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Advanced Nanomaterials For Membrane Synthesis And Its Applications

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Advanced Nanomaterials for Membrane Synthesis and Its Applications

Advanced Nanomaterials for Membrane Synthesis and Its Applications Book
Author : Woei Jye Lau,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Arun M. Isloor,Amir Al-Ahmed
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-21
ISBN : 0128145048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials for Membrane Synthesis and Its Applications provides the academic and industrial communities the most up-to-date information on the latest trends in membrane nanomaterials and membrane nanotechnology used in wastewater treatment, environmental technology and energy. The rapid advances in nanomaterials and nanotechnology development over the past decade have resulted in significant growth of the membrane business for various industrial processes, particularly in nanotechnology-based membrane processes. While membrane technology is increasingly being used for liquid and gas separations, it has great potential in a variety of additional applications. As the worldwide academic community has a strong interest in advanced membrane processes, particularly membrane nanotechnology for specific separations, this book provides a timely update on the topic. Presents a unique focus on the use of advanced nanomaterials in membrane fabrication/modification, and in the description of membrane nanotechnologies, such as nanofiltration, thin film nanocomposites and nanofibers for various applications Describes next generation membranes, providing first resource details on the development and commercialization stages of these new membranes Represents the state-of-the-art on the use of nanomaterials in membrane science

Advanced Nanomaterials for Catalysis and Energy

Advanced Nanomaterials for Catalysis and Energy Book
Author : Vladislav A. Sadykov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-08-27
ISBN : 012814808X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials for Catalysis and Energy: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications outlines new approaches to the synthesis of nanomaterials (synthesis in flow conditions, laser electrodispersion of single metals or alloys on carbon or oxide supports, mechanochemistry, sol-gel routes, etc.) to provide systems with a narrow particle size distribution, controlled metal-support interaction and nanocomposites with uniform spatial distribution of domains of different phases, even in dense sintered materials. Methods for characterization of real structure and surface properties of nanomaterials are discussed, including synchrotron radiation diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies, neutronography, transmission/scanning electron microscopy with elemental analysis, and more. The book covers the effect of nanosystems' composition, bulk and surface properties, metal-support interaction, particle size and morphology, deposition density, etc. on their functional properties (transport features, catalytic activity and reaction mechanism). Finally, it includes examples of various developed nanostructured solid electrolytes and mixed ionic-electronic conductors as materials in solid oxide fuel cells and asymmetric supported membranes for oxygen and hydrogen separation. Outlines synthetic and characterization methods for nanocatalysts Relates nanocatalysts' properties to their specific applications Proposes optimization methods aiming at specific applications

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy Book
Author : Jingbo Louise Liu,Sajid Bashir
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-06
ISBN : 0128017082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy presents timely topics related to nanomaterials' feasible synthesis and characterization, and their application in the energy fields. In addition, the book provides insights and scientific discoveries in toxicity study, with information that is easily understood by a wide audience. Advanced energy materials are important in designing materials that have greater physical, electronic, and optical properties. This book emphasizes the fundamental physics and chemistry underlying the techniques used to develop solar and fuel cells with high charge densities and energy conversion efficiencies. New analytical techniques (synchronous X-ray) which probe the interactions of particles and radiation with matter are also explored, making this book an invaluable reference for practitioners and those interested in the science. Provides a comprehensive review of solar energy, fuel cells, and gas storage from 2010 to the present Reviews feasible synthesis and modern analytical techniques used in alternative energy Explores examples of research in alternative energy, including current assessments of nanomaterials and safety Contains a glossary of terms, units, and historical benchmarks Presents a useful guide that will bring readers up to speed on historical developments in alternative fuel cells

Advanced Nanomaterials for Aerospace Applications

Advanced Nanomaterials for Aerospace Applications Book
Author : Carlos R. Cabrera,Félix Miranda
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-07-15
ISBN : 9814463183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials for Aerospace Applications has been developed for a community interested in space science and nanotechnology. Scientists and engineers from several NASA field centers and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, University of Puerto Rico, The Pennsylvania State University, and INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Italy, have joined efforts to discuss the applications of nanomaterials in sensors, atmosphere revitalization in habitable space platforms, life support systems, regenerative fuel cells, lithium-ion batteries, robust lightweight materials, nanoelectronics, and electromagnetic shielding. The book concludes with chapters that discuss bringing NASA-relevant nanotechnology into the classroom and the future directions in nanotechnology research and development at NASA.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Water Engineering Treatment and Hydraulics

