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Advanced Nanomaterials For Membrane Synthesis And Its Applications

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Advanced Nanomaterials for Membrane Synthesis and Its Applications

Advanced Nanomaterials for Membrane Synthesis and Its Applications Book
Author : Woei Jye Lau,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Arun M. Isloor,Amir Al-Ahmed
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-21
ISBN : 0128145048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials for Membrane Synthesis and Its Applications provides the academic and industrial communities the most up-to-date information on the latest trends in membrane nanomaterials and membrane nanotechnology used in wastewater treatment, environmental technology and energy. The rapid advances in nanomaterials and nanotechnology development over the past decade have resulted in significant growth of the membrane business for various industrial processes, particularly in nanotechnology-based membrane processes. While membrane technology is increasingly being used for liquid and gas separations, it has great potential in a variety of additional applications. As the worldwide academic community has a strong interest in advanced membrane processes, particularly membrane nanotechnology for specific separations, this book provides a timely update on the topic. Presents a unique focus on the use of advanced nanomaterials in membrane fabrication/modification, and in the description of membrane nanotechnologies, such as nanofiltration, thin film nanocomposites and nanofibers for various applications Describes next generation membranes, providing first resource details on the development and commercialization stages of these new membranes Represents the state-of-the-art on the use of nanomaterials in membrane science

Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications

Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04
ISBN : 0128167874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functionalized nanomaterials have extremely useful properties, which can outperform their conventional counterparts because of their superior chemical, physical, and mechanical properties and exceptional formability. They are being used for the development and innovation in a range of industrial sectors. However, the use of functionalized nanomaterials is still in its infancy in many industrial settings. Functionalized nanomaterials have the potential to create cheaper and more effective consumer products and industrial processes. However, they also could have adverse effects on the environment, human health, and safety, and their sustainability is questionable, if used incorrectly. This book discusses the opportunities and challenges of using functionalized nanomaterials in a variety of major industrial sectors. Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications provides a concise summary of the major applications of functionalized nanomaterials in industry today. It covers the enhancements in industrial techniques and processes, due to functionalized nanomaterials, showing how they substantially improve the performance of existing procedures, and how they can deliver exciting consumer products more cheaply. Emphasis is given to greener approaches, leading to more sustainable products and devices. The legal, economical, and toxicity aspects of functionalized nanomaterials are also discussed in detail.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Catalysis and Energy

Advanced Nanomaterials for Catalysis and Energy Book
Author : Vladislav A. Sadykov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-08-27
ISBN : 012814808X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials for Catalysis and Energy: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications outlines new approaches to the synthesis of nanomaterials (synthesis in flow conditions, laser electrodispersion of single metals or alloys on carbon or oxide supports, mechanochemistry, sol-gel routes, etc.) to provide systems with a narrow particle size distribution, controlled metal-support interaction and nanocomposites with uniform spatial distribution of domains of different phases, even in dense sintered materials. Methods for characterization of real structure and surface properties of nanomaterials are discussed, including synchrotron radiation diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies, neutronography, transmission/scanning electron microscopy with elemental analysis, and more. The book covers the effect of nanosystems' composition, bulk and surface properties, metal-support interaction, particle size and morphology, deposition density, etc. on their functional properties (transport features, catalytic activity and reaction mechanism). Finally, it includes examples of various developed nanostructured solid electrolytes and mixed ionic-electronic conductors as materials in solid oxide fuel cells and asymmetric supported membranes for oxygen and hydrogen separation. Outlines synthetic and characterization methods for nanocatalysts Relates nanocatalysts' properties to their specific applications Proposes optimization methods aiming at specific applications

