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A History Of Active And Passive Vaccination

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The History of Inoculation and Vaccination for the Prevention and Treatment of Disease

The History of Inoculation and Vaccination for the Prevention and Treatment of Disease Book
Author : Burroughs Wellcome and Company
Publisher : Forgotten Books
Release : 2016-09-16
ISBN : 9781333630454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Excerpt from The History of Inoculation and Vaccination for the Prevention and Treatment of Disease: Lecture Memoranda, Xviith International Congress of Medicine, London, 1913 Immunity, Active and Passive Immunisation, Methods of, Compared Inoculation Hospital Established. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Vaccination

Vaccination Book
Author : The Open University
Publisher : The Open University
Release : 2021-10-22
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 14-hour free course traced the history of vaccination and assessed the vaccines in use today, examining their production and their limitations.

Pediatric Emergency Medicine E Book

Pediatric Emergency Medicine E Book Book
Author : Jill M. Baren,Steven G. Rothrock,John Brennan,Lance Brown
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2007-10-24
ISBN : 1437710301
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This authoritative reference equips you with the essential knowledge to provide comprehensive and effective care to children in an emergency setting. From age-specific diagnoses and chief complaints through developmental considerations and psychosocial issues, this text guides you through the full range of medical and surgical conditions commonly encountered when treating pediatric emergencies. The use of full color throughout, diagnostic algorithms, text boxes, charts, clinical pearls and pitfalls, and other visual features ensure the book will make crucial clinical information easy to find and apply. Tap into expert guidance on all aspects of pediatric emergency medicine, from the physical exam and usual and unusual presentations through to disposition criteria and transfer issues. Access step-by-step guidance on administering critical life support interventions and providing effective diagnostic and therapeutic ambulatory care. Quickly review specific treatment protocols for various emergency settings, including general emergency departments, community hospitals, tertiary care centers, EMS and transport, and triage. Find information fast with or without a known diagnosis, with content organized both by chief complaints and by specific diagnoses. Better understand how problems present differently in infants, children, and adolescents with age-specific diagnoses. Identify and manage the psychosocial issues surrounding pediatric patients, including major depression and suicidality, sexual and physical abuse, child neglect, and violence. Easily absorb key information with the aid of text boxes, algorithms, clinical pearls, and pitfalls. Retrieve information easily with a consistent templated format.

Diseases and Disorders

Diseases and Disorders Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Marshall Cavendish
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780761477723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Staying healthy requires knowledge and attention. Diseases and Disorders provides instructive details on more than 250 infectious diseases, mental disorders, and noninfectious diseases and disorders. Written with young adult readers especially in mind, each article looks at risk factors, symptoms, treatment, prevention, and other subjects that will enhance your librarys resources for promoting good health. More than 50 overview articles examine broad health care issues in articles such as Prevention, Alcohol-related disorders, Food poisoning, Cardiovascular disorders, and Injury.

Computational Immunology

Computational Immunology Book
Author : Shyamasree Ghosh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-14
ISBN : 135102552X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The immune system is highly complex system with large number of macromolecules, signaling pathways, protein-protein interactions, and gene expressions. Studies from genomics, transcriptomics, metabolomics are generating huge high throughput data that needs to be analyzed for understanding the Immune system in Health and Disease. Computational approaches arehelping in understanding the study of complex biology of immunology and thereby enabling design of therapeutic strategies in diseases like infectious diseases, immunodeficiency, allergic, hypersensitive, autoimmune disorders and diseases like Cancer, HIV etc. Computational Immunology: Basics highlights the basics of the immune system and function in health and disease. This book offers comprehensive coverage of the most essential topics, including Overview of Immunology and computational Immunology Immune organs and cells, antigen, antibody, B, cell, T cell Antigen Processing and presentation Diseases due to abnormalities of the immune system Cancer Biology Shyamasree Ghosh (MSc, PhD, PGDHE, PGDBI), is currently working in the School of Biological Sciences, National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), Bhubaneswar, DAE, Govt of India, graduated from the prestigious Presidency College Kolkata in 1998. She was awarded the prestigious National Scholarship from the Government of India. She has worked and published extensively in glycobiology, sialic acids, immunology, stem cells and nanotechnology. She has authored several publications that include books and encyclopedia chapters in reputed journals and books.

