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2D Nanomaterials for Energy Applications

2D Nanomaterials for Energy Applications Book
Author : Spyridon Zafeiratos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-22
ISBN : 0128168897
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

2D Nanomaterials for Energy Applications: Graphene and Beyond discusses the current state-of-the art of 2D nanomaterials used in energy-related applications. Sections cover nanogenerators, hydrogen storage and theoretical design. Each chapter focuses on a different energy application, thus allowing readers to gain a greater understanding of the most promising 2D materials in the field. The book's ultimate goal lies in describing how each energy technology is beneficial, hence it provides a valuable reference source for materials scientists and engineers. The physical and chemical properties of 2D materials can be effectively tuned through different strategies, such as controlling dimensions, the crystallographic structure and defects, or doping with heteroatoms. This flexibility facilitates the design of 2D materials for dedicated applications in the field of energy conversion and storage. Offers a single source for the major practical applications of 2D materials in the field of energy conversion and storage Explores how 2D materials are being used to create new, more efficient industrial energy products and devices Compares a variety of 2D materials, showing how the properties of a range of these materials make them beneficial for specific energy applications

Inorganic Two dimensional Nanomaterials

Inorganic Two dimensional Nanomaterials Book
Author : Changzheng Wu
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2017-08-22
ISBN : 1782624651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inorganic 2D nanomaterials, or inorganic graphene analogues, are gaining great attention due to their unique properties and potential energy applications. They contain ultrathin nanosheet morphology with one-dimensional confinement, but unlike pure carbon graphene, inorganic two-dimensional nanomaterials have a more abundant elemental composition and can form different crystallographic structures. These properties contribute to their unique chemical reaction activity, tunable physical properties and facilitate applications in the field of energy conversion and storage. Inorganic Two-dimensional Nanomaterials details the development of the nanostructures from computational simulation and theoretical understanding to their synthesis and characterization. Individual chapters then cover different applications of the materials as electrocatalysts, flexible supercapicitors, flexible lithium ion batteries and thermoelectrical devices. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the field for researchers working in the areas of materials chemistry, physics, energy and catalysis.

Fundamentals and Supercapacitor Applications of 2D Materials

Fundamentals and Supercapacitor Applications of 2D Materials Book
Author : Chandra Sekhar Rout,Dattatray J. Late
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-04
ISBN : 0128219947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals and Applications of Supercapacitor 2D Materials covers different aspects of supercapacitor 2D materials, including their important properties, synthesis, and recent developments in supercapacitor applications of engineered 2D materials. In addition, theoretical investigations and various types of supercapacitors based on 2D materials such as symmetric, asymmetric, flexible, and micro-supercapacitors are covered. This book is a useful resource for research scientists, engineers, and students in the fields of supercapacitors, 2D nanomaterials, and energy storage devices. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, which is suitable for the fabrication of highly-packed energy supplier/storage devices with enhanced energy and power density. The flexibility of 2D materials, and their good mechanical properties and high packing densities, make them suitable for the development of thin, flexible, and wearable devices. Explores recent developments and looks at the importance of 2D materials in energy storage technologies Presents both the theoretical and DFT related studies Discusses the impact on performance of various operating conditions Includes a brief overview of the applications of supercapacitors in various industries, including aerospace, defense, biomedical, environmental, energy, and automotive

2D Functional Nanomaterials

2D Functional Nanomaterials Book
Author : Ganesh S. Kamble
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-10-11
ISBN : 3527823948
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

2D Functional Nanomaterials Outlines the latest developments in 2D heterojunction nanomaterials with energy conversion applications In 2D Functional Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications, Dr. Ganesh S. Kamble presents an authoritative overview of the most recent progress in the rational design and synthesis of 2D nanomaterials and their applications in semiconducting catalysts, biosensors, electrolysis, batteries, and solar cells. This interdisciplinary volume is a valuable resource for materials scientists, electrical engineers, nanoscientists, and solid-state physicists looking for up-to-date information on 2D heterojunction nanomaterials. The text summarizes the scientific contributions of international experts in the fabrication and application of 2D nanomaterials while discussing the importance and impact of 2D nanomaterials on future economic growth, novel manufacturing processes, and innovative products. Provides thorough coverage of graphene chemical derivatives synthesis and applications, including state-of-the-art developments and perspectives Describes 2D/2D graphene oxide-layered double hydroxide nanocomposites for immobilization of different radionuclides Covers 2D nanomaterials for biomedical applications and novel 2D nanomaterials for next-generation photodetectors Discusses applications of 2D nanomaterials for cancer therapy and recent trends ingraphene-latex nanocomposites Perfect for materials scientists, inorganic chemists, and electronics engineers, 2D Functional Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications is also an essential resource for solid-state physicists seeking accurate information on recent progress in two-dimensional heterojunction materials with energy conversion applications.

