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Adaptation Measures For Urban Heat Islands

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Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands Book
Author : Hideki Takebayashi,Masakazu Moriyama
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-20
ISBN : 0128176253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands helps the reader understand the relative performance of these adaptation measures, methods and analysis relating to their creation and maintenance, evaluation methods, and the role of policy and governance in implementing them. A suite of case studies is included on these urban or metropolitan areas that are significantly warmer than their surrounding rural areas due to human activities. In recent years, a suite of adaptation measures have been developed to mitigate the urban heat island phenomena. Provides a range of concrete implementation methods Assesses relative performance of adaptation measures and countermeasure technologies Establishes methods for human thermal environmental interventions Reviews adaptation cities selected for excellent energy performance and thermal comfort indicators

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario Book
Author : Francesco Musco
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-24
ISBN : 9783319791692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns.

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario Book
Author : Francesco Musco
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-30
ISBN : 331910425X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns.

Selected Climate Mitigation and Adaptation Measures and Their Impact on the Climate of the Region of Hamburg

Selected Climate Mitigation and Adaptation Measures and Their Impact on the Climate of the Region of Hamburg Book
Author : Marita Böttcher
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Selected Climate Mitigation and Adaptation Measures and Their Impact on the Climate of the Region of Hamburg book written by Marita Böttcher, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Planning for Climate Change

Planning for Climate Change Book
Author : Simin Davoudi,Jenny Crawford,Abid Mehmood
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2009
ISBN : 1849770158
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is changing the context of spatial planning and shaping its priorities. It has strengthened its environmental dimension and has become a new rationale for coordinating actions and integrating different policy priorities. This book sets out the economic, social and environmental challenges that climate change raises for urban and regional planners and explores current and potential responses. These are set within the context of recent research and scholarly works on the role of spatial planning in combating climate change. Addressing both mitigation measures for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to the effects of climate change, the book provides an overview of emerging practice, with analysis of the drivers of policy change and practical implementation of measures. It scopes planning issues and opportunities at different spatial scales, drawing on both the UK and international experiences and highlighting the need to link global and local responses to shared risks and opportunities.

Urban Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Countries

Urban Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Countries Book
Author : Mohsen M. Aboulnaga,Amr F. Elwan,Mohamed R. Elsharouny
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-14
ISBN : 3030054055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the risks, impacts, measures, actions and adaptation policies that have developed globally as a result of the severe impacts of global climate change. In-depth chapters focus on climate change assessment (CCA) in terms of vulnerabilities and reflection on the built environment and measures and actions for infrastructure and urban areas. Adaptation actions specific to developing countries such as Egypt are presented and illustrated. Global Climate change adaptation projects (CCAPs) in developing countries, in terms of their targets and performance, are presented and compared with those existing CCAPs in Egypt to draw learned lessons. Climate change scenarios 2080 using simulations are portrayed and discussed with emphasis on a case-study model from existing social housing projects in hot-arid urban areas in Cairo; in an effort to put forward an assessment and evaluation of current CCA techniques. This book helps researchers realize the global impacts of climate change on the built environment and economic sectors, and enhances their understanding of current climate change measures, actions, policies, projects and scenarios. Reviews and illustrates the impact of global climate change risks; Provides an understanding of global climate change risks in seven continents; Illustrates policies and action plans implemented at the global level and developing countries' level; Discusses climate change assessment and vulnerabilities with emphasis on urban areas; Presents measures and action plans to mitigate climate change scenarios by 2080.

Improvement Measures of Urban Thermal Environment

Improvement Measures of Urban Thermal Environment Book
Author : Hideki Takebayashi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-27
ISBN : 3319137859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Maximizing readers’ insights into urban and architectural environmental planning with consideration for the thermal environment, this work highlights how various urban heat-island strategies have been developed and their effectiveness in urban areas. Specific measures to combat the urban heat-island phenomenon, including improvement of surface cover, reduction of exhaust heat, improvement of ventilation are summarized and various heat-island measurement technologies, which have been proposed in recent years, are organized systematically based on surface- heat budget and surface boundary layer models. With suggestions for the selection of appropriate heat-island technologies depending on the location, this book elucidates the relationship between the thermal environment and urban block form characteristics. Covering the latest research findings, this book is of interest for all those concerned with environmentally friendly urban and architectural planning.