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy Book
Author : Jingbo Louise Liu,Sajid Bashir
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-06
ISBN : 0128017082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy presents timely topics related to nanomaterials' feasible synthesis and characterization, and their application in the energy fields. In addition, the book provides insights and scientific discoveries in toxicity study, with information that is easily understood by a wide audience. Advanced energy materials are important in designing materials that have greater physical, electronic, and optical properties. This book emphasizes the fundamental physics and chemistry underlying the techniques used to develop solar and fuel cells with high charge densities and energy conversion efficiencies. New analytical techniques (synchronous X-ray) which probe the interactions of particles and radiation with matter are also explored, making this book an invaluable reference for practitioners and those interested in the science. Provides a comprehensive review of solar energy, fuel cells, and gas storage from 2010 to the present Reviews feasible synthesis and modern analytical techniques used in alternative energy Explores examples of research in alternative energy, including current assessments of nanomaterials and safety Contains a glossary of terms, units, and historical benchmarks Presents a useful guide that will bring readers up to speed on historical developments in alternative fuel cells

Advanced Nanomaterials for Aerospace Applications

Advanced Nanomaterials for Aerospace Applications Book
Author : Carlos R. Cabrera,Félix Miranda
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-07-15
ISBN : 9814463191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials for Aerospace Applications has been developed for a community interested in space science and nanotechnology. Scientists and engineers from several NASA field centers and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, University of Puerto Rico, The Pennsylvania State University, and INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Italy, have joined efforts to discuss the applications of nanomaterials in sensors, atmosphere revitalization in habitable space platforms, life support systems, regenerative fuel cells, lithium-ion batteries, robust lightweight materials, nanoelectronics, and electromagnetic shielding. The book concludes with chapters that discuss bringing NASA-relevant nanotechnology into the classroom and the future directions in nanotechnology research and development at NASA.

Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications

Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications Book
Author : Kajornsak Faungnawakij,Woei Jye Lau,Uracha Rungsardthong Ruktanonchai,Kuakoon Piyachomkwan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-22
ISBN : 0128215097
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications: Environment, Energy, Agriculture and Medicine presents a comprehensive overview on recent developments and prospects surrounding nanotechnology use in water/wastewater separation and purification, energy storage and conversion, agricultural and food process, and effective diagnoses and treatments in medical fields. The book includes detailed overviews of nanotechnology, including nanofiltration membrane for water/wastewater treatment, nanomedicine and nanosensor development for medical implementation, advanced nanomaterials of different structural dimensions (0D, 1D, 2D and 3D) for energy applications, as well as food and agricultural utilization. Other sections discuss the challenges of lab-based research transitioning towards practical industrial use. Helps scientists and researchers quickly learn and understand the key role of nanotechnology in important industrial applications Takes an interdisciplinary approach, demonstrating how nanotechnology is being used in a wide range of industry sectors Outlines the role nanotechnology plays in creating safer, cheaper and more energy-efficient projects and devices

Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications and their Fascinating Attributes

Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications and their Fascinating Attributes Book
Author : S. B. Khan
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2018-08-07
ISBN : 168108645X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology is a diverse science that has brought about new applications in fields such as colloidal science, device physics and supra molecular chemistry. Environmental pollution treatment by nanomaterials is an emerging application of nanotechnology. It is gaining importance because of the increased environmental challenges due to the impact of modern industrial activities. Industrial activity involves the production and use of various toxic organic and inorganic chemicals which pollute nearby water streams, indirectly influencing aquatic and human life. Thus, there is a need to protect the environment through the development of new technologies and by enacting awareness drives for environmental sustainability. This volume summarizes cutting-edge research on nanomaterial utilization for environmental challenges. Chapters introduce readers to the concepts of environmental protection, sustainability and monitoring. Readers will also learn about technologies used for keeping the environment safer, including ion exchangers, metallic oxide complexes, nanocomposite materials, porous membranes and nanocatalysts. This volume is intended to be an introductory reference for students and researchers undertaking advanced courses in materials science, environmental science and engineering, giving readers a glimpse into the fascinating world of nanotechnology.