Inorganic Two dimensional Nanomaterials

Inorganic Two dimensional Nanomaterials Book
Author : Changzheng Wu
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2017-08-22
ISBN : 1788012062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inorganic 2D nanomaterials, or inorganic graphene analogues, are gaining great attention due to their unique properties and potential energy applications. They contain ultrathin nanosheet morphology with one-dimensional confinement, but unlike pure carbon graphene, inorganic two-dimensional nanomaterials have a more abundant elemental composition and can form different crystallographic structures. These properties contribute to their unique chemical reaction activity, tunable physical properties and facilitate applications in the field of energy conversion and storage. Inorganic Two-dimensional Nanomaterials details the development of the nanostructures from computational simulation and theoretical understanding to their synthesis and characterization. Individual chapters then cover different applications of the materials as electrocatalysts, flexible supercapicitors, flexible lithium ion batteries and thermoelectrical devices. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the field for researchers working in the areas of materials chemistry, physics, energy and catalysis.

Nanomaterials for Sustainable Energy

Nanomaterials for Sustainable Energy Book
Author : Quan Li
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-12
ISBN : 3319320238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the unique mechanical, electrical, and optical properties of nanomaterials, which play an important role in the recent advances of energy-related applications. Different nanomaterials have been employed in energy saving, generation, harvest, conversion, storage, and transport processes very effectively and efficiently. Recent progress in the preparation, characterization and usage of 1D, 2D nanomaterials and hybrid architectures for energy-related applications and relevant technologies and devices, such as solar cells, thermoelectronics, piezoelectronics, solar water splitting, hydrogen production/storage, fuel cells, batteries, and supercapacitors is covered. Moreover, the book also highlights novel approaches in nanomaterials design and synthesis and evaluating materials sustainability issues. Contributions from active and leading experts regarding important aspects like the synthesis, assembly, and properties of nanomaterials for energy-related applications are compiled into a reference book. As evident from the diverse topics, the book will be very valuable to researchers working in the intersection of physics, chemistry, biology, materials science and engineering. It may set the standard and stimulates future developments in this rapidly emerging fertile frontier of nanomaterials for energy.

Advanced Applications of 2D Nanostructures

Advanced Applications of 2D Nanostructures Book
Author : Subhash Singh
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 9811633223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advanced Applications of 2D Nanostructures book written by Subhash Singh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Novel Nanomaterials for Biomedical Environmental and Energy Applications

Novel Nanomaterials for Biomedical  Environmental and Energy Applications Book
Author : Xiaoru Wang,Xi Chen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-16
ISBN : 012814498X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Novel Nanomaterials for Biomedical, Environmental, and Energy Applications is a comprehensive study on the cutting-edge progress in the synthesis and characterization of novel nanomaterials and their subsequent advances and uses in biomedical, environmental and energy applications. Covering novel concepts and key points of interest, this book explores the frontier applications of nanomaterials. Chapters discuss the overall progress of novel nanomaterial applications in the biomedical, environmental and energy fields, introduce the synthesis, characterization, properties and applications of novel nanomaterials, discuss biomedical applications, and cover the electrocatalytical and photothermal effects of novel nanomaterials for efficient energy applications. The book will be invaluable to academic researchers and biomedical clinicians working with nanomaterials. Offers comprehensive details on novel and emerging nanomaterials Presents a comprehensive view of new and emerging tactics for the synthesis of efficient nanomaterials Describes and monitors the functions of applications of new and emerging nanomaterials in the biomedical, environmental and energy fields

