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Adult Neurogenesis In The Hippocampus

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Adult Neurogenesis in the Hippocampus

Adult Neurogenesis in the Hippocampus Book
Author : Juan J. Canales
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-01
ISBN : 9780128019771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurogenesis in the adult brain has emerged as one of the most dynamic and rapidly moving fields in modern neuroscience research. The implications of adult neurogenesis for health and well-being are wide-ranging, with findings in this area having distinct relevance for treatment and rehabilitation in neurology and psychopathology. Adult Neurogenesis in the Hippocampus addresses these implications by providing an up-to-date account on how neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus contributes to critical psychological and physiological processes, such as learning and memory, and how it is modified by life experiences, such as aging, environmental enrichment, exercise, and dieting. The book also provides the most current reviews of how adult hippocampal neurogenesis influences the pathogenesis of mood disorders, addiction, and key neurological disorders. This book is the ideal resource for researchers and advanced graduates seeking focused knowledge on the role of adult neurogenesis in brain health and disease. Provides a unique overview of how adult hippocampal neurogenesis contributes to adaptive processes, brain psychopathology, and disease Includes state-of-the-art reviews by leading world experts in adult neurogenesis Companion website featuring supplemental learning materials

50th Anniversary of Adult Neurogenesis Olfaction Hippocampus and beyond

50th Anniversary of Adult Neurogenesis  Olfaction  Hippocampus and beyond Book
Author : Alino Martinez-Marcos,José L.Trejo,Laura López-Mascaraque
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-09-21
ISBN : 2889199630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the mid-sixties, the discovery by Altman and co-workers of neurogenesis in the adult brain changed the previous conception of the immutability of this organ during adulthood sustained among others by Cajal. This discovery was ignored up to eighty’s when Nottebohm demonstrated neurogenesis in birds. Subsequently, two main neurogenic zones were characterized: the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricle and the subgranular layer of the dentate gyrus. Half century later, the exact role of new neurons in the adult brain is not completely understand. This book is composed by a number of articles by leaders in the filed covering from an historic perspective to potential therapeutic opportunities.

Adult Neurogenesis

Adult Neurogenesis Book
Author : Gerd Kempermann
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780195179712
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The discovery of adult neurogenesis and of stem cells in the brain has changed our view of the mature brain. Though we now know that the adult brain can make new neurons, it normally does so only in two privileged regions, the olfactory bulb and the hippocampus. Yet stem cells, which have the potential to produce new neurons, can be found throughout the adult brain. So why does the brain not make wider use of its potential for neurogenesis? And what is the function of new neurons and of neural stem cells in areas where they occur? After all, the brain regenerates poorly and many neurological and psychiatric disorders are chronic because cell replacement has not taken place. This is the first comprehensive, integrated account of one of the most exciting areas of neuroscience. It begins with the historical background and discusses theories of adult neurogenesis and neural stem cell biology in the context of learning and memory processes as well as structural plasticity. It describes in detail neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus and olfactory system and then surveys the regulatory, functional, and comparative aspects, concluding with a chapter on the provocative hypotheses that link failing adult neurogenesis with such diseases as temporal lobe epilepsy, major depression, brain tumors, and dementias. For graduate students, investigators, and clinicians in the neurosciences, developmental biology, and stem cell research, this book is a unique resource that sifts through the evidence for exciting scientific ideas and fosters a realistic view of the therapeutic possibilities for the use of stem cells in the adult brain.

Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain I

Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain I Book
Author : Tatsunori Seki,Kazunobu Sawamoto,Jack M. Parent,Arturo Alvarez-Buylla
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-15
ISBN : 4431539336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The discovery of adult neurogenesis caused a paradigm shift in the neurosciences. For more than 100 years, it was believed that adult neurons do not regenerate. Joseph Altman and Fernando Nottebohm found proof to the contrary and changed the course of history. Their research, included here, provides the foundations of the field. Today, adult neurogenesis is a rapidly expanding discipline applicable to the study of brain development and diseases, learning and memory, aging, and neuropsychiatric disorders. With multiple authors, the 27 chapters of this book contain the latest work in two volumes. The first presents the basic biology of adult neurogenesis in non-mammalian vertebrates and in the mammalian hippocampus and olfactory bulb, and the second discusses clinical implications and delves into adult neurogenesis and brain injury as well as neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric pathologies. With details of the anatomy, physiology, and molecular biology of the two neurogenic brain regions, this book provides indispensable knowledge for many areas of neuroscience and for experimental and clinical applications of adult neurogenesis to brain therapy.

