Skip to main content

Adult Neurogenesis In The Hippocampus

In Order to Read Online or Download Adult Neurogenesis In The Hippocampus Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Adult Neurogenesis and Mitochondria Play a Role in Hippocampal Plasticity in Mouse Models of Neurodegenerative Diseases

Adult Neurogenesis and Mitochondria Play a Role in Hippocampal Plasticity in Mouse Models of Neurodegenerative Diseases Book
Author : Trinovita Andraini Halim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Adult neurogenesis is crucial for some hippocampus-dependent memory functions. Both the demonstration of an alteration of neurogenesis in the brain of transgenic mouse models of Alzheimer's disease (AD), in parallel with a reduction in the mitochondrial content of their new neurons, open a new research avenue targeting the mitochondria. Today, the hypothesis of a causal role of mitochondrial dysfunctions in the etiology of neurodegenerative pathologies is particularly relevant in AD. Mitochondria, "power plants" and regulators of oxidative metabolism, form a dynamic network that adapts to different cell types and contexts, via antagonistic events of fusion and fission of their membranes. Key proteins have been identified, including OPA1 that allows fusion. Dysfunctions of this dynamics affect not only the shape and distribution of mitochondria in neurons, but also alter their main activities: respiration, calcium regulation, ROS production and apoptosis. In neurons, excitable cells with complex architecture, mitochondrial dysfunctions have particularly crucial consequences for synaptic transmission. In this thesis, we studied in parallel an AD mouse model, the Tg2576 mice (APP mutation) and the OPA1 +/- mice, carrying a mutation of OPA1, a Dominant Optic Atrophy model. In both mouse lines, we observed precocious performance alterations in behavioral tests involving the dentate gyrus and new neurons (object location, pattern separation tests). We demonstrated in Tg2576 and OPA1 +/- mice that these cognitive deficits are associated with disturbances of adult hippocampal neurogenesis. [...].

Adult Neurogenesis in the Hippocampus

Adult Neurogenesis in the Hippocampus Book
Author : Juan J. Canales
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-05-23
ISBN : 0128019921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Neurogenesis in the adult brain has emerged as one of the most dynamic and rapidly moving fields in modern neuroscience research. The implications of adult neurogenesis for health and well-being are wide-ranging, with findings in this area having distinct relevance for treatment and rehabilitation in neurology and psychopathology. Adult Neurogenesis in the Hippocampus addresses these implications by providing an up-to-date account on how neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus contributes to critical psychological and physiological processes, such as learning and memory, and how it is modified by life experiences, such as aging, environmental enrichment, exercise, and dieting. The book also provides the most current reviews of how adult hippocampal neurogenesis influences the pathogenesis of mood disorders, addiction, and key neurological disorders. This book is the ideal resource for researchers and advanced graduates seeking focused knowledge on the role of adult neurogenesis in brain health and disease. Provides a unique overview of how adult hippocampal neurogenesis contributes to adaptive processes, brain psychopathology, and disease Includes state-of-the-art reviews by leading world experts in adult neurogenesis

Estrogens and Memory

Estrogens and Memory Book
Author : Karyn M. Frick
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0190645903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

"A book about the influence of estrogens on memory would have been unthinkable as recently as 30 years ago. Although a few small studies in the late 1970's reported a beneficial effect of estrogens on memory in human women (Hackman and Galbraith, 1976; Fedor-Freybergh, 1977), examination of the role of estrogens in memory did not truly capture more widespread attention until the pioneering work of Barbara Sherwin and colleagues in 1988 and beyond. In her initial paper, Sherwin showed that bilateral removal of the ovaries (aka surgical menopause) led to impaired short-term and long-term memory, whereas treatment of surgically menopausal women with estradiol alone, testosterone alone, or estradiol plus testosterone prevented this decline (Sherwin, 1988). As a search for the terms "estrogen" and "memory" in PubMed illustrates, well over 2000 papers have been published on the subject of estrogens and memory in the ensuing decades. The vast majority of these studies have focused on the hippocampus, a bilateral medial temporal lobe structure essential for the formation of episodic memories, particularly those with spatial, contextual, relational, temporal, and recognition components (Olton et al., 1979; Morris et al., 1982; Kim and Fanselow, 1992; Squire, 1992; Cohen and Stackman, 2015; Tonegawa et al., 2015; Eichenbaum, 2017). Although various forms of learning and memory are mediated by numerous brain regions, including the prefrontal cortex, medial temporal lobe cortices, amygdala, striatum, and cerebellum, the hippocampus has received the lion's share of attention due to its central importance for episodic memory formation. Hippocampal damage produces profound retrograde amnesia for facts and events, as well as anterograde amnesia for new information and impairments in spatial navigation (Winocur, 1990; Anagnostaras et al., 2001; Clark et al., 2002; Gilboa et al., 2006). Hippocampal dysfunction in middle-aged and aged subjects is a primary contributor to age-related memory decline (Golumb et al., 1996; Grady et al., 2003; Apostolova et al., 2010; Burke and Barnes, 2010; Small et al., 2011; Yassa et al., 2011), and has also been implicated in the cognitive impairments observed in diseases such as schizophrenia and depression (Small et al., 2011; Nakahara et al., 2018; Santos et al., 2018; Ott et al., 2019). Moreover, the hippocampi of patients with Alzheimer's disease are substantially atrophied and burdened with copious amounts of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, the hallmark pathologies of this insidious disease (Hyman et al., 1984; Walsh and Selkoe, 2004; Selkoe and Hardy, 2016). As such, understanding how estrogens influence hippocampal functioning may provide important insights not only about the fundamental neurobiology of memory processes, but also into the etiology of neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases"--