2D Advanced Functionalized Inorganic Nanomaterials

2D Advanced Functionalized Inorganic Nanomaterials Book
Author : Ganesh S. Kamble
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-12-06
ISBN : 3527346775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Outlines the latest developments in 2D heterojunction nanomaterials with energy conversion applications In 2D Functional Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications, Dr. Ganesh S. Kamble presents an authoritative overview of the most recent progress in the rational design and synthesis of 2D nanomaterials and their applications in semiconducting catalysts, biosensors, electrolysis, batteries, and solar cells. This interdisciplinary volume is a valuable resource for materials scientists, electrical engineers, nanoscientists, and solid-state physicists looking for up-to-date information on 2D heterojunction nanomaterials. The text summarizes the scientific contributions of international experts in the fabrication and application of 2D nanomaterials while discussing the importance and impact of 2D nanomaterials on future economic growth, novel manufacturing processes, and innovative products. Provides thorough coverage of graphene chemical derivatives synthesis and applications, including state-of-the-art developments and perspectives Describes 2D/2D graphene oxide-layered double hydroxide nanocomposites for immobilization of different radionuclides Covers 2D nanomaterials for biomedical applications and novel 2D nanomaterials for next-generation photodetectors Discusses applications of 2D nanomaterials for cancer therapy and recent trends in graphene-latex nanocomposites Perfect for materials scientists, inorganic chemists, and electronics engineers, 2D Functional Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications is also an essential resource for solid-state physicists seeking accurate information on recent progress in two-dimensional heterojunction materials with energy conversion applications.

Conducting Polymers for Advanced Energy Applications

Conducting Polymers for Advanced Energy Applications Book
Author : Ram K. Gupta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-23
ISBN : 1000513475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book details the use of conducting polymers and their composites in supercapacitors, batteries, photovoltaics, and fuel cells, nearly covering the entire spectrum of energy area under one title. Conducting Polymers for Advanced Energy Applications covers a range of advanced materials based on conducting polymers, the fundamentals, and the chemistry behind these materials for energy applications. FEATURES Covers materials, chemistry, various synthesis approaches, and the properties of conducting polymers and their composites Discusses commercialization and markets and elaborates on advanced applications Presents an overview and the advantages of using conducting polymers and their composites for advanced energy applications Describes a variety of nanocomposites, including metal oxides, chalcogenides, graphene, and materials beyond graphene Offers the fundamentals of electrochemical behavior This book provides a new direction for scientists, researchers, and students in materials science and polymer chemistry who seek to better understand the chemistry behind conducting polymers and improve their performance for use in advanced energy applications.

Modeling Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials

Modeling  Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials Book
Author : V Tewary,Y Zhang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-03-17
ISBN : 1782422358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nano-scale materials have unique electronic, optical, and chemical properties which make them attractive for a new generation of devices. Part one of Modeling, Characterization, and Production of Nanomaterials: Electronics, Photonics and Energy Applications covers modeling techniques incorporating quantum mechanical effects to simulate nanomaterials and devices, such as multiscale modeling and density functional theory. Part two describes the characterization of nanomaterials using diffraction techniques and Raman spectroscopy. Part three looks at the structure and properties of nanomaterials, including their optical properties and atomic behaviour. Part four explores nanofabrication and nanodevices, including the growth of graphene, GaN-based nanorod heterostructures and colloidal quantum dots for applications in nanophotonics and metallic nanoparticles for catalysis applications. Comprehensive coverage of the close connection between modeling and experimental methods for studying a wide range of nanomaterials and nanostructures Focus on practical applications and industry needs, supported by a solid outlining of theoretical background Draws on the expertise of leading researchers in the field of nanomaterials from around the world

Amorphous Nanomaterials

Amorphous Nanomaterials Book
Author : Lin Guo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-06-01
ISBN : 352734747X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A valuable overview covering important fundamental and applicative aspects of amorphous nanomaterials! Amorphous nanomaterials are very important in non-crystalline solids, which have emerged as a new category of advanced materials. Compared to the crystalline counterpart, amorphous nanomaterials with isotropic nature always exhibit fast ion diffusion, relieved strain, and higher reactivity, enabling such materials to exhibit high performance in mechanics and catalysis, as well as other interesting properties. Amorphous Nanomaterials: Preparation, Characterization, and Applications covers the fundamental concept, synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications of nanoscaled amorphous materials. It starts with the introduction of amorphous materials, then gives a global view of the history, structure, and growth mechanism of amorphous nanomaterials. Subsequently, some powerful techniques to characterize amorphous materials, such as X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, spherical aberration electron microscope, in-situ-Transmission Electron Microscope, Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy, and some other defect characterization technologies are included. Furthermore, the emerging innovative methods to fabricate well-defined, regularshaped amorphous nanomaterials, including zero-, one-, two-, and three-dimensional amorphous nanomaterials are systematically introduced. The fascinating properties and applications related to amorphous nanomaterials including the applications in electrocatalysis, batteries, supercapacitors, photocatalysis, mechanics, etc., are presented. It will greatly help the researchers to find professional answers related to amorphous materials. Great topic: amorphous nanomaterials are a very large and important field in both academia and industry Comprehensive: in-depth discussion of various important aspects, from both a fundamental and an applied point of view, on the chemistry, physics and technological importance of the amorphous nanomaterials are presented Vitally needed: the understanding of the fundamentals of amorphous nanomaterials is a prerequisite for devising new applications of such materials Highly relevant: amorphous nanomaterials have found specific applications in chemistry, catalysis, physics, sensing, batteries, supercapacitors, and engineering Amorphous Nanomaterials is a vital resource for materials scientists, inorganic and physical chemists, solid state chemists, physicists, catalytic and analytical chemists, as well as organic chemists.

