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Two Dimensional Materials in Nanophotonics

Two Dimensional Materials in Nanophotonics Book
Author : Yuerui Lu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-11-27
ISBN : 0429767994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted tremendous interest since the study of graphene in the early 21st century. With their thickness in the angstrom-to-nanometer range, 2D materials, including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, phosphorene, silicene, and other inorganic and organic materials, can be an ideal platform to study fundamental many-body interactions because of reduced screening and can also be further engineered for nanophotonic applications. This book compiles research outcomes of leading groups in the field of 2D materials for nanophotonic physics and devices. It describes research advances of 2D materials for various nanophotonic applications, including ultrafast lasers, atomically thin optical lenses, and gratings to inelastically manipulate light propagation, their integrations with photonic nanostructures, and light–matter interactions. The book focuses on actual applications, while digging into the physics underneath. It targets advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students of nanotechnology and researchers in nanotechnology, physics, and chemistry, especially those with an interest in 2D materials.

2D Materials for Nanophotonics

2D Materials for Nanophotonics Book
Author : Young Min Jhon,Ju Han Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-01
ISBN : 0128186593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

2D Materials for Nanophotonics presents a detailed overview of the applications of 2D materials for nanophotonics, covering the photonic properties of a range of 2D materials including graphene, 2D phosphorene and MXenes, and discussing applications in lighting and energy storage. This comprehensive reference is ideal for readers seeking a detailed and critical analysis of how 2D materials are being used for a range of photonic and optical applications. Outlines the major photonic properties in a variety of 2D materials Demonstrates major applications in lighting and energy storage Explores the challenges of using 2D materials in photonics

Flatland Nanophotonics

Flatland Nanophotonics Book
Author : Chitraleema Chakraborty
Publisher :
Release : 2018
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Semiconducting two-dimensional materials have gained increasing scientific interest within the last decade. Their electronic band gap in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectra, intriguing properties associated with spin and valley pseudospin of carriers and strongly bound excitons make them an excellent platform for both fundamental research, and technology tailored towards applications in nanophotonics and optoelectronics. Recently, 3D localized excitons in 2D materials have emerged as a novel source of single photon emitters, thus, unlocking the potential of these flatland materials in quantum optics and quantum information technology. The discovery of these localized excitons and the advances made in the study of quantum emitters in 2D materials are the major contributions of this thesis. In this thesis, we study quantum-confined excitons in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), a semiconducting class of 2D material. The effects of 3D confinement of excitons in the host monolayer TMDCs are investigated by optical spectroscopy. Low-temperature photoluminescence emission from the localized excitons exhibits narrow linewidths ranging from 100 fineV - 500 fineV with peak energies that are red-shifted from the delocalized excitons. Photon antibunching in intensity autocorrelation measurement confirms their single-photon nature. Magneto-optical studies reveal an exciton g-factor of fi10. Next, electric- field tunable devices based on van derWaals heterostructure are built around these localized emitters hosted by monolayer TMDC to study the quantum-confined Stark effect and demonstrate the electrical modulation of their photophysical properties such as emission energy, intensity, linewidth and fine structure splitting. We also investigate fully localized trions embedded in a charge-tunable van der Waals heterostructure. In such a device, direct electrostatic doping results in the formation of quantum confined trions with reduced electron-hole exchange interactions manifested by a reduction in the fine structure splitting and enhanced degree of circular polarization. This fosters the possibility of fabricating optically controlled spin-valley qubits with 2D materials. Lastly, we present various integrated devices based on 2D materials that are coupled with nanostructures such as metallic nano-antenna, nanowire-based waveguide and planar optical cavity based on distributed Bragg reflectors. These devices not only serve as a platform for solid-state quantum optics research but also provide building blocks for future nanophotonic and optoelectronic circuits."--Pages xvi-xvii.