Advanced Nanomaterials for Water Engineering  Treatment  and Hydraulics Book
Author : Saleh, Tawfik A.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2017-01-30
ISBN : 1522521372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While nanotechnology has been a booming research field for years, the study of how it can be used alongside water engineering has not been deeply explored. By examining the ways in which nanomaterials can aid hydraulics, these tools can be used for water purification, water treatments, and a vast array of other uses that will make water engineering easier and safer. Advanced Nanomaterials for Water Engineering, Treatment, and Hydraulics is a comprehensive reference source for the latest research-based material on the use of progressive nanotechnologies for water technologies. Featuring coverage on relevant topics such as water purification, nano-metal oxides, chitosan nanoparticles, and contaminated waste water, this is an ideal reference source for engineers, students, academics, and researchers seeking innovative perspectives on the use of nanomaterials in water engineering.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation Book
Author : Ravindra Kumar Gautam,Mahesh Chandra Chattopadhyaya
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 1498753353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contamination of aqueous environments by hazardous chemical compounds is the direct cause of the decline of safe clean water supply throughout the globe. The use of unconventional water sources such as treated wastewater will be a new norm. Emerging nanotechnological innovations have great potential for wastewater remediation processes. Applications that use smart nanomaterials of inorganic and organic origin improve treatment efficiency and lower energy requirements. This book describes the synthesis, fabrication, and application of advanced nanomaterials in water treatment processes; their adsorption, transformation into low toxic forms, or degradation phenomena, and the adsorption and separation of hazardous dyes, organic pollutants, heavy metals and metalloids from aqueous solutions. It explains the use of different categories of nanomaterials for various pollutants and enhances understanding of nanotechnology-based water remediation to make it less toxic and reusable.

Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications

Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-24
ISBN : 0128167882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functionalized nanomaterials have extremely useful properties, which can outperform their conventional counterparts because of their superior chemical, physical, and mechanical properties and exceptional formability. They are being used for the development and innovation in a range of industrial sectors. However, the use of functionalized nanomaterials is still in its infancy in many industrial settings. Functionalized nanomaterials have the potential to create cheaper and more effective consumer products and industrial processes. However, they also could have adverse effects on the environment, human health, and safety, and their sustainability is questionable, if used incorrectly. This book discusses the opportunities and challenges of using functionalized nanomaterials in a variety of major industrial sectors. Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications provides a concise summary of the major applications of functionalized nanomaterials in industry today. It covers the enhancements in industrial techniques and processes, due to functionalized nanomaterials, showing how they substantially improve the performance of existing procedures, and how they can deliver exciting consumer products more cheaply. Emphasis is given to greener approaches, leading to more sustainable products and devices. The legal, economical, and toxicity aspects of functionalized nanomaterials are also discussed in detail. Highlights established industrial applications of functionalized nanomaterials and discusses their future potential for a range of industrial sectors Discusses how functionalized nanomaterials are being used to create new types of commercial products and devices Assesses the challenges of using functionalized nanomaterials in industry, setting out major safety and regulatory challenges

Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications

Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications Book
Author : Kajornsak Faungnawakij,Woei Jye Lau,Uracha Rungsardthong Ruktanonchai,Kuakoon Piyachomkwan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-22
ISBN : 0128215097
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications: Environment, Energy, Agriculture and Medicine presents a comprehensive overview on recent developments and prospects surrounding nanotechnology use in water/wastewater separation and purification, energy storage and conversion, agricultural and food process, and effective diagnoses and treatments in medical fields. The book includes detailed overviews of nanotechnology, including nanofiltration membrane for water/wastewater treatment, nanomedicine and nanosensor development for medical implementation, advanced nanomaterials of different structural dimensions (0D, 1D, 2D and 3D) for energy applications, as well as food and agricultural utilization. Other sections discuss the challenges of lab-based research transitioning towards practical industrial use. Helps scientists and researchers quickly learn and understand the key role of nanotechnology in important industrial applications Takes an interdisciplinary approach, demonstrating how nanotechnology is being used in a wide range of industry sectors Outlines the role nanotechnology plays in creating safer, cheaper and more energy-efficient projects and devices

Synthetic Polymeric Membranes for Advanced Water Treatment Gas Separation and Energy Sustainability

