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Advanced Oxidation Processes For Effluent Treatment Plants

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Advanced Oxidation Processes for Effluent Treatment Plants

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Effluent Treatment Plants Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-03
ISBN : 0128226250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Effluent Treatment Plants provides a complete overview of the recent advances made in oxidation-based water treatment processes, including their limitations, challenges and potential applications in removing environmental pollutants. The book introduces new trends and advances in environmental bioremediation technology with a thorough discussion of recent developments in this field, with multiple biological and chemical wastewater treatment processes presented in detail. Additionally, every chapter explains the wastewater treatment plants that utilize these methods, illustrating them in terms of plant size, layout, design and installation location. New trends and advances in environmental bioremediation technology are also covered. This is the go-to resources for engineers and scientists requiring an introduction to the principles of environmental bioremediation technologies. Illustrates the importance of various advance oxidation processes in effluent treatment plants Highlights the reuse and recovery of resources from wastewater Examines the occurrence of novel micro-pollutants Emphasizes the role of nanotechnology in the bioremediation of pollutants Introduces new trends in environmental bioremediation

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment Book
Author : Mihaela I. Stefan
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2017-09-15
ISBN : 1780407181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) rely on the efficient generation of reactive radical species and are increasingly attractive options for water remediation from a wide variety of organic micropollutants of human health and/or environmental concern. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment covers the key advanced oxidation processes developed for chemical contaminant destruction in polluted water sources, some of which have been implemented successfully at water treatment plants around the world. The book is structured in two sections; the first part is dedicated to the most relevant AOPs, whereas the topics covered in the second section include the photochemistry of chemical contaminants in the aquatic environment, advanced water treatment for water reuse, implementation of advanced treatment processes for drinking water production at a state-of-the art water treatment plant in Europe, advanced treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater, and green technologies for water remediation. The advanced oxidation processes discussed in the book cover the following aspects: - Process principles including the most recent scientific findings and interpretation. - Classes of compounds suitable to AOP treatment and examples of reaction mechanisms. - Chemical and photochemical degradation kinetics and modelling. - Water quality impact on process performance and practical considerations on process parameter selection criteria. - Process limitations and byproduct formation and strategies to mitigate any potential adverse effects on the treated water quality. - AOP equipment design and economics considerations. - Research studies and outcomes. - Case studies relevant to process implementation to water treatment. - Commercial applications. - Future research needs. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment presents the most recent scientific and technological achievements in process understanding and implementation, and addresses to anyone interested in water remediation, including water industry professionals, consulting engineers, regulators, academics, students. Editor: Mihaela I. Stefan - Trojan Technologies - Canada

Applications of Advanced Oxidation Processes AOPs in Drinking Water Treatment

Applications of Advanced Oxidation Processes  AOPs  in Drinking Water Treatment Book
Author : Antonio Gil,Luis Alejandro Galeano,Miguel Ángel Vicente
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-03
ISBN : 3319768824
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume reviews the drinking water treatments in which AOPs display a high application potential. Firstly it reveals the typical supply sources and limitations of conventional technologies and critically reviews natural organic matter characterization and removal techniques, focusing mainly on AOP treatments. It then explores using AOPs for simultaneous inactivation/disinfection of several types of microorganisms, including highly resistant Cryptosporidium protozoa. Lastly, it discusses relevant miscellaneous topics, like the most promising AOP solid catalysts, the regime change of Fenton-like processes toward continuous reactors, the application of chemometrics for process optimization, the impact on disinfection byproducts and the tracing of toxicity during AOP treatments. This work is a useful reference for researchers and students involved in water technologies, including analytical and environmental chemistry, chemical and environmental engineering, toxicology, biotechnology, and related fields. It is intended to encourage industrial and public-health scientists and decision-makers to accelerate the application of AOPs as technological alternatives for the improvement of drinking water treatment plants.

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah,Sweta Parimita Bera,Günay Yildiz Tore
Publisher : Wastewater Treatment and Research
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9780367762117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the importance of various innovative advanced oxidation technology to clean up the environment from pollution caused by human activities.

