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Adjustment Models In 3d Geomatics And Computational Geophysics

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Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics Book
Author : Bashar Alsadik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-03-15
ISBN : 9780128175880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics: With MATLAB Examples, Volume Four introduces a complete package of theoretical and practical subjects in adjustment computations relating to geomatics and geophysical applications, particularly photogrammetry, surveying, remote sensing, GIS, cartography, geodesy and computing. Supported by illustrating figures and solved examples with MATLAB codes, the book provides clear methods for processing 3D data for accurate and reliable results. Problems cover free net adjustment, adjustment with constraints, blunder detection, RANSAC, robust estimation, error propagation, 3D co-registration, image pose determination, and more. Covers both the theory and practice of using adjustment techniques in a wide variety of modern applications in geomatics Presents topics on the Kalman filter, Robust estimation, Levenberg Marquardt technique, and many other vital applications in the context of geomatics and photogrammetry Provides 75 solved problems in detail, especially related to 3-Dimensional applications of geomatics Offers MATLAB codes to strengthen understanding and give readers up-to-date knowledge on information science

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics Book
Author : Bashar Alsadik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-04-16
ISBN : 0128175893
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics: With MATLAB Examples, Volume Four introduces a complete package of theoretical and practical subjects in adjustment computations relating to Geomatics and geophysical applications, particularly photogrammetry, surveying, remote sensing, GIS, cartography, and geodesy. Supported by illustrating figures and solved examples with MATLAB codes, the book provides clear methods for processing 3D data for accurate and reliable results. Problems cover free net adjustment, adjustment with constraints, blunder detection, RANSAC, robust estimation, error propagation, 3D co-registration, image pose determination, and more. Covers both the theory and practice of using adjustment techniques in a wide variety of modern applications in Geomatics Presents topics on the Kalman filter, Robust estimation, Levenberg Marquardt technique, and many other vital applications in the context of Geomatics and photogrammetry Provides 75 solved problems in detail, especially related to 3-dimensional applications of Geomatics Offers MATLAB codes to strengthen understanding and give readers up-to-date knowledge on information science

Advanced Technologies Systems and Applications VII

Advanced Technologies  Systems  and Applications VII Book
Author : Naida Ademović,Edin Mujčić,Medžida Mulić,Jasmin Kevrić,Zlatan Akšamija
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-10-15
ISBN : 3031176979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a collection of articles on the advanced and interdisciplinary application of innovative technologies. Scientific investigations and results of the conference 13th Days of Bosnian-Herzegovinian American Academy of Art and Sciences held in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, June 23-26, 2022, are presented in this book. The up-to-date advances in various fields of engineering have been presented through numerous papers spanning the disciplines of civil engineering, mechanical engineering, advanced electrical power systems, computer modeling and simulations for engineering applications, computer science and artificial intelligence, geodesy and geoinformation, data science and geographic information systems and information and communication technologies. The editors would like to extend special gratitude to all the chairs of the planned symposia of the 13th Days of BHAAAS for their dedicated work in the production of this book.

Education and Training in Geo Engineering Sciences

Education and Training in Geo Engineering Sciences Book
Author : Iacint Manoliu,Nicoleta Radulescu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-05-20
ISBN : 1482266431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE), the International Association for Engineering Geology and Environment (IAEG), and the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM) have concluded a Cooperation Agreement, leading to the foundation of the Federation of International Geo-engineering

Digital Terrain Modeling

Digital Terrain Modeling Book
Author : Zhilin Li,Christopher Zhu,Chris Gold
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-11-29
ISBN : 0203486749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by experts, Digital Terrain Modeling: Principles and Methodology provides comprehensive coverage of recent developments in the field. The topics include terrain analysis, sampling strategy, acquisition methodology, surface modeling principles, triangulation algorithms, interpolation techniques, on-line and off-line quality control in data a

3D Scientific Visualization with Blender

3D Scientific Visualization with Blender Book
Author : Brian R. Kent
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2014-04-01
ISBN : 1627056130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first book written on using Blender (an open-source visualization suite widely used in the entertainment and gaming industries) for scientific visualization. It is a practical and interesting introduction to Blender for understanding key parts of 3D rendering that pertain to the sciences via step-by-step guided tutorials. Any time you see an awesome science animation in the news, you will now know how to develop exciting visualizations and animations with your own data. 3D Scientific Visualization with Blender takes you through an understanding of 3D graphics and modeling for different visualization scenarios in the physical sciences. This includes guides and tutorials for: understanding and manipulating the interface; generating 3D models; understanding lighting, animation, and camera control; and scripting data import with the Python API. The agility of Blender and its well organized Python API make it an exciting and unique visualization suite every modern scientific/engineering workbench should include. Blender provides multiple scientific visualizations including: solid models/surfaces/rigid body simulations; data cubes/transparent/translucent rendering; 3D catalogs; N-body simulations; soft body simulations; surface/terrain maps; and phenomenological models. The possibilities for generating visualizations are considerable via this ever growing software package replete with a vast community of users providing support and ideas.

