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Advanced Pedots Thermoelectric Materials

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Advanced PEDOT Thermoelectric Materials

Advanced PEDOT Thermoelectric Materials Book
Author : Fengxing Jiang,Congcong Liu,Jingkun Xu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-02
ISBN : 012821550X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PEDOT is currently the most widely used polymeric material in research and development. Over the past 10 years, PEDOT has been investigated for potential organic thermoelectric applications because of its superior thermoelectric and mechanical properties compared with other conductive polymers. However, many challenges remain to be solved before it is translated into key technologies. Advanced PEDOT Thermoelectric Materials summarizes current progress and the challenges of PEDOT thermoelectric materials, while clarifying directions for future development. This book provides a comprehensive overview of chemical, physical, and technical information about this organic thermoelectric polymer. The authors also give details about the theoretical basis of PEDOT, including preparation and characterization, and its development as a high-performance thermoelectric material. Provides an overview of techniques to optimize the thermoelectric performance of PEDOT materials. Introduces the fundamentals of PEDOT, including material synthesis, characterization, preparation, thermal transport, and more. Discusses emerging applications in thermoelectric devices and future directions.

Advanced PEDOT Thermoelectric Materials

Advanced PEDOT Thermoelectric Materials Book
Author : Fengxing Jiang,Congcong Liu,Jingkun Xu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-10-27
ISBN : 0128232277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PEDOT is currently the most widely used polymeric material in research and development. Over the past 10 years, PEDOT has been investigated for potential organic thermoelectric applications because of its superior thermoelectric and mechanical properties compared with other conductive polymers. However, many challenges remain to be solved before it is translated into key technologies. Advanced PEDOT Thermoelectric Materials summarizes current progress and the challenges of PEDOT thermoelectric materials, while clarifying directions for future development. This book provides a comprehensive overview of chemical, physical, and technical information about this organic thermoelectric polymer. The authors also give details about the theoretical basis of PEDOT, including preparation and characterization, and its development as a high-performance thermoelectric material. Provides an overview of techniques to optimize the thermoelectric performance of PEDOT materials. Introduces the fundamentals of PEDOT, including material synthesis, characterization, preparation, thermal transport, and more. Discusses emerging applications in thermoelectric devices and future directions.

Flexible Thermoelectric Polymers and Systems

Flexible Thermoelectric Polymers and Systems Book
Author : Jianyong Ouyang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-01-20
ISBN : 1119550637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Flexible Thermoelectric Polymers and Systems Comprehensive review of the rapidly evolving field of flexible thermoelectric polymers Flexible Thermoelectric Polymers and Systems delivers an expansive exploration of the most recent developments in flexible thermoelectric polymers and composites, as well as their applications in thermoelectric generators and Peltier coolers. The book focuses on novel designs and applications of technologies such as low-dimensional thermoelectric materials and how the latest advances have begun to overcome problems including poor mechanical flexibility and high fabrication costs. The book begins with a review of the fundamentals of thermoelectric materials, including discussions of the properties of thermoelectric materials, the Seebeck, Peltier, and Thomson effects, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and thermoelectric generators, cooling, and sensors. It goes on to discuss more advanced developments in the field, such as flexible thermoelectric plastics and the thermoelectric properties of conducting polymers with ionic conductors. The book also includes: Thorough introductions to thermoelectric materials and systems, as well as the chemistry and physics of intrinsically conductive polymers Comprehensive explorations of thermoelectric PEDOTs, p-type thermoelectric polymers, and N-type thermoelectric polymers Practical discussions of thermoelectric composites of carbon nanotubes, graphene, and nanomaterials In-depth examinations of polymer composites of inorganic thermoelectric semiconductors Perfect for academic and industrial researchers and engineers in physics, materials science, chemistry, and engineering, Flexible Thermoelectric Polymers and Systems is also an indispensable resource for graduate students and early-career professionals working in those fields.

Organic Thermoelectric Materials

Organic Thermoelectric Materials Book
Author : Zhiqun Lin,Ming He
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2019-10-18
ISBN : 1788019164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermoelectric materials have received a great deal of attention in energy-harvesting and cooling applications, primarily due to their intrinsic low cost, energy efficient and eco-friendly nature. The past decade has witnessed heretofore-unseen advances in organic-based thermoelectric materials and devices. This title summarises the significant progress that has been made in the molecular design, physical characterization, and performance optimization of organic thermoelectric materials, focusing on effective routes to minimize thermal conductivity and maximize power factor. Featuring a series of state-of-the-art strategies for enhancing the thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) of organic thermoelectricity, and highlighting cutting-edge concepts to promote the performance of organic thermoelectricity, chapters will strengthen the exploration of new high-ZT thermoelectric materials and their potential applications. With contributions from leading worldwide authors, Organic Thermoelectric Materials will appeal to graduate students as well as academic and industrial researchers across chemistry, materials science, physics and engineering interested in the materials and their applications.

