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Advanced Nanomaterials For Catalysis And Energy

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Advanced Nanomaterials for Catalysis and Energy

Advanced Nanomaterials for Catalysis and Energy Book
Author : Vladislav A. Sadykov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-08-27
ISBN : 012814808X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials for Catalysis and Energy: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications outlines new approaches to the synthesis of nanomaterials (synthesis in flow conditions, laser electrodispersion of single metals or alloys on carbon or oxide supports, mechanochemistry, sol-gel routes, etc.) to provide systems with a narrow particle size distribution, controlled metal-support interaction and nanocomposites with uniform spatial distribution of domains of different phases, even in dense sintered materials. Methods for characterization of real structure and surface properties of nanomaterials are discussed, including synchrotron radiation diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies, neutronography, transmission/scanning electron microscopy with elemental analysis, and more. The book covers the effect of nanosystems' composition, bulk and surface properties, metal-support interaction, particle size and morphology, deposition density, etc. on their functional properties (transport features, catalytic activity and reaction mechanism). Finally, it includes examples of various developed nanostructured solid electrolytes and mixed ionic-electronic conductors as materials in solid oxide fuel cells and asymmetric supported membranes for oxygen and hydrogen separation. Outlines synthetic and characterization methods for nanocatalysts Relates nanocatalysts' properties to their specific applications Proposes optimization methods aiming at specific applications

Advanced Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Based Energy Conversion and Storage

Advanced Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Based Energy Conversion and Storage Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-15
ISBN : 0128145587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials for Electrochemical-Based Energy Conversion and Storage covers recent progress made in the rational design and engineering of functional nanomaterials for battery and supercapacitor applications in the forms of electrode materials, separators and electrolytes. The book includes detailed discussions of preparation methods, structural characterization, and manipulation techniques. Users will find a comprehensive illustration on the close correlation between material structures and properties, such as energy density, power density, cycle number and safety. Provides an overview on the application of nanomaterials for energy storage and power systems Includes a description of the fundamental aspects of the electrochemical process Explores the new aspects of electrolyte and separator systems

Nanoparticles in Catalysis

Nanoparticles in Catalysis Book
Author : Karine Philippot,Alain Roucoux
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release : 2020-12-21
ISBN : 9783527346073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by an international team of leaders in the field, the book covers recent advances and new tools for the efficient synthesis of metal nanoparticles and their application in important catalytic reactions.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Pollutant Sensing and Environmental Catalysis

Advanced Nanomaterials for Pollutant Sensing and Environmental Catalysis Book
Author : Qidong Zhao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-09-13
ISBN : 0128147970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials for Pollutant Sensing and Environmental Catalysis presents the most recent advances and scientific discoveries in the fields of environmental protection and sensing with nanotechnology. The book's authors highlight recent advancements in how nanotechnology is being used to create more efficient pollution controls, with particular attention given to noble metal nanosensors, novel hollow micro-/nanostructures with innovative functions, and advanced nanocatalysts based on carbon materials for water splitting. Each chapter demonstrates the fundamentals of the technology, illustrating key concepts and highlighting the latest developments and challenges in these multi-disciplinary fields. This book is a valuable resource for academic researchers, graduate students and R&D professionals in the fields of material science, chemistry, environmental science and nanotechnology. Presents the current state-of-the-art and covers the fundamentals and related technologies from a strong chemical, material and environmental engineering background Covers current trends and issues, including nontoxicity, efficiency of decomposition, and the sensitivity of nanomaterials used for sensing and environmental remediation Highlights the benefits and challenges of using nanomaterials to control pollution

Nanocatalysis

Nanocatalysis Book
Author : Vivek Polshettiwar,Tewodros Asefa
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-09-06
ISBN : 1118609808
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exhibiting both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic properties,nanocatalysts allow for rapid and selective chemicaltransformations, with the benefits of excellent product yield andease of catalyst separation and recovery. This book reviews thecatalytic performance and the synthesis and characterization ofnanocatalysts, examining the current state of the art and pointingthe way towards new avenues of research. Moreover, the authorsdiscuss new and emerging applications of nanocatalysts andnanocatalysis, from pharmaceuticals to fine chemicals to renewableenergy to biotransformations. Nanocatalysis features contributions from leadingresearch groups around the world. These contributions reflect athorough review of the current literature as well as theauthors’ first-hand experience designing and synthesizingnanocatalysts and developing new applications for them. Thebook’s nineteen chapters offer a broad perspective,covering: Nanocatalysis for carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom couplingreactions Nanocatalysis for various organic transformations in finechemical synthesis Nanocatalysis for oxidation, hydrogenation, and other relatedreactions Nanomaterial-based photocatalysis and biocatalysis Nanocatalysts to produce non-conventional energy such ashydrogen and biofuels Nanocatalysts and nano-biocatalysts in the chemicalindustry Readers will also learn about the latest spectroscopic andmicroscopy tools used in advanced characterization methods thatshed new light on nanocatalysts and nanocatalysis. Moreover, theauthors offer expert advice to help readers develop strategies toimprove catalytic performance. Summarizing and reviewing all the most important advances innanocatalysis over the last two decades, this book explains themany advantages of nanocatalysts over conventional homogeneous andheterogeneous catalysts, providing the information and guidanceneeded for designing green, sustainable catalytic processes.