Electromagnetic Methods in Applied Geophysics

Electromagnetic Methods in Applied Geophysics Book
Author : Misac N. Nabighian
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 1988
ISBN : 1560800224
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a slag heap, the result of strip mining, creeps closer to his house in the Ohio hills, fifteen-year-old M. C. is torn between trying to get his family away and fighting for the home they love.

AGU 2004 Joint Assembly

AGU 2004 Joint Assembly Book
Author : American Geophysical Union. Joint Assembly
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download AGU 2004 Joint Assembly book written by American Geophysical Union. Joint Assembly, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Basics of Geomatics

Basics of Geomatics Book
Author : Mario A. Gomarasca
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-09-18
ISBN : 9781402090141
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geomatics is a neologism, the use of which is becoming increasingly widespread, even if it is not still universally accepted. It includes several disciplines and te- niques for the study of the Earth’s surface and its environments, and computer science plays a decisive role. A more meaningful and appropriate expression is G- spatial Information or GeoInformation. Geo-spatial Information embeds topography in its more modern forms (measurements with electronic instrumentation, sophisticated techniques of data analysis and network compensation, global satellite positioning techniques, laser scanning, etc.), analytical and digital photogrammetry, satellite and airborne remote sensing, numerical cartography, geographical information systems, decision support systems, WebGIS, etc. These specialized elds are intimately interrelated in terms of both the basic science and the results pursued: rigid separation does not allow us to discover several common aspects and the fundamental importance assumed in a search for solutions in the complex survey context. The objective pursued by Mario A. Gomarasca, one that is only apparently modest, is to publish an integrated text on the surveying theme, containing simple and comprehensible concepts relevant to experts in Geo-spatial Information and/or speci cally in one of the disciplines that compose it. At the same time, the book is rigorous and synthetic, describing with precision the main instruments and methods connected to the multiple techniques available today.

Forensic Analysis

Forensic Analysis Book
Author : B Suresh Shetty,Jagadish Rao Padubidri
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-09-07
ISBN : 9535126326
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is my pleasure to place before you the book ''Forensic Analysis - From Death to Justice'' which presents one of the major portions of the broad specialty of Forensic Science comprising mainly of Thanatology and Criminalistics. This book has been designed to incorporate a wide range of new ideas and unique works from all authors from topics like Forensic Engineering, Forensic Entomology and Crime Scene Investigation. I hope that it will be useful to practitioners of forensic medicine, experts, pathologists, law makers, investigating authorities, undergraduate and postgraduate medical school graduates of medicine.

Computational Physics

Computational Physics Book
Author : Michael Bestehorn
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2018-04-09
ISBN : 3110515210
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drawing on examples from various areas of physics, this textbook introduces the reader to computer-based physics using Fortran® and Matlab®. It elucidates a broad palette of topics, including fundamental phenomena in classical and quantum mechanics, hydrodynamics and dynamical systems, as well as effects in field theories and macroscopic pattern formation described by (nonlinear) partial differential equations. A chapter on Monte Carlo methods is devoted to problems typically occurring in statistical physics. Contents Introduction Nonlinear maps Dynamical systems Ordinary differential equations I Ordinary differential equations II Partial differential equations I, basics Partial differential equations II, applications Monte Carlo methods (MC) Matrices and systems of linear equations Program library Solutions of the problems README and a short guide to FE-tools

Marine Geomorphometry

Marine Geomorphometry Book
Author : Vanessa Lucieer,Margaret Dolan,Vincent Lecours
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-06-25
ISBN : 3038979546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geomorphometry is the science of quantitative terrain characterization and analysis, and has traditionally focused on the investigation of terrestrial and planetary landscapes. However, applications of marine geomorphometry have now moved beyond the simple adoption of techniques developed for terrestrial studies, driven by the rise in the acquisition of high-resolution seafloor data and by the availability of user-friendly spatial analytical tools. Considering that the seafloor represents 71% of the surface of our planet, this is an important step towards understanding the Earth in its entirety. This volume is the first one dedicated to marine applications of geomorphometry. It showcases studies addressing the five steps of geomorphometry: sampling a surface (e.g., the seafloor), generating a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) from samples, preprocessing the DTM for subsequent analyses (e.g., correcting for errors and artifacts), deriving terrain attributes and/or extracting terrain features from the DTM, and using and explaining those terrain attributes and features in a given context. Throughout these studies, authors address a range of challenges and issues associated with applying geomorphometric techniques to the complex marine environment, including issues related to spatial scale, data quality, and linking seafloor topography with physical, geological, biological, and ecological processes. As marine geomorphometry becomes increasingly recognized as a sub-discipline of geomorphometry, this volume brings together a collection of research articles that reflect the types of studies that are helping to chart the course for the future of marine geomorphometry.