Thermoelectrics for Power Generation

Thermoelectrics for Power Generation Book
Author : Mikhail Nikitin,Sergey Skipidarov
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-12-21
ISBN : 9535128450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermoelectrics for Power Generation - A Look at Trends in the Technology is the first part of the InTech collection of international community works in the field of thermoelectric power generation. The authors from many counties have presented in this book their achievements and vision for the future development in different aspects of thermoelectric power generation. Remarkably, this hot topic unites together efforts of researchers and engineers from all continents of our planet. The reader will find in the book a lot of new interesting information concerning prospective materials for thermoelectric generators, both inorganic and organic; results of theoretical studies of materials characteristics; novel methods and apparatus for measuring performance of thermoelectric materials and devices; and thermoelectric power generator simulation, modeling, design, and practice.

Thermoelectric Materials and Devices

Thermoelectric Materials and Devices Book
Author : Iris Nandhakumar,Neil M. White,Stephen Beeby
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2017
ISBN : 178262323X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Authoritative account of recent developments in thermoelectric materials and devices for power energy harvesting applications, ideal for researchers and industrialists in materials science.

PEDOT

PEDOT Book
Author : Andreas Elschner,Stephan Kirchmeyer,Wilfried Lovenich,Udo Merker,Knud Reuter
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-11-02
ISBN : 9781420069129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The unparalleled large-scale commercial application of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), otherwise known as PEDOT, continues to fuel a need for literature about it that is concise, easily available, but sufficiently comprehensive. Designed to meet the requirements of readers from different areas of expertise and experience with the substance, PEDOT: Principles and Applications of an Intrinsically Conductive Polymer provides a comprehensive overview of chemical, physical, and technical information about this preeminent and most forwardly developed electrically conductive polymer. An indispensable resource for researchers, developers, and users of PEDOT—written by the researchers who succeeded in commercializing it A necessary response to the massive interest—as well as patents and papers—spawned by PEDOT, this handbook provides basic knowledge and explores technical applications, based on information generated by universities and academic research, as well as by industrial scientists. Available in various formulations and conductivities, this versatile PEDOT can be adapted for the needs and specific industrial applications of its different users. Although valuable information exists in handbooks on polythiophene chemistry and physics, under which PEDOT falls, until now, few if any books have focused exclusively on this important conducting polymer—certainly not one that so completely elucidates both its experimental and practical aspects. This book: Begins with a brief history of conducting polymers and polythiophenes Describes the invention of PEDOT and its commercial outgrowth, PEDOT:PSS Emphasizes key technical and commercial aspects and usage of PEDOT and how they have stimulated scientific research in a wide range of fields Explains the chemical and physical background for PEDOT in terms of its primary use and incorporation in products including cellular phones and flat panel displays Valuable for readers at any level of familiarity with PEDOT, this one-stop compilation of information offers specialists several unpublished results from the authors’ celebrated work, as well as often overlooked information from patents. Balancing sufficient detail and references for further study, this book is a powerful tool for anyone working in the field.

Nanogenerators in Korea

Nanogenerators in Korea Book
Author : Dukhyun Choi,Yong Tae Park
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-02-27
ISBN : 3038976229
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fossil fuels leaded the 21st century industrial revolution but caused some critical problems such as exhaustion of resources and global warming. Also, current power plants require too much high cost and long time for establishment and facilities to provide electricity. Thus, developing new power production systems with environmental friendliness and low-cost is critical global needs. There are some emerging energy harvesting technologies such as thermoelectric, piezoelectric, and triboelectric nanogenerators, which have great advantages on eco-friendly low-cost materials, simple fabrication, and various operating sources. Since the introduction of various energy harvesting technologies, many novel designs and applications as power suppliers and physical sensors in the world have been demonstrated based on their unique advantages. In this Special Issue, we would like to address and share basic approaches, new designs, and industrial applications related to thermoelectric, piezoelectric, and triboelectric devices which are on-going in Korea. With this Special Issue, we aim to promote fundamental understanding and to find novel ways to achieve industrial product manufacturing for energy harvesters.