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy Book
Author : Jingbo Louise Liu,Sajid Bashir
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-06
ISBN : 0128017082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy presents timely topics related to nanomaterials' feasible synthesis and characterization, and their application in the energy fields. In addition, the book provides insights and scientific discoveries in toxicity study, with information that is easily understood by a wide audience. Advanced energy materials are important in designing materials that have greater physical, electronic, and optical properties. This book emphasizes the fundamental physics and chemistry underlying the techniques used to develop solar and fuel cells with high charge densities and energy conversion efficiencies. New analytical techniques (synchronous X-ray) which probe the interactions of particles and radiation with matter are also explored, making this book an invaluable reference for practitioners and those interested in the science. Provides a comprehensive review of solar energy, fuel cells, and gas storage from 2010 to the present Reviews feasible synthesis and modern analytical techniques used in alternative energy Explores examples of research in alternative energy, including current assessments of nanomaterials and safety Contains a glossary of terms, units, and historical benchmarks Presents a useful guide that will bring readers up to speed on historical developments in alternative fuel cells

Advanced Nanomaterials in Biomedical Sensor and Energy Applications

Advanced Nanomaterials in Biomedical  Sensor and Energy Applications Book
Author : Jayeeta Chattopadhyay,Rohit Srivastava
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-19
ISBN : 9811053464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is aimed at all those who are interested to understand the current research going on in nanomaterial science from the perspectives of biomedical, sensorial and energy applications including all aspects of physical chemist, chemical engineers and material scientist. Nanoscience and nanotechnology are at the forefront of modern research. The fast growing economy in this area requires experts with outstanding knowledge of nanoscience in combination with the skills to apply this knowledge in new products. A multidisciplinary scientific education is crucial to provide industry and research institutes with top quality experts who have a generic background in the different sub disciplines such as electronics, physics, chemistry, material science, biotechnology. The book covers recent advancement in nanoscience and nanotechnology particularly highlights the utilization of different types of nanomaterials in biomedical field, sensor and in the energy application. On the other hand, it leads the reader to the most significant recent developments in research. It provides a broad and in-depth coverage of the nanoscale materials and its depth significant applications.

Advances in Heterocatalysis by Nanomaterials

Advances in Heterocatalysis by Nanomaterials Book
Author : Ioannis V. Yentekakis,Wei(Willy) Chu
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-05-13
ISBN : 3039288350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterogeneous catalysis played, plays, and will continue to play, a major key role in industrial processes for large-scale synthesis of commodity chemicals of global importance, and in catalytic systems that possess a critical role in energy generation and environmental protection approaches. As a result of the ongoing progress in materials science, nanotechnology, and characterizations, great advances have been achieved in heterogeneous catalysis by nanomaterials. Efficient approaches and advanced methods for the design of nano-structured composite materials (up to atomic level), subject to specific nano-morphologies with enhanced metal–metal and metal–support interactions favorable for catalysis (that enable fine-tuning of the critical properties of the designed catalysts), provide optimized catalysts with outstanding performances in numerous eco-friendly and cost-effective applications. Accordingly, great progress has been achieved involving, for example, emissions control, waste treatment, photocatalytic, bio-refinery, CO2 utilization, and fuel cells applications, as well as hydrocarbon processing for H2, added-value chemicals, and liquid fuels production. The themed Special Issue has succeeded in collecting 10 high-quality contributions that cover recent research progress in the field for a variety of applications (e.g., environment, energy, added-value chemicals/organics synthesis, and bio-transformation) declaring the prospect and importance of nanomaterials in all the directions of heterogeneous catalysis.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Membrane Synthesis and Its Applications

Advanced Nanomaterials for Membrane Synthesis and Its Applications Book
Author : Woei Jye Lau,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Arun M. Isloor,Amir Al-Ahmed
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-21
ISBN : 0128145048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials for Membrane Synthesis and Its Applications provides the academic and industrial communities the most up-to-date information on the latest trends in membrane nanomaterials and membrane nanotechnology used in wastewater treatment, environmental technology and energy. The rapid advances in nanomaterials and nanotechnology development over the past decade have resulted in significant growth of the membrane business for various industrial processes, particularly in nanotechnology-based membrane processes. While membrane technology is increasingly being used for liquid and gas separations, it has great potential in a variety of additional applications. As the worldwide academic community has a strong interest in advanced membrane processes, particularly membrane nanotechnology for specific separations, this book provides a timely update on the topic. Presents a unique focus on the use of advanced nanomaterials in membrane fabrication/modification, and in the description of membrane nanotechnologies, such as nanofiltration, thin film nanocomposites and nanofibers for various applications Describes next generation membranes, providing first resource details on the development and commercialization stages of these new membranes Represents the state-of-the-art on the use of nanomaterials in membrane science

Nanomaterials for Environmental Purification and Energy Conversion

Nanomaterials for Environmental Purification and Energy Conversion Book
Author : Ewa Kowalska,Agata Markowska-Szczupak,Marcin Janczarek
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-02-06
ISBN : 303921814X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Special Issue, “Nanomaterials for Environmental Purification and Energy Conversion”, describes the significant and increasing role of nanomaterials in catalysis. It is believed that the most important factor for future human development could be to use nanomaterials (nanotechnology) to solve such critical issues facing humanity such as environment, water and energy. It should be also pointed out that properties of nanomaterials differ substantially from that of bulk materials of the same composition, resulting in high reactivity. Therefore, it creates new perspectives for the catalytic processes in the broad sense. This issue was mainly dedicated as a platform for the contributions from The Symposium on Nanomaterials for Environmental Purification and Energy Conversion (SNEPEC), which was held in Sapporo, Japan in winter 2018. Accordingly, this book compiles the current state-of-the-art of research in the area of novel photocatalysts and highlights current research directions in the fields of advanced oxidation technologies, material science and nanotechnology. Written by leading experts in the field of photochemistry and chemical engineering, a collection of 17 papers, including 16 research papers and one review, covers a broad range of topics focusing on the exceptional role of catalytic nanomaterials in solving environmental and energy problems of modern societies. The majority of papers present the importance of photocatalytic nanomaterials, especially for degradation of organic pollutants and inactivation of microorganisms, but there is also a strong representation of conventional catalysis, based on nanomaterials for important processes such as catalytic hydrogen production and organic synthesis.

Nanotechnology for the Energy Challenge

Nanotechnology for the Energy Challenge Book
Author : Javier García-Martínez
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-05-20
ISBN : 3527665129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the daunting energy challenges faced by Mankind in the 21st century, revolutionary new technologies will be the key to a clean, secure and sustainable energy future. Nanostructures often have surprising and very useful capabilities and are thus paving the way for new methodologies in almost every kind of industry. This exceptional monograph provides an overview of the subject, and presents the current state of the art with regard to different aspects of sustainable production, efficient storage and low-impact use of energy. Comprised of eighteen chapters, the book is divided in three thematic parts: Part I Sustainable Energy Production covers the main developments of nanotechnology in clean energy production and conversion, including photovoltaics, hydrogen production, thermal-electrical energy conversion and fuel cells. Part II Efficient Energy Storage is concerned with the potential use of nanomaterials in more efficient energy storage systems such as advanced batteries, supercapacitors and hydrogen storage. Part III Energy Sustainability shows how nanotechnology helps to use energy more efficiently, and the mitigation of impacts to the environment, with special emphasis on energy savings through green nanofabrication, advanced catalysis, nanostructured light-emitting and eletrochromic devices and CO2 capture by nanoporous materials . An essential addition to any bookshelf, it will be invaluable to a variety of research fields including materials science, chemical engineering, solid state, surface, industrial, and physical chemistry, as this is a subject that is very interdisciplinary.