Two dimensional Metal Phosphate Nanomaterials for Energy Storage Applications

Two dimensional Metal Phosphate Nanomaterials for Energy Storage Applications Book
Author : Gregory Robert Neher
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ability to synthesize two-dimensional inorganic nanomaterials is one of the many important challenges in materials science. Olivine LiMPO4 (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni) compounds represent an emerging class of cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries, whose electrochemical properties can be significantly enhanced by nano-structuring in two dimensions. My research focuses on developing and understanding synthetic routes that ultimately produce freestanding nanosheets of LiMnPO4. To achieve these goals, my synthetic strategy utilizes Mn3(PO4)2℗ʺ3H2O nanosheets as reactive synthons. In chapter 2, I discuss how this approach led to the synthesis of a new Mn3(PO4)2 polymorph0́4a microporous open-framework compound with intriguing potential in emerging electrode applications. In chapter 3, I describe the solvothermal reaction parameters that lead to

Nanobatteries and Nanogenerators

Nanobatteries and Nanogenerators Book
Author : Huaihe Song,Rajendran Venkatachalam,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Hao Bin Wu,Phuong Nguyen Tri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-21
ISBN : 0128215496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The term ‘nanobattery’ can refer not only to the nanosized battery, but also to the uses of nanotechnology in a macro-sized battery for enhancing its performance and lifetime. Nanobatteries can offer many advantages over the traditional battery, including higher power density, shorter charging time, and longer shelf life. Nano-generators refer to the uses of nanosized devices and materials to convert mechanical, thermal and light-based energies into electricity. Similar to with traditional battery, in nanobatteries, the chemical energy is converted into electricity. This book addresses the fundamental design concepts and promising applications of nanobatteries and nanogenerators. Particular application areas include healthcare, biomedical, smart nanodevices and nanosensors, which may require new electric power sources, including self-powered ability and nanostructured electric power sources. In this regard, nanobatteries and nanogenerators represent the next generation of electric power. This is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and energy scientists, who are looking to increase their understanding of how nanotechnology is being used to create new energy storage and generation solutions. Outlines the major design and fabrication principles and techniques for creating nano-sized batteries and generators Demonstrates how nanotechnology is being used to make batteries and generators more powerful and longer lasting Assesses the challenges of mass manufacturing nanobatteries and nanogenerators

Petroleum Engineering Explained

Petroleum Engineering Explained Book
Author : David Shallcross
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2020-04-20
ISBN : 1788016688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Assuming no mathematical or chemistry knowledge, this book introduces complete beginners to the field of petroleum engineering. Written in a straightforward style, the author takes a practical approach to the subject avoiding complex mathematics to achieve a text that is robust without being intimidating. Covering traditional petroleum engineering topics, readers of this book will learn about the formation and characteristics of petroleum reservoirs, the chemical properties of petroleum, the processes involved in the exploitation of reservoirs, post-extraction processing, industrial safety, and the long-term outlook for the oil and gas production. The descriptions and discussions are informed by considering the production histories of several fields including the Ekofisk field in the North Sea, the Wyburn Field in Canada, the Manifa Field in Saudi Arabia and the Wilmington Field off the Californian Coast. The factors leading up to the well blowouts on board the Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico and in the Mantara Field in the Timor Sea are also examined. With a glossary to explain key words and concepts, this book is a perfect introduction for newcomers to a petroleum engineering course, as well as non-specialists in industry. Professor David Shallcross is one of the foremost practitioners in chemical engineering education worldwide. Readers of this book will find his previous book, Chemical Engineering Explained, a useful companion.