Advanced Materials for Membrane Fabrication and Modification

Advanced Materials for Membrane Fabrication and Modification Book
Author : Stephen Gray,Toshinori Tsuru,Yoram Cohen,Woei-Jye Lau
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-08-30
ISBN : 1351730886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membranes are an energy efficient separation technology that are now the basis for many water treatment and food processing applications. However, there is the potential to improve the operating performance of these separations and to extend the application of membranes to energy production, gas separations, organic solvent-based separations, and biomedical applications through novel membrane materials. This book contains 20 chapters written by leading academic researchers on membrane fabrication and modification techniques and provides a comprehensive overview on the recent developments of membrane technology. Membranes can be manufactured from a range of materials including polymeric compounds, and ceramic materials, and both these materials are considered in the book. There are 5 chapters on water and wastewater membranes that cover the fabrication of thin film (TFC) composite membranes for nanofiltration(NF)/reverse osmosis (RO)/forward osmosis (FO) applications, stimuli responsive membranes, electrospun membranes, porous ceramic membranes, and polymeric ultrafiltration (UF) manufacture and modification. There are another 6 chapters on gas separation that consider carbon membranes, zeolite membranes, silica template and metal oxide silica membranes, TFC membranes, silica membranes, and metal organic framework (MOF) membranes. Zeolite membranes are also considered for organic solvent applications, as are solvent-resistant membranes manufactured by phase inversion, ceramic-supported composite membranes, and ceramic NF membranes. The emerging areas of membranes for energy and biomedical applications have 3 and 2 chapters, respectively. Energy applications consider ion exchange membranes for use in fuel cells, membranes for electrodialysis, and membranes for use in microbial fuel cells. For biomedical applications the chapters focus on hemodialysis membranes and redox responsive membranes.

Applications of Nanotechnology for Green Synthesis

Applications of Nanotechnology for Green Synthesis Book
Author : Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-02
ISBN : 3030441768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traditional methods in synthetic chemistry produce chemical waste and byproducts, yield smaller desired products, and generate toxic chemical substances, but the past two centuries have seen consistent, greener improvements in organic synthesis and transformations. These improvements have contributed to substance handling efficiency by using green-engineered forerunners like sustainable techniques, green processes, eco-friendly catalysis, and have minimized energy consumption, reduced potential waste, improved desired product yields, and avoided toxic organic precursors or solvents in organic synthesis. Green synthesis has the potential to have a major ecological and monetary impact on modern pharmaceutical R&D and organic chemistry fields. This book presents a broad scope of green techniques for medicinal, analytical, environmental, and organic chemistry applications. It presents an accessible overview of new innovations in the field, dissecting the highlights and green chemistry attributes of approaches to green synthesis, and provides cases to exhibit applications to pharmaceutical and organic chemistry. Although daily chemical processes are a major part of the sustainable development of pharmaceuticals and industrial products, the resulting environmental pollution of these processes is of worldwide concern. This edition discusses green chemistry techniques and sustainable processes involved in synthetic organic chemistry, natural products, drug syntheses, as well various useful industrial applications.

Nanoscience Nanotechnology and Nanoengineering Fundamentals and Applications

Nanoscience  Nanotechnology  and Nanoengineering  Fundamentals and Applications Book
Author : Mohamad Hafiz Mamat,Tetsuo Soga,Mohamad Rusop Mahmood
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2015-06-10
ISBN : 3038269166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These are a collection of 129 peer reviewed papers from the Malaysia-Japan International Conference on Nanoscience, Nanotechnology and Nanoengineering 2014 ( NANO-SciTech 2014 and IC-NET 2014). The papers presented and reviewed in the conference are of up-to-date fundamental research, innovative top-down and bottom-up methods and technologies towards the development of nanomaterials and nanodevices. The effort to share and churned new knowledge in this field are geared towards enhancement and efficient energy conversion, conservation of natural resources, reduction of pollution and overall improvement in quality of life.