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water and Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Simon Parsons
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2004-03-01
ISBN : 1843390175
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The suitability of Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) for pollutant degradation was recognised in the early 1970s and much research and development work has been undertaken to commercialise some of these processes. AOPs have shown great potential in treating pollutants at both low and high concentrations and have found applications as diverse as ground water treatment, municipal wastewater sludge destruction and VOCs control. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water and Wastewater Treatment is an overview of the advanced oxidation processes currently used or proposed for the remediation of water, wastewater, odours and sludge. The book contains two opening chapters which present introductions to advanced oxidation processes and a background to UV photolysis, seven chapters focusing on individual advanced oxidation processes and, finally, three chapters concentrating on selected applications of advanced oxidation processes. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water and Wastewater Treatment will be invaluable to readers interested in water and wastewater treatment processes, including professionals and suppliers, as well as students and academics studying in this area. Dr Simon Parsons is a Senior Lecturer in Water Sciences at Cranfield University with ten years' experience of industrial and academic research and development.

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Suresh C Ameta,Rakshit Ameta
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-19
ISBN : 0128105259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Waste Water Treatment: Emerging Green Chemical Technology is a complete resource covering the fundamentals and applications of all Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs). This book presents the most up-to-date research on AOPs and makes the argument that AOPs offer an eco-friendly method of wastewater treatment. In addition to an overview of the fundamentals and applications, it details the reactive species involved, along with sections on reactor designs, thus helping readers understand and implement these methods. Presents in-depth coverage of all types of Advanced Oxidation Processes, including Super Critical Water Oxidation, Photo-Fenton and Like Processes Includes a fundamental review, applications, reactive species and reactor designs Reviews applications across waste types, including industrial waste, domestic and municipal sewage, and hospital wastes

Advanced Water Treatment

Advanced Water Treatment Book
Author : Mika Sillanpaa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-08
ISBN : 0128192283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Water Treatment: Electrochemical Methods reviews the current state-of-the-art in the electrochemical-based methods for water treatment, the effectiveness of the electrochemical oxidation technique in inactivating different primary biofilm forming paper mill bacteria, as well as sulfide and organic material in pulp and paper mill wastewater in laboratory-scale batch experiments. Various electrodes are described, including boron-doped diamond, mixed metal oxide, PbO2, and their impacts on inactivation efficiency of parameters, such as current density and initial pH or chloride concentration of synthetic paper machine water. The mechanisms of action of various electrodes in different systems are reported. The book is a source of information for environmental and chemical engineers due to the number of methods and industry-focused application cases and researchers who study the transition from a laboratory environment to practical applications. Includes the most recent research on advanced water treatment by electrochemical methods Describes the use of electrochemical cleaning of paper mill wastewaters Includes techniques for cleaning mining waters and removal of organic pollutants by electrochemical methods

Advanced Oxidation Processes AOPs in Water and Wastewater Treatment

Advanced Oxidation Processes  AOPs  in Water and Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Aziz, Hamidi Abdul,Abu Amr, Salem S.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2018-08-03
ISBN : 1522557679
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Population growth and industrial development have increased the amount of wastewater generated by urban areas, and one of the major problems facing industrialized nations is the contamination of the environment by hazardous chemicals. Therefore, to meet the standards, suitable treatment alternatives should be established. Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) in Water and Wastewater Treatment is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on the current, green, and advanced technologies for wastewater treatment. While highlighting topics such as groundwater treatment, environmental legislation, and oxidation processes, this publication explores the contamination of environments by hazardous chemicals as well as the methods of decontamination and the reduction of negative effects on the environment. This book is a vital reference source for environmental engineers, waste authorities, solid waste management companies, landfill operators, legislators, environmentalists, and academicians seeking current research on achieving sustainable management for wastewater treatment.