Emerging Roles for Hippocampal Adult Neural Stem Cells in Memory

Emerging Roles for Hippocampal Adult Neural Stem Cells in Memory Book
Author : Aaron R. Friedman,Daniela Kaufer
Publisher : Biota Publishing
Release : 2013-12-01
ISBN : 1615044779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Approximately 50 years ago, newly generated neurons were discovered in the adult hippocampus of the rat brain. This discovery contradicted a key principle in mammalian developmental neurobiology—that all the neurons of the brain are made during early development—and led to intensive study to find out how new neurons are generated and how the process of neurogenesis is regulated. Since then, a unique population of adult neural stem cells has been identified, and many of the molecular pathways that control their self-renewal, proliferation, and cell fate have been elucidated. However, the presence of new neurons in the adult brain also poses intriguing functional questions that have, as yet, gone largely unanswered. Why is adult neurogenesis restricted to select brain regions? What functional benefit do these new cells confer? Indeed, the field of adult neurogenesis offers a unique opportunity to study naïve neurons as they mature, form connections with existing neural networks, and begin to participate in information processing. We review the basics of adult NSC biology and the maturation of newborn neurons. In particular, we focus on new neurons in the hippocampus, and how they contribute to function in this key memory-forming structure of the brain.

Absent Or Low Rate of Adult Neurogenesis in the Hippocampus of Bats Chiroptera

Absent Or Low Rate of Adult Neurogenesis in the Hippocampus of Bats  Chiroptera  Book
Author : Irmgard Amrein,Dina K. N. Dechmann,York Winter,Hans-Peter Lipp
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Absent Or Low Rate of Adult Neurogenesis in the Hippocampus of Bats Chiroptera book written by Irmgard Amrein,Dina K. N. Dechmann,York Winter,Hans-Peter Lipp, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain II

Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain II Book
Author : Tatsunori Seki,Kazunobu Sawamoto,Jack M. Parent,Arturo Alvarez-Buylla
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-15
ISBN : 443153945X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The discovery of adult neurogenesis caused a paradigm shift in the neurosciences. For more than 100 years, it was believed that adult neurons do not regenerate. Joseph Altman and Fernando Nottebohm found proof to the contrary and changed the course of history. Their research, included here, provides the foundations of the field. Today, adult neurogenesis is a rapidly expanding discipline applicable to the study of brain development and diseases, learning and memory, aging, and neuropsychiatric disorders. With multiple authors, the 27 chapters of this book contain the latest work in two volumes. The first presents the basic biology of adult neurogenesis in non-mammalian vertebrates and in the mammalian hippocampus and olfactory bulb, and the second discusses clinical implications and delves into adult neurogenesis and brain injury as well as neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric pathologies. With details of the anatomy, physiology, and molecular biology of the two neurogenic brain regions, this book provides indispensable knowledge for many areas of neuroscience and for experimental and clinical applications of adult neurogenesis to brain therapy.

Regulation and Function of Adult Neurogenesis From Genes to Cognition

Regulation and Function of Adult Neurogenesis  From Genes to Cognition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adult neurogenesis in the hippocampus is a notable process due not only to its uniqueness and potential impact on cognition but also to its localized vertical integration of different scales of neuroscience, ranging from molecular and cellular biology to behavior. Our review summarizes the recent research regarding the process of adult neurogenesis from these different perspectives, with particular emphasis on the differentiation and development of new neurons, the regulation of the process by extrinsic and intrinsic factors, and their ultimate function in the hippocampus circuit. Arising from a local neural stem cell population, new neurons progress through several stages of maturation, ultimately integrating into the adult dentate gyrus network. Furthermore, the increased appreciation of the full neurogenesis process, from genes and cells to behavior and cognition, makes neurogenesis both a unique case study for how scales in neuroscience can link together and suggests neurogenesis as a potential target for therapeutic intervention for a number of disorders.

The Hippocampus

The Hippocampus Book
Author : Ales Stuchlik
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-07-11
ISBN : 1789233569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The hippocampus is an important brain region, a true central hub for memory of various kinds and other processes. Neuropsychiatric disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, drug addiction, and schizophrenia are characterized by hippocampal alterations. The dentate gyrus of the hippocampus is a site exhibiting adult neurogenesis. This book covers the topic of the hippocampus from various perspectives. It discusses adult neurogenesis, effect of enriched environments on hippocampal plasticity, and long-term potentiation-associated gene expression. The book also addresses multiscale representations of complex environments and strategies in the hippocampus-dependent spatial tasks. Finally, insight into the hippocampus as a link between negative affect and relapse to psychostimulants is provided. The book collects evidence of various hippocampal functions in healthy and disordered brain.

Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Philippe Taupin
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781604564723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The subject of this book is stem cell research and regenerative medicine. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that have the ability to differentiate into different lineages of the body. Stem cells carry tremendous potential for the treatment of a broad range of disease and injuries. Stem cells exist in embryonic, fetal, and adult tissues, including the adult central nervous system. This book aims at, in depth, the recent developments in stem cell research and regenerative medicine. Though this book encompasses all the fields of stem cell research and regenerative medicine, it emphasises adult neurogenesis and neural stem cell research and therapy.