Thermoelectric Materials and Devices

Thermoelectric Materials and Devices Book
Author : Lidong Chen,Ruiheng Liu,Xui Shi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-09-25
ISBN : 0128184140
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermoelectric Materials and Devices summarizes the latest research achievements over the past 20 years of thermoelectric material and devices, most notably including new theory and strategies of thermoelectric materials design and the new technology of device integration. The book's author has provided a bridge between the knowledge of basic physical/chemical principles and the fabrication technology of thermoelectric materials and devices, providing readers with research and development strategies for high performance thermoelectric materials and devices. It will be a vital resource for graduate students, researchers and technologists working in the field of energy conversion and the development of thermoelectric devices. Discusses the new theory and methods of thermoelectric materials design Combines scientific principles, along with synthesis and fabrication technologies in thermoelectric materials Presents the design optimization and interface technology for thermoelectric devices Introduces thermoelectric polymers and organic-inorganic thermoelectric composites

Flexible and Stretchable Electronics

Flexible and Stretchable Electronics Book
Author : Seung Hwan Ko,Daeho Lee,Zhigang Wu
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-07-04
ISBN : 3038424366
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Flexible and Stretchable Electronics" that was published in Micromachines

Conjugated Polyelectrolytes

Conjugated Polyelectrolytes Book
Author : Bin Liu,Guillermo C. Bazan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-08-07
ISBN : 3527655727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first monograph to specifically focus on fundamentals and applications of polyelectrolytes, a class of molecules that gained substantial interest due to their unique combination of properties. Combining both features of organic semiconductors and polyelectrolytes, they offer a broad field for fundamental research as well as applications to analytical chemistry, optical imaging, and opto-electronic devices. The initial chapters introduce readers to the synthesis, optical and electrical properties of various conjugated polyelectrolytes. This is followed by chapters on the applications of these materials in optical sensing and imaging with emphasis on biological systems, while the final section addresses the emerging applications of conjugated polyelectrolytes in optoelectronic devices, concluding with an in-depth discussion of structure-property relationship. The editors and contributors are all pioneers and experts in this expanding field. This monograph is not only for chemists, materials scientists, and physicists, but also a unique source of knowledge for readers with scientific background interested in polyelectrolytes.

Polymer Materials for Energy and Electronic Applications

Polymer Materials for Energy and Electronic Applications Book
Author : Huisheng Peng,Xuemei Sun,Wei Weng,Xin Fang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-09-01
ISBN : 0128110929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer Materials for Energy and Electronic Applications is among the first books to systematically describe the recent developments in polymer materials and their electronic applications. It covers the synthesis, structures, and properties of polymers, along with their composites. In addition, the book introduces, and describes, four main kinds of electronic devices based on polymers, including energy harvesting devices, energy storage devices, light-emitting devices, and electrically driving sensors. Stretchable and wearable electronics based on polymers are a particular focus and main achievement of the book that concludes with the future developments and challenges of electronic polymers and devices. Provides a basic understanding on the structure and morphology of polymers and their electronic properties and applications Highlights the current applications of conducting polymers on energy harvesting and storage Introduces the emerging flexible and stretchable electronic devices Adds a new family of fiber-shaped electronic devices

Functional Tactile Sensors

Functional Tactile Sensors Book
Author : Ye Zhou,Ho-Hsiu Chou
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-02-01
ISBN : 0128209127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional Tactile Sensors: Materials, Devices and Integrations focuses on the subject of novel materials design and device integration of tactile sensors for functional applications. The book addresses the design, materials characteristics, device operation principles, specialized device application and mechanisms of the latest reported tactile sensors. The emphasis of the book lies in the materials science aspects of tactile sensors—understanding the relationship between material properties and device performance. It will be an ideal resource for researchers working in materials science, engineering and physics. Includes the latest advances and recent developments in tactile sensors for artificial intelligence applications Reviews the relationship between materials properties and device performance Addresses materials and device design strategies for targeted sensing applications

Polarons And Bipolarons

Polarons And Bipolarons Book
Author : Alexandrov A S,Mott Nevill F
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1996-01-23
ISBN : 981120943X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The properties of self-localized carriers on a lattice are described at a fairly basic level with an emphasis on modern developments in the theory of strong-coupling superconductivity. Large and small polarons and bipolarons provide a number of new physical phenomena both in the normal and superconducting states. The physics of high temperature superconductors is described and explained.

