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Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces

Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces Book
Author : Richard I. Masel
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1996-03-22
ISBN : 9780471303923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces As with other books in the field, Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces describes what occurs when gases come in contact with various solid surfaces. But, unlike all the others, it also explains why. While the theory of surface reactions is still under active development, the approach Dr. Richard Masel takes in this book is to outline general principles derived from thermodynamics and reaction rate theory that can be applied to reactions on surfaces, and to indicate ways in which these principles may be applied. The book also provides a comprehensive treatment of the latest quantitative surface modeling techniques with numerous examples of their use in the fields of chemical engineering, physical chemistry, and materials science. A valuable working resource and an excellent graduate-level text, Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces provides readers with: * A detailed look at the latest advances in understanding and quantifying reactions on surfaces * In-depth reviews of all crucial background material * 40 solved examples illustrating how the methods apply to catalysis, physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, electrochemistry, and more * 340 problems and practice exercises * Sample computer programs * Universal plots of many key quantities * Detailed, class-tested derivations to help clarify key results The recent development of quantitative techniques for modeling surface reactions has led to a number of exciting breakthroughs in our understanding of what happens when gases come in contact with solid surfaces. While many books have appeared describing various experimental modeling techniques and the results obtained through their application, until now, there has been no single-volume reference devoted to the fundamental principles governing the processes observed. The first book to focus on governing principles rather than experimental techniques or specific results, Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces provides students and professionals with a quantitative treatment of the application of principles derived from the fields of thermodynamics and reaction rate theory to the investigation of gas adsorption and reaction on solid surfaces. Writing for a broad-based audience including, among others, chemical engineers, chemists, and materials scientists, Dr. Richard I. Masel deftly balances basic background in areas such as statistical mechanics and kinetics with more advanced applications in specialized areas. Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces was also designed to provide readers an opportunity to quickly familiarize themselves with all of the important quantitative surface modeling techniques now in use. To that end, the author has included all of the key equations involved as well as numerous real-world illustrations and solved examples that help to illustrate how the equations can be applied. He has also provided computer programs along with universal plots that make it easy for readers to apply results to their own problems with little computational effort. Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces is a valuable working resource for chemical engineers, physical chemists, and materials scientists, and an excellent text for graduate students in those disciplines.

Adsorption on Silica Surfaces

Adsorption on Silica Surfaces Book
Author : Eugene Papirer
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-04-05
ISBN : 9780824700034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Progresses from theoretical issues to applications. Contains a historical overview, in-depth considerations of various scenarios of silica adsorption, and results from the latest research. Invaluable for broad coverage of the expanding field of silica research."

Adsorption by Carbons

Adsorption by Carbons Book
Author : Eduardo J. Bottani,Juan M.D. Tascón
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-10-10
ISBN : 9780080559421
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adsorption by Carbons covers the most significant aspects of adsorption by carbons, attempting to fill the existing gap between the fields of adsorption and carbonaceous materials. Both basic and applied aspects are presented. The first section of the book introduces physical adsorption and carbonaceous materials, and is followed by a section concerning the fundamentals of adsorption by carbons. This leads to development of a series of theoretical concepts that serve as an introduction to the following section in which adsorption is mainly envisaged as a tool to characterize the porous texture and surface chemistry of carbons. Particular attention is paid to some novel nanocarbons, and the electrochemistry of adsorption by carbons is also addressed. Finally, several important technological applications of gas and liquid adsorption by carbons in areas such as environmental protection and energy storage constitute the last section of the book. The first book to address the interplay between carbonaceous materials and adsorption Includes important environmental applications, such as the removal of volatile organic compounds from polluted atmospheres Covers both gas-solid and liquid-solid adsorption

Adsorption Ion Exchange and Catalysis

Adsorption  Ion Exchange and Catalysis Book
Author : Stavros G. Poulopoulos,Vassilis J. Inglezakis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-08-23
ISBN : 9780080463667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adsorption, Ion Exchange and Catalysis is essentially a mixture of environmental science and chemical reactor engineering. More specifically, three important heterogeneous processes, namely, adsorption, ion exchange and catalysis, are analysed, from fundamental kinetics to reactor design with emphasis on their environmental applications. In Chapter 1, the subject of air and water pollution is dealt with. Data about pollutants and emission sources are given and the treatment methods are shortly presented. In Chapter 2, the very basics and historical development of adsorption, ion exchange and catalysis are presented as well as their environmental applications. Chapter 3 is devoted to heterogeneous processes and reactor analysis. All types of reactors are described in depth and reactor modelling, hydraulics and mass/heat transfer phenomena are examined for each type of reactor. Chapters 4 and 5 are dedicated to adsorption & ion exchange and catalysis, respectively. The basic principles are presented including kinetics, equilibrium, mass/heat transfer phenomena as well as the analytical solutions of the reactor models presented in Chapter 3. In the sixth chapter, the subject of scale up is approached. The two Annexes at the end of the book contain physical properties of substances of environmental interest as well as unit conversion tables. Finally, nearly all the examples contained are based on real experimental data found in literature with environmental interest. Most of the examples consider all aspects of operation design – kinetics, hydraulics and mass transfer. * Provides basic knowledge of major environmental problems and connects them to chemical engineering