The Functional and Comparative Characterisation of Adult Neurogenesis and Plasticity in the Hippocampus

The Functional and Comparative Characterisation of Adult Neurogenesis and Plasticity in the Hippocampus Book
Author : Roelof Maarten van Dijk
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Functional and Comparative Characterisation of Adult Neurogenesis and Plasticity in the Hippocampus book written by Roelof Maarten van Dijk, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Impact of Hippocampal Neuronal Loss on Adult Neurogenesis

The Impact of Hippocampal Neuronal Loss on Adult Neurogenesis Book
Author : Kristoffer Myczek
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9781267815965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuronal loss is a common component of a variety of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's disease. Neuronal loss can also result from trauma to the brain, such as stroke, epilepsy, or traumatic brain injury. Particularly devastating is damage to the hippocampus, an area of the brain critical for the formation and retrieval of memories. Long-lasting and sometimes unrecoverable deficits caused by neuronal loss present a unique challenge for clinicians and for those who attempt to model these traumas in animals. Can these deficits be recovered, and if so, is the brain capable of regeneration following neuronal loss? Although neuronal proliferation is generally halted by the end of development, new neurons can still be produced in the adult brain. Interestingly, and of vital relevance to the study of the possible recovery of memory deficits, new neurons continue to be produced in the hippocampus throughout adulthood. These neurons proliferate from persistent pools of neural stem cells (NSCs), and knockout and neurogenic inhibition studies have demonstrated a significant role for these adult-born cells in a variety of behavioral tasks. Furthermore, this proliferation is enhanced following stroke, traumatic brain injury, and epilepsy. However, it remains unclear if a global and harsh injury to the brain is necessary to achieve neurogenic upregulation, or if selective hippocampal neuronal loss is sufficient to cause this phenomenon. In our studies, we utilize the CaM/Tet-DTA model of selective neuronal ablation. We find that, through induction of transgene driven toxin expression, we are able to inflict a consistent and significant lesion to the hippocampus. In the pages that follow, we investigate the behavioral effects of this hippocampal neuronal loss and the possible recovery of lesion-induced deficits. We also offer the first evidence of neurogenic-upregulation in this model, and provide a comprehensive analysis of the proliferation, survival, and migration of new-born neurons in the post-lesion environment. We also discover a unique phenomenon in which lesion induction can reverse irradiaton inhibition of neurogenesis. Finally, we provide novel evidence of angiogenic and vasculature changes following hippocampal neuronal loss in CaM/Tet-DTA mice. We posit that angiogenesis may be an important factor that contributes to neurogenic upregulation following hippocampal neuronal loss.

The Hippocampus

The Hippocampus Book
Author : Philippe Taupin
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9781600219146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The hippocampus , the Greek word for seahorse, is one of the most fascinating and intriguing regions of the mammalian brain. It is a bilateral incurved seahorse-shaped structure of the cerebral cortex. The hippocampus has a highly distinctive morphology. It is composed of two regions, the dentate gyrus (DG) and the Cornu Ammonis (CA). The nerve cells of the main layer of the DG and CA regions, the granule cells and pyramidal cells respectively, are organised in a tri-synaptic lamellaire circuit. The granule and pyramidal cells are glutamatergic excitatory. The granule cells elicit unique histological, biochemical, developmental, physio- and pathological features. The hippocampus is also an area of the brain that elicits a high degree of plasticity, like synaptic and phenotypic plasticity. It is also one of the few regions of the brain where neurogenesis, the generation of new nerve cells, occurs throughout adulthood. The hippocampus is involved in physio-and pathological processes, like learning and memory.

Cellular Imaging and Emerging Technologies for Adult Neurogenesis Research

Cellular Imaging and Emerging Technologies for Adult Neurogenesis Research Book
Author : Silvia De Marchis,Adam C. Puche
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2012-05-01
ISBN : 2889190293
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cellular Imaging and Emerging Technologies for Adult Neurogenesis Research book written by Silvia De Marchis,Adam C. Puche, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stem Cells in the Nervous System Functional and Clinical Implications

Stem Cells in the Nervous System  Functional and Clinical Implications Book
Author : Fred H. Gage,Anders Björklund,Alain Prochiantz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642188834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After 40 years of research, scientists have confirmed that persistent neurogenesis occurs in the adult mammalian brain. The obvious next question is: "Are the newly generated neurons functional?" If so, "What are the functions of these new neurons?" This volume intends to clarify both questions by providing the latest data available.

Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience Cellular Migration and Formation of Neuronal Connections

Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience  Cellular Migration and Formation of Neuronal Connections Book
Author : C. Zhao,N. Toni,F.H. Gage
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-06
ISBN : 0128062916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience Cellular Migration and Formation of Neuronal Connections book written by C. Zhao,N. Toni,F.H. Gage, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.