2D Materials

2D Materials Book
Author : Phaedon Avouris,Tony F. Heinz,Tony Low
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-06-29
ISBN : 1107163714
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Learn about the most recent advances in 2D materials with this comprehensive and accessible text. Providing all the necessary materials science and physics background, leading experts discuss the fundamental properties of a wide range of 2D materials, and their potential applications in electronic, optoelectronic and photonic devices. Several important classes of materials are covered, from more established ones such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride, and transition metal dichalcogenides, to new and emerging materials such as black phosphorus, silicene, and germanene. Readers will gain an in-depth understanding of the electronic structure and optical, thermal, mechanical, vibrational, spin and plasmonic properties of each material, as well as the different techniques that can be used for their synthesis. Presenting a unified perspective on 2D materials, this is an excellent resource for graduate students, researchers and practitioners working in nanotechnology, nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, condensed matter physics, and chemistry.

2D Materials and Nonlinear Quantum Optics

2D Materials and Nonlinear Quantum Optics Book
Author : Daniel Beom Soo Soh
Publisher :
Release : 2019
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nonlinear optics has long been studied as a basis for realizing fast information processing devices and sensors. Nonlinear photonic logic enables the elimination of slow electron-photon transduction processes and supports high signal bandwidth at optical carrier frequencies. Recent breakthroughs in material science have ushered in a new era of research on atomically thin 2D materials with strong and novel properties for nonlinear optics. 2D materials may be incorporated with scalable nanophotonic technologies via post-lithographic integration. This thesis presents fundamentals for nonlinear optical properties of the 2D materials and their application for nonlinear quantum optics. It first describes the electronic band structures of two prominent 2D materials, namely, graphene and monolayer MoS2. Their linear and nonlinear optical properties are analyzed and presented. The analysis of graphene's optical property uses an innovative first-order perturbative S-matrix formalism that systematically identifies various physical mechanisms contributing towards the optical Kerr nonlinearity. On the other hand, the analysis of the optical property of monolayer MoS2 adopts a massive Dirac Hamiltonian that leads to linear and nonlinear optical susceptibilities through a standard perturbative calculation. It turns out that, although its real Kerr nonlinear susceptibility is enormously large compared to bulk materials, graphene has an even larger imaginary Kerr nonlinear susceptibility that degrades coherence via strong two-photon absorption. Hence, graphene is not a suitable material for applications where coherence is essential. In contrast, monolayer MoS2 that has non-zero finite bandgap energy turns out to be a simultaneously suitably coherent and highly nonlinear material as its real-to-imaginary ratio of the Kerr nonlinear susceptibility can be adjusted through detuning the optical carrier frequency. The thesis also presents a metamaterial configuration based on Kerr nonlinearity of the monolayer MoS2 coupled to a local surface plasmon. The unique combination of a strong field enhancement from the plasmonic effect and the atomic thickness of highly nonlinear 2D materials constitutes an optical nonlinear oscillator. This system produces highly quantum behavior, namely, photon antibunching and non-Gaussianity. When built on rapidly developing nanophotonic platforms, 2D materials are promising nonlinear optical materials that have a vast potential for a future large-scale quantum information processing network.

Emerging 2D Materials and Devices for the Internet of Things

Emerging 2D Materials and Devices for the Internet of Things Book
Author : Li Tao,Deji Akinwande
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-12
ISBN : 012818387X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging 2D Materials and Devices for the Internet of Things: Information, Sensing and Energy Applications summarizes state-of-the-art technologies in applying 2D layered materials, discusses energy and sensing device applications as essential infrastructure solutions, and explores designs that will make internet-of-things devices faster, more reliable and more accessible for the creation of mass-market products. The book focuses on information, energy and sensing applications, showing how different types of 2D materials are being used to create a new generation of products and devices that harness the capabilities of wireless technology in an eco-efficient, reliable way. This book is an important resource for both materials scientists and engineers, who are designing new wireless products in a variety of industry sectors. Explores how 2D materials are being used to create faster and more reliable wireless network solutions Discusses how graphene-based nanocomposites are being used for energy harvesting and storage applications Outlines the major challenges for integrating 2D materials in electronic sensing devices