Synthetic Polymeric Membranes for Advanced Water Treatment  Gas Separation  and Energy Sustainability Book
Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Wan Norharyati Wan Salleh,Norhaniza Yusof
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-14
ISBN : 0128184868
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Synthetic Polymeric Membranes for Advanced Water Treatment, Gas Separation, and Energy Sustainability is a cutting-edge guide that focuses on advanced water treatment applications, covering oily wastewater treatment, desalination, removal of dyes and pigments, photodegradation of organic hazardous materials, heavy metal removal, removal and recovery of nutrients, and volatile organic compounds. Other sections examine the area of gas separation, including acidic gas removal, oxygen enrichment, gas and vapor separation, hydrogen separation, and gas sensing. Final sections cover applications for sustainable energy usage, including the use of synthetic polymer membranes in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), and more. This is a highly valuable guide for researchers, scientists, and advanced students, working with polymer membranes and films, and across polymer science, polymer chemistry, materials science, chemical e Explains the design, preparation and characterization of synthetic polymer-based membranes for advanced applications Provides a clear picture of the state-of-the-art in the field, including novel fabrication approaches and the latest advances in physico-chemical characterizations Supports the development and implementation of innovative, sustainable solutions to water treatment, gas separation and energy devices

Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants

Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants Book
Author : Barbara Bonelli,Francesca S. Freyria,Ilenia Rossetti,Rajandrea Sethi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-12
ISBN : 0128184906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants assesses the role of nanotechnology and nanomaterials in improving both the detection and removal of inorganic and organic contaminants from wastewater that originates from municipal and industrial plants. The book covers how nanotechnology is being used to remove common contaminants, including dyes, chlorinated solvents, nitrites/nitrates, and emerging contaminants, such as pharmaceuticals, personal care products and pesticides. Sections cover nanofiltration, adsorption and remediation. Nanomaterial immobilization recovery is also addressed, along with the quantification of heat/mass transport limitations, sizing aspects and transport phenomena. Finally, regulatory aspects regarding contaminants and nanoparticles in the environment are covered. This book is an important resource for both materials scientists and environmental scientists looking to see how nanotechnology can play a role in making wastewater a less hazardous part of the global ecosystem. Addresses the role of new nanotechnology-based solutions for the detection and removal of common and emerging contaminants Discusses the environmental impact of nanoparticles used in wastewater contaminant detection and removal Explores the major challenges for using nanomaterials to detect and remove contaminants from wastewater

The Two Faces of Nanomaterials

The Two Faces of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Dong-Wook Han,Timur Sh. Atabaev
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-06-23
ISBN : 3039289837
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to properties differing from those of larger materials, nanomaterials have been extensively used in different areas including nanomedicine, drug delivery, theragnosis, and bioimaging in recent years. Evaluating the toxicity profile (i.e., biocompatibility) of nanomaterials and their impact on health is essential to support the potential biomedical applications. This book deals with the two faces of nanomaterials, toxicity and bioactivity, hoping to aid with their development for clinical applications, reducing the possible risks associated with their use.

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Bharat A. Bhanvase,Shirish Sonawane,Vijay B. Pawade,Aniruddha B. Pandit
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-01
ISBN : 0128214996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment: Fundamentals and Scale up Issues provides coverage of the nanomaterials used for wastewater treatment, covering photocatalytic nanocomposite materials, nanomaterials used as adsorbents, water remediation processes, and their current status and challenges. The book explores the major applications of nanomaterials for effective catalysis and adsorption, also providing in-depth information on the properties and application of new advanced nanomaterials for wastewater treatment processes. This is an important reference source for researchers who need to solve basic and advanced problems relating to the use of nanomaterials for the development of wastewater treatment processes and technologies. As nanotechnology has the potential to substantially improve current water and wastewater treatment processes, the synthesis methods and physiochemical properties of nanomaterials and noble metal nanoparticles make their performance and mechanisms efficient for the treatment of various pollutants. Explains the properties of the most commonly used nanomaterials used for wastewater treatment Describes the major nanoscale synthesis and processing techniques for wastewater treatment Assesses the major challenges for using nanomaterials on a mass scale for wastewater treatment