Public Health Law

Public Health Law Book
Author : Larry Ogalthorpe Gostin,Lawrence O. Gostin
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780520226487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first comprehensive treatment of public health law by the nation's leading expert in the field. In his research and teaching, Gostin has defined the field of public health law; this book represents the culmination of his research and thinking on the subject.

Translational Medicine

Translational Medicine Book
Author : Joy A. Cavagnaro,Mary Ellen Cosenza
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-11-26
ISBN : 1000471829
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translational Medicine: Optimizing Preclinical Safety Evaluation of Biopharmaceuticals provides scientists responsible for the translation of novel biopharmaceuticals into clinical trials with a better understanding of how to navigate the obstacles that keep innovative medical research discoveries from becoming new therapies or even making it to clinical trials. The book includes sections on protein-based therapeutics, modified proteins, oligonucleotide-based therapies, monoclonal antibodies, antibody–drug conjugates, gene and cell-based therapies, gene-modified cell-based therapies, combination products, and therapeutic vaccines. Best practices are defined for efficient discovery research to facilitate a science-based, efficient, and predictive preclinical development program to ensure clinical efficacy and safety. Key Features: Defines best practices for leveraging of discovery research to facilitate a development program Includes general principles, animal models, biomarkers, preclinical toxicology testing paradigms, and practical applications Discusses rare diseases Discusses "What-Why-When-How" highlighting different considerations based upon product attributes. Includes special considerations for rare diseases About the Editors Joy A. Cavagnaro is an internationally recognized expert in preclinical development and regulatory strategy with an emphasis on genetic medicines.. Her 40-year career spans academia, government (FDA), and the CRO and biotech industries. She was awarded the 2019 Arnold J Lehman Award from the Society of Toxicology for introducing the concept of science-based, case-by-case approach to preclinical safety evaluation, which became the foundation of ICH S6. She currently serves on scientific advisory boards for advocacy groups and companies and consults and lectures in the area of preclinical development of novel therapies. Mary Ellen Cosenza is a regulatory toxicology consultant with over 30 years of senior leadership experience in the biopharmaceutical industry in the U.S., Europe, and emerging markets. She has held leadership position in both the American College of Toxicology (ACT) and the International Union of Toxicology (IUTOX) and is also an adjunct assistant professor at the University of Southern California where she teaches graduate-level courses in toxicology and regulation of biologics.

Clinical Virology

Clinical Virology Book
Author : Douglas D. Richman,Richard J. Whitley,Frederick G. Hayden
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-07-10
ISBN : 1555819435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The essential reference of clinical virology Virology is one of the most dynamic and rapidly changing fields of clinical medicine. For example, sequencing techniques from human specimens have identified numerous new members of several virus families, including new polyomaviruses, orthomyxoviruses, and bunyaviruses. Clinical Virology, Fourth Edition, has been extensively revised and updated to incorporate the latest developments and relevant research. Chapters written by internationally recognized experts cover novel viruses, pathogenesis, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, organized into two major sections: Section 1 provides information regarding broad topics in virology, including immune responses, vaccinology, laboratory diagnosis, principles of antiviral therapy, and detailed considerations of important organ system manifestations and syndromes caused by viral infections. Section 2 provides overviews of specific etiologic agents and discusses their biology, epidemiology, pathogenesis of disease causation, clinical manifestations, laboratory diagnosis, and management. Clinical Virology provides the critical information scientists and health care professionals require about all aspects of this rapidly evolving field.