The Effects of Chronic Stress on Hippocampal Adult Neurogenesis and Dendritic Plasticity are Reversed by Selective MAO A Inhibition

The Effects of Chronic Stress on Hippocampal Adult Neurogenesis and Dendritic Plasticity are Reversed by Selective MAO A Inhibition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

There is accumulating evidence that adult neurogenesis and dendritic plasticity in the hippocampus are neuroplastic phenomena, highly sensitive to the effects of chronic stress and treatment with most classes of antidepressant drugs, being involved in the onset and recovery from depression. However, the effects of antidepressants that act through the selective inhibition of monoamine oxidase subtype A (MAO-A) in these phenomena are still largely unknown. In the present study, adult neurogenesis and neuronal morphology were examined in the hippocampus of rats exposed to chronic mild stress (CMS) and treated with the selective reversible MAO-A inhibitor (RIMA) drug, pirlindole and the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), fluoxetine. The results provide the first demonstration that selective MAO-A inhibition with pirlindole is able to revert the behavioural effects of stress exposure while promoting hippocampal adult neurogenesis and rescuing the stress-induced dendritic atrophy of granule neurons.

Adult Neurogenesis

Adult Neurogenesis Book
Author : Gerd Kempermann
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780195179712
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The discovery of adult neurogenesis and of stem cells in the brain has changed our view of the mature brain. Though we now know that the adult brain can make new neurons, it normally does so only in two privileged regions, the olfactory bulb and the hippocampus. Yet stem cells, which have the potential to produce new neurons, can be found throughout the adult brain. So why does the brain not make wider use of its potential for neurogenesis? And what is the function of new neurons and of neural stem cells in areas where they occur? After all, the brain regenerates poorly and many neurological and psychiatric disorders are chronic because cell replacement has not taken place. This is the first comprehensive, integrated account of one of the most exciting areas of neuroscience. It begins with the historical background and discusses theories of adult neurogenesis and neural stem cell biology in the context of learning and memory processes as well as structural plasticity. It describes in detail neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus and olfactory system and then surveys the regulatory, functional, and comparative aspects, concluding with a chapter on the provocative hypotheses that link failing adult neurogenesis with such diseases as temporal lobe epilepsy, major depression, brain tumors, and dementias. For graduate students, investigators, and clinicians in the neurosciences, developmental biology, and stem cell research, this book is a unique resource that sifts through the evidence for exciting scientific ideas and fosters a realistic view of the therapeutic possibilities for the use of stem cells in the adult brain.

Molecular Mechanisms of the Stress Response and Adult Neurogenesis

Molecular Mechanisms of the Stress Response and Adult Neurogenesis Book
Author : Sundari Chetty
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Molecular Mechanisms of the Stress Response and Adult Neurogenesis book written by Sundari Chetty, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus

The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus Book
Author : Thorsten Bartsch
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-07-26
ISBN : 0199592381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The hippocampus plays a key role in various clinical conditions such as acute amnesic syndromes, Alzheimer's disease, temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), sleep disorders, stroke medicine encephalitis, depression, and schizophrenia. This book provides a comprehensive account of the role the hippocampus plays in disease.

Handbook of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Handbook of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Book
Author : Professor of Pediatrics and Neuroscience Charles A Nelson
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780262140737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Winner of the 2001 Professional/Scholarly Publishing Annual Awards Competition presented by the Association of American Publishers, Inc. in the category of Single Volume Reference: Science. The publication of this handbook testifies to the rapid growth of developmental cognitive neuroscience as a distinct field. Brain imaging and recording technologies, along with well-defined behavioral tasks—the essential methodological tools of cognitive neuroscience—are now being used to study development. Whereas earlier methodologies allowed scientists to study only adult brains, recent technological advances have yielded methods that can be safely used to study structure-function relations and their development in children's brains. These new techniques combined with more refined cognitive models account for the progress and heightened activity in developmental cognitive neuroscience research. The handbook contains forty-one original contributions exploring basic aspects of neural development, sensory and sensorimotor systems, language, cognition, and emotion. Aided by recent results in neurobiology establishing that the human brain remains malleable and plastic throughout much of the lifespan, the contributors also explore the implications of lifelong neural plasticity for brain and behavioral development. This book is also available online as part of MIT CogNet, The Cognitive and Brain Sciences Community online.

Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore

Annals of the Academy of Medicine  Singapore Book
Author : Academy of Medicine (Singapore)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore book written by Academy of Medicine (Singapore), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Cell Cycle in the Central Nervous System

The Cell Cycle in the Central Nervous System Book
Author : Damir Janigro
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-01-23
ISBN : 9781597450218
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Cell Cycle in the Central Nervous System overviews the changes in cell cycle as they relate to prenatal and post natal brain development, progression to neurological disease or tumor formation.Topics covered range from the cell cycle during the prenatal development of the mammalian central nervous system to future directions in postnatal neurogenesis through gene transfer, electrical stimulation, and stem cell introduction. Additional chapters examine the postnatal development of neurons and glia, the regulation of cell cycle in glia, and how that regulation may fail in pretumor conditions or following a nonneoplastic CNS response to injury. Highlights include treatments of the effects of deep brain stimulation on brain development and repair; the connection between the electrophysiological properties of neuroglia, cell cycle, and tumor progression; and the varied immunological responses and their regulation by cell cycle.

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience H O

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience  H O Book
Author : George F. Koob,Michel Le Moal,Richard F. Thompson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9780080447346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience H O book written by George F. Koob,Michel Le Moal,Richard F. Thompson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Book
Author : National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America book written by National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Journal of Neuroscience

The Journal of Neuroscience Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download The Journal of Neuroscience book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Retinoid Regulation of Multiple Functions in the Adult Hippocampus

Retinoid Regulation of Multiple Functions in the Adult Hippocampus Book
Author : Sharon Jacobs
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Retinoid Regulation of Multiple Functions in the Adult Hippocampus book written by Sharon Jacobs, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-04-16
ISBN : 0080914551
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

The New Yorker

The New Yorker Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download The New Yorker book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Adult Neurogenesis and Neural Stem Cells in Mammals

Adult Neurogenesis and Neural Stem Cells in Mammals Book
Author : Philippe Taupin
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781594548567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This title contains a book and CD. The brain has a number of nerve cells estimated at a magnitude of 10 to 100 billion, and 1014 to 1015 synapses, and therefore is the most complex organ of the human body. During fetal development the foundations of the brain are laid as billions of neurons form appropriate connections and patterns. In the adult mammalian brain, most neurons are post-mitotic, and therefore at risk for irreversible damage. As we age, atrophy of the brain occurs. As brain weight declines the volume of the brain in the 8th decade is reduced by 6 per cent -10 per cent versus the third decade, and neuronal loss occurs, up to 10,000 to 100,000 neurons are lost per day, though this estimation is being revised downward with the advance of more sophisticated measurements.

Neurologic Complications of Cancer Therapy

Neurologic Complications of Cancer Therapy Book
Author : Eudocia Quant Lee, MD, MPH,David Schiff, MD,Patrick Y. Wen, MD
Publisher : Demos Medical Publishing
Release : 2011-09-28
ISBN : 1617050199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Neurologic side effects of cancer therapy can inhibit treatment, can be dose-limiting and can diminish quality-of-life. Neurotoxicity related to cancer therapy is a common problem in oncology practice and in clinical neurology. Recognition of neurologic complications of anticancer therapy is necessary due to potential confusion with metastatic disease, paraneoplastic syndromes or comorbid neurologic disorders that do not require reduction or discontinuation of therapy. Neurologic Complications of Cancer Therapy provides comprehensive coverage of the recognition and management of neurologic symptoms related to cancer therapy. The book includes sections on systemic therapy discussed by both agent and adverse event. The section on adverse events is particularly valuable to clinicians, allowing them to consult by symptom in cases where multiple agents have been administered and the source of the complication is uncertain. The systemic therapy section includes coverage of immunologic agents, biologics, and targeted therapies. The book also features sections on the complications of radiation therapy, complications of surgery and high-dose chemotherapy, and stem cell transplantation. Neurologic Complications of Cancer Therapy Features: A widely recognized team of editors Systemic therapy covered by therapeutic agent and by adverse event, enabling a "problem-oriented" approach for the clinician Coverage of newer modalities including immunologic agents, biologics, and targeted therapies Complete sections on complications of radiation therapy, surgery, high-dose chemotherapy, and stem-call transplantion

Philosophical Transactions

Philosophical Transactions Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Each issue of Transactions B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences, including clinical science. All papers are peer reviewed and edited to the highest standards. Published on the 29th of each month, Transactions B is essential reading for all biologists.

The Hippocampus Book

The Hippocampus Book Book
Author : Per Andersen,Richard Morris,David Amaral,John O'Keefe,Tim Bliss,Division of Neurophysiology Tim Bliss
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780195100273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The hippocampus is one of a group of remarkable structures embedded within the brains medial temporal lobe. Long known to be important for memory, it has been a prime focus of neuroscience research for many years. This volume offers an account of what the hippocampus does, and what happens when things go wrong.--[Source inconnue].