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates Book
Author : Ansar Khan,Soumendu Chatterjee,Yupeng Wang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-17
ISBN : 0128225580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates takes into account the different urban physics in tropical environments, presenting a way of UHI scaling for tropical cities. Topics include measuring, modeling and proper mitigation strategies, which account for the surface energy balance of tropics. Tropical cities are more susceptible to the effects of projected global warming because of conditions in tropical climates and the rapid growth of so many cities in this zone. The need for research on measuring, modeling and mitigation of UHI effects in tropical cities is of growing importance. This book walks through the basics of Urban Heat Islands, including causes, measurement and analysis then expands upon issues as well as the novel techniques that can be used to address issues specific to the region. Reviews topics related to understanding the fundamentals of modeling and impacts of urban heat islands Covers many techniques, from remote sensing, to numerical modeling and then applying them to urban climate studies in general, and in tropical cities Describes the scaling of urban heat islands based on long-term seasonal thermal parameters as feature-based classification systems using a probabilistic and fuzzy logic approach, unlike local climate zones (LCZs)

Cities and Climate Change

Cities and Climate Change Book
Author : Daniel Hoornweg
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0821384937
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cities concentrate wealth, people and productivity while consuming much of the world's energy and producing much of the world's greenhouse gas emissions. This concentration makes cities and their populations more at risk to natural disasters and to long-term changes in climate, yet cities also offer vast opportunities to respond to these challenges. Changes in migration, land use, and spatial development will increase vulnerability, especially in developing countries, and rising sea levels will affect millions of people living in coastal cities. Adaptation, mitigation, and increased resilience to climate change are therefore imperative for cities. The links between cities and climate change were the subject of the 5th Urban Research Symposium held in Marseille, France, in June 2009. The eight papers selected and updated for Cities and Climate Change: Responding to an Urgent Agenda reflect the core of the analytical discussion and policy implications discussed at the symposium, combining comprehensive analysis and theoretical insights with examples of best practices from around the world. These include a framework to include aspects of poverty in the discussion of cities and climate change; new perspectives on the knowledge and measurement of climate change, urban infrastructure, institutions and governance, and economic and social issues; and specific case studies comparing experiences of cities in both industrialized and developing countries. This book also includes a summary discussion of the main research themes and abstracts of additional selected papers from the symposium.

Sustainable Ho Chi Minh City Climate Policies for Emerging Mega Cities

Sustainable Ho Chi Minh City  Climate Policies for Emerging Mega Cities Book
Author : Antje Katzschner,Michael Waibel,Dirk Schwede,Lutz Katzschner,Michael Schmidt,Harry Storch
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 3319046152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As climate change and urban development are closely interlinked and often interact negatively, this edited volume takes Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam’s first mega-urban region as a case study to analyse its vulnerability to climate change and to suggest measures towards a more sustainable urban development. The book offers an overview on land use planning regarding the aspects of urban flooding, urban climate, urban energy and urban mobility as well as spatial views from the angle of urban planning such as the metropolitan level, the city, the neighbourhood and building level. It shows that to a significant degree, measures dealing with climate change can be taken from the toolbox of sustainable urban development and reflects how institutional structures need to change to enhance chances for implementation given socio-cultural and economic constraints. This is merged and integrated into a holistic perspective of planning recommendations, supporting the municipal government to increase its adaptive capacity. The authors are members of a German government funded research project on how to support HCMC’s municipal government to adapt to risks related to climate change.

Innovation in Climate Change Adaptation

Innovation in Climate Change Adaptation Book
Author : Walter Leal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-01-16
ISBN : 3319258141
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces innovative approaches to pursue climate change adaptation and to support the long-term implementation of climate change policies. Offering new case studies and data, as well as projects and initiatives implemented across the globe, the contributors present new tools, approaches and methods to pursue and facilitate innovation in climate change adaptation.