2D Nanomaterials for Co2 Conversion Into Chemicals and Fuels

2D Nanomaterials for Co2 Conversion Into Chemicals and Fuels Book
Author : Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni,Karthik Kannan,Aboubakr M. Abdullah,Bijandra Kumar
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2022-02-23
ISBN : 9781839163111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering the fundamentals, properties, and applications, all aspects of 2D nanomaterial composites within carbon dioxide conversion are discussed. This book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in materials science, energy, and environmental science, as well as those in industry.

Nanomaterials for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Remediation

Nanomaterials for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Remediation Book
Author : Mu. Naushad,R. Saravanan,Raju Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-14
ISBN : 0128193565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured materials, especially, 1D, 2D and 3D nanostructures, and their engineered architectures are being increasingly used due to their potential to achieve sustainable development in energy and environmental sectors, providing a solution to a range of global challenges. A huge amount of research has been devoted in the recent past on the fine-tuning of nano-architecutres to accomplish innovations in energy storage and conversions, i.e., batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, solar cells, and electrochromic devices, bifunctional catalysts for ORR and OER, gas to fuels, liquid to fuels, and photocatalysts, corrosion, electrochemical sensors, and pollution and contaminants removal. Nanomaterials for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Remediation describes the fundamental aspects of a diverse range of nanomaterials for the sustainable development in energy and environmental remediation in a comprehensive manner. Experimental studies of varies nanomaterials will be discussed along with their design and applications, with specific attention to various chemical reactions involving and their challenges for catalysis, energy storage and conversion systems, and removal of pollutants are addressed. This book will also emphasise the challenges with past developments and direction for further research, details pertaining to the current ground - breaking technology and future perspective with multidisciplinary approach on energy, nanobiotechnology and environmental science Summarizes the latest advances in how nanotechnology is being used in energy and environmental science Outlines the major challenges to using nanomaterials for creating new products and devices in the sustainable energy and environmental sectors Helps materials scientists and engineers make selection and design decisions regarding which nanomaterial to use when creating new produts and evices for energy and environmental applications

Layered 2D Materials and Their Allied Applications

Layered 2D Materials and Their Allied Applications Book
Author : Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-06-16
ISBN : 1119654963
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ever since the discovery of graphene, two-dimensional layered materials (2DLMs) have been the central tool of the materials research community. The reason behind their importance is their superlative and unique electronic, optical, physical, chemical and mechanical properties in layered form rather than in bulk form. The 2DLMs have been applied to electronics, catalysis, energy, environment, and biomedical applications. The following topics are discussed in the book’s fifteen chapters: • The research status of the 2D metal-organic frameworks and the different techniques used to synthesize them. • 2D black phosphorus (BP) and its practical application in various fields. • Reviews the synthesis methods of MXenes and provides a detailed discussion of their structural characterization and physical, electrochemical and optical properties, as well as applications in catalysis, energy storage, environmental management, biomedicine, and gas sensing. • The carbon-based materials and their potential applications via the photocatalytic process using visible light irradiation. • 2D materials like graphene, TMDCs, few-layer phosphorene, MXene in layered form and their heterostructures. • The structure and applications of 2D perovskites. • The physical parameters of pristine layered materials, ZnO, transition metal dichalcogenides, and heterostructures of layered materials are discussed. • The coupling of graphitic carbon nitride with various metal sulfides and oxides to form efficient heterojunction for water purification. • The structural features, synthetic methods, properties, and different applications and properties of 2D zeolites. • The methods for synthesizing 2D hollow nanostructures are featured and their structural aspects and potential in medical and non-medical applications. • The characteristics and structural aspects of 2D layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and the various synthesis methods and role of LDH in non-medical applications as adsorbent, sensor, catalyst, etc. • The synthesis of graphene-based 2D layered materials synthesized by using top-down and bottom-up approaches where the main emphasis is on the hot-filament thermal chemical vapor deposition (HFTCVD) method. • The different properties of 2D h-BN and borophene and the various methods being used for the synthesis of 2D h-BN, along with their growth mechanism and transfer techniques. • The physical properties and current progress of various transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC) based on photoactive materials for photoelectrochemical (PEC) hydrogen evolution reaction. • The state-of-the-art of 2D layered materials and associated devices, such as electronic, biosensing, optoelectronic, and energy storage applications.