Adsorption

Adsorption Book
Author : Li Zhou
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9812770259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adsorption is the basis of various emerging technologies that will be essential for addressing the problems of technologies that will be essential for addressing the problems of energy conservation and environmental protection.This volume reviews recent progress and outlines the outlook for future development in adsorption theories, kinetics, pressure swing adsorption, SMB, and new nanoporous adsorbents. The contributions cover the fundamental knowledge and methodologies for adsorption experiments and calculations regarding equilibria, heat effects, adsorbent structural modeling, diffusion measurement, and selectivity control.The volume also includes topics concerning hydrogen storage, desulfurization of fuels, and chiral separation. The contributors are internationally renowned scholars in the field of adsorption.

Activated Carbon Adsorption

Activated Carbon Adsorption Book
Author : Roop Chand Bansal,Meenakshi Goyal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-05-24
ISBN : 1420028812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High surface area, a microporous structure, and a high degree of surface reactivity make activated carbons versatile adsorbents, particularly effective in the adsorption of organic and inorganic pollutants from aqueous solutions. Activated Carbon Adsorption introduces the parameters and mechanisms involved in the activated carbon adsorption

Adsorption Calculations and Modelling

Adsorption Calculations and Modelling Book
Author : Howard Brenner
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 148329224X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Adsorption Calculations and Modelling' provides readers with practical, useful information about how to make adsorption calculations and formulate models describing adsorption processes. Unlike most books on this subject, this book treats both gas phase adsorption and liquid phase adsorption with equal emphasis, and supplies a rigorous treatment of multi-component adsorption. It also covers adsorption applications in environmental applications including the use of impregnated adsorbents for protection against toxic gases and carbon adsorption in water and wastewater treatment. Explores the most up-to-date information on multicomponent adsorption Details adsorption applications in environmental application Explains the fundamentals of adsorption calculation in a simple, straightforward manner.

Gas Adsorption Equilibria

Gas Adsorption Equilibria Book
Author : Jürgen U. Keller,Reiner Staudt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-06-23
ISBN : 0387235981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is intended to present for the first time experimental methods to measure equilibria states of pure and mixed gases being adsorbed on the surface of solid materials. It has been written for engineers and scientists from industry and academia who are interested in adsorption based gas separation processes and/or in using gas adsorption for characterization of the porosity of solid materials. This book is the result of a fruitful collaboration of a theoretician (JUK) and an experimentalist (RS) over more than twelve years in the field of gas adsorption systems at the Institute of Fluid- and Thermodynamics (IFT) at the University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany. This collaboration resulted in the development of several new methods to measure not only pure gas adsorption, but gas mixture or coadsorption equilibria on inert porous solids. Also several new theoretical results could be achieved leading to new types of so-called adsorption isotherms based on the concepts of molecular association and – phenomenologically speaking – on that of thermodynamic phases of fractal dimension. Naturally, results of international collaboration of the authors over the years (1980-2000) also are included.

Adsorption at Natural Minerals Water Interfaces

Adsorption at Natural Minerals Water Interfaces Book
Author : Shaoxian Song,Bowen Li
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-10
ISBN : 3030544516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces the latest research regarding the adsorption of heavy metals, toxic ions, and organic compounds at the interfaces of water/minerals, such as mineralogical characterizations, surface chemistry, and modification of natural minerals as adsorbents, as well as the adsorption of cations, anions, and organic compounds in water. Presenting findings by the authors and their co-workers, the book helps readers grasp the principals and benefits of using minerals for water treatment, as well as the advanced technologies in the area developed over last 30 years, especially the last 10 years.

Adsorption Technology in Water Treatment

Adsorption Technology in Water Treatment Book
Author : Eckhard Worch
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2021-04-19
ISBN : 3110715600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book treats the theoretical fundamentals of adsorption technology for water treatment from a practical perspective. It presents all the basics needed for experimental adsorption studies as well as for process modeling and adsorber design. According to the increasing importance of micropollutants in the water cycle, particular attention is paid to their competitive adsorption in the presence of background organic matter. The current edition considers recent developments in adsorption theory and practice.

