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Adiabatic Shear Localization

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Adiabatic Shear Localization

Adiabatic Shear Localization Book
Author : Bradley Dodd,Yilong Bai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-05-22
ISBN : 008098200X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adiabatic shear localization is a mode of failure that occurs in dynamic loading. It is characterized by thermal softening occurring over a very narrow region of a material and is usually a precursor to ductile fracture and catastrophic failure. This reference source is the revised and updated version of the first detailed study of the mechanics and modes of adiabatic shear localization in solids. Building on the success of the first edition, the book provides a systematic description of a number of aspects of adiabatic shear banding. The concepts and techniques described in this work can usefully be applied to solve a multitude of problems encountered by those investigating fracture and damage in materials, impact dynamics, metal working and other areas. Specific chapters focus on energetic materials, polymers, bulk metal glasses, and the mathematics of shear banding as well as the numerical modeling of them. With its detailed coverage of the subject, this book is of great interest to academics and researchers into materials performance as well as professionals. Up-to-date coverage of the subject and research that has occurred over the past 20 years Each chapter is written on a different sub-field of adiabatic shear by an acknowledged expert in the field Detailed and clear discussions of each aspect

Adiabatic Shear Localization

Adiabatic Shear Localization Book
Author : Bradley Dodd,Yilong Bai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-05-22
ISBN : 0080977812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rev. ed. of: Adiabatic shear localization / Y. Bai and B. Dodd. 1992. 1st ed.

Introduction to Adiabatic Shear Localization

Introduction to Adiabatic Shear Localization Book
Author : Bradley Dodd,Yilong Bai
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2014-08-14
ISBN : 1783264357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adiabatic shear bands are found in a variety of metals and other materials; they cause rapid weakening due to energy concentration into narrow regions of the material. This is the very first book on this important topic and the only true introduction to the subject. An enhanced and updated student-friendly edition of the authors' 1992 book Adiabatic Shear Localization: Occurrence, Theories and Applications, this seminal text now includes essential Further Reading sections in some chapters. It explains adiabatic shear bands in a descriptive rather than a mathematical way, with a ‘quick reference’ section for readers wanting a more rapid introduction. Entirely comprehensive, the reader can dip into the chapters as suits his or her course material or research. If you are a postgraduate materials scientist, engineer, physicist, metallurgist, or indeed any researcher in materials that undergo rapid deformation and failure, this text is not to be missed.

Introduction to Adiabatic Shear Localization

Introduction to Adiabatic Shear Localization Book
Author : Bradley Dodd,Yilong Bai
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014-08-29
ISBN : 9781783264339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Localized deformation in the form of narrow shear bands are often observed to develop after larger plastic deformations in metals, polymers and powders. Shear bands, being a form of large plastic deformation, are usually the precursors of ductile fracture. Therefore, an improved knowledge of localized deformation, including instability, shear bands, damage and fracture, play a particularly significant role in a wide variety of engineering topics. One example is material processing. Since the 1970s shear banding has been extensively studied by mechanical and metallurgical engineers. There is a pressing requirement in physics and engineering to summarize the knowledge gained and to assist students and researchers to apply this knowledge in their respective areas of technology. This book is an invaluable reference source on the topic of adiabatic shear localization. It provides a systematic description of various aspects of adiabatic shear banding, and the various case studies describe the ways in which the knowledge of adiabatic shear localization can be used in several applications. In this way, readers can easily follow the different approaches and transfer concepts and techniques to help solve the problems they encounter in their own fields of interest.

Adiabatic Shear Localization

Adiabatic Shear Localization Book
Author : Yilong Bai,Bradley Dodd
Publisher : Pergamon
Release : 1992-01-01
ISBN : 9780080412665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adiabatic shear localization is a mode of failure that occurs in dynamic loading. It is characterized by thermal softening occurring over a very narrow region of a material and is usually a precursor to ductile fracture and catastrophic failure. This reference source is the first detailed study of the mechanics and modes of adiabatic shear localization in solids, and provides a systematic description of a number of aspects of adiabatic shear banding. The inclusion of the appendices which provide a quick reference section and a comprehensive collection of thermomechanical data allows rapid access and understanding of the subject and its phenomena. The concepts and techniques described in this work can usefully be applied to solve a multitude of problems encountered by those investigating fracture and damage in materials, impact dynamics, metal working and other areas. This reference book has come about in response to the pressing demand of mechanical and metallurgical engineers for a high quality summary of the knowledge gained over the last twenty years. While fulfilling this requirement, the book is also of great interest to academics and researchers into materials performance.

