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Advanced Technology For The Conversion Of Waste Into Fuels And Chemicals

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Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals Book
Author : Anish Khan,Mohammad Jawaid,A. Pizzi,Naved Azum,Abdullah M. Asiri,Illyas M.D. Isa
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-03-15
ISBN : 9780128231395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Huge volumes of solid waste are produced globally while, at the same time, huge amounts of energy are produced from fossil fuels. Waste to energy (WTE) technologies are developing rapidly, holding out the potential to make clean, sustainable power from waste material. Energy producible from the burning of solid waste represents an elective energy supply that can help reduce reliance on ordinary petroleum derivatives. WTE advances physically convert waste material - beyond the commonplace notion of large incinerators used to produced heat from garbage - into increasingly valuable types of fuel that can be used to supply energy. These WTE procedures incorporate various methods and blended approaches, and present an enormous opportunity for clean, sustainable energy. Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals presents advanced techniques and combined techniques - including combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion, and fermentation - that can be used to convert waste to energy. The title focuses on solid waste conversion to fuel and energy, and presents the latest advances in the design, manufacture, and application of conversion technologies. Contributors are brought together from the fields of physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and manufacturing, to present a truly trans-disciplinary picture of the field of waste to energy conversion. Twenty-eight chapters cover every important aspect of advances in the conversion of solid waste into fuel and chemicals, describing how valuable energy can be recouped from various waste materials. Presents the latest advances in waste to energy techniques for converting solid waste to valuable fuel and energy Brings together contributors from physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and the manufacturing industry Includes advanced techniques such as combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion, and fermentation Goes far beyond municipal waste, to the recouping of valuable energy from a variety of industrial waste materials Describes how waste to energy technologies present an enormous opportunity for clean, sustainable energy

Countdown to Kyoto Parts I III

Countdown to Kyoto  Parts I III Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy and Environment
Publisher :
Release : 1998
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels

Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels Book
Author : Navanietha Krishnaraj Rathinam,Rajesh Sani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-25
ISBN : 012817952X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels addresses advanced technologies for converting waste to biofuels and value-added products. Biovalorisation has several advantages over conventional bioremediation processes as it helps reduce the costs of bioprocesses. Examples are provided of several successfully commercialized technologies, giving insight into developing, potential processes for biovalorisation of different wastes. Different bioprocess strategies are discussed for valorising the wastes coming from the leather industry, olive oil industry, pulp and paper, winery, textile, and food industries, as well as aquaculture. A section on biorefinery for hydrocarbons and emerging contaminants is included to cover concepts on biodesulfurization of petroleum wastes, leaching of heavy metals from E – waste, and bioelectrochemical processes for CO2. Chapters on algal biorefinery are also included to focus on the technologies for conversion of CO2 sequestration and wastewater utilization. Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels can be used as course material for graduate students in chemical engineering, chemistry, and biotechnology, and as a reference for industrial professionals and researchers who want to gain a basic understanding on the subject. Covers a wide range of topics, from the conversion of wastes to organic acids, biofuels, biopolymers and industrially relevant products Bridges the gap between academics and industry Written in a lucid and self-explanatory style Includes activities/quiz/critical questions

Thermal Engineering in Power Systems

Thermal Engineering in Power Systems Book
Author : Ryoichi Amano,Bengt Sundén
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2008-01-01
ISBN : 1845640624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research and development in thermal engineering for power systems are of significant importance to many scientists who are engaged in research and design work in power-related industries and laboratories. This book focuses on variety of research areas including Components of Compressor and Turbines that are used for both electric power systems and aero engines, Fuel Cells, Energy Conversion, and Energy Reuse and Recycling Systems. To be competitive in today's market, power systems need to reduce the operating costs, increase capacity factors and deal with many other tough issues. Heat Transfer and fluid flow issues are of great significance and it is likely that a state-of-the-art edited book with reference to power systems will make a contribution for design and R&D engineers and the development towards sustainable energy systems.