Two dimensional Materials for Photodetector

Two dimensional Materials for Photodetector Book
Author : Pramoda Kumar Nayak
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-04-04
ISBN : 9535139517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atomic thin two-dimensional (2D) materials are the thinnest forms of materials to ever occur in nature and have the potential to dramatically alter and revolutionize our material world. Some of the unique properties of these materials including wide photoresponse wavelength, passivated surfaces, strong interaction with incident light, and high mobility have created tremendous interest in photodetector application. This book provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art knowledge about photodetector technology in the range visible to infrared region using various 2D materials including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, III-V semiconductor, and so on. It consists of 10 chapters contributed by a team of experts in this exciting field. We believe that this book will provide new opportunities and guidance for the development of next-generation 2D photodetector.

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials Book
Author : Chandra Sekhar Rout,Dattatray Late,Hywel Morgan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0081025785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials provides a comprehensive understanding of a wide range of 2D materials. Examples of fundamental topics include: defect and vacancy engineering, doping and advantages of 2D materials for sensing, 2D materials and composites for sensing, and 2D materials in biosystems. A wide range of applications are addressed, such as gas sensors based on 2D materials, electrochemical glucose sensors, biosensors (enzymatic and non-enzymatic), and printed, stretchable, wearable and flexible biosensors. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, thus making them suitable for the fabrication of thin film based sensor devices. Benefiting from their unique physical and chemical properties (e.g. strong mechanical strength, high surface area, unparalleled thermal conductivity, remarkable biocompatibility and ease of functionalization), 2D layered nanomaterials have shown great potential in designing high performance sensor devices. Provides a comprehensive overview of 2D materials systems that are relevant to sensing, including transition metal dichalcogenides, metal oxides, graphene and other 2D materials system Includes information on potential applications, such as flexible sensors, biosensors, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, and more Discusses graphene in terms of the lessons learned from this material for sensing applications and how these lessons can be applied to other 2D materials

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-01-02
ISBN : 012812296X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Technology, Second Edition allows researchers to navigate a very diverse, interdisciplinary and rapidly-changing field with up-to-date, comprehensive and authoritative coverage of every aspect of modern nanoscience and nanotechnology. Presents new chapters on the latest developments in the field Covers topics not discussed to this degree of detail in other works, such as biological devices and applications of nanotechnology Compiled and written by top international authorities in the field

Nanophotonics Integrating Photochemistry Optics and Nano Bio Materials Studies

Nanophotonics  Integrating Photochemistry  Optics and Nano Bio Materials Studies Book
Author : Hiroshi Masuhara,Satoshi Kawata
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-10-09
ISBN : 9780080473536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanophotonics: Integrating Photochemistry, Optics and Nano/Bio Materials Studies. Is an interdisciplinary research text on the application of nanophotonic (physical/chemical) research and effects in devices for applications, bridging a gap between conventional pthotophysics/photochemistry and nanoscience. Nanophotonics is a new wide research field related to photochemistry, photobiology, and photophysics in nanodimension. Under the keywords of "Photo" and "Nano", advanced scientific topics, such as spectroscopic analysis of from single molecules to nanomaterials, nanofabrication by photons, detection of single bio-molecules, near field optics, and so forth, are described here. The book is written by experts in the field of photochemistry, optics, material science, bioscience, and so on for providing advanced knowledge of nanophotonics. Nanophotonics is a new research field that is not included in any conventional discipline but widely cover evolving and promising research subjects under the keywords of "Light" and "Nanoscale". Topics included in the book are concerned with photodynamics: from single molecules to nanoparticles, spectroscopy and imaging in nanodimensions, nanofabrication, synthesis, analysis and control of nano/bio systems and so on, the book is finalized by topics of toward molecular nanophotonics. This is written primarily for graduate students, researchers, and engineers.