Dynamic Damage and Fragmentation

Dynamic Damage and Fragmentation Book
Author : David Edward Lambert,Crystal L. Pasiliao,Benjamin Erzar,Benoit Revil-Baudard,Oana Cazacu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-01-14
ISBN : 1119579341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineering structures may be subjected to extreme high-rate loading conditions, like those associated with natural disasters (earthquakes, tsunamis, rock falls, etc.) or those of anthropic origin (impacts, fluid–structure interactions, shock wave transmissions, etc.). Characterization and modeling of the mechanical behavior of materials under these environments is important in predicting the response of structures and improving designs. This book gathers contributions by eminent researchers in academia and government research laboratories on the latest advances in the understanding of the dynamic process of damage, cracking and fragmentation. It allows the reader to develop an understanding of the key features of the dynamic mechanical behavior of brittle (e.g. granular and cementitious), heterogeneous (e.g. energetic) and ductile (e.g. metallic) materials.

Mechanical Properties and Testing of Polymers

Mechanical Properties and Testing of Polymers Book
Author : G.M. Swallowe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 9401592314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume represents a continuation of the Polymer Science and Technology series edited by Dr. D. M. Brewis and Professor D. Briggs. The theme of the series is the production of a number of stand alone volumes on various areas of polymer science and technology. Each volume contains short articles by a variety of expert contributors outlining a particular topic and these articles are extensively cross referenced. References to related topics included in the volume are indicated by bold text in the articles, the bold text being the title of the relevant article. At the end of each article there is a list of bibliographic references where interested readers can obtain further detailed information on the subject of the article. This volume was produced at the invitation of Derek Brewis who asked me to edit a text which concentrated on the mechanical properties of polymers. There are already many excellent books on the mechanical properties of polymers, and a somewhat lesser number of volumes dealing with methods of carrying out mechanical tests on polymers. Some of these books are listed in Appendix 1. In this volume I have attempted to cover basic mechanical properties and test methods as well as the theory of polymer mechanical deformation and hope that the reader will find the approach useful.

The Physics and Mathematics of Adiabatic Shear Bands

The Physics and Mathematics of Adiabatic Shear Bands Book
Author : T. W. Wright,Thomas Wilson Wright
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2002-07-22
ISBN : 9780521631952
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a research monograph on the material instability known as adiabatic shear banding which often occurs in a plastically deforming material as it undergoes rapid shearing. Plastic deformation generates heat, which eventually softens most materials with continued straining, a process which is usually unstable. In this case the instability results in thin regions of highly deformed material, which are often the sites of further damage and complete failure. The main body of the book examines a series of one-dimensional problems of increasing complexity. In this way a comprehensive and quantitative picture of the complete phenomena is built up. Particular care is taken to use well established asymptotic techniques to find simple, but universal, analytic expressions or scaling laws that encapsulate various aspects of the dynamic formation and the final morphology of shear bands. A fully developed mechanics of shear is just beginning to emerge as a major companion to fracture mechanics, this book may speed the process along.

Shear Localization and Ductile Fracture in Metal Cutting

Shear Localization and Ductile Fracture in Metal Cutting Book
Author : Raymond Kim Yee
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Shear Localization and Ductile Fracture in Metal Cutting book written by Raymond Kim Yee, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Metallurgical Applications of Shock Wave and High Strain Rate Phenomena

Metallurgical Applications of Shock Wave and High Strain Rate Phenomena Book
Author : Murr
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1986-06-06
ISBN : 9780824776121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emphasizing metallurgical and materials applications of shock-wave and high-strain-rate phenomena, this superb volume presents the work of the leading international authorities who examine the state of the art of explosive and related technologies in the context of metallurgical and materials processing and fabrication.