Recent Advancements in Biofuels and Bioenergy Utilization

Recent Advancements in Biofuels and Bioenergy Utilization Book
Author : Prakash Kumar Sarangi,Sonil Nanda,Pravakar Mohanty
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-29
ISBN : 9811313075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concerns relating to global warming, climate change, and increasing energy demands have led to significant research towards the development of alternative energy to substitute the fossil energy sources. Biomass-based energy or biofuels are highly promising due to many perceptible environmental and socio-economic advantages. Cutting-edge academic research and advanced industrial product development have created tremendous scope for the implementation of biofuels at a global scale to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and supplement the escalating energy demands. The prime focus of this book is to provide an overview of the different technologies utilized to harness the chemical energy from plant-based non-edible biomass and other organic wastes in the form of solid, liquid, and gaseous biofuels. The opportunities and challenges of different biomass conversion technologies, especially biomass-to-liquid, biomass-to-gas and gas-to-liquid routes, as well as biomass pretreatments, densification, anaerobic digestion, reforming, transesterification, supercritical fluid extraction, microalgal carbon sequestration, life-cycle assessment and techno-economic analysis have been comprehensively discussed in this book. This book is an amalgamation of fifteen different chapters each with distinctive investigations and a collective focus relating to the transition from fossil fuels towards carbon-neutral biofuels. This book serves as a benchmark for academic and industrial researchers involved in exploring the true potentials of plant residues and waste organic matter to produce alternative renewable fuels. To realize the real promises of bioenergy, this book attempts to assess the biorefining approaches, biofuel production and application, and environmental sustainability.

Waste Biorefinery

Waste Biorefinery Book
Author : Thallada Bhaskar,Ashok Pandey,S.Venkata Mohan,Duu-Jong Lee,Samir Kumar Khanal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-04-13
ISBN : 0444639934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waste Biorefinery: Potential and Perspectives offers data-based information on the most cutting-edge processes for the utilisation of biogenic waste to produce biofuels, energy products, and biochemicals – a critical aspect of biorefinery. The book explores recent developments in biochemical and thermo-chemical methods of conversion and the potential generated by different kinds of biomass in more decentralized biorefineries. Additionally, the book discusses the move from 200 years of raw fossil materials to renewable resources and how this shift is accompanied by fundamental changes in industrial manufacturing technologies (from chemistry to biochemistry) and in logistics and manufacturing concepts (from petrochemical refineries to biorefineries). Waste Biorefinery: Potential and Perspectives designs concepts that enable modern biorefineries to utilize all types of biogenic wastes, and to integrate processes that convert byproduct streams to high-value products, achieving higher cost benefits. This book is an essential resource for researchers and students studying biomass, biorefineries, and biofuels/products/processes, as well as chemists, biochemical/chemical engineers, microbiologists, and biotechnologists working in industries and government agencies. Details the most advanced and innovative methods for biomass conversion Covers biochemical and thermo-chemical processes as well as product development Discusses the integration of technologies to produce bio-fuels, energy products, and biochemicals Illustrates specific applications in numerous case studies for reference and teaching purposes

Thermal Energy

Thermal Energy Book
Author : Yatish T. Shah
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-12
ISBN : 1315305933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book details sources of thermal energy, methods of capture, and applications. It describes the basics of thermal energy, including measuring thermal energy, laws of thermodynamics that govern its use and transformation, modes of thermal energy, conventional processes, devices and materials, and the methods by which it is transferred. It covers 8 sources of thermal energy: combustion, fusion (solar) fission (nuclear), geothermal, microwave, plasma, waste heat, and thermal energy storage. In each case, the methods of production and capture and its uses are described in detail. It also discusses novel processes and devices used to improve transfer and transformation processes.