Nanomechanics

Nanomechanics Book
Author : Alexander Vakhrushev
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-05-24
ISBN : 9535131818
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, nanotechnology is the basis for the development of modern production. This determined the urgency of the intensive development of the new direction of mechanics and nanomechanics, for the scientific description of nanotechnological processes and the solution of several topical nanotechnology problems. Topics included in the book cover a wide range of research in the field of nanomechanics: thermomass theory of nanosystems; deformation of nanomaterials; interface mechanics of assembly carbon nanotube; nanomechanics on surface; molecular interactions and transformations; nanomechanical sensors, nanobeams, and micromembranes; nanostructural organic and inorganic materials; green synthesis of metallic nanoparticles. The main goal of these works is the establishment of the nanosystem macroparameter dependence on its nanoparameters using nanomechanics. This book will be useful for engineers, technologists, and researchers interested in methods of nanomechanics and in advanced nanomaterials with complex behavior and their applications.

Fundamentals of Nanoparticles

Fundamentals of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Ahmed Barhoum
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-08-09
ISBN : 0128135174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Nanoparticles: Classifications, Synthesis Methods, Properties and Characterization explores the nanoparticles and architecture of nanostructured materials being used today in a comprehensive, detailed manner. This book focuses primarily on the characterization, properties and synthesis of nanoscale materials, and is divided into three major parts. This is a valuable reference for materials scientists, and chemical and mechanical engineers working in R&D and academia, who want to learn more about how nanoparticles and nanomaterials are characterized and engineered. Part one covers nanoparticles formation, self-assembly in the architecture nanostructures, types and classifications of nanoparticles, and signature physical and chemical properties, toxicity and regulations. Part two presents different ways to form nanometer particles, including bottom-up and top-down approaches, the classical and non-classical theories of nanoparticles formation and self-assembly, surface functionalization and other surface treatments to allow practical use. Part three covers characterization of nanoparticles and nanostructured materials, including the determination of size and shape, in addition to atomic and electronic structures and other important properties. Includes new physical and chemical techniques for the synthesis of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures Features an in-depth treatment of nanoparticles and nanostructures, including their characterization and chemical and physical properties Explores the unusual properties of materials that are developed by modifying their shape and composition and by manipulating the arrangement of atoms and molecules Explains important techniques for the synthesis, fabrication and the characterization of complex nano-architectures

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architectural Nanostructures

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architectural Nanostructures Book
Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Ahmed Barhoum
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-03-22
ISBN : 0128135166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architecture Nanostructures: Current Prospects and Future Trends discusses the most important current applications of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures in a comprehensive, detailed manner. The book covers major applications of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures, taking into account their unusual shapes and high surface areas. In particular, coverage is given to applications in aerospace, automotive, batteries, sensors, smart textile design, energy conversion, color imaging, printing, computer chips, medical implants, pharmacy, cosmetics, and more. In addition, the book discusses the future of research in these areas. This is a valuable reference for both materials scientists, chemical and mechanical engineers working both in R&D and academia who want to learn more on how nanoparticles and nanomaterials are commercially applied. Provides an in-depth look at the properties of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures in terms of their applicability for industrial uses Analyzes the most recent advances and industrial applications of different types of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures, taking into account their unusual structures and compositions Identifies novel nanometric particles and architectures that are of particular value for applications and the techniques required to use them effectively

Emerging Nanotechnologies in Dentistry

Emerging Nanotechnologies in Dentistry Book
Author : Karthikeyan Subramani,Waqar Ahmed
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1455778621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology and the future of Dentistry -- Nanoparticles for Dental Materials: Synthesis, analysis and Applications -- Antimicrobial nanoparticles in Restorative Composites -- Nanotechnology in operative dentistry: a perspective approach of history, mechanical behavior and clinical application -- Nanotechnology and dental implants -- Titanium surface modification techniques for dental implants - From microscale to nanoscale -- Titanium nanotubes as carriers of osteogenic growth factors and antibacterial drugs for applications in dental implantology -- Cellular responses to nanoscale surface modifications of titanium implants for dentistry and bone tissue engineering applications -- Corrosion Resistance of Ti6Al4V with Nanostructured TiO2 Coatings -- Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes/Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles incorporated GTR membranes -- Fabrication of PEG hydrogel micropatterns by Soft-photolithography and PEG hydrogel as Guided Bone Regeneration membrane in dental implantology -- Na ...