Nanophotonic Materials

Nanophotonic Materials Book
Author : Ralf B. Wehrspohn,Heinz-Siegfried Kitzerow,Kurt Busch
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-09-08
ISBN : 352762189X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

`Nanophotonic Materials - Photonic Crystals, Plasmonics, and Metamaterials' summarizes the work and results of a consortium consisting of more than 20 German research groups concentrated on photonics crystals research over the last seven years. Illustrated throughout in full color, the book provides an overview of these novel materials, spanning the entire range from fundamentals to applications.

Plasmonics and Light Matter Interactions in Two Dimensional Materials and in Metal Nanostructures

Plasmonics and Light   Matter Interactions in Two Dimensional Materials and in Metal Nanostructures Book
Author : Paulo André Dias Gonçalves
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-19
ISBN : 3030382915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis presents a comprehensive theoretical description of classical and quantum aspects of plasmonics in three and two dimensions, and also in transdimensional systems containing elements with different dimensionalities. It focuses on the theoretical understanding of the salient features of plasmons in nanosystems as well as on the multifaceted aspects of plasmon-enhanced light–matter interactions at the nanometer scale. Special emphasis is given to the modeling of nonclassical behavior across the transition regime bridging the classical and the quantum domains. The research presented in this dissertation provides useful tools for understanding surface plasmons in various two- and three-dimensional nanostructures, as well as quantum mechanical effects in their response and their joint impact on light–matter interactions at the extreme nanoscale. These contributions constitute novel and solid advancements in the research field of plasmonics and nanophotonics that will help guide future experimental investigations in the blossoming field of nanophotonics, and also facilitate the design of the next generation of truly nanoscale nanophotonic devices.

Optimizing Fabrication Techniques of Materials and Devices for Integrated Nanophotonics

Optimizing Fabrication Techniques of Materials and Devices for Integrated Nanophotonics Book
Author : Anishkumar Soman
Publisher :
Release : 2019
ISBN : 9781085641630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photonics is a branch of science which deals with the manipulation of light ("photons") and has been growing exponentially in the last few decades due to the increased demands for faster data transfer, larger bandwidth, lower loss, lesser power requirement etc. To make these photonic devices we need to fabricate different active and passive device components. In this thesis, we have described the fabrication methodology and optimization techniques for such different photonic components. The thesis also discussed about different materials which find application in photonic devices.

Micro and Nanophotonics for Semiconductor Infrared Detectors

Micro and Nanophotonics for Semiconductor Infrared Detectors Book
Author : Zoran Jakšić
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-09-25
ISBN : 3319096745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The advent of microelectromechanic system (MEMS) technologies and nanotechnologies has resulted in a multitude of structures and devices with ultra compact dimensions and with vastly enhanced or even completely novel properties. In the field of photonics it resulted in the appearance of new paradigms, including photonic crystals that exhibit photonic bandgap and represent an optical analog of semiconductors and metamaterials that have subwavelength features and may have almost arbitrary values of effective refractive index, including those below zero. In addition to that, a whole new field of plasmonics appeared, dedicated to the manipulation with evanescent, surface-bound electromagnetic waves and offering an opportunity to merge nanoelectronics with all-optical circuitry. In the field of infrared technologies MEMS and nanotechnologies ensured the appearance of a new generation of silicon-based thermal detectors with properties vastly surpassing the conventional thermal devices. However, another family of infrared detectors, photonic devices based on narrow-bandgap semiconductors, has traditionally been superior to thermal detectors. Literature about their micro and nanophotonic enhancement has been scarce and scattered through journals. This book offers the first systematic approach to numerous different MEMS and nanotechnology-based methods available for the improvement of photonic infrared detectors and points out to a path towards uncooled operation with the performance of cryogenically cooled devices. It is shown that a vast area for enhancement does exists and that photonic devices can readily keep their leading position in infrared detection. The various methods and approaches described in the book are also directly applicable to different other types of photodetectors like solar cells, often with little or no modification.