Measures to Reduce the Urban Heat Island Effect in Rosemont La Petite Patrie

Measures to Reduce the Urban Heat Island Effect in Rosemont  La Petite Patrie Book
Author : Canada. Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Division
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9781100229218
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Measures to Reduce the Urban Heat Island Effect in Rosemont La Petite Patrie book written by Canada. Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Division, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Implementing Climate Change Adaptation in Cities and Communities

Implementing Climate Change Adaptation in Cities and Communities Book
Author : Walter Leal Filho,Kathryn Adamson,Rachel M. Dunk,Ulisses M. Azeiteiro,Sam Illingworth,Fátima Alves
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-13
ISBN : 3319285912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book analyzes how climate change adaptation can be implemented at the community, regional and national level. Featuring a variety of case studies, it illustrates strategies, initiatives and projects currently being implemented across the world. In addition to the challenges faced by communities, cities and regions seeking to cope with climate change phenomena like floods, droughts and other extreme events, the respective chapters cover topics such as the adaptive capacities of water management organizations, biodiversity conservation, and indigenous and climate change adaptation strategies. The book will appeal to a broad readership, from scholars to policymakers, interested in developing strategies for effectively addressing the impacts of climate change.

Urban Adaptation to Climate Change

Urban Adaptation to Climate Change Book
Author : Vivek Shandas,Cynthia Skelhorn,Salim Ferwati
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-08-27
ISBN : 3030265862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the findings of a three-year study on urban heat in Doha, Qatar, and discusses guidelines and strategies for planning agencies to consider in the context of moderating temperatures to provide pedestrians with greater access to outdoor spaces and greater choice in modes of transport. If modifying urban form can reduce extreme temperatures in one of the hottest places on the planet, then perhaps other communities can learn how to create livable cities during a time of rapid changes to the climate. In fact, despite the periods of extreme heat, strategic planning and management of urban areas can improve residents’ and visitors’ ability to live, work, and move throughout the city comfortably. Doha, Qatar, a city with one of the most extreme climates on earth, has undergone rapid development over the past 40 years. Although cities in the Middle East are expanding at three times the international average (UN Report, 2012), the rapid population and physical growth remain largely unexamined, particularly in terms of the unique conditions, qualities, and characteristics that give rise to these emerging centres. Speed, quality, and extent of urbanization impact neighbourhood-scale environmental conditions, and this book provides evidence that urban forms and materials can help to mediate temporal variation in microclimates and that landscape modifications can potentially reduce temperatures and increase accessibility to outdoor environments. By applying the lessons in this book, communities around the world can better adapt to the increasing frequency, duration and intensity of extreme heat.

Resilient Cities

Resilient Cities Book
Author : Konrad Otto-Zimmermann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-05-16
ISBN : 9789400707856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Even with significant reductions of greenhouse gas emissions, a certain degree of climate change will inevitably occur. Adapting to climate change, then, will become a necessary step in reducing the vulnerability of many regions across the globe. This is especially true for urban areas where climate change has been shown to have particularly destabilizing effects. Through the identification and analysis of the most relevant impacts facing urban areas, this book makes clear the need to incorporate climate change concerns into the mainstream of local planning, governance and policy making practices. Adaptation as a workable concept within urban areas cannot be treated in isolation from the many pre-existing challenges facing cities. By offering numerous examples of ongoing adaptation programs and strategies across a wide range of contexts, the authors show the growing potential of cities in the fight against climate change. This book has its origins in a collection of papers originally presented at the Resilient Cities 2010 Congress in Bonn, Germany (May 2010), the first global forum on cities and adaptation to climate change, convened by ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability. In this volume, the first in a new series dedicated to this annual event, a range of contributors bring their perspectives to bear on the most pressing issues and controversies surrounding adaptation to climate change within cities. These writings will prove invaluable to anyone interested in understanding and confronting climate change at the local level.