Future U S Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence

Future U S  Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence Book
Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on the Future U.S. Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2013-04-28
ISBN : 0309268648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We live in a changing world with multiple and evolving threats to national security, including terrorism, asymmetrical warfare (conflicts between agents with different military powers or tactics), and social unrest. Visually depicting and assessing these threats using imagery and other geographically-referenced information is the mission of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). As the nature of the threat evolves, so do the tools, knowledge, and skills needed to respond. The challenge for NGA is to maintain a workforce that can deal with evolving threats to national security, ongoing scientific and technological advances, and changing skills and expectations of workers. Future U.S. Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence assesses the supply of expertise in 10 geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) fields, including 5 traditional areas (geodesy and geophysics, photogrammetry, remote sensing, cartographic science, and geographic information systems and geospatial analysis) and 5 emerging areas that could improve geospatial intelligence (GEOINT fusion, crowdsourcing, human geography, visual analytics, and forecasting). The report also identifies gaps in expertise relative to NGA's needs and suggests ways to ensure an adequate supply of geospatial intelligence expertise over the next 20 years.

Guide to GPS Positioning

Guide to GPS Positioning Book
Author : David Wells,Norman Beck,Canadian GPS Associates
Publisher : Larry d Hothem
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The Guide to GPS Positioning is a self-contained introduction to the Global Positioning System, designed to be used in any of the following three ways: as a self-study guide, as lecture notes for formal post-secondary education courses, or as hand-out material to support short-course and seminar presentations on GPS." -- Introduction.

Geophysical Potential Fields

Geophysical Potential Fields Book
Author : Lev Eppelbaum
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-07-18
ISBN : 0128116862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geophysical Potential Fields: Geological and Environmental Applications, Volume Two, investigates the similarities and differences of potential geophysical fields, including gravity, magnetics, temperature, resistivity and self-potential, along with the influence of noise on these fields. As part of the Computational Geophysics series, this volume provides computational examples and methods for effectively solving geophysical problems in a full cycle manner. Including both quantitative and qualitative analysis, the book offers different filtering and transformation procedures, integrated analysis, and special interpretation methodologies, also presenting a developed 3D algorithm for combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments. The book also includes applications of the unified potential field system, such as studying deep structure, searching hydrocarbon and ore deposits, localizing buried water horizons and rockslide areas, tectono-structural mapping of water basins, and classifying archaeological targets. It is an ideal and unique resource for geophysicists, exploration geologists, archaeologists and environmental scientists. Clearly demonstrates the successive stages of geophysical field analysis for different geological and environmental targets Provides a unified system for potential geophysical field analysis that is demonstrated by numerous examples of system application Demonstrates the possibilities for rapidly and effectively interpreting anomalies, receiving some knowledge of modern wavelet, diffusion maps and informational approach applications in geophysics, and combined gravity-magnetic methodology of 3D modeling Includes text of the Geological Space Field Calculation (GSFC) software intended for 3D combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments

Seismic Attributes for Prospect Identification and Reservoir Characterization

Seismic Attributes for Prospect Identification and Reservoir Characterization Book
Author : Satinder Chopra,K. J. Marfurt
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1560801417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seismic attributes play a key role in exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons. In Seismic Attributes for Prospect Identification and Reservoir Characterization (SEG Geophysical Developments No. 11), Satinder Chopra and Kurt J. Marfurt introduce the physical basis, mathematical implementation, and geologic expression of modern volumetric attributes including coherence, dip/azimuth, curvature, amplitude gradients, seismic textures, and spectral decomposition. The authors demonstrate the importance of effective color display and sensitivity to seismic acquisition and processing. Examples from different basins illustrate the attribute expression of tectonic deformation, clastic depositional systems, carbonate depositional systems and diagenesis, drilling hazards, and reservoir characterization. The book is illustrated generously with color figures throughout. "Seismic Attributes" will appeal to seismic interpreters who want to extract more information from data; seismic processors and imagers who want to learn how their efforts impact subtle stratigraphic and fracture plays; sedimentologists, stratigraphers, and structural geologists who use large 3D seismic volumes to interpret their plays within a regional, basinwide context; and reservoir engineers whose work is based on detailed 3D reservoir models. Copublished with EAGE.