Nanomaterials for Agriculture and Forestry Applications

Nanomaterials for Agriculture and Forestry Applications Book
Author : Azamal Husen,Mohammad Jawaid
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-06
ISBN : 0128178531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials for Agriculture and Forestry Applications explores how major nanomaterials are being specially used in the agriculture, forestry, and other associated sectors. Plants and their products are used for synthesis of nanoparticles as they contain primary and secondary metabolites, which reduce the metal salts and metal oxides into their nanoparticles. Exposure of these particles has been examined for their sustainable role and/or interaction with agricultural crops in terms of growth and yields. Nanomaterials accumulation and translocation have shown interaction with cellular organelles, DNA, RNA, proteins, or other biomolecules; and affect various functions of cell organelles. Application of nanosensors holds a significant promise in monitoring signaling pathways, metabolism, detection of crop/soil diseases, and specific pollutants or pesticides. Nanomaterials have also been used in soil and water quality management. In forestry sector, the nanotechnology is considered as the potential platform, which can transform the forest materials into value-added products, such as smart paper, nano-packaging, coating material, building construction, and biomedical and other sectors. This book is an important resource, showing how nanotechnology is being used to enhance large-scale agricultural and/or industrial application and production. Discusses the major types of nanomaterials used in the agriculture and forestry sectors, exploring how their properties make them effective for specific applications Explores the design, fabrication, characterization and applications of nanomaterials for new agri-products Offers an overview of regulatory aspects regarding the use of nanomaterials for agriculture and forestry

Alternative Energy Resources

Alternative Energy Resources Book
Author : Pankaj Pathak,Rajiv Ranjan Srivastava
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-04
ISBN : 3030579239
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews alternative and renewable energy resources in order to pave the way for a more sustainable production in the future. A multi-disciplinary team of authors provides a comprehensive overview of current technologies and future trends, including solar technologies, wind energy, hydropower, microbial electrochemical systems and various biomass sources for biofuel production. In addition, the book focuses on solutions for developing countries. Conventional energy sources are finite, and estimates suggest that they will be exhausted within a few decades. Finding a solution to this problem is a global challenge, and developing countries in particular are still highly dependent on fossil fuels due to their rapidly growing populations accompanied by a huge growth in primary energy consumption. Moreover, the most common conventional energy sources (coal and petroleum) are non-sustainable since their combustion exponentially increases greenhouse gas emissions. As such, there is a pressing need for clean energy based on alternative or renewable resources, not only to ensure energy supplies at an affordable price but also to protect the environment.

Applications of Metal Organic Frameworks and Their Derived Materials

Applications of Metal Organic Frameworks and Their Derived Materials Book
Author : Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-04-23
ISBN : 1119651166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are porous crystalline polymers constructed by metal sites and organic building blocks. Since the discovery of MOFs in the 1990s, they have received tremendous research attention for various applications due to their high surface area, controllable morphology, tunable chemical properties, and multifunctionalities, including MOFs as precursors and self-sacrificing templates for synthesizing metal oxides, heteroatom-doped carbons, metal-atoms encapsulated carbons, and others. Thus, awareness and knowledge about MOFs and their derived nanomaterials with conceptual understanding are essential for the advanced material community. This breakthrough new volume aims to explore down-to-earth applications in fields such as biomedical, environmental, energy, and electronics. This book provides an overview of the structural and fundamental properties, synthesis strategies, and versatile applications of MOFs and their derived nanomaterials. It gives an updated and comprehensive account of the research in the field of MOFs and their derived nanomaterials. Whether as a reference for industry professionals and nanotechnologists or for use in the classroom for graduate and postgraduate students, faculty members, and research and development specialists working in the area of inorganic chemistry, materials science, and chemical engineering, this is a must-have for any library.

Osmosis Engineering

Osmosis Engineering Book
Author : Nidal Hilal,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Mohamed Khayet Souhaimi,Daniel Johnson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-23
ISBN : 0128231882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Osmosis Engineering provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art surrounding osmosis-based research and industrial applications. The book covers the underpinning theories, technology developments and commercial applications. Sections discuss innovative and advanced membranes and modules for osmosis separation processes (e.g., reverse osmosis, forward osmosis, pressure retarded osmosis, osmotic membrane distillation), different application of these osmosis separation processes for energy and water separation, such as the treatment of radioactive waste, oily wastewater and heavy metal removal, draw solutions, pretreatment technologies, fouling effects, the use of renewable energy driven osmotic processes, computational, environmental and economic studies, and more. Covers state-of-the-art osmotic engineering technologies and applications Presents multidisciplinary topics in engineered osmosis, including both fundamental and applied EO concepts Includes major challenges such as fouling mitigation, membrane development, pre-treatment and energy usage