Introduction to Materials for Advanced Energy Systems

Introduction to Materials for Advanced Energy Systems Book
Author : Colin Tong
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-12
ISBN : 3319980025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This first of its kind text enables today’s students to understand current and future energy challenges, to acquire skills for selecting and using materials and manufacturing processes in the design of energy systems, and to develop a cross-functional approach to materials, mechanics, electronics and processes of energy production. While taking economic and regulatory aspects into account, this textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the range of materials used for advanced energy systems, including fossil, nuclear, solar, bio, wind, geothermal, ocean and hydropower, hydrogen, and nuclear, as well as thermal energy storage and electrochemical storage in fuel cells. A separate chapter is devoted to emerging energy harvesting systems. Integrated coverage includes the application of scientific and engineering principles to materials that enable different types of energy systems. Properties, performance, modeling, fabrication, characterization and application of structural, functional and hybrid materials are described for each energy system. Readers will appreciate the complex relationships among materials selection, optimizing design, and component operating conditions in each energy system. Research and development trends of novel emerging materials for future hybrid energy systems are also considered. Each chapter is basically a self-contained unit, easily enabling instructors to adapt the book for coursework. This textbook is suitable for students in science and engineering who seek to obtain a comprehensive understanding of different energy processes, and how materials enable energy harvesting, conversion, and storage. In setting forth the latest advances and new frontiers of research, the text also serves as a comprehensive reference on energy materials for experienced materials scientists, engineers, and physicists. Includes pedagogical features such as in-depth side bars, worked-out and end-of- chapter exercises, and many references to further reading Provides comprehensive coverage of materials-based solutions for major and emerging energy systems Brings together diverse subject matter by integrating theory with engaging insights

Conducting Polymer Electrodes for Thermogalvanic Cells

Conducting Polymer Electrodes for Thermogalvanic Cells Book
Author : Kosala Wijeratne
Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
Release : 2019-01-10
ISBN : 9176851567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fossil fuels are still the dominant (ca. 80%) energy source in our society. A significant fraction is used to generate electricity with a heat engine possessing an efficiency of approximately 35%. Therefore, about 65% of fossil fuel energy is wasted in heat. Other primary heat sources include solar and geothermal energies that can heat up solid and fluids up to 150°C. The growing demand and severe environmental impact of energy systems provide an impetus for effective management and harvesting solutions dealing with waste heat. A promising way to use waste heat is to directly convert thermal energy into electrical energy by thermoelectric generators (TEGs). Solid state TEGs are electronic devices that generate electrical power due to the thermo-diffusion of electronic charge carriers in the semiconductor upon application of the thermal field. However, there is another type of thermoelectric device that has been much less investigated; this is the thermogalvanic cell (TGCs). The TGC is an electrochemical device that consists of the electrolyte solution including a reversible redox couple sandwiched between two electrodes. In our study, we focus on iron-based organometallic molecules in aqueous electrolyte. A temperature difference (???) between the electrodes promotes a difference in the electrode potentials [???(??)]. Since the electrolyte contains a redox couple acting like electronic shuttle between the two electrodes, power can be generated when the two electrodes are submitted to a temperature difference. The focus of this thesis is (i) to investigate the possibility to use conducting polymer electrodes for thermogalvanic cells as an alternative to platinum and carbon-based electrodes, (ii) to investigate the role of viscosity of the electrolyte in order to consider polymer electrolytes, (iii) to understand the mechanisms limiting the electrical power output in TGCs; and (iv) to understand the fundamentals of the electron transfer taking place at the interface between the polymer electrode and the redox molecule in the electrolyte. These findings provide an essential toolbox for further improvement in conducting polymer thermogalvanic cells and various other emerging electrochemical technologies such as fuel cells, redox flow battery, dye-sensitized solar cells and industrial electrochemical synthesis.

Soft Actuators

Soft Actuators Book
Author : Kinji Asaka,Hidenori Okuzaki
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-08-28
ISBN : 9811368503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the second edition of Soft Actuators, originally published in 2014, with 12 chapters added to the first edition. The subject of this new edition is current comprehensive research and development of soft actuators, covering interdisciplinary study of materials science, mechanics, electronics, robotics, and bioscience. The book includes contemporary research of actuators based on biomaterials for their potential in future artificial muscle technology. Readers will find detailed and useful information about materials, methods of synthesis, fabrication, and measurements to study soft actuators. Additionally, the topics of materials, modeling, and applications not only promote the further research and development of soft actuators, but bring benefits for utilization and industrialization. This volume makes generous use of color figures, diagrams, and photographs that provide easy-to-understand descriptions of the mechanisms, apparatus, and motions of soft actuators. Also, in this second edition the chapters on modeling, materials design, and device design have been given a wider scope and made easier to comprehend, which will be helpful in practical applications of soft actuators. Readers of this work can acquire the newest technology and information about basic science and practical applications of flexible, lightweight, and noiseless soft actuators, which differ from conventional mechanical engines and electric motors. This new edition of Soft Actuators will inspire readers with fresh ideas and encourage their research and development, thus opening up a new field of applications for the utilization and industrialization of soft actuators.

