriculture

The Hindu Survey of Indian Agriculture Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Hindu Survey of Indian Agriculture book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes

Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes Book
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad,Mohd Rafiq Wani,Mohamed Mahgoub Azooz,Lam-Son Phan Tran
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-11-12
ISBN : 9781461488293
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current trends in population growth hint that global food production is unlikely to gratify future demands under predicted climate change scenarios unless the rates of crop improvement are accelerated. Crop production faces numerous challenges, due to changing environmental conditions and evolving needs for new plant-derived materials. These challenges come at a time when the plant sciences are witnessing remarkable progress in understanding fundamental processes of plant growth and development. Drought, heat, cold and salinity are among the major abiotic stresses that often cause a series of morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular alterations which adversely affect plant growth, development and productivity, consequently posing a serious challenge for sustainable food production in large parts of the world, particularly in emerging countries. This emphasizes the urgency of finding better ways to translate new advances in plant science into concrete successes in agricultural production. To overcome the pessimistic influence of abiotic stresses and to maintain the food security in the face of these challenges, new, improved and tolerant crop varieties, contemporary breeding techniques, and cavernous understanding of the mechanisms that counteract detrimental climate changes are indubitably needed to sustain the requisite food supply. In this context, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 provides a state-of-the-art guide to recent developments that aid in the understanding of plant responses to abiotic stresses and lead to new horizons vis-à-vis prime strategies for translating current research into applied solutions to create strong yields and overall crop improvement under such unfavourable environments. Written by a diverse group of internationally famed scholars, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 is a brief yet all-inclusive resource that is immensely advantageous for researchers, students, environmentalists, soil scientists, professionals, and many others in the quest of advancement in this flourishing field of research.

Advances in Hemp Research

Advances in Hemp Research Book
Author : Paoli Ranalli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-01-22
ISBN : 9781560228721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offering up-to-date information on the uses and composition of the plant, Advances in Hemp Research provides growers, researchers, manufacturers, and suppliers with methods and data for the processing and cultivation of hemp for textile and paper products. You will learn how recent advances in germplasm resources, breeding methods, and the improvement of physiological, morphological, and biochemical characteristics of the plant can strengthen hemp fiber, making it a profitable and important crop to study and to grow for uses in the textile and paper industries. Providing you with a complete update on the advances in research in several different areas, this text covers the entire spectrum of recent international hemp research and technological developments. Advances in Hemp Research discusses many factors essential to the improvement of the crop and its uses, including: breeding techniques, agronomical practices, increased stress tolerance, and processing techniques that will enable the plant to produce high-quality fibers new cultivars to distinguish licit from illicit field cultivation the recent advances in crop physiology, such as radiation use efficiency, harvest index, and dry matter yields cultivation practices such as soil structure, manuring, harvesting, and crop rotation and how they contribute to optimal growing conditions for the plant current disease and control measures that lessen parasitic damage and loss of crops storing, processing, and marketing hemp as a component of paper, pulp, fiber, and oil Furthering the advancement of cannabis as an environmentally friendly and useful crop, this text supplies you with the information you need to successfully grow healthier and more resilient plants. Advances in Hemp Research will benefit your breeding studies or your business ventures by providing you with information and laboratory results that will help you successfully grow the cannabis plant for commercial use.

Advances in Plant Breeding

Advances in Plant Breeding Book
Author : A. K. Mandal,P. K. Ganguli,Sankari Prasad Banerjee
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in Plant Breeding book written by A. K. Mandal,P. K. Ganguli,Sankari Prasad Banerjee, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Caribbean Forester

The Caribbean Forester Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1953
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Caribbean Forester book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement Volume 1

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement  Volume 1 Book
Author : Satbir Singh Gosal,Shabir Hussain Wani
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-24
ISBN : 9783030086633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past 15 years, cellular and molecular approaches have emerged as valuable adjuncts to supplement and complement conventional breeding methods for a wide variety of crop plants. Biotechnology increasingly plays a role in the creation, conservation, characterization and utilization of genetic variability for germplasm enhancement. For instance, anther/microspore culture, somaclonal variation, embryo culture and somatic hybridization are being exploited for obtaining incremental improvement in the existing cultivars. In addition, genes that confer insect- and disease-resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, herbicide tolerance and quality traits have been isolated and re-introduced into otherwise sensitive or susceptible species by a variety of transgenic techniques. Together these transformative methodologies grant access to a greater repertoire of genetic diversity as the gene(s) may come from viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, animals, human beings, unrelated plants or even be artificially derived. Remarkable achievements have been made in the production, characterization, field evaluation and commercialization of transgenic crop varieties worldwide. Likewise, significant advances have been made towards increasing crop yields, improving nutritional quality, enabling crops to be raised under adverse conditions and developing resistance to pests and diseases for sustaining global food and nutritional security. The overarching purpose of this 3-volume work is to summarize the history of crop improvement from a technological perspective but to do so with a forward outlook on further advancement and adaptability to a changing world. Our carefully chosen "case studies of important plant crops" intend to serve a diverse spectrum of audience looking for the right tools to tackle complicated local and global issues.

The State of Food and Agriculture

The State of Food and Agriculture Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The State of Food and Agriculture book written by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Seeds and World Agricultural Progress

Seeds and World Agricultural Progress Book
Author : Neil McMullen
Publisher : National Planning Assn
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Seeds and World Agricultural Progress book written by Neil McMullen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Crop Improvement

Crop Improvement Book
Author : Neelam Setia
Publisher : I. K. International Pvt Ltd
Release : 2008-01-01
ISBN : 9788189866785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The research in agricultural sciences is taking great strides with advancement in methodologies and techniques. It, therefore, becomes important to maintain pace as well as update oneself on the recent happenings in agricultural research. The present book is an effort to compile the recent information involving different articles pertaining to genomics, physiology, biochemistry, diseases and abiotic stresses. Thus, the chapters provide information on ''omics'' of plants that covers genomics, proteomics and metabolomics, molecular techniques for crop improvement, gene silencing, marker-assisted selection for crops, biotechnology and genetic engineering for developing stress tolerant crops, elicitor biotechnology, salt stress effects, heavy metal stress and phytoremediation, genetics of wheat rust resistance, improvement of Brassicas, nutritional aspects of cereals and genetic transformation of fruit crops. The book would be useful to the students and scientists working in the areas of agricultural research, and would provide current knowledge of diverse research areas through the reviews written by subject experts