Cosserat Continuum Mechanics

Cosserat Continuum Mechanics Book
Author : Ioannis Vardoulakis (Deceased)
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-01
ISBN : 3319951564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook explores the theory of Cosserat continuum mechanics, and covers fundamental tools, general laws and major models, as well as applications to the mechanics of granular media. While classical continuum mechanics is based on the axiom that the stress tensor is symmetric, theories such as that expressed in the seminal work of the brothers Eugène and François Cosserat are characterized by a non-symmetric stress tensor. The use of von Mises motor mechanics is introduced, for the compact mathematical description of the mechanics and statics of Cosserat continua, as the Cosserat continuum is a manifold of oriented “rigid particles” with 3 dofs of displacement and 3 dofs of rotation, rather than a manifold of points with 3 dofs of displacement. Here, the analysis is restricted to infinitesimal particle displacements and rotations. This book is intended as a valuable supplement to standard Continuum Mechanics courses, and graduate students as well as researchers in mechanics and applied mathematics will benefit from its self-contained text, which is enriched by numerous examples and exercises.

Dynamic Behavior of Materials

Dynamic Behavior of Materials Book
Author : Marc A. Meyers
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1994-10-28
ISBN : 9780471582625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addresses fundamentals and advanced topics relevant to the behavior of materials under in-service conditions such as impact, shock, stress and high-strain rate deformations. Deals extensively with materials from a microstructure perspective which is the future direction of research today.

Springer Handbook of Experimental Solid Mechanics

Springer Handbook of Experimental Solid Mechanics Book
Author : William N. Sharpe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-04
ISBN : 0387268839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a reference book, the Springer Handbook provides a comprehensive exposition of the techniques and tools of experimental mechanics. An informative introduction to each topic is provided, which advises the reader on suitable techniques for practical applications. New topics include biological materials, MEMS and NEMS, nanoindentation, digital photomechanics, photoacoustic characterization, and atomic force microscopy in experimental solid mechanics. Written and compiled by internationally renowned experts in the field, this book is a timely, updated reference for both practitioners and researchers in science and engineering.

Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods

Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods Book
Author : Franz Roters,Philip Eisenlohr,Thomas R. Bieler,Dierk Raabe
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-04
ISBN : 3527642099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by the leading experts in computational materials science, this handy reference concisely reviews the most important aspects of plasticity modeling: constitutive laws, phase transformations, texture methods, continuum approaches and damage mechanisms. As a result, it provides the knowledge needed to avoid failures in critical systems udner mechanical load. With its various application examples to micro- and macrostructure mechanics, this is an invaluable resource for mechanical engineers as well as for researchers wanting to improve on this method and extend its outreach.

Stability and Transition in Shear Flows

Stability and Transition in Shear Flows Book
Author : Peter J. Schmid,Dan S. Henningson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461301858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A detailed look at some of the more modern issues of hydrodynamic stability, including transient growth, eigenvalue spectra, secondary instability. It presents analytical results and numerical simulations, linear and selected nonlinear stability methods. By including classical results as well as recent developments in the field of hydrodynamic stability and transition, the book can be used as a textbook for an introductory, graduate-level course in stability theory or for a special-topics fluids course. It is equally of value as a reference for researchers in the field of hydrodynamic stability theory or with an interest in recent developments in fluid dynamics. Stability theory has seen a rapid development over the past decade, this book includes such new developments as direct numerical simulations of transition to turbulence and linear analysis based on the initial-value problem.

Cold Gas Dynamic Spray

Cold Gas Dynamic Spray Book
Author : Roman Gr. Maev,Volf Leshchynsky
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-27
ISBN : 1466584432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Your Guide to Advanced Cold Spray Technology Cold Gas Dynamic Spray centers on cold gas dynamic spray (or cold spray—CS) technology, one of the most versatile thermal spray coating methods in materials engineering, and effectively describes and analyzes the main trends and developments behind the spray (coating) techniques. The book combines theory with practice to enable the reader to deeper understand the CS coatings as well as their structures and properties, and describes the state of the art in CS technology with an emphasis on all major components of the cold spray process. This book begins with an introduction to CS spray and goes on to thoroughly explain the process. It describes the different powder synthesis methods and equipment currently used, and defines the CS coating microstructure, characterization methods, and properties of CS coatings. The authors present a comprehensive approach that highlights grit blasting and cold spraying as well as the hybrid CS-sintering technology that offers integrity of microstructure, compositional homogeneity, and mechanical property levels equal to (and frequently better than) those of the wrought counterpart. The book largely covers the basic principles of CS technology and also includes: A brief survey of thermal spray methods The basic principles of plasticity theory A description of the CS equipment, the nozzle design, and the geometry of a CS gun Coverage of the microstructural and mechanical properties of CS metals and alloys A detailed analysis of aircraft component repair using GS An overview of the economic aspects of CS applications. Cold Gas Dynamic Spray explains how cold gas dynamic spray works and what it can do, and is intended for engineering professionals working with sprays and coatings in the industry as well as graduate student specializing in material science, mechanical, automotive, aerospace, and chemical engineering.