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy Book
Author : Jingbo Louise Liu,Sajid Bashir
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-06
ISBN : 0128017082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy presents timely topics related to nanomaterials' feasible synthesis and characterization, and their application in the energy fields. In addition, the book provides insights and scientific discoveries in toxicity study, with information that is easily understood by a wide audience. Advanced energy materials are important in designing materials that have greater physical, electronic, and optical properties. This book emphasizes the fundamental physics and chemistry underlying the techniques used to develop solar and fuel cells with high charge densities and energy conversion efficiencies. New analytical techniques (synchronous X-ray) which probe the interactions of particles and radiation with matter are also explored, making this book an invaluable reference for practitioners and those interested in the science. Provides a comprehensive review of solar energy, fuel cells, and gas storage from 2010 to the present Reviews feasible synthesis and modern analytical techniques used in alternative energy Explores examples of research in alternative energy, including current assessments of nanomaterials and safety Contains a glossary of terms, units, and historical benchmarks Presents a useful guide that will bring readers up to speed on historical developments in alternative fuel cells

Rational Synthesis and Structural Engineering of Two dimensional Inorganic Nanosheets for Electrochemical Energy Storage

Rational Synthesis and Structural Engineering of Two dimensional Inorganic Nanosheets for Electrochemical Energy Storage Book
Author : Lele Peng
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lithium-ion batteries have dominated the portable electronics industry and solid-state electrochemical R&D for the past two decades due to the relatively high energy density. However, the limited lithium resources and their non-uniform distribution are becoming big concerns. Therefore, exploring high-performance, safe rechargeable batteries based on abundant resources is urgent. Sodium-ion batteries are of great interest as a potentially low-cost and safe alternative to the prevailing lithium-ion battery technology owing to the high abundance of sodium in earth crust, even distribution in nature and its favorable redox potential (only ~0.3 V above that of lithium). Figures of merit for future SIBs call for a breakthrough in energy (>200 Wh kg−1) and power density (>2000 W kg−1) as well as the cycle life (>4000 cycles) by designing new electrode structures, materials engineering and identifying new chemistries, to satisfy the requirements of many potential applications ranging from ubiquitous portable electronics to grid energy storage. Two-dimensional (2D) inorganic nanosheets offer exciting opportunities for fundamental studies and many technological applications due to their unique and fascinating physical and chemical properties. Preparation of 2D materials via exfoliation/delamination from intrinsically layered materials has been greatly limited by the categories of materials with such suitably layered host crystals. It is critically challenging to obtain 2D nanocrystals from the materials of non-layered structures. This dissertation focuses on the rational synthesis and structural engineering of 2D inorganic nanosheets for high-performance electrochemical energy storage. Several 2D energy materials, such as MnO2, LiFePO4, VOPO4 nanosheets, for electrochemical energy storage are presented. The synthesis and characterizations of these 2D energy materials are discussed in details. Their electrochemical characteristics for H+, Li+ and Na+ storage and the corresponding energy storage mechanisms are also investigated for each case. 2D energy materials have proven effective in constructing kinetically favorable ion channels, but the irreversible restacking of the individual 2D nanosheets during materials processing or device fabrication may lead to the decrease of active sites for ion storage and the sluggish ion transport. To address this issue, two possible strategies are developed in this dissertation to improve the ion transport in 2D nanomaterials. One possible strategy is to increase the interlayer spacing to facilitate ion transport by creating a lower energy barrier for ion transport through the interlayer space. A general interlayer-engineering strategy to improve the sodium-ion transport in VOPO4 nanosheets via organic molecules intercalation is presented in Chapter 5. Another strategy is to make porous/holey materials to facilitate the ion transport. Chapter 6 summarizes the porosity engineering of 2D transition metal oxide nanosheets for improved rate capability and cycling stability for both lithium and sodium-ion storage. Rational synthesis and structural engineering of 2D inorganic nanosheets has allowed us to make progress on (i) understanding the materials chemistry of 2D energy materials for electrochemical energy storage, (ii) developing promising strategies to address the key problems in 2D nanomaterials for energy-related applications, and (iii) fabricating high-performance lithium- and sodium-ion batteries for the next generation