Nature Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas

Nature Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas Book
Author : Nadja Kabisch,Horst Korn,Jutta Stadler,Aletta Bonn
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-01
ISBN : 3319560913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book brings together research findings and experiences from science, policy and practice to highlight and debate the importance of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation in urban areas. Emphasis is given to the potential of nature-based approaches to create multiple-benefits for society. The expert contributions present recommendations for creating synergies between ongoing policy processes, scientific programmes and practical implementation of climate change and nature conservation measures in global urban areas. Except where otherwise noted, this book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Resilient Cities 2

Resilient Cities 2 Book
Author : Konrad Otto-Zimmermann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-05-04
ISBN : 9400742231
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Assembling papers originally presented at the Resilient Cities 2011 Congress in Bonn, Germany (June 2011), the second global forum on cities and adaptation to climate change, this volume is the second in a series resulting from this annual event. These cutting-edge papers represent the latest research on the topic and reflect the intensification of the debate on the meaning of and interaction between climate adaptation, risk reduction and broader resilience. Thus, contributors offer more material related to resilience, such as water, energy and food security; green infrastructure; the role of renewables and ecosystem services; vulnerable communities and urban poor; and responsive financing for adaptation and multi-level governance. Overall, the book brings a number of different perspectives to bear on the most pressing issues and controversies surrounding climate change adaptation in cities. These papers will prove invaluable to anyone interested in deepening their understanding of urban resilience and contributing to tackling climate change at the local level.

Climate Change in Cyprus

Climate Change in Cyprus Book
Author : Theodoros Zachariadis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-01-25
ISBN : 3319296884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a concise overview of facts and projections about climate change in Cyprus and its region until the end of the 21st century. Climate change is expected to have adverse effects in Mediterranean Europe – the most serious compared to other European regions. Being an island state with a semi-arid climate in the Eastern Mediterranean, Cyprus is located in a hot spot. Based on the information available in the literature, it highlights the expected natural, economic and societal impacts of climate change and presents recommendations for the implementation of a national adaptation strategy. Despite the dismal outlook arising from this review, the book demonstrates that coping with climate change is possible, provided that proactive actions are taken by both the public and the private sector. Public authorities need to set clear priorities and set up adequate monitoring mechanisms that can help avoid large natural and economic damages at a later stage. Enabling private adaptation investments and properly pricing the use of natural resources are key priorities for investing in a climate resilient economy.

Geospatial Applications for Climate Adaptation Planning

Geospatial Applications for Climate Adaptation Planning Book
Author : Diana Mitsova,Ann-Margaret Esnard
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-12-18
ISBN : 1351113933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate adaptation is a timely yet complex topic that does not fit squarely into any one disciplinary realm. Geospatial Applications for Climate Adaptation Planning presents an overview of the range of strategies, tools, and techniques that must be used to assess myriad overlapping vulnerabilities and to formulate appropriate climate-relevant solutions at multiple scales and in varying contexts. Organized into four sections, the book includes 15 chapters. Each chapter is grounded in the literature and presents case studies designed by the authors, as well as many examples from a diverse international group of scholars and entities in the public and private sectors. Areas covered include: Climate Change and Climate Adaptation Planning: Context and Concepts Geospatial Technologies: Fundamentals and Terminology GIS and Climate Vulnerability Assessments Technical Approaches to Formulating Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies Geospatial Applications for Climate Adaptation Planning is aimed at advanced students, researchers, and entities in the public and private sectors. It also provides supplementary reading for courses in planning, public administration, policy studies, and disaster management.

Climate Change and Cities

Climate Change and Cities Book
Author : Cynthia Rosenzweig,William D. Solecki,Patricia Romero-Lankao,Shagun Mehrotra,Shobhakar Dhakal,Somayya Ali Ibrahim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-03-29
ISBN : 1316603334
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Urban Climate Change Research Network, Center for Climate Systems Research, Earth Institute, Columbia University."