Aquananotechnology

Aquananotechnology Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Muhammad Zahid
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-12-01
ISBN : 0128211423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aquananotechnology: Applications of Nanomaterials for Water Purification focuses on the impacts of, and opportunities for, the application of nanotechnology to enhance water quality and the societal concerns surrounding the widespread use of nanotechnology in the water arena. Sections cover the use of nano-sensors for the detection of water pollutants, the control of waterborne pathogens, and the use of nano-biochar coal fly composites for phytoremdtions wastewater pollutants. In addition, the book explores the uses of nanoadsorbents for heavy metals, dyes, Arsenic, pesticides, and water/wastewater remediation and decontamination of water from xenobiotics, bionanocomposites, metal oxides, silver, zinc nanoparticles, and carbon-based nanomaterials for wastewater treatment. In addition, the book covers the use of zerovalent iron nanomaterials and nanostructured mesoporous silica for water purification, along with nano-hydrogels to increase water efficiency and conservation. Finally, the socioeconomic impacts and risks of aquananotechnology in ecosystems are discussed. This book provides a detailed description of the ecological applications of nanomaterials in aquatic environments, offering a cogent analysis of both major applications and challenges. Shows how a range of nanomaterial types are being used for ecological applications in aquatic environments Explores the effects different types of nanomaterials have on a variety of ecosystems Assesses the major challenges of using nanotechnology to improve water quality on a mass scale

Graphene Technology

Graphene Technology Book
Author : Soroush Nazarpour,Stephen R. Waite
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-06-24
ISBN : 3527687556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Filling the gap between publications for industrial developers and academic researchers on graphene synthesis and its applications, this book presents the essential aspects for the successful upscaling of graphene production. After an introduction to graphene, its synthesis and characterization, the text covers a wide variety of graphene composites and compounds. The larger part of the book discusses various applications where graphene has been successfully integrated into technologies, including uses in the energy sector, oil and gas industry, biomedical areas, sensors and coatings. Finally, the book concludes with a summary and a look at the future of graphene technology, including a market review. With its focus on applications, this is equally useful for both academic and industrial users.

Nanofiltration Membranes

Nanofiltration Membranes Book
Author : Lau Woei Jye,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-12-19
ISBN : 1351722271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering fabrication, characterization, and applications nanofiltration (NF) membranes, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the development of NF membrane technology over the past decade. It uniquely covers a variety of fabrication techniques, comparing the procedures of each technique to produce polymeric membranes of different morphologies. The book also discusses advances in the materials used in thin film composite (TFC) polyamide membrane fabrication and their influences on properties with respect to structural and separation characteristics. A comprehensive review on NF characterization methods and techniques is provided, assessing physical and chemical properties and separation characteristics and stability. Technical challenges in fabricating a new generation of NF membranes are also reviewed and the possible approaches to overcome the challenges are provided. The book concludes with relevant case studies on the use of NF membranes in industrial implementation of both aqueous and nonaqueous media. Details the latest progress on the fabrication techniques of asymmetric and composite NF membranes. Discusses characterization methods used in assessing membrane physical/chemical properties, separation characteristics, and performance stability. Describes the potential of advanced materials in improving properties of polyamide selective layer as well as microporous substrate. Reviews the technical challenges in fabricating a new generation of composite membrane—thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membrane—possible approaches to overcome challenges. Offers case studies on the applications of NF membranes for both aqueous and nonaqueous media.

Towards Engineering Advanced Nanomaterials

Towards Engineering Advanced Nanomaterials Book
Author : Changwoo Kim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As advanced nanomaterials, inorganic-organic nano composites have received great interest as potential platform (nano) structures for sensor, catalyst, sorbent, and environmental applications. Here, my Ph.D. research has focused on the design, synthesis, and characterization of advanced water-stable engineered metal-oxide nanoparticles functionalized by organic frames for environmental applications. For the environmental applications, I have evaluated particleoptimized sorption processes for the remediation and separation of arsenic, chromium, and uranium under environmentally relevant conditions. More specifically, I have explored the critical role of organic coating on sorption mechanisms and performances using engineered iron oxide -based, manganese oxide -based, and manganese ferrite -based (core) nanoparticles with varying size, composition, surface coating and functional groups. With the application for environmental remediation of organic functionalized metal oxide nanoparticles, implication of advanced materials is another essential subject for environmental nano impact. As environmental implications, I fundamentally described material transport behavior(s), including aggregation and deposition in terms of surface organic matrix; I quantitatively explored the role of organic coating on collision and attachment of inorganic-organic nano composites for the environmental fate and transport of new nano platforms. Further, I evaluated highly stable organic coated superparamagnetic nanoparticles as potential draw solute for osmotic pressure driven membrane system to exploit paramagnetism of the particles. These works suggest better understanding of environmental application and implication for inorganic-organic nano composites.