Pediatric Primary Care

Pediatric Primary Care Book
Author : Raymond C. Baker
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780781728898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dr. Baker's widely used Handbook of Pediatric Primary Care has now been updated and expanded into two volumes--Pediatric Primary Care: Well-Child Care and Pediatric Primary Care: Ill-Child Care. These practical handbooks provide easily accessible information on virtually every problem encountered in the primary care of children.Pediatric Primary Care: Well-Child Care focuses on health maintenance supervision and behavioral and developmental pediatrics. New chapters cover newborn screening, the sports physical, the adolescent visit, injury prevention, telephone medicine, and medical informatics. A significantly expanded behavioral and developmental section includes new chapters on negative behaviors, childhood sexuality, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Vaccines for Veterinarians

Vaccines for Veterinarians Book
Author : Ian R. Tizard
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-12
ISBN : 9780323682992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Vaccines for Veterinarians book written by Ian R. Tizard, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Characterization of Infectious Bursal Disease Viruses Isolated from Commercial Chickens

Characterization of Infectious Bursal Disease Viruses Isolated from Commercial Chickens Book
Author : Jacqueline Harris
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) field isolates recovered in 2007 from Delmarva Peninsula broiler farms with a history of poor performance were characterized. The isolates originated from 3- and 4-week-old broilers having only passive breeder vaccinations. A 743 base pair fragment of the VP2 coding region of each of the field isolates was amplified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. VP2 sequencing and phylogenetic analysis showed that all of the isolates distributed into six different clades representing serotype 1 Delaware variant viruses. Two active vaccination-challenge experiments were performed to test the antigenic and immunogenic properties of the IBDV field isolates and examine their ability to break through immunity to a Delaware variant vaccine 89/03 and a classic vaccine PBG98. Five field isolates representative of each molecular clade were used as challenge viruses in three-week-old specific pathogen free (SPF) White Leghorn chickens vaccinated with the Delaware variant and classic vaccines. The five field isolates induced variant-like gross lesions in all non-vaccinated SPF chicks. However, a single subcutaneous injection of either the 89/03 or PBG98 live, attenuated vaccine was sufficient to protect chickens against challenge with the five field isolates. Virus neutralization (VN) using antiserum produced against the five field isolates showed no difference in neutralization of the 89/03 and PBG98 strains. This similarity in neutralization indicated that the two cell-culture-adapted strains may not differ enough on the basis of antigenicity to reveal a difference between the five IBDV field isolates. The relatedness of the field isolates to other known variant IBDV strains was evaluated using VP2 sequence analysis and two monoclonal antibody (MAb) methodologies, transfection and immunofluorescence and whole virus, with an antigen capture enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (AC-ELISA). Isolate 4813 was determined to be most related to Delaware variant E (Del E) based on a 99.5% identity at the amino acid level and its reactivity with monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) 63 and 67. Isolates 4947 and 4955 were determined to be most related to variant vaccine strain, RS593, based on a 98.1% identity at the amino acid level and similar MAb reactivity patterns. Isolate 5041 was found to be most antigenically similar to the GLS variant by the whole virus/ELISA MAb test, but only 96.8% related at the amino acid level. Isolate 5038 failed to react with MAbs used in either AC-ELISA experiment, which indicated that it may differ antigenically from the IBDV reference strains tested. Genomic characterization and comparison of the variable region of VP2 of the five field isolates revealed amino acid substitutions in the four hydrophilic peaks previously identified as being important for antigenic variation and the binding of neutralizing antibodies. However, most of the VP2 sequence changes observed for the five field isolates closely resembled those of other characterized variant strains. A passive immunity progeny challenge was performed to assess passive IBDV immunity in leghorn chicken progeny with maternal antibodies to IBDV. Ten-day-old chicks challenged with isolate 5038 were less protected than chicks challenged with Del E. This finding indicated that 5038 was able to break through maternally-derived immunity earlier than Del E. The findings of this study indicated that field isolates 4813, 4947, 4955, and 5041 shared sequence and antigenic similarities with Delaware variant strains of IBDV. The isolation of these viruses from commercial Delmarva broilers at 3-4 weeks of age is not surprising as maternal antibodies to the virus normally are sufficiently low to permit infection. On the other hand, solate 5038 appeared to be antigenically different than IBDV reference strains Del E, STC, GLS, RS593, and AL-2 based on MAb testing and antigenically different from Del E based on progeny challenge findings and warrants further investigation.