Coal Power Systems

Coal   Power Systems Book
Author : United States. Office of Fossil Energy
Publisher :
Release : 2001
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioenergy Research Advances and Applications

Bioenergy Research  Advances and Applications Book
Author : Vijai G. Gupta,Maria Tuohy,Christian P Kubicek,Jack Saddler,Feng Xu
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0444595643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications brings biology and engineering together to address the challenges of future energy needs. The book consolidates the most recent research on current technologies, concepts, and commercial developments in various types of widely used biofuels and integrated biorefineries, across the disciplines of biochemistry, biotechnology, phytology, and microbiology. All the chapters in the book are derived from international scientific experts in their respective research areas. They provide you with clear and concise information on both standard and more recent bioenergy production methods, including hydrolysis and microbial fermentation. Chapters are also designed to facilitate early stage researchers, and enables you to easily grasp the concepts, methodologies and application of bioenergy technologies. Each chapter in the book describes the merits and drawbacks of each technology as well as its usefulness. The book provides information on recent approaches to graduates, post-graduates, researchers and practitioners studying and working in field of the bioenergy. It is an invaluable information resource on biomass-based biofuels for fundamental and applied research, catering to researchers in the areas of bio-hydrogen, bioethanol, bio-methane and biorefineries, and the use of microbial processes in the conversion of biomass into biofuels. Reviews all existing and promising technologies for production of advanced biofuels in addition to bioenergy policies and research funding Cutting-edge research concepts for biofuels production using biological and biochemical routes, including microbial fuel cells Includes production methods and conversion processes for all types of biofuels, including bioethanol and biohydrogen, and outlines the pros and cons of each

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass Book
Author : Ashok Pandey,Thallada Bhaskar,Michael Stöcker,Rajeev Sukumaran
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-01-28
ISBN : 0444632905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides general information and data on one of the most promising renewable energy sources: biomass for its thermochemical conversion. During the last few years, there has been increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular to develop low-cost technologies. This book provides date-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative processing of biomass as well as the process development elements on thermochemical processing of biomass for the production of biofuels and bio-products on (biomass-based biorefinery). The conversion of biomass to biofuels and other value-added products on the principle biorefinery offers potential from technological perspectives as alternate energy. The book covers intensive R&D and technological developments done during the last few years in the area of renewable energy utilizing biomass as feedstock and will be highly beneficial for the researchers, scientists and engineers working in the area of biomass-biofuels- biorefinery. Provides the most advanced and innovative thermochemical conversion technology for biomass Provides information on large scales such as thermochemical biorefinery Useful for researchers intending to study scale up Serves as both a textbook for graduate students and a reference book for researchers Provides information on integration of process and technology on thermochemical conversion of biomass

Gasification of Waste Materials

Gasification of Waste Materials Book
Author : Simona Ciuta,Demetra Tsiamis,Marco J. Castaldi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-24
ISBN : 0128127171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gasification of Waste Materials: Technologies for Generating Energy, Gas and Chemicals from MSW, Biomass, Non-recycled Plastics, Sludges and Wet Solid Wastes explores the most recent gasification technologies developing worldwide to convert waste solids to energy and synthesis gas and chemical products. The authors examine the thermodynamic aspects, accepted reaction mechanisms and kinetic constraints of using municipal solid waste (MSW), biomass, non-recycled plastics (NRP), sludges and wet solid wastes as feedstock. They identify the distinctions between pyrolysis, gasification, plasma, hydrothermal gasification, and supercritical systems. A comprehensive summary of laboratory and demonstration activities is presented, as well as field scale systems that have been in operation using solid waste streams as input, highlighting their areas of disconnect and alignment. The book also provides a summary of information on emissions from the stack, comparing them with other thermal conversion systems using similar feedstock. It then goes on to assess the areas that must be improved to ensure gasification systems become as successful as combustion systems operating on waste streams, ranging from feedstock processing to gasifier output gas clean-up, downstream system requirements and corrosion. The economics and future projections for waste gasification systems are also discussed. For its consolidation of the current technical knowledge, this text is recommended for engineering researchers, graduate students, industry professionals, municipal engineers and decision makers when planning, designing and deploying waste to energy projects, especially those using MSW as feedstock. Provides field demonstrations of large scale systems, their results and the challenges that need to be overcome when developing commercial applications and possible solutions Presents the most recent technologies in lab and demonstration scale Examines the critical development needs and real life challenges for the deployment of waste to energy technologies Provides information on the economics and sustainability of these technologies, as well as their future perspectives

Advances in Biorefineries

Advances in Biorefineries Book
Author : Keith Waldron
Publisher : Woodhead Pub Limited
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9780857095213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annotation Professor Keith Waldron is Senior Scientist at the Institute of Food Research, UK where he is head of the "Sustainability of the Food Chain Exploitation Platform". His current research interests include the development of biofuels and platform chemicals from agri-food chain waste biomass. He is also the Editor of "Handbook of waste management and co-product recovery in food processing, Volumes 1 and 2" (Woodhead, 2007 and 2009) and "Bioalcohol production: Biochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass" (Woodhead, 2010).