Opportunities in Protection Materials Science and Technology for Future Army Applications

Opportunities in Protection Materials Science and Technology for Future Army Applications Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Army Science and Technology,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on Opportunities in Protection Materials Science and Technology for Future Army Applications
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-07-27
ISBN : 030921288X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Armor plays a significant role in the protection of warriors. During the course of history, the introduction of new materials and improvements in the materials already used to construct armor has led to better protection and a reduction in the weight of the armor. But even with such advances in materials, the weight of the armor required to manage threats of ever-increasing destructive capability presents a huge challenge. Opportunities in Protection Materials Science and Technology for Future Army Applications explores the current theoretical and experimental understanding of the key issues surrounding protection materials, identifies the major challenges and technical gaps for developing the future generation of lightweight protection materials, and recommends a path forward for their development. It examines multiscale shockwave energy transfer mechanisms and experimental approaches for their characterization over short timescales, as well as multiscale modeling techniques to predict mechanisms for dissipating energy. The report also considers exemplary threats and design philosophy for the three key applications of armor systems: (1) personnel protection, including body armor and helmets, (2) vehicle armor, and (3) transparent armor. Opportunities in Protection Materials Science and Technology for Future Army Applications recommends that the Department of Defense (DoD) establish a defense initiative for protection materials by design (PMD), with associated funding lines for basic and applied research. The PMD initiative should include a combination of computational, experimental, and materials testing, characterization, and processing research conducted by government, industry, and academia.

Dynamics of Materials

Dynamics of Materials Book
Author : Lili Wang,Liming Yang,Xinlong Dong,Xiquan Jiang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-07-25
ISBN : 012817322X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dynamics of Materials: Experiments, Models and Applications addresses the basic laws of high velocity flow/deformation and dynamic failure of materials under dynamic loading. The book comprehensively covers different perspectives on volumetric law, including its macro-thermodynamic basis, solid physics basis, related dynamic experimental study, distortional law, including the rate-dependent macro-distortional law reflecting strain-rate effect, its micro-mechanism based on dislocation dynamics, and dynamic experimental research based on the stress wave theory. The final section covers dynamic failure in relation to dynamic damage evolution, including the unloading failure of a crack-free body, dynamics of cracks under high strain-rate, and more. Covers models for applications, along with the fundamentals of the mechanisms behind the models Tackles the difficult interdisciplinary nature of the subject, combining macroscopic continuum mechanics with thermodynamics and macro-mechanics expression with micro-physical mechanisms Provides a review of the latest experimental methods for the equation of state for solids under high pressure and the distortional law under high strain-rates of materials

High Pressure Rheology for Quantitative Elastohydrodynamics

High Pressure Rheology for Quantitative Elastohydrodynamics Book
Author : Scott S Bair
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-03-06
ISBN : 9780080475301
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational elastohydrodynamics, a part of tribology, has existed happily enough for about fifty years without the use of accurate models for the rheology of the liquids used as lubricants. For low molecular weight liquids, such as low viscosity mineral oils, it has been possible to calculate, with precision, the film thickness in a concentrated contact provided that the pressure and temperature are relatively low, even when the pressure variation of viscosity is not accurately modelled in detail. Other successes have been more qualitative in nature, using effective properties which come from the fitting of parameters used in calculations to experimental measurements of the contact behaviour, friction or film thickness. High Pressure Rheology for Quantitative Elastohydrodynamics is intended to provide a sufficiently accurate framework for the rheology of liquids at elevated pressure that it may be possible for computational elastohydrodynamics to discover the relationships between the behaviour of a lubricated concentrated contact and the measurable properties of the liquid lubricant. The required high-pressure measurement techniques are revealed in detail and data are presented for chemically well-defined liquids that may be used as quantitative reference materials. * Presents the property relations required for a quantitative calculation of the tribological behaviour of lubricated concentrated contacts. * Details of high-pressure experimental techniques. * Complete description of the pressure and temperature dependence of viscosity for high pressures. * Some little-known limitations on EHL modelling.