Adsorption Heat Pumps

Adsorption Heat Pumps Book
Author : Daniel B. Boman,Alexander W. Raymond,Srinivas Garimella
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-21
ISBN : 3030721809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume introduces the fundamentals of adsorption heat pumps, beginning with the simplest cycle and building to the most complex. Selection of adsorbents and refrigerants, design of adsorption beds and auxiliary heat exchangers, and applications for different designs are all discussed. The book educates engineering students, engineers, and researchers about an environmentally friendly alternative to vapor compression refrigeration systems promising for many applications. The authors cover thermodynamic cycles, working materials for the cycles, and aspects of designing and modeling adsorption heat pumps. Elucidates the various applications of adsorption heat pumps; Illustrates modeling techniques for quickly screening new working materials early in their development; Provides comprehensive review of cycle types, with discussion of the applications for which they are best suited; Appropriate for graduate courses on advanced thermodynamics, design of thermal systems, sustainable energy technology, refrigeration technologies, and thermal control of electronics.

Adsorption Science and Technology

Adsorption Science and Technology Book
Author : Chang-Ha Lee
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2003-04-24
ISBN : 9814486140
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the latest research on adsorption science and technology. It serves as an excellent reference for research in areas such as fundamentals of adsorption and ion exchange (equilibria and kinetics), new materials, adsorption characterization, novel processes, energy and environmental processes. Contents:Adsorption Equilibria of Sub-Critical and Super-Critical Fluids in Carbonaceous Materials (D D Do & H D Do)Freezing/Melting in Porous Carbons (F R Hung et al.)Measurement of Diffusion in Microporous Solids (D M Ruthven)Ordered Mesoporous Carbons with New Opportunities for Adsorption Studies (R Ryoo & S H Joo)Quantum Micropore Filling and Its Application Possibility (T Tanaka et al.)Adsorption in Microporous Materials: Analytical Equations for TYPE I Isotherms at High Pressure (A L Myers)New Sorbents for Desulfurization of Transportation Fuels (R T Yang et al.)Optimization of Continuous Chromatography Separations (Z Y Zhang et al.)Adsorption Technology for Gas Separation (S Sircar)Carbon Composite Membranes (M Suzuki et al.)On the Dominant Role of Adsorption Effects in Heterogeneous Catalysis (J F Denayer et al.)Pressure-Dependent Models for Adsorption Kinetics on a CMS (Y-S Bae et al.)and other papers Readership: Engineers and researchers in adsorption and separation science; research students in chemical engineering and physical chemistry. Keywords:Adsorption;Adsorbent;Equilibria;Kinetics;Characterization;Adsorption Process

Activated Carbon Adsorption For Wastewater Treatment

Activated Carbon Adsorption For Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Jerry. R. Perrich
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-18
ISBN : 1351077910
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a guide to the state of the art of activated carbon adsorption technology as applied to wastewater treatment. This book surveys this body of knowledge and is a detailed description of current technology.

New Developments in Adsorption Separation of Small Molecules by Zeolites

New Developments in Adsorption Separation of Small Molecules by Zeolites Book
Author : Susana Valencia,Fernando Rey
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-04
ISBN : 3030638537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume compiles and discusses the fundamental and multidisciplinary knowledge on adsorption and separation processes using zeolites as adsorbents. Over the last decade, a large amount of research has been carried out for the development of zeolites as adsorbents. However, there is still a growing interest to increase the understanding of such selective adsorbents. Therefore, synthesis strategies and new approaches for developing new selective zeolite adsorbents for gas separation are presented in the first chapter. In addition, a chapter focused on adsorption characterization techniques of microporous materials is included. This will be helpful for advanced readers, since the new IUPAC recommendations for microporous characterization are not still widely employed by the zeolite community. Experimental and theoretical aspects of economically and environmentally relevant separations, which have been successfully carried out with zeolites, are discussed in detail in subsequent chapters. Finally, industrial zeolite based adsorption and separation processes as well as current perspectives for new zeolite based separations, and improvements of current technologies are presented.