Plastics Waste

Plastics Waste Book
Author : A. Tukker
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781859573310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report examines the issue of converting plastics waste into energy and/or useful chemicals. Much plastic material is discarded as waste, such as packaging and end-of-life vehicle components. This report introduces the different waste management options. It discusses the methods available for treating mixed plastics waste and PVC-rich plastics waste. The emphasis in this report is on technologies which are already being used or assessed for use on a commercial scale. Comparisons are made between the different types of recycling currently available in terms of life cycle assessment and environmental impact. Feedstock recycling is discussed extensively in this review. This report is accompanied by around 400 abstracts from papers in the Rapra Polymer Library database.

Future Survey Annual 1991

Future Survey Annual 1991 Book
Author : Michael Marien
Publisher : Transaction Publishers
Release : 1991-01-01
ISBN : 9780930242428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical Pretreatment of Nuclear Waste for Disposal

Chemical Pretreatment of Nuclear Waste for Disposal Book
Author : E.P. Horwitz,W.W. Schulz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461525268
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical pretreatment of nuclear wastes refers to the sequence of separations processes used to partition such wastes into a small volume of high-level waste for deep geologic disposal and a larger volume of low-level waste for disposal in a near-surface facility. Pretreatment of nuclear wastes now stored at several U. S. Department of Energy sites ranges from simple solid-liquid separations to more complex chemical steps, such as dissolution of sludges and removal of selected radionuclides, e. g. , 90Sr, 99Tc, 137CS, and TRU (transuranium) elements. The driving force for development of chemical pretreatment processes for nuclear wastes is the economic advantage of waste minimization as reflected in lower costs for near-surface disposal compared to the high cost of disposing of wastes in a deep geologic repository. This latter theme is expertly and authoritatively discussed in the introductory paper by J. and L. Bell. Seven papers in this volume describe several separations processes developed or being developed to pretreat the large volume of nuclear wastes stored at the US DOE Hanford and Savannah River sites. These papers include descriptions of the type and amount of important nuclear wastes stored at the Hanford and Savannah River sites as well as presently envisioned strategies for their treatment and final disposal. A paper by Strachan et al. discusses chemical and radiolytic mechanisms for the formation and release of potentially explosive hydrogen gas in Tank 241-SY-101 at the Hanford site.

Polysaccharides

Polysaccharides Book
Author : Severian Dumitriu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-11-30
ISBN : 1420030825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Completely revised and expanded to reflect the latest advancements in the field, Polysaccharides: Structural Diversity and Functional Versatility, Second Edition outlines fundamental concepts in the structure, function, chemistry, and stability of polysaccharides and reveals new analytical techniques and applications currently impacting the cosmetic, medicinal, chemical, and biochemical industries. The authoritative book discusses polysaccharides utilized in medical applications such as polysaccharide-based hydrogels, polysialic acids, proteoglycans, glycolipids, and anticoagulant polysaccharides; renewable resources for the production of various industrial chemicals and engineering plastics polysaccharides; and more.

Biorefinery

Biorefinery Book
Author : Michele Aresta,Angela Dibenedetto,Franck Dumeignil
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2012-08-31
ISBN : 311026028X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an introduction to the basic science and technologies for the conversion of biomass (terrestrial and aquatic) into chemicals and fuels, as well as an overview of innovations in the field. The entire value chain for converting raw materials into platform molecules and their transformation into final products are presented in detail. Both cellulosic and oleaginous biomass are considered. The book contains contributions by both academic scientists and industrial technologists so that each topic combines state-of-the-art scientific knowledge with innovative technologies relevant to chemical industries.

ASES 86

ASES  86 Book
Author : American Solar Energy Society. Meeting
Publisher : American Solar Energy Society, Incorporated
Release : 1986
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :