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Advanced Composites In Bridge Construction And Repair

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Advanced Composites in Bridge Construction and Repair

Advanced Composites in Bridge Construction and Repair Book
Author : Yail Jimmy Kim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-16
ISBN : 0857097016
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced composite materials for bridge structures are recognized as a promising alternative to conventional construction materials such as steel. After an introductory overview and an assessment of the characteristics of bonds between composites and quasi-brittle structures, Advanced Composites in Bridge Construction and Repair reviews the use of advanced composites in the design and construction of bridges, including damage identification and the use of large rupture strain fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites. The second part of the book presents key applications of FRP composites in bridge construction and repair, including the use of all-composite superstructures for accelerated bridge construction, engineered cementitious composites for bridge decks, carbon fiber-reinforced polymer composites for cable-stayed bridges and for repair of deteriorated bridge substructures, and finally the use of FRP composites in the sustainable replacement of ageing bridge superstructures. Advanced Composites in Bridge Construction and Repair is a technical guide for engineering professionals requiring an understanding of the use of composite materials in bridge construction. Reviews key applications of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in bridge construction and repair Summarizes key recent research in the suitability of advanced composite materials for bridge structures as an alternative to conventional construction materials

Polymer Composites for Civil and Structural Engineering

Polymer Composites for Civil and Structural Engineering Book
Author : L. Hollaway
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401121362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New materials and methods within the construction industry offer substantial advantages in terms of cost, durability, ease of design, and ease of fabrication. This new book looks at the multitude of uses of polymer composites in construction and discusses fabrication methods, suitability of materials, design methods, construction methods, performance and practical applications.

Current and Future Trends in Bridge Design Construction and Maintenance

Current and Future Trends in Bridge Design  Construction and Maintenance Book
Author : Parag C. Das,Dan M. Frangopol,Andrzej S. Nowak,Institution of Civil Engineers (Great Britain)
Publisher : Thomas Telford
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780727728418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The major expansion of transport networks in the twentieth century has been accompanied by extensive bridge construction. At the end of the century, the field of bridge engineering continues to grow and develop. Recent years have seen the construction of revolutionary new bridges, advances in materials and construction techniques and the development of international codes and standards aimed at producing more durable and reliable structures.

Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering

Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering Book
Author : Kenneth Loh,Satish Nagarajaiah
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-02-03
ISBN : 1782423443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering focuses on nanotechnology, the innovation and control of materials at 100 nm or smaller length scales, and how they have revolutionized almost all of the various disciplines of science and engineering study. In particular, advances in synthesizing, imaging, and manipulating materials at the nano-scale have provided engineers with a broader array of materials and tools for creating high-performance devices. Nanomaterials possess drastically different properties than those of their bulk counterparts mainly because of their high surface-to-mass ratios and high surface energies/reactivity. For instance, carbon nanotubes have been shown to possess impressive mechanical strength, stiffness, and electrical conductivity superior to that of bulk carbon. Whilst nanotechnology has become deeply rooted in electrical, chemical, and materials engineering disciplines, its proliferation into civil engineering did not begin until fairly recently. This book covers that proliferation and the main challenges associated with the integration of nanomaterials and nano-scale design principles into civil and structural engineering. Examines nanotechnology and its application to not only structural engineering, but also transportation, new infrastructure materials, and the applications of nanotechnology to existing structural systems Focuses on how nanomaterials can provide enhanced sensing capabilities and mechanical reinforcement of the original structural material Analyzes experimental and computational work carried out by world-renowned researchers

Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering

Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering Book
Author : Thanasis Triantafillou
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-02-08
ISBN : 1782424695
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering provides a state-of-the-art review from leading experts on recent developments, the use of textile fiber composites in civil engineering, and a focus on both new and existing structures. Textile-based composites are new materials for civil engineers. Recent developments have demonstrated their potential in the prefabrication of concrete structures and as a tool for both strengthening and seismic retrofitting of existing concrete and masonry structures, including those of a historical value. The book reviews materials, production technologies, fundamental properties, testing, design aspects, applications, and directions for future research and developments. Following the opening introductory chapter, Part One covers materials, production technologies, and the manufacturing of textile fiber composites for structural and civil engineering. Part Two moves on to review testing, mechanical behavior, and durability aspects of textile fiber composites used in structural and civil engineering. Chapters here cover topics such as the durability of structural elements and bond aspects in textile fiber composites. Part Three analyzes the structural behavior and design of textile reinforced concrete. This section includes a number of case studies providing thorough coverage of the topic. The final section of the volume details the strengthening and seismic retrofitting of existing structures. Chapters investigate concrete and masonry structures, in addition to providing information and insights on future directions in the field. The book is a key volume for researchers, academics, practitioners, and students working in civil and structural engineering and those working with advanced construction materials. Details the range of materials and production technologies used in textile fiber composites Analyzes the durability of textile fiber composites, including case studies into the structural behavior of textile reinforced concrete Reviews the processes involved in strengthening existing concrete structures

Sustainability of Construction Materials

Sustainability of Construction Materials Book
Author : Jamal Khatib
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-12
ISBN : 0081003919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainability of Construction Materials, Second Edition, explores an increasingly important aspect of construction. In recent years, serious consideration has been given to environmental and societal issues in the manufacturing, use, disposal, and recycling of construction materials. This book provides comprehensive and detailed analysis of the sustainability issues associated with these materials, mainly in relation to the constituent materials, processing, recycling, and lifecycle environmental impacts. The contents of each chapter reflect the individual aspects of the material that affect sustainability, such as the preservation and repair of timber, the use of cement replacements in concrete, the prevention and control of metal corrosion and the crucial role of adhesives in wood products. Provides helpful guidance on lifecycle assessment, durability, recycling, and the engineering properties of construction materials Fully updated to take on new developments, with an additional nineteen chapters added to include natural stone, polymers and plastics, and plaster products Provides essential reading for individuals at all levels who are involved in the construction and selection, assessment and use, and maintenance of materials

Characteristics and Uses of Steel Slag in Building Construction

Characteristics and Uses of Steel Slag in Building Construction Book
Author : Ivanka Netinger Grubeša,Ivana Barisic,Aleksandra Fucic,Samitinjay Sadashivrao Bansode
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-05-20
ISBN : 0081003765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characteristics and Uses of Steel Slag in Building Construction focuses predominantly on the utilization of ferrous slag (blast furnace and steel slag) in building construction. This extensive literature review discusses the worldwide utilization of ferrous slag and applications in all sectors of civil engineering, including structural engineering, road construction, and hydro-technical structures. It presents cutting-edge research on the characteristics and properties of ferrous slag, and its overall impact on the environment. Comprehensively reviews the literature on the use of blast furnace and steel slag in civil engineering Examines the environmental impact of slag production and its effect on human health Presents cutting-edge research from worldwide studies on the use of blast furnace and steel slag

Recent Trends in Cold Formed Steel Construction

Recent Trends in Cold Formed Steel Construction Book
Author : Cheng Yu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-05-27
ISBN : 0081001576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent Trends in Cold-Formed Steel Construction discusses advancements in an area that has become an important construction material for buildings. The book addresses cutting-edge new technologies and design methods using cold-formed steel as a main structural material, and provides technical guidance on how to design and build sustainable and energy-efficient cold-formed steel buildings. Part One of the book introduces the codes, specifications, and design methods for cold-formed steel structures, while Part Two provides computational analysis of cold-formed steel structures. Part Three examines the structural performance of cold-formed steel buildings and reviews the thermal performance, acoustic performance, fire protection, floor vibrations, and blast resistance of these buildings, with a final section reviewing innovation and sustainability in cold-formed steel construction. Addresses building sciences issues and provides performance solutions for cold-formed buildings Provides guidance for using the next generation design method, computational tools, and technologies Edited by an experienced researcher and educator with significant knowledge on new developments in cold-formed steel construction

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction Book
Author : George C. Wang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-06-24
ISBN : 0081003978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction strives to integrate the theory, research, and practice of slag utilization, including the production and processing of slags. The topics covered include: production and smelting processes for metals; chemical and physical properties of slags; pretreatment and post-treatment technology to enhance slag properties; potential environmental impact; mechanisms of potential expansion; special testing methods and characteristics; slag processing for aggregate and cementitious applications; suitability of slags for use in specific applications; overall properties of materials containing slags; and commercialization and economics. The focus of the book is on slag utilization technology, with a review of the basic properties and an exploration of how its use in the end product will be technically sound, environment-friendly, and economic. Covers the production, processing, and utilization of a broad range of ferrous, non-ferrous, and non-metallurgical slags Provides information on applicable methods for a particular slag and its utilization to reduce potential environmental impacts and promote natural resource sustainability Presents the overall technology of transferring a slag from the waste stream into a useful materials resource Provides a detailed review of the appropriate utilization of each slag from processing right through to aggregate and cementitious use requirements

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco Efficient Construction Materials

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco Efficient Construction Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Niranjan Karak,Henk Jonkers
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-01-11
ISBN : 0081002092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since 1930 more than 100,000 new chemical compounds have been developed and insufficient information exists on the health assessment of 95 percent of these chemicals in which a relevant percentage are used in construction products. For instance Portland cement concrete, the most used material on the Planet (10.000 million tons/year that in the next 40 years will increase around 100 %) currently used in around 15% of total concrete production contains chemicals used to modify their properties, either in the fresh or hardened state. Biopolymers are materials that are developed from natural resources. They reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is a worldwide demand to replace petroleum-based materials with renewable resources. Currently bio-admixtures represent just a small fraction of the chemical admixtures market (around 20%) but with environmental awareness for constituents in construction materials generally growing (the Construction Products Regulation is being enforced in Europe since 2013), the trend towards bio-admixtures is expected to continue. This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on biopolymers and their influence and use as admixtures in the development of eco-efficient construction materials. Provides essential knowledge for researchers and producers working on the development of biopolymer-modified construction materials Discusses the various types of biopolymers currently available, their different production techniques, their use as bio-admixtures in concretes and mortars and applications in other areas of civil engineering such as soil stability, wood preservation, adhesives and coatings All contributions are made from leading researchers, who have intensive involvement in the design and use of biopolymers in construction materials

Rehabilitation of Pipelines Using Fiber reinforced Polymer FRP Composites

Rehabilitation of Pipelines Using Fiber reinforced Polymer  FRP  Composites Book
Author : Vistasp M. Karbhari
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-05-23
ISBN : 0857096923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rehabilitation of Pipelines Using Fibre-reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites presents information on this critical component of industrial and civil infrastructures, also exploring the particular challenges that exist in the monitor and repair of pipeline systems. This book reviews key issues and techniques in this important area, including general issues such as the range of techniques using FRP composites and how they compare with the use of steel sleeves. In addition, the book discusses particular techniques, such as sleeve repair, patching, and overwrap systems. Reviews key issues and techniques in the use of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites as a flexible and cost-effective means to repair aging, corroded, or damaged pipelines Examines general issues, including the range of techniques using FRP composites and how they compare with the use of steel sleeves Discusses particular techniques such as sleeve repair, patching, and overwrap systems

Dynamics of Civil Structures Volume 2

Dynamics of Civil Structures  Volume 2 Book
Author : Shamim Pakzad
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-11
ISBN : 3319744216
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dynamics of Civil Structures, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 36th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2018, the second volume of nine from the Conference brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of the Dynamics of Civil Structures, including papers on: Modal Parameter Identification Dynamic Testing of Civil Structures Control of Human Induced Vibrations of Civil Structures Model Updating Damage Identification in Civil Infrastructure Bridge Dynamics Experimental Techniques for Civil Structures Hybrid Simulation of Civil Structures Vibration Control of Civil Structures System Identification of Civil Structures

Dynamics of Civil Structures Volume 2

Dynamics of Civil Structures  Volume 2 Book
Author : Juan Caicedo,Shamim Pakzad
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-05
ISBN : 3319547771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dynamics of Civil Structures, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 35th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2017, the second volume of ten from the Conference brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of the Dynamics of Civil Structures, including papers on: Modal Parameter Identification Dynamic Testing of Civil Structures Control of Human Induced Vibrations of Civil Structures Model Updating Damage Identification in Civil Infrastructure Bridge Dynamics Experimental Techniques for Civil Structures Hybrid Simulation of Civil Structures Vibration Control of Civil Structures System Identification of Civil Structures