Adsorption and Catalysis on Transition Metals and Their Oxides

Adsorption and Catalysis on Transition Metals and Their Oxides Book
Author : Vsevolod F. Kiselev,Oleg V. Krylov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642738877
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with adsorption and catalysis on the surface of transition elements and their compounds, many of which are in teresting because of their particular electronic structure. The authors have worked through a vast body of experimental evi dence on the structure and properties of surfaces of transition metals and relevant oxides. Consideration is given mostly to simple (as opposed to mixed) oxides of transition elements, to common metals and to the adsorption of simple gases. A great deal of attention is paid to the nature of active surface sites responsible for chemisorption and catalytic transformations. The description relies mainly on the simplified ligand-field theory, which, however, proves quite satisfactory for predicting the adsorptive and catalytic activity of species. In many cases simple systems were explored with the aid of novel techniques, and it is only for such systems that the mechanism of the ele mentary act of adsorption and catalysis can be given adequate treatment. The present monograph has emerged from our earlier work in Russian, which appeared in the Khimiya Publishing House (Mos cow) in 1981. This English edition has, however, been revised completely to broaden its scope and to include more recent a chievements. For fruitful discussions the authors are grateful to A.A.

Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia

Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia Book
Author : Everett Jenne
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1998-04-28
ISBN : 008049868X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia, serves as a needed resource for this topic which has received much attention during the past 15 years. The book provides an in-depth review of the field, followed by numerouschapters that document the current status of adsorption research for a variety of metals by geomedia ranging from individual minerals to sediments and soils. Adsorption mechanisms are detailed and precipitation is presented as a distinct sorption process.Virtually all factors affecting the extent of metal adsorption are examined, including the effects of selected anions, competition among metals, pH, metal concentration, loading, variable metal adsorption capacity, ionic strength, hydrogen exchange and stoichiometry, and solids concentration. A variety of adsorption models are briefly presented and some are used to extend laboratory studies to field sites. The book is comprised of a collection of papers contributed by leading investigators from Canada, France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the US. Includes a wide-ranging review of the status of adsorption research and a prospectus on future research Details all known factors affecting the extent of adsorption Covers basic adsorption equations and interrelationships Clearly documents experimental procedures Presents adsorption data for eleven metals and three other elements Uses normalization to greatly reduce apparent variability among absorbents Provides extensive literature citations and a comprehensive index

Adsorption on Mesoporous Metal Organic Frameworks in Solution for Clean Energy Environment and Healthcare

Adsorption on Mesoporous Metal Organic Frameworks in Solution for Clean Energy  Environment and Healthcare Book
Author : Alexander Samokhvalov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-04-07
ISBN : 1315350416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adsorption and desorption in solution play significant roles in separations, detoxification of waste streams, in purification, chromatography, heterogeneous catalysis, metabolism of medicinal drugs, and beyond. Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are well-ordered 3-dimensional hybrid organic-inorganic polymers which contain metal cations and the structure-building organic "linker" units. Mesoporous MOFs with pore sizes 2-50 nm are particularly suitable for adsorption and adsorption-based separations of large molecules of organic and bio-organic compounds. Thousands of organic compounds and, in particular, aromatic and heterocyclic compounds are widely used as feedstock for industrial chemical synthesis, as fine chemicals, major components of liquid fossil fuels, dyestuffs, industrial solvents, agricultural chemicals, medicinal drugs, pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), and active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). There is a strong interest towards synthesis, characterization and studies of both known and newly synthesized mesoporous MOFs for adsorption in solution to achieve the high adsorption capacity, selectivity, and the possibility of multiple regeneration of "spent" sorbent. This book covers experimental fundamental research on using mesoporous MOFs in emerging applications of major industrial, environmental and academic importance, especially purification of water and liquid fossil fuels and in advanced biomedical technologies.

Adsorption desorption Phenomena

Adsorption desorption Phenomena Book
Author : F. Ricca
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Adsorption desorption Phenomena book written by F. Ricca, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Little Adsorption Book

The Little Adsorption Book Book
Author : Diran Basmadjian
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-02-06
ISBN : 1351410024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique approach to the basic concepts of adsorption is written for students, engineers, scientists, and others who need a clear presentation of adsorption processes. Unlike other texts on this subject, which are written for the specialist and rely heavily on advanced mathematics, this unique book helps you solve everyday problems in applications of adsorption, without complex mathematics or computers. The author, a recognized expert in the field, gives you a quick introduction to the underlying physics of absorption and explains how to apply adsorption to solve analytical and design problems. Rich with practical examples and enhanced by illustrations that support the text, this refreshingly straightforward presentation helps you cut through the complexities of adsorption to find fast answers to pressing real-world questions.

Carbon Adsorption for Pollution Control

Carbon Adsorption for Pollution Control Book
Author : Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff,Paul N. Cheremisinoff
Publisher : Prentice Hall
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Deals with the treatment of liquids, gas phase adsorption, air pollution control, treatment of hazardous wastes, carbon regeneration, controls, and safety