An Innovative Approach of Advanced Oxidation Processes in Wastewater Treatment

An Innovative Approach of Advanced Oxidation Processes in Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-12-15
ISBN : 9781685072353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent decades, scientific insight into the chemistry of water has increased enormously, leading to the development of advanced wastewater and water purification technologies. However, the quality of freshwater resources has continually deteriorated worldwide, both in industrialized countries and in developing countries. Although traditional wastewater technologies are focused on the removal of suspended solids, nutrients and bacteria, hundreds of organic pollutants occur in wastewater and affected urban surface waters. These new pollutants are synthetic or naturally occurring chemicals that are not often monitored in the environment but have the potential to penetrate the environment and cause known or suspected adverse ecological and/or human health effects. These contaminants are collectively referred to as the "Emerging Contaminants" and are mostly derived from domestic use and occur in trace concentrations ranging from pico to micrograms per litre. Environmental contaminants are recalcitrant for conventional wastewater treatment processes and most of them remain unaffected, leading to the contamination of receiving water. This scenario leads to the need for an advanced wastewater treatment process that can remove environmental contaminants to safely monitor fresh water sources.This book explains the technologies of biological and chemical wastewater treatment processes. The biological wastewater treatment processes presented include: (1) bioremediation of wastewater that includes aerobic treatment (oxidation ponds, aerating lagoons, aerobic bioreactors, active sludge, percolation or drip filters, biological filters, rotating biological contactors, biological removal of nutrients) and anaerobic treatment (anaerobic bioreactors), anaerobic lagoons); (2) phytoremediation of waste water consisting of engineered wetlands, rhizofiltration, rhizodegradation, phytodegradation, phytoaccumulation, Phyto transformation and hyperaccumulators; and (3) mycoremediation of wastewater. The chemical wastewater treatment processes discussed include chemical precipitation (coagulation, flocculation), ion exchange, neutralization, adsorption, and disinfection (chlorination / dechlorination, ozone, UV light). In addition, this chapter explains the wastewater treatment plants and illustrates them in terms of plant size, plant layout, and plant design and installation location.

Advanced Oxidation Processes

Advanced Oxidation Processes Book
Author : Ciro Bustillo-Lecompte
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-06-10
ISBN : 1789848903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Oxidation Processes – Applications, Trends, and Prospects constitutes a comprehensive resource for civil, chemical, and environmental engineers researching in the field of water and wastewater treatment. The book covers the fundamentals, applications, and future work in Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) as an attractive alternative and a complementary treatment option to conventional methods. This book also presents state-of-the-art research on AOPs and heterogeneous catalysis while covering recent progress and trends, including the application of AOPs at the laboratory, pilot, or industrial scale, the combination of AOPs with other technologies, hybrid processes, process intensification, reactor design, scale-up, and optimization. The book is divided into four sections: Introduction to Advanced Oxidation Processes, General Concepts of Heterogeneous Catalysis, Fenton and Ferrate in Wastewater Treatment, and Industrial Applications, Trends, and Prospects.

Photocatalysts in Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment

Photocatalysts in Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Elvis Fosso-Kankeu,Sadanand Pandey,Suprakas Sinha Ray
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-06-10
ISBN : 1119631394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photocatalysts in Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment comprehensively covers a range of topics aiming to promote the implementation of photocatalysis at large scale through provision of facile and green methods for catalysts synthesis and elucidation of pollutants degradation mechanisms. This book is divided into two main parts namely “Synthesis of effective photocatalysts” (Part I) and “Mechanisms of the photocatalytic degradation of various pollutants” (Part II). The first part focuses on the exploration of various strategies to synthesize sustainable and effective photocatalysts. The second part of the book provides an insights into the photocatalytic degradation mechanisms and pathways under ultraviolet and visible light irradiation, as well as the challenges faced by this technology and its future prospects.

Electro Fenton Process

Electro Fenton Process Book
Author : Minghua Zhou,Mehmet A. Oturan,Ignasi Sirés
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-25
ISBN : 9811064067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume discusses the theoretical fundamentals and potential applications of the original electro-Fenton (EF) process and its most innovative and promising versions, all of which are classified as electrochemical advanced oxidation processes. It consists of 15 chapters that review the latest advances and trends, material selection, reaction and reactor modeling and EF scale-up. It particularly focuses on the applications of EF process in the treatment of toxic and persistent organic pollutants in water and soil, showing highly efficient removal for both lab-scale and pre-pilot setups. Indeed, the EF technology is now mature enough to be brought to market, and this collection of contributions from leading experts in the field constitutes a timely milestone for scientists and engineers.

Photoreactors in Advanced Oxidation Process

Photoreactors in Advanced Oxidation Process Book
Author : Elvis Fosso-Kankeu,Sadanand Pandey,Suprakas Sinha Ray
Publisher : Wiley-Scrivener
Release : 2023-02-07
ISBN : 9781394166299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although a host of works have been done in the development of photocatalysts and photoreactors, there are still some challenges limiting the extensive application of the technology at large scale. Thus, this book contributes to identifying the most critical issues and challenges that limit the use of these processes in planning, design and operation of modern water and wastewater treatment facilities. Thorough understanding of the fundamentals of Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) and photochemistry as well as its application to AOPs for the removal of contaminants or the detoxification of contaminated waters may lead to acquire in-depth knowledge that can be used to devise and design effective AOP treatment systems to meet not only current, but also anticipated regulatory requirements and enhance the independent learning and critical thinking skills. This book invigorates the next step in AOP that will depart from bench scale approach towards implementation of sustainable techniques to enhance the performance of the wastewater treatment processes for the eradication of merging and ubiquitous pollutants.