Assisted Reproduction Techniques

Assisted Reproduction Techniques Book
Author : Khaldoun Sharif,Arri Coomarasamy
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-01-19
ISBN : 1444398830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Assisted reproduction techniques have led to the birth of 4 million babies worldwide Assisted reproduction techniques (ART), in particular in-vitro fertilization and intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection, are the most advanced forms of infertility treatment. They involve numerous counseling, medical, surgical and laboratory-based steps. At each step various problems and complications could be encountered that challenge even the most experienced ART practitioners. Moreover, patients with complex medical disorders may require ART, presenting further challenges. Assisted Reproduction Techniques will stimulate resourceful thinking in the ART practitioner when faced with these challenges. It outlines various management options, the reasoning behind them, and the evidence on which they are based to enable the practitioner to choose the most suitable solution for the needs of each patient. Written by 122 internationally renowned experts, Assisted Reproduction Techniques follows the patient's journey throughout the whole ART process, with chapters on: Counseling and preparation Ovarian stimulation Oocyte retrieval Embryo transfer The luteal phase The ART laboratory The male patient The ART pregnancy Each of the 100 concise chapters includes clinical cases, background, evidence-based practical management options, preventive measures and key-point summaries of the important details. Assisted Reproduction Techniques gives a wide-ranging practical guide to all those wishing to support couples who cannot conceive naturally.

Reese and Betts a Practical Approach to Infectious Diseases

Reese and Betts  a Practical Approach to Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Robert F. Betts,Robert L. Penn,Stanley W. Chapman
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780781732819
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now in its thoroughly revised, updated Fifth Edition, this handbook is a practical, easily accessible, and authoritative guide to the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. Leading experts present realistic clinical approaches to infectious disease problems seen in hospital and outpatient settings and offer up-to-the-minute advice on antimicrobial use--including specific recommendations on dosages, routes of administration, and duration of therapy. Chapters are written in a user-friendly outline format that is ideal for quick reference.This edition includes complete information on new diseases, new antibiotics, and HIV antiviral agents.

Essentials of Microbiology

Essentials of Microbiology Book
Author : Surinder Kumar
Publisher : JP Medical Ltd
Release : 2015-11-30
ISBN : 9351523802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essentials of Microbiology is an extensive guide to all aspects of microbiology covering immunology, bacteriology, virology, medical mycology, diagnostic medical microbiology, and many miscellaneous infections. Essentials of Microbiology is enhanced by over 200 images and illustrations and 181 tables. The final chapter on practical microbiology for MBBS students makes this book ideal for medical undergraduates.

Immunisation

Immunisation Book
Author : G. Dick
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401176337
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of immunisation has been one of the most striking features in the control of infectious disease in the twentieth century. This book takes into account the need for a simple, concise account of immunisation procedures not only in the UK and USA but also in other countries, and to this end a special chapter on immunisation in developing countries has been included. Following two introductory chapters, there are nine chapters on various diseases and the vaccines that have been developed to combat them. In each of these chapters, a short discussion of the epidemiology of the disease and the history of immun isation against it is followed by a description of the vaccine, its efficacy, contraindications to its use and future developments. The book concludes with four general chapters on vaccines for travel, vaccines for selective use, passive immunisation and immunisation in tropical environments. The demand for this book follows the popularity of a series of articles on immunisation which appeared in Update. These have been expanded and largely rewritten. I have drawn on many expert sources and have made an effort to provide a balanced and non-controversial opinion with a discussion of alternative procedures where indicated. Immunisation is intended not only for the family practitioner but also for many specialists, particularly paediatricians, community physicians, Armed Forces medical officers, and all those concerned with immigration procedures and with the spread of infectious diseases. Medical students, nurses and para medical staff will also find much of value.

Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine preventable Diseases

Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine preventable Diseases Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine preventable Diseases book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Virology E Book

Virology E Book Book
Author : Stephen N J Korsman,Gert Van Zyl,Wolfgang Preiser,Louise Nutt,Monique I Andersson
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2012-08-17
ISBN : 1455742139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a concise, highly accessible introduction to medical virology, incorporating essential basic principles as well as a systematic review of viruses and viral diseases. It pays particular attention to developments in anti-viral therapy that are becoming increasingly effective in modern medicine. It is an ideal textbook for the information-overloaded student and an invaluable everyday companion for the busy professional who needs a good understanding of the current state of medical virology. In keeping with the highly successful format of other Illustrated Colour Texts, it presents the subject as a series of succinct 2 page ‘learning units’, using a superb collection of clear illustrations and clinical photographs, concise yet comprehensive text and key point boxes to aid quick access to information and examination preparation. So whether you are a medical student, junior doctor, medical scientist, trainee in infectious diseases or student on another allied medical course, this book is here to make your life easier! It will also provide a very solid foundation for any who plan to delve deeper into this fascinating field. Part of the popular Illustrated Colour Text series Information presented in double page spreads for easy learning Highly illustrated with both full colour graphics and clinical photographs Each spread includes a key point box for exam preparation

Study Guide for Pharmacology for Health Professionals

Study Guide for Pharmacology for Health Professionals Book
Author : W Renee Acosta
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-06-29
ISBN : 1284240835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pharmacology for Health Professionals, Second Edition is specifically written for students who may not directly administer drugs in their chosen health profession, but who will be involved in patient care and therefore need to understand basic pharmacological principles and practices

Merenstein Gardner s Handbook of Neonatal Intensive Care

Merenstein   Gardner s Handbook of Neonatal Intensive Care Book
Author : Sandra L. Gardner,Brian S. Carter,Mary Enzman Hines,Jacinto A. Hernandez
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2015-04-30
ISBN : 032332083X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preceded by Merenstein & Gardner's handbook of neonatal intensive care / [edited by] Sandra L. Gardner... [et al.]. 7th ed. c2011.

Vaccines

Vaccines Book
Author : Stanley A. Plotkin,Walter A. Orenstein,Paul A. Offit
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2012-10
ISBN : 1455700908
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

2013 BMA Medical Book Awards Highly Commended in Public Health! Apply the latest vaccination knowledge with a reference that Bill Gates calls "an indispensable guide to the enhancement of the well-being of our world." Inside Vaccines, you'll find comprehensive and current coverage of every aspect of vaccination, from the development of each vaccine to its use in reducing disease. This medical reference book offers the expert information you need to apply the very latest techniques and information in your practice! Gain a complete understanding of each disease, including clinical characteristics, microbiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment, as well as epidemiology and public health and regulatory issues. Update your knowledge of both existing vaccines and vaccines currently in the research and development stage. Get complete answers on each vaccine, including its stability, immunogenicity, efficacy, duration of immunity, adverse events, indications, contraindications, precautions, administration with other vaccines, and disease-control strategies. Analyze the cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness of different vaccine options. Clearly visualize concepts and objective data through an abundance of tables and figures. Perform seamless searches of the complete text online, access all the references, and download all the images at www.expertconsult.com. Make optimal use of the latest vaccines for pneumococcal disease, rotavirus, human papillomavirus, herpes zoster, meningococcal disease, and much more. Stay at the forefront of new developments with completely updated chapters on malaria and HIV vaccines, a new chapter on vaccine regulations across the world, and many other revisions throughout.