Marine Concrete Structures

Marine Concrete Structures Book
Author : Mark Alexander
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-13
ISBN : 0081000847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine Concrete Structures: Design, Durability and Performance comprehensively examines structures located in, under, or in close proximity to the sea. A major emphasis of the book is on the long-term performance of marine concrete structures that not only represent major infrastructure investment and provision, but are also required to operate with minimal maintenance. Chapters review the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures, and examine their performance and durability in the marine environment. A number of case studies of significant marine concrete structures from around the world are included which help to reinforce the principles outlined in earlier chapters and provide useful background to these types of structures. The result is a thorough and up-to-date reference source that engineers, researchers, and postgraduate students in this field will find invaluable. Covers, in detail, the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures Examines the properties and performance of concrete in the marine environment Provides case studies on significant marine concrete structures and durability-based design from around the world

Eco efficient Materials for Mitigating Building Cooling Needs

Eco efficient Materials for Mitigating Building Cooling Needs Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Joao Labrincha,Luisa Cabeza,Claes Goeran Granqvist
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-02-27
ISBN : 1782424016
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is one of the most important environmental problems faced by Planet Earth. The majority of CO2 emissions come from burning fossil fuels for energy production and improvements in energy efficiency shows the greatest potential for any single strategy to abate global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the energy sector. Energy related emissions account for almost 80% of the EU's total greenhouse gas emissions. The building sector is the largest energy user responsible for about 40% of the EU’s total final energy consumption. In Europe the number of installed air conditioning systems has increased 500% over the last 20 years, but in that same period energy cooling needs have increased more than 20 times. The increase in energy cooling needs relates to the current higher living and working standards. In urban environments with low outdoor air quality (the general case) this means that in summer-time one cannot count on natural ventilation to reduce cooling needs. Do not forget the synergistic effect between heat waves and air pollution which means that outdoor air quality is worse in the summer aggravating cooling needs. Over the next few years this phenomenon will become much worse because more people will live in cities, more than 2 billion by 2050 and global warming will aggravate cooling needs. An overview of materials to lessen the impact of urban heat islands Excellent coverage of building materials to reduce air condtioning needs Innovative products discussed such as Thermo and Electrochromic materials

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures Book
Author : Amir Poursaee
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-02-17
ISBN : 1782424024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion of reinforcing steel is now recognized as the major cause of degradation of concrete structures in many parts of the world. Despite this, infrastructure expenditure is being unreasonably decreased by sequestration and the incredible shrinking discretionary budget. All components of our infrastructure including highways, airports, water supply, waste treatment, energy supply, and power generation require significant investment and are subjected to degradation by corrosion, which significantly reduces the service life, reliability, functionality of structures and equipment, and safety. Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures provides a comprehensive review of the subject, in addition to recent advances in research and technological developments, from reinforcing materials to measurement techniques and modelling. This book contains not only all the important aspects in the field of corrosion of steel reinforced concrete but also discusses new topics and future trends. Part One of the book tackles theoretical concepts of corrosion of steel in concrete structures. The second part moves on to analyse the variety of reinforcing materials and concrete, including stainless steel and galvanized steel. Part Three covers measurements and evaluations, such as electrochemical techniques and acoustic emission. Part Four reviews protection and maintenance methods, whilst the final section analyses modelling, latest developments and future trends in the field. The book is essential reading for researchers, practitioners and engineers who are involved in materials characterisation and corrosion of steel in concrete structures. Provides comprehensive coverage on a broad range of topics related to the corrosion of steel bars in concrete Discusses the latest measuring methods and advanced modeling techniques Reviews the range of reinforcing materials and types of concrete