Progress in Nanophotonics 2

Progress in Nanophotonics 2 Book
Author : Motoichi Ohtsu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-02-26
ISBN : 3642357199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses the recent progress in nanophotonics technology to be used to develop novel nano-optical devices, fabrication technology, and advanced systems. It begins with a review of near-field excitation dynamics in molecules. Further topics include: wavelength up-converting a phonon-assisted excitation process with degenerate beams and non-degenerate beams in dye grains, a fabrication method of semiconductor quantum dots including self-assembly of InAs quantum dots based on the Stranski-Krastanov growth mode, single-nanotube spectroscopy and time-resolved spectroscopy for studying novel excitonic properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes. The striking features of ecxitons in the carbon nanotube, multiple-exciton states, and microfluidic and extended-nano fluidic techniques. These topics are reviewed by nine leading scientists. This overview is a variable resource for engineers and scientists working in the field of nanophotonics.

Dispersion Engineering for Integrated Nanophotonics

Dispersion Engineering for Integrated Nanophotonics Book
Author : Olivier Vanbésien,Emmanuel Centeno
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-03-06
ISBN : 1118649419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book shows how dispersion engineering in two dimensional dielectric photonic crystals can provide new effects for the precise control of light propagation for integrated nanophotonics. Dispersion engineering in regular and graded photonic crystals to promote anomalous refraction effects is studied from the concepts to experimental demonstration via nanofabrication considerations. Self collimation, ultra and negative refraction, second harmonic generation, mirage and invisibility effects which lead to an unprecedented control of light propagation at the (sub-)wavelength scale for the field of integrated nanophotonics are detailed and commented upon.

Fourier Modal Method and Its Applications in Computational Nanophotonics

Fourier Modal Method and Its Applications in Computational Nanophotonics Book
Author : Hwi Kim,Junghyun Park,Byoungho Lee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-03-05
ISBN : 1420088394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most available books on computational electrodynamics are focused on FDTD, FEM, or other specific technique developed in microwave engineering. In contrast, Fourier Modal Method and Its Applications in Computational Nanophotonics is a complete guide to the principles and detailed mathematics of the up-to-date Fourier modal method of optical analysis. It takes readers through the implementation of MATLAB® codes for practical modeling of well-known and promising nanophotonic structures. The authors also address the limitations of the Fourier modal method. Features Provides a comprehensive guide to the principles, methods, and mathematics of the Fourier modal method Explores the emerging field of computational nanophotonics Presents clear, step-by-step, practical explanations on how to use the Fourier modal method for photonics and nanophotonics applications Includes the necessary MATLAB codes, enabling readers to construct their own code Using this book, graduate students and researchers can learn about nanophotonics simulations through a comprehensive treatment of the mathematics underlying the Fourier modal method and examples of practical problems solved with MATLAB codes.

Optical Materials and Applications

Optical Materials and Applications Book
Author : Moriaki Wakaki
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-09-24
ISBN : 1420015486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The definition of optical material has expanded in recent years, largely because of IT advances that have led to rapid growth in optoelectronics applications. Helping to explain this evolution, Optical Materials and Applications presents contributions from leading experts who explore the basic concepts of optical materials and the many typical applications in which they are used. An invaluable reference for readers ranging from professionals to technical managers to graduate engineering students, this book covers everything from traditional principles to more cutting-edge topics. It also details recent developmental trends, with a focus on basic optical properties of material. Key topics include: Fundamental optical properties of solids Fundamental optical materials (including thin films) from both linear and nonlinear perspectives Use of bulk materials in the design of various modifications Application of optical thin films in artificial components Formation of artificial structures with sub-wavelength dimensions Use of physical or chemical techniques to control lightwave phase One-, two-, and three-dimensional structures used to control dispersion of materials for nanophotonics Progress of the optical waveguide, which makes optical systems more compact and highly efficient This book carefully balances coverage of theory and application of typical optical materials for ultraviolet, visible and infrared, non-linear optics, solid state lasers, optical waveguides, optical thin films and nanophotonics. It addresses both basic ideas and more advanced topics, making it an equally invaluable resource for beginners and active researchers in this growing field.