Essential Neuromodulation

Essential Neuromodulation Book
Author : Jeffrey E. Arle,Jay L. Shils
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-07-15
ISBN : 0128170018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essential Neuromodulation, Second Edition is a concise reference covering all of the basic principles of neuromodulation in a single affordable volume for neuroscientists, residents, fellows, bioengineers and basic clinical practitioners. This second edition expands on developments in the field since 2011, emphasizing essential observations from all of the important clinical phases involved in any neuromodulation: targeting, intraoperative assessment, programming, complications and complication avoidance. As neuromodulation remains an exciting and rapidly advancing field, this information is critical for neurosurgeons, neurophysiologists, bioengineers and other proceduralists. Presents a comprehensive reference on the emerging field of neuromodulation that features chapters from leading physicians and researchers in the field Provides a cohesive presentation of neuromodulation technologies and interventions Contains 550 full-color pages that begin with an overview of the clinical phases involved in neuromodulation, the challenges facing therapies and intraoperative procedures, and innovative solutions for better patient care Emphasizes the fundamentals needed to embrace the neuromodulation field as a cohesive clinical entity Explores the use of electrical, chemical and mechanical interventions to heal and improve neurological deficits Covers the promise of neurostimulation for chronic pain, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, and other disorders and diseases Features developments in the field of neuromodulation since the first edition was published, including findings in lead, IPG and accessories

Innovative Thermoelectric Materials

Innovative Thermoelectric Materials Book
Author : Howard E Katz,Theodore O Poehler
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2016-01-22
ISBN : 1783266074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Power generation from environmentally friendly sources has led to surging interest in thermoelectrics. There has been a move toward alternative thermoelectric materials with enhanced performance through materials and structures that utilize common and safer elements and alternative mechanistic approaches while increasing processing latitude and decreasing cost. This wide-ranging volume examines this progress and future prospects with the new technologies, ease of processing and cost as major considerations, and will benefit active researchers, students and others interested in cutting-edge work in thermoelectric materials. Innovative Thermoelectric Materials incorporates the contributions of a group of recognized experts in thermoelectric materials, many of whom were the first to introduce various materials systems into thermoelectric systems. The perspectives brought to this evolving subject will provide important insights on which those developing the field can build, and will inspire new research directions for the future. Contents:Innovative Thermoelectric Materials (Theodore O Poehler and Howard E Katz [Johns Hopkins University, USA])Solution Processable Molecular and Polymer Semiconductors for Thermoelectrics (Ruth Schlitz, Anne Glaudell and Michael Chabinyc [UC Santa Barbara, USA])Nanostructured Thermoelectric Materials (Sangyeop Lee and Gang Chen [MIT, USA])New Design Rules for Polymer-Based Thermoelectric Nanocomposites (Jeffrey J Urban and Nelson E Coates [LBNL, USA])Role of Dopants in Defining Carrier Densities, Energetics, and Transport in Semiconducting Polymers (Gun-Ho Kim and Kevin P Pipe [University of Michigan, USA])Thermoelectric Polymer–Inorganic Composites (Robert M Ireland and Howard E Katz [Johns Hopkins University, USA])Modeling Thermoelectric Materials (Greg Walker [Vanderbilt University, USA])Phase-Transition-Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance in Copper Selenide (David R Brown and G Jeffrey Snyder [Caltech, USA]) Readership: Researchers and post-graduate students in the field of thermoelectrics. Key Features:Presents a highly authoritative picture of the field with contemporary information by prominent contributors to the fieldFirst book that highlights the potential of polymers in thermoelectricsSubstantial theoretical analysis included to justify the experimental approaches reported and proposed at a level of detail that is both comprehensive and accessibleKeywords:Polymers;Nanostructures;Composites;Thermoelectric Materials;Energy Conversion

Handbook of Conducting Polymers 2 Volume Set

Handbook of Conducting Polymers  2 Volume Set Book
Author : Terje A. Skotheim,John Reynolds
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-01-16
ISBN : 1420095293
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Learn how recent advances are fueling new possibilities in textiles, optics, electronics, and biomedicine! As the field of conjugated, electrically conducting, and electroactive polymers has grown, the Handbook of Conducting Polymers has been there to document and celebrate these changes along the way. Now split into two vo