Computational Geo Electromagnetics

Computational Geo Electromagnetics Book
Author : Viacheslav V. Spichak
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-02
ISBN : 0128196319
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Geo-Electromagnetics: Methods, Models, and Forecasts, Volume Five in the Computational Geophysics series, is devoted to techniques for building of geoelectrical models from electromagnetic data, featuring Bayesian statistical analysis and neural network algorithms. These models are applied to studying the geoelectrical structure of famous volcanoes (i.e., Vesuvio, Kilauea, Elbrus, Komagatake, Hengill) and geothermal zones (i.e., Travale, Italy; Soultz-sous-Forets, Elsace). Methodological recommendations are given on electromagnetic sounding of faults as well as geothermal and hydrocarbon reservoirs. Techniques for forecasting of petrophysical properties from the electrical resistivity as proxy parameter are also considered. Computational Geo-Electromagnetics: Methods, Models, and Forecasts offers techniques and algorithms for building geoelectrical models under conditions of rare or irregularly distributed EM data and/or lack of prior geological and geophysical information. This volume also includes methodological guidelines on interpretation of electromagnetic sounding data depending on goals of the study. Finally, it details computational algorithms for using electrical resistivity for properties beyond boreholes. Provides algorithms for inversion of incomplete, rare or irregularly distributed EM data Features methodological issues of building geoelectrical models Offers techniques for retrieving petrophysical properties from EM sounding data and well logs

Gravity Inversion and Integration

Gravity Inversion and Integration Book
Author : Lars E. Sjöberg,Mohammad Bagherbandi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-19
ISBN : 3319502980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains theory and applications of gravity both for physical geodesy and geophysics. It identifies classical and modern topics for studying the Earth. Worked-out examples illustrate basic but important concepts of the Earth’s gravity field. In addition, coverage details the Geodetic Reference System 1980, a versatile tool in most applications of gravity data. The authors first introduce the necessary mathematics. They then review classic physical geodesy, including its integral formulas, height systems and their determinations. The next chapter presents modern physical geodesy starting with the original concepts of M.S. Molodensky. A major part of this chapter is a variety of modifying Stokes’ formula for geoid computation by combining terrestrial gravity data and an Earth Gravitational Model. Coverage continues with a discussion that compares today’s methods for modifying Stokes’ formulas for geoid and quasigeoid determination, a description of several modern tools in physical geodesy, and a review of methods for gravity inversion as well as analyses for temporal changes of the gravity field. This book aims to broaden the view of scientists and students in geodesy and geophysics. With a focus on theory, it provides basic and some in-depth knowledge about the field from a geodesist’s perspective. /div

Recent Advances in Iterative Methods

Recent Advances in Iterative Methods Book
Author : Gene Golub,Anne Greenbaum,Mitchell Luskin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461393531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This IMA Volume in Mathematics and its Applications RECENT ADVANCES IN ITERATIVE METHODS is based on the proceedings of a workshop that was an integral part of the 1991-92 IMA program on "Applied Linear Algebra. " Large systems of matrix equations arise frequently in applications and they have the prop erty that they are sparse and/or structured. The purpose of this workshop was to bring together researchers in numerical analysis and various ap plication areas to discuss where such problems arise and possible meth ods of solution. The last two days of the meeting were a celebration dedicated to Gene Golub on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday, with the program arranged by Jack Dongarra and Paul van Dooren. We are grateful to Richard Brualdi, George Cybenko, Alan George, Gene Golub, Mitchell Luskin, and Paul Van Dooren for planning and implementing the year-long program. We especially thank Gene Golub, Anne Greenbaum, and Mitchell Luskin for organizing this workshop and editing the proceed ings. The financial support of the National Science Foundation and the Min nesota Supercomputer Institute made the workshop possible. A vner Friedman Willard Miller, Jr. xi PREFACE The solution of very large linear algebra problems is an integral part of many scientific computations.

Handbook of Mathematical Geosciences

Handbook of Mathematical Geosciences Book
Author : B.S. Daya Sagar,Qiuming Cheng,Frits Agterberg
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-25
ISBN : 3319789996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Open Access handbook published at the IAMG's 50th anniversary, presents a compilation of invited path-breaking research contributions by award-winning geoscientists who have been instrumental in shaping the IAMG. It contains 45 chapters that are categorized broadly into five parts (i) theory, (ii) general applications, (iii) exploration and resource estimation, (iv) reviews, and (v) reminiscences covering related topics like mathematical geosciences, mathematical morphology, geostatistics, fractals and multifractals, spatial statistics, multipoint geostatistics, compositional data analysis, informatics, geocomputation, numerical methods, and chaos theory in the geosciences.