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water Book
Author : Mamadou Diallo,Anita Street,Richard Sustich,Jeremiah Duncan,Nora Savage
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2009-02-12
ISBN : 9780815519737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The World Health Organization in 2004 estimated approximately 1.1 billion people did not have access to clean water and that 35% of Third World residents died from water-borne illnesses. While the situation is grim, recent advances strongly indicate that many of the current water quality problems can be addresses – and potentially resolved – using nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on research in water quality and Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. Here you will find detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. The first four parts of the book cover specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. For instance, recent advances show that many of the current problems involving water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book also discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors. The final part discusses the inherent societal implications that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. Over 80 leading experts from around the world share their wealth of knowledge in this truly unique reference. Institutions such as Center for the Purification of Water and Systems (Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign); UCLA Water Technology Center; Carnegie Mellon University, University of Kentucky; The University of Western Ontario; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; National Institute for Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan), Munasinghe Institute for Development (Sri Lanka) and the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars are just a few of the knowledge centers represented in this book. Water quality is a serious, global issue in which government bodies and scientific communities face many challenges in ensuring clean water is available to everyone. Nanotechnology is already showing dramatic results, and this book is an attempt to share current technologies and future possibilities in reaching this goal. From the Foreword: "Researchers and practitioners may find in this volume, key challenges regarding clean water resources. The presentations may crystallize new research and education programs." - Mihail Roco, U.S. National Science Foundation and U.S. Nanotechnology Initiative • Contributors from the US, India, Canada, Japan, UK, Sri Lanka, and South Africa • Provides detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications • Covers specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. • Discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors • Highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection.

Nanotechnology for Energy and Environmental Engineering

Nanotechnology for Energy and Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Lalita Ledwani,Jitendra S. Sangwai
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-12
ISBN : 303033774X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the potential applications of nanoscience and nanotechnology to promote eco-friendly processes and techniques for energy and environment sustainability. Covering various aspects of both the synthesis and applications of nanoparticles and nanofluids for energy and environmental engineering, its goal is to promote eco-friendly processes and techniques. Accordingly, the book elaborates on the development of reliable, economical, eco-friendly processes through advanced nanoscience and technological research and innovations. Gathering contributions by researchers actively engaged in various domains of nanoscience and technology, it addresses topics such as nanoparticle synthesis (both top-down and bottom-up approaches); applications of nanomaterials, nanosensors and plasma discharge in pollution control; environmental monitoring; agriculture; energy recovery; production enhancement; energy conservation and storage; surface modification of materials for energy storage; fuel cells; pollution mitigation; and CO2 capture and sequestration. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to academics and researchers whose work involves nanotechnology or nanomaterials, especially as applied to energy and/or environmental sustainability engineering. Graduate students in the same areas will also find it a valuable resource.

Nanofiltration Membranes

Nanofiltration Membranes Book
Author : Lau Woei Jye,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-12-19
ISBN : 1351722271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering fabrication, characterization, and applications nanofiltration (NF) membranes, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the development of NF membrane technology over the past decade. It uniquely covers a variety of fabrication techniques, comparing the procedures of each technique to produce polymeric membranes of different morphologies. The book also discusses advances in the materials used in thin film composite (TFC) polyamide membrane fabrication and their influences on properties with respect to structural and separation characteristics. A comprehensive review on NF characterization methods and techniques is provided, assessing physical and chemical properties and separation characteristics and stability. Technical challenges in fabricating a new generation of NF membranes are also reviewed and the possible approaches to overcome the challenges are provided. The book concludes with relevant case studies on the use of NF membranes in industrial implementation of both aqueous and nonaqueous media. Details the latest progress on the fabrication techniques of asymmetric and composite NF membranes. Discusses characterization methods used in assessing membrane physical/chemical properties, separation characteristics, and performance stability. Describes the potential of advanced materials in improving properties of polyamide selective layer as well as microporous substrate. Reviews the technical challenges in fabricating a new generation of composite membrane—thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membrane—possible approaches to overcome challenges. Offers case studies on the applications of NF membranes for both aqueous and nonaqueous media.