Enhanced Electrochemical Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Sludge Stabilization and Reuse

Enhanced Electrochemical Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Sludge Stabilization and Reuse Book
Author : Gagik Badalians Gholikandi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015-04-01
ISBN : 9781634820899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing quantities of waste sludge generated in municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plants containing various organics and other contaminants require novel treatment technologies that are capable of achieving significant removal efficiencies and producing reusable sludge products. As a response, a large variety of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have been investigated to remove the present contaminants from wastewaters and limited cases of waste sludge. Multidisciplinary researches have been carried out accordingly. In this regard, electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOPs) have emerged as novel environmental-friendly and effective treatment technologies for the elimination of several organic contaminants. Considerable validation of these methods has been performed at both the bench-scale and pilot-scale. Although a promising new technology, the mechanisms involved in the oxidation of organic compounds during electrochemical advanced oxidation processes and the corresponding environmental impacts have not been completely addressed until now. This book aims at the electrochemical advanced oxidation processes occurrence from different points of view, describing its related technologies, providing an assessment of the development and efficiency, and highlighting various aspects of waste activated sludge stabilisation and reuse accordingly in five chapters. In the first chapter a brief review to waste sludge stabilisation and reuse has been presented. The second chapter provides an overview to advanced oxidation processes. The third chapter describes the various electrochemical advanced oxidation methods. Chapter four presents and discusses the own experimental investigations results employing the Fered-Fenton EAOP. The modeling of the results of the own experimental studies results by means of Taguchi method and artificial neural networks has been performed in the fifth chapter. The main goal of this book is to gather different updated viewpoints according to the electrochemical advanced oxidation processes and to provide the own experimental studies results accordingly in order to present students, researchers, engineers and managers with useful knowledge in this regard.

Sustainable Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Sustainable Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Noel Jacob Kaleekkal,Prasanna Kumar S Mural,Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran,Upal Ghosh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-07-06
ISBN : 1000395006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment discusses relevant sustainable technologies for water and wastewater treatment pertaining to a nanoscale approach to water treatment and desalination, membrane-based technologies for water recovery and reuse, the energy and water nexus, degradation of organic pollutants, nascent technologies, bio and bio-inspired materials for water reclamation and integrated systems, and an overview of wastewater treatment plants. The book focuses on advanced topics including in situ generation of hydroxyl radicals, which can aid in the indiscriminate oxidation of any contaminant present in wastewater, making advanced oxidation processes commercially viable. Features: A comprehensive review of current and novel water and wastewater treatment technologies from a sustainability perspective All the sustainable technologies, such as desalination, wastewater treatment, advanced oxidation processes, hydrodynamic cavitation, membrane-based technologies, sonosorption, and electrospun fibers Discussion on reference materials for important research accomplishments in the area of water and environmental engineering Theoretical aspects covering principles and instrumentation A summary on sustainability, including life cycle assessment (LCA), energy balance and large-scale implementation of advanced techniques This book is aimed at professionals, graduate students, and researchers in civil, chemical, environmental engineering, and materials science.

Physico Chemical Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery

Physico Chemical Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery Book
Author : Robina Farooq,Zaki Ahmad
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-05-03
ISBN : 953513129X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book on Physico-Chemical Treatment of Wastewater and Resource Recovery provides an efficient and low-cost solution for remediation of wastewater. This book focuses on physico-chemical treatment via advanced oxidation process, adsorption, its management and recovery of valuable chemicals. It discusses treatment and recovery process for the range of pollutants including BTX, PCB, PCDDs, proteins, phenols, antibiotics, complex organic compounds and metals. The occurrence of persistent pollutants poses deleterious effects on human and environmental health. Simple solutions for recovery of valuable chemicals and water during physico-chemical treatment of wastewater are discussed extensively. This book provides necessary knowledge and experimental studies on emerging physico-chemical processes for reducing water pollution and resource recovery.