Sustainable Preparation of Metal Nanoparticles

Sustainable Preparation of Metal Nanoparticles Book
Author : Rafael Luque,Rajender S. Varma,James H. Clark
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2012-11-10
ISBN : 1849734283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This timely publication bridges and presents the latest trends and updates in three hot topics of current and future society: nanomaterials, energy and environment. It provides the state-of-the-art as well as current challenges and advances in the sustainable preparation of metal nanoparticles and their applications. The book fills a critical gap in a multidisciplinary area of high economic, social and environmental importance. Currently, there are no books published that deal with these ever increasing important topics, as most books in this area focus on a particular topic (eg. nanomaterials or catalysis or energy or environment). This is the first multidisciplinary edited book covering the very basics to the more advanced, trendy developments, containing a unique blend of nano, green, renewable and bio.

Carbon Based Nanomaterials for Advanced Thermal and Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion

Carbon Based Nanomaterials for Advanced Thermal and Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion Book
Author : Cheng-Te Lin,Yan Wang,Vinodkumar Etacheri,Rajib Paul
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-07-20
ISBN : 0128140844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Based Nanomaterials for Advanced Thermal and Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion presents a comprehensive overview of recent theoretical and experimental developments and prospects on carbon-based nanomaterials for thermal, solar and electrochemical energy conversion, along with their storage applications for both laboratory and industrial perspectives. Large growth in human populations has led to seminal growth in global energy consumption, hence fossil fuel usage has increased, as have unwanted greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, which results in critical environmental concerns. This book discusses this growing problem, aligning carbon nanomaterials as a solution because of their structural diversity and electronic, thermal and mechanical properties. Provides an overview on state-of-the-art carbon nanomaterials and key requirements for applications of carbon materials towards efficient energy storage and conversion Presents an updated and comprehensive review of recent work and the theoretical aspects on electrochemistry Includes discussions on the industrial production of carbon-based materials for energy applications, along with insights from industrial experts

Nanomaterials in Advanced Batteries and Supercapacitors

Nanomaterials in Advanced Batteries and Supercapacitors Book
Author : Kenneth I. Ozoemena,Shaowei Chen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-18
ISBN : 3319260820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an authoritative source of information on the use of nanomaterials to enhance the performance of existing electrochemical energy storage systems and the manners in which new such systems are being made possible. The book covers the state of the art of the design, preparation, and engineering of nanoscale functional materials as effective catalysts and as electrodes for electrochemical energy storage and mechanistic investigation of electrode reactions. It also provides perspectives and challenges for future research. A related book by the same editors is: Nanomaterials for Fuel Cell Catalysis.

Catalysis by Materials with Well Defined Structures

Catalysis by Materials with Well Defined Structures Book
Author : Zili Wu,Steven H. Overbury
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-03-26
ISBN : 0128013400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Catalysis by Materials with Well-Defined Structures examines the latest developments in the use of model systems in fundamental catalytic science. A team of prominent experts provides authoritative, first-hand information, helping readers better understand heterogeneous catalysis by utilizing model catalysts based on uniformly nanostructured materials. The text addresses topics and issues related to material synthesis, characterization, catalytic reactions, surface chemistry, mechanism, and theoretical modeling, and features a comprehensive review of recent advances in catalytic studies on nanomaterials with well-defined structures, including nanoshaped metals and metal oxides, nanoclusters, and single sites in the areas of heterogeneous thermal catalysis, photocatalysis, and electrocatalysis. Users will find this book to be an invaluable, authoritative source of information for both the surface scientist and the catalysis practitioner Outlines the importance of nanomaterials and their potential as catalysts Provides detailed information on synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials with well-defined structures, relating surface activity to catalytic activity Details how to establish the structure-catalysis relationship and how to reveal the surface chemistry and surface structure of catalysts Offers examples on various in situ characterization instrumental techniques Includes in-depth theoretical modeling utilizing advanced Density Functional Theory (DFT) methods

Nanomaterials for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Remediation

Nanomaterials for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Remediation Book
Author : Mu. Naushad,R. Saravanan,Raju Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-14
ISBN : 0128193565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured materials, especially, 1D, 2D and 3D nanostructures, and their engineered architectures are being increasingly used due to their potential to achieve sustainable development in energy and environmental sectors, providing a solution to a range of global challenges. A huge amount of research has been devoted in the recent past on the fine-tuning of nano-architecutres to accomplish innovations in energy storage and conversions, i.e., batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, solar cells, and electrochromic devices, bifunctional catalysts for ORR and OER, gas to fuels, liquid to fuels, and photocatalysts, corrosion, electrochemical sensors, and pollution and contaminants removal. Nanomaterials for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Remediation describes the fundamental aspects of a diverse range of nanomaterials for the sustainable development in energy and environmental remediation in a comprehensive manner. Experimental studies of varies nanomaterials will be discussed along with their design and applications, with specific attention to various chemical reactions involving and their challenges for catalysis, energy storage and conversion systems, and removal of pollutants are addressed. This book will also emphasise the challenges with past developments and direction for further research, details pertaining to the current ground - breaking technology and future perspective with multidisciplinary approach on energy, nanobiotechnology and environmental science Summarizes the latest advances in how nanotechnology is being used in energy and environmental science Outlines the major challenges to using nanomaterials for creating new products and devices in the sustainable energy and environmental sectors Helps materials scientists and engineers make selection and design decisions regarding which nanomaterial to use when creating new produts and evices for energy and environmental applications

PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers

PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers Book
Author : Jiujun Zhang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-26
ISBN : 1848009364
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells are promising clean energy converting devices with high efficiency and low to zero emissions. Such power sources can be used in transportation, stationary, portable and micro power applications. The key components of these fuel cells are catalysts and catalyst layers. “PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers” provides a comprehensive, in-depth survey of the field, presented by internationally renowned fuel cell scientists. The opening chapters introduce the fundamentals of electrochemical theory and fuel cell catalysis. Later chapters investigate the synthesis, characterization, and activity validation of PEM fuel cell catalysts. Further chapters describe in detail the integration of the electrocatalyst/catalyst layers into the fuel cell, and their performance validation. Researchers and engineers in the fuel cell industry will find this book a valuable resource, as will students of electrochemical engineering and catalyst synthesis.

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis Book
Author : Steven L Suib
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-07-13
ISBN : 0444538755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of seven books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes. The use of catalysts in the nanoscale offers various advantages (increased efficiency and less byproducts), and these are discussed in this volume along with the various catalytic processes using nanoparticles. However, this is not without any risks and the safety aspects and effects on humans and the environment are still unknown. The present data as well as future needs are all part of this volume along with the economics involved. Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes

2D Nanomaterials for Energy Applications

2D Nanomaterials for Energy Applications Book
Author : Spyridon Zafeiratos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-22
ISBN : 0128168897
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

2D Nanomaterials for Energy Applications: Graphene and Beyond discusses the current state-of-the art of 2D nanomaterials used in energy-related applications. Sections cover nanogenerators, hydrogen storage and theoretical design. Each chapter focuses on a different energy application, thus allowing readers to gain a greater understanding of the most promising 2D materials in the field. The book's ultimate goal lies in describing how each energy technology is beneficial, hence it provides a valuable reference source for materials scientists and engineers. The physical and chemical properties of 2D materials can be effectively tuned through different strategies, such as controlling dimensions, the crystallographic structure and defects, or doping with heteroatoms. This flexibility facilitates the design of 2D materials for dedicated applications in the field of energy conversion and storage. Offers a single source for the major practical applications of 2D materials in the field of energy conversion and storage Explores how 2D materials are being used to create new, more efficient industrial energy products and devices Compares a variety of 2D materials, showing how the properties of a range of these materials make them beneficial for specific energy applications

Aqueous Microwave Assisted Chemistry

Aqueous Microwave Assisted Chemistry Book
Author : Vivek Polshettiwar,Rajender S. Varma
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1849730385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The demands for green and sustainable synthetic methods in the fields of healthcare and fine chemicals, combined with the pressure to produce these substances expeditiously and in an environmentally benign fashion, pose significant challenges to the synthetic chemical community. Green chemistry can avoid pollution by utilizing techniques that are environmentally friendly by design and one of the best green techniques is the use of microwave (MW) assisted aqueous synthetic protocols. Fusing MW technique with water (as a benign reaction medium) can offer an extraordinary synergistic effect with greater potential than these two individual components in isolation. Selective microwave heating can be exploited to develop a high yield protocol and the use of water expedites the MW-protocol with more energy efficiency. This book provides an overview of the various processes developed using aqueous microwave chemistry and is written for chemists, chemical engineers and researchers in the early stages who want to develop sustainable and green processes. Written by well known microwave experts, the book is a comprehensive examination of the field and is the first book that deals strictly with aqueous microwave chemistry and represents a significant effort towards green chemistry. It covers all the microwave-assisted aqueous reactions in depth, including heterocycle synthesis, metal catalysis, enzyme catalysis, polymer synthesis, nanomaterials synthesis and nano-catalysis. Each chapter contains representative experimental procedures, helping the reader quickly replicate some of the experiments to gain hands-on experience.