Advanced Optical Devices Technologies and Medical Applications

Advanced Optical Devices  Technologies  and Medical Applications Book
Author : Janis Spigulis
Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advanced Optical Devices Technologies and Medical Applications book written by Janis Spigulis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanoparticles

Nanoparticles Book
Author : Ramanathan Nagarajan,T. Allan Hatton,American Chemical Society. Meeting
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in the synthesis, stabilization, passivation and functionalization of a wide range of metal, metal oxide, semiconductor and other inorganic, polymer, organic, carbon and biological nanoparticles are reported in this book. Diverse shapes of nanoparticles are discussed here including spheres, cubes, nanorods, nanowires, nanotubes, nanocapsules, and nanopyramids. In the section on metals, one can find description of colloidal and wet chemical approaches to synthesize nanoparticles, methods to control number of functional groups and to attain aqueous dispersibility, impact of stabilizers on SERS activity, and ways to tune plasmon resonance via nanoparticle shapes. A time dependent density functional theory to evaluate adsorption properties of passivating ligands is also developed. The section on metal oxides describes surfactant aided formation and stabilization of iron oxide nanoparticles, the synthesis of titania nanotubes, and a hydrothermal condensation method to prepare nanowires of vanadium pentoxide. The section on semiconductor and inorganic nanoparticles includes details of the preparation of quantum dot surfactants as Langmuir Blodgett films, the synthesis of fluorinated organics silica composite nanoparticles, the kinetics of silver sulfide nanoparticle formation, the preparation of ultra bright silica nanoparticles and of nanoporous membranes from silica nanoparticle crystalline films, and a comprehensive view of microwave synthesis methods. The section on polymeric nanoparticles describes a ligand exchange strategy to synthesize polymer functionalized ferromagnetic nanoparticles, ROMP polymerization to produce polymer overlayers on nanoparticles, colloidal approaches to polysaccharide covered nanoparticles, and self assembly approach to stable polymer nanoparticles of controlled size. The final section includes a novel method to crystallize organic nanorods as branches on semiconductor nanoparticles, the use of tobacco mosaic virus as a template to prepare composite nanofibers, the synthesis of antibody functionalized gold nanorods of various aspect ratios for SPR based biosensing, and methods to stabilize aqueous dispersions of single wall carbon nanotubes using gamma cyclodextrins. In a fast growing field, this book offers both the beginning and advanced researchers, important details on creating nanomaterials and fruitful directions to follow.

Functional Nanostructured Materials and Membranes for Water Treatment

Functional Nanostructured Materials and Membranes for Water Treatment Book
Author : Mikel Duke,Dongyuan Zhao,Rafael Semiat
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 3527668489
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membranes have emerged over the last 30 years as a viable water treatment technology. Earth's population is growing and the need for alternative ways to generate potable water is rising. The recent advent of nanotechnology opens the door to improving processes in membrane technology, which is a promising step on the way to solving the earth's potable water problem. Current performance is enhanced and new concepts are possible by engineering on the nanoscale. This book presents key areas of nanotechnology such as fouling tolerant and robust membranes, enhanced destruction of pollutants and faster monitoring of water quality. 'Functional Nanostructured Materials and Membranes for Water Treatment' is part of the series on Materials for Sustainable Energy and Development edited by Prof. G.Q. Max Lu. The series covers advances in materials science and innovation for renewable energy, clean use of fossil energy, and greenhouse gas mitigation and associated environmental technologies.