Removal of Refractory Pollutants from Wastewater Treatment Plants

Removal of Refractory Pollutants from Wastewater Treatment Plants Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-10-07
ISBN : 1000435261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses new and innovative trends and techniques in the removal of toxic and or refractory pollutants through various environmental biotechnological processes from wastewater, both at the laboratory and industrial scale. It focuses primarily on environmentally-friendly technologies which respect the principles of sustainable development, including the advanced trends in remediation through an approach of environmental biotechnological processes from either industrial or sewage wastewater. Features: Examines the fate and occurrence of refractory pollutants in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and the potential approaches for their removal. Highlights advanced remediation procedures involving various microbiological and biochemical processes. Assesses and compares the potential application of numerous existing treatment techniques and introduces new, emerging technologies. Removal of Refractory Pollutants from Wastewater Treatment Plants is suitable for practicing engineers, researchers, water utility managers, and students who seek an excellent introduction and basic knowledge in the principles of environmental bioremediation technologies.

Application of Advanced Oxidation Processes

Application of Advanced Oxidation Processes Book
Author : Ciro Bustillo-LeCompte,Jose Colina-Márquez,Lars Rehmann
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-08-31
ISBN : 9783039368884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increasingly stricter standards for effluent discharge and the decreasing availability of freshwater resources worldwide have made the development of advanced wastewater treatment technologies necessary. Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are becoming an attractive alternative and a complementary treatment option to conventional methods. AOPs are used to improve the biodegradability of wastewaters containing non-biodegradable organics. Besides, AOPs may inactivate pathogenic microorganisms without adding additional chemicals to the water during disinfection, avoiding the formation of hazardous by-products. This Special Issue of Processes aims to cover recent progress and novel trends in the field of AOPs, including UV/H2O2, O3, sulphate-radical oxidation, nanotechnology in AOPs, heterogeneous photocatalysis, sonolysis, Fenton, photo-Fenton, electrochemical oxidation, and related oxidation processes. The topics to be addressed in this Special Issue of Processes may also include the application of AOPs at various scales (laboratory, pilot, or industrial scale), the degradation of emerging contaminants in water and wastewater and pollutants in the gas phase, the quantification of toxicicy in residuals, the development of novel catalytic materials and of hybrid processes, including the combination of AOPs with other technologies, process intensification, and the use of photo-electrochemical processes for energy production.

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Maulin P Shah,Sweta Parimita Bera,Günay Yildiz Tore
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-03-09
ISBN : 1000546640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment: An Innovative Approach: This book highlights the importance of various innovative advanced oxidation technology to clean up the environment from pollution caused by human activities. It assesses the potential application of several existing bioremediation techniques and introduces new emerging technologies. This book is an updated vision of the existing advanced oxidation strategies with their limitations and challenges and their potential application to remove environmental pollutants. It also introduces the new trends and advances in environmental bioremediation technology with thorough discussion of recent developments in this field. This book highlights the importance of different innovative advanced oxidation process to deal with the ever-increasing number of environmental pollutants. Features: Illustrates the importance of various advance oxidation processes in effluent treatment plant Points out the reuse of the treated wastewater through emerging advance oxidation technologies for effluent treatment plant Highlights the recovery of resources from wastewater Pays attention to the occurrence of novel micro-pollutants Emphasizes the role of nanotechnology in bioremediation of pollutants Introduces new trends in environmental bioremediation

Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Water and Wastewater

Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Water and Wastewater Book
Author : Arturo Hernandez-Maldonado,Lee Blaney
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2019-10-19
ISBN : 012813562X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Water and Wastewater: Advanced Treatment Processes presents the state-of-the-art in the design and use of adsorbents, membranes, and UV/oxidation processes, along with the challenges that will need to be addressed to close the gap between development and implementation in water/wastewater treatment applications. Chapters cover adsorbent and membrane design and performance, direct comparison of performance data between new (inorganic and metal organic nanoporous materials) and classic adsorbents and membranes, a list of advantages, disadvantages, and challenges related to performance limitations, regenerability, and upscaling. In addition, users will find sections on the identification of potential site and off-site applications that are listed according to adsorbent and membrane types, transformation of CECs in low- and/or medium-pressure UV irradiation processes used for disinfection, the oxidation of CECs by chlorine and ozone, and a comparison of advanced oxidation processes for the treatment of a variety of CECs in water and wastewater. Addresses the advantages/disadvantages of select technologies, including energy resource needs and waste management issues of reverse osmosis, amongst other issues Presents information on the advancements of technology within the realm of Engineered Treatments of CECs Focuses on the inherent science and technology of advanced treatment processes