Science and Technology of Concrete Admixtures

Science and Technology of Concrete Admixtures Book
Author : Pierre-Claude Aïtcin,Robert J Flatt
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-11-12
ISBN : 0081006969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Science and Technology of Concrete Admixtures presents admixtures from both a theoretical and practical point-of-view. The authors emphasize key concepts that can be used to better understand the working mechanisms of these products by presenting a concise overview on the fundamental behavior of Portland cement and hydraulic binders as well as their chemical admixtures, also discussing recent effects in concrete in terms of rheology, mechanics, durability, and sustainability, but never forgetting the fundamental role played by the water/binder ratio and proper curing in concrete technology. Part One presents basic knowledge on Portland cement and concrete, while Part Two deals with the chemical and physical background needed to better understand what admixtures are chemically, and through which mechanism they modify the properties of the fresh and hardened concrete. Subsequent sections present discussions on admixtures technology and two particular types of concrete, self-consolidating and ultra-high strength concretes, with final remarks on their future. Combines the knowledge of two leading authors to present both the scientific and technology of admixtures Explains what admixtures are from a chemical point-of-view and illustrates by which mechanisms they modify the properties of fresh and hardened concrete Presents a fundamental, practical, and innovative reference book on the topic Contains three detailed appendices that can be used to learn how to use admixtures more efficiently

NASA Procurement in the Earth space Economy

NASA Procurement in the Earth space Economy Book
Author : United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download NASA Procurement in the Earth space Economy book written by United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Asphalt Materials

Advances in Asphalt Materials Book
Author : Shin-Che Huang,Hervé Di Benedetto
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-04-08
ISBN : 0081002718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The urgent need for infrastructure rehabilitation and maintenance has led to a rise in the levels of research into bituminous materials. Breakthroughs in sustainable and environmentally friendly bituminous materials are certain to have a significant impact on national economies and energy sustainability. This book will provide a comprehensive review on recent advances in research and technological developments in bituminous materials. Opening with an introductory chapter on asphalt materials and a section on the perspective of bituminous binder specifications, Part One covers the physiochemical characterisation and analysis of asphalt materials. Part Two reviews the range of distress (damage) mechanisms in asphalt materials, with chapters covering cracking, deformation, fatigue cracking and healing of asphalt mixtures, as well as moisture damage and the multiscale oxidative aging modelling approach for asphalt concrete. The final section of this book investigates alternative asphalt materials. Chapters within this section review such aspects as alternative binders for asphalt pavements such as bio binders and RAP, paving with asphalt emulsions and aggregate grading optimization. Provides an insight into advances and techniques for bituminous materials Comprehensively reviews the physicochemical characteristics of bituminous materials Investigate asphalt materials on the nano-scale, including how RAP/RAS materials can be recycled and how asphalt materials can self-heal and rejuvenator selection

Eco efficient Masonry Bricks and Blocks

Eco efficient Masonry Bricks and Blocks Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Paulo B. Lourenco,Joao Labrincha,P Chindaprasirt,S Kumar
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-11-27
ISBN : 1782423184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Masonry walls constitute the interface between the building’s interior and the outdoor environment. Masonry walls are traditionally composed of fired-clay bricks (solid or perforated) or blocks (concrete or earth-based), but in the past (and even in the present) they were often associated as needing an extra special thermal and acoustical insulation layer. However, over more recent years investigations on thermal and acoustical features has led to the development of new improved bricks and blocks that no longer need these insulation layers. Traditional masonry units (fired-clay bricks, concrete or earth-based blocks) that don’t offer improved performance in terms of thermal and acoustical insulation are a symbol of a low-technology past, that are far removed from the demands of sustainable construction. This book provides an up-to-date state-of-the-art review on the eco-efficiency of masonry units, particular emphasis is placed on the design, properties, performance, durability and LCA of these materials. Since masonry units are also an excellent way to reuse bulk industrial waste the book will be important in the context of the Revised Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC which states that the minimum reuse and recycling targets for construction and demolition waste (CDW) should be at least 70% by 2020. On the 9th of March 2011 the European Union approved the Regulation (EU) 305/2011, known as the Construction Products Regulation (CPR) and it will be enforced after the 1st of July 2013. The future commercialization of construction materials in Europe makes their environmental assessment mandatory meaning that more information related to the environmental performance of building materials is much needed. Provides an authoritative guide to the eco-efficiency of masonry units Examines the reuse of waste materials Covers a range of materials including, clay, cement, earth and pumice